Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 29 March in South Asian history

1857-03-29 Mangal Pandey revolt

ON 29 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 29, 2017

1816: Birth of Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama who died in 1837
http://www.treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Tenth-Dalai-Lama-Tsultrim-Gyatso/4314

1849: Britain formally annexes Punjab after defeating the Sikh. The Young Maharajah Duleep Singh (11) is removed from the throne
http://www.thesikhencyclopedia.com/the-british-and-sikhs-1849-1947/annexation-of-the-punjab

1849-03-29 Punjab annexé

 1857: Sepoy Mangal Pandey, of the 34th Regiment, Bengal native Infantry, revolts against the British rule in India and inspires a long-drawn War of Independence of 1857, also known as the Sepoy mutiny
http://history1800s.about.com/od/thebritishempire/ss/The-Sepoy-Mutiny_2.htm
http://www.chapatimystery.com/archives/univercity/the_trial_of_mangal_pandey_i.html

1857-03-29 Mangal Pandey revolt

1929: Birth of Utpal Dutt, Indian actor, who died on August 19, 1993
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utpal_Dutt
http://stationhollywood.blogspot.com/2008/03/utpal-dutt-majestic-actor-of-bollywood.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5RnQJA3aOSg

1971: Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician, born on November 2, 1886, is assassinated
http://www.asiantribune.com/node/9815
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhirendranath_Datta

 

On 28 March in South Asian history

ON 28 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 28, 2017

1552: Death of Guru Angad Dev, 2nd Sikh guru
http://www.sikh-history.com/sikhhist/gurus/nanak2.html

1556: Origin of Fasli Era (India)
http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/202287/Fasli-era

1941: Death of Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian Police Commissioner, born on November 24, 1877
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khan_Bahadur_Cowasji_Petigara

1972: Birth of Eby J. Jose, Indian Journalist and Human Rights Activist
http://personalities.jeevan4u.com/ebyjjose/
http://ebyjjose.com/profile

1978: Birth of Nafisa Joseph, Miss India Universe (1997) who will commit suicide on July 29, 2004
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nafisa_Joseph

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Czck21selxI

1980: Birth of Chitrangada Singh, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chitrangada_Singh
http://www.nowrunning.com/video/bollywood.hindi/chitrangada-singh-at-beverly-hills-polo-club-store-launch/4829/video.htm

1982: Birth of Sonia Agarwal, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonia_Agarwal

1986: Extremist Sikhs kill 13 Hindus in Ludhiana, India

2006: Death of Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian Philosopher, born on August 14, 1911
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vethathiri_Maharishi

2016: Bangladesh’s High Court rejects a 28-year-old petition calling for the removal of a constitutional provision recognising Islam as the official religion of the Muslim-majority South Asian nation.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/03/bangladesh-court-upholds-islam-religion-state-160328112919301.html
http://atimes.com/2016/03/bangladesh-islamists-protest-legal-move-to-scrap-state-religion/

 

On 27 March in South Asian history

ON 27 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 27, 2017

1784: Birth of Alexander Csoma de Koros, Hungarian philologist, the founder of Tibetology who died on April 11, 1842

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Csoma_de_K%C5%91r%C3%B6s

1868: Death of Krishnaraja Wadiyar III, Maharaja of Mysore, born on July 14, 1794
http://indiafacts.co.in/krishnaraja-wodeyar-iii-cultural-founder-modern-mysore-state/
http://www.indianetzone.com/67/krishnaraja_wodeyar_iii.htm

1892: Birth of Swami Vipulananda, Sri Lankan author, poet, phliosopher and critic who died on July 27, 1947
http://www.tamilspider.com/resources/7205-biography-swami-vipulanada-famous-tamil-scholar.aspx
http://sangam.org/oeuvre-swami-vipulananda-1892-1947/

1898: Death of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual, born on October 17, 1817 http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P001

1949: The Conference of the Commonwealth decides that India could become a republic without be obliged to quit Commonwealth

1971: Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi express full support of her government to the freedom struggle of the Bengalis. Indian Border Security Force (BSF) opened Bangladesh-India border to allow the tortured and panick stricken Bengalis to have safe shelter in India

1982: Death of Fazlur Rahman Khan, Bangladeshi American civil engineer known for his innovations in high-rise building constructions born on 3 April 1929                                                                                                                                                                    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fazlur_Khan

2000: Murder of Priya Rajvansh, Indian actress, born in 1937
http://www.outlookindia.com/article/Death-Of-An-Actress/209230
http://www.gomolo.com/priya-rajvansh-biography/10522/719858

