On 13 August in Asian history

ON 13 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Upgrated on August 13, 2017

604: Death of Wendi, Chinese emperor of the Sui Dynasty, born on July 21, 541
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Wen_of_Sui
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/7834.html

1536: Buddhist monks from Kyoto’s Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance
http://www.kyotodreamtrips.com/historical-events-today-1536-buddhist-monks-from-kyotos-enryaku-temple-set-fire-to-21-nichiren-temples/

1670: Birth of Zheng Keshuang, third king of Tungning who surrendered Taiwan to Qing Dynasty and died on September 22, 1717
http://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Zheng%20Keshuang&item_type=topic
http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/zheng_keshuang

1784: British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitt%27s_India_Act
http://www.indhistory.com/pitts-act.html

1890: Birth of Li Zongren, prominent Warlord, military Commander and rival of Chiang Kai-shek, during the Republic of China, who died on January 30, 1969
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Li+Zongren
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=363

1891: The three great defenders of Manipur, Senapati Tikendrajit Singh, his brothers, Agnesh Sena and General Thangal are hanged by the British
http://www.india-north-east.com/2012/01/bir-tikendrajit-singh-true-patriot-of.html
http://pib.nic.in/feature/fe0799/f1507991.html

1898: Mock battle of Manila, won on the Spanish. Star of the US occupation 
http://philippineamericanwar.webs.com/mockbattleofmanila.htm
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/483/today-in-philippine-history-august-13-1898-the-battle-of-manila-occurred

1937: The Battle of Shanghai begins. Shanghai will be captured by the Japanese in November
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=85
https://www.warhistoryonline.com/war-articles/1937-battle-shanghai-japans-brutal-attack-china.html

1945: In Laos, foundation of the anti-French Lao Issara movement
http://www.marktheday.com/nationholidaydates/lao_laoissara.aspx

1945: In Vietnam, the National Insurrection Committee orders a general uprising

1950: US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bao-Dai
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/pentagon/pent5.htm

1954: Radio Pakistan broadcasts National Anthem of Pakistan for the first time
http://www.siasat.pk/forum/showthread.php?30891-SHORT-HISTORY-OF-OUR-NATIONAL-ANTHEM

1960: Yun Bo-seon president of South Korea up to March 1962
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korean_presidential_election,_August_1960
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,869740,00.html?promoid=googlep

1960: Birth of Koji Kondo, Japanese composer
http://nintendo.wikia.com/wiki/Koji_Kondo

1960: USSR withdraws advisors from China. A total of 257 technical development projects are cancelled as a result
http://writermeetsworld.com/2010/10/11/the-sino-soviet-split-a-timeline/

1963: Birth of Sridevi, Indian actress
http://www.bollygals.com/sridevi/
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x9i2tw_sridevi-clip-bollywood_shortfilms

1965: Death of Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (1960-1964), born on December 3, 1899
 http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/people/ikeda-hayato.html

1965: In Vietnam, US Marine Corps launches a massive operation with 76 anti-SAM mission, but it fails

1965: Birth of Hayato Matsuo, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hayato_Matsuo
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=146

1966: Prince Norodom Sihanouk, ruler of neutral Cambodia, criticizes the United States
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/prince-sihanouk-criticizes-the-united-states

1966: In China, the Cultural Revolution is launched
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/13/newsid_4537000/4537605.stm

1969: Military clash between China and Soviet Union in Xinjiang

1972: In Vietnam War, communist sappers raid Long Binh ammunition dump
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sappers-raid-long-binh-ammo-dump

1979: Birth of Taizo Sugimura, Japanese politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiz%C5%8D_Sugimura
http://www.zimbio.com/Taizo+Sugimura

1990: Birth of Shila, Malaysian pop singer-songwriter
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shila_(singer)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8Eq908-Vvg

1990: Birth of Sae Miyazawa, Japanese singer and actress (AKB48)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sae_Miyazawa

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RPU51vtAh4g

1999: The Japanese Law concerning the National Flag and Anthem is enforced
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_Concerning_the_National_Flag_and_Anthem

1999: Death of Gopal Shankar Misra, Indian vichitra veena player and educator, born in 1957
https://realworldrecords.com/artist/396/gopal-shankar-misra/
http://www.omenad.net/page.php?goPage=%2Farticles%2FM1.htm

2000: Death, due to lung cancer, of Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer, born April 3, 1965
http://tribune.com.pk/story/421130/i-will-never-forgive-her-zoheb-hassan/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-V-YAqaRYcM

2001: Japanese Prime Minister Juniciro Koizumi, pays a controversial visit to the Yasukumi Shintoist memorial where are buried all the Japanese warriors killed since 1853, including the generals sentenced to death for war crimes
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2004/01/02/2003086040
https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2006/08/japa-a24.html

2001-08-13 Koizumi Yasukuni

2004: In the Maldives, state of emergency is proclaimed after a 3,000 thousand demonstration demanding the release of four democrats. Police arrest 286 people

2007: In China, finally, 1340 people, including 367 mentally handicapped have been freed from forced labor by the police in the brickyards scandal

2010: A court martial,founds the former Sri Lankan armed forces chief, General Sarath Fonseka, guilty of engaging in politics while on active service.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-south-asia-10965135

2011: Noted filmmaker Tareque Masud, media personality Ashfaque Munier Mishuk and three others died in a fatal road crash on Dhaka-Aricha highway in Manikganj, sending shockwaves through the nation
http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=198549
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/MH27Df02.html

2012: Celebrity activist Baba Ramdev arrested after speaking to 10,000 supporters during anti-corruption protest in New Delhi
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/08/201281311322393643.html
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20120813-365168.html

2015 : Myanmar President Thein Sein consolidates his power in the country’s ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) by forcing out his chief rival Shwe Mann as party chairman
http://www.irrawaddy.org/burma/shwe-mann-sacked-as-party-chief-in-power-struggle-with-thein-sein.html
http://www.mmtimes.com/index.php/national-news/15976-security-forces-surround-usdp-meet.html
http://cogitasia.com/shwe-manns-fall-from-power-a-mixed-blessing-for-myanmar/

2015 : Prime Minister Hun Sen orders the arrest of opposition senator Hong Sok Hour for “treason” over a fake treaty the senator posted to Facebook that purported to show Heng Samrin, as Cambodia’s head of state in 1979, pledging to dissolve the border between Cambodia and Vietnam
https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/pm-orders-senators-arrest-over-facebook-post-91638/
http://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/arrest-senator-pm-says

2016: Death of Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu leader, born on December 7, 1921
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/spiritual-guru-pramukh-swami-maharaj-passes-away/article8986463.ece
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pramukh_Swami_Maharaj
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/29/pramukh-swami-maharaj-obituary

 

Holidays and observances

Laos: Lao Issara, Day of the Free Laos



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