Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 26 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 26, 2017

1887: Birth of Sir Benegal Narsing Rau co-founder of the constitution and a time Indian president of UN Security Council (1950) who died on November 30, 1953

1908: Birth of Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer, who died on April 5, 2007

1966: Death of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter and writer, born in May 1883

1984: Birth of  Veena Malik, Pakistani actress

1993: World Trade Center bombing terrorises New York

2004: Death of Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician born on July 14, 1920

2007: Nepal government decides to confiscate and nationalize king Gyanendra assets

 Gyanendra 2001 

On 25 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 25, 2017

1682: Death of Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, 5th Dalai Lama, born in 1617

1877: Birth of Jung Bahadur Rana, Nepalese Prime Minister and de facto ruler of Nepal, born on June 18, 1816

1894: Birth of Meher Baba, Indian guru who died on January 31, 1969

1910: The 13th Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso flees Tibet from Chinese troop to British-Indies

1948: Birth of Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor

1962: India Congress Party wins elections for the third time

1968: Sonia Maino marries Rajiv Gandhi

1974: Birth of Divya Bharti, Indian actress, who died on April 5, 1993

1981: Birth of Shahid Kapoor, Indian actor

2008: Death of  Hans Raj Khanna, Judge of the Supreme Court of India, born on July 3, 1912

2009: A mutiny by paramilitary border security forces erupts in a daylong gunbattle in Dakha,posing the biggest test yet to a newly elected government trying to reestablish civilian control after two years of army-backed emergency rule

2010: India and Pakistan conclude their first direct talks in over a year, agreeing to « stay in touch » but making little progress on a number of sticking points

2012: NATO pulled all its staff out of Afghan government ministries after two US military advisors were shot dead in the interior ministry, as anti-US protests raged for a fifth day

2014: Sri Lanka rejects a call by U.N. human rights chief Navi Pillay for an international inquiry into alleged war crimes committed during the country’s civil war, saying it reflects a “preconceived, politicized and prejudicial agenda” against the island nation.

On 24 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 24, 2017

1568: Akbar orders the massacre of 30,000 plus unarmed captive Hindu peasants after the fall of Chitod

1739: In the Battle of Karnal, the Iranian army defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah

1786: Charles Cornwallis is appointed governor-general of India

1822: The 1st Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad is inaugurated,_Ahmedabad

1924 : Mahatma Gandhi is released from jail

1939 : Birth of Joy Mukherjee, Indian actor and director, who died on May 9, 2012

1942 : Birth of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Indian theorist and philosopher

1948: Birth of Jayaram Jayalalithaa, Indian politician of Tamil Nadu who died on December 5, 2016

1967: Death of Mir Osman Ali Khan, last nizam (ruler) of Hyderabad (1911-1948), born in April 1886

1971: The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, is killed 3 days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar is appointed as the new chairman

1975: King Birendra of Nepal coronation ceremony held in Kathmandu

1975-02-24 Birendra coronation

1989: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie

2009: Sri Lankan soldiers enter the last rebel-held town in the country’s north, Puthukudiyiruppu

2011: Death of Anant Pai, Indian educationalist and creator of comics, born on September 17, 1929

2013: Afghan President Hamid Karzai orders all U.S. Special Forces to leave a strategically important province in two weeks, alleging that they have been involved in the torture and murder of “innocent people.”

2014: Top Pakistan Taliban commander Asmatullah Shaheen ‘shot dead’. He was ambushed as he drove through a village near Miranshah in North Waziristan

2015: India’s ruling Hindu nationalist party will for the first time govern the country’s only Muslim-majority state of Kashmir under a power-sharing deal with another party

On 23 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 23, 2017

1568: Almost four months after the siege of Chitod Fortress (Rajasthan) , a musket shot fired from the Mughal army of Akbar kills Jai Mal, the leader of the Rajputs. The fort will surrender the following day

1768: In India, by the treaty of Masulipatam agreement, Hyderabad submits to British control

1969: Death of Madhubala, Indian actress, from illness, born on February 14, 1933

1982: Birth of Karan Singh Grover, Indian actor

1983: Birth of Aziz Ansari, Indian American comedian

2004: Death of Vijay Anand, Indian film director, born on January 22, 1034

2004: Death of Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (India), born on August 24, 1918

2010: Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court refuses to order the release of detained opposition leader and former army chief Sarath Fonseka

2011 : Death of Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader who founded Sahaja Yoga

2013: Death of Lotika Sarkar, Indian feminist lawyer and academic, born on January 4, 1923

