On 20 March in Asian history

ON 20 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 20, 2017

673: Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Tenmu

1127: Jin troops summon the Song emperor Qinzong and his father Huizong, two captured emperors, to their camps on a directive from Taizong. Beginning of weeks of looting, rapes, arson and execution of prisoners of war and civilians

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, famous Japanese general, born in 1118
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Kiyomori

1351: Death of Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi since 1324. Born in 1290 http://www.newindianexpress.com/education/student/article1377184.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Tughluq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1U8K_XTGoq0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5I43PJh_aT8

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/explore-the-collection/timeline-dutch-history/1602-trade-with-the-east-voc
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-march-1602-the-dutch-east-india-company-was-established
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFbR5mc3AaQ
 VOC

1736: Birth of Chao Phraya Chakri who founded the current Chakri dynasty in Thailand in April 1782 (Rama I) and died in September 1809
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Rama_I
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rama_I

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi and sacks the city, stealing the jewel of the Peacock Throne. 30,000 civilians are killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah’s_invasion_of_Mughal_India
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/afsharids/afsharids.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takht_e_Taus

1833: US and Siam sign a treaty of amity and commerce
http://naturalhistory.si.edu/treasures/frame_exhibit_gallery1_main.htm

1865: Death of Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai, born in 1833
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamanami_Keisuke

1881: Birth of Chinese scholar Zhang Shizhao
http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/zhang_shizhao
http://www.thechinastory.org/2013/07/zhang-shizhao-%E7%AB%A0%E5%A3%AB%E9%92%8A-on-appreciating-difference/

Zhang Shizhao

1900: US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an ‘open door’ policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.

1902: France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/anglojapanesealliance1902.htm

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

1913: Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies two days later
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/47History7237.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2763.html

1923: Birth of Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani author, Journalist and political activist who died on December 18, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaukat_Siddiqui

1926: Chiang Kaishek (Jiang Jieshi), then head of the KMT military, launches a coup to take over power in the Guomindang. In the process, he ousted many communists who had been a part of the Guomindang-Communist alliance

1935: Death of Hayami Gyoshu, Japanese painter, born on August 2, 1894
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyosh%C5%AB_Hayami
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Hayami+Gyoshu&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvnso&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=GWNnT4_mHeGg0QW6_qywCA&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBQQ_AUoAQ&biw=1192&bih=543

1942: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: « I came out of Bataan and I shall return »

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEbwuehH35I

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1946: Death of Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), born on February 28, 1911
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Hamzah

1951: Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darul_Islam_Rebellion
http://www.academia.edu/8303411/The_History_of_Darul_Islam_DI_and_Kartosuwiryo

1952: The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with restoring of sovereignty for Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_Treaty_Between_the_United_States_and_Japan

1956: Indonesian Assembly (DPR) convenes. PNI-Masyumi-NU coalition forms government. Ali Sastroamidjojo is Prime Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Sastroamidjojo

1965: That day, and later in April, fighting broke out between India and Pakistan. Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani war with first large scale offensive on August 5

1966: Birth of Alka Yagnik, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alka_Yagnik

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzTz7wUzm8E

1967: Birth of Yukito Kishiro, mangaka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yukito_Kishiro
http://jajatom.moo.jp/E-top/frame.html

1969: US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970

1973: Birth of Jung Woo-sung, Korean actor
http://men.stareastasia.com/jung-woo-sung/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PswpcCTo6RQ

1977: The Indian Congress Party of Indira Gandhi loses the general elections against the newly founded Janata Party. Morarji Desai is charged to form a new government
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/once-upon-a-poll-sixth-lok-sabha-election-1977/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRrL5DT2cag

1980: Birth of Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ock_Ju-Hyun
http://gallery.asianfanatics.net/index.php?act=thumbs&aid=2198

1987: Birth of Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangna_Ranaut

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bog97cmpADs

1990: Ferdinand Marcos’s widows, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement and racketing
http://www.who2.com/imeldamarcos.html

1990: Birth of Joaquin Maria Gutierrez, Filipino violinist
http://maps.thefullwiki.org/Joaquin_Maria_Gutierrez

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvL3bzqj3Jg

1991: Khaleda Zia first women to become PM in Bangladesh up to March 1996
http://www.virtualbangladesh.com/culture/people-of-bangladesh/khaleda-zia/

1991-03-20 Khaleda Zia PM

1995: A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 12 and wounds 1,300 persons
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0320.html#article
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/tokyo-subways-are-attacked-with-sarin-gas
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18455007

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMWSGwtZslo

2004: Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian is reelected with less than 30,000 votes (50,11 %) more than Lien Chan (49,89 %)
http://www.taiwandc.org/elec2004.htm
http://www.c-span.org/video/?181926-1/taiwanese-presidential-inauguration

 2004-03-20

2008: Death of Shoban Babu, Indian actor
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Telugu-actor-Shobhan-Babu-dead/articleshow/2886201.cms
http://entertainment.oneindia.in/celebs/sobhan-babu/biography.html

 

2009: China’s president Hu Jintao urges North Korea to restart stalled negotiations on dismantling its nuclear program saying he hopes all sides would work to « resolve their differences »
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932034959624870.html

2010: Girija Prasad Koirala, the former Nepalese prime minister who brokered the peace deal that ended a bloody 10-year civil war, died at age 85
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/03/201032010933326692.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8577669.stm

2013: Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman, a veteran ruling party politician named to the largely ceremonial post in 2009, dies in a Singapore hospital
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20130320-410090.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/2013320123245762582.html
http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/03/20/zillur-rahman-dies

2013: The United States has violated Pakistan’s sovereignty and destroyed tribal structures with unmanned aerial drone strikes in its counterterrorism near the Afghan border, a UN human rights investigator says http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/201331523115707202.html

2014: Death of Khushwant Singh, Indian writer who won fame for a book on partition of the subcontinent as well as his once-daring descriptions of sex,
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2014/03/journalist-khushwant-singh-dies-201432075235300829.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26661491

 

Holidays and observances

Japan: Shunbun no Hi, a national holiday



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