Myanmar home policy & society


600,000 Rohingya still in Myanmar at ‘serious risk of genocide’: UN

Rohingya Muslims remaining in Myanmar still face a “serious risk of genocide”, UN investigators said on Monday (Sep 16), warning the repatriation of a million already driven from the country by the army remains “impossible”


Myanmar govt, armed groups issue ceasefire communique

Representatives of Myanmar government’s National Reconciliation and Peace Center (NRPC) and four ethnic armed groups issued a joint communique late on Saturday following their meeting in Kengtung, Shan state, earlier on the day

29 AUGUST 2019

Myanmar filmmaker jailed for one year after criticising military

Myanmar filmmaker Min Htin Ko Ko Gyi was sentenced to a year in prison on Thursday (Aug 29) for criticising the military, as free expression advocates warned of “grave threats” to those who challenge the powerful armed forces

25 AUGUST 2019

200,000 Rohingya rally to mark ‘Genocide Day’ in Bangladesh camps

Some 200,000 Rohingya rallied in a Bangladesh refugee camp on Sunday (Aug 25) to mark two years since they fled a violent crackdown by Myanmar forces, just days after a second failed attempt to repatriate the refugees

22 AUGUST 2019

Rohingya refugees refuse to return to Myanmar without rights guarantee

Plans to begin repatriating the thousands of Rohingya Muslims who fled ethnic cleansing in Rahkine state in 2017 look likely to fail once again, with the refugees refusing to go back to Myanmar voluntarily

15 AUGUST 2019

15 Myanmar Soldiers, Police and Civilians Dead in Coordinated Attacks

At least 15 have died and three have been injured in coordinated rebel attacks across in Mandalay Region and neighboring northern Shan State on Thursday, a day that began with the first attack on the Myanmar military’s Defense Service Technological Academy (DSTA) in decades

25 JUIN 2019

UN: Internet Blackout in Western Myanmar May Be Hiding Human Rights Abuses

The United Nations special human rights investigator for Myanmar says the military may be carrying out “gross human rights violations” in western Myanmar under the cover of an Internet blackout

29 MAY 2019

Myanmar: Arrest warrant issued for anti-Muslim monk Wirathu

A court in Myanmar has issued an arrest warrant against Wirathu, a notorious Buddhist monk whose hate-preaching sermons against the Rohingya and other minority Muslims have stoked religious tensions

27 MAY 2019

Myanmar soldiers jailed 10 years for Rohingya massacre freed after months

Myanmar has granted early release to seven soldiers jailed for the killing of 10 Rohingya men and boys during a 2017 military crackdown in the western state of Rakhine, two prison officials, two former fellow inmates and one of the soldiers told Reuters news agency

26 APRIL 2019

Myanmar pardons nearly 7,000 prisoners in second amnesty this month

Myanmar began releasing prisoners on Friday (April 26) after the president announced he would pardon nearly 7,000 people in addition to thousands released earlier this month

23 APRIL 2019

Myanmar Court Rejects Appeal of Jailed Reuters Reporters

Myanmar’s Supreme Court on Tuesday rejected the final appeal of two Reuters journalists and upheld seven-year prison sentences for their reporting on the military’s brutal crackdown on Rohingya Muslims

17 APRIL 2019

Myanmar pardons more than 9,000 prisoners in New Year amnesty

President Win Myint said 9,535 local prisoners, and 16 foreigners, had been pardoned in a gesture designed “for the peace and pleasure of the people, and taking into consideration humanitarian concerns”

13 APRIL 2019

Myanmar’s intelligence apparatus under Aung San Suu Kyi

It might have helped the pundits to keep in mind veteran Myanmar-watcher Robert Taylor’s observation that military intelligence had always served as a means of social control in Myanmar, to ask if and how the NLD planned to depart from this pattern, and whether the armed forces (known as the Tatmadaw) would allow this to occur. As expected, Aung San Suu Kyi has faced many of the same challenges as the military regime but, to the surprise of many, she has relied on similar mechanisms and methods to tackle them

