Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 23 July in South Asian history


1839-07-23 Battle of Ghusnee


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Updated on July 23, 2017

1839: During the First Afghan war, Battle of Ghuznee, won by the British and Indian forces

1839-07-23 Battle of Ghusnee

1856: Birth of Lokmanya Tilak, Indian freedom fighter, born on August 1, 1920

1906: Birth of Chandrasekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary, who died on February 27, 1931

1925: Birth of Tajuddin Ahmad, first Prime Minister of Bangladesh, who died on November 3, 1975

1936: Birth of Shiv Kumar Batalvi, Punjabi revolutionary who died on May 7, 1973

1973: Birth of Himesh Reshammiya, Indian Bollywood composer, singer and actor. Birth of Surya Sivakumar, Tamil actor

1977: In Sri Lanka, J.R. Jayewardene, Prime Minister (up to February 1978)

1983: Beginning of Sri Lankan Civil War, with the killing of 13 Sri Lanka Army soldiers by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

2004: Death of Mehmood, Indian actor, born on September 29, 1932

2007: Death of Mohammed Zahir Shah, last king of Afghanistan (1933-1973), born on October 15, 1914

2011: In Sri Lanka, a political party that was closely linked with the defeated Tamil Tiger rebels has swept local council elections held in areas ravaged by the country’s 25-year civil war, amid reports of intimidation and vote-buying, officials said. The Tamil National Alliance (TNA) won 20 local councils out of the 25 it contested in the ethnic Tamil-majority north and east

2012: Death of Lakshmi Sahgal, Indian freedom fighter and politician, born on October 24, 1914

2016 : Islamic State (IS) jihadists claims responsibility for twin explosions that ripped through crowds of Shiite Hazaras in Kabul, killing at least 80 people and wounding 231 others in the deadliest attack in the Afghan capital since 2001


On 22 July in South Asian history


Updated on July 22, 2017

1915: Birth of Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author who died on December 11, 2000

2008: India’s Congress party-led government survives a vote of confidence over a civilian nuclear deal with the US

2009: People in Asia have seen the longest total solar eclipse this century, with large areas of India and China plunged into darkness

2012: Former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee is elected Indian president after votes from members of the national and state parliaments were counted in the race for the mainly ceremonial post.

On 21 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 21, 2017

1911: Birth of Umashankar Joshi, Indian author, poet, and scholar who died on December 19, 1988

1920: Birth of Anand Bakshi, Indian poet and songwriter who died on March 30, 2002

1926: Birth of Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general, governor of Balochistan from 1978 to 1984

1960: In Sri Lanka, Sirimavo Bandaranaike takes the oath as Prime Minister up to 1977

1960: Birth of Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer, gunned down on March 8, 1988

1972: Death of Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, king of Bhutan since 1952 (born on May 2, 1929). Jigme Singye Wangchuck, 17 years old becomes the new kind

2001: Death of Sivaji Ganesan, South Indian Tamil actor, born on October 1, 1927

2007: For the first time since independence, 60 years ago, a woman, Pratibha Patil, is elected president of the republic of India

2008: Ram Baran Yadav, from the Nepalese Congress, is elected first president of the Republic of Nepal


On 20 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 20, 2017

1296: Alauddin Khilji declares himself as King of Delhi after assassinating his uncle Jalaluddin Khilji

1402: During the Ottoman-Timurid Wars in the  Battle of Ankara , Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeats forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I

1905 : The first partition of Bengal along religious lines is approved in London by the Secretary of State of India

1929: birth of Rajendra Kumar, Indian actor, who died on July 29, 1999

1947: The Viceroy of India says the people of the Northwest Frontier Province overwhelmingly voted the previous day to join Pakistan rather than India

1950: Birth of Naseeruddin Shah, Indian actor

1960: In Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Sirimavo Bandanaranaike is the first Asian woman to become Prime Minister

1965: Death of Batukeshwar Dutt, Indian activist, born on November 18, 1910

1969: Muhammad Hidayatullah becomes the first acting President of India for one month

1972: Death of Geeta Dutt, Indian singer, born on November 23, 1930

1975: India expels three reporters from The Times, The Daily Telegraph, and Newsweek because they refused to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship

2009: An accord between India and the United States is reached in New Delhi clearing the way for the sale of US-made weapons to India

2010: Hamid Karzai, the Afghan president, has received international backing for plans that would see Afghan forces to take over security across the country in four years


On 19 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 19, 2017

1827: Birth of Mangal Pandey, Indian freedom fighter, hanged on April 8, 1857

1894: Birth of Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Governor general of Pakistan then Prime Minister (October 1951 to April 1953), who died on October 22, 1964)

1909: Birth of Balamani Amma, Indian poet and author who died on September 29, 2004

1947: The king of Tehri Garhwal, Manvendra Shah, announces a merger with the Indian Union

Manvendra Shah

1976: Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created

2007: Death of A. K. Faezul Huq, Bangladeshi lawyer, politician, and freelance journalist, born on March 15, 1945

2012: Death of Humayun Ahmed, Bangladeshi director and author, born on November 13, 1948

On 18 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 18, 2017

715: Death of Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian General who conquered the Singh and Punjab regions (now in Pakistan) beginning the Islamic era in South Asia, born on December 31, 695

1391: During the Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Battle of the Kondurcha River. Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia.

