16 MAY 2016
Beijing carefully ignores anniversary of violent Cultural Revolution
It has been 50 years since the spark that touched off China’s volatile period of mass collectives and student uprising. Beijing did not mark the occasion, and clamped down on social media discussions of the event
22 APRIL 2016
China approves Mars probe program
China’s Mars exploration program has been formally approved by the central authorities, Xu Dazhe, director of China National Space Administration, announced on Friday
21 APRIL 2016
China’s Xi moves to take more direct command over military
Chinese President Xi Jinping has assumed a more direct role over the country’s powerful armed forces as head of its increasingly important joint operations, displaying both his strong personal authority and China’s determination to defend its interests.
25 MARCH 2016
20 arrested over letter asking for resignation of « Comrade Xi Jinping »
Chinese authorities have arrested 19 other people on charges of having participated in the publication of the open letter calling on President Xi Jinping to resign. The total number of detentions now stands at 20: Jia Jia the reporter, the first to be detained, appears less and less involved in the matter and his release is expected
14 DECEMBER 2015
China rights lawyer Pu Zhiqiang’s trial ends amid scuffles
One of China’s most prominent human rights lawyers, Pu Zhiqiang, goes on trial over online comments critical of the ruling Communist Party, as police scuffled with supporters gathered outside the courthouse
20 NOVEMBER 2015
Communist Party of China holds event to commemorate Hu Yaobang
The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee held a symposium to commemorate what would have been the 100th birthday of its former general secretary Hu Yaobang on Friday at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing
26 OCTOBER 2015
Xi Jinping on What’s Wrong with Contemporary Chinese Culture
At the Beijing Forum on Literature and Art, President Xi Jinping spoke to a high-level audience of arts professionals about the role of arts and culture in China. The speech was given in Beijing and titled “Talks at the Forum on Literature and Art Work,”
23 OCTOBER 2015
Xi relies on ‘second red generation’ generals to maintain grip
Generals belonging to the so-called second red generation are increasingly dominant in the Chinese military, riding their parents’ coattails to power, following the purge of two top uniformed officers in President Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption campaign
20 SEPTEMBER 2015
China launches new workhorse ‘Long March’ rocket with 20 ‘micro satellites’ aboard
China on Sunday launched a new, smaller type of rocket from its « Long March » family which will be primarily used for carrying satellites aloft, state media reported, as the country races ahead with an ambitious space programme
3 SEPTEMBER 2015
China military parade commemorates WW2 victory over Japan
With swarms of fighter jets and helicopters flying overhead, some 12,000 troops marched through the center of Beijing as China marked the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II with its biggest ever display of military might
3 JULY 2015
Why the Communist Party’s new security law is bad news for China
From « social contradictions » to food safety, from environmental crisis to foreign religions, from the Internet to outer space, there is hardly any realm of the country’s activity that doesn’t fall under the rubric of national security risk in the new law
1 JULY 2015
China adopts new law on national security
China’s top legislature on Wednesday adopted a new national security law highlighting cyber security and demanding the establishment of a coordinated, efficient crisis management system.
11 JUNE 2015
China jails former security chief Zhou Yongkang for life for bribery, corruption
China’s ex-security chief Zhou Yongkang has been jailed for life – the most senior politician to face corruption charges under Communist rule
5 APRIL 2015
Late Chinese leader Zhao Ziyang can be laid to rest – a decade after death
The family of late liberal Communist Party chief Zhao Ziyang said on Sunday they had finally received approval for the burial of his ashes, a decade after his death
6 MARCH 2015
A Modern Cult of Personality? Xi Jinping Aspires To Be The Equal of Mao and Deng
Having been in office for just over two years, President Xi Jinping has already laid claim to being the third most powerful politician of post-liberation China, just after Chairman Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping
10 FEBRUARY 2015
Former Chinese propaganda chief Deng Liqun dies at 100
Former Chinese propaganda chief and communist hardliner Deng Liqun, a fierce critic of the economic reforms championed by late leader Deng Xiaoping, died Tuesday at the age of 100, state media reported.
30 JANUARY 2015
Chinese government attacks textbooks that promote Western values
For Education Minister Yuan Guiren, high schools and universities should shun or ban textbooks that promote « non-Chinese » values. Previously, President Xi Jinping had also attacked freedom of thought. Teachers who speak out are hounded, fired and even jailed
26 JANUARY 2015
China: The Eclipse of the Politburo
Evidence suggests the Politburo Standing Committee is in decline, while the central party bureaucracy gains more clout.
17 DECEMBER 2014
Mourners mark China leader Zhao Ziyang’s 10th death anniversary
Mourners have gathered to mark the 10th anniversary of the death of China’s purged former leader, Zhao Ziyang
29 DECEMBER 2014
China’s Xi calls for tighter ideological control in universities
Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for greater « ideological guidance » in China’s universities and urged the study of Marxism, state media reported on Monday, as the country tightens control on Western ideology
8 DECEMBER 2014
Xi Jinping: the growing cult of China’s ‘Big Daddy Xi’
Xi Jinping completes two years as president in January and as he enters his third year in office a growing cult of personality is being built around the 61-year-old as he fights to stamp his authority onto the Chinese Communist Party.
Zhou’s arrest affirms Xi’s grip on power: Experts
The arrest of former public security czar Zhou Yongkang and his expulsion from the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) underscore President Xi Jinping’s tightening grip on power. It is also the Chinese leader’s biggest and boldest move yet in his two-year campaign to root out corruption across all ranks, experts said.
5 DECEMBER 2014
China arrests ex-security chief Zhou Yongkang
Ex-security chief Zhou Yongkang, the most senior Chinese official to be investigated for corruption, has been arrested and expelled from the Communist Party, state media report.
3 NOVEMBER 2014
China stresses Communist party’s control over military
Anyone calling for China’s People’s Liberation Army to be loyal to the state rather than the Communist party has a « very black heart », military media said Monday, after President Xi Jinping stressed: « The party commands the gun »
24 OCTOBER 2014
China launches orbiter for lunar mission
China launched an unmanned spacecraft early Friday to test technologies to be used in the Chang’e-5, a future probe that will conduct the country’s first moon mission with a return to Earth.
