On 23 March in Asian history

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

ON 23 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on March 23, 2019

851: Death of Zhou Chi, Chinese historian and politician, born in 793
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_Chi

1022: Death of Emperor Zhenzong, the third emperor of the Song Dynasty of China since 997, born on December 23, 968
http://www.nouahsark.com/en/infocenter/culture/history/monarchs/emperor_zhenzong_of_song_china.php

1336: Birth of Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan who died on March 12, 1374
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-K%C5%8Dgon

1400: The Tran Dynasty of Vietnam is deposed after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule by General Ho Quy Ly
http://countrystudies.us/vietnam/9.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%E1%BB%93_Qu%C3%BD_Ly

Ho Quy Ly

1548: Death of Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takedan Shingen
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Itagaki_Nobukata

Itagaki Nobukata

1678: Rebelle general Wu Sangui declares himself emperor of the Great Zhou dynasty with Hengzhou (now Hengyan in Hunan) as his capital
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Wu_Sangui
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3368.html

Wu Sangui

 1757: During the Anglo-French war, British forces capture Chandernagore fort (in India) from the French

 
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1757_-_British_expedition_against_Chandernagore

1757-03-23 Capture de Chandernagor par la Royal Navy

1855: Treaty of Peshawar signed, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/14.htm

1861: Birth of Kanzo Uchimura, Japanese writer and evangelist who died on March 28, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uchimura_Kanz%C5%8D

1885: The Battle of Phu Lam Tao, a politically-significant engagement during the Sino-French War (August 1884-April 1885), in which a French Zouave battalion was defeated by a mixed force of Chinese soldiers and Black Flags
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Phu_Lam_Tao

1889: The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India
http://www.alislam.org/introduction/index.html
http://www.muslim.org/hmga.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qadian

1895: Birth of Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian, first Filipina to get a PH D, who died on March 13, 2001
http://www.famousfilipino.com/content/view/33/121/
http://firstfilipina.blogspot.com/2006/03/encarnacion-alzona.html

1895: Japanese forces defeat the Chinese garrison of the Pescadores Island
http://sinojapanesewar.com/Taiwan.htm

1901: Filipino nationalist Emilio Aguinaldo is captured
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1657/today-in-philippine-history-march-23-1901-general-aguinaldo-was-captured-by-the-americans
http://www.freewebs.com/philippineamericanwar/captureofaguinaldo1901.htm

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

1908: American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durham_Stevens

1910 : Birth of Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian nationalist and socialist leader, who died on October 12, 1967
http://www.mapsofindia.com/who-is-who/history/ram-manohar-lohia.html
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/ram-manohar-lohia.html

1910: Birth of Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director who died on September, 6, 1998
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000041/
http://www.criterion.com/explore/3-akira-Kurosawa
http://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/news-bfi/lists/akira-kurosawa-10-essential-films

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1STFM39vJ4

1931: Bhagat Singh and Rajguru  Sukhdev, Indian freedom fighters, embrass the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused
http://guruprasad.net/posts/martyrs-day-tribute-to-bhagat-singh-sukhdev-rajguru/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-march-1931-bhagat-singh-indian-revolutionary-died
http://zeenews.india.com/india/pakistan-displays-freedom-fighter-bhagat-singhs-case-file-for-the-first-time-2093848.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SdOgkD18Fco

1935: Approval of the constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines by the US president
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_the_Philippines

1935 : Manchuko, the Japanese puppet state in northeastern China, purchases the Chinese Eastern Railway from the Soviet Union

1938: Birth of Chang Chun-hsiung, twice prime minister of Taiwan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chang_Chun-hsiung

1940: The Lahore Resolution (qarardad-e-Pakistan) or the then Qarandad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the annual general convention of the India Muslim League calling for a Muslim homeland
http://historypak.com/lahore-resolution-1940/
http://www.defence.pk/forums/social-issues-current-events/50871-march-23-1940-lahore-resolution.html
https://www.dawn.com/news/1322255/23rd-march-special-the-resolutions-after-the-resolution