1909: Birth of Mohammad Daoud Khan, first president of Afghanistan (1973-1978)

1935: Birth of Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader

1947: King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

1974: Death of S.V. Ranga Rao, Indian actor, born on July 3, 1918

1980: Rohini 1, the first Indian satellite, is launched into orbit

1982: Birth of Priyanka Chopra, Indian miss world 2000

1985: The second son of Ali Bhutto, Shahnawaz, dies of poisoning in an hotel room in Cannes (France)

1993: In Pakistan, to solve the political crisis between Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, both resign. Wsim Sajjad becomes president by interim prior to elections (up to November

1996: Battle of Mullaitivu, Tamil Tigers carried out this attack killing over 1200 Sri Lankan Army soldiers and capturing the base, biggest single lost to Sri Lankan Army ever

1999: In Kashmir, after the withdrawal of the Pakistanis, end of the Indian military operations in Kargil era


2002: Abdul Kalam is elected president of India (up to July 2007)

2005: Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement, first public joint statement by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the then U.S. President George W. Bush

2012: Death of Bollywood actor Rajesh Khanna at 69                                                             

2013: Death of Samar Mukherjee, Indian marxist politician, born on November 7, 1913

On 17 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 17, 2017

1489 : Sikandar Lodi (Nizam Khan) is crowned Sultan of Delhi

Sikandar Lodi

1941: Birth of Bharathiraja, Indian film director

1973: Afghan Premier, Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan, seizes power from his cousin and brother-in-law, the king Zahir Shah  and establishes the Republic with him as president

1973-07-17 Mohammad Daoud

1977: Birth of Lehmber Hussainpuri, Famous Indian Singer

1996 : M. Karunanidhi, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, announces in the state assembly that the state capital of Madras would from then on be known as Chennai

2009: Pakistani former prime minister Nawaz Sharif. is found not guilty of « hijacking » then army chief Pervez Musharraf’s plane, by not allowing it to land in October of 1999

2011: NATO hands over responsibility for security to local forces in the peaceful Afghan province of Bamiyan , in the first step of a gradual transition process due to be completed by 2014 and paving the way for foreign forces to return home

2014: Death of J. Sasikumar, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter, born on October 14, 1928

2014: Heavily-armed Taliban militants attack the Kabul International Airport, firing rockets and occupying two unused buildings before they were gunned down by Afghan security forces


On 16 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 16, 2017

1909: Birth of Anura Asaf Ali, social worker and heroine of Indian independence who died on July 29, 1996

Aruna Asaf Ali

1954: French rule ends in Mahe with de facto power being transferred to the people and the Indian flag hoisted.

1984: Birth of Katrina Kaif, Indian actress

2001: End of the Indo-Pakistani Agra summit between Indian Vajpayee and Pakistani Musharraf : Failure

2009: India said formal peace talks with Pakistan could not resume until those behind last year’s Mumbai attacks were brought to justice

2010: Sri Lankan police have filed a new case against Sarath Fonseka, the former army chief and defeated presidential candidate, for allegedly employing military deserters, according to his political party

2010: The Bangladeshi government has ordered mosques and libraries across the country to remove all books written by a controversial Islamic scholar, Syed Abul Ala Maududi who encouraged « militancy and terrorism ». Mr Maududi – who died in 1979 – is the founder of the Jamaat-e-Islami party

2011: U.S. President Barack Obama stress the importance of protecting the human rights of Tibetans in a meeting at the White House with the Dalai Lama


On 15 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 15, 2017

1893: Birth of Nurul Amin, a prominent Bengali leader of Pakistan’s Muslim League, Chief Minister of East-Pakistan, Prime Minister and vice-president of Pakistan who died on October 2, 1974

1903: Birth of Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician, who died on October 20, 1975

1905: Birth of Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, Prime Minister of Pakistan from August 1955 to September 1956, who died on December 2, 1980

1913: Birth of Noor Muhammad Taraki, Afghanistan Prime Minister (1978-1979)

1914: Birth of  Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries who died on October 9 1999

1917: Birth of Nur Muhammad Taraki, Afghan president killed on September 14, 1979

1935: Birth of Thilakan, Indian actor, who died on September 24, 2012

1942: The first supply flight from India to China over the «hump» was carried to help China’s war effort

1963: Death of Muhammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan PM (1953-1955), born on August 12, 1909

1979: Morarji Desai resigns as Indian Prime Minister

1993: First meeting between Nepalese Home minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and his Bhutanese counterpart  Dago Tshring on the refugees question

2001: In Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina resigns as prime minister

2002: Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl

2002: US citizen John Walker Lindh pleads guilty supplying services to Afghanistan’s former Taliban government and for carrying explosives

2009: The foreign secretaries of India and Pakistan  meet on the sidelines of a summit in Egypt to discuss terrorism

2010: India’s foreign minister arrives in the Pakistani capital Islamabad to hold talks with his counterpart and resume a tentative cross-border dialogue that was derailed by the 2008 Mumbai attacks–98494764.html

2011: The first batch of departing U.S. soldiers left Afghanistan this week, beginning a drawdown of 10,000 American troops scheduled to leave by year’s end

2012: Former Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed is charged with illegally ordering the arrest of a senior judge

2013: In Bangladesh, Deadly clashes erupt after Ghulam Azam, spiritual head of Jamaat-e-Islami, given 90 years over war of independence role

On 14 July in South Asian history


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Updated on July 14, 2017

1636 : Aurangzeb is appointed the Viceroy of Deccan by his father and Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

1893: Birth of Garimella Satyanarayana, Indian poet and Freedom fighter who died on December 18, 1952

1920: Birth of Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician who died on February 26,  2004

1943: Birth of Rohana Wijeweera, founder of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) or People’s Liberation Front, in Sri Lanka, killed on 13 November 1989

1963: Death of Indian religious leader Swami Shivanand Saraswati, born on September 8, 1887

1975: Death of Madan Mohan, Indian Bollywood film director, born on July 25, 1924

2001: First day of a three-day summit in Agra between Indian premier Vajpayee and Pakistani president Musharraf

2001: In Nepal, after the kidnapping of 71 policemen, the Nepali army is send for the first against the communist rebellion. 160 guerrillas are killed