On 16 January in Asian history


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Updated on January 16, 2019

654: Death of Gao Jifu, Chinese chancellor, Born in 596

1516: Birth of Bayinnaung, Burmese king who died on November 10, 1581

1556: Huge earthquake in China (Shenxi, Gansu and Shanxi). More than 800,000 died

1630: Birth of Har Rai, seventh Sikh guru, who died on October 6, 1661

1710: Death of Higashiyama, 113th emperor of Japan (1687-1709), born in October 1675

1711: Death of Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon, born on April 21, 1651

1761: In India, British take control of Pondichery against the French

1885: Birth of Zhou Zuoren, Chinese writer, and young brother of Lu Xun, who died on May 6, 1967

1901: Death of Govind Ranade, scholar, social reformer and founding member of Indian National Congress, passed away. Born on January 18, 1842

Govind Ranade

1926: Birth of O. P. Nayyar, Indian director and composer who died on January 28, 2007

1946: Birth of Kabir Bedi, Indian actor

1950: Vietnam communist Viet Minh recognizes Communist China

1950: Birth of Damo Suzuki, Japanese singer

1951: Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi

1954 : Baburao Painter, pioneering Indian film director, pass away. Born on June 3, 1890

1959: Death of Phan Khôi, Vietnamese journalist and author, prisonner of the Communist Party, born on August 20, 1887

Phan Khoi

1964: President Johnson approves Oplan 34A, operations to be conducted by South Vietnamese forces supported by the United States to gather intelligence and conduct sabotage to destabilize the North Vietnamese regime

1964 South Vietnam Naval commandos

1969: In Vietnam, agreement to open peace talks reached

1987: In China, self-criticism by the Chinese Communist Party general secretary Hu Yaobang who is replaced by Zhao Ziyang as General secretary of the Communist Party of China

1989: Death of Prem Nazir, Malayalam actor, born on April 7, 1926

1992: Death of Ajahn Chah, Thai meditation master, Born on June 17, 1918

1997: Dutta Samant, Indian trade union leader is gunned down. Born on November 21, 1932

2002: The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban

2012: Pakistani lawmakers pass a resolution supporting the country’s democratic system, a vote that came after weeks of public speculation and political intrigue about the possibility of a coup in the volatile nation

2013: Myanmar repeals a law that was used to jail critics of the former junta, as the fast-changing nation works to overhaul a legal system once used to crush dissidents

2015: Death of Yao Beina, Chinese singer born on September 26, 1981

2016: Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party has swept to power in the country’s general election, clinching the presidency and the legislature as Tsai Ing-wen becomes its first female President

2016: The China-initiated Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is officially launched


Holidays and observances

Thailand: Teacher’s Day

On 15 January in Asian history


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Updated on January 15, 2019

1481: Birth of shogun Ashikaga Yoshizumi (1494 -1508) who was assassinated on September 6, 1511

1538: Birth of Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, who died on April 27, 1599

1678: In now Indonesia, Amangkurat II gives the Dutch Indies Company (VOC) a monopoly on the sugar trade in Jepara


1885: Birth of Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer who died on December 25, 1915

1896: French and British sign an agreement on their south-East Asia zones of influence. France recognizes the independence od Siam and the British recognizes the French protectorate on Laos

1897: Birth of Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet, who died on November 19, 1931

1905: Birth of Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor who died on December 21, 1985

kamatari Fujiwara

1923: Birth of Lee Teng-hui, Taiwan’s president from 1988 to 2000

1923: Birth of Rukmani Devi, Sri Lankan Tamil singer and actress who died in a car accident on October 28, 1978

1925: Birth of Liu Binyan, Chinese journalist and novelist who died in exile on December 5, 2005

1934: 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 dead

1935: During the Long March, opening of the Zunyi conference in which Mao Zedong will be elected chairman of the Chinese communist party

1936: Japanese leave the Naval Conference of London

1942: Jawaharlal Nehru succeeds Mohandas K. Gandhi as head of Indian’s National Congress Party

1942 Gandhi and_Nehru

1943: During World War II, the Japanese are driven off Guadalcanal

1943: Birth of Kiki Kirin, Japanese actress

1945: Death of Pedro Abad Santos, Filipino doctor, lawyer, Marxist and politician, leader of the first Philippine communist rebellions from the 1930s to the 1950s, born on January 31, 1876

1949: The Chinese Communist Party forces take over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government

1949: Gen. K.M. Cariappa is appointed as the first Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, succeeding Lieutenant General Sir Roy Bucher. Since celebrated as the Indian Army Day

1949-01-15 General K M Cariappa Army commander

1951: In Korea, United Nations stop the sino-North Korean offensive

1954: Birth of Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer,_Jr.

1956: Birth of Kumari Mayawati, Indian politician, leader of the BSP, chief minister of Uttar Pradesh (2007-2012)

1956: Birth of Miki Fujimura, Japanese singer

1962: Naval incident between Indonesia and Netherland off West New Guinea

1973: Citing progress in peace negociations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive actions in North Vietnam

1976: Tun Hussein bin Onn becomes the third premier minister of Malaysia

1979: Birth of Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor and taichi champ

1982: Birth of Neil Nitin Mukesh, Indian actor

1989: “Private visit” (up to 20 January) of Vietnamese vice-minister of Foreign Affairs Dinh Nho Liem to Beijing. First high level meeting since 1979

1989: Worth railway tragedy in Bangladesh history. 110 are killed and  1,000 wounded

1994: Death of Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati-Indian Author, Poet, Astrologis, born on January 22, 1916

1998: Death of Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian economist and politician, shortly Prime Minister of India, born on July 4, 1898


