Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 21 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 21, 2018

1921: Birth of Jaymala Shiledar, Indian actor and singer who died on August 8, 2013

1978: Birth of Bhumika Chawla, Indian Actress

1984: Birth of Barun Sobti, Indian actor

1995: Death of Subrahmanyan Chandrasehkhar, Indian-born astrophysicist, Nobel Prize 1983, born on October 19, 1910

1997: Afghanistan suspends its embassy operations in the United States

2002: In Pakistan, President General Pervez Musharraf unilaterally amends the Pakistani constitution. He expands his term in office and grants himself powers that include the right to dissolve parliament

2004: In Bangladesh, a grenade attack against the main political party, the Awami league, causes 22 dead. Its leader, Sheikh Hasina, is wounded

2006: Death of Ustad Bismillah Khan, Indian musician, born on March 21, 1916

2007: In Bangladesh, Violent confrontation between students and police. Students demand the withdrawal of troops from campus and politics

2010: Pakistan accepts five million dollars in flood aid from India in a rare gesture of goodwill between the two bitter rivals. Twenty million people have been affected by Pakistan’s worst natural disaster in decades

2015 : Ranil Wickremesinghe, UNP leader, is sworn-in as Sri Lanka’s new Prime Minister


On 20 August in South Asian history

Kapu Rajaiah


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Updated on August 20, 2018

1762: Birth of Shah Waliullah, Indian scholar, born on February 21, 1703

1944: Birth of Rajiv Gandhi, Indian prime minister (1984 – 1989), assassinated on May 21, 1991

1971: Death of Rashid Minhas, Pakistani Air Force hero pilot, born on February 17, 1951

1974: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed becomes the 5th president of India, up to his resignation  on February 11, 1977

1979: Indian Premier Charan Singh resigns

1984: Birth of Tsokye Karchung, Bhutanese beauty queen, Miss Bhutan 2008

1998: In retaliation to bombs attacks against its embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, USA strikes Islamist training camps in Afghanistan

2004: Lyonpo Yeshey Zimba becomes again Prime Minister of Bhutan

2006: Sri Lankan Tamil politician, newspaper publisher and former member of parliament S. Sivamaharajah is shot dead

2009: Presidential elections in Afghanistan

2011: Death of Ram Sharan Sharma, Indian historian and academic, born on November 26, 1919

2012: Death of Kapu Rajaiah, Indian painter, born on April 7, 1925

Kapu Rajaiah

2013: Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan’s former military ruler, has been charged with murder of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, who died in a gun and bomb attack in December 2007

2013: Narendra Dabholkar, Indian anti-superstition activist, is murdered, born on August 1, 1945

2017: Bangladesh sentences 10 to death for plot to kill PM Hasina


Holidays and observances

Nepal: Father’s Day

On 19 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 19, 2018

1907: Birth of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Indian historian, author, and scholar who died on May 19, 1979

Hazari Prasad Dwivedi

 1918: Birth of Shankar Dayal Sharma, President of India from 1992 to 1997

1919: By the treaty of Rawalpindi, signed on August 8, Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom

1935: Birth of Zahir Raihan, Bangladeshi author and director who died on December 30, 1092

1944: Last Japanese troops are driven out of India

1950: Birth of Sudha Murthy, Indian social worker and writer

1993: Death of Utpal Dutt, Indian actor, born on March 29, 1929

1994: After the August 16 large victory of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Chandrika Kumaratunga is elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

2014: Death of Adyar K. Lakshman, Indian dancer and choreographer, born on December 16, 1933

2014: Death of Odessa Sathyan, Indian director and producer, born on October 10, 1957


Holidays and observances

Afghanistan: Afghan Independence Day

On 18 August in South Asian history

1945-08-1945 Death of Subhas Chandra Bose


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Updated on August 18, 2018

1227: Death of Genghis Khan, Khagan of Mongol Empire

genghis khan 2

1700: Birth of Baji Rao I, general and peshwa (PM) of Indian Maratha kingdom, who died on 25 April 1740

1932: Birth of Muhammad Khan Junejo, Pakistan’s PM (1985-1988) who died in March 1993

