Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 11 December in South Asian history

1971-12-11 Battle of Bogra


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Updated on December 11, 2018

1780: After Warren Hastings, the Governor-General of Bengal, adopted strong measures to retrieve the prestige of the Company,   a strong force under Colonel Goddard captures Bassein

1882: Birth of Subramanya Barathi, Tamil poet who was a militant for India independence and died on September 1921

1911: Death of Nepal king Prithvi Bir Shah. His son Tribhuvan succceds him

1922: Birth of Dilip Kumar, Indian actor

1931: Birth of Rajneesh, Indian religious leader, also  known as Osho (Chandra Mohan Jain), Indian spiritual and philosophical figure,  died on January 19, 1990

1935: Birth of Pranad Mukherjee, a closed ally of  Gandhi family, president of India from 2012 to 2017

1954: Birth of Prachanda (Puspa Kamal Dahal), leader  of the Maoists in Nepal

1971: End of the Battle of Hilli or the Battle of Bogra, a major battle  fought in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation War. It is  generally regarded as the most pitched battle that took place in East Pakistan,  now Bangladesh Battle of Bogra

1979: Mother Teresa receives her Peace Nobel Prize

Mother Teresa 1979 Nobel Peace Prize

1980: Birth of Jamshad, known as Arya, a Kerala-born  Indian movie actor in Tamil films

1983: General Hossein Mohammad Ershad, who has deposed president Sattar  in March 1982, proclames himself president of the Republic of Bangladesh

1987: Death of G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi)  writer, born on July 10, 1923

1991: Salman Rushdie, Indian writer, under an Islamic  death sentence for blasphemy, made his first public appearance since 1989 in  New York, at a dinner marking the 200th anniversary of the First Amendment  (which guarantees freedom of speech in the U.S.)

1998: Death of Kavi Pradeep, Indian poet and songwriter, born on February 6, 1915

2000: Death of Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, a prominent  female pakistani politician, diplomat and author, born on July 22, 1915

2004: Death of M.S. Subbulakshmi, Indian singer, born  on September 16, 1916

2012: Death of Ravi Shankar, Indian sitar player and composer, born on April 7, 1920

2013: Death of Sheikh Mussa Shariefi, Indian scholar, born in 1942

Sheikh Mussa Shariefi

2015; Hema Upadhyay, Indian painter and sculptor is murdered, born in 1972

2017: India’s Rahul Gandhi is elected president of Congress Party


On 10 December in South Asian history


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Updated on December 10, 2018

1510: Portuguese naval forces under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque and local mercenaries working for privateer Timoji seize Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate, resulting in 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule

1750: Birth of Tipu Sultan, king of Mysore, who died on May 4, 1799

1878: Birth of Rajaji (Rajagopalachari), India’s freedom fighter first and last Indian Governor General after independence (1948-1950) who died on December 25, 1972

1948: Birth of Jasuben Shilpi, Indian sculptor “The bronze woman of India” who died on January 13, 2013

1953: Death of Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Pakistani Islamic scholar who translated the Quran into English, born on 14 April 1872

1962: In Colombo, opening of the sixth non-aligned countries conference (end on 12th). Mrs Bandaranaike, Sri Lanka Prime Minister, will lead a conciliatory mission between India and Pakistan

1980: Official visit of Soviet leader Leonid Brejnev to India. The common communiqué don’t mention Afghanistan

1981: The United Nations General Assembly approves Pakistan proposal for establishing nuclear free-zone in South Asia

1982: Birth of Shilpa Anand, Indian film and television actress

2001: Death of Ashok Kumar, Indian actor, born on October 13, 1911

2007: Afghan army troops capture the Taleban-held town of Musa Qala, taken by Taleban in February despite a deal with tribal elders when UK troop withdrew

2012: Death of Iajuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi academic and politician, 13th President of Bangladesh (2002-2009), born on February 28, 1931

Iajuddin Ahmed 2

2013: Death of Srikanta Wadiyar, Indian politician of the Wadiyar dynasty, prince of Mysore kingdom, born on February 20, 1953

2014: Pakistani education activist Malala Yousafzai and Indian child rights campaigner Kailash Satyarthi receive their Nobel Peace Prize awardsµ


On 9 December in South Asian history


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Updated on December 9, 2018

1658 : A VOC force led by Rijcklof van Goens attempted to capture the town of Quilon (India) from the Portuguese

1880: Birth of Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain, Bangladeshi muslim feminist and social reformer who dedicated her life to education and the empowerment of women who died on December 9 1932 (see below)

1932: Death of Roquia Sakhawat Hussain, Bangladeshi social worker and author, born on December 9, 1880

1946: First meeting of the Indian constituent assembly. The Muslim League refuses to attend

1946: Birth of Sonia Gandhi, Italian widow of ex-prime minister Rajiv Gandhi and leader of the Congress Party

