12 DECEMBER 2017
A massive victory: On Left Alliance landslide in Nepal
the Left Alliance wins more than 70% of the 165 parliamentary seats being decided by the FPTP system. In the 110 seats allocated based on proportional representation, the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) won, with its ally, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre), not far behind
4 DECEMBER 2017
Nepal’s puzzling new political equation
As UML calls for establishing a communist form of governance after the elections, an intense debate on its nature has begun to surface. The vague ideological foundations of UML and the Maoists offer the least of socialism, and a future authoritarian government cannot be overruled
26 NOVEMBER 2017
Nepal votes in first parliamentary election since 1999
On the first day of a historic two-phase national election, Nepalese voters will choose national and state representatives. Political stability has eluded Nepal for 27 years. Will the vote be a turning point?
11 NOVEMBER 2017
Nepal’s three-time premier of monarchy era Kirti Nidhi Bista dies at 90
Kirti Nidhi Bista, a three-time former prime minister during Nepal’s monarchy era, died in Kathmandu on Saturday, state television reported. He was 90
28 SEPTEMBER 2018
3-year-old girl named Nepal’s new living goddess
A 3-year-old girl became Nepal’s new living goddess Thursday, revered by both Hindus and Buddhists in the Himalayan nation
9 SEPTEMBER 2017
Nepal’s role in China’s Belt and Road Initiative highlights balancing act between Beijing and Delhi
Despite recent tensions in the region, the country’s interests can be best served by acting as a bridge between two giant neighbours
6 JUNE 2017
Sher Bahadur Deuba elected Nepal’s prime minister … for the fourth time
Nepal’s parliament on Tuesday elected an unopposed three-time former prime minister to the top post once again, the tenth time in just over a decade the leadership has changed hands in the Himalayan nation
24 MAY 2917
Nepal PM resigns, casting final local election into doubt
Nepal Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal « Prachanda » today stepped down from his post, honouring the agreement reached with the ruling partner Nepali Congress (NC) before forming the coalition government
14 MAY 2017
In first local election in 20 years, Nepal heads to the polls amidst fears of Attack
Voting began in Nepal on Sunday (May 14) in its first local elections in two decades, a landmark moment in the country’s fraught transition to democracy
12 MAY 2017
Nepal joins China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative, possibly alarming India
Nepal on Friday signed an agreement to be part of President Xi Jinping’s ambitious plan to build a new Silk Road linking Asia, Africa and Europe, a move that could alarm India, which jostles with China for influence in Kathmandu
30 APRIL 2017
Nepal’s first female chief justice faces impeachment
Nepal’s first female chief justice has been suspended after the two largest parties in the ruling coalition filed an impeachment motion against her
16 APRIL 2017
Nepal, China begin first-ever joint military exercises
China and Nepal began their first-ever joint military exercises on Sunday, a move likely to rattle India as Beijing boosts its influence in the region
21 FEBRUARY 2017
Nepal to hold first local elections in 20 years
Nepal will hold its first local elections in 20 years in mid-May, the government has announced, raising hopes of political stability in the deeply divided country
2 JANUARY 2017
Nepal Supreme Court gives nod for Constitution amendment bill
Nepal’s Supreme Court on Monday said the Constitution amendment bill registered in the Legislative-Parliament should move ahead as it is a matter of Parliamentary supremacy
31 DECEMBER 2016
2016 a year to forget for Nepal
Nepal is at a political and economic low point. If this continues through 2017 Nepal’s people might seek to leave the country for greener pastures, which many have done already. Nepal can only hope that 2017 bucks the trend and proves this wrong
16 DECEMBER 2016
The last king of remote Buddhist kingdom of Upper Mustang dies in Nepal
The last king of the isolated Himalayan region of Upper Mustang died on Friday in Kathmandu, eight years after he lost his royal title when the centuries-old Buddhist monarchy was abolished
20 NOVEMBER 2016
Nepal prime minister admits ‘delays’ in justice for Maoist war victims
Nepal on Sunday marked the 10th anniversary of the peace deal that ended a bloody Maoist insurgency as the prime minister admitted that justice for its victims has been delayed
15 NOVEMBER 2016
To please Beijing, Kathmandu arrests 41 Tibetans pilgrims
Nepali authorities have arrested 41 Tibetan pilgrims on the border with India. The group was travelling by bus to some of India’s most important Buddhist temples when it was stopped in Kailali, a district in western Nepal
1 OCTOBER 2016
Nepal’s parliament passes bill prohibiting strikes in industries
Nepal’s parliament has passed a new bill on Industrial Enterprises Act banning strikes in industrial units that disrupt the production
16 SEPTEMBER 2016
India, Nepal Restore Friendlier Ties
India and Nepal have put diplomatic relations, that had frayed in the past year, back on track during a visit to New Delhi by Nepal’s new prime minister, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, popularly known as Prachanda
3 AUGUST 2016
CPN (Maoist Center) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal is elected as the 39th prime minister of Nepal
His election was expected, as the 61-year-old Dahal, who still goes by his nom de guerre Prachanda (« the fierce one »), was the only candidate running for the office. The Nepali Congress, the largest parliamentary party, earlier pledged their support for him as prime minister
29 JULY 2016
Nepal leader assures China of implementing key bilateral deals
Nepal’s Maoist leader Prachanda assured China that key bilateral deals with Beijing, including the one that could end India’s monopoly in transport to the landlocked country, reached during the previous regime would be honoured even after a new government takes over.
