Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 15 October in South Asian history

1997-10-15 WTC attack


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Updated on October 15, 2019

1542: Birth of Akbar the Great who ruled the Mughal empire in India from 1556 to 1605

1754: Joseph François Dupleix, Governor general of the establishments in India, returns to France

1914: Birth of Mohammed Zahir Shah, king of Afghanistan (1933-1973) who died on July 23, 2007

1918: Death of Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint, born on September 28, 1835

1929: Nadir Khan sizes the throne of Afghanistan after a 3-way power struggle. His tribal Wazir army looted government buildings and houses of wealthy citizens because the treasury was empty. Habibullah Kalakani and supporters of Amanullah Khan are killed

1931: Birth of Aval Pakir Jainulabdeen Abduk Kalam, President of India (2002-2007)

1932: Tata Airlines (Now Air India) makes its first fly

1934: Birth of N. Ramani, Indian flutist

1946: Birth of Victor Banerjee, Indian actor

Victor Bannerjee

1957: Birth of Mira Nair, Indian female film maker

1961: Death of Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’, Indian poet and author, born on February 21, 1896’Nirala

1997: In Sri Lanka 18 people were killed in a series of bomb blasts in downtown Colombo and some 110 were injured. The blasts occurred at the World Trade Cente

1997-10-15 WTC attack

1999: Security Council demands that Taliban turn over Usama Bin Laden to appropriate authorities

1999: In Pakistan Gen’l. Pervez Musharraf declared a state of emergency and suspended the constitution


On 14 October in South Asian history


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Updated on October 14, 2019

1643: Birth of Bahadur Shah I, Mughal emperor who rules briefly India and died on February 27, 1712

1882: Foundation of the University of Punjab (Lahore), today in Pakistan

1931: Birth of Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician who died on January 27, 1986

1947: In Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Don Stephen Senanayake is elected Prime Minister up to 1952

1955: West Pakistan province is founded

1956: Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Indian Untouchable caste leader, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 of his followers


1984: From all parts of Bangladesh, 2 million people converge to Dacca demanding the end of the two and half year Martial Law



On 13 October in South Asian history


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Updated on October 13, 2019

1911: Birth of Ashok Kumar, Indian actor who died on December 10, 2001)

1911: Death of Sister Nivedita, social worker from Irish origine, born on October 28, 1867


1924: Birth of Moturu Udayam, Indian woman’s activist who died on March 31, 2002

1929: After the collapse of central authority under Amanullah, Nadir Khan united a variety of tribal factions to reclaim Kabul and subsequently name himself king, or Nadir Shah

1936 : Birth of Chitti Babu, renowned Veena player, who died on February 9, 1996

1946: In the British India the Muslim League agrees to take part to the cabinet

1948: Birth of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician and singer who died on August 16,  1997

1987: Death of Kishore Kuma, Indian singer, born on August 4, 1929

2006: Bangladeshi Muhammad Yunus is awarded Peace Nobel Prize

2011: Bhutan king Jigme Wangchuk marries commoner Jetsun Pema

2015 : Amid mounting pressure on Nepal’s government over dwindling supplies of goods from India due to the ongoing violent agitation over the new Constitution, China reopened its border with Nepal in Tibet which Chinese officials say will see “explosive growth” in trade

2016: The Maldives has withdrawn from the Commonwealth, accusing it of interfering in domestic affairs and « unfair and unjust » treatment


On 12 October in South Asian history


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Updated on October 12, 2019

1754: Joseph François Dupleix, general governor of French trading posts in India, returns to France

1871: The Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) enacted by British rule in India, will named over 160 local communities ‘Criminal Tribes’, i.e. hereditary criminals

1879: British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan

1930: Birth of Subrata Mitra, Indian cinematographer, a master of black-and-white film photography, who died on December 7, 2001

1962: India decides to expel the Chinese troops from North East Frontier Area (NEFA)

1962: In Beijing, beginning of border talks with Pakistan

1967: Death of Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian freedom fighter, born on March 23, 1910


1970: Death of Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet, born on October 10, 1930

Mustafa Zaidi

1981: Birth of Sneha, Indian actress

1988: Commandos of Indian Peace Keeping Force raided the Jaffna University campus to capture the LTTE chief and walked into a trap

1988: Birchandra Manu massacre in Tripura, India

1999: In Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf seized power in a bloodless coup that toppled Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The Supreme Court ruled that the coup was legal but insisted that a civilian government be restored within three years

2000: Ex-Indian Prime Minister Narasimha Rao is sentenced to three years in prison for corruption

2013: Maldives President Mohamed Waheed has pulled out of this year’s presidential election, after receiving 5% of the vote in the first round of the ballot.



