Category Archives: ON THIS DAY IN ASIAN HISTORY

On 25 March in Asian history

1975-03-25 Prise de Hué

ON 25 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet, type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 25, 2019

1603: Death of Ikoma Chikamasa, Japanese warlord, born in 1526
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikoma_Chikamasa

1868: For the second time in history, the Japanese emperor appears in public

1869: The Naval Battle of Miyako Bay, a naval action during the Boshin War on 1869-05-06 (March 25 by the lunar calendar)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naval_Battle_of_Miyako_Bay

1874: Birth of Sunjong, last emperor of Korea (1907-1910) who died on 24 April 1926 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Sunjong_of_the_Korean_Empire

1887: Birth of Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo who committed suicide on July 6, 1944
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=11

1905: As war is won by Japan, Russia receives Japan’s terms for peace. A treaty will be signed on September 5th
https://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/c1900s/yr00/frussojapanese1904.htm

1916: Birth of S. M. Pandit, Indian painter and educator who died on March 30, 1993
http://smpanditji.blogspot.fr/
http://www.indiaart.com/old-masters/S-M-Pandit/Info-of-S-M-Pandit.asp
http://www.saffronart.com/sitepages/ArticleDetails.aspx?Articleid=86&PageNo=1

S. M. Pandit 2

1924: Birth of Machiko Kyô, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machiko_Ky%C5%8D

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qAsZyJo3_M0&feature=related

1936 : President Quezon issued EO No. 23 which prescribes the specifications of the Philippines national flag
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1038/today-in-philippine-history-march-25-1936-president-quezon-issued-eo-no-23-which-prescribed-the-specifications-of-the-national-flag

1947: Netherlands government finally ratifies 1946 November 11, Linggadjati agreement by which Netherlands recognize the authority of the Republic of Indonesia on a part of the Netherland Indies
http://www.houseofdavid.ca/linggadjati.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YGpONJ49nfY&feature=youtu.be&t=70

1947: The Taiwanese painter Chen Cheng-po is shot dead in public by the KMT military, born on February 2, 1895
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Cheng-po
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Chen+Cheng-po&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=NdttT4WtOcO2hQft5eWZBw&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBIQ_AUoAQ&biw=1249&bih=569

1948: Birth of Farooq Sheikh, Indian actor who died on December 27, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farooq_Sheikh
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/farooq-sheikh/biography.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/25-march-1948-farooq-sheikh-indian-actor-was-born

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-gxNpvcEME

1953: Burma call on United Nations to get the withdrawal of the remaining Kuomintang soldiers on its soil
http://www.akha.org/content/drugwar/mccoy/29.htm
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&ved=0ahUKEwiIwuvw8dnLAhWCQxoKHQeWA7sQFgg0MAM&url=http%3A%2F%2Fweb.stanford.edu%2Fgroup%2Ftomzgroup%2Fpmwiki%2Fuploads%2F2018-1963-Johnstone-a-TKJ.pdf&usg=AFQjCNEli-3ycTpV2sE6SRStZlpQKuST7g&sig2=DCmjdAmjRtdXUoPL__n61Q

1955: Death of Chinese painter Huang Binhong, born on January 27, 1865
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Huang-Binhong
http://www.chinaonlinemuseum.com/painting-huang-binhong.php

Huang Binhong landscape

1958: Birth of Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician and television commentator
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sisy_Chen

1960: Birth of Idy Chan Yuk-lin, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idy_Chan
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=498

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clSjfTythOg

1969: South Vietnam government says that it is ready to have talks with the communist National Liberation Front

1969: Pakistan President Ayub Khan resigns and hands over the power to the commander-in-chief, General Muhammad Yahya Khan who declares Martial Law the following day
https://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft9j49p32d&chunk.id=s1.7.18&toc.id=ch5&brand=ucpress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayub_Khan_(President_of_Pakistan)
https://www.dawn.com/news/1128832

