Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 21 June in South Asian history

1948-06-21 C. Rajagopalachari


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Updated on June 21, 2018

1576 The Mughal army defeats Rana Pratap Singh in the Battle of Haldighati

1576-06-21 Battle of Haldighati

1912: Birth of Vishnu Prabhakar, Indian author who died on April 11, 2009

1948: Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India, formerly the last Viceroy. Rajagopalachari is appointed the first (and last) Indian Governor General of the Indian union C. Rajagopalachari
1953: Birth of Benazir Bhutto, twice Pakistani prime minister, assassinated on December 27, 2007

1991 : P.V Narasimha Rao is sworn in as the ninth Prime Minister of India 1991-06-21 Narasimha Rao sworn in

1992: Death of Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah, Bengali poet, born on October 16, 1956

2003: Beginning of a six-day visit of Indian Premier Atal Behari Vajpayee in China. The first at this level since ten years

2012: Having already ousted one prime minister this week, Pakistan’s courts sabotage the appointment of a replacement by ordering the arrest of the man nominated to take up the job.

On 20 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 20, 2018

1756: In Calcutta (India), after their fort have been taken  by Siraj, the nawab of Bengale, 150 British soldiers are imprisoned in a cell. That became known as the Black Hole of Calcutta

1858 : The Gwalior Fort is captured by British troops and the first Indian Sepoy Mutiny officially comes to an end

1858-06-20 Fall of Gwalior fort

1887: Victoria Terminus, the busiest railway station in India, opens in Bombay.

1921: Workers of Buckingham and Carnatic Mills in the city of Chennai, India, begin a four-month strike

1952: Birth of Vikram Seth, Indian poet

1959: In India, the 14th Dalai Lama repudiates the Seventeen-point agreement for the peaceful liberation of Tibet, signed in Beijing on May 23, 1951, because “thrust upon Tibetan government and people by the threat of arms”

1984: Birth of Neetu Chandra, Indian actress

1985 :The America’s highest civilian decoration, the Medal of Freedom, is presented to Mother Teresa

1985-06-20 Medal of Freedom is presented to Mother Teresa.

2001: In Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf names himself president, replacing Muhammad Rafiq Tarar, as president, and after that dissolves the parliament

2001: With the defection of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (11 MP) to the opposition side, Sri Lanka President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga loses the majority in the parliament

On 20 June in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on June 20, 2018

1826: Siam and Britain sign a trade and peace treaty, known as Burney Treaty

1826-06-20 Burney treaty

1944: The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive US naval victory (see June 19)

1946: Birth of Xanana Gusmao, former President of East Timor (2002-2007) then Prime Minister up to February 2015

1948: Foundation of the Malayan People’s anti-British Army, (renamed Malayan Peoples Liberation Army in February 1949), led by communist leader Chin Peng

1950 After recognition of independence, Dutch Air Force base of Tjililitan is given to Indonesia

1962: Vietnamese Buddhist sect Hoa Hao organizes huge demonstrations against Catholic president Ngo Dimh Diem

1964: In Tokyo, the conference on Malaysia between Malacagal, Sukarno et Abdul Rahman, ends with no result

1964: US General William Westmorland takes command in South Vietnam

1976: The Americans give up their last two military bases in Thailand

1984: Beginning of the third withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Cambodia, around 10,000 troopers

1997: Indonesia and Portugal announce that they resume talks on East-Timor future

2015: The ruling Cambodian People’s Party elected Prime Minister Hun Sen to succeed the late Chea Sim as party president

On 19 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 19, 2018

1595: Birth of Guru Hargobind- 6th sikh guru who died on March 2, 1644

1747: Nader Shah, Persian Emperor is assassinated

1947: Birth of Salman Rushdie, Indian author of the controversial “Satanic Verses”

1949: Death of Syed Zafarul Hasan, prominent Muslim Indian-Pakistani philosopher, born in February 1885

1966 : The Shiv Sena, a Hindu nationalist political organisation, is founded by Balasaheb Thackeray

1970: Birth of Rahul Gandhi, Indian politician

1972: Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, former Chief Minister of Kashmir and known as the Lion of Kashmir returns after 16 months in exile for advocating a plebiscite on the future of Kashmir

1981: Apple, India’s first three-axis stabilized experimental Geostationary communication satellite, is launched by the Indian Space Research Organization

Apple satellite

1985: Birth of Kajal Aggarwal, Indian actress

2008: Death of Barun Sengupta, Bengali journalist, born on January23, 1934

2009: The Pakistani Armed Forces open Operation Rah-e-Nijat against the Taliban and other Islamist rebels in the South Waziristan area of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas

2012: Pakistan’s top court disqualifies Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani from holding office, two months after convicting him of contempt of court.