1934: Birth of Gulzar, Indian director, producer, and songwriter

1942: A group of freedom fighter of Sherpur hoisted the Tricoloure at Mohammadabad Tehsil, Ghazipur India

1945: Death of Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian freedom fighter and founder of the All India Forward Block, born on 23 January 18971945-08-1945 Death of Subhas Chandra Bose

1947: Pakistan becomes member of the United Nations by a unanimous vote of the Security Council

1967: Birth of Daler Mehndi, Indian bhangra/pop singer

1979: Birth of Mohib Mirza, Pakistani actor

1980: Birth of Preeti Jhangiani, Indian actress

1982: Japanese election law is amended to allow for proportional representation

1998: Death from a massive heart attack of Persis Khambatta, Indian actress, born on 2 October 1948

2006: In Afghanistan, foundation of the United National Front, a new political party formed by warlords

2008: General Pervez Musharraf resigns as president of Pakistan

2011: Detained Indian anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare agrees to a police offer which will permit him to go on hunger strike in a park for 15 days

On 17 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 17, 2018

1866: Birth of Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad, who died on December 12, 1911

1909: Indian revolutionary, Madan Lal Dhingra is hanged in Pentonville prison for Sir Wyllie and Lalkaka murders, born on September 18, 1883

1932: Birth of V. S. Naipaul, West Indian writer, Nobel Laureate 2001

1946: Muslim riots in several large Indian cities for an independent Pakistan

1947: The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed

1947: After the Independence of India, the first contingent of British troops sailed for home

1963: Birth of S. Shankar, Indian film director

1974: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, candidate of the Congress Party is elected president of India, sworn on 24,_1974

1981: In Sri Lanka, state of emergency is declared after ethnic clashes between Singhalese and Tamil

1983: Three Afghan nationalist moderate movements announce their alliance and support king Zaher Shah in exile in Italy

1988: General Zia-ul-Haq, president of Pakistan, is killed in a plane crash near Bahawalpur

 1988-08-17 muhammad-zia-ul-haq-crashed-airplane

2005: Over 500 bombs are set off by terrorists at 300 locations in 63 out of the 64 districts of Bangladesh

2006: Death of Shamsur Rahman, Bengali poet

2015 : Sri Lanka’s ruling United National Party has won the most seats in the island’s parliamentary August 17 elections, blocking former President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s attempt to return to power


On 16 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 16, 2018

1765: In India, Robert Clive signs the treaty of Allahabad by which Great-Britain will have the monopoly of the collection of tax in Bengal, Orissa and Bihar

1765-08-16 Traité de Allahabad
1886: Death of Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda, born in February 1836

1946: Direct Action Day or The Great Calcutta Killing begins, in which more than 4,000 would be killed in 72 hours…/direct-action-day-also-known-as-the-great-calcutta-killingthe-great-calcutta-killing

1961: Death of Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar

1962: Eight years after the remaining French India territories were handed to India, the ratifications of the treaty are exchanged to make the transfer official

1969: Varahagiri Venkata Giri is elected president of India (starting on August 24)

1970: Birth of Manisha Koirala, Nepalese Bollywood actress

1970: Birth of Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor

1971: The Bangladeshi Freedom Fighters explode several Pakistani warships in Chittagong

1994: In Sri Lanka, land slide election victory of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, led by Chandrika Kumaratunga,_1994

1997: Noted Pakistani singer, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, born on October 13, 1948, passes away

2011: In India, police arrest Anna Hazare and detains 1,400 of his supporters ahead of a mass fast to protest against corruption.

