Category Archives: On this day in South Asian history

On 24 November in South Asian history


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Updated on November 24, 2017

1675: Death of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Indian religious leader, 9th Guru of Sikhs, born on April 18, 1621

1877: Birth of Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian CID Commissioner of Police who died March 28, 1941

1941: During the Operation Crusader, 7th Indian infantry brigade repulse German tanks attack at Sidi Omar (Libya)

1961: Birth of Arundhati Roy, Indian leftist writer, born on November 24, 1961

2001: Taliban soldiers surrender their last stronghold in northern Afghanistan, the city of Kunduz

2008: After having dismissed seven petitions, the Pakistan’s Supreme Court validates the 6 October election of General Musharraf as president




On 23 November in South Asian history



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Updated on November 23, 2017

1897: Birth of Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer, who died on August 1, 1999

1926: Birth of Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher, who died on April 24, 2011

1930: Birth of Geeta Dutt, Indian singer and actress who died on July 20, 1972

1937: Death of Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist, born on November 30, 1858

1971: State of emergency is proclaimed in Pakistan as Indian tanks entered East Pakistan. Start of the Battle of Hilli or the Battle of Bogra which was a major battle fought in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation War. It took place between 23 November 1971 and 11 December


1983: Death of Waheed Murad, Pakistani actor, born on October 2, 1938

1984: Birth of  Amruta Khanvilkar, Indian actress

1994: About 111  people, mostly women and children, are killed in a stampede after Indian police  baton-charged tribal protesters in the western city of Nagpur

2008: Pakistan is  suspended from the Commonwealth because of its imposition of emergency rule

2015: Death of Jamiluddin Aali, Pakistani poet, playwright, and critic, born on January 20, 1925

On 22 November in South Asian history


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Updated on November 22, 2017

1848: During the Second Sikh War, battle of Ramnagar

1848-11-22 Battle of Ramnagar

1884: Birth of Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani biographer of Muhammad who died on November 22, 1953

1939: Birth of Mulayan Sigh Yadav, Indian politician who have been chief minister of Uttar Pradesh three times

1953: Death of Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani biographer of Muhammad,  born on November 22, 1884

1962: Birth of Rezauddin Stalin, Bangladeshi poet and TV personality

1971: India launches  full-scale attack on East Pakistan to help the Bangladeshi to get their independance

2001: Pakistan closes  the Afghan ambassy under Taleban control

2008: Death of Ibrahim Nasir, president of the Maldives (1968-1978),  born on September 2, 1926

On 21 November in South Asian history


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Updated on November 21, 2017

1878: During the  Second Afghan War, Battle of Ali Masjid, won by the British

1926: Birth of Prem Nath, Indian actor and director who died on November 3, 1992

1962: The Chinese People’s Liberation Army unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War becomes effective

1970: Death of Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian Nobel Prize in physics born in November 1888

1971: Battle of Atgram between Indian and Pakistani forces

1971: Indian troops, partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas), defeat the Pakistan army in the battle of Garibpur

1979: A mob, in the Pakistani capital Islamabad burns the US embassy to the ground of a five-hour attack in which a US is killed

1996: Death of Abdus Salam, Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate, born on January 29, 1926

2006: Historic Peace accord between Nepal’s Premier Girija Prasad Koirala and Prachanda,  head of the maoist guerrilla. The civil war caused more than 12,500 dead in ten years

2006: Hu Jintao is the first Chinese head of state to visit India 

2009: The Sri Lankan president, says the Tamil detainees, numbering about 136,000, will be free to return to their villages after December 1. He said the camps would be completely closed by January 31

2015 : Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojaheed of the Jammat-e-Islami party and Salauddin Quader Chowdhury of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) are executed for war crimes


Holidays and observances

Bangladesh: Armed Forces Day

On 20 November in South Asian history



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Updated on 20 November 2017

1750: Birth of Tipu (or Tippu) Sultan, Indian ruler who died on May 4, 1799

1903: Birth of Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist who died on January 21, 1981

