Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 26 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 26, 2017

1820: Birth of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Bengali scholar, who died on July 29, 1891

1876: Birth of Syed Ghulam Bhik Nairang, a poet and a prominent Indian/Pakistani Muslim leader who died on October 16, 1952

1910: Indian journalist Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai is arrested after publishing criticism of the government of Travancore and exiled.

1923: Birth of Dev Anand, Indian actor and film Producer who died on December 3, 2011

1932: Birth of Indian prime minister Manmohan Singh from 2004 to May 2014

1959: After the death of Sri Lanka premier Solomon Bandaranaike, W. Dahanayake assumes the charge up to March 1960

1975: The Indemnity Act of Bangladesh to give immunity from legal action to the persons involved in the assassination of president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman(August 15, 1975), is promulgated in the form of an Ordinance by president Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad. It was titled Indemnity Ordinance No. 50 of 1975. Later it was ratified by the Bangladesh Parliament as an Act

1977: Death of Uday Shankar, Indian dancer and choreographer, born on December 8, 1900

1989: Death of Hemant Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Indian singer and composer, born on June 16, 1920

2001: In Kabul, Afghanistan, the abandoned U.S. Embassy is stormed by protesters. It was the largest anti-American protest since the terror attacks on New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11

2008: Pakistani troops have killed 1,000 Islamist militants in a huge offensive in the Bajaur tribal district over the last month, the army says

2010: Pakistan minister Abdul Qayum Jatoi quits after accusing army of killings

2012: Death of Shah Saeed Ahmed Raipuri, Pakistani scholar and author, born in January 1928!topic/presspakistan/H-5ihv1TgLI

2014: Ashraf Ghani won Afghanistan’s disputed presidential election decisively with 55 per cent of the vote, results reveal after the figure was kept secret for five days over concerns that fraud allegations could trigger violence


On 25 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 25, 2017

1916: Birth of Deendayal Upadhyaya, Indian philosopher and activist who died on February 11, 1968

1939: Birth of Feroz Khan Bollywood actor and film maker who died on April 27, 2009

1959: Solomon Bandaranaike, prime minister of Sri Lanka is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day

1965: In a note to New-Delhi, China reminds its claim on 90,000 km2 of the Indian territory

1986: Death of Darshan Singh Canadian, Indian communist leader, born in 1917

1995: Death of Salil Chowdhury, Indian music composer, poet, writer, dramatist and filmmaker, born on November 19, 1922

1996: Taleban fighters capture the strategically important Sarobi, 45 miles east of Kabul, which allowed them to march easily to within three miles of the city centre

2005: Death of Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist

2008: Pakistan says its troops fired warning shots at two Nato helicopters as they crossed the border from Afghanistan



On 24 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 24, 2017

1534: Birth of Guru Ram Das, Fourth Master of Sikhism, died on September 1, 1581

1674: Second Tantrik Coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

1861: Birth of Bhikaiji Cama, Indian activist who died on August 13, 1936

1873: Establishment of « Satyashodhak Samaj”, (Truth-seeker Movement) at Pune, Maharashtra, India by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule

1925: Birth of Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist, who died on December 21, 2004

1932: Gandhi and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar agree to the Poona Pact, which reserved seats in the Indian provincial legislatures for the « Depressed Classes » (Untouchables)

1998: As precondition to the restoration of diplomatic relations with UK, Iran renounces to the fatwa against Salman Rushdie

2002: In India, Swaminarayan Temple in Gandhinagar (capital of Gujarat) is attacked. Around 30 Hindu are killed and 50 wounded

2004: Death of Indian physicist Raja Ramanna, born on January 28, 1925

2006: Death of Padmini, Indian actress, born on June 12, 1932

2012: Death of Thilakan, Indian actor, born on July 15, 1938

2014: An Indian spacecraft reaches Mars and enters the planet’s orbit, in a historic feat crowning India as the first country to execute such a mission in its maiden attempt



On 23 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 23, 2017

1803: During the Second Anglo-Maratha War (India), Battle of Assaye

1908: Birth of Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Indian poet, academic, and politician who died on April 24, 1974

1912: Birth of Ghulam Mustafa Khan (Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist), who died on September 25, 2005

1930: Birth of Sehba Akhta, poet of Pakistan who died on February 19, 1996

1943: Birth of Tanuja, Indian actress

1955: Pakistan signs Baghdad Pact, joining Iran, Iraq, and Turkey in a military alliance with the USA, later converted into the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)

1965: In the Second Indo-Pakistani War (that started in April), after the intervention of the Great Powers, India and Pakistan sign a cease-fire

