On 12 March in Asian history

ON 12 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on March 12, 2019

1374: Death of Japanese Emperor Go-Kogon (1352-1371), born on 14 April 1336
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-K%C5%8Dgon

1386: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshimochi, 4th Shogun (1408-1423) of the Ashikaga shogunate
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashikaga_Yoshimochi

1447: Death of Shah Rukh, Mongol leader
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shah_Rukh_(Timurid_dynasty)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N9OBZDrs4rs

1608: Death of Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord, born in 1530
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Koriki_Kiyonaga

Koriki Kiyonaga

1612: Dutch rename post at Jayakerta to Batavia (today’s Jakarta)

1849: The Sikh army surrenders to the British at the end of the second Sikh War, conceding to the annexation of the Punjab in northwestern India
http://www.indianetzone.com/34/second_sikh_war_18481849_british_india.htm
http://www.sikh-history.com/sikhhist/events/anglosikhwars2.html

1872: Death of Zeng Guofan, Chinese general who rised the Xiang Army to fight effectively against the Taiping Rebellion and restored the power of the Qing dynasty
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Zeng-Guofan

1885: During the Tonkin Campaign, France captures the citadel of Bắc Ninh from the Guangxi Army
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%E1%BA%AFc_Ninh_Campaign

1885-03-12 Taking-of-bac-ninh

1905: Birth of Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor who died on February 11, 1982
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0793766/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takashi_Shimura

1908: Birth of David Marshall, first Singapore Chief Minister, who died on December 12, 1995
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_283_2005-01-13.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Saul_Marshall

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wy_rcRyKbI

1910: Birth of Masayoshi Ohira, Japanese Prime minister (December 1978- June 1980) who died on June 12, 1980
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masayoshi_%C5%8Chira
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2341.html

1913: Birth of Yashwantrao Chavan, Indian politician, who died on November 25, 1984
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yashwantrao_Chavan
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/12-march-1913-yashwantrao-chavan-former-union-minister-was-born

Yashwantrao Chavan

1925: Death of Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary, father of the Republic of China, born on November 12, 1866. Chiang Kai-shek succeeds to him as KMT leader
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun_Yat-sen
http://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/short-reads/article/2077369/day-sun-yat-sen-died-leaving-china-play-without
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2943.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4rYGYg8BT0&feature=related

1925: Birth of Leo Esaki, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate 1973
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1973/esaki-bio.html

1929: Birth of U Win Tin, jailed Burmese journalist from 1989 to 2008
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Win_Tin
https://www.irrawaddy.com/from-the-archive/u-win-tin-burmas-revolutionary-journalist.html

1930: Mahatma Gandhi leads a 200-mile march known as Dandi March to the sea in defiance of British to protest the British monopoly on salt
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/gandhi-leads-civil-disobedience
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/india/f/What-Was-Gandhis-Salt-March.htm?nl=1
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2767.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WCvuo_NZcjo

1942: End of the Battle of Java. The senior British, Australian and American commanders are summoned to Bandung where the formal instrument of surrender is signed


1942: Birth of Shabnam Shakeel, Pakistani poet and author who died on March 2, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shabnam_Shakeel

1953: Birth of Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese Prime minister since May 23, 2009 to February 2011
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhav_Kumar_Nepal

1954: Birth of Anish Kapoor, Indian sculptor
http://c4gallery.com/artist/database/anish-kapoor/anish-kapoor.html
http://www.artnet.com/artists/anish-kapoor/biography
https://www.google.fr/search?q=anish+kapoor+biography&biw=1188&bih=585&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=cYIAVbKDL8f5Us_YgtgF&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ

1960: Birth of Minoru Niihara, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoru_Niihara

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KP7JZM069YM

1960: Birth of Maki Nomiya, Japanese singer (Pizzicato Five)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maki_Nomiya

1962: Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia

1966: The Communist party of Indonesia (PKI) is banned
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_Indonesia

1967: Sukarno, president of Indonesia, is officially dismissed by the parliament and replaced by general Suharto as acting president
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acting_Presidency_of_Suharto

1972: The last remnants of the First Australian Task Force withdraw from Vietnam. By 1969, Australian forces in Vietnam totaled an estimated 6,600 personnal
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/australians-withdraw-from-south-vietnam