12 APRIL 2019

Prominent Myanmar Filmmaker Min Htin Ko Ko Gyi in Jail For Facebook Post Criticizing Military

A Myanmar court on Friday denied bail for a renowned filmmaker and human rights activist sued by a government military officer for allegedly insulting and defaming the armed forces in a Facebook post, sending him to Yangon’s notorious Insein Prison until his next court appearance in late April, his attorney said

19 MARCH 2019

Myanmar court jails Rakhine leader Aye Maung for 20 years for treason

A Myanmar court on Tuesday (March 19) sentenced a prominent ethnic Rakhine leader to 20 years in jail for treason, a verdict likely to intensify anger amid fighting between the ethnic group and the army

4 MARCH 2019

Retired Myanmar Army Generals Form New Political Party With Eye on 2020 Vote

Myanmar’s election commission has approved a new political party formed by a splinter group of retired generals from the country’s main opposition party, who have their eyes on the next general election in 2020

27 FEBRUARY 2019

Thousands rally in Myanmar’s Yangon to change army-drafted Constitution

Thousands of people rallied in Myanmar’s commercial capital on Wednesday (Feb 27) in support of constitutional reform, amid mounting tension between the ruling party and the military over changes to the charter that enshrines the army’s role in politics

23 FEBRUARY 2019

Myanmar army warns against changing ‘essence’ of constitution

Myanmar’s military Saturday (Feb 23) said they would thwart attempts by leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s party to alter the “essence” of the country’s controversial constitution, putting the army and civilian administration on a collision course over the politically-charged issue

15 FEBRUARY 2019

Gunmen sentenced in the death of Myanmar democracy advocate Ko Ni

A Myanmar court sentenced two men to death Friday for killing U Ko Ni, a well known adviser to the country’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi and one of Myanmar’s best known advocates for democracy

13 FEBRUARY 2019

Myanmar to drop charges against ethnic minority protesters in Aung San statue dispute

Myanmar will drop charges against dozens of ethnic minority protesters who demonstrated against a statue of independence hero General Aung San and will hold talks with them, state media said on Wednesday, offering a rare concession


Human Rights Watch says Myanmar government using ‘abusive laws’ to punish critics

Rights group says freedom of expression deteriorating since Aung San Suu Kyi’s government took office in 2016

29 JANUARY 2019

Aung San Suu Kyi’s party clashes with military over proposal to change Myanmar’s charter

Myanmar’s ruling party clashed with military lawmakers on Tuesday as it proposed steps towards changing the constitution, its biggest challenge in nearly three years to the army’s power over politics as enshrined in the charter

25 JANUARY 2019

UN rights envoy Lee calls for Myanmar army chief prosecution

Myanmar’s army chief should be prosecuted for genocide against the Rohingya Muslim minority, a UN human rights investigator said, adding that holding perpetrators to account for crimes was necessary before refugees who fled the country could return

15 JANUARY 2019

A new war rages in Myanmar

The Arakan Army, one of Myanmar’s newest and least known insurgent groups, has been hurled from obscurity to prominence after a series of escalated attacks that threaten to tilt the country’s already volatile Rakhine state towards all-out war

11 JANUARY 2019

Burmese Reuters journalists lose appeal against seven year jail term

Two Reuters journalists jailed for seven years after investigating atrocities committed against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Burma had their appeal dismissed Friday, crushing their families’ hopes that they would walk free

4 JANUARY 2019

Rakhine rebels kill 13 Myanmar police in brazen raids

Thirteen Myanmar police officers were killed in raids on Friday (Jan 4) by ethnic Rakhine rebels, the army said, in a brazen, co-ordinated attack on the country’s Independence Day which adds a dangerous new dimension to conflict in the restive western state

18 DECEMBER 2018

South Korea foundation scraps award for Aung San Suu Kyi

One of South Korean largest human rights groups will strip Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi of its 2004 prize because of her “indifference” to the atrocities against the Rohingya minority, organisers said Tuesday (Dec 18)

