Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 17 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 17, 2019

1866: Birth of Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad, who died on December 12, 1911

1909: Indian revolutionary, Madan Lal Dhingra is hanged in Pentonville prison for Sir Wyllie and Lalkaka murders, born on September 18, 1883

1932: Birth of V. S. Naipaul, West Indian writer, Nobel Laureate 2001

1946: Muslim riots in several large Indian cities for an independent Pakistan

1947: The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed

1947: After the Independence of India, the first contingent of British troops sailed for home

1963: Birth of S. Shankar, Indian film director

1974: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, candidate of the Congress Party is elected president of India, sworn on 24,_1974

1981: In Sri Lanka, state of emergency is declared after ethnic clashes between Singhalese and Tamil

1983: Three Afghan nationalist moderate movements announce their alliance and support king Zaher Shah in exile in Italy

1988: General Zia-ul-Haq, president of Pakistan, is killed in a plane crash near Bahawalpur

 1988-08-17 muhammad-zia-ul-haq-crashed-airplane

2005: Over 500 bombs are set off by terrorists at 300 locations in 63 out of the 64 districts of Bangladesh

2006: Death of Shamsur Rahman, Bengali poet

2015 : Sri Lanka’s ruling United National Party has won the most seats in the island’s parliamentary August 17 elections, blocking former President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s attempt to return to power

2018: Imran Khan elected 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan

On 16 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 16, 2019

1765: In India, Robert Clive signs the treaty of Allahabad by which Great-Britain will have the monopoly of the collection of tax in Bengal, Orissa and Bihar

1765-08-16 Traité de Allahabad
1886: Death of Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda, born in February 1836

1946: Direct Action Day or The Great Calcutta Killing begins, in which more than 4,000 would be killed in 72 hours…/direct-action-day-also-known-as-the-great-calcutta-killingthe-great-calcutta-killing

1961: Death of Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar

1962: Eight years after the remaining French India territories were handed to India, the ratifications of the treaty are exchanged to make the transfer official

1969: Varahagiri Venkata Giri is elected president of India (starting on August 24)

1970: Birth of Manisha Koirala, Nepalese Bollywood actress

1970: Birth of Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor

1971: The Bangladeshi Freedom Fighters explode several Pakistani warships in Chittagong

1994: In Sri Lanka, land slide election victory of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, led by Chandrika Kumaratunga,_1994

1997: Noted Pakistani singer, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, born on October 13, 1948, passes away

2011: In India, police arrest Anna Hazare and detains 1,400 of his supporters ahead of a mass fast to protest against corruption.

2018: Death of former Indian prime minister Vajpayee at 93

On 15 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 15, 2019

1798: Birth of Sangolli Rayanna, a prominent freedom fighter from Karnataka, India, executed on January 26, 1831

1872: Birth of Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru, who died on December 5, 1950

1912: Birth of Amir Khan, Indian singer who died on February 13, 1974

1945: Birth of Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician, leader of the opposition

1947: India gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes an independent nation within the Commonwealth , Jawaharlal Nehru addresses the nation with the Indian Declaration of Independence and takes office as the first Prime Minister of India–India-Gains-Independence-from-Britain.html

1947: Birth of Raakhee Gulzar, Indian actress

1947: The founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor General of Pakistan at Karachi

1949: French gives back the administration of Chandernagor to the Indian authorities

1955: The « Pacifist Movement » for the incorporation of Portugese Indies into India triggers riots in  Goa

1961: Birth of Suhasini Maniratnam, Indian Actress

1965: During the Second Indo-Pakistani War, Indian forces crossed the border and launched an attack on the territory of Kashmir administered by Pakistan

1975: Military coup in Bangladesh. President Sheikh Mujibur Rehman is killed along with all family members, except Haseena Wajid

2004: Death of Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician

2008: Maoist leader Prachanda is elected as Nepal’s Prime Minister


Holidays and observances

India: Independence Day (from the United Kingdom, 1947)

On 14 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 14, 2019

1774: Birth of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian Freedom fighter and social reformer, who died on September 27, 1833

1911: Birth of Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian spiritual leader, who died on March 28, 2006

1924: Birth of Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, 16th Karmapa Lama, Tibetan religious figure, who died on November 5, 1981

1947: Pakistan gains Independence from the British Indian Empire under the administration of United Kingdom and joins the British Commonwealth

