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Wars, conflicts and strategy on 23 March in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 23 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on March 23, 2019

 1757: During the Anglo-French war, British forces capture Chandernagore fort (in India) from the French
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1757_-_British_expedition_against_Chandernagore

1757-03-23 Capture de Chandernagor par la Royal Navy

1855: Treaty of Peshawar bsigned, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/14.htm

1885: The Battle of Phu Lam Tao, a politically-significant engagement during the Sino-French War (August 1884-April 1885), in which a French Zouave battalion was defeated by a mixed force of Chinese soldiers and Black Flags
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Phu_Lam_Tao

1895: Japanese forces defeat the Chinese garrison of the Pescadores Island
http://sinojapanesewar.com/Taiwan.htm

1901: Filipino nationalist leader Emilio Aguinaldo is captured
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1657/today-in-philippine-history-march-23-1901-general-aguinaldo-was-captured-by-the-americansb
http://www.freewebs.com/philippineamericanwar/captureofaguinaldo1901.htm

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

1931: Bhagat Singh and Rajguru  Sukhdev, Indian freedom fighters, embrass the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused

http://guruprasad.net/posts/martyrs-day-tribute-to-bhagat-singh-sukhdev-rajguru/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-march-1931-bhagat-singh-indian-revolutionary-died

1935: Signing of the constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_the_Philippines

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=190

1969: the Royal Lao Army launches a large attack (Cu Kiet Campaign) against the communists in the Plain of Jars/Xieng Khoang areas, supported by its own air units and the U.S. Air Force

1979: Signature of an Amity treaty between Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam control all Indochina

1984: Japanese Premier Nakasone in China,  up to March 31

1984-03 Nakasone en Chine

2007: Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war

2014: Korean and Chinese presidents reaffirm opposition to North Korean nukes pledging to work closely together for peninsular denuclearization
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20140324000014

On 23 March in South Asian history

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

ON 23 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 3, 2019

1757: During the Anglo-French war, British forces capture Chandernagore fort (in India) from the French
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1757_-_British_expedition_against_Chandernagore

1757-03-23 Capture de Chandernagor par la Royal Navy

1855: Treaty of Peshawar signed, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/14.htm

1889: The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India
http://www.alislam.org/introduction/index.html
http://www.muslim.org/hmga.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qadian

1931: Bhagat Singh and Rajguru  Sukhdev, Indian freedom fighters, embrass the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused

http://guruprasad.net/posts/martyrs-day-tribute-to-bhagat-singh-sukhdev-rajguru/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-march-1931-bhagat-singh-indian-revolutionary-died
http://zeenews.india.com/india/pakistan-displays-freedom-fighter-bhagat-singhs-case-file-for-the-first-time-2093848.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SdOgkD18Fco

1940: The Lahore Resolution (qarardad-e-Pakistan) or the then Qarandad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the annual general convention of the India Muslim League calling for a Muslim homeland
http://historypak.com/lahore-resolution-1940/
http://www.defence.pk/forums/social-issues-current-events/50871-march-23-1940-lahore-resolution.html
https://www.dawn.com/news/1322255/23rd-march-special-the-resolutions-after-the-resolution

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=190
http://www.sijo.in/?id=182

1956: Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. General governor Iskander Mirza becomes president of the Republic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_Constitution_of_1956

1956-03-23 Iskander Mirza président

1961: The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso refunds the Tibetan medical and astrology Institute at Dharamsala, India

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emraan_Hashmi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1STFM39vJ4

1997: First visit of the Dalai Lama to Taiwan. He stress the only religious meaning of this trip but is greeted by President Lee Teng-hui
http://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/23/world/taiwan-welcomes-the-dalai-lama-much-to-china-s-displeasure.html
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/550300/Dalai-Lama-hailed-on-first-visit-to-Taiwan.html?pg=all

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CfdqaAsG8o

2000: Death of Antony Padiyara, Indian cardinal, born on February 11, 1921
http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bpadiyara.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_Padiyara

2003: Abdul Majid Dar, former commander of Hezb-ul-Mujahedeen, the main separatist in Indian Kashmir,who had proposed to dialogue with New Delhi is assassinated
http://www.jammu-kashmir.com/insights/insight20030324a.html

2004: Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions, linked to the Communist Pary, holds its first conference in Hyderabad
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andhra_Pradesh_Federation_of_Trade_Unions

2007: Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war

2009: Police of China have arrested nearly 100 monks after what they describe as a riot by hundreds of Tibetans, according to state media
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932342245812956.html