24 JULY 2016
Nepal’s Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli resigns minutes before no-confidence motion
Nepal’s Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli has resigned, minutes before facing a no-confidence motion in Parliament he was certain to lose, plunging the impoverished, quake-hit nation into fresh turmoil
21 FEBRUARY 2016
Nepal, India sign agreements for partnership
The agreements include a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on utilisation of India’s assistance for post-quake reconstruction in Nepal, a deal on strengthening road infrastructure in southern plains of Nepal and an accord on rail transport for trading with Bangladesh, among others.
19 FEBRUARY 2016
Nepali PM travels to India to repair strained ties
Nepali PM K.P. Oli has embarked on a state visit to India, in a bid to improve ties and resolve the thorny issues afflicting the partnership. Will the trip usher in a period of amity between the two neighbors?
14 FEBRUARY 2016
Nepal Maoists mark 20 years since start of civil war
Nepal’s former Maoist rebels paid tribute to fallen comrades Saturday in a ceremony marking 20 years since the start of an insurgency that transformed the Himalayan nation from a Hindu monarchy to a secular republic
9 FEBRUARY 2016
Sushil Koirala, former Nepalese prime minister, dies aged 76
Sushil Koirala, who ran the country for barely 18 months from 2014, passed away after suffering from pneumonia. He spent his life in politics fighting for democracy in Nepal.
8 FEBRUARY 2016
Nepal border blockade: Ethnic groups lift roadblocks
The announcement comes days after frustrated residents and traders dismantled roadblocks set up by ethnic Madhesi groups.
5 FEBRUARY 2016
Residents open blockaded India-Nepal border point
Vehicles passed through the main border point between Nepal and India on Friday after frustrated residents forcefully removed barriers set up by Madhesi protesters who blockaded the border to demand changes in the new Constitution.
24 JANUARY 2016
Nepal’s crisis drags on as ethnic minorities reject charter amendment
Nepal’s ethnic minorities have rejected a constitutional amendment, dashing hopes of an end to a political crisis that has also led to fuel shortages, and hampered deliveries of relief materials to survivors of last year’s earthquakes
23 JANUARY 2016
Nepal parliament votes to amend new constitution
Nepal’s parliament voted on Saturday (Jan 23) to amend the country’s new constitution in a bid to resolve a months-long dispute with ethnic minority protesters demanding more political representation.
8 JANUARY 2016
Q&A: Nepal’s Maoists and forgotten promises
Al Jazeera spoke to CK Lal, a widely read columnist and a playright, by phone. He has been critical of the Himalayan nation’s ruling elite for not sharing power with historically marginalised groups such as the Madhesis
21 DECEMBER 2015
End in sight for Nepal blockade as government plans changes in new charter
In a significant development, Nepal government has decided to amend the new Constitution to address two key demands of agitating Madhesis regarding proportional representation and constituency delimitation, a move which is likely to be welcomed by India.
15 NOVEMBER 2015
Nepal PM asks India to end « undeclared blockade »
Nepal’s newly elected prime minister KP Sharma Oli called Sunday on neighbouring India to end its « undeclared blockade » as the nation faces crippling shortage of fuel and supplies
28 OCTOBER 2015
Bidhya Bhandari elected Nepal’s first woman president
Nepal’s parliament Wednesday elected communist lawmaker Bidhya Bhandari as the country’s first female president after the adoption of a landmark constitution last month
17 OCTOBER 2015
How China pipped India at Nepal post
As Nepal arrives on the South Asian political landscape as its brand new secular, democratic republic, it is ‘Communist’ China that is in celebratory mood. India is sulking. Beijing is obviously pleased with the election of a communist leader as the prime minister of Nepal, who, by the way, also used to be a ‘Maoist’ at one time in his long chequered political life. The contrast could not be sharper
13 OCTOBER 2015
China reopens border with Nepal for goods movement
Amid mounting pressure on Nepal’s government over dwindling supplies of goods from India due to the ongoing violent agitation over the new Constitution, China reopened its border with Nepal in Tibet which Chinese officials say will see “explosive growth” in trade
11 OCTOBER 2015
Communist leader Oli chosen as new Nepal PM
Oli, of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist), defeated by 338 votes to 249 former premier Sushil Koirala, who had stepped down from the top job as required by the constitution adopted on September 20.
10 OCTOBER 2015
Nepal’s Koirala resigns as PM and seeks re-election
In a surprise move, Nepal’s Prime Minister Sushil Koirala has filed his nomination for re-election, a day before the parliament of the troubled Himalayan nation is expected to elect a new prime minister
9 OCTOBER 2015
Analysis: Blockade politics in Nepal
India’s unofficial blockade of Nepal – now in its third week – has therefore crippled life in this country of 30 million people. Things could get a lot worse
20 SEPTEMBER 2015
Nepal constitution born of bloodshed, compromise
Nepal adopts its first democratic constitution in a largely peaceful event, a historic step for a nation that has seen unrest for over 65 years
14 SEPTEMBER 2015
Nepal rejects reverting back to a Hindu state
Nepal’s Constituent Assembly has rejected calls to revert back to a Hindu state, deciding instead to keep its secular system brought in after the abolishment of the monarchy in 2008
10 AUGUST 2015
Nepalis killed in protests over proposed constitution
Three agitators, who were part of a demonstration demanding to keep mid-west region intact, were killed when the police opened fire to control the mob in Birendranagar, Surkhet, on Monday.
