Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 19 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 19, 2019

1595: Birth of Guru Hargobind- 6th sikh guru who died on March 2, 1644

1747: Nader Shah, Persian Emperor is assassinated

1947: Birth of Salman Rushdie, Indian author of the controversial “Satanic Verses”

1949: Death of Syed Zafarul Hasan, prominent Muslim Indian-Pakistani philosopher, born in February 1885

1966 : The Shiv Sena, a Hindu nationalist political organisation, is founded by Balasaheb Thackeray

1970: Birth of Rahul Gandhi, Indian politician

1972: Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, former Chief Minister of Kashmir and known as the Lion of Kashmir returns after 16 months in exile for advocating a plebiscite on the future of Kashmir

1981: Apple, India’s first three-axis stabilized experimental Geostationary communication satellite, is launched by the Indian Space Research Organization

Apple satellite

1985: Birth of Kajal Aggarwal, Indian actress

2008: Death of Barun Sengupta, Bengali journalist, born on January23, 1934

2009: The Pakistani Armed Forces open Operation Rah-e-Nijat against the Taliban and other Islamist rebels in the South Waziristan area of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas

2012: Pakistan’s top court disqualifies Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani from holding office, two months after convicting him of contempt of court.

2012: Speaking at the University of Westminster, the Dalai Lama calls for « realistic » expectations on Tibet’s future, reasserting his belief that « complete independence is out of the question »

On 17 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 17, 2019

1631: Death of Arjumand Banu Begum, for who her husband Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal mausoleum

1756: Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah attacks the British settlement of Calcutta with 50,000 soldiers

1858: In the battle for Gwalior, Rani Lakshmibai, queen of Jhansi (northern India) is killed. One of the leading figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Born in 1828

1965:  Death of Indian actor Motilal, born on December 4, 1910

1989 : In a joint communiqué, India and Pakistan announce that they decide to end the five-year-old confrontation in Siachen Glacier area by withdrawing and redeploying their forces.

1993: Gulbuddin Hekmatyar becomes Afghan premier till June 1994

2016: An Indian court jails 11 Hindus for life for the murder of dozens of Muslims during riots in Gujarat in 2002 that shook India at a time Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the state’s chief minister


On 16 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 16, 2019

1858: Battle of Morar, during the anti-British Indian mutiny

1925: Death of Chittaranjan Das, Indian patriot and freedom fighter, born on November 5, 1870

1934: Birth of Kumari Kamala, Indian dancer and actress

1941: Birth of Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistani journalist

1950: Birth of Mithun Chakraborty, Indian actor

1970: Birth of Younus AlGohar, Pakistani poet, academic, and humanitarian, co-founded Messiah Foundation International

1994: Birth of Aarya Ambekar, Indian Marathi singer

2006: In Sri Lanka, after an attack on a bus that caused 69 killed, new war between government troops and the Tamil Tigers

2009: The leaders of India and Pakistan meet for the first time since last November’s Mumbai (Bombay) attacks

2010: Bhutan becomes the first country to institute a total ban on tobacco

2011: The general command of al-Qaeda announces the appointment of Sheikh Ayman al-Zawahiri as head of the group.

2013: Death of Khondakar Ashraf Hossain, Bangladesh poet and academic, born on January 4, 1950

On 15 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 15, 2019

1659: Coronation of Mughol emperor Aurangzeb at Red Fort, Delhi

1927: Birth of Ibn-e-Insha, Pakistani humorist and Urdu poet, who died on January 11, 1978

1937: Birth of Anna Hazare, Indian activist

1947: The All-Indian Congress accepts a British plan for the partition of India

1972: In Uttar Pradesh (India), twenty-four people are killed in Hindu/Muslim clashes sparked by the implementation of an equal education law that requires Muslim schools to open admissions to all students, regardless of religious affiliation

1981: USA announces a total aid of  3 billion USD in six years to Islamabad

1983: Death of Srirangam Srinivasarao, Indian poet

1991: In India, Congress Party wins the 10th general elections which started on May 20. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister sworn in on June 21,_1991

2011: Pakistan has arrested five Pakistani CIA informants for helping the US agency kill Osama bin Laden earlier this year, according to The New York Times

2013: Death of Manivannan, Indian actor and director, born on July 31, 1954

2014: Pakistan launches a « comprehensive operation » against armed groups northwestern tribal region bordering Afghanistan, after killing scores of fighters in air raids

2014 : Death of Sardar Fazlul Karim, Bangladeshi philosopher and academic, born on May 1, 1925

2016: Barack Obama angers China by meeting Dalai Lama at White House

On 14 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 14, 2019

1444: Birth of Nilakantha Somayaji, Indian mathematician, who died in 1544

1920 : Birth of Bharat Bhushan, a Hindi film actor known for his sensitive portrayals of musicians and poets in several films of the 1950s and 1960s, who died on January 27, 1992

1971: Birth of Pritam Chakraborty, Indian music director and composer


1979: Death of Ahmad Zahir, Afghan singer and composer, born on June 13, 1946

2004: The Workers Party of Bangladesh is split, as Khandaker Ali Abbas leaves to form a new party

