On 20 January in Asian history

ON 20 JANUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on January 20, 2019

1435: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (1449-1473) who died in January 1490
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashikaga_Yoshimasa

1785: Invading Siamese forces attempt to exploit the political chaos in Vietnam, but are ambushed and annihilated at the Mekong River by the Tay Son in the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút
http://pages.rediff.com/battle-of-r——ch-g——m-xo—-i-m—-t/1208018#!info
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_R%E1%BA%A1ch_G%E1%BA%A7m-Xo%C3%A0i_M%C3%BAt

1785-01-20 Battle of Rạch Gầm Xoài Mút

1841: End of the first Opium war, Convention of Chuanbi by which Great-Britain gets 6 million dollars as compensation, the reopening of Canton (Guangzhou) and the transfer of Hong Kong (120 km2, 3 000 inhabitants)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hong-kong-ceded-to-the-british
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_of_Chuenpee

1842-01 firt Opium War

1841: Death of Minh Mang, the second emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty of Vietnam born on Feburuary 14, 1791
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minh_Mang_(emperor)

1853: The British proclamation of annexation of Burma is issued. Thus the Second Burmese War is brought to an end without any treaty being signed
http://www.gktoday.in/second-anglo-burmese-war/

1872: In the Philippines, the so-called Cavite Mutiny takes place
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/891/today-in-philippine-history-january-20-1872-the-cavite-mutiny-took-place
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1872_Cavite_mutiny

1877: Death of Dato Maharajalela Lela, Malay nationalist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dato_Maharaja_Lela

1887: The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.

1895: Beginning of the 23 day siege of Weihaiwei (China) by the Japanese forces
http://sinojapanesewar.com/weihai.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Weihaiwei

1896: Death of Graciano Lopez Jaena, Filipino hero, orator and satirist, of turbeculosis, born in January 1856
http://www.univie.ac.at/Voelkerkunde/apsis/aufi/history/jaena.htm

1898: Birth of U Razak, Burmese politician, chairman of the Burma Muslim Congress, assassinated in July 1947
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Razak

1899: In the Philippines, the Schurman Commission is created
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/892/today-in-philippine-history-january-20-1899-the-schurman-commission-was-created
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schurman_Commission

1915: Birth of Ghulam Ishaq Khan, president of Pakistan (1988-1993) who died on October 27, 2006
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P022

1920: Birth of Filipino General Fabian Ver, who died on November 21,  1998
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fabian_Ver
http://www.nytimes.com/1984/10/25/world/a-filipino-on-the-spot.html

1924: In China, first KMT-CPC cooperation as KMT first National People’s Congress convenes
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/436.html
http://www.heavenlyfoods.org/ChineseHistory/Modern_Period/First%20Round%20of%20KMT-CPC%20Cooperation.aspx

1925: Birth of Jamiluddin Aali, Pakistani poet, essayist and columnist
http://pakistaniat.com/2009/04/24/jamiluddin-aali-hilal-e-imtiaz-pakistan/

1925: The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet%E2%80%93Japanese_Basic_Convention
 
1926: Birth of Qurratulain Hyder, Indian novelist who died on August 21, 2007
https://www.loc.gov/acq/ovop/delhi/salrp/hyder.html

1931: Birth of Sawako Ariyoshi, Japanese writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sawako_Ariyoshi
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7762851

1931: Birth of Hachidai Nakamura, Japanese songwriter and pianist who died on June 10, 1992
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hachidai_Nakamura

Hachidai Nakamura

1934: Japan brings back Puyi to Manchukuo
https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Manchukuo.html
http://www.royalty.nu/Asia/China/PuYi.html

1932-Mandchoukuo[1]

1939: Birth of Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan astronomer
http://www.buckingham.ac.uk/directory/professor-chandra-wickramasinghe/
http://esciencecentral.org/editor/Chandra_Wickramasinghe/

1940: Birth of Krishnam Raju, Indian actor and politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishnam_Raju
http://www.idlebrain.com/news/2000march20/chitchat-krishnamraju.html
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/krishnam-raju/biography.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LylqqD5Khao

1942: Japanese start air raid on Rabaul, New Britain
http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-new-britain-rabaul
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Rabaul_(1942)

1945: The Burma Road, a highway in southeastern Asia, extending about 1,125 km from the railhead of Lashio ( Burma), to Kunming (capital of Yunnan Province), cut by the Japanese is reopened

1949: Afro-Asian meeting in New-Delhi aimed to support the Republic of Indonesia

1955: Birth of  Hiromi Ota, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiromi_%C5%8Cta