7 JULY 2015
Nepal Constituant Assembly endorses the preliminary draft of the Constitution
After weeklong deliberations, the Constituent Assembly on Tuesday endorsed the preliminary draft of the constitution, clearing the way for public consultation on the statute blueprint
8 JUNE 2015
Nepal parties resolve disputes over constitution after quake
Feuding political parties said on Monday they had agreed to split Nepal into eight federal provinces, ending years of stalemate over the new constitution intended to stabilise the country after civil war and the abolition of its monarchy.
25 APRIL 2015
Devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake slams Nepal
A 7.8 magnitude earthquake centered less than 50 miles from Kathmandu rocked Nepal with devastating force Saturday, toppling homes, temples and historic buildings and leaving at least 1,457 people dead, authorities said.
16 APRIL 2015
Former Nepal Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa dies at age 87
Surya Bahadur Thapa, who served as Nepal’s prime minister five times, has died in a hospital in India where he was being treated for stomach cancer. He was 87
9 APRIL 2015
Nepal govt, Maoist rebels return to negotiating table
A day after the UCPN (Maoist)-led 30-party opposition alliance called off a general strike, the major political parties returned to the negotiating table on Wednesday in a bid to find consensus on federalism—the most contentious issue of new constitution
26 FEBRUARY 2015
Nepal court says no amnesty for war crimes
Nepal’s top court on Thursday said two bodies set up to investigate war crimes committed during the country’s decade-long civil conflict would not be able to grant amnesty for serious rights abuses.
8 FEBRUARY 2015
Nepal’s national carrier’s first Airbus arrives today
After a wait of almost three decades, Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) is scheduled to receive a brand new Airbus on Sunday in what will be the national carrier’s first addition to its international fleet in 27 years
23 JANUARY 2015
Nepal fails to meet constitution deadline amid protests
Nepal has plunged deeper into crisis after feuding politicians, throwing microphones and shoes, failed to meet a deadline to table a new constitution, seen as a key step to stability in the Himalayan state
20 JANUARY 2015
Fighting breaks out in Nepal parliament in constitution row
Fighting broke out in Nepal’s parliament on Tuesday, with Maoist lawmakers throwing chairs and injuring four security officers as tensions ran high before a deadline to approve a post-war constitution.
19 JANUARY 2015
Nepal and the Great Power Courtship
Today Nepal finds itself in a unique position. It is being courted by the very powers, India and China, that for so long had treated it as a peripheral concern. What has changed?
26 DECEMBER 2014
China raises Nepal aid five-fold in regional diplomacy push
China will increase official aid to Nepal by more than five times from fiscal 2015-16, officials said on Friday, to develop infrastructure in the landlocked nation where regional rival India has long wielded political influence
19 DECEMBER 2014
Nepal to lower female migrant age
Nepali women should be at least 25 years old in order to work as housemaids abroad, says a proposed rule on domestic workers
28 NOVEMBER 2014
Nearly 300,000 Nepalese women trafficked to Indian brothels
Trafficking of women and girls and supplying them in the sex markets of India and other countries is still one of the big social problems in Nepal
29 OCTOBER 2014
Nepalese government: No more refugees from Tibet
In response to pressure from the Chinese government, Kathmandu has decided to no longer provide the necessary documents to Tibetan refugees to reach India, the residence of the Dalai Lama and his government-in-exile
18 OCTOBER 2014
Nepali parties to seek more time for accord sake
Having missed the crucial deadline for preparing the first draft of constitution and three extended time limits for forging consensus on the contentious issues, parties are yet again preparing to take additional time for consensus
29 SEPTEMBER 2014
China to extend rail to Nepal
The government has said that China has agreed in principle to extend the Qinghai-Tibet Railway to the Nepal border.
19 SEPTEMBER 2014
India to build Nepal power plant
Nepal’s government has endorsed plans for Indian firm GMR to build the country’s biggest hydro-power plant.
1 SEPTEMBER 2014
Nepal to be ‘totally literate’ next year
Going by a government projection, the country will be “total literate” by the end of the current fiscal year, having enrolled some 1.74 million adult illiterates (15-60 years) in over 20,000 classes
23 AUGUST 2014
Nepal forces vendors off Kathmandu streets
Legislation prohibits vendors in Kathmandu and gives authority to police to confiscate their goods.
3 AUGUST 2014
China-India energy rivalry in spotlight as Modi visits Nepal
India Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be looking to boost hydropower cooperation and reinvigorate ties when he lands in Nepal today in the first visit by an Indian premier in 17 years
28 JULY 2014
Nepali government ready to allow the funeral of 14th Shamar Rinpoche
The Tibetan Buddhist religious is one of the three main disciples of the Karmapa Lama, tasked with recognising of the Dalai Lama’s reincarnation. The current Shamar, Mipham Chokyi Lodro, died two weeks ago and asked to be cremated in a monastery he founded near Kathmandu. Despite China’s opposition, the government « is considering » that possibility. Thousands of people are expected at his funeral, some from Tibet as well.
21 JULY 2014
Nepal seeks clarity in energy cooperation with India
In its response to the draft agreement on “Cooperation in Power Sector”, the government of Nepal has asked if the Indian proposal is to be ratified by parliament or to be approved by the cabinet
13 JULY 2014
Nepal Retracts Permission for a Tibetan Lama’s Cremation
Under scrutiny from China, Nepal’s government announced on Sunday that it had retracted its permission to allow the cremation of a prominent spiritual figure in Tibetan Buddhism to be held on its territory
28 MAY 2014
Hindu nationalist Modi invites Nepal to « respect all minorities »
In a private interview, the new Indian Prime Minister said he is a « Hindu » but has a « deep respect for all religions”. His Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a Hindu nationalist party , however, is linked to many cases of violence and persecution against ethnic and religious minorities in the country
21 MAY 2014
Will Modi’s win impact India-Nepal relations?