2012: Speaking at the University of Westminster, the Dalai Lama calls for « realistic » expectations on Tibet’s future, reasserting his belief that « complete independence is out of the question »

On 18 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 18, 2018

1816: Birth of Maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana, Prime Minister and virtual ruler of Nepal for approximately more than three decades between 1846 and his death on February 25, 1877

1861: Birth of Devaki Nandan Khatri, Indian writer who died in 1913

 Devaki NandanKhatri

1946: Dr Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist, calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa

1954: Birth of Baburam Bhattarai, Maoist leader, prime minister of Nepal from August 29, 2011 to March 201

2001: Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India

2012: A Taliban commander in northwest Pakistan announces a ban on polio vaccines for children as long as the United States continues its campaign of drone strikes in the region

2013: Afghanistan armed forces take the security lead, a turning point for American and NATO military forces, which will now move entirely into a supporting role. It also opens the way for their full withdrawal in 18 month

2016: Death of Jeppiaar, Indian educationist, founder and chancellor of Sathyabama University, born in 1931

On 17 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 17, 2018

1631: Death of Arjumand Banu Begum, for who her husband Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal mausoleum

1756: Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah attacks the British settlement of Calcutta with 50,000 soldiers

1858: In the battle for Gwalior, Rani Lakshmibai, queen of Jhansi (northern India) is killed. One of the leading figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Born in 1828

1965:  Death of Indian actor Motilal, born on December 4, 1910

1989 : In a joint communiqué, India and Pakistan announce that they decide to end the five-year-old confrontation in Siachen Glacier area by withdrawing and redeploying their forces.

1993: Gulbuddin Hekmatyar becomes Afghan premier till June 1994

2012: Death of Fauzia Wahab, Pakistani politician, born on November 24, 1956

2016: An Indian court jails 11 Hindus for life for the murder of dozens of Muslims during riots in Gujarat in 2002 that shook India at a time Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the state’s chief minister


On 16 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 16, 2018

1858: Battle of Morar, during the anti-British Indian mutiny

1925: Death of Chittaranjan Das, Indian patriot and freedom fighter, born on November 5, 1870

1934: Birth of Kumari Kamala, Indian dancer and actress

1941: Birth of Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistani journalist

1950: Birth of Mithun Chakraborty, Indian actor

1970: Birth of Younus AlGohar, Pakistani poet, academic, and humanitarian, co-founded Messiah Foundation International

1994: Birth of Aarya Ambekar, Indian Marathi singer

2006: In Sri Lanka, after an attack on a bus that caused 69 killed, new war between government troops and the Tamil Tigers

2009: The leaders of India and Pakistan meet for the first time since last November’s Mumbai (Bombay) attacks

2010: Bhutan becomes the first country to institute a total ban on tobacco

2011: The general command of al-Qaeda announces the appointment of Sheikh Ayman al-Zawahiri as head of the group.

2013: Death of Khondakar Ashraf Hossain, Bangladesh poet and academic, born on January 4, 1950

On 15 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 15, 2018

1659: Coronation of Mughol emperor Aurangzeb at Red Fort, Delhi

1927: Birth of Ibn-e-Insha, Pakistani humorist and Urdu poet, who died on January 11, 1978

1937: Birth of Anna Hazare, Indian activist

1947: The All-Indian Congress accepts a British plan for the partition of India

1972: In Uttar Pradesh (India), twenty-four people are killed in Hindu/Muslim clashes sparked by the implementation of an equal education law that requires Muslim schools to open admissions to all students, regardless of religious affiliation

1981: USA announces a total aid of  3 billion USD in six years to Islamabad

1983: Death of Srirangam Srinivasarao, Indian poet

1991: In India, Congress Party wins the 10th general elections which started on May 20. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister sworn in on June 21,_1991

2011: Pakistan has arrested five Pakistani CIA informants for helping the US agency kill Osama bin Laden earlier this year, according to The New York Times

2013: Death of Manivannan, Indian actor and director, born on July 31, 1954

2014: Pakistan launches a « comprehensive operation » against armed groups northwestern tribal region bordering Afghanistan, after killing scores of fighters in air raids

2014 : Death of Sardar Fazlul Karim, Bangladeshi philosopher and academic, born on May 1, 1925

2016: Barack Obama angers China by meeting Dalai Lama at White House


On 14 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 14, 2018

1444: Birth of Nilakantha Somayaji, Indian mathematician, who died in 1544

1920 : Birth of Bharat Bhushan, a Hindi film actor known for his sensitive portrayals of musicians and poets in several films of the 1950s and 1960s, who died on January 27, 1992

1971: Birth of Pritam Chakraborty, Indian music director and composer


1979: Death of Ahmad Zahir, Afghan singer and composer, born on June 13, 1946

2004: The Workers Party of Bangladesh is split, as Khandaker Ali Abbas leaves to form a new party

2008: In Afghanistan, Taliban attack Kandahar prison, freeing 350 of their militants

2011: India signs its biggest defence deal with the USA to procure ten C-17 heavy-lift aircraft for US$ 4.1 billion under which American defence major Boeing will set up test facilities for hi-tech aeronautics engines for the Defence Research and Development Organistaion (DRDO)

2012: Death of Kaka Radhakrishnan, Indian actor, born in 1926

2014: Voting in the second round of Afghanistan’s presidential election has ended with millions turning out to cast their ballots braving fresh attacks that left at least 14 people dead and 41 others injured


On 13 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 13, 2018

2002: In Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai is elected chairman of the Loya Jirga

2002: In Nepal, Defense minister says that security forces killed 500 Maoist rebels

2003: Death of Malik Meraj Khalid, former caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (November 1996-February 1997)

2010: Pakistani officials reject allegations that their country’s powerful intelligence agency still supports the Taliban and other Afghan insurgents after a paper from a Harvard academic accused the agency of continued links to the rebels

2012: Ustad Mehdi Hassan, Pakistan’s legendary classical singer who captivated millions of music fans across South Asia, has died. He was 84.