Category Archives: On this day in SEA history

On 11 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 11, 2018

1933: Birth of Aquinilo Pimentel Jr, Filipino  politician

1946: Birth of Rhoma Irama, Indonesian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1947: First major riot against the British during their post-war  occupation of Indonesia after that they declared void the marriage of Maria  Hertogh, 14 year-old Eurasian girl with a Muslim. 18 people are killed and 173  injured, mostly Europeans and Eurasian

1961: A U.S. aircraft carrier carrying Army helicopters arrived in Saigon – the first direct American military support for South Vietnam’s battle against  Communist guerrillas

1963: General Thanom Kittikachorn becomes new Thailand prime minister

1985: The opposition to president Ferdinand Marcos chooses Corazon  Aquino as its candidate for the February 1986 presidential elections

2006: First election of an Aceh governor after the agreement between  separatists and the Indonesian government. Irwandi Yusuf, from independentist  movement Gam is elected with 39 % of vote. In 29 years, this conflict has  caused 15, 000 deads

2017: The EU agrees to resume political contacts « at all levels » with Thailand, more than three years after suspending them in protest at the military coup in Bangkok

On 10 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 10, 2018

1861: Forces led by Nguyen Trung Truc, an anti-colonial guerrilla leader in southern Vietnam, sink the French lorcha L’Esperance

1898:The Treaty of Paris ends the hispano-American War. Spain cedes the Philippines to USA for 20  millions dollars


1917: Birth of Sultan Yahya Petra, sultan of Kelantan (1960-1979) and king of Malaysia (1975-1979) who died on March 29, 1979

Sultan Yahya Petra 3

1932: Thailand adopts a constitution and becomes a constitutional monarchy

1941: Imperial Japanese forces under the command of Masaharu Homma land on northern Luzon in the Philippines


1941: Trained in Japan, Aung San and the « Thirty heros » found the Army for Independence of Burma

Aung San 23

1941: British battleship Prince of Wales and battlecruiser Repulse (Force Z ) sink following Japanese aerial attacks off Malaya. 840 men die

1941-12-10 sinking of Prince_of_Wales_and_Repulse

1941: Chinese army began to fight against the Japanese in Burma

1981: Birth of Taufik Batisah, Singaporean singer

1989: Birth of Ng Chee Yang, Singaporean singer

1991: Aung San Suu Kyi book “Freedom from fear” is published in London


 2008: Death of Didith Reyes, Filipino singer, born on September 17, 1949


Holidays and observances

Thailand: Constitution Day

On 9 December in Southeast Asian history



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Updated on December 9, 2018

1941: During the World War II, the US 19th Bombardment Group attacks Japanese ships off the coast of Vigan, Luzon (Philippines)

1947: During the Polisionil 1 Operation, Dutch troops wiped out almost the entire male population of Rawagede (431 men and teenagers), a village in West Java, during the Indonesia independence war

1949: Burma recognized the People’s Republic of China

1955: Birth of Chamras Saewataporn, Thai composer and musician

1960: Relieved of his command the day before, neutralist General Kong Le deposes Laos prime minister Souvanna

1962: Sultan of Brunei asks rebels to put down their weapons; rebellion breaks up. About 80 are killed in all, mostly rebels. Legislative Council is replaced by an Emergency Council

1972: North -Vietnam and Soviet Union sign an agreement for economic and military aid by the Soviet

2002: Indonesian diplomats and Gerakan Aceh Merdeka representatives sign a cessation of hostilities accord in Geneva. Details include a cease-fire to be monitored by foreign observers, and elections for an autonomous legislative body in 2004, and an agreement to allow the province to keep 70% of oil and gas revenues

2011: The Dutch government has formally apologised to the families of victims of a 1947 massacre on Indonesia’s Java island which left at least 150 people dead

2013: Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra dissolves parliament and called an election after sustained protests in the capital, Bangkok.

2013: Hundreds of South Asian workers continue riots in Singapore after being enraged by a yesterday fatal road accident in a rare case of public unrest in the wealthy city-state.