1971: Beginning of Operation Searchlight by Pakistan forces against East Pakistani civilians in West part of Pakistan
http://bangladeshcontinual.blogspot.fr/2011/03/operation-searchlight-dark-night-of.html
http://www.genocidebangladesh.org/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgCSesSok_Q

1971: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam abandon an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ho_Chi_Minh_trail

1971: Foundation of Mukti Bahini (Liberation Army or Freedom Fighters) in East Pakistan to fight West Pakistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukti_Bahini
http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Mukti_Bahini

1975: South Vietnamese troops lose the former imperial city of Hue
http://www.vietnamwar.net/HueBattle.htm

1975-03-25 Prise de Hué

1976: Birth of Cha Tae-hyun, South Korean actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cha_Tae-hyun
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Cha_Tae-hyeon.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nJ5xC25i8Q

1976: Birth of Gigi Leung, Hong Kong singer and actress
http://yummycelebrities.com/2005/09/14/gigi-leung/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ibSxkpELfk&feature=fvst

1976: Birth of Baek Ji-Young, South Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baek_Ji_Young

1977: In India, Morarji Desai, 81, forms the first non Congress Party government including all the parties of the victorious coalition (up to 1979)
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/morarji-desai-biography.html

1979: Birth of Natasha Yi, Korean-American supermodel
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natasha_Yi

http://www.natashayionline.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0XfS9FmJyA

1980: Birth of Carrie Lam, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrie_Lam
http://www.pbase.com/pcwing/carrie_lam

1981: In South Korea, General Chun Doo-hwan wins the legislative elections
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korean_legislative_election,_1981
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=6&ved=0ahUKEwjM4sy199nLAhVI1RoKHZZDAUcQFghDMAU&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ipu.org%2Fparline-e%2Freports%2Farc%2FREPUBLIC_OF_KOREA_1981_E.PDF&usg=AFQjCNHGer9UEkAlF9Q0MojSdFbvPVqeoQ&sig2=J6CBccU4Y0-f5CC3zIDqiw

1986 : Cory Aquino issues Proclamation No. 3 establishing a revolutionary government
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/2074/today-in-philippine-history-march-25-1986-cory-issued-proclamation-no-3-establishing-a-revolutionary-government

1994: Cambodian rebels captured the former Khmer Rouge stronghold of Pailin and will become the capital of the non recognised Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia
http://www.tourismcambodia.com/travelguides/provinces/pailin.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Government_of_National_Union_and_National_Salvation_of_Cambodia

1997: Anti-Chinese Incidents in Pekalongan (Java). 60 shops are set on fire

2000: After five days in India, US president Bill Clinton makes a few hours stop over in Islamabad where he criticizes the Pakistan Policy

2002: Successful launch of « Shenzhou III Chinese spacecraft
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1894507.stm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenzhou_3

2005: The USA announces that it will resume the delivery of F-16 warplanes to Pakistan as a reward for the contribution of Islamad in the fight against terrorism. Washington had stop the delivering since 1990 in retaliation against the Pakistan nuclear program

2007: Donald Tsang is reelected Chief of the Executive of Hong Kong with 649 (84 %) of the 800 Great Electors. Alan Leong, the first Democrat authorized to run, gets 123 votes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Chief_Executive_election,_2007

2009: Death of Kosuke Koyama, Japanese theologian, born on December 10, 1929
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosuke_Koyama
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/01/world/asia/01koyama.html

2009: In India, Sister Prema, whose name means love, is the new superior of the Sisters of Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/Sister-Prema-takes-charge/article16649924.ece
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=14834&size=A

2010: Osama bin Laden has in a new audio recording threatened to kill any Americans that al-Qaeda takes prisoner if Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, considered as one of the masterminds behind the September 11 attacks, is executed
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/03/2010325115814216818.html


2012: An election committee of about 1,200 Hong Kong notables picks Beijing-loyalist Leung Chun-ying as the city’s next leader

