Category Archives: On this day in SEA history

On 19 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 19, 2019

1861: Birth of José Rizal, Filipino poet and national hero, executed on December 30, 1896

1944: Beginning of the two-day Battle of the Philippine Sea on the Japanese

1945: Birth of Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician and Nobel laureate

1949: Signature of a convention between France and Laos which becomes a state associated to French Union française

1965: Air General Nguyen Cao Ky is appointed Vietnamese prime minister

1979: Birth of U Gambira, Burmese monk and activist

1998: In Malaysia, at the opening of the annual meeting of UMNO, Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, leader of the Young Wing condemns nepotism, corruption and chumminess

2003: Speaking for the last time in front his party congress before his retirement, Malaysian PM Mahathir violently speaks against American and British accused of willing dominate the world

2007: Vietnam president Nguyen Minh Triet starts a six-day visit to USA, first visit of a Vietnamese head of state to USA since the Communist victory in 1975

2007-06-19 Nguyen Bush

2011: For the first time in nearly a decade, Myanmar’s democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi celebrates her birthday in freedom

2013: Igor Morgulov, the Russian deputy foreign minister, says Moscow will stay out of the territorial disputes involving China, the Philippines and Vietnam over islands in the South China Sea


On 18 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 18, 2019

1908: The University of the Philippines is established

1936: Birth of Norodom Monineath, spouse of king Sihanouk and mother of the king of Cambodia


1948: Because the Communist insurgency, state of emergency is proclaimed in all Malaya

1951: General Vo Nguyen Giap ends his Red River Campaign against the French in Vietnam

1952: USA give and additional aid to Indochina

1965: In Vietnam War, the USA uses B-52 bombers to attack National Liberation Front guerilla fighters in South Vietnam

1971 : In Vietnam, Battle of Cung Son, the biggest engagement between Allied and Communist forces in Phu Yen Province since 1968


1989: In Burma, The Slorc (military junta) adopts the name of Union of Myanmar as a new name for the country

Holidays and observances

Cambodia: Queen Mother’s Birthday

On 17 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 17, 2019

1918: Birth of Ajahn Chah, Thai Buddhist meditation master who died on January 16, 1992 

1961: In Zurich, opening of a conference between representatives of the three Laos political movements, till 22

1963: A day after South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem announced the Joint Communique to end the Buddhist crisis, a riot involving around 2,000 people breaks out, killing one

1970: North Vietnamese troops cut the last operating rail line in Cambodia

2002: In Indonesia, beginning of the trial of Akbar Tanjung, chairman of Golkar party, accused to have used 4 million USD of state money to support his party in 1999


On 16 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 16, 2019

1407: During the Ming–Hồ War, retired King Hồ Quý Ly and his son King Hồ Hán Thương of Hồ dynasty are captured by the Ming armies.

1801: In now Vietnam, Nguyen dynasty is installed in Hue (Annam), it will later seize Tonkin

899: During the Philipine Americain war, Filipinos attack San Fernando

1908: Birth of Sarit Thanarat (Dhanarajata), Thailand’s PM (1958-1963) who died on December 8, 1963

1948: In Malaya, after three European planters were murdered by communist rebels, state of emergency is declared in Perak and Johor

1961: US President Kennedy agrees to send instructors to train South Vietnamese troops

1970: In Cambodia, North Vietnamese and Vietcong attacks almost completely isolate Phnom Penh

1978: Beijing demands the closing of the Vietnamese consulates in South China

1978: Birth of Jasmine Leong, Chinese Malaysian singer

1981: In the Philippines, First elections after dictator Marcos lifted martial law. The opposition boycotts the election and Marcos wins a huge majority for another six year term as President

1982: Birth of Jodi Santamaria, Filipina actress

2004: Death of Field Marshal Thanom Kittichorn, twice premier of Thailand, born on August 11, 1912

 2011: Abu Bakar Bashir, the controversial Indonesian cleric, is jailed for 15 years on charges he helped plan and fund a camp of fighters in the western Aceh province which aimed to kill the country’s president.

2012: Myanmar’s Aung San Suu Kyi gives her Nobel speech in Norway, more than two decades after she won the peace prize

2015 : In the Philippines, The Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) begins the first phase of a staggered decommissioning of its weapons, marking the group’s commitment to end the armed conflict that has plagued the region for décades

On 15 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 15, 2019

1913: During the Philippine-American War, The five days Battle of Bud Bagsak between the American and the Moro rebels concludes by a massacre

1913-06-15 battle of_bud bagsak

1919: Birth of Paul Joseph Pham Dình Tung, Vietnamese cardinal, emeritus archbishop of Hanoi who died on February 22, 2009

1954: After Prince Prince Buu Loc resigned, Emperor Bao Dai asks Ngo Dinh Diem to form a new government

1964: President Johnson decides to postpone submitting a resolution to Congress asking for authority to wage war

1965: US planes bomb North Vietnam

1991: In the Philippines, Mount Pinatubo erupts in the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th Century. In the end, over 800 people die

1998: In Indonesia, violent riots in several towns aiming to get the resign of corrupted leaders

2011: State-owned oil company Petrovietnam (PVN) said it would continue oil exploration in the South China Sea as planned despite simmering tensions with China

On 14 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 14, 2019

1285: Forces led by Prince Tran Quang Khai of Vietnam’s Tran Dynasty destroys most of the invading Mongol naval fleet in a battle at Chuong Duong

1789: Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,000-mile) journey in an open boat

1888: In Borneo Island, Sarawak becomes a British protectorate

1945: Filipino troops of the 15th, 66th and 121st Infantry Regiment, Philippine Commonwealth Army, USAFIP-NL liberate the captured in Ilocos Sur and start the Battle of Bessang Pass in Northern Luzon.