23 OCTOBER 2014
Beijing embraces ‘rule of law with Chinese characteristics’
China’s Communist rulers declared Thursday that the country would embrace the « rule of law with Chinese characteristics », official media reported after a key party meeting touted as heralding legal reform.
10 SEPTEMBER 2014
China to launch second space lab in 2016, official says
China will launch its second orbiting space laboratory in two years’ time, a top official said Wednesday, the latest step in an ambitious space programme Beijing says will one day land a Chinese man on the moon.
9 SEPTEMBER 2014
China’s ex-president drops down rankings: paper
Former Chinese leader Hu Jintao has slipped further down the Communist Party rankings, state-run media said Tuesday, as his successor Xi Jinping consolidates his authority in the one-party state
25 AUGUST 2014
The Red Beatification of Xi Jinping
He is not yet one of the “saints” of the Chinese Communist Party along with Mao and Deng. But already, after less than two years in office, Xi Jinping is, to borrow a phrase from the Catholic Church, being “beatified” – given pre-sainthood status.
1 AUGUST 2014
Xi Jinping wants to be Mao but will not learn from the latter’s mistakes
Concentrating power in top leader of party, state and army has unleashed a flood of flattery and brought back the cult of personality that had been « abolished » after the death of the Great Helmsman. However, the new leader’s style and way of exercising power fails to heed the fact that when one rises above all others, one feels free to make blunders
28 JULY 2014
Probes and propaganda: Xi’s double strategy to consolidate power
Under Xi Jinping, China’s government formed after the Communist Party’s 18th National Congress at the end of 2012 has adopted a double strategy to bring its control to the country’s 31 province-level governments. On the one hand, Beijing plays tough through the party’s inspection system; on the other hand, it exerts soft power softly through propaganda
1 JULY 2014
Xu Caihou’s Family Arrested: Was He Involved in Military Coup?
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) finally announced on June 30th that Xu caihou was expelled from the Communist Party for alleged corruption and his case handed to prosecutors for investigation. Following is earlier report on his case by http://www.ntd.tv/en/programs/news-politics/china-forbidden-news/20140630/117427-xu-caihous-family-arrested-was-he-involved-in-military-coup.html
30 JUNE 2014
Top China military official Gen Xu Caihou accused
One of China’s most senior military officials has been accused of accepting bribes and expelled from the Communist Party, state media report.
14 JUNE 2014
China official probed for ‘disciplinary violations’
Su Rong, vice-chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), is the highest-ranking official to come under investigation under President Xi Jinping, who has vowed to fight corruption
4 JUNE 2014
China’s Tiananmen Square locked down by security forces on 25th anniversary
Authorities blanketed central Beijing with heavy security today on the 25th anniversary of the bloody military suppression of pro-democracy protests centred on Tiananmen Square, pre-empting any attempts to publicly commemorate one of the darkest chapters in recent Chinese history
3 JUNE 2014
China Defends Crackdown Ahead of Tiananmen Anniversary
China on Tuesday defended as « lawful » its detention of government critics ahead of this week’s 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown
6 MAY 2014
China detains series of dissidents ahead of 25th anniversary of Tiananmen massacre
Several dissidents disappear in Beijing and Guangzhou and a well-known lawyer is arrested on charges of « causing unrest » ahead of the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen protests
Six injured in knife attack at Chinese train station
At least six people have been injured in a knife attack at a station in Guangzhou, Chinese officials say
17 APRIL 2014
Xi Jinping ‘using purge of Chinese officials to fill key positions with allies’
Chinese President Xi Jinping plans to use a purge of senior officials suspected of corruption to put his own men and reform-minded bureaucrats into key positions across the Communist Party, the government and the military, sources said
14 APRIL 2014
Beijing: two more Zhou Yongkang cronies arrested
For experts and analysts, the government is trying to rid itself of former powerful « national security czar. » Zhao Miao and Yan Cunzhang, two of his associates, are the latest victims, both accused of corruption. For one observer, a « power struggle » is underway
3 MARCH 2014
China Captures Remaining Suspects in Train Station Attack
China says it has captured the final three suspects in the stabbing rampage at a train station that killed 29 people and injured 143 others. Citing the Ministry for Public Security Monday, the official Xinhua news agency says the suspects who carried out the attack are part of a terrorist gang led by Abdurehim Kurban.
2 MARCH 2014
Xinjiang separatists behind deadly China rail attack: Xinhua
More than 10 assailants slashed scores of people with knives at a train station in southern China, drawing police fire, in what authorities called a terrorist assault by ethnic separatists based in the far west, state media said Sunday. Thirty-three people were killed and 130 wounded
2 JANUARY 2014
Communist leaders battle to regain ‘street cred’
China’s normally reclusive leaders have been flocking onto the streets to court the masses after Xi Jinping, their commander-in-chief, scored a major propaganda coup by popping out for a bun lunch at a working man’s diner.
28 DECEMBER 2013
In China, One-child policy eased as laojiao centres close
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Assembly today adopted a resolution loosening the country’s one-child policy. It also formally abolished Re-education through labour camps, also known as laojiao centres.
26 DECEMBER 2013
China marks Mao Zedong’s 120th birthday anniversary
Chairman Mao should not be worshipped as a god, but was a man who made “mistakes”, says Xi Jinping, the Chinese president, on the 120th anniversary of the Great Helmsman’s birth
19 DECEMBER 2013
Chinese journalists face Marxist ideology exam
Chinese journalists will have to pass a new ideology exam early next year to keep their press cards, in what reporters say is another example of the ruling Communist party’s increasing control over the media under President Xi Jinping http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/19/chinese-journalists-ideology-exam-media
14 DECEMBER 2013
Chinese lunar rover lands on moon
A spacecraft carrying China’s first lunar rover landed has on the moon, state television showed, a major step for the emerging superpower’s ambitious space programme.