2017 : Tamil writer Ashokamitran passes away
http://www.thehindu.com/books/tamil-writer-ashokamitran-passes-away/article17616921.ece?homepage=true

 

Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Republic Day

On 23 March in Southeast Asian history

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

ON 23 MARCH IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on March 23, 2019

1400: The Tran Dynasty of Vietnam is deposed after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule by General Ho Quy Ly
http://countrystudies.us/vietnam/9.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%E1%BB%93_Qu%C3%BD_Ly

Ho Quy Ly

1885: The Battle of Phu Lam Tao, a politically-significant engagement during the Sino-French War (August 1884-April 1885), in which a French Zouave battalion was defeated by a mixed force of Chinese soldiers and Black Flags
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Phu_Lam_Tao

1895: Birth of Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian, first Filipina to get a PH D, who died on March 13, 2001
http://www.famousfilipino.com/content/view/33/121/
http://firstfilipina.blogspot.com/2006/03/encarnacion-alzona.html

1901: Filipino nationalist Emilio Aguinaldo is captured
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1657/today-in-philippine-history-march-23-1901-general-aguinaldo-was-captured-by-the-americans
http://www.freewebs.com/philippineamericanwar/captureofaguinaldo1901.htm

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

1935: The US president approves the constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_the_Philippines

1957: Carlos P. Garcia becomes president of the Philippines up to December 1961
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/carlos-p-garcia

1958: Elections for the Cambodian National Assembly. The Sangkom Reash Niyum of prince Norodom Sihanouk wins all 61 seats
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangkum

1969: the Royal Lao Army launches a large attack (Cu Kiet Campaign) against the communists in the Plain of Jars/Xieng Khoang areas, supported by its own air units and the U.S. Air Force

1979: Signature of an Amity treaty between Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam control all Indochina

1997: A grenade attack at a political rally in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, kills 10 people and wounds 101 others, including Cambodia’s leading opposition politician and an American

2009: Malaysia’s government imposes a ban on two main opposition newspapers, ahead of key political developments. Harakah and Suara Keadilan have been told they cannot publish for the next three months, with immediate effect
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7959518.stm

2013: Death of Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic, born on December 1, 1926
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onofre_Corpuz

Onofre Corpuz

 2015: Death of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s first prime minister and architect of the tiny Southeast Asian city-state’s rapid rise from British tropical outpost to global trade and financial centre, aged 91
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32012346
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-12975980
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/22/lee-kuan-yew

On 23 March in Japan’s history

ON 23 MARCH IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on March 23, 2019

1336: Birth of Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan who died on March 12, 1374
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-K%C5%8Dgon

1548: Death of Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takedan Shingen
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Itagaki_Nobukata

Itagaki Nobukata

1861: Birth of Kanzo Uchimura, Japanese writer and evangelist who died on March 28, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uchimura_Kanz%C5%8D

1895: Japanese forces defeat the Chinese garrison of the Pescadores Island
http://sinojapanesewar.com/Taiwan.htm

1910: Birth of Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director who died on September, 6, 1998


http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000041/
http://www.criterion.com/explore/3-akira-Kurosawa
http://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/news-bfi/lists/akira-kurosawa-10-essential-films

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1STFM39vJ4

1935 : Manchuko, the Japanese puppet state in northeastern China, purchases the Chinese Eastern Railway from the Soviet Union

1942: US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=190

1945: Death of Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Japanese diplomat and General of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, born on July 7, 1891 (somes sources say March 26)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadamichi_Kuribayashi
http://ww2gravestone.com/general/kuribayashi-tadamichi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHqNV30NNZI

1984: Japanese Premier Nakasone in China,  up to March 31
https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/more-friends-foes-sino-japanese-relations-1984

1984-03 Nakasone en Chine

 

On 23 March in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 23 MARCH IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on March 23, 2019

851: Death of Zhou Chi, Chinese historian and politician, born in 793
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_Chi

1022: Death of Emperor Zhenzong, the third emperor of the Song Dynasty of China since 997, born on December 23, 968
http://www.nouahsark.com/en/infocenter/culture/history/monarchs/emperor_zhenzong_of_song_china.php

1678: Rebelle general Wu Sangui declares himself emperor of the Great Zhou dynasty with Hengzhou (now Hengyan in Hunan) as his capital
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Wu_Sangui
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3368.html

Wu Sangui

1885: The Battle of Phu Lam Tao, a politically-significant engagement during the Sino-French War (August 1884-April 1885), in which a French Zouave battalion was defeated by a mixed force of Chinese soldiers and Black Flags
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Phu_Lam_Tao

