Category Archives: On this day in SEA history

On 22 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 22 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 22, 2018

1887 : Birth of Mateo Capinpin, Filipino Brigadier General
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1639/today-in-philippine-history-april-22-1887-mateo-capinpin-was-born-in-morong-rizal

1944: US forces invade Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings near Hollandia, now Jayapura
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/americans-launch-operation-persecution-in-the-pacific
http://pwencycl.kgbudge.com/H/o/Hollandia.htm

1970: Birth of Regine Velasquez, Filipina singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regine_Velasquez

1972: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts antiwar protest in several US large cities
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/antiwar-demonstrations-held

1978: Birth of Penny Tai Pei Nee, Malaysian singer and composer
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/03/29/penny-tai/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7mc2NKkX7KA

2001: In Vietnam, Nong Duc Manh is elected General Secretary of the Communist Party replacing Le Kha Phieu, up to January 19, 2011
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N%C3%B4ng_%C4%90%E1%BB%A9c_M%E1%BA%A1nh

2010: Thailand’s prime minister called an emergency meeting of security officials, after a series of explosions hit the capital of Bangkok, killing at least three people and injuring at least 70 others
http://www.france24.com/en/20100422-thailand-bangkok-blasts-business-district-red-shirts-army-military
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8637855.stm

2011: Cambodian and Thai troops in border clash. Several soldiers reported dead as fighting shatters two-month lull in long-standing tensions between the two nations
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-13167455

2013: EU foreign ministers agree to lift the last of the bloc’s trade, economic and individual sanctions against Myanmar, hailing « a new chapter » with the Southeast Asian country
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-22254493

On 21 April in Southeast Asian history

Bangkok 1822

ON 21 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 21, 2018

900 AD: The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (the earliest known written document found in what is now the Philippines) : the Honourable Namwaran and his children, Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are granted pardon from all their debts by the Commander and Chief of Tundun, as represented by the Honourable Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pailah. Luzon, Philippines
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laguna_Copperplate_Inscription

1521: In the Philippines, Ferdinand Magellan baptisms Cebu island chief Rajah Humabon, his wife Ratu Humanay and 500 of their followers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajah_Humabon

http://pinoy-culture.com/who-was-hara-humahay-the-queen-of-cebu/

1782: The city of Rattanakosin, now known internationally as Bangkok, is founded on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya River by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama 1) as his new capital
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/thailand/bangkok/history
http://www.hellosiam.com/html/Bangkok/Bangkok%20-%20history.htm

Bangkok 1822

1879: Birth of Raden Ajeng Kartini, Indonesian leading feminist who died on September 17, 1904
http://www.myhero.com/myhero/hero.asp?hero=kartini_indonesia_05_ul
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kartini

R. A. Kartini

1954: Birth of Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebiet_G._Ade

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EIX5TwrEJ1A

1975: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu resigns and flees to Taiwan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_2935000/2935347.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thieu-flees-saigon-as-xuan-loc-falls

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xfEJJiGw2g

1997: Death of Diosdado Pangan Macapagal, 9th president of the Philippines (1961-1965) born on 28 September 1910
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15013858

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syPi-wCXGuM

2014: Death of Win Tin, one of the founders of Myanmar’s pro-democracy opposition and the nation’s longest-serving political prisoner
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/01/win-tin
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/10779690/Win-Tin-obituary.html

2016: Laos National Assemby names 78-year-old Bounnhang Vorachit for the nation’s President post while Tongloun Sisoulith, 70, will take on the prime ministerial role
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2016/04/laos-elects-new-president-and-pm-during-inaugural-national-assembly-meeting/

 

Holidays and observances

Indonesia: Kartini Day

On 20 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 20 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 20, 2018

1752: Start of Konbaung–Hanthawaddy War, a new phase in the Burmese Civil War (1740–57)
https://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/c1700s/yr50/konbaunghanthawaddy.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konbaung%E2%80%93Hanthawaddy_War

1967: Us planes bomb North Vietnam port Haiphong for the first time during Vietnam War
http://www.historycentral.com/Vietnam/FirstHaiphong.html

1970: US President Nixon announces that 150,000 soldiers will come back from Vietnam before the end of the year
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-announces-more-troop-withdrawals

