On 19 December in Asian history

19 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY


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Updated on December 19, 2018

1180: The Kofuku Temple is completely burned during the Nara siege
http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e4101.html
http://www.kohfukuji.com/english.html 

1788: Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long, in Vietnam

1836: Birth of Atsu-Hime, wife of the 13th shogun Tokugawa Iesada, who died on November 12, 1883
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Atsu-hime

1894: Birth of Yoshida Isoya, Tokyo Japan, architect (modern sukiya style) who died on March 24, 1974
http://www.toto.co.jp/gallerma/hist/en/biogra/yoshid.htm
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O1-YoshidaIsoya.html
http://www.google.fr/search?q=Yoshida+Isoya&nord=1&biw=1242&bih=571&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=2O-SVK6hLY2Aae7EgOAO&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ

Yoshida Isoya

1899: During the Philippes-American war, General Henry Lawton is killed in the Battle of Paye near San Mateo
http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/genlawtondies1899.htm
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1353/today-in-philippine-history-december-19-1899-general-lawton-was-killed-in-the-battle-of-paye-near-san-mateo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Paye

1916: Death of Thibaw Min, Burmese king from 1879 to 1885, born on January 1, 1859 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thibaw_Min
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2009/09/monarch-profile-king-thibaw-of-burma.html

1927: Ashfaqulla Khan, Prasad Bismil and Roshan Singh, Indian revolutionaries, are hanged
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/ashfaqullakhan.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_Prasad_Bismil
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roshan_Singh

1932: Death of Yoon Bong-Gil, Korean activist, born in 1908
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoon_Bong-Gil
https://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=876

1934: Japan refuses to abide by the terms of Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 & 1930
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=45

1934: Birth of Pratibha Devinsingh Patil, first woman President of India from July 2007 to July 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pratibha_Patil
http://pratibhapatil.nic.in/profile.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/19th-december-1934-pratibha-patil-first-woman-president-of-india-was-born

1941: Birth of Lee Myung-bak, President of South Korea from 2008 to 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Myung-bak

1946: Vietminh (North Vietnam guerilla) revolts against the French in Tonkin and Cochinchina. French are massacred in Hanoi. Start of the First Indochina war
http://alphahistory.com/vietnamwar/first-indochina-war/

1948: After the Indonesian Republican government refused the constitution proposed by Netherlands, this one break the truce, takes the Indonesia capital and arrest the members of the government
http://mypcdefender.blogspot.fr/2012/12/dutch-military-aggression-ii-december.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Kraai

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6u66nzJb9Dc

1948: Amir Sjarifuddin Harahap, also spelled Amir Sjarifoeddin Harahap, a socialist politician and one of the Indonesian Republic’s first leaders, is executed in 1948 by Indonesian Republican officers following his involvement in a Communist revolt
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Sjarifuddin

1954: In North Vietnam, promulgation of the law on agrarian reform

1961: India annexes Goa, Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India

http://famousdaily.com/history/india-annexes-daman-and-diu.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1961_Indian_annexation_of_Goa

1961: Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization. Indonesia invades Netherlands New Guinea
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Trikora
http://wpik.org/Src/invasion.html

1964: In another bloodless coup, the South Vietnamese military junta of Nguyen Khanh dissolve the High National Council and arrest some of the members
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/another-bloodless-coup-topples-the-government-in-saigon

1966: In a letter to United Nations General Secretary U Thant, the United States ask to him to do his best for the beginning of discussions on an enduring cease-fire in Vietnam

1967: Birth of Frankie Lam, Hong Kong actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankie_Lam
http://www.spcnet.tv/Frankie-Lam-Man-Lung-ac31.html#.UrGrk3eA1Ms

1972: North Vietnam condemns US operation Linebacker raids
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnam-condemns-linebacker-raids

1973: Birth of Japanese actor Takashi Sorimachi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takashi_Sorimachi
http://men.stareastasia.com/takashi-sorimachi/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiRKD_1S4e0

1978: Indira Gandhi is again arrested and expelled from the parliament. Her detention caused major riots with more than 20 dead
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/india/p/Biography-of-Indira-Gandhi.htm
http://www.thehindu.com/2001/07/01/stories/02010006.htm

1984: General Zia Ul Haq gets 97,7 %  of « yes » in his referendum about his politics of islamization of the country
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zia-ul-Haq’s_Islamization

1984: Signature of the agreement between United Kingdom and China for the return of Hong Kong to China on 1st July 1997


http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/19/newsid_2538000/2538857.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/britain-agrees-to-return-hong-kong-to-china
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-British_Joint_Declaration
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11582.html

1984: China People’s Republic performs nuclear test at Lop Nor

1986: In Shanghai, students demonstrate, demanding democracy

1988: Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi arrives in China for a five days visit, a first in 35 years
http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/ziliao_665539/3602_665543/3604_665547/t18017.shtml
http://www.tribuneindia.com/2009/20090322/spectrum/main1.htm

1988-12-21 Gandhi-Deng

1998: Death of scholar and writer Qian Zhongshu, author of “Besieged Fortress”, born on November 21, 1910
http://www.thechinabeat.org/?tag=qian-zhongshu
http://www.thenanfang.com/blog/china-marks-15th-anniversary-of-novelist-qian-zhongshus-death/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11698.html

2001: Death of Son Sann, a Republican Cambodia politician, Prime Minister in 1967-1968
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Son_Sann

2002: Roh Moo-Hyun, 56 years old, candidate of the Millennium Democratic Party is elected President of South Korea with 48,2 % of votes against 46,9 % to Lee Hoi-chang, candidate of  Grand National Party
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roh_Moo-hyun

2005: Afghanistan’s first democratically elected parliament in more than three decades convened

2007: In South Korea Lee Myung-bak is elected president with 48,7 % of the votes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korean_presidential_election,_2007

2010: Prime Minister Wen Jiabao of China praised Pakistan’s efforts to combat terrorism and promised to further advance the two countries’ strategic partnership and economic cooperation in a speech to the Parliament which capped his three-day visit to Pakistan
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/20/world/asia/20pstan.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12031476

2010: The U.N. Security Council meets in emergency amid rising tensions on the Korean Peninsula and a North Korean warning of a “catastrophe” if South Korea goes ahead with a live-fire drill
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12033330

2012: South Korea has its first ever woman in the top job. The electoral commission has confirmed that the conservative Park Geun-hye has won the presidential election.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/12/20121219145148235453.html

2012: Death of Keiji Nakazawa, Japanese manga artist, born on March 14, 1939
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2012-12-24/barefoot-gen-manga-creator-keiji-nakazawa-passes-away
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keiji_Nakazawa

2013: The governor of Tokyo steps down after receiving nearly $500,000 from a Japanese hospital tycoon ahead of his election. Governor Naoki Inose helped Tokyo secure the 2020 Olympic Games just a few months ago
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/12/tokyo-governor-resigns-amid-financial-scandal-2013121931253840180.html
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/10527110/Tokyo-governor-resigns-over-financial-scandal.html

2014: South Korea’s constitutional court orders the dissolution of a small leftist political party hounded by claims of pro-North Korea views, a move critics say exposes limits of freedom of expression in a country once ruled by military dictators
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20141219000813

2014: Cambodia Parliament adopts rules to recognize Sam Rainsy as minority leader
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/house-minority-leader-12192014172811.html

2016: Norway and China resume diplomatic relations and negotiations on a free-trade agreement, ending a six-year diplomatic freeze caused by the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to a Chinese dissident
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2055782/norway-china-restart-diplomatic-ties-after-row-over
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-12/19/content_15544819.html

 

Holidays and observances

India: Liberation day of Goa



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