1895: Japanese forces defeat the Chinese garrison of the Pescadores Island
http://sinojapanesewar.com/Taiwan.htm

1938: Birth of Chang Chun-hsiung, twice prime minister of Taiwan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chang_Chun-hsiung

1961: The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso refunds the Tibetan medical and astrology Institute at Dharamsala, India

1974: Chinese jetliner arrives in New York in what is described as first civilian flight from Chinese mainland to United States

1984: Japanese Premier Nakasone in China,  up to March 31
https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/more-friends-foes-sino-japanese-relations-1984

1984-03 Nakasone en Chine

1996: In Taiwan, despite Beijing military pressures, President Lee Teng-hui easily wins (54 % of the votes), the first ever presidential election with universal suffrage. Peng Ming-min of PPD 21 %, Lin Yang-kang 14 %
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_China_presidential_election,_1996

1997: First visit of the Dalai Lama to Taiwan. He stress the only religious meaning of this trip but is greeted by President Lee Teng-hui
http://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/23/world/taiwan-welcomes-the-dalai-lama-much-to-china-s-displeasure.html
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/550300/Dalai-Lama-hailed-on-first-visit-to-Taiwan.html?pg=all

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CfdqaAsG8o

2000: In Taiwan, President Lee Teng-hui resigns as president of the Kuomintang and provisionnally replaced by Lien Chan (up to September)

2006: Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, bishop of Hong Kong is elevated cardinal
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4838634.stm

2007: Death of Mao Anqing, second son of Mao Zedong
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200704/03/eng20070403_363268.html

2009: Police of China have arrested nearly 100 monks after what they describe as a riot by hundreds of Tibetans, according to state media
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932342245812956.html

2014: Korean and Chinese presidents reaffirm opposition to North Korean nukes pledging to work closely together for peninsular denuclearization
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20140324000014

2014: Hundreds of protesters opposed to a trade pact with China invade Taiwan’s cabinet offices, marking a sharp escalation in a student-led movement against the island’s rapidly developing ties with the communist mainland
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/23/taiwan-protesters-invade-cabinet-offices-china-trade
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/03/protesters-invade-taiwan-cabinet-offices-201432315014510700.html

 

On 22 March in Asian history

ON 22 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 22, 2019

924: Birth of Dinh Bo Linh, the first emperor of Vietnam who died in 979
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinh_Bo_Linh

1212: Birth of Go-Horikawa, 86th Emperor of Japan (1221-1232) who died in August 1234
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Horikawa

1185: Battle of Yashima, victory of the Minamoto on the Taira
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yashima

1185-03-22 Yashima charge

1685: Death of Emperor Go-Sai of Japan, born on January 1, 1638
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Sai

1692: Chinese emperor Kangxi issues a Royal Decree allowing Catholic missionaries in China freedom to preach
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2463.html

1739: After some of his Persian troops are killed in occupied Delhi, Nader Shah orders his soldiers to plunder the city. During the course of one day 20,000 to 30,000 Indians are killed by the Persian troops, forcing Mohammad Shah to beg for mercy and stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peacock_Throne

1784: In Thailand, the Esmeralda Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wat_Phra_Kaew

1811: Birth of Sakuma Shozan, Japanese politician and scholar, assassinated on August 12, 1864
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakuma_Shozan

1869: Birth of Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino independence leader and first president of the Philippines who died on February 6, 1964
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/aguinaldo.html
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1028/today-in-philippine-history-march-22-1869-emilio-aguinaldo-was-born-in-kawit-cavite

Andrés Bonifacio

1896: Birth of He Long, Chinese marshal, who died on June 8, 1969
http://www.paulnoll.com/China/Long-March/Long-March-He-Long.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2623.html

1897: In the Philippines, by the Tejeros Convention, the Katipunan (KKK) rebellion establishes a government with Emilio Aguinaldo as president
http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/tejeros.html

1901: Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea

1907: Thousands of Indians living in South Africa follow the lead of Mohandas K. Gandhi engaging in a campaign of civil disobedience to protest their treatment by the government.