2002: In the Philippines, at least 32 persons are killed in Jolo while demonstrating for the release of ex-governor Nur Misuari, imprisoned for sedition

2002: The Sri Lankan government lifts all restriction of move of personns and commodities in the aera held by LTTE Tamil separatists

2005: Death of Japanese filmmaker Noriyoshi Matsûra

2006: Yu Shyi-kun, former Taiwan’s Prime Minister and closed to president Chen Shui-bian is elected president of the Democratic Progressist Party, replacing Su Tseng-chang who resigned after the DPP defeat in local elections on 3 December 2005

2007: Abu Sayyaf leader Abu Solaiman is killed in a clash on the island of Jolo

2007: Death of Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat, born on March 24, 1905

2007: In Nepal, opening of the first session of the parliament (Sansad) after king Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev has been ousted. The Maoist communist party has 83 MP among 330

2007: Death of Bo Yibo, Chinese politician, born in February 1908. Father of the jailed CCP Chongqing committee secretary Bo Xilai

2008: In the Philippines, Muslim separatists walk away from the signing of a deal with the government

2009: Leading Indian filmmaker Tapan Sinha dies in the eastern Indian city of Calcutta (Kolkata) at the age of 84

2010: China choses a former soldier as the new governor of Tibet after the previous one resigned unexpectedly. Padma Choling, is an ethnic Tibetan who served 17 years in China’s army before joining the regional government

2013: Death of Gen. Yang Baibing, a military strongman who carried out the violent suppression of student-led protests in Tiananmen Square in 1989 and was later purged because of fears that he was accruing too much power. He was 93

2013: The Pakistani Supreme Court orders the arrest of Raja Pervez Ashraf, the country’s prime minister, in connection with a corruption case relating to contracts for the purchase of rental power plants by the federal government when Ashraf was the federal minister for water and power

2013: Death of Nagasi Oshima, Japanese film-maker, born on March 3, 1932

2014: Death of Namdeo Dhasal, Indian poet and activist, born on Februry 15, 1949

2014: China launches a scathing diplomatic attack against Japan, warning African nations of an impending « resurrection of Japanese militarism » and branding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe a « troublemaker »

2015: Pope Francis arrives in the Philippines for a five-day trip, seen as an effort to reinforce church membership, and highlight the issue of climate change as he meets victims of Typhoon Haiyan that killed thousands in the country in 2013

2018: Philippine news Rappler website’s licence revoked after Duterte threat


Holidays and observances

Army Day (India)

On 14 January in Asian history

1761-01-14 third battle of panipat


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Updated on January 14, 2019

1641: Dutch Indies Company (VOC) takes Melaka (Malacca) from Portuguese, with help from the Sultan of Johore

1641-01-14 Dutch take Malacca

1701: Death of Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord, born in July 1628

1702: Birth of 114th Japanese emperor Nakamikado (1709-1735) who died on May 10, 1737

Emperor Nakamikado

1761: The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas. The Afghan victory changes the course of Indian history

1761-01-14 third battle of panipat

1899: Birth of Carlos Romulo, Filipino diplomat and author who died on December 15, 1985

1905: Birth ofTakeo Fukuda, Prime Minister from December 1976 to December 1978, who died in July 1995. Father of Yasuo Fukuda, also later a Prime Minister

1920: Birth of R. K. Srikantan, Indian singer who died on February 17, 2014

1925: Birth of Japanese author Yukio Mishima who committed suicide on November 25, 1970

1926 : Birth of Mahasweta Devi, Indian writer and social activist who died on 28 July 2016

1928: Birth of Akiyoshi Fukae, Japanese actor

1929: After tribal revolts, Afghan king Amanullah is forced to resign

1937: Death of Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, born on January 30, 1889

1937: Birth of Shoban Babu, Indian actor who died on March 20, 2008

1938: Birth of Morihiro Hosokawa, first non-LDP Japanese Prime Minister since 1955 (1993-1994)

1942: Forces, under US general Douglas MacArthur, resist Japanese attacks on Bataan in Philippines

1942: Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo

1943: Operation Ke, the successful Japanese operation to evacuate their forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal campaign, begins

1950: United States recalls all consular personnel from China (Chinese Communists seized the U.S. consulate in Beijing, culminating a series of anti-American actions, including the arrest and beating of a U.S. vice consul in July 1949, and the nearly two-month arrest and detention of U.S. consul general Angus Ward in October 1949)

1950: Birth of Jagadguru Rāmabhadrācārya, Indian Hindu religious leader

1955: Birth of Junichi Ishida, Japanese actor

1957: Birth of Anchee Min, Chinese writer, painter and photographer

1957: Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher) after giving seven days of speeches before 500 Hindu scholars

1961: Opening of the 9th plenum of the VIIIth Chinese Communist Party Central committee (up to 18). Facing increasing economic difficulties, adoption of a more liberal politics

1966: Indonesia closes its mission at United Nations as it prepares to withdraw from the world organizasion because it opposes the admission of the new Federation of Malaysia

1968: U.S. joint-service Operation Niagara is launched to support the U.S. Marine base at Khe Sanh

1976: Death of illness of Abdul Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia from September 1970

Tunku Abdul Rahman

1980: The United Nations General Assembly demands the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of foreign troops in Afghanistan (Soviet Union)

1980: Indira Gandhi is elected Indian Prime Minister, a position she already had from 1966 to 1977

1985: Hun Sen, 33 years old, is elected prime minister of Cambodia

1990: Death of Mani Madhava Chakyar, Indian scholar, born on February 15, 1899

1994: Japanese police raid two companies suspected of selling electronics to the North Korean missile program