1947-08-14 Indépendance

1957 : Birth of Bollywood actor and comedian Johnny Lever

1952: In Nepal, end of a royal coup d’état. The king takes personnaly the power

1973: The constitution of 1973 comes into effect in Pakistan

2000: Pakistan’s President Musharraf introduces Local Government Ordinance

2006: In Sri Lanka, a girls school is bombed by government troops causing 61 people dead and 200 wounded

2011: Death of Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor and director, born on October 21, 1931

2011: Jhalanath Khanal, Nepal’s prime minister, submits his resignation to the president over failure to reach consensus on moving forward with the country’s peace process


Holidays and observances

Pakistan : Independence Day

On 13 August in South Asian history


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Upgrated on August 13, 2019

1784: British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government

1891: The three great defenders of Manipur, Senapati Tikendrajit Singh, his brothers, Agnesh Sena and General Thangal are hanged by the British

1954: Radio Pakistan broadcasts National Anthem of Pakistan for the first time

1963: Birth of Sridevi, Indian actress

1999: Death of Gopal Shankar Misra, Indian vichitra veena player and educator, born in 1957

2000: Death, due to lung cancer, of Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer, born April 3, 1965

2004: In the Maldives, state of emergency is proclaimed after a 3,000 thousand demonstration demanding the release of four democrats. Police arrest 286 people

2010: A court martial,founds the former Sri Lankan armed forces chief, General Sarath Fonseka, guilty of engaging in politics while on active service.

2011: Noted filmmaker Tareque Masud, media personality Ashfaque Munier Mishuk and three others died in a fatal road crash on Dhaka-Aricha highway in Manikganj, sending shockwaves through the nation

2012: Celebrity activist Baba Ramdev arrested after speaking to 10,000 supporters during anti-corruption protest in New Delhi

2016: Death of Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu leader, born on December 7, 1921

On 12 August in South Asian history


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Upgrated on August 12, 2019

1281: The fleet of Qubilai Khan is destroyed by a typhoon while approaching Japan

1602 : Emperor Akbar’s vizier, Abu’l Fazl, is murdered on the instigation of Akbar’s son, prince Salim (who was later known by his imperial name, Jahangir)

1909: Birth of Muhammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan premier (1953-1955), who died on July 15, 1963

1919: Birth of Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist, who died on December 31, 1971

1924: Birth of general Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, dictator of Pakistan (1977-1988), who died on August 17, 1988


1955: After the forced resignation of Muhammad Ali Bogra, Chaudry Mohammed Ali is sworn in as 4th Pakistan’s PM (up to September 12, 1956)

1977: Start of Sri Lankan riots of 1977, targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamil people less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed

2005: Sri Lanka’s foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, born on February 12, 1932, is fatally shot by an LTTE sniper at his home

2005: Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives

2013: Grandpass mosque in Colombo (Sri Lanka) is shut down after the violent attack by some Buddhist monks. The authorities carried out the order agreeing to the demands of the attackers who want the place of worship dismantled

On 11 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 11, 2019

1259: Death of Mongke Khan, Great Khan of the Mongol Empire (1251-1259)-, born in 1208

1908: Death by hanging of Khudiram Bose, Indian Young freedom fighter, born on December 3, 1889

1937: Birth of John Abraham, Indian film director, who died on May 31, 1987

1943: Birth of General Pervez Musharraf,  former President of Pakistan (2001-2008)

1947: Muhammad Ali Jinnah gives a speech to the Constituent Assembly outlining his vision of Pakistan

1961: The former Portuguese territories in India of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are merged to create the Union Territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

1974: Birth of Hadiqa Kiani, Pakistani singer-songwriter and model

1985: Birth of Jacqueline Fernandez, Sri Lankan actress and model, Miss Sri Lanka Universe 2006

1988: Al-Qaeda is formed

2003: NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history

2012: Death of Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Indian linguist and academic, born on June 19, 1928

2014: A report published by Amnesty International claims that at least 1,100 Afghan civilians lost their lives as a result of U.S. air strikes between the years 2009 and 2013. The report goes on to lambaste the U.S. military for never investigating the deaths or seeking to help those affected by them

On 10 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 10, 2019

1860: Birth of Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician, who died on September 19, 1936

1894: Birth of Varahagiri Ventaka Giri, fourth president of India (1969-1974), who died on June 23, 1980