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-17503171
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_Chief_Executive_election,_2012

2013: Last US-controlled prison handed over in Afghanistan. The transfer of Parwan Detention Facility to the Afghan government ends a bitter chapter in relations between the two countries
http://www.euronews.com/2013/03/25/last-us-controlled-prison-handed-over-in-afghanistan/

 

On 24 March in Asian history

ON 24 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 24, 2019

1022: Coronation of Renzong, 4th emperor of the Song dynasty from 1022 to 1063
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Renzong_of_Song

1103: Birth of the Southern Song dynasty national hero general Yuefei, wrongly put to death on January 27, 1142
http://www.shenyun.com/learn/article/read/item/MzUnKWQT8Cg/the-great-general-yue-fei.html
http://www.chinaheritagequarterly.org/features.php?searchterm=028_yuefei.inc&issue=028
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2824.html

1401: Mongol Timur (Tamerlan the Great) sacks Damascus
http://www.silk-road.com/artl/timur.shtml

1563: Death of Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader, born in 1514
https://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Hosokawa_Harumoto

Hosokawa Harumoto

1603: Tokugawa Ieyasu is granted the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yozei, and establishes the Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo, Japan
http://www.samurai-archives.com/ieyasu.html

1657: Birth of Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician who died on June 29, 1725
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Arai_Hakuseki

1775: Birth of Muthuswami Dikshitar, Indian poet and composer who died on October 21, 1835
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/muthuswami-dikshitar.html
http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/music/legacy-from-dikshitar/article4507995.ece
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/24-march-1775-muthuswami-dikshitar-poet-and-composer-was-born

Muthuswami Dikshitar

1839: Chinese troops move to stop the European opium, seizing 20,000 chests of the drug from British merchants in Guangzhou. The « Opium War » eventually will broke out
https://books.google.fr/books?id=kxjumqz_qygC&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=Chinese+seizing+20,000+chests+of+the+drug+from+British+merchants&source=bl&ots=48jUjP8TrR&sig=ACfU3U2Y38oczQkkpdHi12E-_LhLKCUhQw&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiOlOSalJrhAhVb8uAKHbb1CnwQ6AEwAnoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=Chinese%20seizing%2020%2C000%20chests%20of%20the%20drug%20from%20British%20merchants&f=false

1860: Assassination of Japanese Chief Minister Li Naosuke
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakuradamon_Incident_(1860)
http://www.jref.com/japan/history/biographies/ii_naosuke.shtml

1885: During the Sino-French War, Chinese victory in the Battle of Bang Bo on the Tonkin-Guangxi border
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bang_Bo_(Zhennan_Pass)

1895: Japanese attack against Chinese Jiangsu province
http://sinojapanesewar.com/Taiwan.htm

1905: Birth of Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer, who died on January 15, 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pura_Santillan-Castrence

Pura Santillan-Castrence

1914: During the Simla Conference (India, Tibet and Republic of China), the British representative McMahon proposes the border delineation between India and Tibet which will be called the McMahon Line. Signed on 3 July by Tibet but never recognized by China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McMahon_Line
http://chinamatters.blogspot.fr/2016/11/the-myth-of-mcmahon-line.html

1923: In India, the tax on salt is restored
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_British_salt_tax_in_India

1926: Death of Phan Chu Trinh, Vietnamese nationalist, born on September 9, 1872
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phan_Chu_Trinh

1927: In the Nanjing Incident, foreign warships bombard Nanjing, China, in defense of the foreign citizens within the city
http://challengerofminds.blogspot.fr/2008/10/nanjing-incident.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanjing_Incident

1934: Bao Dai, emperor of Vietnam, marries a Catholic South Vietnamese girl named Jeanette Nguyen-Huu-Hao, the later Empress Nam-Phuong
https://saigoneer.com/old-saigon/old-saigon-categories/10536-photos-vietnam’s-last-imperial-wedding
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nam_Phuong