2001: Cambodia’s Senate approves a law to create a tribunal to try Khmer Rouge leaders. A cabinet minister says the court will spare no leader of the murderous regime

2008: Malawi cuts ties with Taiwan

2009: North Korea demands that the United States readjusts its focus in multilateral talks on ending the Communist state’s nuclear weapons program, insisting that it will never give up its nuclear arms before Washington normalizes relations with Pyongyang

The Nepali government and Maoist rebels have struck a deal which will lead to the formation of a new government within three months

2011: Death of Liu Huaqing, Chinese admiral, father of the modernization of the Chinese Navy

2012: Taiwan’s incumbent President Ma Ying-jeou wins a second term in office, promising to further improve ties with neighbouring China

2012: French Foreign Minister Alain Juppé arrives in Burma, the highest-ranking French diplomat to visit the junta-ruled nation, as it launched a limited reform process, whereby hundreds of political prisoners have been freed

2013: Death of Jasuben Shilpi, Indian sculptor, born on December 10, 1948

Jasuben Shilpi

2013: UN urges probe of North Korea rights abuses. Rights chief says as many as 200,000 political prisoners suffer in « atrocious » camps rife with torture and hard labour

2015: Death of Zhang Wannian, Chinese general, born in April 1928

2015: Pope Francis conducts a mass on Colombo’s Galle Face Green before canonising Joseph Vaz, a 17th century missionary who disguised himself as a beggar, in the first papal visit to the island nation in two decades

2017: Death of Chinese linguist Zhou Youguang, who created the writing system that turns Chinese characters into words using letters from the Roman alphabet, he was aged 111

2017: Former Malaysian prime minister Mahathir Mohamad officially launches the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM), pledging to unite the opposition to overthrow Prime Minister Najib Razak’s government ahead of the 14th General Election (GE14)


Holidays and observances

Makar Sankranti (India)

 The first day of Pongal, a Tamil New Year. (Tamil)

On 13 January in Asian history


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Updated on January 13, 2019

5 BC: Birth of Emperor Guangwu of Han, ruler of China who died on March 29, 57

703: Death of Empress Jito of Japan, born in 645

1338: Birth of Jeong Mong-ju, Korean civil minister, diplomat and scholar who died in 1392

1666: French traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier arrives Dhaka and meest the governor Shaista Khan

1842: Dr William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a Garrison in Jalalabad

1849: During the Second Sikh War, battle of Chillianwallah

1849-01-13 Battle of Chillianwallah

1904: Treaty between China and the United States opening the Manchuria ports and the city of Mukden to foreigners

1904: The fourth and final Japanese appeal proposes that Russia concedes influence in Korea while Japan concedes influence in Manchuria, with Russia respecting Chinese territorial integrity in Manchuria – the appeal is regarded by Russia as an ultimatum

1906: Birth of Zhou Youguang, Chinese linguist, father of pinyin, who died on January 14, 2017

Zhou Youguang

1911: Birth of Chinese general Yang Dezhi who died on October 25, 1994

1926: Birth of Shakti Samanta, Indian director and producer who died on April 9, 2009

1932: Birth of Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, bishop of Hong Kong from 2002 to 2009

1933: US Congress declares to be for the independence of Philippines despite a veto of President Herbert Hoover

1938: Birth of Shivkumar Sharma, Indian santoor player and composer

1941: Ye Ting, the commander of the New Fourth Army of the Communist Party of China, which is surrounded by Kuomintang forces is arrested has he goes to the nationalist forces headquarter to negociate

1946: The Committee of Three (USA, nationalists and communists) sign an agreement for a cease-fire and a reorganization of the Chinese forces integrating the communist forces

1948: Birth of Gaj Singh, Maharaja of  Jodhpur

1949: Birth of Rakesh Sharma, first Indian and 138th man to visit space

 1950: Soviet resolution to grant the P.R.C. admission to the United Nations is defeated.The U.S.S.R. delegate stages a second walkout, announcing a Soviet boycott of the Security Council until it ousts the Nationalist Chinese delegate and seats Beijing

1951: Communist forces attack the French fortified defensive line around the Red River Delta (De Lattre Line) at Vinh-Yen, in an attempt to reach Hanoi (French victory on January 17)


1953: Norodom Sihanouk dissolves Cambodia National Assembly

1962: First Operation Farm Gate missions flown

1962-01-13 Farm Gate

1964: Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people

1968: Birth of Chara, Japanese singer and actress

1972: Nixon announces additional troop withdrawals from Vietnam

1972: Birth of Park Jin-Young, Korean singer

1973: Birth of Gloria Yip, Hong Kong actress and singer,afr.html

1975: First meeting of the China’s National people’s Congress since ten years. Amendment of the 1954 constitution

1975: Sultan Kudarat (1581-1671) of Mindanao, is hailed as national hero of the Filipino people

1976: Japan says it is ready to sign a peace treaty with China

1978:  Birth of Ashmit Patel, Indian actor

1983: Birth of Imran Khan, Indian actor

1984: Birth of Aya Hirayama, Japanese actress

1985: Madan Puri, Hindi and Punjabi film actor, passed away. Born in 1915

1988: Death of Taiwanese president Chiang Ching-kuo. Lee Teng-hui becomes the first native taiwanese president

1992: Japan apologizes for forcing tens of thousands of Korean women to serve as sex slaves for Japanese soldiers during World War II

2008: Manmohan Singh is doing the first Indian Prime Minister visit to China since five years

2012: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announces that Washington will start the process of exchanging ambassadors with Burma

