On 21 November in Asian history

Opium addict

ON 21 NOVEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on November 21, 2017

1009: Lý Công Uẩn is enthroned as emperor of Đại Cồ Việt, founding the Lý dynasty
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%BD_Th%C3%A1i_T%E1%BB%95

1011: Death of Emperor Reizei of Japan, born on June 12, 950
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Reizei
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Emperor_Reizei

1481: Death of Ikkyu Sojun, Zen head of Daitokuji temple at 87
http://buddhism.about.com/od/whoswhoinbuddhism/fl/Ikkyu-Sojun.htm
http://www.poetry-chaikhana.com/Poets/I/IkkyuSojunIk/index.html
http://www.elephantjournal.com/2013/07/the-story-of-ikkyu-founder-of-red-thread-zen-buddhism-daniel-scharpenburg/

1787: Signature of the Treaty of Versailles, an alliance signed between the French king Louis XVI and the Vietnamese Prince Nguyen Anh, the future Emperor Gia Long
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Versailles_(1787)

1787-11-21Treaty of Versailles

1811: Birth of Zeng Guofan, Chinese general who rised the Xiang Army to fight effectively against the Taiping Rebellion and restored the power of the Qing dynasty
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Qing/personszengguofan.html
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Zeng_Guofan

1859: Death of Yoshida Shōin, Japanese academic and politician, born on September 20, 1830
http://www.jref.com/history/yoshida-shoin/
http://ejmas.com/tin/tinart_hillsborough_0603.html

Yoshida Shoin

1878: During the  Second Afghan War, Battle of Ali Masjid, won by the British
http://britishbattles.com/second-afghan-war/ali-masjid.htm

1894: In a decisive victory of the Sino-Japanese war, Port Arthur, today Lüshun (Manchuria), falls to the Japanese. 20,000 servicemen and civilians are massacred
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Arthur_massacre_%28China%29
http://sinojapanesewar.com/PortArthur.htm

1898: The USA present to Spain an ultimatum for the cession of the Philippines
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1360/today-in-philippine-history-november-21-1898-the-americans-presented-an-ultimatum-for-the-cession-philippines

1917: Birth of Chung Il-kwon, PM of South Korea (1964-1970) who died on January 17, 1994
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chung_Il-kwon

1906 : China officially prohibites opium trade
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/history/om/om15.htm

Opium addict

1923: Birth of Xie Jin, Chinese film director, who died on October 18, 2008
http://www.dianying.com/en/person/XieJin
http://www.filmreference.com/Directors-Ve-Y/Xie-Jin.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xie_Jin

1926: Birth of Prem Nath, Indian actor and director who died on November 3, 1992
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/prem-nath.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=upPVrMuvI-Q

1933: Birth Mikijiro Hira, Japanese actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0386179/
http://www.jdorama.com/artiste.2041.htm

1951: Prince Souvanna Phouma, Laos Prime Minister for the first time, up to April 27, 1952 succeeding Phoui Sananicone
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/people/souvanna-phouma-prince.html

Souvannaphouma 2

1954: The People’s Action Party of Singapore is inaugurated
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/history/events/741da0eb-518a-49b9-9902-06fd499bd5ba
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19541122-1.2.4.aspx

1954-11-21 PAP founded

1959: Birth of Yee Chin-yen, Taiwanese film director
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0947140/
http://www.cinemasie.com/fr/fiche/personne/chihyenyee/

1959: North Vietnam declares that the Japan-South Vietnam compensation accord completely invalid

1962: The Chinese People’s Liberation Army unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War becomes effective
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21st-november-1962-china-declares-unilateral-ceasefire-in-the-sino-indian-war
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/warsinasia/fl/The-Sino-Indian-War-1962.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GWts4wuuqkk

1963: The Liberal Democratic Party, in power since 1955, wins the general elections in Japan
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Japanese_general_election,_1963

1964: Birth of Yumiko Shibata, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yumiko_Shibata

1965: Birth of Yuriko Yamaguchi, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuriko_Yamaguchi_(voice_actor)
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=1072

1967: During the Vietnam War, American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: « I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing. »

1969: US president Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Sato agree on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972 and that the US will keep bases there. The official agreement will be signed on December 2