Gandhi 1905 Johanesburg

1907: Russians troops completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces

1913: Death of Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang after being mortally wounded at the Shanghai railway station two days before. He was 31
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-SungChia.html

1915 : The Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammad Jamalul Kiram, signs an agreement with the US governor of the Department of Mindano and Sulu, Frank W. Carpenter, renouncing his sovereignty over the Sulu archipelago.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1703/today-in-philippine-history-march-22-1915-the-sultan-of-sulu-relinquished-his-sovereignty-over-sulu

1916: The last Emperor of China, since December 12, 1915, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored
http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/bio/xyz/yuansh.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2980.html

1929: Birth of P. Ramlee, Malaysian actor, singer and song writer, who died on May 27, 1973
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._Ramlee

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymF__5CeZlI

1929: Birth of Yayoi Kusama, Japanese painter and scuptor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yayoi_Kusama
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Yayoi+Kusama&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvnsol&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=IgVqT8vFHcjRhAet59HYCA&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CB0Q_AUoAQ&biw=1249&bih=569

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wq0LXh3sais
http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/kusama_yayoi.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RegxhTu748

1940: Birth of Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian/American actor, who died on February 25, 1996
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haing_S._Ngor

1942: Sir Stanford Cripps, British statesman, arrives in India for talks with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence, in what will become known as the Cripps Mission


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cripps-and-gandhi-meet
http://www.historydiscussion.net/british-india/cripps-mission-march-1942-in-india-and-why-did-it-fail/2603
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A044

1957: Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_national_calendar

1962: Yun Bo-seon resigns as president of South Korea
http://www.ed.ac.uk/alumni/services/notable-alumni/alumni-in-history/yun-posun

1966: Birth of Song Kwang Sik, Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_Kwang-sik

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZKguU2WDNM

1966: Death of Chinese philosopher Ai Siqi, born in 1910
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ai_Siqi
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&sqi=2&ved=0CDwQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmarxistphilosophy.org%2FAntagonisticASQ.pdf&ei=U6kNVcfFGML0UovhgIAK&usg=AFQjCNFuwXRk1aq2fKn49_Y1vAqu5Pj0rA&sig2=HRsozPDSUppEiznBZ9HgpA

Ai Siqi

1967: In China, during the Cultural Revolution the People’s Liberation Army take the control of the plants and factories

1973: General Suharto, president of Indonesia, and only one candidate, is reelected for five years and will be reelected up to 1998

1974: The Viet Cong proposes a new truce with the U.S. and South Vietnam. The truce included general elections

1977: Death of A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader, born on October 1, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._K._Gopalan

1978: In Indonesia, General Suharto is reelected for a third term as President. He is the only one candidate

2005: Death of Gemini Ganesan, Tamil film star, born on November 17, 1920
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_Ganesan
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/22-march-2005-gemini-ganesan-tamil-film-star-died

2006: In the Philippines, beginning of the trial of former president Joseph Estrada charged to have illegally pocketed 77 million dollars during his tenure
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1063976.stm

2006-03-22 Estrada procès

2007: In Pakistan, the dismissal of the Supreme Judge Iftikar Muhammad Chaudry by General Musharraf causes important demonstrations by judges and members of the opposition

2007: Death of Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher, born on July 9, 1918
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppaluri_Gopala_Krishnamurti

2008: Ma Ying-jeou is elected as the new president of Taiwan with 58 % of the votes
http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Ma_Ying-jeou_wins_2008_Taiwan_presidential_election

2008-03-22 1622 Ma élu président

2009: South Africa’s embassy in New Delhi has denies travel documents to Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, barring him from attending a peace conference in Johannesburg
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20090322-130260.html

2012: The UN Human Rights Council adopts a resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate alleged abuses during the final phase of war with Tamil rebels.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17471300
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/03/22/world/asia/sri-lanka-war-crimes/index.html?hpt=ias_c2

2012: Top officials from the Communist Party of China (CPC) and Taiwan’s ruling Kuomintang (KMT) meet in Beijing for the first time since the KMT’s victory in the island’s leadership election in January
http://uscpf.org/v3/2012/03/23/hu-jintao-kmt-chairman-wu-po-hsiung-meet-in-beijing/

2013: 62 people are killed and 200 are injured after a fire destroys a camp containing Burmese refugees near Ban Mae, Thailand.
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/03/23/42-die-fire-thailand-refugee-camp
http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/62-myanmar-refugees-perish-in-fire-at-thailand-camp/article4541705.ece

2014: The Maldives hold parliamentary elections on schedule despite worries about the ability of the resort island’s turmoil-hit elections commission to stage the ballot successfully
http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/maldives-holds-parliamentary-polls-despite-delay-fear-554779
http://thecommonwealth.org/media/news/maldives-parliamentary-elections-2014-interim-statement