2012: Hundreds of political detainees are freed from jails across Burma in the latest move by the government to introduce reforms

2013: Death of Balagangadharanatha Swamiji, Indian religious leader, born on January 15, 1945

2014: Death of Anjali Devi, Indian actress and producer, born on August 24, 1927

2015: In the first visit papal visit to Sri Lanka in more than 20 years, Pope Francis calls on the country to do more to seek the truth about its years of civil war

2015: Indian Lt Gen JFR Jacob, 1971 Bangladesh war hero passes away

On 12 January in Asian history

1945-01-12 Operation Gratitude


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Updated on January 12, 2019

1528: Birth of Chinese general Qi Jiguang

1554: Bayinnaung, who would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, is crowned King of Burma

1863: Birth of Swami Vivekananda, Indian philosopher who died on July 4, 1902

1875: After the death of Emperor Tongzhi (1861-1875). Guangxu, born in on August 14, 1871, is chosed to become the new emperor of China Qing Dynasty

1889: Birth of Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, Indian-Pakistani spiritual leader who died on November 7, 1965

Hadhrat Mirza Bashir ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad

1898: Ito Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan

1906: Birth of Cai Chusheng, Chinese film director who died on July 15, 1968

1911: The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established. Three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees

1917: Birth of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian spiritualist who died on May 2, 2008

1922: Beginning of the Hong Kong Seamen’s Strike (up to March)

1933: The US Congress recognize the independence of the Philippines

1934: Surya Sen, Indian educator and independence activist is hanged by the British. Born on March 22, 1894

Surya Sen

1935: Birth of Tomiko Ishii, Japanese actress

1936: Birth of Brajanath Ratha, Indian poet who died on May 31, 2014

Brajanath Ratha

1938: Birth of Qazi Hussain Ahmad, Pakistani scholar and hard-liner politician who died on January 6, 2013

1945: US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle Gratitude off the cost of Vietnam

1945-01-12 Operation Gratitude

1948: In India, Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast aiming a national reconciliation (up to 18)

1948-01-12 Gandhi last fasting

1949: Birth of Haruki Murakami, popular Japanese writer

1949: Birth of Moon Kook-hyun, South Korean politician

1949: Birth of Kentaro Haneda, Japanese composer who died on June 2, 2007

1949: Birth of Wayne Wang, Hong Kong-born American film director

1954: Bao Dai appoints Prince Buu Loc as Prime Minister of Viet Nam. Buu Loc had previously served as Vietnamese High Commissioner in Paris

prince Buu Loc 1954

1962: During the Vietnam War, by the Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in the war, takes place–america-begins-first-combat-operation-in-vietnam-war-153329849.html

1962-01-12 Operation Chopper

1962: The United States Air Force launches Operation Ranch Hand, a « modern technological area-denial technique » designed to expose the roads and trails used by the Viet Cong

1966: President Lyndon B. Johnson states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there is ended, while Moscow gives its full support to Hanoi and the National Liberation Front

1968: Birth of Junichi Masuda, Japanese composer

1972: Birth of Priyanka Gandhi, daughter of former Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi

1972: Mujibur Rahman gives up his president charge to be head of the government in the frame of the parliamentary political system in Bangladesh

1978: Birth of Kim Sa-rang, Korean actress, Miss Korea 2001

1979: The Vietnamese install the new People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK)

1979: Birth of Lee Bo-young, South Korean actress and model

1988: In China, State enterprises get their autonomy

1991: Death of Keye Luke, Chinese-American actor, born on June 18, 1904

1995: Pope John Paul II begins visit to SE Asia

2000: China for the first time sends a civil police in an United Nations peacekeeping mission (In Timor, up to 2006)

2000 Police à Timor

2001: Anson Chan, Chief secretary of Hong Kong administration, resigns because she disagrees with Tung Chee-hwa, Chief executive selected by Beijing

2002: In Pakistan, the president, General Musharraf  bans Kashmir Islamist separatist parties Jah-e-Muhammed and Lashkar-e-Tayaba, accused by New Delhi to be responsible of 13 December 2001 attack on Indian parliament

2003: Death of Kinji Fukasaku, Japanese director, born on July 3, 1930

2005: Death of Amrish Puri, Indian actor,born on June 22, 1932

2008: In Taiwan KMT win landslise victory and Chen Shui-bian resigns as PDP chairman

2011: Vietnam Communist Party congress gets underway. More than 1,400 delegates will decide new five-year plans and pick new leadership. Human rights groups complain about the arrest of dissidents and the blockage of websites,-Vietnam-Communist-Party-congress-gets-underway-20486.html

2012: Myanmar’s government and one of the country’s most prominent ethnic rebel groups, the Karen National Union (KNU), sign a ceasefire after decades of civil conflict

2012: Forty years after liberation, former Jamaat-e-Islami ameer Ghulam Azam was sent to jail yesterday on charges of committing crimes against humanity and peace, genocide and war crimes in 1971.

2014: Sheikh Hasina is sworn in for a third spell as Bangladesh’s prime minister after a deadly general election boycotted by the opposition amid an ongoing political crisis

2015: Afghan President Ashraf Ghani’s office announces nominees for the country’s cabinet after months of delays following a disputed election.