2011: Pakistan’s foreign minister warns that the US could lose Pakistan as an ally if it continues to publicly accuse Islamabad of supporting militants

2015: Death of Dayananda Saraswati, Indian monk and philosopher, born on August 15, 1930


On 22 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 21, 2017

1539: Death of Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism, born on April 15, 1469

1887: Birth of Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil, Indian activist, who died on May 9, 1959

1931: Birth of Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher

1944: In India, end and failure of the negotiations between Gandhi and Jinnah on the Muslim question

1965: Second Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire

1970: Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is succeeded by Abdul Razak

1970: Death of Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer, born on March 30, 1899

1988: Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst is assassinated, born on September 12, 1914

1991 : Death of Durga Khote, film actress, born on January 14, 1905

2001: After Pakistan’s president General Musharraf aligned with the US on Afghanistan, the USA leaves all the 1998 sanctions against India and Pakistan after their nuclear tests

2002: Death of Vernon Corea Sri Lankan broadcaster who paved the for ethnic minority broadcasters

2012: Death of Hector Abhayavardhana, Sri Lankan marxist theorist, born on January 1, 1919

2013: At least 75 people have died and more than 120 wounded in a suicide attack against a church in northwestern Pakistan.  The deadliest ever assault on the country’s Christian minority.,-two-suicide-bombers-attack-Protestant-church-:-over-one-hundred-dead-and-130-injured-29076.html




On 21 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 21, 2017

1743: Death of Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper, born on November 3, 1688

1746: The Siege of Madras (in the first Carnatic War) comes to an end. The French capture Fort St George (Madras) from the British

1919: Birth of Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani scholar of Islam, who died on July 26, 1988

1926: Birth of Noor Jehan, Pakistani singer and actress, death on December 23, 2000

1939: Birth of Agnivesh, Indian social activist

1949 : Manipur is merged with the Indian Union. It was once an independent princely state, which was taken over by the British in 1891

1955: Birth of Gulshan Grover, Indian actor

1960: Birth of Sikandar Sanam, Pakistani actor and singer who died o, November 5, 2012!/2012/06/about-sikandar-sanam.html

1971: Bhutan enters the United Nations

1980: Birth of Kareena Kapoor, Indian actress

1981: Birth of Rimi Sen, Indian actress

1989: Rajini Thiranagama, Sri Lankan Tamil physician and academic is killed. Born on February 23, 1954

1987: Speaking to US Congress, the Dalai Lama introduces his Five points Peace Plan for Tibet

1988: Birth of Bilawal Bhutto, Son of Benazir Bhutto and Asif Zardani, vice-president of the PPP since December 2007

1995: The Hindu milk miracle occurs, in which statues of the Hindu God Ganesh began drinking milk when spoonfuls were placed near their mouths

1996: In India, Sitaram Kesri succeeds Narasimha Rao, involved in a fraud case, as chairman of the Indian Congress

2004: The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People’s War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist)

2013: Voters in Sri Lanka’s north have held their first-ever elections for a semi-autonomous council, four years after the army defeated Tamil Tiger rebels.


On 20 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 20, 2017

1388: Death of Sultan Firuz Tughlaq Shah III of Delhi, born in 1309

1857: The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company after a 3 month siege


1916: Birth of Malik Meraj Khalid, Former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan from November 1996 to February 1997, who died on June 13, 2003

1923: Birth of Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian Telugu actor

1933: Death of Annie Besant, British social reformer, campaigner for women’s rights and a supporter of Indian nationalism, born on October 1, 1847

1945: The Pan-Indian Congress, with Gandhi and Nehru as leaders, rejects the British proposition of internal autonomy and asks the United Kingdom to quit India

1948: Death of Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian writer, born on April 14, 1881

1949: Birth of Mahesh Bhatt, Indian film director

1965: In a diplomatic note to New Delhi, Beijing reminds its claim on 90,000 km2 of Indian territory

1979: The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML)

1996: Murtaza Bhutto, brother of Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani politician, is killed by police. Born on September 18 1954

2003: In the Maldives, the death of the prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé

2008: At least 40 people are killed and 100 others wounded after a car-bomb attack on the Marriott Hotel in Pakistan’s capital Islamabad

2010: In Sri Lanka, Court martial sentences General Fonseka to three years in prison for corruption. Activists and opposition parties protest what they see as an attack against justice and democracy

2011: The peace council leader, former President Burhanuddin Rabbani, is killed by a suicide bomber in or near his heavily guarded home in the Afghan capital, Kabul