17 NOVEMBER 2018

UN resolution condemns Myanmar’s rights violation

Myanmar, China and Russia, seven other countries voted against it and 26 nations — including Japan — abstained, the UN said

12 NOVEMBER 2018

Aung San Suu Kyi stripped of Amnesty International’s highest honor

Amnesty International announced today that it has withdrawn its highest honour, the Ambassador of Conscience Award, from Aung San Suu Kyi, in light of the Myanmar leader’s shameful betrayal of the values she once stood for


Myanmar by-election results deliver setbacks for Aung San Suu Kyi’s NLD party after series of controversies

The party of Myanmar’s embattled head of state Aung San Suu Kyi said on Sunday they were defeated in 6 of 13 constituencies in a national by-election, showing uneven support for her government after a string of controversies

10 OCTOBER 2018

Myanmar newspaper journalists held after handing themselves in to police

Three senior journalists at Myanmar’s largest private newspaper were remanded in custody after handing themselves in to police on Wednesday, facing accusations of causing “fear or alarm” following a complaint from the Yangon regional government


Former columnist jailed for ‘abusive’ Facebook posts on Aung San Suu Kyi

 A former columnist for state media has been jailed for seven years for “abusive” Facebook posts about Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi, a court official said Wednesday, the latest case threatening free expression in the country


Aung San Suu Kyi defends jailing of Reuters journalists in Myanmar 

Aung San Suu Kyi has defended the jailing of two Reuters journalists who were reporting on the Rohingya Muslim crisis, in a speech likely to add to her fall from grace


Myanmar jails 2 Reuters journalists for 7 years in ‘state secrets’ case

Two Reuters journalists accused of breaching Myanmar’s state secrets law during their reporting of a massacre of Rohingya were jailed for seven years Monday, in a case that has drawn outrage as an attack on media freedom

27 AUGUST 2018

Myanmar military chiefs should face genocide case for Muslim Rohingya killings, UN report says

Myanmar’s military carried out mass killings and gang rapes of Muslim Rohingya with “genocidal intent” and the commander-in-chief and five generals should be prosecuted for the gravest crimes under international law, UN investigators say

25 AUGUST 2018

One year since Myanmar army crackdown, Rohingya seek justice

Rohingya refugees have held demonstrations in Bangladesh to mark one year since Myanmar’s army launched a brutal crackdown of the mostly Muslim minority, forcing hundreds of thousands to flee across the border

21 AUGUST 2018

Aung San Suu Kyi Defends Policies toward Rohingya Muslims

Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi on Tuesday defended her government’s actions in Rakhine state, where about 700,000 Rohingya Muslims fled from a brutal counterinsurgency campaign to neighboring Bangladesh. She said terrorism, not social discrimination or inequality, triggered the crisis

20 AUGUST 2018

Chinese-funded port gives Myanmar a sinking feeling

Myanmar’s government wants to sharply reduce the scale of a Chinese-funded port project on the Bay of Bengal that officials say risks saddling the country with unsustainable debt

11 JULY 2018

Myanmar opens peace conference with ethnic rebels

Myanmar’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the country’s military commander on Wednesday opened a major conference with representatives of ethnic minority groups in the hope of reaching lasting peace after seven decades of strained relations and armed conflict

26 JUNE 2018

General involved in Rohingya crackdown fired after EU sanctions

Major General Maung Maung Soe, who is already under US sanctions, led the brutal military offensive against Rohingya

10 JUNE 2018

Myanmar lawyer Kyaw Hla Aung wins $1.1 million Aurora humanitarian prize

A lawyer from Myanmar who has worked to promote the rights of the country’s persecuted Rohingya minority has been awarded the $1.1-million Aurora Prize for humanitarianism