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hBUqFOusmKA

2005: Nepal King Jigme Singye Wangchuk suggests to change absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy with two political parties

2008: Nepal Maoist said they will not playing China or India card

2008: Afghan president Hamid Karzai escapes an assassination attempt
http://www.cbsnews.com/2100-202_162-4048451.html                                                         

2008: Tibet monks disrupt journalists tour organized by Beijing authorities

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7315895.stm
http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2008/03/26/tibet_monks_disrupt_journalists_tour_in_protest.html

2009: A bomb explodes at a mosque near the town of Jamrud in the Khyber agency in north-west Pakistan, killing at least 50 people
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7967594.stm

2016: At least 65 people are killed and more than 200 injured when an apparent suicide bomb ripped through the parking lot of a crowded park in the Pakistani city of Lahore where Christians were celebrating Easter Sunday
http://www.dawn.com/news/1248259/at-least-65-dead-after-suicide-attack-in-lahore-park
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/12205457/Pakistan-terror-attack-65-dead-after-suicide-bomber-strikes-childrens-play-area-in-Lahore.html
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/03/27/asia/pakistan-lahore-deadly-blast/index.html

2016: Thousands in Pakistan protest hanging of governor’s killer Mumtaz Qadri clashing with police in chaotic scenes
http://www.dw.com/en/thousands-in-pakistan-protest-hanging-of-governors-killer-mumtaz-qadri/a-19145439
http://atimes.com/2016/03/army-deployed-as-pro-qadri-supporters-clash-with-police-in-islamabad/

 

On 26 March in South Asian history

ON 26 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 26, 2017

1552: Guru Amar Das becomes the third Sikh Guru, born in May  1479 who died in May 1574
http://www.sikhs.org/guru3.htm

1668: England takes control of Bombay
http://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/trading/bombay/history.html

1907: Birth of of Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet, who died on September 11, 1987
http://www.poemhunter.com/mahadevi-varma/biography/
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/mahadevi-verma.html

Mahadevi Varma

1971: As Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is taken prisoner by the Pakistan army,  Major Ziaur Rahman proclaims independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujib from Kalurghat radio station at Chittagong

http://archive.thedailystar.net/forum/2008/march/declaration.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukti_Bahini

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clhlmknZu8g

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqV7PiVJRb0&feature=related

1974: Gaura Devi leads a group of 27 women of Laata village, Henwalghati, Garhwal Himalayas, to form circles around trees to stop them being felled, thus sparking the Chipko Movement in India
http://www.iisd.org/50comm/commdb/desc/d07.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/26-march-1974-gaura-devi-led-a-group-of-women-in-the-chipko-movement
http://vivakermani.blogspot.fr/2013/06/remembering-gaura-devi.html

2006: Death of Anil Biswas, Indian communist politician, born in March 1944
http://pd.cpim.org/2006/0402/04022006_pb%20homage.htm
http://www.frontline.in/static/html/fl2307/stories/20060421004611000.htm

2007: In Sri Lanka, for the first time, the Tamil separatist rebels (LTTE) use a plane in an attack against the military airbase of Colombo

2012: Death of Manik Godghate, Indian poet and educator, born on May 10, 1937
http://www.outlookindia.com/news/article/Marathi-Poet-Manik-Godghate-Dead/757272
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manik_Sitaram_Godghate

Manik Godghate

2013: Death of Sukumari, Indian actress, born on October 6, 1940
http://entertainment.oneindia.in/malayalam/news/2013/malayalam-actress-sukumari-died-cardiac-arrest-106303.html

 

Holidays and observances

Bangladesh: National Day

On 25 March in South Asian history

ON 25 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 25, 2017

1916: Birth of S. M. Pandit, Indian painter and educator who died on March 30, 1993
http://smpanditji.blogspot.fr/
http://www.indiaart.com/old-masters/S-M-Pandit/Info-of-S-M-Pandit.asp
http://www.saffronart.com/sitepages/ArticleDetails.aspx?Articleid=86&PageNo=1

S. M. Pandit 2

1948: Birth of Farooq Sheikh, Indian actor who died on December 27, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farooq_Sheikh
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/farooq-sheikh/biography.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-gxNpvcEME

1969: Pakistan President Ayub Khan resigns and hands over the power to the commander-in-chief, General Muhammad Yahya Khan who declares Martial Law
http://historypak.com/democratic-action-committee/

1971: Beginning of Operation Searchlight by Pakistan forces against East Pakistani civilians in West part of Pakistan
http://bangladeshcontinual.blogspot.fr/2011/03/operation-searchlight-dark-night-of.html
http://www.genocidebangladesh.org/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgCSesSok_Q