2017: Taiwan says Nigeria wants it to move its trade office from Abuja


Holidays and observances

National Youth Day (India)

On 11 January in Asian history

1943-01-11 GB Extraterritorialité


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Updated on January 11, 2019

782: Death of Kōnin, emperor of Japan, born on November 18, 709

1322: Birth of Japanese emperor Komyo (1336-1348) who died on July 26, 1380

1359: Birth of Japanese Emperor Go-En’yu (1371-1382) who died on June 6, 1393

1779: Ching-Thang Khomba (Rajarshi Bhagya) is re-coronated king of Manipur

Ching Thang Khomba 1851: Hong Xiuquan, leader of the Taiping, proclaims himself “Celest king of the Great Peace (Taiping)”

1868: Birth of Cai Yuanpei (Tsai Yuan-pei), Chinese educator who was the first president of the Academia Sinica, who died on March 5, 1940

1894: The Tonghak peasant army defeat the Korean army and the government asks China for military support

1897, the so-called Filipino « Thirteen Martyrs of Bagumbayan » are executed

1901: Birth of Kwon Ki-ok, the first Korean female aviator, as well as being the first female pilot in China, who died in April 1988

1902: Birth of Atang de la Rama Filipino actress who died on July 11, 1991

1911: Birth of Zenko Suzuki, Japanese Prime Minister (1980-1982) who died on July 19, 2004

1914: Yuan Shikai, president of the Republic of China seizes all power

1942: Japan declares war on the Netherlands while invading the Netherlands East Indies

1942: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur (Malaya)

1943: US and Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China

1943-01-11 GB Extraterritorialité

1944: Birth of Shibu Soren, Indian politician, president of JMM political party, condemned for murder in December 2006, then acquitted in August 2007

1954: Birth of Kailash Satyarthi, Indian engineer, academic, and activist, 2014 Peace Nobel Prize laureate

Kailash Satyarthi

1956: Vietnamese president  Diem publishes a decree aiming to quell any opposition to his politics

1964: Sukarno and Macapagal relaunch the idea of Maphilindo, a regional association including Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia

1964-01-11 Mapilindo

1965: Major cities, especially Saigon and Hue, and much of central Vietnam are disrupted by demonstrations and strikes led by Buddhists

1966: Death of Lal Bahadur Shasri, second Indian Prime Minister, of heart attack, just after signing the Tashkent join declaration with Pakistani counterpart Ayub Khan

1970: Birth of Joy Nilo, Filipino Composer

1972: East Pakistan rename itself Bangladesh

1974: Beijing denounces the occupation of Paracel islands by South Vietnam

1978: Death of Ibne Insha, Pakistani humorist and Urdu poet

1982:-Deng Xiaoping for the first time proposes the concept of « one country, two systems » for Hong Kong and Macau,_two_systems

1982: Birth of Son Ye-jin, South Korean actress

1983: Yasuhiro Nakasone is the first Japanese Prime Minister to go to South Korea since WWII

1985: Birth of Rie fu, Japanese singer

1991: Birth of Hyolyn, South Korean singer and actress

1996: Ryutaro Ashimoto becomes Japanese Prime Minister, replacing Tomiichi Murayama, through July 1998

2007: Bangladeshi President  Iajuddin Ahmed leaves as interim Prime Minister. Fakhruddin Ahmed is sworn in as chief adviser of the caretaker government. Emergency law is declared

2007: China conducts the first successful anti-satellite missile test of any nation since 1985

2009: Thailand : By-elections for a total of 29 new MPs tilted in favor of the Democrat-led coalition government, which won 19 more House seats while opposition Pheu Thai and Pracharaj parties got just 10. As a result, the government’s majority was boosted to 255 from 236 compared to the opposition’s 205 MPs, up from 195

2013: Death of Nguyen Khanh, Vietnamese general and politician, 3rd President of South Vietnam, born on November 8, 1927

Nguyen Khanh

2014: Actress Keiko Awaji, known for her role as the girlfriend of a U.S. Navy airman in the 1954 Hollywood movie “The Bridges at Toko-Ri” about the Korean War, dies of esophageal cancer. She was 80

2014: The Philippines and Vietnam condemn a new Chinese law that requires foreign fishermen to seek Beijing’s approval to operate in much of the South China Sea, but China’s Foreign Ministry insisted it has the right do so.

2014: Death of Muhammad Habibur Rahman, Indian-Bangladeshi jurist and politician, shortly caretaker Prime Minister of Bangladesh in 1996, born on December 3, 1928

2015: Death of Chashi Nazrul Islam, Bangladeshi director and producer, born on October 23, 1941

2016: Representatives from Pakistan, the USA, China and Afghanistan have met in Islamabad to discuss plans for peace negotiations with the Taliban. The Taliban, however, are not participating in the talks

2017: China issues a white paper on policies related to Asia-Pacific security cooperation, which also clarified the nation’s stance on issues of regional concern


Holidays and observances

Kagami Biraki (Japan)

On 10 January in Asian history

1963-01 Bandaranaike et Mao


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Updated on January 10, 2019

9: The Western Han Dynasty ends when Wang Mang claims that the divine Mandate of Heaven called for the end of the dynasty and the beginning of his own, the Xin Dynasty

1692: Death of Job Charnock, a servant and administrator of the English East India Company, traditionally regarded as the founder of the city of Calcutta, born in 1630

1911: Birth of Binod Bihari Chowdhury, Bangladeshi activist, who died on April 10, 2013

1914: Yuan Shikai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor

Yuan Shika 2i

1914: Birth of Yu Kuo-hwa, Taiwan’s Prime Minister (1984-1989) who died on October 4, 2000

1930 : Birth of Basu Chatterjee, Indian film director

1940: Birth of K.J. Yesudas, Indian playback singer and classical musician

1942: Japanese begin invasion of Indonesia in Kalimantan (Tarakan) and Sulawesi (Manado)

1946: In China, the Consultative political Council (Guomindang) decides to convene a National assembly

1946: A truce is reached between Chinese Communists and Nationalists, but fighting soon resumes

