On 18 December in Asian history

 

ON 18 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on December 18, 2018

1271: Kublai Khan renames his empire « Yuan » officially marking the start of the Chinese Yuan dynasty
http://www.thenagain.info/WebChron/China/KublaiKhan.html

1507: Birth of Japanese warlord Ouchi Yoshitaka, born on September 30, 1551
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Ouchi_Yoshitaka

Ouchi Yoshitaka 1507-1551

1603: First fleet of the Dutch East India Company under Admiral Steven van der Haghen departs for the East-Indies

1756: Birth of Guru Ghasidas, freedom fighter an social Indian reformer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghasidas
http://oaji.net/articles/2017/1174-1521978391.pdf

1845: During the First Sikh War, battle of Moodkee
https://www.britishbattles.com/first-sikh-war/battle-of-moodkee/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mudki

1856: Birth of Graciano Lopez Jaena, Filipino hero, orator and satirist who died of tuberculosis in January 1896
http://www.univie.ac.at/Voelkerkunde/apsis/aufi/history/jaena.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/831/today-in-philippine-history-december-18-1856-graciano-lopez-jaena-was-born-in-jaro-iloilo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graciano_L%C3%B3pez_Jaena

1882: Birth of Cai E or Tsai Ao, Chinese revolutionary leader and warlord, who died on November 8, 1916
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11820.html

1886: Birth of Zhu De (Chu Teh), Chinese Marshal who died on July 6, 1976
 http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Zhu_De
http://www.s9.com/Biography/Zhu-De

1887: Birth of Bhikhari Thakur, Indian author who died on July  10, 1971
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhikhari_Thakur

Bhikhari Thakur

1935: The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Sri Lanka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lanka_Equal_Society_Party

1940: Birth of Lei Feng, hero of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, who died in an accident on August 15, 1962
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lei_Feng

1941: In Singapore, the Communist Party of Malaya general secretary and the British sign an agreement for fighting the Japanese invaders

1941: Japan invades Hong Kong after British governor of Hong Kong, Mark Aitchison Young refuses to surrender to Japanese forces
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japan-invades-hong-kong
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=61

1944: 77 US B-29 superfortress and 200 other aircrafts bomb the Chinese city of Hankow (now apart of Wuhan) where is a Japanese supply base

1944: In the United States, the Supreme Court upholds the wartime relocation of Japanese-Americans
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day–The-Supreme-Court-Upholds-WWII-Internment-of-Japanese-Americans-.html

1946: Dutch create the state of East Indonesia/Negara Indonesia Timur at a conference in Denpasar, Bali. Capital of the new NIT is Makassar, and it includes the entire eastern half of Indonesia. Sutan Sjahrir protests
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sutan_Sjahrir

1948: Indonesia begins its second political elections

1948: Dutch officials tell representatives of the United States and the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta that they are cancelling the Renville agreement. The news does not reach Yogya, as the Dutch have already cut the phone lines there
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renville_Agreement

1950: Birth of Sarath Fonseka, Sri Lankan general and politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarath_Fonseka

1952: Abdul Haris Nasution, Army Chief of Staff in Indonesia since 1949, is dismissed. Sultan of Yogya resigns as defense minister
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Abdul_Haris_Nasution

1956: Japan is admitted to the United Nations

1959: Zhou Enlai suggests a meeting with Nehru on December 26 to solve their border quarrel. Nehru answer that he is ready for that at an appropriate time

1961: United Nations Security Council rejects a « neutralist » resolution approving the invasion of the Portuguese enclaves by the Indian army. Soviet Union veto an Occidental resolution asking for a cease-fire

1962: Birth of Renaldo Lapuz, Filipino-born American singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaldo_Lapuz

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uCqcd8IlNlo

1965: United Nations pass a resolution (2079-XX) condemning the « permanent violation of the basic rights » of Tibetan
http://www.tibetjustice.org/materials/un/un6.html

1966: Birth of Makiko Esumi, Japanese actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Esumi_Makiko

1971: Birth of Noriko Matsueda, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noriko_Matsueda
http://www.ocremix.org/composer/id/135/noriko-matsueda/

1972: US president Richard Nixon announces that the United States will engage North Vietnam in Operation Linebacker II, a series of Christmas bombings, after peace talks collapsed with North Vietnam on the 13th
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-orders-the-initiation-of-operation-linebacker-ii
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Linebacker_II

1973: Death of Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, born on July 9, 1908
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allamah_Rasheed_Turabi

1975: Birth of Masaki Sumitani, Japanese comedian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_Gay

1976: Birth of Koyuki Kato, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koyuki

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IGT_nN_MxwU

1978: Opening of the 3d plenum of the CCP Central committee. Deng Xiaoping launches the “Four Modernizations” program
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7780477.stm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11831.html

1980: Vietnam adopts its new constitution
http://vietnamlawmagazine.vn/vietnams-1980-constitution-4534.html

1982: Death of Wu Yonggang, Chinese director born in November 1907
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Yonggang
http://www.dianying.com/en/person/WuYonggang

1983: After the refusal of ex-PM Kakuci Tanaka to resign his member of parliament seat after being condemned in the Lockheed scandal, general elections in Japan. LDP wins 250 seats on 511 (- 36)
http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/arc/JAPAN_1983_E.PDF

1985: Death of Xuan Dieu, Vietnamese poet, born on February 2, 1916
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xu%C3%A2n_Di%E1%BB%87u
http://www.ibiblio.org/vietnamlit/wiki/index.php?title=Xuan_Dieu

Xuan Dieu 3
1987: 1,600 are arrested while protesting against the election of Roh Tae-woo as president of South Korea

1987: Birth of Ayaka, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayaka

1997: South Korea presidential election, won by Kim Dae-jung
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korean_Presidential_Election%2C_1997

2006: Death of Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistanese author, journalist and political activist
http://www.dawn.com/news/224071/writer-shaukat-siddiqui-passes-away

2009: Cambodia’s UN-backed war crimes court charges Khmer Rouge former head of state Khieu Samphan with genocide

2011: North Korea in mourning for Kim Jong-il “It is the biggest loss for the party … and it is our people and nation’s biggest sadness,” a tearful presenter said as she announced the death on state television yesterday
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2011/12/201112193620221153.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16250499
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Korea/ML20Dg02.html

2011: Aid agencies in the Philippines are trying to reach more than 120,000 people affected by flash flooding on the island of Mindanao. At least 972 people died in the disaster, according to goverment sources
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16249763
http://www.france24.com/en/20111219-mass-burial-flash-flood-victims-death-count-650-philippines-washi-rescue

2014: India successfully launched its biggest ever rocket, including an unmanned capsule which could one day send astronauts into space, as the country ramps up its ambitious space programme
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2014/12/india-biggest-space-rocket-lifts-off-201412188632762877.html
http://www.ndtv.com/video/player/news/gslv-mark-iii-india-s-largest-rocket-blasts-off-successfully/348922?utm_source=taboola
http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/countdown-begins-for-gslv-markiii-launch/article6701651.ece?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=%2AAfPak%20Daily%20Brief&utm_campaign=2014_The%20South%20Asia%20Daily%2012-18



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