1971: Foundation of Mukti Bahini (Liberation Army or Freedom Fighters) in East Pakistan to fight West Pakistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukti_Bahini

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V-ZB85xBgag

1977: In India, Morarji Desai, 81, forms the first non Congress Party government including all the parties of the victorious coalition (up to 1979)
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/morarji-desai-biography.html

2000: After five days in India, US president Bill Clinton makes a few hours stop over in Islamabad where he criticizes the Pakistan Policy

2005: The USA announces that it will resume the delivery of F-16 warplanes to Pakistan as a reward for the contribution of Islamad in the fight against terrorism. Washington had stop the delivering since 1990 in retaliation against the Pakistan nuclear program

2009: In India, Sister Prema, whose name means love, is the new superior of the Sisters of Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=14834&size=A

2010: Osama bin Laden has in a new audio recording threatened to kill any Americans that al-Qaeda takes prisoner if Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, considered as one of the masterminds behind the September 11 attacks, is executed
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/03/2010325115814216818.html


2013: Last US-controlled prison handed over in Afghanistan. The transfer of Parwan Detention Facility to the Afghan government ends a bitter chapter in relations between the two countries
http://www.euronews.com/2013/03/25/last-us-controlled-prison-handed-over-in-afghanistan/

On 24 March in South Asian history

ON 24 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 24, 2017

1775: Birth of Muthuswami Dikshitar, Indian poet and composer who died on October 21, 1835
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/muthuswami-dikshitar.html
http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/music/legacy-from-dikshitar/article4507995.ece
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/24-march-1775-muthuswami-dikshitar-poet-and-composer-was-born

Muthuswami Dikshitar

1914: During the Simla Conference (India, Tibet and Republic of China), the British representative McMahon proposes the border delineation between India and Tibet which will be called the McMahon Line. Signed on 3 July by Tibet but never recognized by China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McMahon_Line

1923: In India, the tax on salt is restored
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_British_salt_tax_in_India

1944: Maj. Gen. Orde Wingate, leader of the 77th Indian Brigade, also called the Chindits, dies in a transport plane crash. He was 41 years old
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/wingate-dies-in-burma
http://ww2live.com/en/content/major-general-charles-orde-wingate-dso-2-bars

Charles Wingate

1946: The British Cabinet Mission, consisting of Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander, arrives in India to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership

1949: Birth of Ranil Wickremasinghe, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranil_Wickremesinghe

1952: Dudley Senanayake succeeds his father as Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Prime Minister up to octobre 1953
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dudley_Senanayake

1977: After the resignation of Indira Gandhi, Morarji Desai is sworn in as Indian Prime Minister, up to July 1977
http://www.pmindia.gov.in/en/former_pm/shri-morarji-desai-2/

Desai

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emraan_Hashmi

1982: In Bangladesh, General Ershad takes the power, deposes President Abdus Sattar  and proclaims the Martial Law
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Hossain_Mohammad_Ershad

1990: Indian troops leave Sri Lanka where they arrived in 1987 as peace keeping force
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Peace_Keeping_Force

2008: Bhutanese vote in an historic poll that will change the country in a constitutional monarchy
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7310832.stm

2011: A US soldier charged with killing unarmed Afghan civilians last year has been sentenced to 24 years in prison after pleading guilty to three counts of premeditated murder
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2011/03/2011324135833378976.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-12836851

2012: Death of Jose Prakash, Indian actor and singer, born on April 14, 1925
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/veteran-malayalam-actor-jose-prakash-passes-away/1/179272.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jose_Prakash

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6ZUSbWPx8w

2013: Pakistan’s former president, Pervez Musharraf, has returned home for the first time in more than four years in exile to take part in upcoming parliamentary élections
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21914946
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/9950994/Pervez-Musharraf-ends-self-imposed-exile-to-restore-peace-in-Pakistan.html
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20130324-410973.html

2015: The United States will keep its current level of 9,800 troops in Afghanistan through the end of the year, rather than reducing that number to 5,500 as planned, the White House said
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/03/24/politics/obama-afghan-president-ghani-meeting/index.html

On 23 March in South Asian history

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

ON 23 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 3, 2017

1757: During the Anglo-French war, British forces capture Chandernagore fort (in India) from the French
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1757_-_British_expedition_against_Chandernagore

1757-03-23 Capture de Chandernagor par la Royal Navy

1855: Treaty of Peshawar signed, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/14.htm

1889: The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India
http://www.alislam.org/introduction/index.html
http://www.muslim.org/hmga.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qadian