1975: Death of Kikou Yamata, Japanese female writer, born on March 15 1897
https://sites.google.com/site/kikouyamata/anglais

1976: Birth of Chinese actress Vicki Zhao (Zhao Wei)
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/07/04/vicki-zhao-wei/
http://women.stareastasia.com/vicki-zhao/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUs0nwp-CFk

1978: Birth of Arina Tanemura, Japanese mangaka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arina_Tanemura

1983: Birth of Atif Aslam, Pakistani pop singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atif_Aslam

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yzU9emwvU34

1984: Birth of Shreya Ghoshal, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shreya_Ghoshal

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TGO38nsNwTY

1985: Death of Taiwanese writer Yang Kui, born in 1906
http://www.snipview.com/q/Yang%20Kui
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1941.html

1993: A series of bomb attack in Bombay.More than 350 are killed
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/12/newsid_4272000/4272943.stm
http://www.ndtv.com/video/player/news/1993-mumbai-blasts/262310

1993: Death of Wang Zhen, one of the Eight Immortals of the Chinese Communist Party, born on April 11, 1908
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-wang-zhen-1497308.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Zhen

1993: North Korea says that it plans to withdraw from Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and refuses to allow inspectors access to nuclear sites

2000: Death of Ignatius Kung Pin-mei, Chinese cardinal, bishop of Shanghai, born on August 2, 1901
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignatius_Kung_Pin-Mei

2001: In India, the president of BJP Bangaru Laxmam resigns because he is involved in a corruption case
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/bangaru-laxman-bjps-lone-dalit-president-forced-out-after-sting/
http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/bjp-president-bangaru-laxman-caught-in-a-corruption-scandal

2004: Roh Moo-hyun, president of South Korea is impeached by the parliament (cf 3 March) and replaced by Prime Minister Goh Kun waiting the decision of the Constitutional Court
http://koreanconlaw.blogspot.com/2005/02/impeachment-of-roh-moo-hyun.html

2008: US drop China from list of top ten countries violators of rights
https://mobile.nytimes.com/2008/03/12/world/americas/12iht-12rights.10961320.html
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1581506/US-drops-China-from-worst-human-rights-list.html

2009: The Chinese government must approve the next reincarnation of the Dalai Lama, the Tibetan spiritual leader, and will not recognize any candidate that has not been endorsed by Beijing, a top official has said
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/20093133841803523.html

2010: Russia announces it will build 16 nuclear reactors in India as part of defence and energy deals. The long-anticipated nuclear agreement came as Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin visits India
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8561365.stm

2011: The Fukushima nuclear power station is rocked by a huge explosion in one of its six reactor units. Amid growing concerns about radioactive material spreading into the surrounding environment
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-12722719
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-12723092
http://www.latimes.com/news/science/la-sci-japan-quake-nuclear-20110312,0,7065294.story

2011: President Hamid Karzai urges international troops to stop their operations in Afghanistan, saying that his tolerance had run out after a string of high-profile accidental civilian casualties
http://www.france24.com/en/20110312-karzai-nato-stop-operations-civilian-casuaties-afghanistan-pakistan-war-usa

2012: Addressing tens of thousands of opposition supporters who gathered in the capital defying government restrictions, BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia gives the Hasina administration a 90-day ultimatum to announce the restoration of the caretaker system.
http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=226106
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17336583

2013: Death of Ganesh Pyne, Indian painter and illustrator, born on June 11, 1937
http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2013/mar/20/ganesh-pyne
http://www.saffronart.com/artists/ganesh-pyne

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UT1UADwlHOg

2015: Death of Ada Jafri, Pakistani poet and author, born on August 22, 1924
http://tns.thenews.com.pk/ada-jafri-in-a-style-of-her-own/#.VuL4fDjMtjo

2016: Death of Rafiq Azad, Bangladeshi poet and author, born on February 14, 1942
http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2016/03/12/poet-rafiq-azad-dies-at-the-age-of-74
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafiq_Azad

2018: Hong Kong’s democracy camp fails to claw back all their lost seats in controversial by-elections as the city’s pro-Beijing establishment further cements its grip
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/hong-kong-democratic-opposition-fails-to-regain-veto-power-in-legislature
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/politics/article/2136762/pan-democrats-look-set-regain-power-veto-rivals-moves-hong


Holidays and observances

Arbor Day (China and Taiwan)



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