India’s politically fragile northern neighbour is closely watching events unfold in the Asian giant to the south following the landslide election victory of Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party led by Narendra Modi.
2 MAY 2014
Seeking justice for Nepal’s war crimes
Reconciliation commissions established, but critics say amnesty provisions could let perpetrators go free
25 APRIL 2014
Nepal parliament passes amnesty bill
Former Maoist rebels and security forces who committed torture, killings and other crimes during Nepal’s decade-long civil war could be granted amnesty under new legislation approved by parliament. Lawmakers late on Friday 25 passed a bill in parliament to set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission and a Commission on the Disappeared, aimed at healing wounds from the decade-long conflict that ended in 2006
18 APRIL 2014
Twelve Nepal guides die in Everest avalanche
At least 12 Nepalese guides preparing routes up Mount Everest for commercial climbers have been killed by an avalanche in the deadliest mountaineering accident ever on the world’s highest peak, officials and rescuers have said
12 MARCH 2014
Nepal Tries Again to Write a Constitution
After a successful election, can the political factions now put aside their squabbles and move forward
6 MARCH 2014
Kathmandu bans Tibetans from celebrating pro-independence uprising against China
The Nepali government has told the Tibetan community living in the country not to celebrate, even in a peaceful way, their failed anti-Chinese uprising of 10 March 1959
10 FEBRUARY 2014
Sushil Koirala is new Nepal Prime Minister, says constitution his priority
Nepali Congress Chairman Sushil Koirala was on Monday elected Prime Minister of the country – fifth in as many years of political instability
28 JANUARY 2014
Nepal’s Maoists face ideological crisis
Nepal’s United Communist Party of Nepal(Maoist), relegated to third position in last November’s elections, is engaged in a serious internal debate over its future ideological outlook and organizational structure.
15 JANUARY 2014
Nepal’s crackdown on illegal immigrants threatens more than 50,000 with expulsion
In order to fight tax evasion, Nepal announces zero tolerance for foreign workers without a valid work permit. More than 50,000 people could be expelled from the country, most of them Chinese.
5 JANUARY 2014
Nepal: A chance to rebuild itself?
Nepal went to the polls on November 19, 2013, to elect a Constituent Assembly for the second time. The first Assembly was elected in 2008, and was dissolved in 2012 after failing to reach consensus on the roadmap to federalism
30 DECEMBER 2013
Recent elections appear to have dashed the hopes of Madhesi activists for autonomy.
24 DECEMBER 2013
Nepal Maoists agree to join parliament
Nepal’s Maoists agreed to join the country’s constituent assembly, ending a month-long political deadlock and raising hopes of long-awaited political stability in the Himalayan nation.
11 DECEMBER 2013
Nepal to renew its obsolete aircraft fleet with « unsafe and unreliable » Chinese planes
For civil aviation experts, the six expensive Chinese planes bought for US$ 70 million could prove unsafe for passenger. Meanwhile, the EU bans Nepali planes, jeopardising their access to international routes
7 DECEMBER 2013
Nepal, bureaucrats flee to Hindu temples to escape anti-corruption investigation
In recent days, dozens among politicians, officials and bureaucrats have flocked to Hindu temples in the center of Kathmandu. The move is a way to escape the crackdown on corruption launched by the Commission for the investigation of abuses committed by the authorities ( Ciaa ). At least 64 senior officials must respond to abuses of power and corruption
3 DECEMBER 2012
For a brief moment in November, Nepal appeared to have finally escaped the endless cycle of instability, violence, and petty political brinkmanship in which it had been trapped for the last few decades. In defiance of a hard-line Maoist group that had tried to derail the country’s first general election in years with a campaign of low-level terrorism, voters turned out in record numbers. In doing so, they sent a clear message about their faith in democracy despite the chronic failures of their elected officials. But that moment of elation did not last.
28 NOVEMBER 2013
Victorious Nepali Congress Party Tries to Woo Maoists
Nepal’s oldest political party has emerged as the biggest group after an election last week, a final count showed on Thursday, and the party is now trying to woo Maoist former rebels to join a national unity government in the volatile mountain nation
22 NOVEMBER 2013
Nepal election crisis after new rigging complaint
Fears of a prolonged political crisis in Nepal deepened Friday after a regional party joined the Maoists in alleging poll-rigging in post-war elections held this week.
Nepal, civil society and religions against kidnapping of child brides
In the western districts forced marriages are still widespread: During special « festivals », young men choose the most beautiful girls and kidnap them, forcing them to marry. In Nepal, this practice is illegal, but the silence of the people prolongs this tradition. Girls as young as 11 among victims.
21 NOVEMBER 2013
Nepal Maoists demand halt to election vote counting
Maoists claim irregularities in election of national assembly, after early counts show former dominant political force trailing badly
19 NOVEMBER 2013
Nepalis defy odds in high election turnout
Threats from poll-opposing parties, violence and bombs failed to dampen the people’s spirits as Nepal voted for the second Constituent Assembly on Tuesday. The election that saw a high turnout was largely peaceful, the Election Commission (EC) said.