Sonia Gandhi jeune

1946: Birth of Shatrughan Sinha, Indian actor

1952: Birth of Liaqat Baloch, Pakistani politician

1970: Death of Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan (1957-1958), born on June 18, 1893

1971 : During the Indo-Pakistani War, the Indian Air Force executes an airdrop of Indian Army units, bypassing Pakistani defences

1974: Birth of Rahat Fateh Ali Khan,Pakistani singer

1981: Birth of Diya Mirza, Indian actress

2001: Ranil Wickremasinghe becomes Sri Lanka’s prime minister for the second time (up tu April 2004)

2001: The Friendship bridge between Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, vital for the delivering of humanitarian aid, is reopened

2007: In Pakistan, after the failure of an agreement of all the opposition parties on boycott, the PML-N of Nawaz Sharif decides to contest the coming general elections

2014: Sobho Gianchandani, one of Pakistan’s last leaders from its first generation of Marxists, dies at the age of 94


On 8 December in South Asian history

Saarc emblème


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Updated on December 8, 2018

1935: Birth of Dharmendra, Indian actor

1946: Birth of Sharmila Tagore, Indian Actress

1971: Operation Python a follow up of Operation Trident, naval attack launched on Pakistan’s port city of Karachi by the Indian Navy during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

1971: New Delhi announces that on their way to Dakha, its forces are beating the Pakistani troops

1985: In Bangladesh, seven countries found the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

Saarc emblème

1995: Gyaincain Norbu, picked by the Chinese government in November as the 11th Panchen Lama is enthroned

Panchen Lama 11 officiel

2001: Death of Subrata Mitra, Indian cinematographer, born on October 12, 1930

2007: Benazir Bhutto, first and only female former Prime Minister of Pakistan, had her PPP Office stormed by unidentified gunmen. Three supporters are killed.

2012: Death of Khan Sarwar Murshid, Bangladeshi educator and diplomat, born on July 1, 1924

2014: A ceremony takes place in Kabul to mark the formal end of Nato’s 13-year combat mission in Afghanistan.

On 7 December in South Asian history


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Updated on December 7, 2018

1921: Birth of Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader

1923: Birth of Intizar Hussain, Pakistani Urdu writer and columnist

1970: The first ever general election on the basis of direct adult franchise is held in Pakistan for 313 National Assembly seats,_1970

1971: Pakistan president Yayah Khan announces the formation of a coalition government with Nurul Amin as Prime Minister and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as vice-prime minister

1987: Because strikes and protests Bangladesh president Ershad dissolves parliament

2001: Taliban surrender Kandahar

2002: In Mymensingh, Bangladesh, four movies theaters are bombed within 30 minutes of each other. At least 15 people were killed and over 200 were injured

2004: Hamid Karzai is sworn in as president of Afghanistan

2007: A judge in India has summoned two Hindu gods, Ram and Hanuman, to appear before the court personally to help resolve a property dispute

2016 : Death of Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani musician, in a plane crash, born in 1964


Holidays and observances

India: Armed Forces Flag Day

On 5 December in South Asian history



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Updated on December 5, 2018

1872 : Birth of Vir Singh, Punjabi poet, scholar and theologian, who dies on June 10, 1957

1898: Birth of Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan who died in February 1982

1905: Birth of Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, chief minister of Kashmir, who died on September 8, 1982

1932: Birth of Narida (Farhat Ezekiel), Indian actress, who died on February 9, 2006

1941: Death of Amrita Sher-Gil, Indian painter, born on January 30, 1013

1950: By the India-Sikkim Peace Treaty, the kingdom becomes a protectorate of India

1950: Death of Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru, born on August 15, 1872

1951: Death of Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer and painter, Nobel laureate 1913, born on August 7, 1871

1963: Death of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, born on September 8 1892,  Prime Minister of Pakistan (September 1956-October 1957)

1971: Battle of Longewala between India and Pakistan during the liberation war of Bangladesh


1972: Birth of Amir Muhammad, Malayan filmmaker

1978: The Soviet Union sign a « Friendship Treaty” with the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan

1995: Sri Lanka government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna

2001: Early general elections in Sri Lanka, won by opposition led by Ranil Wickremesinghe, leader of United National Party who will be sworn in Prime minister on 9 December

2001: In Germany, four Afghan factions leaders sign a pact to create a temporary administration for post-Taliban Afghanistan. Hamid Karzai and his Cabinet are planned to take over power in Afghanistan on December 22

2010: A Pakistani anti-terrorism court has ordered that two senior police officers tasked with protecting Benazir Bhutto, Pakistan’s assassinated former prime minister, should be arrested for failing to provide adequate security to her in the run-up to her death

2016 : Death of Jayalalithaa, Indian politician, chief minister of Tamil Nadu, born in 1948


On 4 December in South Asian history

1971-12-04 Battle


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Updated on December 4, 2018

1829: Britain abolishes “suttee” in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband’s funeral pyre)