11 DECEMBER 2013
China puts former security chief under house arrest-sources
China has put Zhou Yongkang, one of the most powerful politicians of the last decade, under virtual house arrest while the ruling Communist Party investigates accusations of corruption against him, several sources said on Wednesday.
2 DECEMBER 2013
China launches its first unmanned moon probe
China launched its first rover mission to the moon Monday, sending a robotic craft named Jade Rabbit to trundle across the lunar landscape, examine its geology and beam images back to Earth.
12 NOVEMBER 2013
Chinese Party Meeting Calls for Establishing ‘National Security Council’
The leaders of the Chinese Communist Party have resolved to establish a national security council (guojia anquan weiyuanhui) in order to “perfect the national security system and strategy, and guarantee national security” http://www.jamestown.org/regions/chinaasiapacific/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=41616&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=52&cHash=effae2bbb02addd05e33b2cfed2bc216#.UoQBP8vLTIU
9 NOVEMBER 2013
Pivotal CPC Third Plenary Session opens in Beijing
The four-day Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee will deliberate on a draft decision of the CPC Central Committee on « major issues concerning comprehensively deepening reforms. »
Supporters of China’s disgraced Bo Xilai set up political party
Supporters of China’s disgraced senior politician Bo Xilai, who has been jailed for corruption, have set up a political party, two separate sources said, in defiance of a decades-old de facto ban on new political parties.
8 NOVEMBER 2013
China party says no to political reform on eve of key meet
China’s Communist Party gave an emphatic no to any political reform that may threaten its rule in a lengthy document published on Friday, the day before it starts a key meeting to set the economic agenda for the next decade.
6 NOVEMBER 2013
Explosions Near Communist Party Building in China
A series of small blasts have killed at least one person outside a provincial office of the ruling Communist Party. The blasts in Taiyuan in Shanxi province appeared to have been caused by home-made bombs
1 NOVEMBER 2013
Chinese vote no on democracy
A rising proportion of China’s middle class believes the country does not need to become a democracy or introduce elections, despite its increasingly important role in the world. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/chinese-vote-no-on-democracy/story-e6frg6so-1226750801937?goback=%2Egde_2387236_member_5803285263811633152#sthash.f35iZhCm.dpuf
25 OCTOBER 2013
China court upholds Bo Xilai’s life sentence
A Chinese court has dismissed ousted politician Bo Xilai’s appeal against his conviction and life sentence for corruption and abuse of power in one of China’s most politically charged trials in decades.
11 OCTOBER 2013
Beijing ‘Strikes Hard’ Prior to Major Political Meeting
Before a major political meeting to be held in Beijing next month, the Chinese Communist Party has launched a new campaign aimed at striking hard against those who might protest its rule, according to internal documents obtained by Epoch Times. The campaign, which is likely to be instituted in various ways across the country, will involve police mobilization, household visits, arrest quotas, ramped up surveillance measures, and strict adherence to Party ideology.
1st OCTOBER 2013
Modern China celebrates 64th birthday
It is the People’s republic of China’s 64th birthday, and the middle kingdom has been celebrating its rebirth and rise under the Communist party’s rule.
23 SEPTEMBER 2013
Bo Xilai: Chinese ex-politician to appeal against life term
China’s disgraced former politician Bo Xilai is appealing against his sentence, reports say.
22 SEPTEMBER 2013
China’s disgraced Bo Xilai given life term for corruption
A Chinese court has found disgraced former top politician Bo Xilai guilty of bribery, embezzlement and abuse of power.
21 SEPTEMBER 2013
Blog crackdown chills China’s political debate
A government-backed campaign to assert greater control over social media has lead to increased self-censorship by some of China’s most influential bloggers, chilling political discourse in the country.
24 AUGUST 2013
Chinese police arrest anti-corruption campaigner Xu Zhiyong
Police have arrested one of China’s most prominent rights activists who has called for officials to disclose their wealth, his lawyer said on Friday.
23 AUGUST 2913
Chinese court releases video of Bo Xilai’s wife testifying against him
Video footage released by a court in east China shows Gu Kailai testifying against her husband, disgraced Chinese leader Bo Xilai, who is currently on the second day of his trial on Friday. The 64-year-old former Communist party chief of the southwestern city of Chongqing has been charged with illegally taking almost 27 million yuan (£2.8m), corruption and abuse of power
22 AUGUST 2013
Bo Xilai: Disgraced politician goes on trial in China
The trial of Bo Xilai, the disgraced Chinese politician once tipped for the highest levels of power, has begun.
3 AUGUST 2013
Xi consolidates control over the military
With the promotion of a number of PLA officer to general, Xi Jinping appears to be seeking to consolidate his control over the military.
1 JULY 2013
China’s Communist Party membership exceeds 85 million
The number of Communist Party of China members has surpassed 85 million, according to latest figures from the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee.
18 JUNE 2013
Religion is out for Communist Party members: official
Zhu Weiqun, director of the national ethnic and religion commission of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Committee, the nation’s political advisory body, recently declared that the party needs to maintain the principle that its members cannot practice religion, or else it will « tear the party apart » and cause religious activities to « fundamentally collapse. » If party members want to practice a religion, they should first leave the party, he added. http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20130618000127&cid=1101
14 JUNE 2013
Government for the people in China ?
