On 12 February in Asian history

ON 12 FEBRUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

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Updated on February 12, 2018

712: Birth of the famous Tang dynasty poet Du Fu who died in 770
https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems-and-poets/poets/detail/tu-fu
http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/du-fu.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1170.html

1218: Birth of Kujo Yoritsune, the 4th sogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan (1226-1244) who died on September 1, 1256
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kujo_Yoritsune

1502: Vasco de Gama sets sails from Lisbon on his second voyage to India

1593: During the Japanese invasion of Korea, approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju
http://www.samuelhawley.com/imjinarticle2.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Haengju

1824: Birth of Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarswati, Indian hindu leader who died on October 30, 1883
http://hinduism.about.com/od/gurussaints/a/Maharishi-Swami-Dayanand-Saraswati-1824-1883.htm
http://www.aryasamajjamnagar.org/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqat4mBCp50

1869: Birth of Kien Phuc, Vietnamese child emperor (1883-1884), poisoned on August 1, 1884
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ki%E1%BA%BFn_Ph%C3%BAc

1876: Birth of Thubten Gyatso, 13th dalai lama who died on December 17, 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thubten_Gyatso,_13th_Dalai_Lama

1881: Russia imposes new border treaty to China

1895: End of the 23 day siege of Weihaiwei (China) by the Japanese. The sino-japanese war is over
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Weihaiwei
http://sinojapanesewar.com/letter.htm
https://firstsinojapanese.weebly.com/battle-of-weihaiwei.html

1895-02-12 Weihaiwei surrender

1895: Defeated by the Japanese, Admiral Ding Ruchang commits suicide
http://www.myjapanesehanga.com/home/artists/migata-toshihide-1863-1925/chinese-admiral-ding-ruchang-about-to-commit-suicide-after-surrendering-to-japanese-forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ding_Ruchang

1904: The Chinese government announced strict neutrality in the Russo-Japanese War
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1038.html

1912: Abdication of Chinese Emperor Xuantong (Puyi) the last of Manchu Qing dynasty
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/last-emperor-of-china-abdicates
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/948.html

1912: The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian calendar

1915: Birth of Lamberto Vera Avellana, Filipino film and stage director who died on April 8, 1991
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/927/today-in-philippine-history-february-12-1915-lamberto-vera-avellana-was-born-in-bontoc-mountain-province
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamberto_V._Avellana

1919 : Birth of Subhash Mukhopadhyay, Indian poet who died on July 8, 2003
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subhash_Mukhopadhyay_(poet)

1920: Birth of Pran, Indian actor
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/12-february-1920-pran-indian-actor-was-born
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0695199/bio
http://www.pransikand.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VmFm-WbGL48

1920: Birth of Yoshiko Ōtaka, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer, and politician who died on September 7, 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoshiko_Yamaguchi
http://www.japansociety.org.uk/29953/my-life-as-li-xianglan/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UeHIONL4cJY

1922: Birth of Tun Hussein Onn, third Prime Minister of Malaysia from January 1976 to July 1981, who died on May 29, 1990
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hussein_Onn

1927: UK troops arrive in Shanghai to protect the British concession

1936: Birth of Fang Lizhi, famous Chinese astrophysicist and dissident who died on April 6, 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fang_Lizhi
http://www.physics.arizona.edu/~fanglz/

1947: Panglong agreement between the Burmese government and ethnic minorities, celebrated as Union Day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panglong_Agreement

1947: Birth of Jamail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (Independentist Sikh), killed by the Indian army on June 6, 1984
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jarnail_Singh_Bhindranwale
http://www.neverforget84.com/sant-jarnail-singh-khalsa-bhindranwale

1955 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam

1966: Sheik Mujibur Rahman announces his famous « six points » in Karachi as election manifesto of Awami League that later led to formation of Bangladesh
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_point_movement

1967: Birth of Chitravina N. Ravikiran, Indian composer and musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N._Ravikiran
http://www.ravikiranmusic.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0katJE1BxFM

1968: In Vietnam, Phong Nhi and Phong Nhat massacre, by South Korean soldiers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nhi_and_Phong_Nhat_massacre
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Phong_Nhi_massacre

1972: Cambodians launch attack to retake Angkor Wat
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cambodians-launch-attack-to-retake-angkor-wat

1973: The release of U.S. POWs begins in Hanoi as part of the Paris peace settlement
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/release-of-u-s-pows-begins

1985: South Korean legislative elections. The Democratic Justice Party of president Chun Doo-hwan keeps 148 of the 276 seats despite great gains by the opposition

1988: Birth of Nana Eikura, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nana_Eikura

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQrVD5_td4s

1992: In The Republic of Mongolia, start of the multi-party system
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Mongolia

1993: Establishment of the Secretariat of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC
https://www.linkedin.com/company/asia-pacific-economic-cooperation-apec-secretariat
http://www.apec.org/About-Us/APEC-Secretariat.aspx

1996: Death of Japanese novelist Ryotaro Shiba, born on August 7, 1923
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ry%C5%8Dtar%C5%8D_Shiba

Shiba Ryotaro

1997: Hwang Jang-yop, secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea and a prime architect of North Korea’s Juche doctrine, defects at the South Korean embassy in Beijing along with his aide, Kim Dok-hong
http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9702/12/nkorea.defector/
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/9702200286/shaper-north-korean-defects-bringing-secrets

2002: Pakistan charges three men in the connection with the kidnapping of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in Karachi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Pearl

2003: The United Nations nuclear agency declares North Korea in violation of international treaties. The complaint is sent to the Security Council

2009: Veteran Awami League (AL) leader Zillur Rahman is sworn in as Bangladesh’s 19th president
http://indianexpress.com/article/news-archive/print/zillur-rahman-sworn-in-as-bangladeshs-new-president/

2011: An anti-terrorism court judge in Pakistan issues an arrest warrant for Pervez Musharraf, the country’s former military ruler, in connection with the 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/02/20112129419939362.html
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110212-musharraf-dubs-bhutto-arrest-warrant-ridiculous

2013: North Korea confirms that it has carried out its third nuclear test, after international monitors detected seismic activity close to the nation’s nuclear test site
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/9864069/North-Korea-confirms-successful-nuclear-est.html

2014: North and South Korean officials hold their highest-level talks since 2007, seeking to forge agreements on divisive US-South Korea military exercises and a planned reunion late this month for families divided by the Korean War
http://www.france24.com/en/20140212-north-south-korea-panmunjom-talks/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-26131487

2016: Death of Yan Su, Chinese general and composer, born in 1930
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2016-02/12/c_135091646.htm
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/culture/art/2016-02/13/content_23462374.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yan_Su

 

Holidays and observances

Myanmar Union Day



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