1970: Operation Ivory Coast: A joint Air force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp to free US pilots captured by communist Vietnamese, but failed
http://www.psywarrior.com/sontay.html
http://home.earthlink.net/~aircommando1/SONTAYRA1.htm
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/ivory_coast.htm
 

1970-11-21 Son Tay

1970: Death of Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian Nobel Prize in physics born in November 1888
http://www.famousscientists.org/c-v-raman/

1971: Battle of Atgram between Indian and Pakistani forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Atgram

1971: Indian troops, partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas), defeat the Pakistan army in the battle of Garibpur
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukti_Bahini
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Garibpur

1972: Voters in South Korea overwhelmingly approve a new constitution, giving legitimacy to Park Chung-hee and the Fourth Republic
http://pages.rediff.com/fourth-republic-of-south-korea/995908#!info
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth_Republic_of_South_Korea

1973: Birth of Alice Chan (Chan Wai), Hong Kong  actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Alice_Chan

1975: The governments of Hanoi and Saigon agree on the a quick fusion to assure the unification of Vietnam

1979: A mob, in the Pakistani capital Islamabad burns the US embassy to the ground of a five-hour attack in which a US is killed
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/21/newsid_4187000/4187184.stm

1979: Birth of Kim Dong Wan, Korean singer (Shinhwa)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Dong_Wan
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Kim_Dong-wan.php
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2l8sq_kim-dong-wan-handkerchief-live_music

1980: Birth of Elaine Yiu, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elaine_Yiu
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=13520

1992: Death of Kaysone Phomvihane, president of Laos since 1991
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaysone_Phomvihane

1996: Death of Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate, born on January 29, 1926
http://www.nobel-winners.com/Physics/abdus_salam.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uA3n2FCthU&feature=related

1998: In Bangkok, death of Filipino General Fabian Ver, responsible for the assassination of opposition leader Nino Aquino
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fabian_Ver

2001: Death of the king of Malaysia, sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz shah (75 years old). His successor is the sultan of Terengganu, Mizan Zainal Abidin, 39 years old.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1667749.stm
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/11/22/world/salahuddin-abdul-aziz-75-malay-king-and-islamic-leader.html

2002: Death of Japanese Prince Takamato (Norihito), born in 1954
http://joi.ito.com/weblog/2002/11/23/hih-prince-taka.html

2002: After the USA stopped the delivering of fuel to Pyongyang, North Korea declares that the nuclear pact signed in 1994 with Washington is null and void

2003: Gaudencio Rosales is enthroned as Cardinal Archibishop of Manila (up to October 13, 2011)
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Card-Gaudencio-B.-Rosales-(Profile)-5464.html

2004: In Singapore, the People Action Party celebrates its 50th anniversary of its creation in the presence of Lee Kuan Yew its founder

2006: Historic Peace accord between Nepal’s Premier Girija Prasad Koirala and Prachanda,  head of the maoist guerrilla. The civil war caused more than 12,500 dead in ten years

2006: Hu Jintao is the first Chinese head of state to visit India
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6158824.stm
http://www.idsa.in/idsastrategiccomments/HuJintaosIndiaVisitBoostsSinoIndianRelations_JPPanda_301106.html

2009: The Sri Lankan president, says the Tamil detainees, numbering about 136,000, will be free to return to their villages after December 1. He said the camps would be completely closed by January 31
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/11/200911219933906785.html

2011: Cambodia begins trial of Khmer Rouge leaders
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2011/11/2011112141320240647.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15814519

2011: Thai Justice minister rules out Thaksin pardon
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/politics/Justice-minister-rules-out-Thaksin-pardon-30170289.html

2011: Japanese judges have upheld the death sentence against the final member of a doomsday cult to be charged over the 1995 sarin gas attack on Tokyo’s metro
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15815056

2013: Death of Tôn Thất Đính, South Vietnamese general, born on November 20, 1926
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%B4n_Th%E1%BA%A5t_%C4%90%C3%ADnh

2014: Death of Wang Kun, Chinese actress and singer, born in 1925
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Kun_(singer)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swnJSKv8T-k

2015 : Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed of the Jammat-e-Islami party and Salauddin Quader Chowdhury of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) are executed for war crimes
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/11/bangladesh-executes-opposition-leaders-151121145034814.html

 

Holidays and observances

Bangladesh: Armed Forces Day



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