An apparent contradiction exists at the heart of political commentary on China. On the one hand, some foreign China watchers frequently discuss how ordinary Chinese citizens are growing increasingly dissatisfied with their government and communist party rule. On the other hand, public opinion polls have shown a high level of popular support for the ruling Chinese Communist Party. http://thediplomat.com/2013/06/14/government-for-the-people-in-china/
11 JUNE 2013
China Launches 15-day Manned Space Mission
China launched a manned space mission Tuesday, continuing its ambitious goal of building its own space station. Among the many tasks to be undertaken during the 15-day flight, the astronauts will lead lectures from space to educate Chinese students. China launched the manned Shenzhou-10 spacecraft from a satellite launch center in the Gobi desert. The space craft is carrying two men and one woman and will travel through space for 15 days. http://www.voanews.com/content/china-launches-15day-manned-space-mission/1679276.html http://www.euronews.com/2013/06/11/china-launches-sacred-space-mission/ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/video/2013-06/11/c_132447869.htm
8 JUNE 2013
China’s Xi Jinping appears more Maoist than reformer so far
The president and Communist Party leader looks the part of an American politician, but in his first months in power he has proved to be more hard-line than his recent predecessors. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-china-xi-20130608,0,2308743.story?page=1
6 JUNE 2013
Xi Jinping’s schizophrenia: no political reform some (minimal) economic reform
The « dream » of reforms seems gone, and Xi is increasingly using Maoists tones: gagging the press, eliminating dissidents, rewriting the Party’s history to clear the slate of its errors, and God. Minimum changes made to economy to avoid damaging the interests of princes and senior cadres of the Party. Six months after the takeover of Xi, the analysis of an expert. http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Xi-Jinping’s-schizophrenia:-no-political-reform-some-(minimal)-economic-reform-28132.html
31 MAY 2013
Tiananmen Mothers condemn China’s President Xi Jinping
More than 100 people whose relatives were killed during China’s 1989 crackdown on protestors in Tiananmen Square have lashed out at Xi Jinping, accusing the country’s new president of taking “giant steps backwards”. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10091067/Tiananmen-Mothers-condemn-Chinas-President-Xi-Jinping.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-22727940
24 MAY 2013
China’s reform hands fail to clap
On the one hand, the preserving stability (weiwen) apparatus has pulled out all the stops to shackle dissidents and stymie other « destabilizing elements » in society. With the same strong-armed efficacy with which he has consolidated his hold over the military and police forces, supremo Xi is imposing a quasi-Maoist straitjacket on the ideological arena. On the other hand, more signs have appeared that the Xi-Li leadership is mapping out a package of economic and financial http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/CHIN-02-240513.html
26 APRIL 2013
Chinese People Lack Faith in Communist Party, Survey Finds
Close to 80 percent of respondents in a state online survey said they have no confidence in the Chinese regime’s leadership or reform policies. The survey was deleted within one day. http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/26365-chinese-people-lack-faith-in-ruling-party-survey-finds/
17 APRIL 2013
The Rise of China’s Reformers?
With China’s political transition now complete, the country — and the world economy — is left with a pressing question: Does the new team in Beijing have the vision and the political will to revive stalled yet crucial economic reforms? Few observers are optimistic about the answer. http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139295/evan-a-feigenbaum-and-damien-ma/the-rise-of-chinas-reformers?page=show
16 MARCH 2013
China People’s Congress approves new cabinet
China’s parliament has approved a new cabinet, completing the leadership transition that saw Xi Jinping confirmed as president on Thursday. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-21812057 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-03/16/c_132238467.htm http://asiancorrespondent.com/102318/china-installs-cabinet-of-party-vets-technocrats/ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/att/2013npc/site1/20130317/002170196e1c12af4a8810.pdf
15 MARCH 2013
Li Keqiang named as China’s prime minister
He replaces Wen Jiabao, and for the next 10 years will be responsible for the day-to-day guiding of government policy, and overseeing the economy http://www.euronews.com/2013/03/15/li-keqiang-becomes-china-s-prime-minister/ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/03/20133152423533287.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-21796641
14 MARCH 2013
Xi Jinping named as China’s president
China’s parliament formally elected Xi Jinping as the country’s new president, completing the country’s second orderly political succession since the Communist Party took power in 1949 http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/03/2013314590447477.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-21766622
China’s parliament elects new state leadership
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, was elected president of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission (CMC) on Thursday. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-03/14/c_132233769.htm
Li Yuanchao elected Chinese vice president http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2013-03/14/c_132233077.htm
10 MARCH 2013
China unveils cabinet reshuffle plan
The number of ministries under the State Council will reduce from 27 to 25 while several departments and agencies are reorganized, according to a plan of institutional restructuring and functional transformation of the State Council, submitted to the national legislative session Sunday. http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/766982.shtml
27 FEBRUARY 2013
China: 100+ leading intellectuals sign human rights petition
More than a hundred leading intellectuals have signed an open letter calling for China’s national legislature to ratify a major human rights treaty as lawmakers are preparing to convene in Beijing next week to attend the inaugural session of the 12th National People’s Congress. http://asiancorrespondent.com/99497/china-100-leading-intellectuals-sign-human-rights-petition/ http://cmp.hku.hk/2013/02/26/31531/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-21597752
19 FEBRUARY 2013
Xi Jinping’s imperfect inner circle
Barely three months after assuming the posts of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) general secretary and Central Military Commission (CMC) chairman, Xi Jinping has done well in buttressing his authority within the party’s upper echelons. Xi’s remarkable consolidation comes in spite of the fact that he is not associated with any comparably powerful clique within the party apparatus – unlike predecessors Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, who are heads of the Shanghai Faction and the Communist Youth League (CYL) Faction, respectively http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/CHIN-01-190213.html
13 FEBRUARY 2013
5 ways China could become a democracy
Few have seriously thought about the probability and the various plausible scenarios of a regime transition in China — until now. http://thediplomat.com/2013/02/13/5-ways-china-could-become-a-democracy/
7 FEBRUARY 2013
Chinese Communist Party must tolerate ‘sharp criticism’, says Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping, who will formally assume China’s presidency at next month’s National People’s Congress, made the comments on Wednesday during an event commemorating the Lunar New Year although state media only reported the speech on Thursday evening. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/9855279/Chinese-Communist-Party-must-tolerate-sharp-criticism-says-Xi-Jinping.html
14 JANUARY 2013
Is Xi Jinping a Reformer? It’s Much Too Early to Tell (A Response to Nicholas Kristof) http://asiasociety.org/blog/asia/xi-jinping-reformer-its-much-too-early-tell-response-nicholas-kristof http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/06/opinion/sunday/kristof-looking-for-a-jump-start-in-china.html?_r=0
7 JANUARY 2013
Beijing prizes loyalty over skill in reshuffle
China has reshuffled the party and administrative leaderships of a dozen-odd provinces and directly-administered cities in the wake of the 18th Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Congress. The traits and political orientations of the new regional chiefs reflect the authorities’ priorities about seeking gradual change while guaranteeing stability. At the same time, ample opportunities have been afforded to a handful of sixth-generation leaders – a reference to rising stars born in the 1960s – to build up their national stature and reformist credentials http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/OA08Ad02.html
18 DECEMBER 2012
Xi Jinping reignites reform promise
General Secretary Xi Jinping has lost no time in reassuring the world that his Chinese Communist Party (CCP) administration will not only persevere with reforms championed by late patriarch Deng Xiaoping but also « initiate new paths ». Shenzhen, the special economic zone (SEZ) that is synonymous with the country’s 34-year-old era of reform and the « open door » policy, was the first city that Xi inspected after becoming party chief and chairman of the Central Military Commission on November 15
26 NOVEMBER 2012
China’s Leadership Change Puts Pair Ahead of Their Peers for 2017
When American diplomats in China scanned the political landscape this year for officials on a fast track to the Communist Party’s top ranks, one name jumped out: Hu Chunhua.