1972: In Burma, General San Yu is appointed commander in chief of Tatmadaw or Armed forces of Burma
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Yu

1996: Death of Tran Van Tra, communist Vietnamese general and politician, born in 1918
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-general-tran-van-tra-1306863.html
http://www.nytimes.com/1996/04/25/world/tran-van-tra-of-vietnam-77-commander-in-tet-offensive.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tran_Van_Tra

Tran Van Tra

2003: In Thailand, by 323 votes vs 16, Banyat Bantadtan, 61, succeeds Chuan Leekpai as president of the Democratic Party, the only one opposition force in the parliament
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banyat_Bantadtan

2013: The European Union will drop most sanctions against Burma to reward the country’s progress toward democracy, two EU diplomats said
http://asiancorrespondent.com/105934/diplomats-eu-to-drop-sanctions-against-burma/
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/burmamyanmar/10006542/EU-to-lift-sanctions-against-Burma-permanently.html

On 19 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 19 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Southeast Asian history »

Updated on April 19, 2018

1901: In the Philippines, Aguinaldo’s Proclamation of Formal Surrender to the United States
http://filipino.biz.ph/history/ag010419.html

1937: Birth of Joseph Estrada president of the Philippines from July 1998 to January 2001
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1063976.stm
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1078/today-in-philippine-history-april-19-1937-erap-estrada-was-born-in-tondo-manila

1948: Burma (now Myanmar) joins the United Nations

1964: In Laos, rightist military coup. Neutral Souvanna Phuma remains as Premier

1966: Australian troops leave for Vietnam to help the United States, according to a mutual defense agreement signed in 1951

1971: Vietnam Veterans Against the War, begin a five-day demonstration in Washington DC
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_Veterans_Against_the_War
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/vietnam-veterans-against-the-war-demonstrate

1974: Birth of Akara Amarttayakul, Thai actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akara_Amarttayakul

1981: Birth of Napakpapha Nakprasitte, Thai film actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napakpapha_Nakprasitte
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0624939/

1990: Birth of Kim Chiu, Filipino actress
http://www.kimchiu.org/biography.html
http://vimeo.com/35500379

 

On 18 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 18 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on 18 April 2018

1613: In now Indonesia, Dutch take Solor from Portuguese. Portuguese Dominicans move headquarters to Larantuka, Flores

1877: Birth of Vicente Sotto, Filipino patriot and author who died on July 16, 1950
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicente_Sotto

1955: Opening of the Afro-Asian Bandung Conference
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian-African_Conference
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675033805_Afro-Asian-conference_Pandit-Nehru_conference-hall_dignitaries-from-Asia-and-Africa

1958: In Indonesia, government troops re-conquer Padang in central Sumatra, hold by around 800 rebel troops led by Lieutenant-Colonel Hussein

1964: Birth of Rithy Panh, Cambodia-born French documentary film director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rithy_Panh
http://jinja.apsara.org/rithypanh.htm

1977: Birth of Anna Fegi, Filipino singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Fegi

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5kH1IbdxBc

1979: Breaking off of negotiations between China and Vietnam which were opened on April 14

1999: Death of Philippines born-Chinese general Ye Fei, anti-Japanese war hero
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ye_Fei

2005: In Malaysia, beginning of talks between Muslim separatists of MILF and Philippine government

2006: Opening of the 10th congress of the Communist party of Vietnam (up to April 25)

2014: Seven people were killed in a gun battle between border guards and Chinese illegal migrants at a remote frontier crossing in northeast Vietnam

2016: A Chinese military aircraft publicly lands at a new airport on an artificial island in the South China Sea for the first time, raising the prospect that Beijing could base fighter jets there
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2016-04-18/chinese-military-plane-makes-first-public-landing-on-disputed-south-china-sea-island/1570820
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-04/19/content_15418232.html

2017: Myanmar publisher who criticised establishment is found stabbed to death
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/myanmar-publisher-who-criticised-establishment-is-found-stabbed/3687830.html

 

On 17 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 17 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 17, 2018

1734: Birth of Taksin, king of Siam (Thailand) from December 1768 to April 1782, who was executed on 7 April 1782
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taksin