1941: Birth of Haseena Moin, Pakistani television drama writer and Urdu  playwright

1962: In the war with  India, Beijing starts the withdrawal of Chinese forces


1971: Battle of Garibpur, one of the first engagements of between Indian  and Pakistani troops during the Bangladesh Liberation War prior to the initiation of hostillities on 3 December 1971

1976: Birth of Tusshar Kapoor, Indian actor

1980: For the 2nd  time, the General assembly of United Nations demands the withdraw of Soviet  Union from Afghanistan

1984: Death of Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet, born on February 13,  1911

1998: A  Taliban-controlled Afghanistan court declares that Osama Bin Laden is “a man  without a sin” in regard to US embassy bombing in Kenya and Tanzania

2011: The first trial of a suspect from Bangladesh’s 1971 war of independence begins, in a widely-criticised court process that the government says will finally bring traitors to justice

2011: Afghan President Hamid Karzai wins the endorsement of tribal elders and community leaders to negotiate a 10-year strategic partnership with the US.

2012: French combat troops in Afghanistan are preparing to come home as their mission officially ends.

2013: Pakistani schoolgirl and campaigner Malala Yousafzai, who was shot in the head by the Taliban, has received the EU’s Sakharov human rights prize at a ceremony in Strasbourg

Holidays and  observances

Pakistan: Children’s Day

On 19 November in South Asian history


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Updated on November 19, 2017

1828: Birth of Rani Lakshmi Bai, Indian queen who was killed on June 17, 1858

1858: Following the Sepoy’ revolt in India, the British East India Company is dissolved

1917: Birth of Indira Gandhi, Indian prime minister, assassinated on October 31, 1984                  

1922: Birth of Salil Chowdhury, Indian music composer, poet, writer, dramatist and filmmaker who died on September 5, 1995

1946: Afghanistan joins the United Nations

1951: Birth of Zeenat Aman, Indian actress and sex symbol

1962: Ending the sino-indian war, Zhou Enlai declares a unilateral ceasefire to start on midnight, 21 November

1975: Birth of Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress

2005: Mahinda Rajapaksa is sworn in as president of Sri Lanka, succeeding Chandrika Kumaratunga. Ratnasiri Wichramayake comes back as Prime Minister

2009: Hamid Karzai is sworn in as Afghanistan’s president for a second five-year term, pledging to tackle the « dangerous issue » of corruption

2013: Threats from poll-opposing parties, violence and bombs failed to dampen the people’s spirits as Nepal votes for the second Constituent Assembly

2013: Spain’s National Court issues arrest orders for former Chinese president Jiang Zemin and four other officials as part of a probe into alleged genocide by China against Tibet

2016: India has opposed a UN resolution calling for a moratorium on the death penalty, saying it goes against Indian law and the sovereign right of countries to determine their own laws and penalties

On 18 November in South Asian history


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 Updated on November 18, 2017

763: Under king Trisong Detsen, Tibetan take Chang’an (now Xi’an), the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty Daizong

1901: Birth of Rajaram Vankudre Shantaram, Indian film director, dead on October 30 1990

1936: Death of V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, Indian activist, lawyer, and politician, born on September 5, 1872

Chidambaram Pillai

1945: Birth of Mahinda Rajapakse, 6th president of Sri Lanka (2005-2015)

2003: The congress of  the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides to merge the  party into Kanu Sanyal’s CPI(ML)

2011: Sri Lankan high court has sentenced the former army chief, Sarath Fonseka, to three years in jail after finding him guilty of making a false allegation against the president’s brother

2014: Death of C. Rudhraiya, Indian director and producer, born in 1947


2014: Sri Lanka’s main party of Buddhist monks has announced it is leaving President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s government in protest over what they say is his refusal to curb powers and carry out demands for democratic reforms before fresh élections

On 17 November in South Asian history


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Updated on November 17, 2017

1869: The Suez Canal  is opened to traffic, offering direct sea link between Europe and Asia

