On 31 March in Asian history

1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa

ON 31 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on March 31, 2019

1074: Death of Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japanese regent, born in 992
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fujiwara_no_Yorimichi

1504: Birth of Guru Angad Dev, second Sikh guru who died on March 28, 1552
http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Guru_Angad_Dev
http://sites.google.com/site/guruangaddev/aboutguruangaddev

1521: The first mass in the Philippines is held on an Easter Sunday in an island named Mazaua (believed to be Limasawa). Limasawa thus became the birthplace of Roman Catholicism in the country
http://philippinehistoryblog.blogspot.fr/2013/05/first-mass-in-philippines.html#!/2013/05/first-mass-in-philippines.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Mass_in_the_Philippines

1521-03-31 First mass

1536: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshiteru, 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate (1546-1565) who died in June 1565
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Ashikaga_Yoshiteru

1787: Birth of Siam king Nangklao (Rama III)
http://whattodobangkok.com/thailand-royal-family/king-of-siam-rama-iii/
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Rama_III

Nangklao Rama III

1854: The commodore Perry and the shogun sign the Convention of Kanagawa opening the Japanese ports of Shimodo and Hakodate to US trade. It will be ratified on February 21, 1855
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kanagawa
https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured-documents/treaty-of-kanagawa

1854-03-31 Treaty of Kanagawa

1860: Death of Evariste Huc, French missionary in China and explorer in Mongolia and Tibet, born on August 1, 1813
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89variste_R%C3%A9gis_Huc
http://www.jeanguillemot.com/En/offres/Expedition_Evariste_Huc.htm

1865: Birth of Anandi Gopal Joshi, first Indian female physician who died on February 26, 1887
http://www.thebetterindia.com/10305/lesser-known-facts-behind-india-first-lady-doctor-anandi-joshi/
http://creative.sulekha.com/anandi-gopalrao-joshi-through-her-letters_544652_blog

Anandi Gopal Joshi

1899: Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, is captured by American forces
http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/americanscapturemalolos.htm

1904: During the British expedition to Tibet, massacre of Chumik Shenko, in which scores of Tibetans are killed by British Maxim guns
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet
http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC19040403.2.56

1904-03-31 Massacre de Chumik Shenko

1906: Birth of Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese Nobel Prize in Physics (1965) who died in July 1979
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1965/tomonaga-bio.html

Sin-Itiro Tomonaga

1915: Birth of Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese sergent discovered in the jungles of Guam 28 years after the war, who died on September 22, 1997
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoichi_Yokoi

1932: Birth of Nagisa Oshima, Japanese film director, who died on January 15, 2013
http://www.sensesofcinema.com/2004/great-directors/oshima/

1934: Birth of Kamala Surayya, Indian poet and author who died on May 31, 2009
http://www.poemhunter.com/kamala-das/biography/
http://www.islamicbulletin.org/newsletters/issue_19/embraced.aspx

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1KUXGRxjPNQ

1936: Birth of Dokumamushi Sandayu, Japanese actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1029098/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanday%C5%AB_Dokumamushi

1938: Birth of Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi from 1998 to 2013, governor of Kerala since March 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheila_Dikshit

1942: Japanese forces invade Christmas Island, then a British possession
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Christmas_Island
http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/revolt-on-christmas-island-20120313-1uy5q.html

1944: Japanese Navy Marshal Mineichi Koga dies in the crash of his plane
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mineichi_Koga

1959: The Dalai Lama who escaped from Lhasa on March 17, arrives to India


http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/31/newsid_2788000/2788343.stm
http://www.rediff.com/news/special/an-epic-journey-the-day-the-dalai-lama-came-to-india/20170321.htm
http://www.phayul.com/news/article.aspx?article=The+Dalai+Lama+arrives+in+India+-+2+historical+letters+of+1959&id=38856

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CGHS_T-4geY

1964: Birth of Paul Wong Koon-Chung, Hong Kong musician
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=4859

1968: President Johnson announces the end of the bombings on North Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/johnson-announces-bombing-halt

1970: Nine terrorists from the Japanese Red Army hijack Japan Airlines Flight 351 at Tokyo International Airport, wielding samurai swords and carrying a bomb
http://www.onthisdeity.com/31st-march-1970-%E2%80%93%C2%A0the-yodo-go-hijack/
http://www.hawaiilibrary.net/articles/japan_airlines_flight_351

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RsB90xXdlOU

1972: Death of Meena Kumari, Indian actress, born on August 1, 1932
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meena_Kumari
http://www.angelfire.com/film/meenakumari/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/31-march-1972-meena-kumari-legendary-indian-film-actress-died