24 NOVEMBER 2012
Wen Jiabao’s legacy and Chinese politics today
Wen Jiabao stepped down from the powerful Communist Party of China (CPC) Standing Politburo at the 18th Congress of the CPC last week. But he will not hand over the premiership to his successor until the National Congress elections next year. After ten years in power, Mr Wen will be remembered by the Chinese people for three things: as a people’s prime minister, as a political reformist, and as a corruption fighter.
20 NOVEMBER 2012
China names new Communist Party chief in Chongqing
Sun Zhengcai, 49, will take over from outgoing chief Zhang Dejiang, who was promoted to the Politburo Standing Committee, Xinhua news agency said.
18 NOVEMBER 2012
China 2022 leadership clues already on show
Analysts say the front runners for 2022 are Hu Chunhua, a literature graduate who cracked down on protestors in Tibet, and Sun Zhengcai, who spent time as an agricultural researcher in the British countryside.
Jiang Zemin faction wins in China’s game of thrones
Former president outmanoeuvred his successor Hu Jintao, who only got one man from his faction into the Politburo Standing Committee
15 NOVEMBER 2012
Xi Jinping elected general secretary of CPC Central Committee
Xi Jinping was elected general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on Thursday morning.
Who’s Who in the new Politburo Standing Committee
List of Political Bureau members of 18th CPC Central Committee
The following is the list of the Political Bureau members of the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee (listed in the order of the number of strokes in their surnames)
List of members of the 18th CPC Central Committee
The following is a list of the 205 members of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) elected at the 18th CPC National Congress here Wednesday (listed in the order of the number of strokes in their surnames): http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/special/18cpcnc/2012-11/14/c_131974817.htm
8 NOVEMBER 2012
China’s ruling Communist Party has launched its national congress, a pivotal event that ushers in a new set of top leaders for the next decade.
Chinese President Hu Jintao has opened a Communist Party congress that begins a once-in-a-decade power transfer with a stark warning on corruption
6 NOVEMBER 2012
Battle for China’s Top Party Posts Intensifies
The showdown between rival factions in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has become fiercer as the 18th Party Congress draws near, when a new leadership will be sworn in for another decade. Members loyal to former Party head Jiang Zemin are said to be fighting a desperate battle with the incumbent leaders and their plan for a measure of democracy inside the Party, in order to save themselves from being eliminated.
5 NOVEMBER 2012
Wen Jiabao counterattacks, calls for inquiry into leak about his family
The prime minister is caught up in a political scandal that has tarnished his image following a report by the New York Times that reveals his family’s huge fortune. However, a fierce power struggle before the upcoming party congress appears to be the reason for the leak. Party elders, who have always disliked Wen, want his « explanations » (and perhaps his head
4 NOVEMBER 2012
China puts controversial reformists’ pic on display
A picture showing Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang, the late Chinese leaders who fell from power after their reformist drive in the 1980s, is on display in the press center for the upcoming Communist Party of China Congress.
China’s Bo Xilai expelled from Communist Party
Disgraced Chinese politician Bo Xilai has been formally expelled from the ruling Communist party, state media said Sunday, in a decision made at a meeting of top party officials that ended just days ahead of a broader once- a-decade power handover
2 NOVEMBER 2012
Speculation mounts over China’s new leaders
Hong Kong-based Mirror Books website, which has accurately predicted China’s incoming leaders in the past, said it believed the new line-up would be dominated by party conservatives unlikely to make major reforms. The South China Morning Post newspaper made the same prediction on Friday, citing sources close to the inner workings of the power transition.
Hu Jintao : still commander in chief
The sun may be setting on Hu Jintao’s reign as the leader of Communist Party, but his career as commander-in-chief still has legs.
1 NOVEMBER 2012
China’s New Leaders Face Economic Challenges
It remains unclear what plans China’s new leaders have for the state-owned enterprises, but the stakes are high. Maintaining a stable economy is a key reason why Chinese remain willing to accept the party’s continued monopoly on political power.
26 OCTOBER 2012
Bo Xilai formally placed under investigation
Bo Xilai, the disgraced Chinese politician, has been formally placed under investigation « for alleged criminal offences », after he was stripped of his legal immunity and expelled from the country’s parliament. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/9637320/Bo-Xilai-formally-placed-under-investigation.html
NYT report: China leader Wen Jiabao’s family has amassed billions in assets since ’98
The family of Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, a leader known for his humble roots and compassion for ordinary Chinese, has accumulated massive wealth during his time in power, the New York Times reported on Friday.
