On 21 February in Asian history

1972-02-21 Nixon arrive en Chine

ON 21 FEBRUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on February 21, 2018

1184: In Japan, Minamoto no Yoshinaka is killed during the Battle of Awazu
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Awazu
http://www.historyoffighting.com/tomoe-gozen.php
 

1795: The Dutch give up Ceylon to the British

1846: Death of the 120th Japanese emperor Ninko (1817-1846), born on 16 March 1800
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Nink%C5%8D

1849: In India, the British defeat the Sikhs at Gujrat
https://www.britishbattles.com/second-sikh-war/battle-of-goojerat/

http://pakgeotagging.blogspot.fr/2014/05/the-battle-of-gujrat-it-took-british.html

http://www.mcgonagall-online.org.uk/gems/the-battle-of-gujrat

1853: Birth of Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo, Filipino painter who died on March 13, 1913
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F%C3%A9lix_Resurrecci%C3%B3n_Hidalgo
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/945/today-in-philippine-history-february-21-1853-felix-resurreccion-hidalgo-was-born-in-binondo-manila

Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo

1875: The murder of the British diplomat and explorer Augustus Raymond Margary cause a crisis between China and The United Kingdom. The “Margary Affair” will end with the Chefoo Convention signed on August 21, 1876
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margary_Affair
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/bulletin-of-the-school-of-oriental-and-african-studies/article/margary-affair-and-the-chefoo-agreement-by-wang-s-t-pp-ix-138-oxford-university-press-1940-7s-6d/50707D81C5C91646D80FB1C1375AD839

1878: Birth of The Mother (Mirra Alfassa), Indian spiritual leader who died on November 17, 1973
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirra_Alfassa
http://www.auroville.org/contents/533
http://www.jewage.org/wiki/he/Article:Mirra_Alfassa_-_Biography

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NM1TXTNiONw

1887: Birth of Japanese General Korechika Anami, who committed suicide on August 15, 1945
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korechika_Anami

1896: Birth of Suryakant Tripathi, Indian Poet, who died on October 15, 1961
http://www.poemhunter.com/suryakant-tripathi-nirala/biography/
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/suryakant-tripathi.html

1914: White Wolf Bandits troops attack Zhanjiang China
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/pai-lang.htm

1914: Birth of Park Su-geun, South Korean painter who died on May 6, 1965
http://world.kbs.co.kr/english/archive/program/program_koreanstory.htm?no=115602
http://www.arirang.co.kr/News/News_View.asp?nseq=156158
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Park+Su-geun&biw=1301&bih=641&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=NZjnVLHeI8e7UeGmgtAN&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAg

Park Su-geun

1945: Japanese kamikaze planes sink escort carrier Bismarck Sea and damage the Saratoga
http://derekconant.com/iad/maritime_resource/historical_documentation_center/usa/aircraft_carriers/uss_bismarck_sea_cv95/captain_john_l_pratt/

1949: In Indonesia, Tan Malaka, nationalist and communist leader, is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying
http://www.marxists.org/archive/malaka/index.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tan_Malaka

1950: Bloody riots in West Bengal (India)

1951: In China, a law to punish the counter-revolutionaries leads to a one year terror campaign causing more than one million people killed
http://chineseposters.net/themes/counterrevolutionaries.php
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_to_Suppress_Counterrevolutionaries

1952: Nehru’s Congress party wins the first general election in India
http://www.elections.in/parliamentary-constituencies/1951-election-results.html
http://indiansaga.com/history/postindependence/elections.html
http://scroll.in/article/659860/Rare-images-of-independent-India’s-first-general-election-in-1952

1952: In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) police opens fire on a procession of students demanding the establishment of Bengali as the official language, killing four peoples and starting a country-wide protest which led to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national language of Pakistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengali_Language_Movement

1957: Sukarno formally proposes « guided democracy » in a speech
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guided_Democracy_in_Indonesia

1965: In South Vietnam, the Armed Forces Council dismissed General Khanh as chairman and as commander of the armed forces. General Lam Van Phat replaces him. The next day, Khanh announces that he had accepted the council’s decision, after which he was appointed a « roving ambassador, » assigned first to go to the United Nations
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/south-vietnamese-coup-unsuccessful
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguy%E1%BB%85n_Kh%C3%A1nh

http://www.britishpathe.com/video/general-khanh-arrives-in-america/query/China

1970: Communist Pathet Lao guerilla seizes  Xieng Khuang and Muong Suy in central Laos
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/pathet-lao.html