14 NOVEMBER 2013
Nepal’s radical Maoists on a rampage to stop elections
Assaults, arson and bombings are reported across the country. Two buses are bombed in the capital, critically injuring three passengers. On 19 November, Nepalis are called to elect a new Constituent Assembly. Ahead in the polls, Nepal’s Maoist party is embroiled in a scandal over leader Prachanda’s passion for luxury and excess.
1 NOVEMBER 2013
Nepali opposition threaten elections
The Nepali government faces massive protests from opposition groups seeking to prevent Nepal’s post-monarchy elections for November 19.
27 OCTOBER 2013
Nepal gets tough on poll code breach
Amid reports of rampant violation of the election code of conduct, the Election Commission on Saturday instituted a high-level panel to monitor and take action against those who run afoul of the law.The panel, headed by Chief Election Commissioner Neel Kantha Uprety, has allocated monitoring areas for the four other commissioners, authorising them to take action against anyone found violating the rules.
25 OCTOBER 2013
Six Muslim leaders arrested for « illegal activities » in Nepal
Police arrested the men during a raid against a mosque in Bara (southern Nepal). For the authorities, they were not involved in religious activities, but in « illegal work ». For the country’s Muslim community, the government violated ‘religious freedom’.
12 OCTOBER 2013
Inclusive Peacebuilding In Nepal: Challenges And Opportunities – Analysis
Current peacebuilding programmes in Nepal are not benefiting the people most affected by violence. The main problem is that the critical issue of inclusivity has not been properly addressed. Looking at the established ‘peace infrastructure’ and various peacebuilding activities, it’s easy to think a lot is being done to promote an inclusive peace. However, in reality very little is happening on the ground where it matters most.
10 OCTOBER 2013
Nepal’s ‘humpty-dumpty’ political ride
Nepal has come a long way to reach to this point of democratic change.
4 OCTOBER 2013
The deft politicking of Nepal Army
The fact that the army is the most powerful state organ in Nepal is fairly unremarkable. It is an established norm of most countries, especially a post-conflict state managing a difficult democratic transition to peace. The interesting aspect of the Nepalese Army (NA), however, is its limited public role in national politics.
28 SEPTEMBER 2013
Nepal’s slave girls
Can the young girls forced to work in middle class homes across the country break the bonds of slavery? Slavery is banned in Nepal. But hidden behind the walls of city homes, some still keep young girls as slaves called kamlaris.
26 SEPTEMBER 2013
Nepal recalls envoy after she called Qatar ‘open jail’
Nepal on Thursday recalled its ambassador to Qatar after she compared the Middle Eastern emirate to an « open jail » for thousands of Nepali migrants who face abuse from employers there.
23 SEPTEMBER 2013
Nepal: Alleged Mastermind Of Journalist’s 2009 Murder Arrested
Reporters Without Borders welcomes last week’s announcement by the police that they have arrested the suspected mastermind of the murder of journalist and women’s rights activist Uma Singh in the southeastern city of Janakpur in January 2009.
20 SEPTEMBER 2013
Killers roam free in Nepal
19 SEPTEMBER 2013
Do not use children for political gain, say Nepal’s child rights advocates
The Nepal National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and Unicef Nepal have expressed concern over the potential misuse, manipulation and engagement of children by political parties in pre- and post-election campaigns, as the country’s Constituent Assembly looms
16 SEPTEMBER 2013
Nepal: Communist Party Of Nepal-Maoist’s Election Dilemma
The splinter group led by Mohan Baidya, the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M), has been causing anxiety in Nepal’s political circles for many reasons. First, if CPN-M will join the election to be held in November for the second constituent assembly (CA). Second, what will be the consequences if CPN-M does not join the election? Ironically, in Nepal, even if both issues appear to be mutually exclusive at this stage, the current uncertainty implies that it will significantly influence the political process. In such a scenario, any attempt to underplay or side step Mohan Baidya’s faction will seriously undermine the legitimacy of the political process required for the CA 2. Legitimacy and consensus are more important as the outcome of the CA 1 were not very encouraging.
14 SEPTEMBER 2013
India And Nepal: Koirala’s Visit And New Delhi’s Interests
Is there a reason why the Indian government has frequently been extending invites to Nepali leaders to visit India in the past few months? What impact could this particular visit have on the current Nepali political scenario?
12 SEPTEMBER 2013
Nepal strike shuts down capital
A general strike called by an alliance of opposition political parties to oppose government plans for elections in November has shut down Nepal’s capital, closing schools and markets.
3 SEPTEMBER 2013
Kathmandu: Christians have no right to a cemetery
The measure, which was to « preserve the sanctity of the soil near the Hindu shrine of Pashupatinath » compels a minority to seek burial sites concealed in the forest or near the rivers. Christian leader: « We fear that the Nepalese Hindu faith profane our graves. » The government does not respond to the requests of the faithful.
23 AUGUST 2013
China tries to cover up giant corruption scandal in Nepal
Nepali authorities detain 22 senior Nepali officials as well as 2 Chinese suppliers who worked with the state electricity company following an unprecedented operation by Anti-Corruption Commission. The identity of the Chinese company involved is still unknown, but Beijing is concerned the story might discredit its electrical product exports.
16 AUGUST 2013
As long as Nepal is crippled by caste, it shall remain an economic untouchable
Nepal’s rigid caste system is holding the country back, preventing it from taking part in the economic revolution of its neighbours
15 AUGUST 2013
Patience fading for Nepali judge turned premier
The chief justice and interim government chief, Khilraj Regmi, has shocked even some of his supporters by proposing an extensive budget, making sweeping bureaucratic changes and exercising the full power of a prime minister.