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiEQQJ5YMJQ

1958: Birth of Hiroaki Zakoji, Japanese composer and pianist who died on January 29, 1987
http://www.ezakoji.com/

1963: Indonesian Foreign minister announces that Indonesia would pursue a policy of Konfrontasi with Malaysia

1964: In Jars Plain, meeting between  laotian Prime Minister Souvanna Phouma and the leader of communist Pathet Lao Souphanouvong

1969: East Pakistani police kill student activist Amanullah Asaduzzaman. The resulting outrage is in part responsible for the Bangladesh Liberation War
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanullah_Asaduzzaman

Amanullah Asaduzzaman

1972: Pakistan launched its Nuclear weapons program few weeks after its defeat in Bangladesh Liberation War and Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

1974: End of the battle between Chinese and Vietnamese navies in Paracels archipelago which is sized by the Chinese
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Paracel_Islands
http://paracelspratlyislands.blogspot.com/2008/01/chinese-aggression-of-paracels.html

1974: Birth of Fuyuko Matsui, Japanese painter
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuyuko_Matsui
http://www.google.fr/search?q=fuyuko+matsui&nord=1&tbm=isch&source=lnms&sa=X&ei=A_DbUvLQDOmT0AWWhYGwCA&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=1366&bih=628&dpr=1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U-ExreP3NSQ

1978: Australia recognizes the East-Timor integration in Indonesia

1979: Birth of Asaka Kubo, Japanese gravure idol of the 20th century
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asaka_Kubo

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LS1e41zPCkY

1980: Birth of Kim Jeong-hoon, South Korean singer and actor
http://kimjeonghoonnews.blogspot.fr/

1983: Birth of Mari Yaguchi, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mari_Yaguchi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1b8wg1DW1Y4

1984: Birth of Toni Gonzaga, Filipina actress and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toni_Gonzaga

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TvkU5xXNHFQ

1986: Birth of Genie Chuo, Taiwanese singer and actress
http://www.jpopasia.com/celebrity/geniechuo/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfWCKhiwH-Q

1988: Second meeting between Prince Sihanouk and pro-Vietnam Cambodian leader Hun Sen in Saint-Germain-en-Laye (France)

1988: Death of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pashtun Nationalist and non-violent freedom fighter, born in 1889
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/KhanAbdul.html
http://www.kamat.com/database/biographies/khan_abdul_gaffar_khan.htm

1989: Death of Alamgir Kabir, Bangladeshi film director, born in December 1938
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alamgir_Kabir

1990: Death of Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, uncle of emperor Hirohito and first Prime Minister after the war in 1945
http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/349.html
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE7DD1230F930A15752C0A966958260

prince Narukiko Higashikuni

2001: After the Philippines armed forces withdraw their support, President Joseph Estrada is dismissed and replaced by vice-president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1063976.stm

2005: Death of Parveen Babi, Indian actress, born on April 9, 1949
http://www.sepiamutiny.com/sepia/archives/000968.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-january-2005-parveen-babi-indian-actress-died
http://hamaraphotos.com/parveen_babi_891.html

2006: A 2,000-page report to the  United Nations General Secretary accuses the Indonesian army of killing from 100,000 to 180,000 victims during the 25 years of occupation of East-Timor by murders, rapes, organized starvation and chemical weapons
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1508119.stm
https://www.themonthly.com.au/monthly-essays-mark-aarons-truth-death-diplomacy-east-timor-commission-s-report-confirms-australian-

2012: France suspends its training programmes for Afghan troops after an Afghan army soldier opened fire in eastern part of the country, killing four French soldiers
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/01/201212085958596644.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/21/world/europe/sarkozy-weighs-afghan-withdrawal-after-4-french-troops-killed.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.france24.com/en/20120120-france-suspends-afghan-military-mission-after-attack-troops-sarkozy

2012: The Bangladesh army has foiled a plan to bring down the government of Sheikh Hasina, the prime minister, according to a military spokesman. Around 16 former and active officers were involved in the plot
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/01/2012119105036344988.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16627852

2013: Death of Toyo Shibata, Japanese poet, born on June 26, 1911
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/toyo-shibata-poet-who-published-her-first-collection-at-the-age-of-98-8462093.html

2016: Popular Telugu film director E V V Satyanarayana, known for his comedy films, died of cardia arrest. He was 53
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/others/news-interviews/EVV-Satyanarayana-passes-away/articleshow/7339620.cms



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