2015: The US temporarily lift certain trade sanctions on Myanmar, aiming to reinvigorate trade and support a peaceful political transition after a historic victory by democratic leader Aung San Suu Kyi

On 8 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 8, 2018

1941: The Japanese start to invade Hong Kong, Malaya and the Dutch East Indies. They also invade the portions of Shanghai administered by European powers and bomb American bases in the Philippines

1941: After Japanese start attack on Hong Kong and Malaya, UK declares war to Japan

1947: Dutch and Indonesian representatives meet on board the U.S.S. Renville, a U.S. Navy transport stationed in the Philippines, which was moved Jakarta harbor for the talks

1958: Birth of Bird McIntyre , Thai pop singer, musician

1960: Laotian Prime Minister Souvanna Phouma relieves the neutralist Captain Kong Le from his command

1960: Birth of Lim Guan Eng, Malaysian statesman

1962: The Indonesian backed North Kalimantan National Army (TNKU) try to capture the sultan of Brunei who escapes and asks for British help. British emergency troops from Singapore land in the evening

1963: Death of Sarit Thanarat (Sarit Dhanarajata), Thailand Prime Minister (1959-1963), born on June 16, 1908

1965: In Vietnam, Operation Tiger Hound is launched

1966: Pope Paul VI pleads for Christmas truce in Vietnam to be followed by an amnesty and negotiations

1969: Nixon declares that Vietnam War is ending

2009: A former Indonesian army officer has admitted in a magazine interview that five foreign journalists were deliberately killed during Indonesia’s 1975 invasion of East Timor

2009: In Malaysia, peace talks resume between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, a separatist group from the south of the country after 16 months

2011: A US citizen has been jailed for two and a half years by Thai authorities for translating excerpts of a locally banned biography of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and posting them online

2013: Riots break out in Singapore after a fatal accident in Little India–rioting-taking-place-in-little-india–reports-152651999.html


On 7 December in Southeast Asian history

1975-12-07 invasion


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Updated on December 7, 2018

1830 : Birth of Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, who authored the « Act of Declaration of Philippine Independence ». He was also the one who read the declaration during the June 12, 1898 Independence proclamation by General Aguinaldo

1899: Death of Juan Luna y Novicio, an Ilocano Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of the first recognized Philippine artists, born on October 23, 1857

Luna Y Novicio Juan parisian life

1949: The Chinese communist troops reach the borders of Indochina

1959: In Indonesia, Aceh is made a Propinsi Daerah Istimewa (Province and Special Area)

1971: Bombing of Phom-Penh  by communist Khmer Rouge

1972: Imelda Marcos, wife of Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, is stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant. The man is then shot and killed by her bodyguards

1975: Breaking off of diplomatic relations with Portugal, Indonesia invads East Timor which will be the  la 27th Indonesia province in July 1976

1975-12-07 invasion

1979: Birth of Derek Ramsay, Filipino actor and model

2000: In front of the Philippine Senat, opening of the impeachment trial of president Joseph Estrada

2001: In Indonesia Sulawesi islands, thousands of Chritians, attacked by Muslims flee their villages. In two years, the Christian-Muslim riots cause 1,000 deads

2005: After a by-election in Kelantan state, the islamist opposition party PAS has a majority of just one seat

2005: Death of Devan Nair, 3rd President of Singapore (1981-1985), born on August 5, 1923)


2008: Death of Marky Cielo, Filipino-Igorot dancer and actor, born on May 12, 1988

2010: The Philippine Supreme Court declares as unconstitutional President Benigno S. Aquino III’s creation of a commission to investigate corruption allegations against his predecessor

2011: One of Vietnam’s best-known actors, Don Duong – once labelled a traitor by his country’s armed forces – dies of heart failure and a brain haemorrhage aged 55, relatives say

2012: Powerful typhoon in the Philippines. The death toll from the storm has surpassed 500, with more than 400 people missing.

2014: China slams the Philippines for challenging its territorial claims over the South China Sea through international arbitration, refusing to back down just a week before a deadline to respond in the case

On 6 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 6, 2018

1947: Start of two days of talks between Vietnam emperor Bao Dai and French representative Bollaert in Along Bay

1950: General de Lattre de Tassigny is appointed High Commissioner for Indochina

1961: In Vietnam War, Operation Farm Gate combat missions authorized

1979: US president Carter accuses Hanoi, Moscow and Phom-Penh to block all help to Kampuchea population

1981:The Communist party of Kampuchea (Khmer rouge) is officially dissolved and replaced by the Party of Democratic Kampuchea

1990: Death of Tunku Abdul Rahman, first Prime Minister of Malaya (1957-1971), born on February 8, 1903

2007: A Philippine court sentences 14 members of the rebel Abu Sayyaf group to life in prison for a high-profile mass kidnapping in 2001 in which five people died

2014: Nguyen Quang Lap, an award-winning Vietnamese writer is arrested for publishing criticism of the Communist government on his blog

On 5 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 5, 2018

1927: Birth of Thailand king Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)