1898: Francisco Makabulos establish the Makabulos Republic
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1074/today-in-philippine-history-on-april-17-1898-francisco-makabulos-established-the-makabulos-republic
http://bayanihan.org/2010/04/18/today-in-history-65/
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Francisco_Macabulos

1948: Elpidio Quirino becomes president of the Philippines, up to December 1954
http://www.biography.com/people/elpidio-quirino-37511

1958: The occupation of Padang by the Indonesian forces starts the end to the Sumatra rebellion (secretly supported by CIA) which started on February 5
http://www.north-sulawesi.org/nhistory.html

1975: Khmer Rouge capture Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cambodia-falls-to-the-khmer-rouge
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/18/khmer-rouge-cambodia-1975
http://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/citys-fall

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qncy06fN8LA

1975-04-17-Bangkok-World

2007: In Thailand, hundreds of monks demonstrate, demanding that Buddhism to be recognized as national religion in the coming new constitution

2008: After two months in Australia where he has been in hospital after to be wounded in a killing attempt, President Ramos-Horta comes back to East Timor
http://www.reuters.com/article/2008/04/17/us-timor-ramoshorta-idUSJAK13332120080417

2014: Death in a car crash of Karpal Singh, Malaysian lawyer and politician, former chairman of opposition Democratic Action Party, born on June 28, 1940
http://cj.my/post/94847/timeline-a-tribute-to-the-tiger-of-jelutong/
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/karpal-singh-lawyer-and-politician-who-devoted-his-life-to-defending-human-rights-activists-and-prisoners-on-death-row-9290540.html

On 16 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 16 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 16, 2018

1516: Birth of Tabinshwehti, King of Burma, who was killed on 30 April 1550
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabinshwehti
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2017/06/monarch-profile-king-tabinshwehti-of.html

1899: Death of Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, born on December 15, 1875
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emilio_Jacinto

1960: Birth of Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician, killed on 13 November 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahab_Akbar
http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php/Wahab_Akbar

1968: In Burma, Bo Zeya, commander-in-chief of the communist guerilla faction called « white flag » is killed during an military operation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_Burma

1972: Prompted by the Nguyen Hue offensive, the United States resumes bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/united-states-resumes-bombing-of-hanoi-and-haiphong

2001: In the Philippines, former president Joseph Estrada is officially charged for corruption but released on bail

2006: In the Philippines, President decides to commute 1,200 death sentences to life in jail. In fact no death sentence has been executed since 2000

2008: In Malaysia, the Makkal Osai Daily, a leading Tamil-language newspaper, critical to the government is banned
http://scottthong.wordpress.com/tag/makkal-osai/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tmpNhr3y4-w

2009: Thaksin Shinawatra, the exiled Thailand prime minister, gets a Nicaraguan passport naming him an « ambassador on a special mission », saying he can help bring in investment
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/04/200941644555101354.html

 

On 15 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 15 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 15, 2018

1549: Saint Francis Xavier leaves Goa to Malacca and Hong Kong

1847: Battle of Tourane (now Danang), 2 French warships sink the Annam (now Vietnam) fleet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Tourane
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Bombardment_of_Tourane

1900: During the Philippine–American War, Filipino guerrillas launch a surprise attack on U.S. infantry and begin a four-day siege of Catubig, Philippines
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Catubig
http://gugma.samarnews.net/articles/article29.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYW2qEyGO2k

1938: Birth of Hso Khan Pha, Burmese politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hso_Khan_Pha
http://users.panola.com/AAGHS/help.html

1946: Vyner Brooke, White Rajah of Sarawak (Borneo) comes back from exile in Australia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Vyner_Brooke
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1367066/The-White-Rajahs-The-extraordinary-story-Victorian-adventurer-subjugated-vast-swathe-Borneo.html

1948: Death of Manuel Roxas, first president of the Philippines since May 28, 1946. Elpidio Quirino becomes president
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1431/today-in-philippine-history-april-15-1948-president-roxas-died-of-heart-attack-in-clark-air-force-base
https://bloomspresidents.wordpress.com/manuel-a-roxas/

1960: Visit of Chinese Prime Minister  Zhou Enlai to Burma, India and Nepal, up to 30 April