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kx6_SiQ9cYI

1975: The important city of Da Nang is definitively controlled by the Vietnamese communists forces
http://partners.nytimes.com/library/world/asia/033075vietnam-danang.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2994.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eC73rZPH3Q

1977: Birth of Toshiya, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toshiya_(musician)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZZTOe4LZJQ

1979: The Chinese authorities put an end on the « Beijing Spring » and arrest around thirty antiestablishment protestors
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing_Spring
http://www.brasscheck.com/wei/call.html

1979 Wei Jingsheng arrest

1980: Birth of Maaya Sakamoto, Japanese singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maaya_Sakamoto
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=527

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-C9gjmhtxw

1984: Birth of Yanin Vismistananda, Thai actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yanin_Vismitananda

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7J2o2qAcDs

1993: The basic Law of the Special administrative Region of Macau is adopted by the Chinese National Congress, effective in December 1999
http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/details.jsp?id=6824
http://www.cecc.gov/resources/legal-provisions/the-basic-law-of-the-macao-macau-special-administrative-region-of-the-prc

1993: Death of Chichay, Filipino actress, born on January 21, 1918
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichay

1996: In Burma the National Convention is suspended
http://www2.irrawaddy.com/opinion_story.php?art_id=383

2002: Death of Moturu Udayam, Indian women’s rights activist, born on October 13, 1924
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moturu_Udayam

2005: Death of Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician, born on September 5, 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justiniano_Montano

2006: In Sri Lanka, the coalition supporting President Mahinda Rajapakse, The United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA) wins 225 of the 266 seats in the parliament. The main opposition party, the UNP gets 33 seats

2012: in Pattani, Thailand, at least 10 people are killed and more than 100 wounded as three bombs detonated in Thailand’s strife-torn far South
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/03/20123317429173143.html

2014: South Korea returns fire into North Korean waters after the North conducted live-fire drills near disputed sea boundary, with the White House and Kremlin expressing concern over North Korea’s actions and rhetoric
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/03/rival-koreas-trade-fire-across-sea-border-201433143345118512.html

2014: Death of Irene Fernandez, Malaysian human rights activist, born on April 18, 1946
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/02/world/asia/irene-fernandez-champion-of-oppressed-dies-at-67.html?_r=0

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lNTpMJ_KwsI

2014: United Nations judges order Japan to end whale hunts in the Antarctic after dismissing Japanese arguments that the hunting was carried out for scientific research purposes
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/10734305/UN-orders-Japan-to-halt-whaling-in-the-Antarctic.html
http://www.euronews.com/2014/03/31/un-court-bans-japanese-whaling-in-antarctic/

2014: A Pakistani court indicts former military ruler Pervez Musharraf for treason, a landmark move in a case seen as a test of civilian authority in a country long dominated by the military
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/10733886/Pervez-Musharraf-indicted-for-treason-by-Pakistani-court.html
http://www.voanews.com/content/treason-indictment-for-musharraf/1882742.html

2015: A Thai military court jails a man for 25 years for posting pictures on his Facebook page deemed insulting to Thailand’s monarchy, in one of the toughest such sentences in recent years
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/07/man-jailed-for-30-years-in-thailand-for-insulting-the-monarchy-on-Facebook
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-thailand-politics-idUSKBN0MR13720150331

2015: Malaysian police detains a prominent publisher and a website editor on sedition charges, the latest targets in a mounting tally of arrests that a senior opposition politician compared to an infamous 1987 political crackdown
http://www.themalaymailonline.com/what-you-think/article/on-the-arrest-of-tmi-5-foreign-correspondents-club-of-malaysia
http://www.ucanews.com/news/malaysia-arrests-five-journalists-under-sedition-act/73289

2016: Vietnam names veteran lawmaker and senior Communist Party official Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan first chairwoman of National Assembly
https://www.yahoo.com/news/vietnam-names-first-chairwoman-national-assembly-053035894.html
http://www.thanhniennews.com/politics/vietnam-has-first-chairwoman-of-parliament-60751.html

2017: Park Geun-hye, the former South Korean president, is arrested and jailed over a high profile corruption scandal that has  seen her ousted from office and prompted early elections
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/03/30/south-korean-ex-president-park-geun-hye-arrested-jailed-corruption/
http://www.arirang.co.kr/News/News_View.asp?nseq=202379
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2083625/court-approves-request-arrest-former-south-korean-president-park

 

Holidays and observances

 Thailand: King Nangklao Memorial Day



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