Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 27 May in South Asian history

1964-05-27 Death of Nehru


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Updated on May 27, 2017

1908: Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din is elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

1919: Death of Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian activist, born on April 16, 1848

1951: Chinese communist force the Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing

1964: Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru dies in office

1964-05-27 Death of Nehru

1970: In Ceylon, Sirimavo Bandaranaïke, leading a leftist coalition, comes back to power,_1970

1970-05-27 S B PM
2006: Death of Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor born on February 13, 1944

2012: Two young Tibetan monks set themselves on fire in Lhasa Sunday in protest against Chinese rule—the first self-immolations reported in the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region

2013 : Death of Jagjit Singh Lyallpuri, Indian politician, last of the founding members of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)

On 26 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 26, 2017

1879: Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state

1908: Death of Mirza Gulam Ahmad, Indian Muslim figure, founder of the Amadiyya Movement, born on February 13, 1835

1942: Birth of Ganapathi Sachchidananda, Indian spiritual leader

1945: Birth of Vilasrao Deshmukh, Indian politician

1961: Birth of Tarsem Singh, Indian film director

1971: The Pakistan Army massacres at least 71 Hindus in Burunga, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

1999: For the first time since 20 years, Indian air force intervene in Kargill area of Kashmir where Indian military positions have been occupied by rebels supported by Pakistani soldiers

2009: Pakistan’s Supreme Court overturns a ban that prevented opposition leader Nawaz Sharif and his brother Shahbaz from running for political office

2011: Death of Arisen Ahubudu, Sri Lankan scholar, author, and playwright, born on March 18, 1920

2014: Narendra Modi takes the oath of office as 15th India’s prime minister at the start of a new era hailed by his Pakistani counterpart as an opportunity to end decades of regional instability

On 25 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 25, 2017

1458: Mahmud Begada becomes Sultan of Gujarat up to his death on November 23 1511

1886: Birth of Rash Behari Bose, Indian leader against the British Raj, who died in exile on January 21, 1945

1899: Birth of Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher who died on August 29, 1976

1941: 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India 

1954: Birth of Murali, Indian actor, who died on August 6, 2009

1965: India and Pakistan borders fights

1972: Birth of Karan Johar, Indian director, producer, writer, and actor

1983: Birth of Kunal Khemu, Indian actor

1985: Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge which kills approximately 10,000 people

2005: Death of Sunil Dutt, Indian actor and politician, born on June 6, 1930

2005: Death of Ismail Merchant, Indian born film producer, born on December 25, 1936

2013: Indian Maoists killed 32 Congress leaders in Chhattisgarh

2013: Death of T. M. Soundararajan, Indian singer, born on March 24, 1922

2016: In a statement issued by the Taliban, the group confirms the death of Mullah Mansour and added that Taliban’s Shura has selected Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada as their new leader


On 24 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 24, 2017

1931: In India, Sister Teresa took her initial vows as a nun

1985: A cyclone devastates Bangladesh causing at least 10,000 dead and  250,000 homeless

2000: Death of Majrooh Sultanpuri, Indian poet and lyricist, born in 1919


2001: 15-year-old Sherpa Temba Tsheri becomes the youngest person to climb to the to of Mount Everest

Temba Tsheri Sherpa

2009: Sri Lanka’s Tamil Tiger rebels have admitted for the first time that their leader Velupillai Prabhakaran is dead

2010: Death of Tapen Chatterjee, Bengali actor from India, born in 1937

Tapen Chatterjee

2012: More than 120 schoolgirls and three teachers are poisoned by the Taliban who are opposed to education of women and girls, using an unidentified toxic powder to contaminate the air in classrooms

2012: The US cut $33 million from the aid it sends Pakistan over the jailing of the doctor who helped the CIA hunt for Osama bin Laden, in a fresh blow to the battered relations between the two states.

On 23 May in South Asian history

1951-05-23 Signature 17 points


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Updated on May 23, 2017

1370: Death of Toghon Temür, last Khagan of the Mongol Empire, born on May 25, 1320

1638: Kandyan treaty between the Dutch and the king of Kandy

1919: Birth of Gayatri Devi Indian politician, who died on July 29, 2009

1942: Birth of K. Raghavendra Rao, Indian film director

1945: Birth of Padmarajan, Indian film director, who died on 24 January 1991

1951: Signature of the 17 points agreement imposed by Beijing to Tibetan Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama which recognize Chine sovereignty on Tibet

1951-05-23 Signature 17 points

2001: « Private » meeting between US president George Bush and the Dalai Lama at the White House

2009: Madhav Kumar Nepal, former general secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) is elected the new Prime Minister of Nepal

2011: Pakistani security forces clear a major Pakistani naval base of heavily armed insurgents after a 17-hour gun battle, finally quashing a coordinated attack that destroyed two American-made aircraft and left at least 12 security officers dead

2012: A Pakistani doctor who helped the CIA find Osama Bin Laden is jailed for at least 30 years