1931: Bhagat Singh and Rajguru  Sukhdev, Indian freedom fighters, embrass the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused

http://guruprasad.net/posts/martyrs-day-tribute-to-bhagat-singh-sukhdev-rajguru/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-march-1931-bhagat-singh-indian-revolutionary-died

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SdOgkD18Fco

1940: The Lahore Resolution (qarardad-e-Pakistan) or the then Qarandad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the annual general convention of the India Muslim League calling for a Muslim homeland
http://historypak.com/lahore-resolution-1940/
http://www.defence.pk/forums/social-issues-current-events/50871-march-23-1940-lahore-resolution.html
https://www.dawn.com/news/1322255/23rd-march-special-the-resolutions-after-the-resolution

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=190
http://www.sijo.in/?id=182

1956: Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. General governor Iskander Mirza becomes president of the Republic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_Constitution_of_1956

1956-03-23 Iskander Mirza président

1961: The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso refunds the Tibetan medical and astrology Institute at Dharamsala, India

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emraan_Hashmi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1STFM39vJ4

1997: First visit of the Dalai Lama to Taiwan. He stress the only religious meaning of this trip but is greeted by President Lee Teng-hui
http://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/23/world/taiwan-welcomes-the-dalai-lama-much-to-china-s-displeasure.html
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/550300/Dalai-Lama-hailed-on-first-visit-to-Taiwan.html?pg=all

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CfdqaAsG8o

2000: Death of Antony Padiyara, Indian cardinal, born on February 11, 1921
http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bpadiyara.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_Padiyara

2003: Abdul Majid Dar, former commander of Hezb-ul-Mujahedeen, the main separatist in Indian Kashmir,who had proposed to dialogue with New Delhi is assassinated
http://www.jammu-kashmir.com/insights/insight20030324a.html

2004: Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions, linked to the Communist Pary, holds its first conference in Hyderabad
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andhra_Pradesh_Federation_of_Trade_Unions

2007: Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war

2009: Police of China have arrested nearly 100 monks after what they describe as a riot by hundreds of Tibetans, according to state media
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932342245812956.html

 

Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Republic Day

On 22 March in South Asian history

ON 22 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 22, 2017

1739: After some of his Persian troops are killed in occupied Delhi, Nader Shah orders his soldiers to plunder the city. During the course of one day 20,000 to 30,000 Indians are killed by the Persian troops, forcing Mohammad Shah to beg for mercy and stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peacock_Throne

1907: Thousands of Indians living in South Africa follow the lead of Mohandas K. Gandhi engaging in a campaign of civil disobedience to protest their treatment by the government.

Gandhi 1905 Johanesburg

1942: Sir Stanford Cripps, British statesman, arrives in India for talks with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence, in what will become known as the Cripps Mission
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cripps-and-gandhi-meet
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A044

1957: Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_national_calendar

1977: Death of A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader, born on October 1, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._K._Gopalan

2005: Death of Gemini Ganesan, Tamil film star, born on November 17, 1920
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_Ganesan
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/22-march-2005-gemini-ganesan-tamil-film-star-died

2007: In Pakistan, the dismissal of the Supreme Judge Iftikar Muhammad Chaudry by General Musharraf causes important demonstrations by judges and members of the opposition

2007: Death of Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher, born on July 9, 1918
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppaluri_Gopala_Krishnamurti

2009: South Africa’s embassy in New Delhi has denies travel documents to Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, barring him from attending a peace conference in Johannesburg
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20090322-130260.html

2012: The UN Human Rights Council has adopted a resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate alleged abuses during the final phase of war with Tamil rebels.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17471300
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/03/22/world/asia/sri-lanka-war-crimes/index.html?hpt=ias_c2

2014: The Maldives hold parliamentary elections on schedule despite worries about the ability of the resort island’s turmoil-hit elections commission to stage the ballot successfully
http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/maldives-holds-parliamentary-polls-despite-delay-fear-554779
http://thecommonwealth.org/media/news/maldives-parliamentary-elections-2014-interim-statement

2014: Death of Yashwant Vithoba Chittal, Indian author, born on August 21, 1928
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/yashwant-chittal-dead/article5821000.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yashwant_Vithoba_Chittal

2015: Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena formed a national government incorporating the main opposition party on Sunday, in a bid to push through reforms and preserve political stability
http://www.france24.com/en/20150322-sri-lanka-sirisena-rajapaksa-government-opposition-coalition/