On 11 October in South Asian history



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Updated on October 11, 2019

1572: Death of Sulaiman Khan Karrani, Sultan of Bengal

1737: Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta India

1902: Birth of Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader who died on October 8, 1979

1916: Birth of Nanaji Deshmukh, Indian educator and activist, influent member of the Bharaliya Jana Sangh who died on February 26, 2010

1942: Birth of Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor

1960: Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)

1962: Jawaharlal Nehru orders to free the North-East territories invaded by China

1967: Afghan Prime minister Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal resigns for health reason

1987: Start of Operation Pawan by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka. Few thousand ethnic Tamil civilians, several hundred Tamil Tigers and few hundred Indian Army soldiers will be killed


2002: Nepal king Gyanendra names Lokendra Bahadur Chand, leader of the royalist party, 63 ans, as Prime Minister of a nine-member cabinet

2002: Death of Dina Pathak, Indian actress, born on March 4, 1922

2007: Death of Sri Chinmoy Chinmoy Kumar Ghose East Bengal founder of the Sri Chinmoy meditation centres

2015 : Oli, of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), defeats by 338 votes to 249 former premier Sushil Koirala, who had stepped down from the top job as required by the constitution adopted on September 20


On 10 October in South Asian history


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Updated on October 10, 2019

1895: Birth of Sridhara Maharaja, a revered Indian guru

1902: Birth of K. Shivaram Karanth, Indian journalist, author, and activist who died on December 9, 1997

1906: Birth of R. K. Narayan, one of the most famous Indian modern writer

1930: Birth of Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet /

Mustafa Zaidi

1954: Birth of Rekha, Bollywood actress

1964: Death of Guru Dutt, Indian actor, director, and producer, born on July 9, 1925

2000: Death of Sirimavo Bandaranaike, three times Sri Lankan Prime Minister between 1960 and 2000

2001: In Bangladesh, Khaleda Zia becomes PM for the 3d time up to 29 October 2006,_Begum_Khaleda

2002: First free election in Pakistan since the military October 19, 1999 coup
Pakistan Muslim League- Quaid-e-Azam: 77 seats (pro-Musharraf)
Pakistan People’s Party: 63 (Pro-Bhutto)
Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal: 45 (Fundamentalits)
Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz: 14 (pro-Sharif)
Others: 68

2008: The United States and India sign a civilian nuclear co-operation accord to end 34 years of US sanctions

2008: In Pakistan, the 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing kills 110 and injures 200 more

2011: Indian singer Jagjit Singh dies

2013: Pakistani ex-President Pervez Musharraf is arrested over a 2007 mosque raid a day after the country’s supreme court granted him bail in another case.

2013: Pakistani schoolgirl and campaigner Malala Yousafzai, who was shot in the head by the Taliban, wins the EU’s Sakharov human rights prize.

2014: The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to India’s Kailash Satyarthi and Pakistan’s Malala Yousafzai for their struggles against the suppression of children and for young people’s rights, including the right to education

2015 : In a surprise move, Nepal’s Prime Minister Sushil Koirala files his nomination for re-election, a day before the parliament of the troubled Himalayan nation is expected to elect a new prime minister

2018: Bangladesh sentences 19 to death for 2004 political rally attack

On 9 October in South Asian history



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Updated on October 9, 2019

1594: The Portuguese army is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.

1835: A Royal College is established in Colombo, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) with the name Hillstreet Academy,_Colombo

1877: Birth of Gopabandhu Das, Indian journalist, poet, and activist who died on June 17, 1928

1945: Birth of Amjad Ali Khan, Indian sarod player

1949: Indian Territorial Army is established

1963: China rejects Indian offer of an international arbitration to solve their border dispute

1980: Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City

Dalai Lama and John Paul 2

1987: Death of Guru Gopinath, Indian classic dancer

1999: Death of Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries , born on July 15,  1914

2002: The Indian governement claims victory after completing a turbulent state election in Indian Kashmir which it long saw as an essential rite of passage before it could consider talks with Pakistan.