1949: Birth of Allu Aravind, Indian film Producer

1949: During the Chinese civil war, end of the decisive Huaihai Campaign (淮海戰役) or Battle of Xu-Beng) It was one of the few conventional battles of the war. 550,000 troops of the Republic of China were surrounded and destroyed by the communist People’s Liberation Army
  1949-01-10 Fin Huaihai campaign

1951: Death of Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist, born on December 6, 1890

1963: Sri Lanka Premier,  Ms Bandaranaike, in China up to January 15, in charge of a good-will mission between India and China

1963-01 Bandaranaike et Mao

1966: Indian Premier Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, sign the Tashkent Declaration to bring peace between their two countries after the cease-fire signed on 23 September 1965

1966: Birth of Murali Nair, Indian film director

1972: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman comes back to Dakha and becomes head of the government

1974: Birth of Hrithik Roshan, Indian actor

1974: Birth of Akari Kaida, Japanese composer

1981: Birth of Brian Joo, Korean-American singer

1984: Benazir Bhutto, the leader of the Pakistan People’s Party, is freed from prison by the nation’s military leader, General Mohammed Zia-ul-Haq. Bhutto is the daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the former prime minister of Pakistan who was executed after General Zia took power in a military coup in 1977

1984: Death of Prince Souvanna Phouma, four times Laotian Prime Minister between 1951 and 1975, born on October 7, 1901

1990: China lift martial law imposed after Tian’anmen Square massacre

1991: Japan ends routine fingerprinting of all adult ethnic Koreans

1995: The world Youth Day is held in the Philippines

1997: Tamil rebels attack a military base in Sri Lanka. 200 soldiers and 140 rebels are killed

2003: North Korea accuses the United States of provocation and announces its withdrawal from Nuclear nonproliferation treaty, while US senator Bill Richardson is in Pongyang for talks

2004: A « private » US members of Congress delegation is visiting North Korean nuclear installations

2006: Kim Jong Il starts a week-long secret visit in China

2008: After serious setbacks in recent months, LTTE said they are prepared to fully implement the terms of 2002 ceasefire

2011: South Korean and Japanese defense ministers agreed to “expand and deepen” bilateral military cooperation during talks in Seoul on Monday, amid heightened tensions following a series of deadly North Korean attacks last year

2011: Death of Vivek Shauq, Indian actor, born on June 21, 1963

2014: The Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission – known locally as the KPK – arrested Anas Urbaningrum, former chairman of Yudhoyono’s Democratic Party, on bribery charges in a US$205 million (S$260 million) graft scandal surrounding the construction of a sports stadium in Hambalang in West Java province

2016: Thousands of people in Hong Kong attend a protest rally following the disappearance of five booksellers from a shop known for selling works critical of China

2017: New Thai King requests constitutional changes to ‘ensure his royal powers’

On 9 January in Asian history


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Updated on January 9, 2019

727: Birth of Dai Zong, Chinese emperor who died on May 23, 779

1127: Invading Jurchen soldiers from the Jin Dynasty besiege and sack Bianjing (Kaifeng), the capital of the Song Dynasty of China, and abduct Emperor Qinzong and others, ending the Northern Song Dynasty

1150: Chinese Emperor Xizong of Jin is murdered by Prince Hailing in a coup d’état

1283: Song Prime Minister Wen Tianxiang, prisoner of the Yuan for four years is executed

1562: Death of Amago Haruhisa, Japanese warlord, born on March 4, 1514

1624: Birth of Empress Meisho, 109th emperor of Japan (1629-1643) and the seventh woman to ascend the Chrysanthemum Throne, who died in December 1696

1760: Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat

1779: The British troops meet a large Maratha army at Talegaon and are defeated. This shattered the prestige of the British so low that they had to enter into a humiliating Treaty of Wadgaon by which the British had to surrender all the territories acquired by the Company since 1773

1920: Birth of Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist who died in October 1988

1927: Birth of Sunderlal Bahuguna, Indian environmentalist

1934: Birth of Mahendra Kapoor, Indian singer, who died on September 27, 2008

1945: US forces land on Luzon island (Philippines) with 67,000 soldiers‘mcarthur-landed-first-in-lingayen-not-dagupan’-fmr-gov-estrella/

1957: Indonesian political party Masjumi withdraws from the government, causing the governing coalition to collapse

1965: Birth of Farah Khan, Indian film director and choreographer

1972: Death of Chinese architect Liang Sicheng, born on April 20, 1901

1972: RMS Queen Elisabeth is destroyed by fire in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong

1974: Birth of Farhan Akhtar, Indian Bollywood director, actor, producer, singer

1976: Birth of Raghava Lawrence, Indian actor

1983: Birth of Sharad Malhotra, Indian television actor

1987: Chinese/Vietnamese border fights. 1500 Chinese killed according Vietnamese medias

1987: Birth of Mao Inoue, Japanese actress

1988: Death of Jukichi Uno, Japanese actor born on 27 September 1914

1989: First visit (up to 20) by a Thai Foreign minister to Vietnam since 1976

1990: Birth of Melissa Ricks, Filipina actress

1993: First meeting of Myanmar National Convention in charge of writing a new constitution

1995: Death of Souvine Souphanouvong, President of Laos (1975-1986), born on  July 13, 1909

1997: General Ershad, President of Bangladesh from 1982 to 1990, in jail for corruption since 1991 is freed

1998: Death of Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate, born on October 4, 1918

1998: Death of Charito Solis, Filipino  actress, born on October 6, 1935

2001: Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft is launched with a monkey, a dog and a rabbit on board