1920: Birth of Gemini Ganesan, Indian film actor (Tamil Nadu) who died on March 22, 2005

1928: Death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author and leader in the fight  for freedom from Great Britain, known as “Lion of Punjab”

1950: Tenzin Gyatso,  the 14th Dalai Lama, is called upon to assume full political power (head of the  State and Government) after some 80,000 Peoples Liberation Army soldiers  entered Tibet

1971: Death of Debaki Bose, Indian actor, director and writer, born on November 25, 1898

1973: Death of Mirra Alfassa « The Mother », Indian spiritual leader, born on February 2, 1878

1988: Benazir Bhutto  is sworn in as the first woman leader of an Islamic country. She was elected in  the first democratic elections in Pakistan in 11 years

2001: The Taliban confirm the death of Osama bin Laden’s military chief  Mohammed Atef in an airstrike three days earlier

2003: Death of Surjit Bindrakhia, Punjabi artist, born on April 15, 1962

2005: Prime Minister  Mahinda Rajapakse, 60 ans, is elected the 5th president of Sri Lanka,_2005

2010: Signaling a new toughness in its dealings  with China, New Delhi tells Beijing it should be mindful of Indian  sensitivities over Jammu and Kashmir, in the same way that India has been towards  Chinese concerns on Tibet and Taiwan

2012: Hindu fundamentalist politician Bal Thackeray, the founder of the right-wing Shiv Sena party, dies in Mumbai at the age of 86.

2013: The Maldives inaugurates a new president, a day after his surprise victory. Yaamin Abdul Gayoom and his deputy, Mohamed Jameel are sworn.

2015: Ashok Singhal: Controversial Indian VHP leader dies

On 16 November in South Asian history


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Updated on November 16, 2017

1897: Birth of Choudhary Rahmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist who is  credited with creating the name « Pakistan »

1909: Birth of Mirza Nasir Ahmad, Indian-Pakistani 3rd Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community who died on June 9, 1982

1980: Death of Jayan,  Indian actor, born in 1938

1988: Benazir Bhutto,  daughter of former leader Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, wins the election and is charged  to form a government becoming first female head of government of Pakistan

1996: Mother Teresa  receives honorary US citizenship

1996-11-16 Soeur Teresa US citizen

2007: In Pakistan,  Muhammad Mian Soomro, president of the senate is sworn as caretaker Prime  Minister in charge to organize the general elections scheduled for the first  week of January 2008

2013: Abdulla Yameen wins Maldives presidential election run-off, beating favourite Mohamed Nasheed in a close-run contest

2015: India, China agree to deepen defence ties, maintain peace at LAC

On 15 November in South Asian history


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Updated on November 15, 2017

1706: Death of Tsangyang Gyatso, the 6th dalai lama, born in 1683

1899: Birth of Iskander Mirza, first president of Pakistan (March 1956-October 1958) who died on November 15, 1969

1947: Birth of Malcolm Ranjith, Sri Lankan cardinal

1949: Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi

1969: Death of Iskander Mirza (former president of Pakistan), born on November 15, 1899

1981: Death of Khawar Rizvi, Pakistani poet and scholar, born on June 1, 1938

1981: Abdus Sattar, acting head of state since May 30 is elected president of Bangladesh

1982 : Death of Vinoba Bhave, Indian Freedom fighter, born on September 11, 1895

1994: The Communist Party of Nepal wins the elections

2000: Jharkhand state comes into existence in India.

2006: Pakistan parliament adopts a new law. The raped women are no more forced to have four men testimonies. Adultery is reduced from death by stoning to five years in jail. Islamists boycott the vote

2007: A devastating Cyclone named Sidr hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5000 people and destroys the world’s largest mangrove forest, Sundarbans

2008: Sri Lanka military says it has captured the strategically important northern town of Pooneryn from Tamil Tiger separtists

2014: Pakistan and Afghanistan pledge to begin a new era of economic cooperation, with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani saying three days of talks had ended 13 years of différences

2015: Nepal PM asks India to end « undeclared blockade »