2004: First free Presidential elections in Afghanistan after the Taliban, won by Hamid Karzai with 55,5 % of the votes,_2004

2006: Death of Kanshi Ram, founder of India’s Bahujan Samaj Party (1984), died. The party was founded promote the interests of India’s low caste Hindus, also known as dalits, or untouchables.Born on March 15, 1934

Kanshi Ram

2011: In Sri Lanka, President’s UPFA claims victory in 22 out of 23 local councils in contest marred by shootout that left three dead.

2012: In Pakistan, 14 years old Malala Yousafzai, a young activist for the right of girls to go to school, is fired in the head by Taliban but survived and is now and international idol after been operated in UK


2015: Death of Ravindra Jain, Indian composer and director, born onFebruary 28, 1944


2017: An Indian court commuts the death sentences given by a lower court to 11 people after one of the many deadly riots that swept the western state of Gujarat 15 years ago in which more than 1,000 people died

Holidays and observances

Sri Lanka: Armed Forces Day






On 8 October in South Asian history


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Updated on October 8, 2019

1924: Birth of Thirunalloor Karunakaran, Indian poet who died on July 5, 2006

1926 : Birth of Raaj Kumar, Hindi film actor who died on July 3, 1996

1932: The Indian Air Force is established

1936: Death of Premchand, Indian author, born on July 31, 1880

1970: Birth of Gauri Khan, wife of Indian actor and producer Shahrukh Khan

1979: Death of Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian activist and politician, born on October 11, 1902

1998: Taliban forces attack Iranian border posts. Iran said that three border posts were destroyed before the Taliban forces were forced to retreat.

2005: A powerful quake hits Kashmir with more than 75,000 victims

2008: Maldives islanders in the cramped city of Male and scores of far-flung atolls began voting in the first democratic presidential election in their tiny nation’s history

2009: Kabul blast outside India embassy in Afghanistan. At least 12 people are killed and more than 80 injured in a car bomb explosion

2013: Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader,The founder of the first Tibetan Buddhist center in Europe is stabbed to death in China, born in 1940


Holidays and observances

India: Air Force Day

On 7 October in South Asian history


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Updated on October 7, 2019

1661: Guru Har Krishan, born on July 7, 1656, becomes the 8th guru of Sikhism, died on March 30, 1664

1708: Death of Guru Gobing Singh the 10th Sikh guru

1737: 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft & kill 300,000 in Bengal, India

1914: Birth of Begum Akhtar, Indian singer who died on October 30, 1974

1947: Battles between Hindus and Moslems in New Delhi

1950: Mother Teresa received permission from the Holy See to start her own order “The Missionaries for Charity”

1950: Invasion of Tibet by China starts in the provinces of Kham and Amdo

1958: President of Pakistan Iskander Mirza with the support of Ayub Khan and the army, suspends the 1956 constitution, imposes martial law and cancels the elections scheduled for January 1959

1965: China announces it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border

2001: United States launches Operation Enduring Freedom, its attack on the Taliban and al-Qaeda militants in Afghanistan, in response to the 11th September attack on America

2010: Afghan President Hamid Karzai inaugurates the High Peace Council, charged with negotiating with the Taliban and other insurgents that have been attempting to destabilize the country since start of the US-led invasion nine years ago

2013: The Maldives Supreme Court annulls results from the first round of voting in presidential elections, and called a fresh ballot for 20 October.

On 6 October in South Asian history


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Updated on October 6, 2019

1661: Death of guru Har Rai, seventh Sikh guru, born on January 16, 1630

1879: During the Second Afghan War, battle of Charasiab


1893: Birth of Meghnad Saha, Indian astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic who died on February 16, 1956

1946: Birth of Vinod Khanna, Indian actor

1950: Battle of Markham Gartok, during the invasion of the Tibet by China

1955: Ghulam Mohammad, the governor-general of Pakistan is replaced by Iskander Mirza

1982: Birth of Meiyang Chаng, Indian actor, singer, anchor and dancer

1983: In India, after serious attack by Sikh nationalists against police and Hindu people, the state of Punjab is put under direct control of the central government

1993: In Pakistan’s elections, Benazir Bhutto, the leader of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), captures the most seats in the nation’s Parliament, thus she will be Prime Minister for the second time (her first tenure was from 1988-1990)