1910: Birth of Ramaswamy Venkatararam, president of  India (1987-1992) who died on January 27, 2009

1919: Birth of I. K. Gujral, Indian politician, 12th Prime Minister of India who died on November 30, 2012

1941: Jawaharl Nehru is realeased from Dehra Dun jail

1951: Mirwaiz Maulvi Muhammad Yusuf is appointed president of Azaz  Kashmir (Free Kashmir) government

1971: Attack on Pakistan Navy and Karachi by the Indian Navy (Operation  Trident)

1971: Beginning of the The Battle of Basantar or the Battle of Barapind  (up to December 16), one of the vital battles fought as part of the  Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

1971-12-04 Battle

1971: UN Security Council calls emergency session to consider  deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan

1984 : During the Sri Lankan Civil War, Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar

2002: Second Bonn Conference on Afghanistan

2008: Tibet’s spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, address Europe’s  lawmakers, restating that he was seeking autonomy within China – not independence

2008: The body of first Afghan President Mohammad Daud  Khan has been identified three decades after he was killed in a Communist coup,  officials say

2017: Bollywood icon Shashi Kapoor dies at 79

Holidays and observances

Navy Day in India

On 3 December in South Asian history


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Updated on December 3, 2018

1884: Birth of Rajendra Prasad, first president of India from 26 January 1950  up to 19 May 1962 who died on 28 February 1963

1889: Birth of Khudiram Bose, very young Indian revolutionary, hanged to death on August 11, 1908

1894: Birth of Deiva Zivarattinam, Indian politician who died on March 25, 1975

1928: Birth of Muhammad Habibur Rahman, Indian-Bangladeshi jurist and politician, shortly acting Prime Minister of Bangladesh in 1996, who died on January 11, 2014,_Justice_Muhammad_Habibur

1937: Birth of Binod Bihari Verma, Indian Maithili literateur

1956: Death of Manik Bandopadhyay, Indian-Bengali author, born on May 19, 1908

1971: After a Pakistani air strike (Operation Ghenziz Khan), India declares war on West Pakistan aiming to help Bangladeshi separatists after pre-emptive strikes by the Pakistani Air Force

1984: A methyl isocyanate leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, kills more than 3,800 people outright and injures  150,000–600,000 others (some 6,000 of whom would later die from their injuries) in one of the worst industrial disasters in history

1996: Death in Moscow of Babrak Karmal, former president of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (1979-1986), born on January 6, 1929

2007: Pakistan’s Election Commission decides to bar Nawaz Sharif, a former prime minister and opposition leader, from the general election on Jan. 8 because of his criminal  charges

2011: Death of Dev Anand, Indian actor, born on September 26, 1923


On 2 December in South Asian history


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Updated on December 2, 2018

1757: In India, lead by Robert Clive, the British retake Calcutta

1855 : Birth of Narayan Ganesh Chandavarkar, Indian nationalist and reformer, who died on May 14, 1923

1878: During the Second Afghan War, Battle of Peiwar Kotal won by the British

1878-12-02 Battle of Peiwar Kota

1933: Birth of K. Veeramani, Indian anti-caste activist


1946: The British Government invites four Indian leaders, Nehru, Baldev  Singh, Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan to obtain the participation of all parties  in the Constituent Assembly

1950: Birth of Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian academic

1963: Death of Sabu Dastagir, Indian-born American  actor, born on January 27, 1924

1964: Pope Paul VI comes to Bombay for the Eucharistic Congress

1971: Indian offensive in East Pakistan (up to 16)

1980: Death of Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, Prime Minister  of Pakistan (1955-1956), born on July 15, 1905

1988: After the large victory of her party in the 16 November elections,  Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as first woman Prime Minister of Pakistan

1988: Birth of  Soniya Mehra, Indian actress

1988: Bangladesh cyclone ‘worst for 20 years’

1989: Vishwanath Pratap Singh is sworn in as President of India

1997: Wasim Sajjad becomes for the second time  president of Pakistan by interim prior to elections up to January

2014: Death of Deven Verma, Indian actor, director, and producer, born on October 23, 1937



On 1st December in South Asian history


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Updated on December 1, 2018

1963: Nagaland becomes the 16th state of India

1965: The Border Security Force is formed in India as a special force to  guard the border

1971: The Indian Army recaptures part of Kashmir occupied forcibly by  Pakistan

1990: Death of Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, Nehru’s sister, born on August 18, 1900

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

1997: In the Indian state of Bihar, Ranvir Sena attacked the CPI(ML) Party Unity stronghold Lakshmanpur-Bathe, killing 63 lower caste people

2009: US President Barack Obama orders 30,000 more US troops to  Afghanistan but warns America would begin to withdraw its military forces by  2011

2017: On Bangladesh visit, Pope urges ‘decisive measures’ to tackle Rohingya crisis