2014: Death of Anand Modak, Indian composer, born on May 13, 1951

2016: India successfully launches the first technology demonstrator of indigenously made Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV), capable of launching satellites into orbit around earth and reentering the atmosphere, from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh

On 22 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 22, 2017

1408: Birth of Annamacharya, Hindu saint who died on February 14, 1503

1545 : Death of Sher Shah Suri, founder of the short lived Suri Dynasty in India, born in 1486

1772: Birth of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer who died on 27 September 1833

1948: Birth of Nedumudi Venu, Indian actor and screenwriter


1958: Start of Sri Lankan riots of 1958 (end on May 27), this riot was a watershed event in the race relationship of the various ethnic communities of Sri Lanka. The total number of deaths is estimated to be 300, mostly Sri Lankan Tamils

1972: Ceylon adopts a new constitution becoming a republic, changes its name for Sri Lanka and joins the Commonwealth of Nations

1973: Birth of Madhureeta Anand, Indian director, producer, screenwriter

1987: Hashimpura massacre in Meerut city of India

1991: Death of Shripad Amrit Dange, Indian politician, a founding member of the Communist Party of India (CPI) and a stalwart of Indian trade union movement, born on October 10, 1899

2004: In India, Manmohan Singh forms his cabinet after Sonia Gandhi renounced to be Prime Minister

2009: India’s new government, with Manmohan Singh as prime minister, takes the oath of office in the capital, Delhi. Mr Singh is taking charge for a second time, only the second PM after Jawaharlal Nehru to be returned to power following a full five-year term

2012: Muzafar Bhutto, Pakistani missing general secretary of J.S.M.M is found dead, born on August 23, 1970

2016: Taliban supremo Mullah Akhtar Mansour was killed in a US drone attack in Pakistan, senior militant sources told, adding that an insurgent assembly was underway to decide on his successor


Holidays and observances

Sri Lanka: Republic Day

On 21 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 21, 2017

1951: China and Pakistan established diplomatic relations

1959: Birth of Abdulla Yameen, Maldivian politician, 6th and current President of the Maldives

1960: Birth of Mohanlal, Indian actor

1990: Moelvi Mohammed Farouk, Indian spiritual leader, is murdered

1991: Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by a female LTTE suicide bomber near Madras

2012: Sarath Fonseka, Sri Lanka’s former army chief, is released from prison after President Mahinda Rajapaksa granted him a pardon to coincide with the third anniversary of the government’s victory over Tamil separatists.

On 20 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 20, 2017

1498: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India

1498-05-20 Vasco de Gama Calicut

1894: Birth of Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, who died on January 8, 1994

1900: Birth of Sumitranandan Pant, Indian poet who died on December 28, 1977

Sumitranandan Pant (1900-1977)

1939: Birth of Balu Mahendra, Sri Lankan-Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter who died on February 13, 2014

1967: Birth of Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist

1982: In the Afghanistan war, first exchange of prisoners closed of the Pakistani border

1983: Birth of Jr. NTR, Indian film actor

1992: India launches its first satellite independently

2006: In Dhaka, a series of massive wildcat strikes begin, involving nearly 1.8 million garment workers in Bangladesh

2008: India and Pakistan resume talks

2009: Sri Lanka celebrates victory over the Tamil Tigers with a national holiday as the army hunt down fugitive rebels

On 19 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 19, 2017

1904: Death of Jamsetji Tata, Indian industrialist, born in March 1839

1908: Birth of Manik Bandopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist who died on December 3, 1956

1910: Birth of Nathuram Godse, Indian assassin of Mahatma Gandhi, executed on November 15, 1949

1913: Birth of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, Indian politician, 6th President of India who died on June 1, 1996

1926: Birth of Swami Kriyananda, Indian teacher and author

1934: Birth of Ruskin Bond, Indian author

1938: Birth of Girish Karnad, Indian actor, director, screenwriter, and playwright

1961: At Silchar Railway Station, Assam (India), 11 Bengalis die when police open fire on protesters demanding state recognition of Bengali language in the Bengali Language Movement

1964: Birth of Murali, Indian actor who died on September 8, 2010

2008: Death of Vijay Tendulkar, Indian playwright, born on January 7, 1928

On 18 May in South Asian history


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Updated on May 18, 2017

1912: The first Indian film, Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne is released in Mumbai

1913: Birth of Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, 6th president on India (1977-1982) who died on 1st June 1996

1933: Birth of Deve Gowda, Indian prime minister from June 1, 1996 to April 21, 1997

1974: India detonates its first nuclear weapon

2006: In Nepal, the parliament, which has been restore, passes a law curtailing the power of the monarchy, making Nepal a secular country

2009: The leader of the Tamil Tiger rebels, Velupillai Prabhakaran, is dead, the Sri Lankan military has said. May 18 will be proclaimed « Victory Day »

2012: Death of Jai Gurudev, Indian religious leader, born in 1895

Holidays and observances

Sri Lanka: Victory Day