Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 26 February in South Asian history

ON 26 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 26, 2017

1887: Birth of Sir Benegal Narsing Rau co-founder of the constitution and a time Indian president of UN Security Council (1950) who died on November 30, 1953
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/index.html?curid=20234656

1908: Birth of Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer, who died on April 5, 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leela_Majumdar
http://www.goodreads.com/author/show/4858997.Leela_Majumdar

1966: Death of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter and writer, born in May 1883
http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/itihas/vds.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/26-february-1966-vinayak-damodar-savarkar-indian-politician-passed-away

1984: Birth of  Veena Malik, Pakistani actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veena_Malik

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vak1dbnKtiE

1993: World Trade Center bombing terrorises New York
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/26/newsid_2516000/2516469.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=4792

2004: Death of Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician born on July 14, 1920
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/521502.cms
http://www.hindu.com/2004/02/27/stories/2004022705230100.htm

2007: Nepal government decides to confiscate and nationalize king Gyanendra assets
http://www.dnaindia.com/world/report-nepal-govt-to-seize-nationalise-royal-property-1082150
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/27/world/asia/27nepal.html?_r=0

 Gyanendra 2001 

On 25 February in South Asian history

ON 25 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 25, 2017

1682: Death of Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, 5th Dalai Lama, born in 1617
http://www.treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Ngawang-Lobzang-Gyatso/6065
http://www.dorjeshugden.com/great-masters/enlightened-lamas-series/the-great-fifth-dalai-lama-ngawang-lobsang-gyatso-1617-1682/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1853.html

1877: Birth of Jung Bahadur Rana, Nepalese Prime Minister and de facto ruler of Nepal, born on June 18, 1816
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jung_Bahadur_Rana

1894: Birth of Meher Baba, Indian guru who died on January 31, 1969
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meher_Baba
http://www.meherbabainformation.org/

1910: The 13th Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso flees Tibet from Chinese troop to British-Indies
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/13th_Dalai_Lama

1948: Birth of Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_Denzongpa

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IrUJHGMdN34

1962: India Congress Party wins elections for the third time
http://www.elections.in/parliamentary-constituencies/1962-election-results.html

1968: Sonia Maino marries Rajiv Gandhi
http://www.itnsource.com/shotlist//BHC_ANI/1968/02/25/X25026801/

1974: Birth of Divya Bharti, Indian actress, who died on April 5, 1993
http://www.divyabhartiportal.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divya_Bharti

1981: Birth of Shahid Kapoor, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahid_Kapoor

2008: Death of  Hans Raj Khanna, Judge of the Supreme Court of India, born on July 3, 1912
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Raj_Khanna

2009: A mutiny by paramilitary border security forces erupts in a daylong gunbattle in Dakha,posing the biggest test yet to a newly elected government trying to reestablish civilian control after two years of army-backed emergency rule
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/feb/25/bangladesh-mutiny-soldiers
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/26/world/asia/26bangla.html

2010: India and Pakistan conclude their first direct talks in over a year, agreeing to « stay in touch » but making little progress on a number of sticking points
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/02/2010225133831528801.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8535787.stm

2012: NATO pulled all its staff out of Afghan government ministries after two US military advisors were shot dead in the interior ministry, as anti-US protests raged for a fifth day
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/02/2012225151435215869.html
http://www.france24.com/en/20120225-nato-kabul-government-ministries-united-states-afghanistan-koran-burning-protests-taliban

2014: Sri Lanka rejects a call by U.N. human rights chief Navi Pillay for an international inquiry into alleged war crimes committed during the country’s civil war, saying it reflects a “preconceived, politicized and prejudicial agenda” against the island nation.
http://asiancorrespondent.com/119923/sri-lanka-rejects-probe-call-by-un-rights-chief/

On 24 February in South Asian history

ON 24 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet, type “On (day + month) in South Asian history »

Updated on February 24, 2017

1568: Akbar orders the massacre of 30,000 plus unarmed captive Hindu peasants after the fall of Chitod
http://www.hindunet.org/hindu_history/modern/akbar_vs.html

1739: In the Battle of Karnal, the Iranian army defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Karnal
http://sites.asiasociety.org/princesandpainters/decline-of-power-pursuit-of-pleasure-muhammad-shah-1719-1748/

1786: Charles Cornwallis is appointed governor-general of India
http://www.historyhome.co.uk/c-eight/india/cornw.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornwallis_in_India