2014: Death of Yashwant Vithoba Chittal, Indian author, born on August 21, 1928
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/yashwant-chittal-dead/article5821000.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yashwant_Vithoba_Chittal

2014: Communist Party of the Philippines chairman Benito Tiamzon and his wife, the party’s secretary general Wilma Tiamzon, are arrested in a joint police and military operation
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/588186/red-leaders-captured
2014-03-22 Benito Tiamzon arrest

2015: Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena forms a national government incorporating the main opposition party in a bid to push through reforms and preserve political stability

2015: Sri Lanka’s new government confers for the firtst time the highest military rank of field marshal on retired army chief Sarath Fonseka, who had been jailed for alleged treason by the previous government
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/23/ex-army-chief-sarath-fonseka-jailed-for-treason-made-field-marshal-in-sri-lanka

2018: Ex-South Korean president Lee Myung-bak arrested ‘for taking US$10.2 million in bribes while in office’
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2138505/arrest-warranted-reportedly-issued-former-south-korean-president
http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=3045997
http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/837090.html

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 22 March in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 22 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on March 22, 2019

1185: Battle of Yashima, victory of the Minamoto on the Taira
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yashima

1185-03-22 Yashima charge

1739: After some of his Persian troops are killed in occupied Delhi, Nader Shah orders his soldiers to plunder the city. During the course of one day 20,000 to 30,000 Indians are killed by the Persian troops, forcing Mohammad Shah to beg for mercy and stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peacock_Throne

1897: In the Philippines, by the Tejeros Convention, the Katipunan (KKK) rebellion establishes a government with Emilio Aguinaldo as president
http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/tejeros.html

1901: Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea

1907: Russians troops complete the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces

1915 : The Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammad Jamalul Kiram, signs an agreement with the US governor of the Department of Mindano and Sulu, Frank W. Carpenter, renouncing his sovereignty over the Sulu archipelago.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1703/today-in-philippine-history-march-22-1915-the-sultan-of-sulu-relinquished-his-sovereignty-over-sulu

1942: Sir Stanford Cripps, British statesman, arrives in India for talks with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence, in what will become known as the Cripps Mission


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cripps-and-gandhi-meet
http://www.historydiscussion.net/british-india/cripps-mission-march-1942-in-india-and-why-did-it-fail/2603
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A044

1974: The Viet Cong proposes a new truce with the U.S. and South Vietnam. The truce included general elections

2012: The UN Human Rights Council adopts a resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate alleged abuses during the final phase of war with Tamil rebels.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17471300
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/03/22/world/asia/sri-lanka-war-crimes/index.html?hpt=ias_c2

2014: Communist Party of the Philippines chairman Benito Tiamzon and his wife, the party’s secretary general Wilma Tiamzon, are arrested in a joint police and military operation, military chief of staff General Emmanuel Bautista said
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/588186/red-leaders-captured
http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/353721/news/nation/top-cpp-leader-benito-tiamzon-and-wife-arrested-in-Cebu

2014-03-22 Benito Tiamzon arrest

 

On 22 March in South Asian history

ON 22 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 22, 2019

1739: After some of his Persian troops are killed in occupied Delhi, Nader Shah orders his soldiers to plunder the city. During the course of one day 20,000 to 30,000 Indians are killed by the Persian troops, forcing Mohammad Shah to beg for mercy and stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peacock_Throne

1907: Thousands of Indians living in South Africa follow the lead of Mohandas K. Gandhi engaging in a campaign of civil disobedience to protest their treatment by the government.

Gandhi 1905 Johanesburg

1942: Sir Stanford Cripps, British statesman, arrives in India for talks with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence, in what will become known as the Cripps Mission


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cripps-and-gandhi-meet
http://www.historydiscussion.net/british-india/cripps-mission-march-1942-in-india-and-why-did-it-fail/2603
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A044

1957: Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_national_calendar

1977: Death of A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader, born on October 1, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._K._Gopalan

2005: Death of Gemini Ganesan, Tamil film star, born on November 17, 1920
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_Ganesan
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/22-march-2005-gemini-ganesan-tamil-film-star-died

2007: In Pakistan, the dismissal of the Supreme Judge Iftikar Muhammad Chaudry by General Musharraf causes important demonstrations by judges and members of the opposition

2007: Death of Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher, born on July 9, 1918
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppaluri_Gopala_Krishnamurti

2009: South Africa’s embassy in New Delhi denies travel documents to Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, barring him from attending a peace conference in Johannesburg
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20090322-130260.html