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

1942: US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=190

1945: Death of Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Japanese diplomat and General of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, born on July 7, 1891 (somes sources say March 26)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadamichi_Kuribayashi
http://ww2gravestone.com/general/kuribayashi-tadamichi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHqNV30NNZI

1956: Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. General governor Iskander Mirza becomes president of the Republic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_Constitution_of_1956

1956-03-23 Iskander Mirza président

1957: Carlos P. Garcia becomes president of the Philippines up to December 1961
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/carlos-p-garcia

1958: Elections for the Cambodian National Assembly. The Sangkom Reash Niyum of prince Norodom Sihanouk wins all 61 seats
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangkum

1961: The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso refunds the Tibetan medical and astrology Institute at Dharamsala, India

1969: the Royal Lao Army launches a large attack (Cu Kiet Campaign) against the communists in the Plain of Jars/Xieng Khoang areas, supported by its own air units and the U.S. Air Force

1974: Chinese jetliner arrives in New York in what is described as first civilian flight from Chinese mainland to United States

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emraan_Hashmi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1STFM39vJ4

1979: Signature of an Amity treaty between Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam control all Indochina

1984: Japanese Premier Nakasone in China,  up to March 31
https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/more-friends-foes-sino-japanese-relations-1984

1984-03 Nakasone en Chine

1996: In Taiwan, despite Beijing military pressures, President Lee Teng-hui easily wins (54 % of the votes), the first ever presidential election with universal suffrage. Peng Ming-min of PPD 21 %, Lin Yang-kang 14 %
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_China_presidential_election,_1996

1997: First visit of the Dalai Lama to Taiwan. He stress the only religious meaning of this trip but is greeted by President Lee Teng-hui
http://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/23/world/taiwan-welcomes-the-dalai-lama-much-to-china-s-displeasure.html
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/550300/Dalai-Lama-hailed-on-first-visit-to-Taiwan.html?pg=all

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CfdqaAsG8o

1997: A grenade attack at a political rally in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, kills 10 people and wounds 101 others, including Cambodia’s leading opposition politician and an American

2000: Death of Antony Padiyara, Indian cardinal, born on February 11, 1921
http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bpadiyara.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_Padiyara

2000: In Taiwan, President Lee Teng-hui resigns as president of the Kuomintang and provisionnally replaced by Lien Chan (up to September)

2003: Abdul Majid Dar, former commander of Hezb-ul-Mujahedeen, the main separatist in Indian Kashmir,who had proposed to dialogue with New Delhi is assassinated
http://www.jammu-kashmir.com/insights/insight20030324a.html

2004: Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions, linked to the Communist Pary, holds its first conference in Hyderabad
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andhra_Pradesh_Federation_of_Trade_Unions

2006: Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, bishop of Hong Kong is elevated cardinal
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4838634.stm

2007: Death of Mao Anqing, second son of Mao Zedong
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200704/03/eng20070403_363268.html

2007: Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war

2009: Police of China have arrested nearly 100 monks after what they describe as a riot by hundreds of Tibetans, according to state media
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932342245812956.html

2009: Malaysia’s government imposes a ban on two main opposition newspapers, ahead of key political developments. Harakah and Suara Keadilan have been told they cannot publish for the next three months, with immediate effect
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7959518.stm

2013: Death of Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic, born on December 1, 1926
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onofre_Corpuz

Onofre Corpuz

2014: Korean and Chinese presidents reaffirm opposition to North Korean nukes pledging to work closely together for peninsular denuclearization
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20140324000014

2014: Hundreds of protesters opposed to a trade pact with China invade Taiwan’s cabinet offices, marking a sharp escalation in a student-led movement against the island’s rapidly developing ties with the communist mainland
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/23/taiwan-protesters-invade-cabinet-offices-china-trade
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/03/protesters-invade-taiwan-cabinet-offices-201432315014510700.html

2015: Death of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s first prime minister and architect of the tiny Southeast Asian city-state’s rapid rise from British tropical outpost to global trade and financial centre, aged 91
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32012346
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-12975980
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/22/lee-kuan-yew

2017 : Tamil writer Ashokamitran passes away
http://www.thehindu.com/books/tamil-writer-ashokamitran-passes-away/article17616921.ece?homepage=true

 

Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Republic Day



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