25 OCTOBER 2012
China names new military chief of staff
China has appointed a new army chief of staff and other top officers in the run-up to next month’s national leadership transition, amid efforts to further professionalize the world’s largest standing military and ensure its loyalty to the ruling Communist Part
23 OCTOBER 2012
China announces major reshuffle of People’s Liberation Army
China reshuffled its top military ranks on Tuesday, weeks before a once-in-a-decade generational leadership change which sources said would see the outgoing air force commander promoted to vice-chairman of the military’s top decision-making body
22 OCTOBER 2012
China open letter opposes Bo Xilai parliament expulsion
A group of Chinese leftists have written an open letter asking parliament not to expel disgraced Communist party official Bo Xilai.
20 OCTOBER 2012
How to get to the top of China’s Communist Party
China’s Communist Party is about to unveil the country’s next generation of leaders. Almost all will be career politicians who have risen through the ranks. But what are the secrets of success in one of the world’s most rigid authoritarian systems?
28 SEPTEMBER 2012
Bo Xilai case: sex, bribes and murder – China throws the book at former hero
China’s ruling Communist Party accused disgraced politician Bo Xilai of abusing power, taking huge bribes and other crimes on Friday, sealing the fate of controversial leader whose fall shook a leadership succession due at a congress from Nov. 8
http://www.euronews.com/2012/09/28/top-chinese-politician-faces-corruption-trial/ http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20120928-374380.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19755035
24 SEPTEMBER 2012
Police chief at heart of Bo Xilai, Wang Lijun, scandal jailed for 15 years
The former Chinese police chief who attempted to defect to the U.S. triggering one of China’s biggest political scandals has been jailed for 15 years.
20 AUGUST 2012
The next Politburo – top future leaders to watch
Right now the Chinese political elite are jockeying for positions in anticipation of the once a decade leadership transition within the highest ranks of the Communist Party of China (CPC)
18 SEPTEMBER 2012
Beijing faces protests dilemma
Large anti-Japanese street protests took place in dozens of Chinese cities over the weekend after Tokyo’s purchase of the disputed Diaoyu Islands (called Senkaku Islands in Japan) from their private Japanese owners in order to nationalize them. Japanese media described these as the largest scale anti-Japanese demonstrations since the two countries normalized their relations four decades ago http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/NI19Ad02.html
18 SEPTEMBER 2012
Court: Ex-police chief at center of China scandal admits he tried to defect to US
A former police chief at the center of China’s biggest political scandal in decades admitted attempting to defect to the United States, and did not contest charges of bribery and illegal surveillance at his trial on Tuesday, a court official said http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/09/18/13936147-court-ex-police-chief-at-center-of-china-scandal-admits-he-tried-to-defect-to-us?lite#__utma=238145375.1358836827.1333475157.1347900312.1347983763.162&__utmb=2381453126.96.36.1997983763&__utmc=238145375&__utmx=-&__utmz=238145375.1343667468.113.5.utmcsr=google|utmccn=(organic)|utmcmd=organic|utmctr=(not%20provided)&__utmv=238145375.|8=Earned%20By=msnbc%7Cworld%20news%7Casia-pacific=1^12=Landing%20Content=Mixed=1^13=Landing%20Hostname=www.msnbc.msn.com=1^30=Visit%20Type%20to%20Content=Earned%20to%20Mixed=1&__utmk=256467272
15 SEPTEMBER 2012
China’s leader-in-waiting resurfaces after two week absence
China’s leader-in-waiting Xi Jinping has appeared in public for the first time in more than two weeks, visiting a Beijing university in an apparent effort to dispel rumours of serious illness and a troubled succession
12 SEPTEMBER 2012
Personnel changes in China’s Politics and Law Committees
Recent personnel shifts in local- and provincial-level Politics and Law Committees (PLCs), the entities responsible for administering China’s legal system, have been attracting attention http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/09/12/personnel-changes-in-chinas-politics-and-law-committees/
10 SEPTEMBER 2012
Mystery over whereabouts of China’s leader-in-waiting Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping, 59, has not been seen in public since September 1, setting off rumours that he may be seriously ill or worse ahead of his unveiling at the Communist party’s 18th Congress
5 SEPTEMBER 2012
Wang Lijun, key figure in Bo Xilai scandal, charged in China
Chinese state media say a former police chief who revealed details of a major Communist Party scandal has been charged with attempted defection, abuse of power, and taking bribes http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/wang-lijun-key-figure-in-bo-xilai-scandal-charged-in-china/2012/09/05/73c3767e-f75d-11e1-8398-0327ab83ab91_story.html http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/9523208/Neil-Heywood-murder-Bo-Xilai-police-chief-charged-with-defection.
html http://www.france24.com/en/20120905-police-chief-charged-bribery-defecting-bo-xilai-wang-lijun-chongqing-chengdu-china-gu-scandal-heywood http://www.rfa.org/english/news/china/wang-lijun-09052012152659.html
3 SEPTEMBER 2012
Top China official Ling Jihua in surprise demotion
A close ally of China’s president has been demoted, according to state media, in what is seen as a surprise move.
2 SEPTEMBER 2012
China starts reshuffle ahead of leadership change
China’s ruling Communist Party has announced a reshuffle to a key post, state press said Sunday, a move widely seen as ushering in a once-a-decade leadership transition later this year.
28 AUGUST 2012
Beijing lines up new leaders
Recent signs strongly indicate that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is ready to convene the national congress that will select the country’s top leaders for the next decade
21 AUGUST 2012
Politicking could get Bo Xilai off the hook
Backroom deals for much-desired positions in the fifth generation leadership could ease the punishment for suspended Politburo member Bo Xilai
20 AUGUST 2012
Bo Xilai scandal: Gu Kailai jailed over Heywood murder
The wife of disgraced Chinese politician Bo Xilai has been given a suspended death sentence for the murder of British businessman Neil Heywood
With wife’s conviction, what is next for China’s Bo Xilai?
Murder conviction for the wife of Bo Xilai, once one of China’s most powerful men, may have brought to an end the investigation into the death of British businessman Neil Heywood but it left in question the fate of her husband, who is being pursued for party « disciplinary violations. »
25 JULY 2012
Beijing installs acting mayor as city recovers from floods
Wang Anshun was appointed vice mayor and acting mayor of Beijing on Wednesday following a decision by the standing committee of Beijing’s Municipal People’s Congress. The local legislative body also accepted the resignation of Guo Jinlong as mayor of Beijing. Guo had only been named as head of Beijing’s Communist Party branch on July 3.