31 JULY 2013
Nepal claims strategic middle ground
Nepal’s highest-ranking military officer has returned from China with promises of improved relations, disaster aid, and cold hard cash. The trip served to highlight Beijing’s growing political, economic, and cultural influence in the Himalayan nation. As New Delhi looks on with trepidation, Nepalese leaders are attempting to leverage their crucial geopolitical position between the Asian giants for their own benefit.
24 JULY 2013
Two Nepalese women accused of witchcraft and tortured in a Buddhist monastery
Beaten and tortured all night by neighbours on suspicion of practicing black magic. Police arrested only two of those responsible. In Nepal traditionally older women or widows are often accused of being witches, and for this tortured and burned alive.
15 JULY 2013
Nepal: Moving Towards Elections – Analysis
On June 13, 2013, the Interim Election Government formed on March 13, 2013, headed by Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi, announced November 19, 2013, as the date for holding fresh Constituent Assembly (CA) elections. After the dissolution of the first CA on May 27, 2012, it was first decided to hold elections for the new CA on November 22, 2012. The absence of a political consensus forced a deadline extension to June 21, 2013, and now, further, to November 19.
Nepal’s ministry issues 600,000 citizenship certificates in 1 month
Despite haggling among political parties over the distribution of citizenship certificates, Nepal’s Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) gave out over 600,000 national IDs in one month.
17 JUNE 2013
Caritas Nepal against slave-like child labour
Nepali law bans child labour under the age of 14, but children are the most sought after domestic workers. Torture and abuse often go along with the job, especially if children spend too much time studying. For Caritas, children’s rights should be respected, including the « right to practice one’s own religion ». http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Caritas-Nepal-against-slave-like-child-labour-28223.html
13 JUNE 2013
The battle against child labour in Nepal continues
Having “rescued” around 150 underage children working in Bhaktapur’s sari embroidery factories in July last year, the Nepalese government and private agencies concerned might have lauded their move as a giant leap towards curbing child labour in the country. However, no less than a year down the line, the problem that was supposed to have been solved in Bhaktapur has shifted to Thankot, a few kilometres west of Kalanki in Kathmandu.
5 JUNE 2013
Kamalari, girls and women victims of slavery in Nepal
Sold into slavery by their families in debt. Kathmandu condemns slavery, but in the poorest regions of the country, it remains a common practice. An activist: « victims of continuing violence, but police will not conduct any investigation. »
30 MAY 2013
Nepal’s parties set up panel to settle poll law dispute
Amid delay in the announcement of the new Constituent Assembly (CA) election date, Nepal’s major political parties represented at the High-level Political Committee (HLPC) on Thursday 30 formed a taskforce to settle disputed issues in an electoral law.
17 MAY 2013
China Increases Investment in Himalayan Neighbor Nepal
In recent years, Nepal has deepened its already strong ties with China – some say to counter its reliance on India for aid and investment
23 APRIL 2013
Nepal promises China to crack down on Tibetan refugees
On a visit to Beijing, the leader of the Maoist party in Nepal Prachanda promises Xi Jinping to repress any anti-Chinese protests. « The national stability and integrity of both countries will not be compromised in the name of religious freedom and human rights. » http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Nepal-promises-China-to-crack-down-on-Tibetan-refugees-27732.html
14 MARCH 2014
Nepal’s 36th prime minister officially sworn in
Nepal’s Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi has been sworn in as the Chairman of the Interim Election Government at the President’s office in Kathmandu on Thursday http://www.asianewsnet.net/Nepals-36th-prime-minister-officially-sworn-in-44038.html
2 MARCH 2013
Nepal appoints a prime minister who can not govern
Khilaraj Regmi, chairman of the Supreme Court, will not take office until March 7. The two posts are incompatible and his appointment is unconstitutional. June 5 elections at risk. http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Nepal-appoints-a-prime-minister-who-can-not-govern-27282.html
1 MARCH 2013
Hindu gurus accused of rape and drug dealing
In the last few days, five young women came close to being raped at the Hindu temple of Pashupatinath. People blame Hindu gurus, from Nepal and India, who have come to Kathmandu for the festival of Maha Shivaratri. The holy men attract young followers offering hashish and marijuana. Those who cannot pay in cash pay « in nature ». http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Hindu-gurus-accused-of-rape-and-drug-dealing-27280.html
25 FEBRURAY 2013
Nepal: The mega transition
Nepal’s political gridlock has crossed all limits. The recent proposition to appoint Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi as prime minister with a team of technocrats has been met with mixed reactions. While the major political parties have ultimately dragged themselves to the point of agreement, another Maoist faction led by Vaidya has severely criticized the move.
20 FEBRUARY 2013
Chief justice to become new prime minister
Khil Raj Regmi will replace Maoist Baburan Bhattarai. The country’s main parties have accepted his appointment. He will lead the country until elections for a constituent assembly are held on 5 June. Smaller parties protest, claiming that the appointment of a chief justice to the post of prime minister is a violation of the constitution http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Chief-justice-to-become-new-prime-minister-27189.html
19 FEBRUARY 2013
Nepal parties agree on new interim PM
Nepal’s major political parties have agreed to form an interim government led by a supreme court chief justice, and to hold elections in June, in an attempt to end the deadlock that has left the nation without a fully functioning government since last year. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/02/20132196114628235.html
25 JANUARY 2013
Is a New Maoist Revolution Brewing in Nepal?