1822: The 1st Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad is inaugurated
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shri_Swaminarayan_Mandir,_Ahmedabad

1924 : Mahatma Gandhi is released from jail

1939 : Birth of Joy Mukherjee, Indian actor and director, who died on May 9, 2012
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joy_Mukherjee
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0611535/bio
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpqsDWMI9-I

1942 : Birth of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Indian theorist and philosopher
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gayatri_Chakravorty_Spivak
http://www.dawn.com/news/1152482

1948: Birth of Jayaram Jayalalithaa, Indian politician of Tamil Nadu who died on December 5, 2016
http://www.searchindia.com/search/indian-politicians-jayalalitha.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WXJ-l0nENXU&feature=related

1967: Death of Mir Osman Ali Khan, last nizam (ruler) of Hyderabad (1911-1948), born in April 1886
http://hubpages.com/hub/A_Great_Personality_of_his_time

1971: The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, is killed 3 days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar is appointed as the new chairman
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_India_Forward_Bloc
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/24-february-1971-the-all-india-forward-bloc-appointed-p.k.-mookiah-thevar-as-the-new-chairman

1975: King Birendra of Nepal coronation ceremony held in Kathmandu
http://jplaffont.photoshelter.com/gallery/CORONATION-OF-THE-KING-OF-NEPAL/G00004u44NHRLjqc/
http://www.itnsource.com/shotlist/ANI/1975/05/24/X24057501/

1975-02-24 Birendra coronation

1989: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie
http://www.salman-rushdie.com/blog/the-satanic-verses/

2009: Sri Lankan soldiers enter the last rebel-held town in the country’s north, Puthukudiyiruppu
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/02/200922410421649558.html

2011: Death of Anant Pai, Indian educationalist and creator of comics, born on September 17, 1929
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/07/anant-pai-obituary
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950CE4DA113CF930A35750C0A9679D8B63

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MAbWrN2ADkI

2013: Afghan President Hamid Karzai orders all U.S. Special Forces to leave a strategically important province in two weeks, alleging that they have been involved in the torture and murder of “innocent people.”
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/afghan-president-karzai-ends-us-special-forces-operations-in-key-province/2013/02/24/b7e8684c-7eb6-11e2-a671-0307392de8de_story.html
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/afghanistan/9890985/US-special-forces-ordered-to-leave-critical-Afghanistan-province.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21566295

2014: Top Pakistan Taliban commander Asmatullah Shaheen ‘shot dead’. He was ambushed as he drove through a village near Miranshah in North Waziristan
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-26323200

2015: India’s ruling Hindu nationalist party will for the first time govern the country’s only Muslim-majority state of Kashmir under a power-sharing deal with another party
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-31598836
http://www.straitstimes.com/news/asia/south-asia/story/indias-ruling-party-bjp-govern-muslim-majority-kashmir-the-first-time-201

On 23 February in South Asian history

ON 23 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 23, 2017

1568: Almost four months after the siege of Chitod Fortress (Rajasthan) , a musket shot fired from the Mughal army of Akbar kills Jai Mal, the leader of the Rajputs. The fort will surrender the following day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Chittorgarh

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQf-m1e_Rxg

1768: In India, by the treaty of Masulipatam agreement, Hyderabad submits to British control
http://archive.is/0CV3M

1969: Death of Madhubala, Indian actress, from illness, born on February 14, 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhubala
http://bollywoodpicturesgallery.com/madhubala_01.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-february-1969-madhubala-indian-actress-passed-away

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDLomdrckaM

1982: Birth of Karan Singh Grover, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karan_Singh_Grover

1983: Birth of Aziz Ansari, Indian American comedian
http://www.comedycentral.com/comedians/browse/a/aziz_ansari.jhtml

2004: Death of Vijay Anand, Indian film director, born on January 22, 1034
http://www.theguardian.com/news/2004/mar/09/guardianobituaries.film
http://www.indolink.com/displayArticleS.php?id=022204113616

2004: Death of Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (India), born on August 24, 1918
http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/2004/01-15Apr04-Print-Edition/011504200486.htm

2010: Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court refuses to order the release of detained opposition leader and former army chief Sarath Fonseka
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20100223-200494.html

2011 : Death of Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader who founded Sahaja Yoga
http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nytimes/obituary.aspx?pid=150251414
http://shrimataji.org/site/life/shri-mataji-family/sir-c.p.-srivastava.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1R0bncg6C_w