2 MAY 2018

Burma’s ‘forgotten’ war

The fighting in Burma’s northern borderlands is one of the world’s longest-running civil wars, with the powerful Kachin Independence Army (KIA) rebel group and Burma’s army locked in conflict since the 1960s. Despite making it a flagship of her election campaign, a national peace process led by de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi has stalled

 29 APRIL 2018

Myanmar policeman who testified Reuters reporters were framed sentenced to prison

A police officer who testified that police framed two Reuters reporters has been sentenced to an undisclosed prison term for violating Myanmar’s Police Disciplinary Act, a police spokesman told Reuters on Sunday (April 29), without elaborating

17 APRIL 2018

Burma frees 8,500 prisoners in holiday amnesty

Burma announced the release of 8,500 prisoners in a mass pardoning on Tuesday, including dozens of political prisoners and two Christian pastors from an ethnic minority

11 APRIL 2018

Seven Myanmar soldiers jailed with hard labour for massacre of Rohingya civilians

Seven Myanmar soldiers have been sentenced to jail with hard labour for their part in the extrajudicial killings of 10 Rohingya Muslim men last year

30 MARCH 2018

Myanmar president pledges to amend army-scripted constitution

Myanmar’s new president promised to amend the country’s army-written constitution in an inaugural speech Friday, challenging a charter that bans Aung San Suu Kyi from top office and gives the military major powers

28 MARCH 2018

Aung San Suu Kyi loyalist Win Myint elected Myanmar president

The Union Parliament on Wednesday elected former Lower House Speaker U Win Myint the country’s 10th president after U Htin Kyaw left the post last week citing the need to rest

21 MARCH 2018

Myanmar’s President Htin Kyaw resigns ‘to take rest from duties’

Myanmar’s civilian President, Htin Kyaw, resigns with immediate effect “in order to take rest from the current duties and responsibilities”, and is likely to be replaced by Win Myint, a Suu Kyi loyalist

8 MARCH 2018

US Holocaust Museum strips rights award from Myanmar’s Suu Kyi

The US Holocaust Memorial Museum says it is rescinding the award due to Aung San Suu Kyi’s inaction over what it called “mounting evidence of genocide” committed by the Myanmar military against civilians from the Rohingya minority

23 FEBRUARY 2018

Myanmar bulldozing Rohingya villages to destroy its ‘crime scenes’

New satellite imagery shows that the government of Myanmar is bulldozing more than dozens of already-burned-out Rohingya Muslim villages in the west of the country in an attempt to destroy evidence of violence committed by the military, rights groups say

13 FEBRUARY 2018

Myanmar signs ceasefire with two rebel groups amid decades of conflict

Two ethnic armed groups in Myanmar signed a ceasefire with the government on Tuesday, as leader Aung San Suu Kyi seeks to revive a stuttering peace process to end decades of conflict

17 JANUARY 2018

Seven ethnic Rakhine Buddhists killed as Myanmar police fire on riot

Myanmar police opened fire on a crowd of ethnic Rakhine Buddhists as they tried to seize a government office, in unrest that left seven dead in a state already scored by violence and bitter divisions

10 JANUARY 2018

Myanmar court charges Reuters journalists under Official Secrets Act

Journalists Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo have been charged with violating the Official Secrets Act, after almost a month behind bars. They were reporting on the persecution of Rohingya in Rakhine state

29 DECEMBER 2017

Myanmar frees journalists after two months in prison for filming with drone

Two journalists and their two local staff have been released from a Myanmar prison, two months after their arrest for allegedly flying a drone over the parliament

Aung San Suu Kyi has Freedom of Dublin award revoked

Dublin councillors have voted to revoke an award given to Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi to protest her handling of violence against Rohingya Muslims in her country, Irish media reported

13 DECEMBER 2017

2 journalists, including Reuters reporter, arrested in Yangon

Two reporters, including a correspondent from the Yangon bureau of the Reuters news service, were arrested on the northern outskirts of the commercial capital last night and will face charges under Myanmar’s colonial-era Official Secrets Act