2012: The UN Human Rights Council adopts a resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate alleged abuses during the final phase of war with Tamil rebels
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17471300
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/03/22/world/asia/sri-lanka-war-crimes/index.html?hpt=ias_c2

2014: The Maldives held parliamentary elections on schedule despite worries about the ability of the resort island’s turmoil-hit elections commission to stage the ballot successfully
http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/maldives-holds-parliamentary-polls-despite-delay-fear-554779
http://thecommonwealth.org/media/news/maldives-parliamentary-elections-2014-interim-statement

2014: Death of Yashwant Vithoba Chittal, Indian author, born on August 21, 1928
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/yashwant-chittal-dead/article5821000.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yashwant_Vithoba_Chittal

2015: Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena forms a national government incorporating the main opposition party in a bid to push through reforms and preserve political stability

2015: Sri Lanka’s new government confers for the firtst time the highest military rank of field marshal on retired army chief Sarath Fonseka, who had been jailed for alleged treason by the previous government
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/23/ex-army-chief-sarath-fonseka-jailed-for-treason-made-field-marshal-in-sri-lanka

 

On 22 March in Southeast Asian history

ON 22 MARCH IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on March 22, 2019

924: Birth of Dinh Bo Linh, the first emperor of Vietnam who died in 979
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinh_Bo_Linh

1784: In Thailand, the Esmeralda Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wat_Phra_Kaew

1869: Birth of Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino independence leader and first president of the Philippines who died on February 6, 1964
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/aguinaldo.html
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1028/today-in-philippine-history-march-22-1869-emilio-aguinaldo-was-born-in-kawit-cavite

Andrés Bonifacio

1897: In the Philippines, by the Tejeros Convention, the Katipunan (KKK) rebellion establishes a government with Emilio Aguinaldo as president
http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/tejeros.html

1915 : The Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammad Jamalul Kiram, signs an agreement with the US governor of the Department of Mindano and Sulu, Frank W. Carpenter, renouncing his sovereignty over the Sulu archipelago.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1703/today-in-philippine-history-march-22-1915-the-sultan-of-sulu-relinquished-his-sovereignty-over-sulu

1929: Birth of P. Ramlee, Malaysian actor, singer and song writer, who died on May 27, 1973
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._Ramlee

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymF__5CeZlI

1940: Birth of Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian/American actor, who died on February 25, 1996
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haing_S._Ngor

1973: General Suharto, president of Indonesia, and only one candidate, is reelected for five years and will be reelected up to 1998

1974: The Viet Cong proposes a new truce with the U.S. and South Vietnam. The truce included general élections

1978: In Indonesia, General Suharto is reelected for a third term as President. He is the only one candidate

2006: In the Philippines, beginning of the trial of former president Joseph Estrada charged to have illegally pocketed 77 million dollars during his tenure
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1063976.stm

2006-03-22 Estrada procès

2013: 62 people are killed and 200 are injured after a fire destroys a camp containing Burmese refugees near Ban Mae, Thailand.
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/03/23/42-die-fire-thailand-refugee-camp
http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/62-myanmar-refugees-perish-in-fire-at-thailand-camp/article4541705.ece

2014: Communist Party of the Philippines chairman Benito Tiamzon and his wife, the party’s secretary general Wilma Tiamzon, have been arrested in a joint police and military operation, military chief of staff General Emmanuel Bautista said
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/588186/red-leaders-captured
http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/353721/news/nation/top-cpp-leader-benito-tiamzon-and-wife-arrested-in-Cebu

2014-03-22 Benito Tiamzon arrest

 

On 22 March in Japan’s history

ON 22 MARCH IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on March 22, 2019

1212: Birth of Go-Horikawa, 86th Emperor of Japan (1221-1232) who died in August 1234
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Horikawa

1185: Battle of Yashima, victory of the Minamoto on the Taira
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yashima

1185-03-22 Yashima charge

1685: Death of Emperor Go-Sai of Japan, born on January 1, 1638
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Sai

1811: Birth of Sakuma Shozan, Japanese politician and scholar, assassinated on August 12, 1864
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakuma_Shozan

1901: Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea

1907: Russians troops completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces

1929: Birth of Yayoi Kusama, Japanese painter and sculptor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yayoi_Kusama
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Yayoi+Kusama&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvnsol&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=IgVqT8vFHcjRhAet59HYCA&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CB0Q_AUoAQ&biw=1249&bih=569

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wq0LXh3sais

http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/kusama_yayoi.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RegxhTu748