On 22 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 22, 2017

1836 : Birth of Mahesh Chandra, Indian scholar and reformer, who died on April 12, 1906

1906: Birth of Humayun Kabir, Indian poet, educationist and politician, who died on August 18, 1969

Humayun Kabir

1940: Five-year old Tenzin Gyatso is enthroned as the 14h Dalai Lama in Lhasa, Tibet–Dalai-Lama.htm

1944: Death of Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi, born in April 1869

1958: Death of Abul Kalam Azad, Indian independence movement leader, born on November 11, 1888

1974: Pakistan and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) recognize the independence of Bangladesh

1980: Afghanistan declares martial law

1982: Death of Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan, born on December 5, 1898

2002: Unlimited ceasefire between Sri-Lankan government and Tamil separatists with the help of Norway

2006: At Geneva, resumption for the first time in three years of the negotiation between Sri Lankan government and Tamil LTTE

2011: An Indian court has found 31 people guilty of the 2002 Godhra train burning, which killed 59 Hindu pilgrims and sparked religious violence that left 2,000 people dead

2012: Death of Sukhbir, Indian author and poet, born on July 9, 1925

2015: Police in the Maldives arrest opposition leader and ex-President Mohamed Nasheed on terror charges

On 21 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 21, 2017

1849: In India, the British defeat the Sikhs at Gujrat

1878: Birth of The Mother (Mirra Alfassa), Indian spiritual leader who died on November 17, 1973


1896: Birth of Suryakant Tripathi, Indian Poet, who died on October 15, 1961

1950: Bloody riots in West Bengal (India)

1952: Nehru’s Congress party wins general election in India’s-first-general-election-in-1952

1952: In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) police opens fire on a procession of students demanding the establishment of Bengali as the official language, killing four peoples and starting a country-wide protest which led to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national language of Pakistan

1980: Birth of Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, 5th king of Bhutan since December 2006

1991: Death of Nutan Behl, Indian actress, born on June 4, 1936

1999: India’s Prime Minister Atal Bihair Vajpayee concluded two days of meeting with Pakistan’s Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif. Declaration of Lahore

2013: Twin bomb blasts kill 17 people in Hyderabad


Holidays and observances

Bangladesh: Language Movement Day

On 20 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 20, 2017

1707: Death of Aurangzeb, Mogul emperor of India, born in 1618

1913: Coronation of Nepal king Tribhuvan

1919: Murder of Habib Ullah Khan, emir of Afghanistan (1901-1919), at 46

1945: Birth of Annu Kapoor, Indian actor

1947: Lord Mountbatten becomes Viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence

1947-02-20 mountbatten_installation_as_viceroy

1983: Hundreds die in Assam poll violence

1987: Anurachal Pradesh (former NEFA), disputed with China, gets the status of state of India

1988: Birth of Jiah Khan, Indian actress

2003: Death of Mushaf Ali Mir, Pakistani Chief of the Air Staff, in an air crash, born on March 5,1947×59589

2007: Zilla Huma Usman, a milister and an activist for women emancipation in Pakistan is assassinated. She was born on September 16, 1971

2009: Two Tamil Tiger planes bomb the Sri Lankan capital, but one of them is shot down as it flew back towards the country’s north

2010: Death of Basavaraju Venkata Padmanabha Rao, Indian actor, born August 20, 1931

2012: Death of S. N. Lakshmi, Indian actress, born in 1927

2013: Saudi Arabia recalls its ambassador from Colombo in a tit-for-tat decision amid tensions after a Sri Lankan nanny convicted of murder was beheaded in the kingdom, the official SPA news agency reported.

2014: Death of Reghu Kumar, Indian composer, born on July 13, 1953

2014: India’s top court blocks the release of three of former premier Rajiv Gandhi’s killers after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh denounced their freeing as against all principles of justice

2015: Death of Govind Pansare, Indian author and communist activist, four days after a gun attack, born in 1933

On 19 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 19, 2017

1630: Birth of Shivaji Bhosle, founder of the Maratha Empire (India) in 1674 and died on April 3, 1680

1915: Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, leader of the Indian Independence Movement, born on 9 May 1866

1930: Birth of K Viswanath, South Indian film director


1938: Birth of Choekyi Gyaltsen, 10th Panchen Lama, who died on January 28, 1989,_10th_Panchen_Lama

1949: Mass arrest of Communists in India

1951: Birth of Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakistani Islamic scholar