22 JULY 2012
Former Chinese propaganda chief Ding Guangen dies
Ding Guangen, a former chief of propaganda for the ruling Communist Party who oversaw party control of media and the arts in the 1990s, has died at age 83.
4 JULY 2012
China’s top official urges resistance against Western forces
China’s top security official has urged the ruling Communist Party to resist Western « attacks » on the country’s political and legal systems, in comments timed ahead of a 10-yearly leadership change. Zhou Yongkang, who is ranked ninth in the party hierarchy and reputedly one of the most hardline, said the Communist Party must repel the « mistaken views » of Western political theorists http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/1211705/1/.html
Hu Jintao’s ally promoted to key Beijing party secretary post
The Chinese capital has a new Communist Party boss, Guo Jinlong, whose appointment makes him one of the first to be assured of a seat in the powerful Politburo at the party’s major leadership transition later this year. http://www.asianewsnet.net/home/news.php?id=32868&sec=1
29 JUNE 2012
China’s incoming president Xi Jinping’s family ‘has wealth of hundreds of millions’
The family of China’s next president has amassed a fortune running into hundreds of millions of pounds, according to a hugely damaging new report.
18 JUNE 2012
Top chief says Bo Xilai scandal ‘damaged’ China’s image
The new leader of China’s city of Chongqing has said that the Bo Xilai scandal « gravely damaged » the image of the country and the Communist Party. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-18483210
16 JUNE 2012
China sends its first woman into space
China has launched its first female space traveller aboard a rocket that blasted off from the Gobi Desert on one of the country’s most ambitious space missions yet.
25 MAY 2012
Wang Yang: The Future Torchbearer of Reform?
With the 18th Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Congress a mere six months or so away, the identity of senior cadres who will make the Politburo Standing Committee (PBSC) has pretty much been settled. Apart from Vice President Xi Jinping and Executive Vice Premier Li Keqiang—who are deemed shoo-ins for the posts of general secretary and premier, respectively—seven of the following eight current ordinary Politburo members are tipped for elevation to the inner sanctum of power: Vice Premiers Wang Qishan and Zhang Dejiang; Director of the Organization Department Li Yuanchao; the Guangdong, Tianjin and Shanghai Party Secretaries, respectively, Wang Yang, Zhang Gaoli and Yu Zhengsheng; Director of the Propaganda Department Liu Yushan; and State Councilor Liu Yandong Of these ten cadres, Wang Yang, age 57, is the only one who the past few years has consistently spoken out in favor of reform—including some degree of political liberalization
16 MAY 2012
16 Retired Chinese Aides Call for 2 Top Officials to Quit
In a rare sign of open opposition against two of China’s most powerful leaders, a group of retired Communist Party members have called for the resignation of the country’s security boss, Zhou Yongkang, and a top propaganda official, Liu Yunshan
14 MAY 2012
Chen Guangcheng and Beijing’s failure to reform
Individuals activists are not China’s real challenge, social stability and keeping the Communist Party in power are. Chinese leaders run the risk however of losing control of the huge, expensive and ever-expanding security apparatus they are building. As illustrated by the Bo Xilai case, this could lead to unexpected and disastrous consequences. Here is the analysis of one of the foremost experts of modern China
5 MAY 2012
Hu’s sixth-generation proteges play it safe
Apart from pulling out all the stops to ensure that more of his Communist Youth League (CYL) faction affiliates from the Fifth Generation – a reference to cadres born in the 1950s – will be inducted into the Politburo Standing Committee (PBSC) at the 18th Party Congress this autumn, the supremo is boosting the political standing of a few key members of the Sixth Generation leadership
20 APRIL 2012
Bo fallout threatens China’s security chief
Mr Zhou Yongkang, one of the nine members of the Communist party Politburo standing committee that rules over the world’s most populous nation, was Mr Bo’s closest ally and argued strongly against excising him from the party, according to people familiar with the matter
12 APRIL 2012
Zhou Yongkang Next « Target » in Bo Xilai Saga: Report
Was China’s security chief Zhou Yongkang planning a conspiracy to overthrow Chinese leader-to-be Xi Jinping, and install disgraced Party official Bo Xilai in his place? That is what a new report is claiming
10 APRIL 2012
Bo Xilai suspended from Communist Party politburo
Chinese politician Bo Xilai, once a rising star, has been stripped of his elite Communist Party post while his wife is being investigated for the murder of a British national, state media said. Xinhua first issued a short dispatch announcing Bo had been suspended from the party’s powerful 25-member Politburo and from the wider Central Committee, which consists of more than 300 top officials
Wife of Bo Xilai suspect over ‘murder’ of Briton
The wife of a disgraced Chinese politician once tipped as a future leader has been detained over the suspected murder of a British national
6 APRIL 2012
Beijing Daily Rebukes Hu Jintao, as CCP Media Betrays Evidence of Power Struggle
It is now widely acknowledged among Chinese and Western observers that a struggle is raging over the future of the Chinese Communist Party. Ever since the high profile expulsion of leading Party figure Bo Xilai on March 15th, it’s been clear that at least two factions have been vying for prominence. The latest example of this rift comes in Beijing, where the Party’s official Beijing Daily newspaper posted an outright attack on Party Chairman Hu Jintao this week
27 MARCH 2012
Crisis closes in on China’s inner circle
Zhou Yongkang, a member of China’s ruling Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) and head of the country’s 1.5 million-strong police force, is the latest and most senior leader to fall in the battle for control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) if rumors of his downfall have any substance. It was certainly a fall foretold
21 MARCH 2012
Bo Xilai’s downfall a blow for China’s leftists
Their spiritual godfather Bo Xilai has fallen from favour, their websites blocked and some microblog accounts have even been unplugged
15 MARCH 2012
Bo Xilai removed by China from Chongqing leader post
Bo Xilai, once seen as one of the rising stars of Chinese politics, has been removed from his prominent provincial post after a scandal involving one of his key deputies
14 MARCH 2012
China’s Wen Jiabao says ‘reforms urgent’
China’s Premier Wen Jiabao has delivered a strong warning about the »urgent » need for reforms, without which, he said, tragedies such as the Cultural Revolution could still happen http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-17362644 http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/03/20123145268387804.html