Around 1,000 leading cadre of the regrouped Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) agreed to pursue a strategy of “people’s revolt” against the coalition government that includes their former allies, during their seventh general convention on January 9-14. The event was the first of its kind since a radical faction of the United Communist Party of Nepal (UCPN) split last June and retook the CPN-Maoist name that the party held during its decade-long insurgency that resulted in the ousting of the Nepali monarchy in 2007. http://newsjunkiepost.com/2013/01/25/is-a-new-maoist-revolution-brewing-in-nepal/?goback=%2Egde_3681308_member_209601525
24 JANUARY 2013
Unrest in Nepal over journalist Dekendra Thapa’s 2004 murder
Two senior officials in the western Nepalese district of Dailekh have been transferred, a day after violent protests against a visit by Maoist Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21181407
10 JANUARY 2013
PM stops trials involving Maoists
Baburan Bhattarai stops the investigations of a number of murders by Maoist rebels, including that of Dekendra Thapa, a journalist killed in 2004. In 2010, the government dropped 309 cases involving acts of violence.
7 JANUARY 2013
Nepalese protest violence against women
Hundreds of protesters have gathered outside the prime minister’s residence in Nepal for a 10th day to protest against the alleged rape and robbery of a maid by officials and other violence against women. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/01/20131714247955976.html
2 JANUARY 2013
Like India, Nepal is powerless against rising violence against women
Figures from 2012 show a terrible picture. Sixty-four per cent of Nepali women are victims of domestic and gender-based abuse. About 71 per cent of all victims between 26 and 35 years of age are deemed at risk http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Like-India,-Nepal-is-powerless-against-rising-violence-against-women-26754.html
21 DECEMBER 2012
Can Nepal’s Republic Be Saved?
18 OCTOBER 2012
Nepal: Government hobbles human rights commission
Mismanagement of Nepal’s National Human Rights Commission’s (NHRC) and its lack of independence, as well as frequent changes of government and an ongoing constitutional stalemate, have weakened the group’s ability to pursue war-era crimes, say officials and activists. Almost 18,000 civilians died during a civil conflict between Maoist separatists and the government from 1996-2006, but so far no one has been prosecuted for war crimes
2 OCTOBER 2012
Nepal cinemas close after Maoist orders
Most cinemas in Nepal’s capital were closed to film fans on Tuesday after their owners bowed to demands by hardline Maoists to stop screen
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20121002-375088.htmling Bollywood movies.
21 SEPTEMBER 2012
Nepal, secular parties against King Gyanendra’s « religious » visit
Under the guise of a religious pilgrimage, the former monarch is to visit the districts of Kanski, Myagdi and Parbat in the western region. Local Maoist authorities announce a boycott. Whole villages festively decorated for the arrival of the king. Consensus, especially among the poorer classes of the Hindu religion disappointed by Maoism
3 AUGUST 2012
Hundreds march in Nepal in support of gay rights
Gays, lesbians, transgender people and their supporters marched in a Nepalese town Friday to demand recognition as a third gender in citizen certificates, to allow same-sex marriage and to criminalize discrimination based on sexual preference.
20 JULY 2012
Revolution of Nepalese women: from slavery of Hindu culture to flying planes
Until a few decades ago, women were burned on the pyre of their deceased husband as a gesture of submission. Their emancipation is the visible sign a secular state and the presence of associations for women’s rights in the territory. The story of Anusha Udas, a girl of 22 who become pilot thanks to perseverance and family support.
15 JUNE 2012
NEPAL: The hidden costs of early marriage
Thousands of Nepali girls leave school every year to get married, missing out on their education, the government says. Parents are often unaware of the impact that trying to save the money spent on education can have on the future of their daughter.
30 MAY 2012
Political impasse deepens economic uncertainty
Most Nepalese face an uncertain economic future and the possibility of political unrest after Nepal’s Constituent Assembly (CA) failed to agree on a new constitution on 27 May
21 MARCH 2012
Nepal, poverty and unemployment push thousands of people to suicide
The cases have increased by 31% since 2010. The average is 4 thousand suicides a year. In Bara, an unemployed mother with severe economic difficulties kills herself and her children.
11 MARCH 2012
Nepal could become a drug hub
After the decades of 1970s and early 1980s, Nepal is again on the verge of becoming a major transit point for illegal drugs trade between Asian nations and rest of the world, police have warned
10 MARCH 212
Big power deal gives Chinese foothold in Nepal
The power play between China and India for influence in the strategic Himalayan state of Nepal has just got electric. China has signed a US$1.6 billion ) agreement to develop the 760MW West Seti Project hydropower plant in Nepal
9 FEBRUARY 2012
In Nepal, Baidya faction demands PM’s resignation
The hardline faction of the UCPN (Maoist) led by Vice Chairman Mohan on Thursday demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai. Baidya-faction has been enraged by the Cabinet’s decision to scrap the legalisation of the land transactions made by the Maoist parallel government during decade-long insurgency
3 FEBRUARY 2012
Nepal former rebels begin to leave camps
Thousands of former Maoist fighters in Nepal have begun demobilising, five years after they ended their armed revolt. More than 7,000 fighters, confined to camps since 2007, are receiving money to help them return to civilian life
2 FEBRUARY 2012
Nepal cancels ‘crucial’ border talks with China
Nepal has unilaterally cancelled the proposed boundary talks with China, after the latter refused to recognise Nepal’s stance over the missing Pillar No 57 in Lamabagar, Rasuwa (northern Nepal) http://www.asianewsnet.net/home/news.php?id=27262&sec=1
18 NOVEMBER 2011
Nepal begins reintegration of Maoist fighters
Government monitors have reached seven camps spread across Nepal to begin asking 19,000 former fighters whether they will join the army or leave with cash to start new lives, five years after ending their armed operations to join a peace process.