1970: Kissinger begins secret talks with North Vietnamese negotiator Le Duc Tho
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kissinger-begins-secret-negotiations-with-north-vietnamese

1973 Paris-Peace negot

1972: Birth of Seo Taiji, Korean musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seo_Taiji

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQR-yMJPr98

1972: US president Richard Nixon starts his historical visit to China (up to February 28)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/21/newsid_2728000/2728761.stm

http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/feb-20-1972-president-nixon-visits-china-9411161
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-arrives-in-china-for-talks
http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/107545-1
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1409.html

1972-02-21 Nixon arrive en Chine

1972: Death of Zhang Guohua, Chinese general and politician, born in October 1914
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Guohua

1973: Birth of Bowie Tsang, Taiwanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bowie_Tsang

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_e0aJUNjufM

1973: A ceasefire is signed for Laos

1976: Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, at China’s invitation, for a nine-day visit, during which he will meet with Mao Zedong on February 24. The visit is a clear demonstration of China’s disenchantment with President Ford.

1976-02-24 Mao Nixon

1978: Birth of Kim Ha-neul, South Korean actress
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Kim_Ha-neul.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yad5eaEdP3o

1978: Birth of Park Eun-hye, South Korean actress
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Kim_Ha-neul.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PrNvCXqhmeY

1980: Birth of Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, 5th king of Bhutan since December 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jigme_Khesar_Namgyal_Wangchuck

1981: Birth of Jun Kaname, Japanese actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jun_Kaname

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NieEGWI9Wn4

1983: Marshal Ye Jianying, 85, is forced by Deng Xiaoping to resign as chief of State of China
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/yejianying.shtml

1991: Death of Nutan Behl, Indian actress, born on June 4, 1936
http://www.rediff.com/entertai/2002/feb/05din.htm
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0638295/bio

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yaFpXV9UPOo

1999: India’s Prime Minister Atal Bihair Vajpayee concluded two days of meeting with Pakistan’s Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif. Declaration of Lahore
http://www.nti.org/treaties-and-regimes/lahore-declaration/
http://storyofpakistan.com/the-lahore-declaration/
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CDEQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usip.org%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Ffile%2Fresources%2Fcollections%2Fpeace_agreements%2Fip_lahore19990221.pdf&ei=VJ_nVIK3OMP5UPiTguAF&usg=AFQjCNFKGo3lYYhqlCNQsVKzogNFFNy5VA&sig2=8L4k8zbFpokkS7GzfoGZAA

2001: China publishes a new White Paper on Taiwan threatening of a military intervention

2002: First official visit of US president George W. Bush in China
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/zhuanti/Zhuanti_237.html
http://www.c-span.org/video/?168772-1/uschina-joint-news-conference

2007: According to a United Nations representative investigating on 887 political killings in the Philippines, the military is involved in the killing of 356 leftist personalities

2010: Albader Parad, one of the Philippines’s most wanted Abu Sayyaf leaders, is killed in fighting with the military in the country’s south
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/02/20102217219857969.html

2013: Japan carries out three executions – the first since the country’s conservative prime  minister, Shinzo Abe, was elected last December, and a sign that Tokyo will defy international pressure to abolish the death penalty
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/feb/21/japan-executions-resume-three-hangings
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21528526

2013: Twin bomb blasts kill 17 people in Hyderabad
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-21537197
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Hyderabad_blasts
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-february-2013-twin-bomb-blasts-killed-17-people-in-hyderabad

2014: Obama hosts Dalai Lama at White House. The US leader vowed « strong support » for the protection of Tibetans’ human rights in China during the encounter
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-26271596
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/21/china-us-barack-obama-dalai-lama

2015: Indonesia recalls its new ambassador to Brazil after the South American country postponed a ceremony sealing his appointment, Jakarta said on Saturday, amid a row over the execution of a Brazilian national for drugs trafficking
http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/indonesia-recalls-ambassador-brazil-death-penalty-spat/
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/02/21/brazil-s-overreaction-puts-diplomatic-ties-risk.html

 

Holidays and observances

Bangladesh: Language Movement Day



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