2008: In Afghanistan, Taliban attack Kandahar prison, freeing 350 of their militants

2011: India signs its biggest defence deal with the USA to procure ten C-17 heavy-lift aircraft for US$ 4.1 billion under which American defence major Boeing will set up test facilities for hi-tech aeronautics engines for the Defence Research and Development Organistaion (DRDO)

2012: Death of Kaka Radhakrishnan, Indian actor, born in 1926

2014: Voting in the second round of Afghanistan’s presidential election has ended with millions turning out to cast their ballots braving fresh attacks that left at least 14 people dead and 41 others injured


On 13 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 13, 2019

2002: In Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai is elected chairman of the Loya Jirga

2002: In Nepal, Defense minister says that security forces killed 500 Maoist rebels

2003: Death of Malik Meraj Khalid, former caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (November 1996-February 1997)

2010: Pakistani officials reject allegations that their country’s powerful intelligence agency still supports the Taliban and other Afghan insurgents after a paper from a Harvard academic accused the agency of continued links to the rebels

2012: Ustad Mehdi Hassan, Pakistan’s legendary classical singer who captivated millions of music fans across South Asia, has died. He was 84.


On 12 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 12, 2019

1929: Birth of Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani scholar, writer, and Urdu linguist

Jameel Jalibi

1932: Birth of Padmini, Indian actress who died in 2006

1967: Tension between New Delhi and Beijing: Indian diplomats are accused of spying by China

1975: Indian premier Indira Gandhi is found guilty of corruption and barred from holding office for six years

1976: Death of Gopinath Kaviraj, Indian philosopher and scholar, born on September 7, 1887

Gopinath Kaviraj

 1991: Massacre of 152 minority Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the village Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka

1996: In Bangladesh polls, BNP loses to Sheikh Hasina’s Awami League but emerges as the largest opposition party in the country’s parliamentary history with 116 seats,_June_1996

On 11 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 11, 2019

758: Ablasid Arabs and Uygur Turks arrive at Chang’an, the Tang dynasty capital in order to offer tribute to the imperial court

1897: Birth of Ram Prasad Bismil, Indian activist and poet, one founder of Hindustan Republican Association who died on December 19, 1927

1937 : Birth of Ganesh Pyne, Indian artist, who died on March 12, 2013

1947: Birth of Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician

1949: Choekyi Gyaltsen enthroned 10th panchen lama,_10th_Panchen_Lama

1956: Start of Gal Oya riots, the first reported ethnic riots that targeted minority Sri Lankan Tamils in the Eastern Province. The total number of deaths is reportedly 150

1962: Death of Chhabi Biswas, Indian actor, born on July 12, 1900

1978: Altaf Hussain founds the students’ political movement All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organisation (APMSO) in Karachi University

1981: Ministerial reshuffle in Aghanistan. Babrak Karmal quits as premier minister, a position he had while chairman of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) in favor of sultan Ali Keshtmand

1998: Pakistan announces a moratorium on nuclear testing and offers to talk with India over disputed Kashmir

2012: Indian and Pakistani defence officials hold a fresh round of talks seeking to end decades of dispute over the Siachen Glacier, dubbed the world’s highest battlefield.

2014: Death of Mipham Chokyi Lodro, Tibetan buddhist shamarpa and educator, born on October 27, 1952

On 10 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 10, 2019

1960: Birth of Balakrishna Nandamuri, Indian actor

2007: Afghanistan president Hamid Karzai escapes a murder attempt

2008: War in Afghanistan: An airstrike by the United States results in the deaths of eleven paramilitary troops of the Pakistan Army Frontier Corps and eight Taliban fighters in Pakistan’s tribal areas

2014: Death of Keshav Malik, Indian poet and critic, born on November 5, 1924

2015 : Indian parachute commandos in helicopters cross over the border into Myanmar to strike separatist bases in retaliation against an ambush in Manipur state last week that left 18 Indian soldiers dead, officials said

On 9 June in South Asian history


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Updated on June 9, 2019

1716: Banda Bahadur, Sikh military commander is executed

1752: French army surrenders to the British in Trichinopoly India

1863: Death of Dost Mohammad Khan, Ruler of Afghanistan since 1826

1900: Birsa Munda, an important figure in the Indian independence movement, dies in a British prison under mysterious circumstances. Born on November 15, 1875

1952: Signature of a peace treaty between India and Japan

1963: In India, Lal Bahadur Shastri becomes prime minister

1971: Abdul Zahir replaces Noor Ahmad Etemadi as premier of Afghanistan

1976: Birth of Amisha Patel, Indian actress

1981: Birth of Anoushka Shankar, famous sitarist and daughter of Ravi Shankar

1984: Birth of Aruni Kashyap, Indian poet

1985: Birth of Sonam Kapoor, Indian actress

2011: Death of MF Hussain, an artist who rose to become India’s most sought-after painter before going into self-imposed exile during an uproar over nude images of Hindu icons

MF Husain

2017: Asian rivals India and Pakistan formally join the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, a security bloc spearheaded by China and Russia, despite bilateral tensions bubbling over Kashmir