2013: Death of Lotika Sarkar, Indian feminist lawyer and academic, born on January 4, 1923
http://www.legallyindia.com/Legal-opinions/lotika-sarkar-obituary
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotika_Sarkar

On 22 February in South Asian history

ON 22 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 22, 2017

1836 : Birth of Mahesh Chandra, Indian scholar and reformer, who died on April 12, 1906
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahesh_Chandra_Nyayratna_Bhattacharyya

1906: Birth of Humayun Kabir, Indian poet, educationist and politician, who died on August 18, 1969
http://www.poemhunter.com/humayun-kabir/biography/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humayun_Kabir

Humayun Kabir

1940: Five-year old Tenzin Gyatso is enthroned as the 14h Dalai Lama in Lhasa, Tibet
http://video.about.com/asianhistory/Profile-of-Tenzin-Gyatso–Dalai-Lama.htm

1944: Death of Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi, born in April 1869
http://rrtd.nic.in/kasturbagandhi.html
http://www.gandhi-manibhavan.org/aboutgandhi/photographs_kasturba.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKjxotbB320

1958: Death of Abul Kalam Azad, Indian independence movement leader, born on November 11, 1888
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/maulana-abul-kalam-azad.html
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/5.html

1974: Pakistan and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) recognize the independence of Bangladesh

1980: Afghanistan declares martial law
https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1980/02/23/martial-law-declared-after-kabul-violence/35648395-572a-4d97-b6b4-cf5d18b69891/

1982: Death of Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan, born on December 5, 1898
http://www.urdupoetry.com/profile/josh.html

2002: Unlimited ceasefire between Sri-Lankan government and Tamil separatists with the help of Norway

2006: At Geneva, resumption for the first time in three years of the negotiation between Sri Lankan government and Tamil LTTE

2011: An Indian court has found 31 people guilty of the 2002 Godhra train burning, which killed 59 Hindu pilgrims and sparked religious violence that left 2,000 people dead
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/02/201122295657693210.html
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110222-india-convicts-31-over-deadly-gujarat-train-fire
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12534127

2012: Death of Sukhbir, Indian author and poet, born on July 9, 1925
https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Sukhbir%20(writer)

2015: Police in the Maldives arrest opposition leader and ex-President Mohamed Nasheed on terror charges
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-south-asia-31575279
http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/maldives-expresident-mohamed-nasheed-arrested-on-terror-charges/article6922181.ece?homepage=true

On 21 February in South Asian history

ON 21 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 21, 2017

1849: In India, the British defeat the Sikhs at Gujrat
http://britishbattles.com/second-sikh-war/goojerat.htm
http://pakgeotagging.blogspot.fr/2014/05/the-battle-of-gujrat-it-took-british.html

http://www.mcgonagall-online.org.uk/gems/the-battle-of-gujrat

1878: Birth of The Mother (Mirra Alfassa), Indian spiritual leader who died on November 17, 1973
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirra_Alfassa
http://www.auroville.org/contents/533
http://www.jewage.org/wiki/he/Article:Mirra_Alfassa_-_Biography

 

1896: Birth of Suryakant Tripathi, Indian Poet, who died on October 15, 1961
http://www.poemhunter.com/suryakant-tripathi-nirala/biography/
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/suryakant-tripathi.html

1950: Bloody riots in West Bengal (India)

1952: Nehru’s Congress party wins general election in India
http://www.elections.in/parliamentary-constituencies/1951-election-results.html
http://indiansaga.com/history/postindependence/elections.html
http://scroll.in/article/659860/Rare-images-of-independent-India’s-first-general-election-in-1952

1952: In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) police opens fire on a procession of students demanding the establishment of Bengali as the official language, killing four peoples and starting a country-wide protest which led to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national language of Pakistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengali_Language_Movement

1980: Birth of Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, 5th king of Bhutan since December 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jigme_Khesar_Namgyal_Wangchuck

1991: Death of Nutan Behl, Indian actress, born on June 4, 1936
http://www.rediff.com/entertai/2002/feb/05din.htm
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0638295/bio

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yaFpXV9UPOo

1999: India’s Prime Minister Atal Bihair Vajpayee concluded two days of meeting with Pakistan’s Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif. Declaration of Lahore
http://www.nti.org/treaties-and-regimes/lahore-declaration/
http://storyofpakistan.com/the-lahore-declaration/
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CDEQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usip.org%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Ffile%2Fresources%2Fcollections%2Fpeace_agreements%2Fip_lahore19990221.pdf&ei=VJ_nVIK3OMP5UPiTguAF&usg=AFQjCNFKGo3lYYhqlCNQsVKzogNFFNy5VA&sig2=8L4k8zbFpokkS7GzfoGZAA

