WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 12 SEPTEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY
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Updated on September 12, 2019
1896 : 13 Filipinos, the “13 martyrs” of Cavite are executed by Spanish authorities for joining the Katipunan revolution
1897: In India, Battle of Saragarhi between twenty-one Sikhs defending an army post, and 10,000 Afghan and Orakza tribesmen.
1942: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces
1945: British forces, under Admiral Mountbatten, come back to Singapore and establish a military administration in Malaya to take control of the country, called the British Military Administration (BMA)
1945: Hajime Sugiyama, Japanese general and minister of war, commits suicide, born on January 1, 1880
1948: Invasion of the independent State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army (Operation Polo)
1948: In China, during the Civil War, the People’s Liberation Army launch the Liaoshen Campaign against the Nationalist (up to November 2)
1964: In an editorial published in the Pravda, Soviet Union accuses China of territorial claims
1965: End of the Battle of Phillora, one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
1965: United Nations General Secretary U Thant arrives in New Delhi in an attempt to solve the India-Pakistani conflict
1983: The USSR vetoes a United Nations Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet shooting down of a Korean civilian jetliner on September 1.
1999: Indonesia agrees to allow UN forces in East Timor
2012: Officials say about 100 suspected insurgents have surrendered to authorities in Thailand’s restive south, including the alleged leader of a 2004 attack that reignited longstanding violence in the region.
2014: Taliban gunmen who shot schoolgirl Malala (later Peace Nobel prize) finally arrested. Militants boarded the teenage activist’s school bus and shot her in the head in October 2012 for her outspoken views on girls’ education, in an attack that also wounded two of her friends