ON 17 OCTOBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY
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Updated on October 17, 2018
1887: Foundation of the Indochina Union including the French protectorates of Cambodia, Annam and Tonkin
1943: The 415-km Thailand Burma railroad ( Death Railway ) between Bangkok, Thailand and Rangoon, Burma is completed. During the construction of the railway approximately 13,000 prisoners of war and 100,000 civilians. Part of the railway was “The Bridge on the River Kwai” which was later made into a movie.
1947: In London, Clement Attlee and Thakin Nu sign the « Treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and the Provisional Government of Burma Regarding the Recognition of Burmese Independence and Related Matters »
1950: Americano-Siamese security agreement
1953: Signature of a friendship and association treaty between France and Laos
1953: Franco-Cambodian agreement on the transfer of competences in military matters
1992: Death of Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician, born on May 28, 1912
2009: Thousands of « red shirt » protesters rally in Bangkok, seeking a royal pardon for Thaksin Shinawatra, the country’s fugitive former prime minister
2013: Death of Sein Win, a renowned journalist in Myanmar who championed press freedom and endured three stints in prison as he chronicled several decades of his country’s turbulent history, at age 91.
2014: Six Myanmar journalists have been jailed by a Yangon court for « state defamation » amid mounting concern over a roll back of press freedom in the former junta-run state
2014: China and Vietnam agree to “address and control” maritime disputes, Chinese state media said, as differences over the potentially energy-rich South China Sea have spoiled relations between the two countries and other neighbours
2017: Declassified US files reveal new details of Indonesia’s mid-60s mass killings