1923 Birth of SM Sultan, Bangladeshi painter who died on October 10, 1994

 SM Sultan

1963: Birth of Phoolan Devi, the India Bandits Queen, killed on July 25, 2001

1980: Death of General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan, president of Pakistan (mars 1969-décembre 1971), born on February 4, 1917

1984: Khaleda Zia is elected chairwoman of the Bangladesh National Party (BNP)

1990: Massacre of more than 127 Muslims in North East Sri Lanka by paramilitaries

1999: Death of Padma Bhushan Acharya Baldev Upadhyaya, Eminent Sanskrit Scholar in India, born on October 10, 1899

1999: Near an Indian-Pakistan border area an Indian fighter jet shots down a Pakistani naval aircraft. 16 people are killed

2000: In Sri Lanka, Ratnasiri Wickremanayake becomes prime minister until December 2001

2012: Death of Suresh Dalal, Indian poet and writer, born on October 11, 1932

Suresh Dalal

2016: Bangladesh sentences Sakhawat Hossain, a former parliament member belonging to the Jamaat-e-Islami party, to death for war crimes in 1971

2017: German doctor and nun Ruth Pfau, Pakistan’s ‘Mother Teresa’ dies aged 87


On 9 August in South Asian history

1942-08-09 Ganghi arrêté


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Updated on August 9, 2019

1329: Quilon the first Indian Diocese is erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus is appointed the first Bishop

1683: By a charter, the British Crown gives the power to the East India Company to declare and make war and peace in Asia

1892: Birth of Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan, Indian librarian and educator (mathematician) who was considered the father of library science in India and who died on September 27, 1972

1909: Birth of Vinayaka Krishna Gokak, Indian scholar, author, and academic who died on April 28,  1992

1925 : Members of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) loot the government treasury from the mail train near Kakori (Uttar Pradesh)

1942: Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement

1942-08-09 Ganghi arrêté

1970: Death of Indian freedom fighter, Trailokyanath Chakraborty who spend thirty years of his life in prison, born in 1889,_Trailokyanath

1971: During an Andreï Gromiko visit (8-12 August), signature of a Treaty of Amity and Mutual Assistance between India and Soviet Union

1974: Birth of Mahesh Babu, Indian film actor

1991: Birth of Hansika Motwani, Indian actress

2013: Pakistan’s new President Mamnoon Hussain takesk office, presiding over a government battling to overcome a Taliban insurgency, resolve an energy crisis and repair the economy

2015: Death of Kayyar Kinhanna Rai, Indian journalist, author, and poet, born on June 8, 1915


On 8 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 8, 2019

1509: The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya is crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire

1810: Eminent Urdu poet Mirza Ghalib marries Maaroof, daughter of Nawab Ilahi Baksh, and moved to Delhi

1919: Signature of the treaty of Rawalpindi by which Afghanistan will gain full independence from the United Kingdom

1934: Birth of Sarat Pujari, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter who died on May 12,  2014

1942: Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the AICC, which leads to the start of a civil disobedience movement across India against the British rule

1947: Pakistan’s National Flag is approved

1949: Bhutan becomes independent from Great-Britain and recognized by India

1965: New Delhi draws attention to a large-size infiltrations of Pakistani troops in Kashmir

1976: US State Secretary Henry Kissinger  goes to Pakistan and warns Ali Bhutto against a civil nuclear deal with France

1986: Altaf Hussain’s address at Nishtar Park Karachi, announcement of establishing political movement MQM

2009: Sri Lanka holds its first post-war elections in two Tamil-majority cities in the north

2011: Harvard scholar Lobsang Sangay replaces the Dalai Lama as political leader of Tibet’s government-in-exile after being sworn in as premier The Dalai Lama gives up his political role but remain Tibet’s spiritual leader,-says-Lobsang-Sangay-22310.html

2011: Bangladesh opposition leader Khaleda Zia is accused of acquiring wealth exceeding her known income. An arrest warrant has also been issued against her son, Tarique Rahman

2013: Death of Jaymala Shiledar, Indian actor and singer, born on August 21, 1926

2014: Afghanistan’s two feuding presidential candidates sign a deal confirming they would form a national unity government after an audit of votes is completed to decide the winner of the fraud-tainted election

2016: Taliban suicide bombing at hospital in Pakistan city of Quetta kills at least 70 and wounds some 200 others