Shenzhou 2

2002: Chinese philosopher Wang Ruoshui dies in Boston. A firm believer in communism, he spaced out Mao Zedong during the Cultural revolution and expelled from the Communist party in 1987

2004: Death of Nissim Ezekiel, Indian Jewish poet and critic, born on December 16, 1924

2009: The Sri Lankan army captures Elephant Pass, the strategic causeway linking the Jaffna peninsula with the mainland

2010: In China, Dhondup Wangchen, a Tibetan film-maker, is sentenced to six years in prison by Chinese authorities. The director was arrested in March for a documentary about ordinary Tibetan’s grievances with China

2012: Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim is acquitted in a surprise end to a politically charged sodomy trial

2013: Death of Anscar Chupungco, Filipino monk and theologian, born on November 10, 1939

Anscar Chupungco

2013: Vietnam convicts 14 activists of ‘anti-state plot’ Thirteen were jailed for between three and 13 years, while one received a suspended sentence. Most are Catholics, and they include bloggers and students

2014: More than a hundred agents are « intercepting, harassing and intimidating » monks, nuns and ordinary members of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam, denying access to the Long Quang Pagoda in Hue. Those who are arrested have come from various parts of the country to join the celebration

2014: China has taken its feud with Japan to the UN, questioning Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s « erroneous outlook » on history after he visited a shrine commemorating former leaders convicted as war criminals

2015: In Sri-Lanka, new President Maithripala Sirisena and his new Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe both took the oath of office in Colombo’s Independence Square on Friday hours after Rajapakse conceded defeat, in what is being touted as one of the most peaceful in the island’s history

2015: In Malaysia, death of former Yang di-Pertua Negeri Tun Abdul Rahman Yaakub, born on January 3, 1928. The 88 year old, held office as the fourth head of state between April 2, 1981 and April 2, 1985

2016: Visiting Japan, the prime minister of the Tibetan government in exile, Lobsang Sangay, calls on China to resume dialogue with envoys of Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama

2017: Pakistan completes nuclear triad, launches missile Babur-3 from submarine, giving the country a credible second strike capability


Holidays and observances

Philippines: Black Nazarene (Manila)

On 8 January in Asian history


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Updated on January 8, 2019

307: Jin Huidi, Chinese Emperor of the Jin Dynasty, is poisoned and succeeded by his son Jin Huaidi

647: Death of Seon Deok, Qeen of Silla kingdom (Korea), born in 606

1037: Birth of Chinese poet Su Shi who died on August 24, 1101

1556: Birth of Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord who died on April 19, 1623

1761: In India, the French garrison surrenders Pondichery to the British. Next February, Mahe will also do it

1781: Birth of Chinese national hero Admiral Guan Tianpei who during the Opium War died in a battle on February 26, 1841

1884: Death of Keshub Death of Chandra Sen, social reformer and philosopher, born on November 19, 1838

1899: Birth of Solomon Bandaranaike, fourth Ceylon’s Prime minister (1956-1959), assassinated by a buddhist monk on September 26, 1959

S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike

1902: In China, after the international expedition, imperial court comes back to the Fobidden City and empress Cixi retakes the power

1909: Birth of Ashapoorna Devi, Indian author and poet who died on January 13, 1995

1912: Birth of Susumu Fujita, Japanese actor who died on March 23, 1991

1912: Birth of Tadashi Imai, Japanese film director who died on November 12, 1991

1925: Birth of Mohan Rakesh, Indian author who died on January 3, 1972

1926: Birth of Kelucharan Mohapatra, Indian odessi dancer who died in April 2004

1929: Birth of Kotoe Hatsui, Japanese actress who died on September 21, 1990

Matsui Kotoe

1929: Birth of Saeed Jaffrey, Indian actor

1933: Birth of Ko Un, Korean poet

1939: Birth of Nanda, Indian actress who died on March 25 2014

1942: Birth of Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese Prime Minister (2001-2006)

1942: The Philippine Executive Commission, headed by Jorge B. Varga (seen here with Lt. Gen. Masaharu Homma), is organized by the Japanese Military Administration and the Kalibapi founded

1942-01-08 Philippine Executive Commission

1945: Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army units enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Japanese Imperial forces

1947: General Marshall named state secretary leaves China

1947: The State Department declares that it will approve arm sales to France, except for use in Indochina

1949: Death in prison of Japanese general Umezu Yoshijiro who signed the official surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945

1967: In Vietnam war, Operation Cedar Falls is launched

1972: Freed by the Pakistani authorities under international community pressure, Mujibur Rahman, leader of Bangladesh, leave for London where he demands that his new State of Bangladesh to be recognized

1973: Vietnam peace talks resume in Paris

1974: The Khmer rouge intensify their pressure on Phnom Penh by attacks on North and South of the Cambodian capital

1975: Deng Xiaoping, with the help of Zhou Enlai recovers his positions before to be demoted again after Zhou death

1975: Birth of Harris Jayaraj, Indian music composer

1976: Death of Zhou Enlai, Chinese Prime Minister since 1949

1977: Just one year after the death of Zhou Enlai, huge demonstrations in Beijing which will continue up to 16 January. The demonstrators demand the Deng Xiaoping return to power

1977: Birth of Lee Yoo-jin (Yu-jin), Korean actress

1979: After the Vietnamese troops have taken Phom Penh, Khmer Rouge are retreating

1982: Birth of Kim Jong-un, youngest son of Kim Jong-il and current leader of North Korea

1989: Beginning of the Japanese Heise era (the current Japanese emperor)