2013: Twin bomb blasts kill 17 people in Hyderabad
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-21537197
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Hyderabad_blasts
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-february-2013-twin-bomb-blasts-killed-17-people-in-hyderabad

 

Holidays and observances

Bangladesh: Language Movement Day

On 20 February in South Asian history

ON 20 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 20, 2017

1707: Death of Aurangzeb, Mogul emperor of India, born in 1618
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/india/p/Aurangzeb-Emperor-Of-Mughal-India.htm
http://www.preservearticles.com/201012302033/aurangzeb-biography.html
http://lostislamichistory.com/aurangzeb-and-islamic-rule-in-india/

1913: Coronation of Nepal king Tribhuvan
http://www.flickr.com/photos/mpp_flr/sets/72157629626130677/

1919: Murder of Habib Ullah Khan, emir of Afghanistan (1901-1919), at 46
http://www.afghan-web.com/bios/detail/dhabib.html
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/amir-of-afghanistan-is-assassinated

1945: Birth of Annu Kapoor, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annu_Kapoor
http://www.koimoi.com/actor/annu-kapoor/

1947: Lord Mountbatten becomes Viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/mountbatten_lord_louis.shtml
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2252.html

1947-02-20 mountbatten_installation_as_viceroy

1983: Hundreds die in Assam poll violence
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/20/newsid_4269000/4269719.stm

1987: Anurachal Pradesh (former NEFA), disputed with China, gets the status of state of India
http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/india-china.htm

1988: Birth of Jiah Khan, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiah_Khan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BVwLSVgeb6U

2003: Death of Mushaf Ali Mir, Pakistani Chief of the Air Staff, in an air crash, born on March 5,1947
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mushaf_Ali_Mir
http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=125×59589

2007: Zilla Huma Usman, a milister and an activist for women emancipation in Pakistan is assassinated. She was born on September 16, 1971
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/pakistani-minister-killed-for-refusing-to-wear-veil/story-e6frg6so-1111113031544

2009: Two Tamil Tiger planes bomb the Sri Lankan capital, but one of them is shot down as it flew back towards the country’s north
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7902392.stm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009_suicide_air_raid_on_Colombo

2010: Death of Basavaraju Venkata Padmanabha Rao, Indian actor, born August 20, 1931
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/actor-padmanabham-no-more/article714855.ece
http://www.veethi.com/india-people/basavaraju_venkata_padmanabha_rao-profile-3939-14.htm

2012: Death of S. N. Lakshmi, Indian actress, born in 1927
http://www.indiaglitz.com/channels/tamil/article/78241.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._N._Lakshmi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rG4DPjMz08Y

2013: Saudi Arabia recalls its ambassador from Colombo in a tit-for-tat decision amid tensions after a Sri Lankan nanny convicted of murder was beheaded in the kingdom, the official SPA news agency reported. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2013/02/20132208370323293.html

2014: Death of Reghu Kumar, Indian composer, born on July 13, 1953
http://www.kerala9.com/news-category/news/movie-news/music-composer-reghu-kumar-passes-away
http://mathrubhuminews.in/ee/ReadMore/5059/renowned-music-director-reghu-kumar-passes-away/E

2014: India’s top court blocks the release of three of former premier Rajiv Gandhi’s killers after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh denounced their freeing as against all principles of justice
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-26269476

2015: Death of Govind Pansare, Indian author and communist activist, four days after a gun attack, born in 1933
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/grief-anger-at-govind-pansares-funeral/article6920075.ece
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Govind_Pansare

On 19 February in South Asian history

ON 19 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 19, 2017

1630: Birth of Shivaji Bhosle, founder of the Maratha Empire (India) in 1674 and died on April 3, 1680
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivaji
http://chhatrapatishivaji.wordpress.com/2008/10/29/shivaji-bhosle/

1915: Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, leader of the Indian Independence Movement, born on 9 May 1866
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/gopal-krishna-gokhale.html
http://www.culturalindia.net/leaders/gopal-krishna-gokhale.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=odgQsvjSffk

1930: Birth of K Viswanath, South Indian film director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kasinadhuni_Viswanath