 Myanmar: How the military still controls the country, not Aung San Suu Kyi

In the debate over whether Aung San Suu Kyi should do more to stop the violence in Myanmar, it’s often pointed out that she has limited power to intervene — the “de facto leader” has widespread support, but the army still rules the joint, writes Liam Cochrane


Rohingya exodus to Bangladesh nears 300,000: UN

Nearly 300,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar’s Rakhine state into Bangladesh in the 15 days since new violence erupted, the United Nations said Saturday (Sep 9)


Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi denounces ‘terrorists’, silent on Rohingya exodus

Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi has blamed “terrorists” for “a huge iceberg of misinformation” on the violence in Rakhine state, but made no mention of the nearly 125,000 Rohingya Muslims who have recently fled over the border to Bangladesh


The Rohingya in Myanmar: what you need to know

What makes Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslims one of the most persecuted communities in the world? What is the conflict between the majority Buddhists and the minority Rohingya all about, and what should be done to resolve it?


Over 2,600 homes burned in Rohingya-majority Rakhine: Myanmar

The Myanmar government says over 2,600 houses have been burned down over the past week in the Rohingya-majority areas of the country’s northwest, which have been the scene of one of the deadliest outbreaks of violence against the persecuted Muslim community in decades

Myanmar troops open fire on civilians fleeing attacks

Myanmar soldiers opened fire on fleeing Rohingya civilians – mostly women and children – as they attempted to cross the border into Bangladesh and escape surging violence

25 AUGUST 2017

Rohingya insurgent attack leaves 71 dead

Ethnic Rohingya militants in western Myanmar launched overnight attacks on more than two dozen police and border outposts, leaving 71 people dead, the government said Friday, in a significant escalation of their armed struggle

18 APRIL 2017

Myanmar publisher who criticised establishment is found stabbed to death

A Myanmar publisher whose magazine has criticised the military, political and business establishment was found stabbed to death in his office at the weekend, police said on Tuesday

2 APRIL 2017

Suu Kyi’s party wins string of seats in by-elections but is rejected by Myanmar’s minorities

Aung San Suu Kyi’s one-year-old government won a string of seats in Myanmar by-elections on Sunday but was bruised by losses in ethnic minority areas

1 APRIL 2017

Myanmar goes to polls for by-elections, in first vote since Suu Kyi swept to power

Myanmar goes to the polls on Saturday for the first time since Aung San Suu Kyi’s party swept to power a year ago, in an early indication of views on her leadership amid increased fighting with armed ethnic groups and slower economic growth

30 MARCH 2017

Myanmar – A year of democracy

 A year ago, Aung San Suu Kyi’s party took over the reins of the country as Myanmar’s first elected government in half a century. Things haven’t turned for the better for everyone since then. Verena Hölzl reports


30 dead as intense fighting breaks out in Myanmar-China border town

At least 30 people were killed Monday in a day of intense fighting in a town on Myanmar’s border with China, authorities said, after rebels dressed in police uniforms launched a surprise raid


Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi vows to investigate crimes against Rohingya Muslims

Myanmar’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi has promised to investigate UN allegations of atrocities against Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State

29 JANUARY 2017

Suu Kyi Muslim political advisor Ko Ni shot and killed at Yangon airport in Myanmar

A gunman has killed a legal adviser for Myanmar’s ruling National League for Democracy, shooting the lawyer in the head at close range as he walked out of the Yangon Airport

11 JANUARY 2017

Burma: Fresh fears for freedom of speech under Aung San Suu Kyi’s administration

Given the dozens of people who have been charged or jailed under the new administration for supposed online defamation of the regime, it appears those expectations may have been misplaced

8 JANUARY 2017

Buddhist hardliners stop Myanmar Muslim ceremony

Hardline Buddhist nationalists stopped a Muslim religious ceremony in Yangon on Sunday, witnesses and organisers said, as Islamophobic tensions boil over amid a bloody military campaign against Rohingya in northern Rakhine state