1964: Birth of Sonu Walia, Indian actress

 1986: Akkaraipattu massacre, massacre of 80 Tamil farm workers by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern province of Sri Lanka

1994: Phoolan Devi, popularly named the « Bandit Queen », is released from an Indian jail

1999: Indian PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee inaugurate the Delhi-Lahore bus line going to an historic summit with his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif


2013: Nepal’s major political parties agree to form an interim government led by a supreme court chief justice, and to hold elections in June, in an attempt to end the deadlock that has left the nation without a fully functioning government since last year

2013: Death, in a car accident, of Park Chul-soo, South Korean director, screenwriter, and producer, born on November 20, 1948

2013: Prominent Pakistani Taliban commander Maulvi Faqir Mohammad has been arrested in eastern Afghanistan

2014: The chief minister of Tamil Nadu orders the release of all seven people jailed for plotting the assassination of former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi


Holidays and observances

Birthday of Shivaji or Shivaji Jayanti (Maharashtra)

On 18 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 18, 2017

3102 BC: Origin of the Kali Era (India)

1294: Death of Khubilai Khan, founder of the Chinese Yuan dynasty, born on September, 23 1215

1405: Death of Tamerlane (Timur), Mongol emperor, born on April 8, 1336


1486: Birth of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint and bhakti yoga developer

1815: The king Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe of Kandyan kingdom (Ceylon) is captured by the British

1836: Birth of Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda  who died on August 16, 1886

1883: Birth of Madan Lal Dhingra, Indian Revolutionary who died on August 17, 1909

1894: Birth of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, Indian independence activist then minister who died on October 24, 1954–Vlqz3dynlHZ9Q&sig2=FWMifQsvSP2BrULhRE5Iog

Rafi Ahmed Kidwai

1911: The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away

1926: Birth of Nalini Jaywant, Indian actress

1927 : Birth ofnKhayyam, Indian music composer

1946: Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in Mumbai harbour, from where it would spread throughout British India and involve 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors

1951: Nepal king Tribhuvan, in exile from one year, comes back to his country as a constitutional king

1959: For the first time in Tibet history, legislative elections are organized

1979: President Zia ur-Rahmans National Party wins elections in Bangladesh,_1979

2007: Attack on the Samjhanta Express (Train of the Friendship) between Pakistan and India causing 67 people dead

2008: First free elections since Musharraf took power, won by Bhutto family party, the PPP

2010: Obama meets with Dalai Lama despite Chinese objections


Holidays and observances

Nepal: National Democracy Day (The 1951 overthrow of the Rana dynasty)

On 17 February in South Asian history


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Updated on February 17, 2017

1702: Birth of Muhammad Shah, the last Mughal emperor (1719-1748) who died on April 26, 1748

1843: Engagement between a British force of about 2,800 troops under Sir Charles Napier and a host of more than 20,000 followers of the amirs (chiefs) of Sindh ending in a British victory and the annexation of most of Sindh

1883: After hunger strile, death of Vasudev Balwant Phadke, Indian revolutionary, father of the armed struggle for independence, born on November 14, 1845

vasudev balwant phadke

1899: Birth of Jibanananda Das, Bangladeshi-Indian poet and author who died on October 22, 1954

1931: First talks between Mahatma Gandhi and viceroy of British India, Lord E.W. Irving

1984: Birth of Sadha, South Indian film actress

1986: Death of Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher , born on May 11, 1895

1997: After a huge victory, Nawaz Sharif comes back for the second time as Pakistan’s Prime Minister

2002: The Nepali communist guerilla launches its largest scale offensive since  the beginning of the insurrection in 1996. 137 are killed

2010: The European Union has decided to suspend Sri Lanka’s preferential trade benefits because of concerns over the country’s human rights record

2013: Death of Manoranjan Das, Indian playwright, born March 11, 1923

Manoranjan Das

2014: The United Nations’ human rights chief has called for an international war crimes investigation into alleged atrocities carried out in the final stages of the Sri Lankan civil war, according to reports

2014: Death of R. K. Srikantan, Indian singer, born on January 14, 1920,-last-link-to-a-golden-age-of-Carnatic-music,-dies-at-94

2014: A Pakistan Taliban faction announced the execution of 23 soldiers on Monday, dealing a fresh blow to already dwindling hopes that peace talks might end years of violence

2015: India’s Hindu nationalist Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tuesday promised a crackdown on religious violence and freedom of worship for all faiths after a series of attacks on churches

2016: A Maldives court convicts opposition leader Sheikh Imran Abdulla of terrorism and sentenced him to 12 years in jail