1991: Birth of Asuka Hinoi, Japanese singer

1992: George Bush gets ill and vomits on Japanese prime minister Miichi Miyazawa’s lap

1997: In New York, Ramzi Ahmed Yussef is condemned to life for the organization of the February 1993 attack on the World Trade Center

2002: Abolition of death penalty in Taiwan. The last ten years, 176 Taiwanese have been executed, 39 of them for kidnapping

2008: The president of the Maldives, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, escapes unhurt after an attempted knife attack

2008: Sri Lankan minister for nation-building  DM Dassanake dies in blast

2015: Sri Lanka goes to the polls in its tightest election in decades, with its strongman president battling for survival after accusations of corruption and a failure to bring about national reconciliation

2017: Taiwanese president heads to Central America without holding any meetings with Trump and his team during stopover in Houston

2017: A South Korean monk set himself on fire to protest the government’s deal with Japan on compensation for wartime sex slaves


Holidays and observances

North Korea: Kim Jong-un’s Birthday

On 7 January in Asian history

1979-01-07 Viet prennent Phom Penh


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Updated on January 7, 2019

672: Death of Tenji, Japanese emperor, born in 626

889: Birth of Li Bian, emperor of Southern Tang who died on March 30, 943

1761: Afghans defeat Mahrattas at Paniput in India

1841: Second Battle of Chuenpee between British and Chinese forces during the First Opium War. The British capture the forts on the islands of Chuenpee and Tycocktow

1841-01-07 Battle of Chuenpee

1864: Birth of Seo Jae-pil, Korea’s independence activists, journalist who died on January 5, 1951

1901: General Arthur MacArthur orders the deportation of leaders of the Philippine Revolution to Guam

1906: End of the first Katsura Taro’s Japanese government

1926:  Birth of Kim Jong-pil, South Korean politician, twice prime minister of South Korea

1933: The Chinese Communist Party Provisional Central leadership move from the dangerous Shanghai to the Revolutionary base of Ruijin in Jiangxi

Ruijin revolutionary memorial

1937: Birth of Tang Chia, Chinese martial art choreographer and movie director

1938: Birth of Shohei Yamamoto, Japanese actor

Shohei Yamamoto

1942: Japan begins successful siege of Bataan Peninsula during World War II, routing American and Philippine troops on April 9

1944: Birth of Hideko Yoshida, Japanese actress

1946: France recognizes Cambodia autonomy in the frame of the French Union

1947: Birth of Shobha De, Indian writer

1948: Birth of Ichiro Mizuki, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor


1950: Ceylan (Sri Lanka) recognizes the People’s Republic of China

1950: Birth of Johnny Lever, Indian actor

1952: Birth of Sammo Hung, Hong Kong actor

1957: Birth of Reena Roy, Indian actress

1961: Birth of Supriya Pathak, Indian actress

1962: Assassination attempt on Indonesian president Sukarno, fails

1965: Civilian government is restored in Saigon

1966: Death of Bimal Roy, Indian film director, born on July 12, 1909

1967: Fighting is reported between Chinese Red Guards and workers in Nanjing

1970: The Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969 comes into effect,_1969

1971 : Pakistan President Yahya Khan announces the formation of a coalition government with Nurul Amin as Prime Minister and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as Deputy Prime Minister.

1973: Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos suspends scheduled plebiscite on new constitution, saying his country is slipping back into subversion and corruption

1975: For the first time, the Vietnamese communist forces take the administrative center of a province (Phuoc-Binh, 125 km North of Saigon)

1979: Fall of Phnom-Penh, attacked by invading Vietnamese force. Fall of Pol Pot Khmer Rouge regime

1979-01-07 Viet prennent Phom Penh
1979: Birth of Bipasha Basu, Indian model

1984: After getting its independence from Britain, Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

1985: The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency launches Sakigake, Japan’s first interplanetary spacecraft and the first deep space probe to be launched by any country other than the United States or the Soviet Union.


1986: The National Assembly of the People’s Republic of Kampuchea ratifies the border treaty signes with Vietnam on December 27, 1985

1989: Death of Japanese Emperor Hirohito (Showa). He is succeeded by his son Akihito

Hirohito 2

1994: Death of Phoumi Vongvichit, President of Laos from 1986 to 1991

1996: Death of Taro Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist, born in February 1911

1997: Birth of Ayumi Ishida, Japanese singer

2000: News agencies unveil that the 17th Karmapa, Orgyen Trinley Dorje, 15 years old, leader of one of the most important buddhist school in Tibet has fled to India and arrived on January 5

2001: US Foreign Affairs magazine publishes extracts of “The Tiananmen Papers” on who, in the tops China leaders wanted, and the ones who din’t want troop to crush the students movement on Tiananmen square

2002: Extradition, from  Malaysia where he fled, of Nur Misuari, ex-governor of the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), who tried an armed riot
Nur Misuari

2009: Tens of thousands of Cambodians have packed into a stadium in Phnom Penh to mark the 30th anniversary of the fall of the murderous Khmer Rouge

2011: Prime Minister of Pakistan Yousuf Raza Gilani wins back majority in the parliament as Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) announced to rejoin coalition government but not the federal cabinet

2013: Protesters in China call for press freedom. The protesters gathered outside the office of Southern Weekly in Guangzhou, calling for media freedom, a taboo subject in the country, holding banners and chanting slogans,-journalists-revolt-terrorizes-Party-26793.html

2014: Death of Run Run Shaw, a pioneering Hong Kong media mogul whose studio helped to bring kung fu movies to the wider world. He was 106

2016: Death of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, Indian Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister and prominent Muslim politician


Holidays and observances

Cambodia: Victory from Genocide Day