On 15 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 15, 2018

1798: Birth of Sangolli Rayanna, a prominent freedom fighter from Karnataka, India, executed on January 26, 1831

1872: Birth of Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru, who died on December 5, 1950

1912: Birth of Amir Khan, Indian singer who died on February 13, 1974

1945: Birth of Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician, leader of the opposition

1947: India gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes an independent nation within the Commonwealth , Jawaharlal Nehru addresses the nation with the Indian Declaration of Independence and takes office as the first Prime Minister of India–India-Gains-Independence-from-Britain.html

1947: Birth of Raakhee Gulzar, Indian actress

1947: The founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor General of Pakistan at Karachi

1949: French gives back the administration of Chandernagor to the Indian authorities

1955: The « Pacifist Movement » for the incorporation of Portugese Indies into India triggers riots in  Goa

1961: Birth of Suhasini Maniratnam, Indian Actress

1965: During the Second Indo-Pakistani War, Indian forces crossed the border and launched an attack on the territory of Kashmir administered by Pakistan

1975: Military coup in Bangladesh. President Sheikh Mujibur Rehman is killed along with all family members, except Haseena Wajid

2004: Death of Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician

2008: Maoist leader Prachanda is elected as Nepal’s Prime Minister


Holidays and observances

India: Independence Day (from the United Kingdom, 1947)

On 14 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 14, 2018

1774: Birth of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian Freedom fighter and social reformer, who died on September 27, 1833

1911: Birth of Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian spiritual leader, who died on March 28, 2006

1924: Birth of Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, 16th Karmapa Lama, Tibetan religious figure, who died on November 5, 1981

1947: Pakistan gains Independence from the British Indian Empire under the administration of United Kingdom and joins the British Commonwealth

1947-08-14 Indépendance

1957 : Birth of Bollywood actor and comedian Johnny Lever

1952: In Nepal, end of a royal coup d’état. The king takes personnaly the power

1973: The constitution of 1973 comes into effect in Pakistan

2000: Pakistan’s President Musharraf introduces Local Government Ordinance

2006: In Sri Lanka, a girls school is bombed by government troops causing 61 people dead and 200 wounded

2011: Death of Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor and director, born on October 21, 1931

2011: Jhalanath Khanal, Nepal’s prime minister, submits his resignation to the president over failure to reach consensus on moving forward with the country’s peace process


Holidays and observances

Pakistan : Independence Day

On 13 August in South Asian history


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Upgrated on August 13, 2018

1784: British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government

1891: The three great defenders of Manipur, Senapati Tikendrajit Singh, his brothers, Agnesh Sena and General Thangal are hanged by the British

1954: Radio Pakistan broadcasts National Anthem of Pakistan for the first time

1963: Birth of Sridevi, Indian actress

1999: Death of Gopal Shankar Misra, Indian vichitra veena player and educator, born in 1957

2000: Death, due to lung cancer, of Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer, born April 3, 1965

2004: In the Maldives, state of emergency is proclaimed after a 3,000 thousand demonstration demanding the release of four democrats. Police arrest 286 people

2010: A court martial,founds the former Sri Lankan armed forces chief, General Sarath Fonseka, guilty of engaging in politics while on active service.

2011: Noted filmmaker Tareque Masud, media personality Ashfaque Munier Mishuk and three others died in a fatal road crash on Dhaka-Aricha highway in Manikganj, sending shockwaves through the nation

2012: Celebrity activist Baba Ramdev arrested after speaking to 10,000 supporters during anti-corruption protest in New Delhi

2016: Death of Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu leader, born on December 7, 1921

On 12 August in South Asian history


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Upgrated on August 12, 2018

1281: The fleet of Qubilai Khan is destroyed by a typhoon while approaching Japan

1602 : Emperor Akbar’s vizier, Abu’l Fazl is murdered on the instigation of Akbar’s son, prince Salim (who was later known by his imperial name, Jahangir)

1909: Birth of Muhammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan premier (1953-1955), who died on July 15, 1963

1919: Birth of Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist, who died on December 31, 1971

1924: Birth of general Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, dictator of Pakistan (1977-1988), who died on August 17, 1988


1955: After the forced resignation of Muhammad Ali Bogra, Chaudry Mohammed Ali is sworn in as 4th Pakistan’s PM (up to September 12, 1956)

1977: Start of Sri Lankan riots of 1977, targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamil people less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed

2005: Sri Lanka’s foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, born on February 12, 1932, is fatally shot by an LTTE sniper at his home

2005: Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives

2013: Grandpass mosque in Colombo (Sri Lanka) is shut down after the violent attack by some Buddhist monks. The authorities carried out the order agreeing to the demands of the attackers who want the place of worship dismantled