1962: Death of Arsenio Lacson, Filipino politician and sportswriter, born on December 26, 1911
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenio_Lacson

1964: France refuses to vote the SEATO declaration on the defense of South Vietnam

1970: During the Cambodian Civil War, massacres of the Vietnamese minority results in 800 bodies flowing down the Mekong River into South Vietnam
http://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/c1900s/yr70/fcambodia1970.htm

1985: Birth of Diana Zubiri, Filipino actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana_Zubiri

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MXNnhjUba_g

1992: The National Assembly of Vietnam adopts the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
http://www.moj.gov.vn/vbpq/en/lists/vn%20bn%20php%20lut/view_detail.aspx?itemid=10450

1993: Death of Leslie Charteris, Singapore-born author, born on 12 May 1907
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/04/18/obituaries/leslie-charteris-dies-mystery-writer-was-85.html
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-leslie-charteris-1456319.html

1998: Death of Pol Pot, Cambodian Khmer Rouge leader, born on 19 May 1925

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/78981.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pol-pot-dies
http://www.theguardian.com/world/1999/jan/21/cambodia

2006: In Thailand, elections for the upper house. On the 200 senators, at least 106 are relative or members of the Thai Rak Thai

2012: In the second round of presidential election in East Timor, Taur Matan Ruak is elected with 61 % of the votes
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/04/2012416233543425697.html

On 14 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 14 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 14, 2018

1863: First Treaty of Hue between France and Annam. Three Vietnamese ports are opened (Tourane, Balat and Quang Yen). Missionary activity is permitted
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Hu%E1%BA%BF_(1863)
http://www.luminous-lint.com/app/home/?action=ACT_SING_IM&p1=498504928496134429183545519

1946: Dutch and Indonesian representatives begin talks at Hoge Veluwe in the Netherlands. The talks are unsuccessful

1960: Birth of Myoma Myint Kywe, Burmese historian and journalist
https://www.booksie.com/users/myoma-myint-kywe-86512

1965: As USA and Indonesia are deteriorating, Peace Corps volunteers begin their withdrawing

1975: The American airlift of Vietnamese orphans to the United States (Operation Babylift) ends after 2,600 children are transported to America


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/operation-baby-lift-concludes
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3801399/Incredible-pictures-planes-packed-orphaned-babies-fleeing-war-torn-Vietnam-adoption-U-S-families-controversial-Operation-Babylift.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RXjoLHRy0EQ

1976: In Cambodia, Khieu Samphan is nominated as president of the Democratic Kampuchea Presidium, replacing Prince Sihanouk who resigned on 5 April, with Pol Pot as the government leader
http://www.seasite.niu.edu/khmer/ledgerwood/biographies.htm

1979: Opening of Sino-Vietnamese negotiations in Hanoi (broken on 18)

1979: Birth of King Girado, Filipino singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Girado

2002: In East Timor, in the first presidential election since independence, Xanana Gusmao is elected with 82,69 % of the votes
http://timor-leste.gov.tl/?p=3&lang=en

2008: Former vice-prime minister Anwar Ibrahim marks the end of his five-year ban to be involved in politics by a large gathering forbidden by police

2009: A Bangkok court issues arrest warrants for Thaksin Shinawatra, the exiled former prime minister of Thailand, and 13 of his supporters after violent demonstrations that left two people dead and scores injured. The anti-government « Red Shirts » called off their protests earlier on 14 April as the military tightened its grip on the city
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/04/2009414122215253915.html
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=14974&size=A

 

On 13 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 13 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 13, 2018

548: Death of Ly Nam De, emperor of Vietnam, born on October 17, 503
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ly_Nam_De

Ly Nam de

1968: Birth of Jimmy Nah, Singapore actor and comedian who died on January 4, 2008
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Nah

1972: Three North Vietnamese divisions attack An Loc, the capital of Binh Long Province 65 miles northwest of Saigon, taking half the city after a day of close combat 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnamese-launch-major-attack-on-an-loc

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCTdsKQYAw8

2007: In Singapore, the government bans a forum which purpose was to criticize the 80 % increase of its members making the politicians the most paid in the world

 

Holidays and observances

New Year festivals in Cambodia, Laos and Thailand