K_Vishwanath

1938: Birth of Choekyi Gyaltsen, 10th Panchen Lama, who died on January 28, 1989
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choekyi_Gyaltsen,_10th_Panchen_Lama
http://www.tibetantrip.com/tibet-guides/buddhism/choekyi-gyaltsen-10th-panchen-lama-of-tibet.html

1949: Mass arrest of Communists in India

1951: Birth of Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakistani Islamic scholar
http://www.dawn.com/news/778260/profile-dr-muhammad-tahirul-qadri
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2014/10/tahir-ul-qadri-political-enigma-pakistan-2014102271530973245.html
http://www.tahir-ul-qadri.com/

1964: Birth of Sonu Walia, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonu_Walia

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0J9aZnY6iHM

 1986: Akkaraipattu massacre, massacre of 80 Tamil farm workers by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern province of Sri Lanka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/index.html?curid=7545534

1994: Phoolan Devi, popularly named the « Bandit Queen », is released from an Indian jail
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoolan_Devi

1999: Indian PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee inaugurate the Delhi-Lahore bus line going to an historic summit with his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delhi%E2%80%93Lahore_Bus

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2013: Nepal’s major political parties agree to form an interim government led by a supreme court chief justice, and to hold elections in June, in an attempt to end the deadlock that has left the nation without a fully functioning government since last year
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/02/20132196114628235.html

2013: Death, in a car accident, of Park Chul-soo, South Korean director, screenwriter, and producer, born on November 20, 1948

http://www.filmbiz.asia/news/park-chul-soo-1948-2013

http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2967360

2013: Prominent Pakistani Taliban commander Maulvi Faqir Mohammad has been arrested in eastern Afghanistan
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21504250

2014: The chief minister of Tamil Nadu orders the release of all seven people jailed for plotting the assassination of former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/india-minister-orders-release-rajiv-gandhis-killers
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-26252797

 

Holidays and observances

Birthday of Shivaji or Shivaji Jayanti (Maharashtra)

On 18 February in South Asian history

ON 18 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 18, 2017

3102 BC: Origin of the Kali Era (India)
http://www.thevedicfoundation.org/bhartiya_history/mahabharat.htm

1294: Death of Khubilai Khan, founder of the Chinese Yuan dynasty, born on September, 23 1215
http://www.biography.com/people/kublai-khan-9369657#life-under-kublai-khan
http://countrystudies.us/mongolia/18.htm
http://www.chinapage.com/painting/kublai.html

1405: Death of Tamerlane (Timur), Mongol emperor, born on April 8, 1336
http://www.historytoday.com/richard-cavendish/death-tamerlane
http://www.silk-road.com/artl/timur.shtml

 

1486: Birth of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint and bhakti yoga developer
http://www.purebhakti.com/mission/bhakti-is-love-mainmenu-75/799-life-of-sri-chaitanya-mahaprabhu.html
http://www.dlshq.org/saints/gauranga.htm


1815: The king Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe of Kandyan kingdom (Ceylon) is captured by the British
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Vikrama_Rajasinha

1836: Birth of Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda  who died on August 16, 1886
http://www.belurmath.org/sriramakrishna.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFDcLVmOU_c

1883: Birth of Madan Lal Dhingra, Indian Revolutionary who died on August 17, 1909
http://www.whereincity.com/india/great-indians/freedom-fighters/madan-lal.php)
http://www.freeindia.org/biographies/greatpersonalities/madanlal/index.htm

1894: Birth of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, Indian independence activist then minister who died on October 24, 1954
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/rafi-ahmed-kidwai-biography.html
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=23&ved=0CC8QFjACOBQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.paulbrass.com%2Ffiles%2FDnb_entry_kidwa.doc&ei=g3PjVIr9OsvtaNTwgagH&usg=AFQjCNFwEezTNswQrk1–Vlqz3dynlHZ9Q&sig2=FWMifQsvSP2BrULhRE5Iog

Rafi Ahmed Kidwai

1911: The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away
http://postalmuseumblog.si.edu/2011/01/india-and-the-worlds-first-official-air-mail-by-airplane.html
http://earlyaviators.com/epequet.htm

1926: Birth of Nalini Jaywant, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nalini_Jaywant
http://www.imdb.com/media/rm1663081728/nm0419787

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2SA7pOS4nQ0

1927 : Birth ofnKhayyam, Indian music composer
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/khayyam-mn0002009653
http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/musicbetween-silence-and-speech/article4414752.ece