1934: The Tydings McDuffie Act, otherwise known as the Philippine Independence Act, is approved by the US Congress, providing for the independence of the Philippines from the United States by 1946
http://www.chanrobles.com/tydingsmcduffieact.htm

1935: First day of self governance for the Philippines

1938: During the second sino-japanese war, the Taierzhuang battle begins. It will end on April 7 by a Chinese victory
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taierzhuang
http://www.chinaww2.com/2014/09/12/taierzhuang/

1938-03-24 Battle of Taierzhuang starts

1944: Birth of Han Myung-sook, South Korean Prime Minister since April 2006 to March 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_Myeong_Sook

1944: Maj. Gen. Orde Wingate, leader of the 77th Indian Brigade, also called the Chindits, dies in a transport plane crash. He was 41 years old
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/wingate-dies-in-burma
http://ww2live.com/en/content/major-general-charles-orde-wingate-dso-2-bars

Charles Wingate

1946: The British Cabinet Mission, consisting of Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander, arrives in India to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership

1947 : Birth of Meiko Kaji, Japanese singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meiko_Kaji

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fiHr43bBdu4

1949: Birth of Ranil Wickremasinghe, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranil_Wickremesinghe

1952: Dudley Senanayake succeeds his father as Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Prime Minister up to octobre 1953
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dudley_Senanayake

1955: In Cambodia, Prince Sihanouk forms his own political movement Sangkum Reastr Niyum (Popular Socialist Coordination)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangkum

1965: Birth of Gurmit Singh, Singaporean actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurmit_Singh

1975: The North Vietnamese « Ho Chi Minh Campaign » begins. Despite the 1973 Paris Peace Accords cease fire, the fighting had continued between South Vietnamese forces and the North Vietnamese troops in South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnamese-launch-ho-chi-minh-campaign

1974: Birth of Tado, Filipino comedian and actor who died in a bus accident on February 7, 2014
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tado_(comedian)

1975: Birth of  Krisdayanti, Indonesian singer, actress and diva
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krisdayanti

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j80HqZrw9kA

1977: After the resignation of Indira Gandhi, Morarji Desai is sworn in as Indian Prime Minister, up to July 1977
http://www.pmindia.gov.in/en/former_pm/shri-morarji-desai-2/

Desai

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emraan_Hashmi

1982: In Bangladesh, General Ershad takes the power, deposes President Abdus Sattar  and proclaims the Martial Law
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Hossain_Mohammad_Ershad

1983: Birth of  Kelvin Kwan, Hong Kong singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelvin_Kwan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4OhmWXt2is

1986: In the Philippines, the February 7, presidential election giving Ferdinand Marcos as the winner is nullified in favor of Corazon Aquino
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippine_presidential_election,_1986

1990: Indian troops leave Sri Lanka where they arrived in 1987 as peace keeping force
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Peace_Keeping_Force

1990: Birth of Aljur Abrenica, Filipino actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aljur_Abrenica

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bnHPeXBecw

2004: Former Indonesia president Suharto tops of the most corrupted leaders by Transparency International
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3567745.stm

2004: In South Korea, Park Geun Hye, daughter of former general-president Pak Chung Hee (1962-1979), is elected president of the Grand National Party

Park Geun-hye

2006: Han Myung-sok, minister of Environment since 2003, is the first woman to become South Korean Prime Minister
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/24/international/asia/24cnd-korea.html?_r=1&ex=1159416000&en=0eb109aa9873a940&ei=5070&oref=slogin
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Han-Myung-Sook,-a-Christian-woman-now-prime-minister-5965.html

2008: Bhutanese vote in an historic poll that will change the country in a constitutional monarchy
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7310832.stm

2012: Death of Jose Prakash, Indian actor and singer, born on April 14, 1925
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/veteran-malayalam-actor-jose-prakash-passes-away/1/179272.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jose_Prakash