2015: Sri Lanka’s new government confers for the firtst time the highest military rank of field marshal on retired army chief Sarath Fonseka, who had been jailed for alleged treason by the previous government
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/ex-army-chief-becomes-sri-lankas-first-field-marshal

 

On 21 March in South Asian history

2000-03-21 Clinton

ON 21 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 21, 2017

1913: Birth of Bismillah Khan, Indian shehnai player who died on August 21, 2006
http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-music/classical-singers/bissmillah-khan.html
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/bismillah-khan-5281.php
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-march-1913-bismillah-khan-shehnai-maestro-was-born

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro

1923: Birth of Sri Mataji Nirmala Srivasta, founder of Sahaja Yogav, who died on December 23, 2011
http://www.adishakti.org/shri_mataji.htm

1977: Indira Gandhi, Indian prime minister, resigns after she lost legislative election. End of a 21 month period of emergency while she ruled by decree
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_1977
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ghosh20p/
http://uswww.rediff.com/freedom/30rajan.htm

1977-03-21 Indira demissionne

1978: Birth of Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rani_Mukerji

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHb3OQDDFJk

1980: President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/carter-tells-u-s-athletes-of-olympic-boycott

1985: In Bangladesh, General Ershad gets 94,14 % of yes in the referendum he has organized to legitimate his military regime. The opposition said the vote was rigged
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-21/news/mn-20703_1_opposition-parties
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-22/news/mn-29765_1_polling

Hussain Muhammad Ershad

2000: Bill Clinton arrives to India. First visit of an US president since 22 years
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/gallery/bill-clintons-visit-to-india/1/3823.html#photo1

2000-03-21 Clinton

2001: Taliban blow up two giant Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan
http://4freedoms.com/group/heritage/forum/topics/the-buddhas-of-bamyan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhas_of_Bamiyan
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/19/world/taliban-explains-buddha-demolition.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xYYBlPWYb7Y

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nENvd7Zj1Qs&feature=related

2002: In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/1804710.stm

2003: Death of Shivani, Indian author, born on October 17, 1923
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivani

2009: Bangladesh says it will disband the country’s border force and raise a new paramilitary unit to replace it
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/20093211532659351.html

 

On 20 March in South Asian history

ON 20 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 20, 2017

1351: Death of Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi since 1324. Born in 1290 http://www.newindianexpress.com/education/student/article1377184.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Tughluq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1U8K_XTGoq0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5I43PJh_aT8

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established
https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/explore-the-collection/timeline-dutch-history/1602-trade-with-the-east-voc
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-march-1602-the-dutch-east-india-company-was-established
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFbR5mc3AaQ

 VOC

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi and sacks the city, stealing the jewel of the Peacock Throne. 30,000 civilians are killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah’s_invasion_of_Mughal_India
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/afsharids/afsharids.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takht_e_Taus

1923: Birth of Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani author, Journalist and political activist who died on December 18, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaukat_Siddiqui

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1965: That day, and later in April, fighting broke out between India and Pakistan. Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani war with first large scale offensive on August 5

1966: Birth of Alka Yagnik, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alka_Yagnik

 

1977: The Indian Congress Party of Indira Gandhi loses the general elections against the newly founded Janata Party. Morarji Desai is charged to form a new government
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/once-upon-a-poll-sixth-lok-sabha-election-1977/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRrL5DT2cag

1987: Birth of Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangna_Ranaut

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bog97cmpADs

1991: Khaleda Zia first women to become PM in Bangladesh up to March 1996
http://www.virtualbangladesh.com/culture/people-of-bangladesh/khaleda-zia/

1991-03-20 Khaleda Zia PM

 2008: Death of Shoban Babu, Indian actor
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Telugu-actor-Shobhan-Babu-dead/articleshow/2886201.cms

http://entertainment.oneindia.in/celebs/sobhan-babu/biography.html

 

2010: Girija Prasad Koirala, the former Nepalese prime minister who brokered the peace deal that ended a bloody 10-year civil war, died at age 85
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/03/201032010933326692.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8577669.stm

2013: Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman, a veteran ruling party politician named to the largely ceremonial post in 2009, dies day in a Singapore hospital

http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20130320-410090.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/2013320123245762582.html

http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/03/20/zillur-rahman-dies

2013: The United States has violated Pakistan’s sovereignty and destroyed tribal structures with unmanned aerial drone strikes in its counterterrorism near the Afghan border, a UN human rights investigator says http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/201331523115707202.html

2014: Death of Khushwant Singh, Indian writer who won fame for a book on partition of the subcontinent as well as his once-daring descriptions of sex, aged 99
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2014/03/journalist-khushwant-singh-dies-201432075235300829.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26661491