11 NOVEMBER 2011
Search for Buddha maternal home
Nepal’s Department of Archaeology (DoA) and Lumbini Development Trust (LDT) in unison are trying to ascertain whether Lumbini-based Devdaha was the maternal home of Gautam Buddha
1 NOVEMBER 2011
Nepal parties agree final part of landmark peace deal
Nepal’s main political parties have agreed the last part of a landmark peace deal after years of wrangling. A spokesman for the prime minister said the deal revolves around the future of about 19,000 former Maoist fighters.
18 OCTOBER 2011
US ‘enormously optimistic’ about peace process
There is an emphatic view among Nepal’s major political actors that the current peace process is nearing a successful conclusion and the hardest part of the process is already completed, according to a visiting senior US official.
8 September 2011
Nepalese victor seen as pro-Delhi plant
The election of Baburam Bhattarai as Nepal’s fifth prime minister in four years appears a defeat for democracy and a victory for the revolutionary left, but Nepal’s elites fear pro-Indian elements will benefit the most
1 AUGUST 2011
Nepal says no to Beijing’s mega tourism project for the birthplace of Buddha
The government of Nepal has blocked a joint China-UN project amounting to three billion dollars to transform Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha, into a mega tourist attraction. According to Mod Raj Dotel, secretary of the Nepali Ministry of Culture, Beijing acted without notifying
the appropriate government offices and has no right to interfere in the religious traditions of Nepal Discovered by archaeologists in 1897, the site of Lumbini has become one of the most important places of Buddhism and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Each year millions of pilgrims make the pilgrimage to the small village. To date the area is surrounded only by monasteries and no other major constructions are allowed. In recent days, the Asia Pacific Exchange and Cooperation Foundation signed a memorandum of understanding with the UN Industrial Development Organization to develop the area creating hotels, restaurants and an airport
11 JUNE 2011
For the first time non-Hindu included in Nepalese census
The Nepalese government has started the national census of population. And for the first time in the history of the country, the count – started June 17 – will also cover the faithful who do not profess the Hindu religion. Since the declaration of state secularism, enshrined in 2006, and 10 years after the last statistical survey, the Himalayan republic has gradually given greater recognition to religious minorities, including Christians, for their efforts for the welfare and development of nation
2 JUNE 2011
Nepal needs tourism to avoid going bust
The number of visitors to Nepal is up, especially from Asia. Despite tensions and social disorder, tourism remains crucial for the country’s development, but for experts, the sector alone cannot sustain the Nepali economy
21 FEBRUARY 2011
Nepal caught between China and India
A recent recording making the rounds in Nepal featured a Maoist party leader speaking to a man with a Chinese accent. During the 12-minute tape, the Chinese voice offers $6.9 million to bribe 50 Nepali legislators for help in forming a Maoist-led government that would favor China
30 JUNE 2010
Nepalese Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal announces his resignation in a televised speech. He says that he wanted to bring an end to political deadlock in the country and move the peace process forward
29 MAY 2009
Madhav Kumar Nepal, former general secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) is elected the new Prime
Minister of Nepal
5 MAY 2009
Nepal’s Prime Minister Prachanda resigns after his decision to sack the army chief was rebuffed by the President
1 MAY 2009
chief is fired by the ruling Maoists in a row over the integration of their former fighters into the armed forces
15 AUGUST 2008
Maoist leader Prachanda is elected as Nepal’s Prime Minister
21 JULY 2008
Ram Baran Yadav, from the Nepalese Congress, is elected first president of the Republic of Nepal
28 MAY 2008
Nepal’s new Constituent Assembly abolishes the 240-year-old monarchy and declared the country a « secular, federal democratic republic. »
2 MAY 2008
For the first time, USA have talk with Maoists in Nepal
11 APRIL 2008
In Nepal, people vote in elections that will decide the future of the direction of the country
27 MARCH 2008
Nepal Maoist said they will not playing China or India card
28 DECEMBER 2007
Nepal declares it will become a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy
10 APRIL 2077
In Nepal, the provisionary government adopts an amendment to the constitution for a new constitution
1 APRIL 2007
In Nepal, following an agreement that put an end to ten years of civil war and five communist leaders join the temporary government
23 MARCH 2007
Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war
15 JANUARY 2007
In Nepal, opening of the first session of the parliament (Sansad) after king Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev has been ousted. The Maoist communist party has 83 MP among 330
21 NOVEMBER 2006
Historic Peace accord between Nepal’s Premier Girija Prasad Koirala and Prachanda, head of the maoist guerrilla. The civil war caused more than 12,500 dead in ten years
18 MAY 2006
In Nepal, the parliament, which has been restore, passes a law curtailing the power of the monarchy, making Nepal a secular country
5 MAY 2006
In Nepal, Maoist rebels accept peace talks and decree a three-month cease-fire
28 APRIL 2006
In Nepal, Koirala is again appointed prime minister
24 APRIL 2006
After 19 days of demonstrations in which at least 14 demonstrators have been killed, king of Nepal Gyanendra restore the parliament that he dissolved in May 2002
27 MARCH 2005
Nepal King Jigme Singye Wangchuk suggests to change absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy with two political parties