2 MARCH 2012
Bo Xilai and the rumors surrounding the Wang Lijun scandal
The Wang Lijun-Bo Xilai incident has been interpreted as one of the rare occasions that outsiders get a glimpse of the struggle for position and influence within the Communist Party of China (CPC)
17 FEBRUARY 2012
Manned mission to test docking of spacecraft
China plans to send three astronauts into space sometime between June and August this year to further test technology to be used in rendezvous and docking missions, a spokesman for China’s manned space program said on Friday
15 FEBRUARY 2012
China launches propaganda drive against « extremism » in far west
China launched a propaganda campaign against illegal religious activities and ‘religious extremism’ in the restive far western region of Xinjiang on Wednesday, state media said http://news.monstersandcritics.com/asiapacific/news/article_1691268.php/China-launches-propaganda-drive-against-extremism-in-far-west
9 FEBRUARY 2012
China’s liberals keep the flame alive
China seems to have entered deep winter as far as political reform and human rights are concerned. While the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leadership seems to have pulled out all the stops to stifle dissent, intellectuals both inside and outside the party still are pushing the ideal of liberalization http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/NB10Ad01.html
4 JANUARY 2012
China pushes minimum wage rises
Two of China’s leading cities are raising their minimum wages despite the prospect of slower economic growth this year, a move that owners of smaller businesses warn could result in widespread closures given the sharp fall in demand from western economies
30 DECEMBER 2011
Two Chinese bishop martyrs recognised as ‘Illustrious Unknown’ for 2011
Mgr James Su Zhimin, 80, has done 40 years in prison; Mgr Cosma Shi Enxiang, 90, has spent 50 years. No one talks about them whilst the Chinese government says it “does not know where they are”. Many fear they might die under torture as other bishops have done before. The Vatican should demand their release as a condition for dialogue. A campaign is launched on their behalf in 2012
Former Insider Indicted in Chinese Corruption Scandal
A former fugitive accused by the Chinese authorities of being responsible for one of the nation’s biggest corruption scandals was indicted on Friday after he was said to confess to bribery and smuggling, according to state news organization
29 DECEMBER 2011
China push to put astronaut on the moon
While Chinese scientists have previously discussed the possibility of a manned lunar mission, a government white paper published on Thursday is the first public government document to enshrine it as a policy goal
26 DECEMBER 2011
Bio-data proposal for foreign visitors
Foreign visitors may be fingerprinted under draft legislative proposals being considered by the top legislature on Monday 26. The draft law on entry and exit procedures, for the first time, allows the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to put in place a system to gather biological identification data, such as fingerprints, on foreign visitors
20 DECEMBER 2011
Minister of (smaller) foreign affairs
China’s influence in international politics is increasing, but who is actually in charge of Chinese Foreign Policy. Here’s a hint: it’s not the foreign minister.
5 NOVEMBER 2011
Elections in China: Authorities cite non-existent laws to exclude « uncomfortable » candidates
There are lots of independent candidates. The circumvent censorship by campaigning on the Internet. The authorities « invent » non-existent
laws to exclude them from election. But some people make it through
1 JULY 2011
The Chinese Communist Party’s 90th Birthday
23 AUGUST 2010
China reviews law on death penalty
A draft amendment to the country’s criminal code proposes cutting 13 « economy-related, non-violent offenses » from the list of 68 crimes punishable by the death penalty.
22 AUGUST 2010
Who are members of the Communist Party of China
The CPC has 78 million members. Who are they ?
5 JULY 2010
China’s population set to reach 1.4 billion by 2015
China’s population is projected to reach 1.4 billion by the end of 2015, when the urban population will become the majority for the first time, officials said. Li Bin, director of the National Population and Family Planning Commission, said the population on the mainland will reach 1.39
billion by the end of 2015, among which as many as 700 million people will be living in urban areas .
31 MAY, 2010
China bans evidence from torture
Evidence obtained under torture cannot be used in China’s courts, the government has said, weeks after a convicted murderer was
set free because his victim turned out to be alive.
25 FEBRUARY 2010
Charter 08 and China’s troubled liberalism
By Feng Chongyi
The publication of Charter 08 in China at the end of 2008 was a major event generating headlines all over the world. It was widely recognized as the Chinese human-rights manifesto and a landmark document in China’s quest for democracy. However, if Charter 08 was a clarion call for the
new march to democracy in China, its political impact has been disappointing. Its primary drafter Liu Xiaobo, after being kept in police custody over one year, was sentenced on Christmas Day of 2009 to 11 years in prison for the « the crime of inciting subversion of state power », nor has the
Chinese communist party-state taken a single step toward democratization or improving human rights during the year. This article offers a preliminary assessment of Charter 08, with special attention to its connection with liberal forces in China.
10 FEBRUARY 2010
China courts ‘to limit executions’
China’s top court has urged judges across the country to limit the use of the death penalty against convicted individuals. According to the official Xinhua news agency, guidelines have been sent out to courts across the country saying the penalty should only be handed to a « tiny minority »
of the most serious cases with sufficient evidence
1 OCTOBER 2009
China Celebrates 60 Years of Communism
China’s leaders marked the 60th anniversary of Communist Party rule on Thursday with a precision display of military bravado and a confident prediction by President Hu Jintao that “infinitely bright prospects” lie ahead for the world’s most populous nation
19 MARCH 2009
Charter 08, a plea for human rights in China
In last December, a group of 303 Chinese citizens signed ‘Charter 08’, a declaration to mark the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In it they call on the government of China to transform the country’s authoritarian and corrupt regime along democratic lines, respectful of human rights, including religious freedom
Below is the full text of the charter
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