Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 7 December in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on December 7, 2019

1921: Birth of Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader

1923: Birth of Intizar Hussain, Pakistani Urdu writer and columnist

1970: The first ever general election on the basis of direct adult franchise is held in Pakistan for 313 National Assembly seats,_1970

1971: Pakistan president Yayah Khan announces the formation of a coalition government with Nurul Amin as Prime Minister and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as vice-prime minister

1987: Because strikes and protests Bangladesh president Ershad dissolves parliament

2001: Taliban surrender Kandahar

2002: In Mymensingh, Bangladesh, four movies theaters are bombed within 30 minutes of each other. At least 15 people were killed and over 200 were injured

2004: Hamid Karzai is sworn in as president of Afghanistan

2007: A judge in India has summoned two Hindu gods, Ram and Hanuman, to appear before the court personally to help resolve a property dispute

2016 : Death of Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani musician, in a plane crash, born in 1964


Holidays and observances

India: Armed Forces Flag Day

On 26 November in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on November 26, 2019

1919: Birth of Ram Sharan Sharma, Indian historian and academic who died on August 20, 2011

1923: Birth of V. K. Murthy, Indian cinematographer who died on April 7, 2014

1949: India’s Constituent Assembly adopts the country’s constitution. The country will become a republic within the British Commonwealth two months later

1954: Birth of Velupillai Prabhakaran, leader to the Tamil separatists in Sri Lanka, killed on May 16, 2009

1967: In Pakistan, Malik Amir Muhammad, Nawab of Kalabagh is shot dead

Malik Amir Muhammad

1972: Birth of Arjun Rampal, Indian actor

2007: Former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif returns to Pakistan after seven years in exile, following a military coup in October 1999 led by General Musharraf

2008: Ten coordinated attacks by Pakistan-based terrorists kill 164 and injure more than 250 people in Mumbai, India

2011: NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpost in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others

2012: Death of P. K. Venukuttan Nair, Indian actor, born in 1931

2012: In its new travel papers, Beijing incorporates big swathes of the South China Sea and the Himalaya. In response, India is issuing Chinese citizens with visas embossed with New Delhi’s own maps. Vietnam is issuing visas on separate documents.’s-new-passport-angers-Hanoi-and-Delhi-26458.html

2012: Death of M. C. Nambudiripad, Indian author, born on February 2, 1919

2012: The Aam Aadmi Party, an Indian political party, is founded

2018: Maldives’ top court cancels jail sentence of former president Mohamed Nasheed

Holidays and observances

India: Constitution Day

On 3 November in South Asian history

1988-11-03 coup


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on November 3, 2019

1605: Eight days after his father’s death, Jahangir succeeded to the throne as Mughal emperor

1618: Birth of Aurangzeb Alamgir (the exact day according different  sources are between October 21 and November 4), Mughal emperor of India
(1658-1707) who died on March 3, 1707

1838: The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as the Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce

1917: Birth of Annapurna Maharana, Indian freedom fighter and social worker who died on December 31, 2012

Annapurna Maharana

1933: Birth of Amartya Sen, Indian economist Nobel Prize laureate in 1998

1934: Birth of Ruma Guha Thakurta, Indian singer and actress

1975: In Bangladesh, president Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad is overthrown in a coup by General Khaled  Mosharraf. Tajuddin Ahmad, Bangladeshi politician and a senior leader of the  Awami League, born on July 23, 1925, is killed in jail

1982: The Salang  tunnel fire in Afghanistan kills up to 2000 people

1982 Salang Tunnel

1984: In India, funeral of Indira Gandhi causing anti-Sikh riots with 1,277 victims as a  result–Funeral-of-Indira-GANDHI-November-1984-NN146124.html

1988: Sri Lankan  Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At president Gayoom  request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt

1988-11-03 coup

2003: In Kabul, a  post-Taliban draft constitution is unveiled

2007: In Pakistan,  General Musharraf declares state of emergency before judiciary can rule on his  re-election as president

2013: Pakistani legendory folk singer Reshma dies

2014: Death of veteran Bollywood actor Sadashiv Amrapurkar who is known for his stellar performances in villainous roles in movies like Sadak, Ishq and Ardh Satya

2014: Bangladesh’s Supreme Court upholds the death penalty for war criminal and Jamaat-e-Islami leader Muhammad Kamaruzzaman on one charge but commuted the highest penalty to life term imprisonment for another charge