2012: Death of Dinesh Thakur, Indian actor and director, born in 1947

2014: Afghan presidential candidates Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah have finally negotiated a long-awaited deal to share power in a so-called national unity government, a move likely to end a months-long election crisis in the war-shattered country

On 19 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 19, 2017

1936: Death of Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician, born on August 10, 1860

1958: Birth of Lucky Ali, Indian singer, composer and actor

1960: Indus River Water Sharing Settlement is signed between India and Pakistan

1961: India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India

1976: Birth of Isha Koppikar, Indian model and actress

2001: In Afghanistan, the religious leaders ask Oussama ben Laden to voluntarily leave the country as US combat activities in Afghanistan looking at destroying A-qaida and the Taleban protecting them begin

2004: Death of Damayanti Joshi, Indian classical dancer of Kathak style, born on September 5, 1932–Menakaa-s-Daughter/Vm0xMFlXRXlSbkpQVm1SU1lrVndVbFpyVWtKUFVUMDkr

2014: Chinese troops have begun pulling back from the disputed border with India as President Xi Jinping wrapped up a rare visit to New Delhi overshadowed by the stand-off at the remote frontier

On 18 September in South Asian history


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Updated on September 18, 2017

1906: Birth of Kaka Hathrasi, Indian satirist poet and author who died on September 18, 1995

Kaka Hathrasi

1948: Defeated by the Indian Army, the Nizam of Hyderabad surrenders his sovereignty over the Hyderabad State and joins the Indian Union,_Asaf_Jah_VII

1950: Birth of Shabana Azmi, Indian actress

1950: Birth of Vishnuvardhan, Indian actor who died on December 30, 2009

1954: Birth of Murtaza Bhutto, Pakistani politician, killed by police on September 19, 1996

1966: General (rtd) Musa Khan is sworn as Governor of West Pakistan, succeeding to Amir Mohammad Khan

1969: Religious riots in Ahmedabad (India), up to 22 September: 500 dead

1995: Death of Kaka Hathrasi, Indian satirist poet and author, born on September 18, 1906 (see above)

2005: First free election in Afghanistan. The result will be known on October 22

2007: President General Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president

2012: Trinamool Congress quits India coalition over reform plan. A key regional party, it has pulled out of India’s governing coalition over its decision to open up the retail sector to global supermarket chains

2012: Pakistan Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf says he will obey Supreme Court order to reopen a corruption case against the country’s president

On 17 September in South Asian history

Maqbool Fida Husain


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Updated on September 17, 2017

1879: Birth of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian Social Reformer who died on December 24, 1973

1906: Birth of Junius Richard Jayewardene, president of Sri Lanka from 1978 until 1989 who died on November 1, 1996

Japan: September 12, 1979 Tokyo President of Sliranka Junius Richard JAYAWARDENE at Japan National Press Club Photo by Kaku Kurita ƒXƒŠƒ‰ƒ“ƒJ‘哝—Ì

1915: Birth of Maqbool Fida Husain, Indian painter who died on June 9, 2011

Maqbool Fida Husain

1930: Birth of Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist

1949 : The state political party of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) which means “Dravadian Progress Federation” is founded by C.N Annadurai

1950: Birth of Narendra Modi, Indian Prime Minister from May 26, 2014


1953: Birth of Altaf Hussain, Pakistani founder and leader of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s-Altaf-Hussain/article14587077.ece

1965: Beginning of the Battle of Chawinda between Pakistan and India

1974: Bangladesh joins the United Nations

1977: In Pakistan, on charge to have order the killing of a political opponent in November 1974, Ali Bhutto who has been thrown out by General Zia-ul Haq is arrested

1983: Birth of Sanaya Irani, Indian actress

2004: Tamil is declared the first classical language in India

2011: There is evidence linking the Haqqani militant network to Pakistan’s government, the US ambassador to Pakistan has said in a radio interview

2012: Pakistan conducts a successful test fire of the indigenously developed multi tube Cruise Missile Hatf-VII (Babur), having a range of 700 kilometers and nuclear capable missile.

2013: Bangladesh’s top court sentences a senior Islamist opposition leader to death for mass murder during the country’s 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. Abdul Quader Molla, 65, the fourth-highest-ranked leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, is the first politician to be found guilty.

2013: Rights group Amnesty International awards its highest honour to Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani teen shot in the head last year by the Taliban for campaigning for girls’ education

2014: Chinese president Xi Jinping begins a maiden visit to India with both sides seeking to reset the relationship between Asia’s rival superpowers