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6ZUSbWPx8w

2013: Pakistan’s former president Pervez Musharraf returns home for the first time in more than four years in exile to take part in upcoming parliamentary elections
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21914946
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/9950994/Pervez-Musharraf-ends-self-imposed-exile-to-restore-peace-in-Pakistan.html
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20130324-410973.html

2015: The United States will keep its current level of 9,800 troops in Afghanistan through the end of the year, rather than reducing that number to 5,500 as planned, the White House said
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/03/24/politics/obama-afghan-president-ghani-meeting/index.html

On 23 March in Asian history

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

ON 23 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 23, 2019

851: Death of Zhou Chi, Chinese historian and politician, born in 793
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_Chi

1022: Death of Emperor Zhenzong, the third emperor of the Song Dynasty of China since 997, born on December 23, 968
http://www.nouahsark.com/en/infocenter/culture/history/monarchs/emperor_zhenzong_of_song_china.php

1336: Birth of Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan who died on March 12, 1374
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-K%C5%8Dgon

1400: The Tran Dynasty of Vietnam is deposed after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule by General Ho Quy Ly
http://countrystudies.us/vietnam/9.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H%E1%BB%93_Qu%C3%BD_Ly

Ho Quy Ly

1548: Death of Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takedan Shingen
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Itagaki_Nobukata

Itagaki Nobukata

1678: Rebelle general Wu Sangui declares himself emperor of the Great Zhou dynasty with Hengzhou (now Hengyan in Hunan) as his capital
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Wu_Sangui
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3368.html

Wu Sangui

 1757: During the Anglo-French war, British forces capture Chandernagore fort (in India) from the French

 
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1757_-_British_expedition_against_Chandernagore

1757-03-23 Capture de Chandernagor par la Royal Navy

1855: Treaty of Peshawar signed, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/14.htm

1861: Birth of Kanzo Uchimura, Japanese writer and evangelist who died on March 28, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uchimura_Kanz%C5%8D

1885: The Battle of Phu Lam Tao, a politically-significant engagement during the Sino-French War (August 1884-April 1885), in which a French Zouave battalion was defeated by a mixed force of Chinese soldiers and Black Flags
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Phu_Lam_Tao

1889: The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India
http://www.alislam.org/introduction/index.html
http://www.muslim.org/hmga.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qadian

1895: Birth of Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian, first Filipina to get a PH D, who died on March 13, 2001
http://www.famousfilipino.com/content/view/33/121/
http://firstfilipina.blogspot.com/2006/03/encarnacion-alzona.html

1895: Japanese forces defeat the Chinese garrison of the Pescadores Island
http://sinojapanesewar.com/Taiwan.htm

1901: Filipino nationalist Emilio Aguinaldo is captured
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1657/today-in-philippine-history-march-23-1901-general-aguinaldo-was-captured-by-the-americans
http://www.freewebs.com/philippineamericanwar/captureofaguinaldo1901.htm

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

1908: American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durham_Stevens

1910 : Birth of Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian nationalist and socialist leader, who died on October 12, 1967
http://www.mapsofindia.com/who-is-who/history/ram-manohar-lohia.html
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/ram-manohar-lohia.html

1910: Birth of Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director who died on September, 6, 1998
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000041/
http://www.criterion.com/explore/3-akira-Kurosawa
http://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/news-bfi/lists/akira-kurosawa-10-essential-films

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1STFM39vJ4

1931: Bhagat Singh and Rajguru  Sukhdev, Indian freedom fighters, embrass the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused
http://guruprasad.net/posts/martyrs-day-tribute-to-bhagat-singh-sukhdev-rajguru/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-march-1931-bhagat-singh-indian-revolutionary-died
http://zeenews.india.com/india/pakistan-displays-freedom-fighter-bhagat-singhs-case-file-for-the-first-time-2093848.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SdOgkD18Fco