1946: Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in Mumbai harbour, from where it would spread throughout British India and involve 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Indian_Navy_Mutiny
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/18-february-1946-mutiny-against-the-british-began-in-the-royal-indian-navy
http://oldphotosbombay.blogspot.fr/2008/07/indian-naval-mutiny-of-1946-against.html

1951: Nepal king Tribhuvan, in exile from one year, comes back to his country as a constitutional king
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribhuvan

1959: For the first time in Tibet history, legislative elections are organized

1979: President Zia ur-Rahmans National Party wins elections in Bangladesh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladeshi_general_election,_1979

2007: Attack on the Samjhanta Express (Train of the Friendship) between Pakistan and India causing 67 people dead
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Samjhauta_Express_bombings
http://www.dawn.com/news/695646

2008: First free elections since Musharraf took power, won by Bhutto family party, the PPP
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7258318.stm

2010: Obama meets with Dalai Lama despite Chinese objections
http://edition.cnn.com/2010/POLITICS/02/18/obama.dalailama/index.html

 

Holidays and observances

Nepal: National Democracy Day (The 1951 overthrow of the Rana dynasty)

On 17 February in South Asian history

ON 17 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 17, 2017

1702: Birth of Muhammad Shah, the last Mughal emperor (1719-1748) who died on April 26, 1748
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P068
http://pakistanspace.tripod.com/khurram/msrangeela.htm

1843: Engagement between a British force of about 2,800 troops under Sir Charles Napier and a host of more than 20,000 followers of the amirs (chiefs) of Sindh ending in a British victory and the annexation of most of Sindh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Miani

1883: After hunger strile, death of Vasudev Balwant Phadke, Indian revolutionary, father of the armed struggle for independence, born on November 14, 1845
http://www.hindujagruti.org/news/4072.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vasudev_Balwant_Phadke

vasudev balwant phadke

1899: Birth of Jibanananda Das, Bangladeshi-Indian poet and author who died on October 22, 1954
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jibanananda_Das
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Jibanananda_Das

1931: First talks between Mahatma Gandhi and viceroy of British India, Lord E.W. Irving

1984: Birth of Sadha, South Indian film actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sadha

1986: Death of Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher , born on May 11, 1895
http://www.jkrishnamurti.org/about-krishnamurti/biography.php
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/17-february-1986-jiddu-krishnamurti-philosopher-and-author-died

1997: After a huge victory, Nawaz Sharif comes back for the second time as Pakistan’s Prime Minister
https://www.facebook.com/rulers.pakistan/posts/550342545039403:0
http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/arc/2241_97.htm

2002: The Nepali communist guerilla launches its largest scale offensive since  the beginning of the insurrection in 1996. 137 are killed

2010: The European Union has decided to suspend Sri Lanka’s preferential trade benefits because of concerns over the country’s human rights record
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8518054.stm

2013: Death of Manoranjan Das, Indian playwright, born March 11, 1923
http://www.indianetzone.com/29/manoranjan_das_indian_theatre_personality.htm
http://incredibleorissa.com/en/dramatist-manoranjan-das-passes/

Manoranjan Das

2014: The United Nations’ human rights chief has called for an international war crimes investigation into alleged atrocities carried out in the final stages of the Sri Lankan civil war, according to reports
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/srilanka/10644023/UN-calls-for-Sri-Lankan-war-crimes-inquiry.html

2014: Death of R. K. Srikantan, Indian singer, born on January 14, 1920
http://scroll.in/article/656630/RK-Srikantan,-last-link-to-a-golden-age-of-Carnatic-music,-dies-at-94
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/rk-srikantan-passes-away/article5699784.ece

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B7SuKTXJuEg

2014: A Pakistan Taliban faction announced the execution of 23 soldiers on Monday, dealing a fresh blow to already dwindling hopes that peace talks might end years of violence
http://www.voanews.com/content/pakistan-peace-talks-stalled-by-soldier-deaths/1852733.html http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/10643505/Peace-talks-collapse-as-Taliban-execute-23-Pakistani-soldiers.html

2015: India’s Hindu nationalist Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tuesday promised a crackdown on religious violence and freedom of worship for all faiths after a series of attacks on churches
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-31499978
http://www.sify.com/news/full-text-pm-modis-speech-on-religious-tolerance-news-national-pcrqsjegfehbj.html

2016: A Maldives court convicts opposition leader Sheikh Imran Abdulla of terrorism and sentenced him to 12 years in jail
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-35593011