1945: Burma is fully liberated by Britain

1949: With the help of France, Bao Dai, who have been ousted by the Viet Minh (Communists) proclaims himself again emperor of Vietnam. The Associated State of Vietnam is established with Bao Dai as Head of State

Bao Dai Time

1960 : Dwight Eisenhower arrives in Manila for the first State visit of an US president to the Philippines

1960: After the death of his father, Prince Norodom Sihanouk becomes head of Cambodia

Sihanouk 1960

1965: Nguyen Cao Ky becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam at the head of a military junta; General Nguyen Van Thieu became the figurehead chief of state

1975: Death of Pablo Antonio, a pioneer of modern Philippine architecture, born on January 25, 1902

2009: Vietnam authorities arrest Le Cong Dinh a high-profile lawyer for allegedly conspiring against the government

2012: Police in the restive Indonesian province of Papua have shot dead a senior separatist leader, Mako Tabuni, sparking violent protests by locals.

On 13 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 13, 2019

1935: Birth of Samak Sundaravej, shortly Thai Prime Minister in 2008, who died on November 24, 2009

1944: Birth of Ban Ki-moon, former United Nations General Secretary

1949: Former emperor Bao Dai arrives in Saigon after three years in self exile in Hong Kong

 1971: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers on Vietnam War

1973: US Kissinger and North Vietnamese Le Duc Tho sign a new peace agreement

1997: Death of Nguyen Manh Tuong, Vietnamese lawyer and intellectual, born in 1909 

2012: Democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi leaves Burma on her first trip to Europe since 1988 to formally accept the Nobel Peace Prize that thrust her into the global limelight two decades ago.



On 12 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 12, 2019

1898: Philippine Declaration of independence by Emilio Aguinaldo (constitution of Malolos)

1948: The Singapore Federation of Trade Unions (SFTU) and the Pan Malayan Federation of Trade Unions (PMFTU) are outlawed

1951: In Burma, first legislative elections,_1951%E2%80%9352

1958: Burma’s premier since 1948 U Nu is replaced by Ba Swe

1962: In Laos, agreement between the three Princes leading to a coalition government

1965: In Saigon, military coup. General Thieu acts as head of state, an General Ky as chief of the government

1968: Birth of Htay Kywe, Burmese activist

2007: Abu Dujana, leader of the military operations of the Jemaah Islamiyah is arrested in Java. He is supposed to be responsive for attacks against Marriot Hotel and the embassy of Australia

2012: Thailand’s government postpones voting in parliament on controversial « reconciliation » proposals that have stoked political tensions in the divided kingdom. The bills are strongly opposed by opposition MPs who fear they will be used to grant an amnesty to fugitive former premier Thaksin Shinawatra

Holidays and observances

Philippines: Independence Day (Araw ng Kalayaan)

On 11 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 11, 2019

1594: Philip II recognizes the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the stabilization of the rule of the Principalía (an elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines)

1868: Death of James Brooke, first White Rajah of Sarawak (in Borneo Island) since August 1841, born on 29 April 1803

1963: Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc immolates himself on a Saigon street to protest the dictatorial regime of South Vietnamese Catholic president Ngo Dinh Diem

1964: Death of Marshal Plaek Pibulsonggram, twice premier of Thailand (1938-1944 and 1948-1957), born on July 14, 1897

1965: Birth of Joey Santiago, Filipino artist

1970: Beginning of the Battle for the control of  Kompong Speu in Cambodia

15 Jun 1970, Along Highway 4, Kompong Speu, South Vietnam --- Kompong Speu, South Vietnam: At the Northern edge of town of Kompong Speu, 25 miles Southwest of Phnom Penh, fighting between Vietcong, North Vietnamese and Cambodian forces in the center of town is still continuing. Photo shows Cambodian soldiers are lined in position along Highway 4. --- Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

1975: In Hanoi, opening of talks between Vietnam and Cambodia

1991: Death in jail of Maung Thaw Ka, Burmese former Navy officer and democracy fighter, born in 1928

1995: Death of Rodel Naval, Filipino Singer, born on February 16, 1953

2008: Death of former Vietnamese premier Vo Van Kiet (1991-1997), born on November 23, 1922

On 10 June in Southeast Asian history



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Updated on June 10, 2019

1776: Death of Hsinbyushin, Burmese king, born on November 28, 1736

1945: Australian Imperial Forces land in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei

1946: Chinese troops complete their withdrawal from Hanoi

1969: In South Vietnam, the National Liberation Front announces the formation of a Provisional Revolutionary government of South Vietnam

1990: Birth of Valeen Montenegro, Filipina actress

1997: Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of Son Sen and 13 members of his familly before fleeing his northern stronghold


2011: The Philippine government decides to refer to the waters west of the country as “West Philippine Sea” after China issued a stern warning calling on its neighbors to “stop searching the possibility of exploiting resources” in the contested region without its permission

2015 : Indian parachute commandos in helicopters cross over the border into Myanmar to strike separatist bases in retaliation against an ambush in Manipur state last week that left 18 Indian soldiers dead, officials said

2015 : Myanmar’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi arrives in Beijing to meet with Chinese leaders, on a trip that will further underline the Nobel laureate’s apparent transition from human rights defender to pragmatic politician

2018: Myanmar lawyer Kyaw Hla Aung wins $1.1 million Aurora humanitarian prize