ON 31 OCTOBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY
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Updated on October 31, 2019
1814: Beginning of the Battle of Nalapani (up to November 30), the first battle of Anglo-Nepalese War between the East India Company and Nepal from 1814 to 1816.
1875: Birth of Vallabhbhai Patel, political and social leader of India who played a major role in the country’s struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation, who died on December 15, 1950.
1876: A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths
1883: Death of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, important Hindu religious scholar, founder of Arya Samaj, “Society of Nobles”, a Hindu reform movement, born on February 12, 1824
1925: Birth of Kotayya Pratyagatma, Indian film director who died on June 8, 2001
1975: Death of SD Burman, Indian musician, born on October 1, 1906
1984: Indira Gandhi, PM since 1966 is assassinated by two of her Sikh security guards
2003: Death of Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, one of the greatest Carnatic vocalists of the twentieth century, born on July 25, 1908
2006: Death of Amrita Pritam, Pakistani-Indian author and poet, born on August 31 1919
2010: NATO: Coalition Forces Kill Nearly 100 Afghan Insurgents. Five NATO troops are injured in the fighting.
2014: India pays low-key Gandhi tribute 30 years after assassination. No ministers of India’s new government attended the event honouring Gandhi, gunned down by Sikh bodyguards on October 31, 1984
2014: India’s technology capital Bangalore will be formally known as Engaluru, eight years after the state first proposed the name change