On 2 November in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on November 2, 2019

619: A qaghan of the Western Turkic Khaganate is assassinated in a Chinese palace by Eastern Turkic rivals after the approval of Tang emperor Gaozu

971: Birth of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, who died on April 30, 1030

mahmud map

1833: Birth of Mahendralal Sarkar, Indian doctor who died on February 23, 1904

1841: Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuga in Afghanistan

1865: Birth of Panuganti Lakshmi Narasimha Rao, Indian writer and essayist, populary know as “ Andhra Sakespeare“ who died on January 1, 1940

Panuganti Lakshmi Narasimha Rao

1877: Birth of Mohammed Shah Agha Khan III, who died on July 11, 1957

1886: Birth of Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician, tortured to death on March 29, 1971,_Dhirendranath

1929: Birth of Muhammad Rafiq Tarar (President of Pakistan 1998-2001)

1953: The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan names the country The Islamic Republic of Pakistan

 1965: Mohammad Hashim Hashim Maiwandwal becomes prime minister of Afghanistan, up to October 1967

1965: Birth of Shah Rukh Khan, Indian actor

1973: The Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Communist Party of India form an « United Front » in the state of Tripura

2007: Liberation Tiger of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) political wing leader SP  Thamilselvan is killed when the Air forces bombed the venue of a meeting place  of LTTE leaders at Thiruvaiarer

2009: Karzai declared elected president of Afghanistan, run-off  scrapped

2011: The Afghan president urges Pakistan to help his country negotiate with the Taliban, despite a series of high-profile assassinations and attacks that have diminished peace prospects and intensified suspicions that Pakistan supports and shelters the fighters

2011: Pakistan grants India ‘most favoured’ trade status

2014: More than 50 people are killed and at least 100 injured in a suicide bombing close to Wagah, Pakistan’s only border crossing with India

2014: A second leader of Bangladesh’s largest Islamic party,  Mir Quasem Ali, is sentenced to death for war crimes committed during the 1971 war against Pakistan

On 1st November in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on November 1, 2019

1803: Battle of Laswari during the Second Anglo-Maratha War

1838: Birth of Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama who died on 31 January 1856, aged 17

1886: Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka is established
1940: Birth of Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Chief Justice of India from 2004 to 2005

1954: French give back the territory of Pondicherry to the Indian sovereignty

1956: Foundation of the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh (ex Nizam), Karnataka (ex Mysore) and Kerala

1973: Birth of Aishwarya Rai, Indian actress, Miss World 1994

1978: Birth of Manju Warrier, Indian actress

1984: Anti-Sikh riots after the assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

1987: Birth of Ileana D’Cruz, Indian actress

1990: In Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif is appointed Prime Minister up to July 1993

1996: Death of Junius Richard Jayewardene, Sri Lanka president (1978-1989), born on September 17, 1906

Junius Richard Jayewardene

2008: Abu Jihad al-Masri, an Egyptian, Al-Qaeda terror network’s propaganda chief, is killed in a missile strike in Pakistan

2009: President Hamid Karzai’s rival in the second round of the Afghan presidential election, Abdullah, announces that he is withdrawing from the poll

2011: Nepal’s main political parties agree the last part of a landmark peace deal after years of wrangling. A spokesman for the prime minister says the deal revolves around the future of about 19,000 former Maoist fighters

2018: Maldives ex-president Nasheed returns from exile


On 31 October in South Asian history



To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 31, 2019

1814: Beginning of the Battle of Nalapani (up to November 30),  the first battle of Anglo-Nepalese War between the East India Company and Nepal  from 1814 to 1816.

1814-10-31 Nalapani

1875: Birth of Vallabhbhai Patel, political and social leader of India who played a major role in the country’s struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation, who died on December 15, 1950.

1876: A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths

1883: Death of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, important Hindu religious scholar, founder of Arya Samaj, “Society of Nobles”, a Hindu reform  movement, born on February 12, 1824

1925: Birth of Kotayya Pratyagatma, Indian film director who died on June 8, 2001

1975: Death of SD Burman, Indian musician, born on October 1, 1906

1984: Indira Gandhi, PM since 1966 is assassinated by two of her Sikh security guards 


2003: Death of Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, one of the greatest Carnatic vocalists of the twentieth century, born on July 25, 1908

2006: Death of Amrita Pritam, Pakistani-Indian author and poet, born on August 31 1919

Amrita Pritam

2010: NATO: Coalition Forces Kill Nearly 100 Afghan Insurgents. Five NATO  troops are injured in the fighting.