Bhumibol culte

1939: Birth of Minita Chico-Nazario, Filipino Supreme Court jurist

1941: Netherlands Indies government sends a request to Australia to send forces to Ambon and Timor. Australian Air Force planes and personnel arrive on December 7

1957: Indonesian government orders 46,000 Dutch citizens to be expelled

1978: Birth of Pachrapa Chaichua, Thai actress

2002: Death of Ne Win, the ex-dictator of Burma from 1962 to 1988


2007: Thailand celebrates venerated king Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) 80th birthday

2009: Death of Princess Vimolchatra of Thailand, born on June 27, 1921

2013: King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand urges people to support each other for the sake of the country, in his address to the nation on his birthday.

2016 : Philippines Vice President Leni Robredo resigns from the cabinet but vows to lead the opposition and challenge the policies of President Rodrigo Duterte, including his deadly war on drugs and moves to reinstate the death penalty

2017: Rodrigo Duterte signs a proclamation declaring the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and the New People’s Army (NPA) as terrorist organizations


Holidays and observances

Thailand’s King’s Birthday, National Day

On 4 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 4, 2018

1947: Birth of Sean Lu, Vietnamese actor

1949: Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak is fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by Malay student Rosli Dhoby—english.php

1966: Viet Cong attack Tan Son Nhut airport

1967: During Vietnam War, US and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong  troops in the Mekong Delta

1977: Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100

1977-12-04 Malaysia-Airlines-Flight-653

1978: Birth of Jaclyn Victor, Malaysian singer

2007: In Malaysia, 29 Ethnic Indians are arrested on charge of killing  attempt in the 25 November demonstration

2015 : Malaysia’s Parliament approves a security law that will give sweeping security powers to a council led by the prime minister, in a move slammed by rights groups and critics as a step toward a dictatorship


On 3 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 3, 2018

1574: After his failed attack, Chinese pirate Limahong leaves Manila for Pangasinan where he will establish a small kingdom near the of mouth of Agno river

1918: Birth of Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general, hero of the independence, who died in September 2000

1924: Birth of Francisco Sionil José, Filipino novelist, Philippine National Artist for Literature

1952: Birth of Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, Chairwoman of People’s Justice Party (Pari Keadilan Rakyat) in Malaysia

1958: Nationalization of the Dutch interests in Indonesia

1959: The current flag of Singapore is adopted, six months after Singapore became self-governing within the British Empire

1958 Armoiries

1967: Former Indonesian president Sukarno is placed under house arrest

1978: Hanoi announces the foundation of a United National Front for the salvation of Kampuchea by former Khmer rouge who took refuge in Vietnam

2008: In Thailand, the People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD) officially returned Suvarnabhumi and Don Mueang airports to authorities after its supporters occupied the compounds and halted their operations for a week

2009: Philippines governor of Maguindanao province, Andal Ampatuan Sr, is charged in connection with the killings of at least 57 people

On 2 December in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on December 2, 2018

1228: Thai Prince Sukaphaa reaches Assam after a 13-year expedition from Mong Mao (southern China) and begins the task of establishing the Ahom kingdom (current Assam)

1899: Battle of Tirad Pass. Filipino General Gregorio del Pilar is killed in action against US forces, born on November 14, 1875

1899-12-02 Battle of Tirad Pass

1940: The Thai government closes its delegation in France and a French  patrol ship is attacked by a Thai airplane

1953: Death of Trần Trọng Kim, Vietnamese historian, scholar, and politician, Prime Minister of Vietnam (1945), born on January 1, 1883

1962: Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the  request of US President John F. Kennedy, US Senate Majority Leader Mike  Mansfield becomes the first American official not to make an optimistic public  comment on the war’s progress

1975: In Laos, the government of Prince Souvanna Phouma is dissolved.  Abdication of King  Savang Vatthana and  the monarchy is abolished. The country becomes a people’s democratic republic  with Souphanouvong as president and Kaysone Phomvihane as prime minister,303233

1985: General Fabian Ver, chief of the Philippines armed forces, and 24  others military are acquitted of charges related to the 1983 shooting death of  opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino,8810

1989: At the town of Had Yai in Southern Thailand, Chin Peng, communist leader,  signs separate peace agreements between the MCP and both governments. The MCP  laid down its arms

2008: Thailand’s Constitutional Court orders the dissolution of the  ruling People Power party (PPP) for electoral fraud. The court also rules that  Somchai Wongsawat, the prime minister, and 36 other party members be banned from  politics for five years


Holidays and observances

Laos National Day