2014: India pays low-key Gandhi tribute 30 years after assassination. No ministers of India’s new government attended the event honouring Gandhi, gunned down by Sikh bodyguards on October 31, 1984

2014: India’s technology capital Bangalore will be formally known as Engaluru, eight years after the state first proposed the name change

On 29 October in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 29, 2019

1981: Birth of Reema Sen, Indian actress

1988: Pakistan’s general Rahimuddin Khan resigns from his post as governor of Sindh, following the effort by president Ghulam Ishaq Khan to limit the powers Rahimuddin had accumulated

1988: Death of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Indian activist, born on April 3, 1903

1999: Super-cyclone wreaks havoc in India

2005: Delhi bombings kill more than 60

2006: In Bangladesh, prime minister Khaleda Zia is forced to quit and president Lajuddin Ahmed assumes this function up to January 2007

2006: Sri Lanka government negotiations in Geneva with Tamil separatists fail

2013: India and Pakistan agree to observe calm along the Sialkot-Jammu working boundary after days of skirmishes which have been the worst in a decade

2014: A special tribunal in Bangladesh sentences the head of the country’s Jamaat-e-Islami party to death for his role in the deaths of thousands during the nation’s independence war against Pakistan in 1971

On 28 October in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 28, 2019

1627: Death of Nuruddin Jahangir, Mughol emperor, born on September 20, 1569


1950: Second Indian protest after Tibet invasion by communist China

2001: Christians killed in Pakistan massacre

2008: Mohamed Nasheed beats Maumoon Abdul Gayoom in the first democratic  presidential election in the Maldives,_2008

2009: A car bomb has exploded in a crowded market in the northwest  Pakistan’s city of Peshawar, killing at least 105 people and wounding about 100

2013: Death of Rajendra Yadav, Indian author, born on August 28, 1929

2015 : Nepal’s parliament elects communist lawmaker Bidhya Bhandari as the country’s first female president

2015 : A group of 10 Indian filmmakers return national awards in protest at what they say is a rising climate of intolerance, including prominent directors Dibakar Banerjee and Anant Patwardhani

On 27 October in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 27, 2019

1605: Death of Akbar the Great, Mughal emperor, born on October 14, 1542

1920: Birth of Kocheril Raman Narayanan, president of India (1997-2002) who died on November 9, 2005

Kocheril Raman Narayanan
1947: India accepts the Kashmir request to join the Union and its ask for protection against the Muslim rebellion. Indian troops are send

1958: Iskander Mirza, the first president of  Pakistan is deposed in a bloodless coup d’état by General Ayub Khan

1968: Birth of Dileep, Indian actor and Producer

1979: Mother Teresa is rewarded by the Peace Nobel Prize

2001: More than 5,000 Pakistan’s Islamists start to cross the Afghan border for helping the Taliban  in their jihad against United States

2006: Death of Ghulam Ishaq Khan, president of Pakistan (1988-1993), born on January 20, 1915

2013: Thousands of Kashmiri people observed a « black day » in Pakistani Kashmir, rallying at an event organised by Islamists against Indian « brutalities » and occupation of the Himalayan region.

On 26 October in South Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 26, 2019

1873: Birth of Abul Kashem Faslul Huq, Bengali statesman who died on  April 27, 1962

Abul Kashem Faslul Huq

1890: Birth of Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Indian journalist and independence fighter, born on March 25, 1931

Ganesh Shankar Vidyarti

1947: Hari Singh, the Maharaja of Kashmir asks to his kingdom to join Indian

1950: India strongly protests the invasion of Tibet by China

1962: After Chinese aggression, India government proclaims State of  emergency

1974: Birth of Raveena Tandon, Indian actress

1985: Birth of Asin Thottumkal, Indian actress

 2001: As a reward for their help in the fight against terrorism, Tokyo leaves all the applied sanctions on India and Pakistan after their  nuclear 1998 tests

2004: The final vote count in the Afghan presidential election give a  resounding victory to interim leader Hamid Karzai

2014: British troops have ended combat operations in Afghanistan as they and US troops handed over two huge adjacent bases to the Afghan military, 13 years after a US-led invasion to topple the Taliban