1935: Approval of the constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines by the US president
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonwealth_of_the_Philippines

1935 : Manchuko, the Japanese puppet state in northeastern China, purchases the Chinese Eastern Railway from the Soviet Union

1938: Birth of Chang Chun-hsiung, twice prime minister of Taiwan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chang_Chun-hsiung

1940: The Lahore Resolution (qarardad-e-Pakistan) or the then Qarandad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the annual general convention of the India Muslim League calling for a Muslim homeland
http://historypak.com/lahore-resolution-1940/
http://www.defence.pk/forums/social-issues-current-events/50871-march-23-1940-lahore-resolution.html
https://www.dawn.com/news/1322255/23rd-march-special-the-resolutions-after-the-resolution

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

1942: US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=190

1945: Death of Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Japanese diplomat and General of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, born on July 7, 1891 (somes sources say March 26)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadamichi_Kuribayashi
http://ww2gravestone.com/general/kuribayashi-tadamichi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHqNV30NNZI

1956: Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. General governor Iskander Mirza becomes president of the Republic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistani_Constitution_of_1956

1956-03-23 Iskander Mirza président

1957: Carlos P. Garcia becomes president of the Philippines up to December 1961
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/carlos-p-garcia

1958: Elections for the Cambodian National Assembly. The Sangkom Reash Niyum of prince Norodom Sihanouk wins all 61 seats
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangkum

1961: The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso refunds the Tibetan medical and astrology Institute at Dharamsala, India

1969: the Royal Lao Army launches a large attack (Cu Kiet Campaign) against the communists in the Plain of Jars/Xieng Khoang areas, supported by its own air units and the U.S. Air Force

1974: Chinese jetliner arrives in New York in what is described as first civilian flight from Chinese mainland to United States

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emraan_Hashmi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1STFM39vJ4

1979: Signature of an Amity treaty between Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam control all Indochina

1984: Japanese Premier Nakasone in China,  up to March 31
https://www.wilsoncenter.org/publication/more-friends-foes-sino-japanese-relations-1984

1984-03 Nakasone en Chine

1996: In Taiwan, despite Beijing military pressures, President Lee Teng-hui easily wins (54 % of the votes), the first ever presidential election with universal suffrage. Peng Ming-min of PPD 21 %, Lin Yang-kang 14 %
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_China_presidential_election,_1996

1997: First visit of the Dalai Lama to Taiwan. He stress the only religious meaning of this trip but is greeted by President Lee Teng-hui
http://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/23/world/taiwan-welcomes-the-dalai-lama-much-to-china-s-displeasure.html
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/550300/Dalai-Lama-hailed-on-first-visit-to-Taiwan.html?pg=all

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CfdqaAsG8o

1997: A grenade attack at a political rally in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, kills 10 people and wounds 101 others, including Cambodia’s leading opposition politician and an American

2000: Death of Antony Padiyara, Indian cardinal, born on February 11, 1921
http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bpadiyara.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_Padiyara

2000: In Taiwan, President Lee Teng-hui resigns as president of the Kuomintang and provisionnally replaced by Lien Chan (up to September)

2003: Abdul Majid Dar, former commander of Hezb-ul-Mujahedeen, the main separatist in Indian Kashmir,who had proposed to dialogue with New Delhi is assassinated
http://www.jammu-kashmir.com/insights/insight20030324a.html

2004: Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions, linked to the Communist Pary, holds its first conference in Hyderabad
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andhra_Pradesh_Federation_of_Trade_Unions

2006: Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, bishop of Hong Kong is elevated cardinal
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4838634.stm

2007: Death of Mao Anqing, second son of Mao Zedong
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200704/03/eng20070403_363268.html

2007: Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war

2009: Police of China have arrested nearly 100 monks after what they describe as a riot by hundreds of Tibetans, according to state media
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/03/200932342245812956.html

2009: Malaysia’s government imposes a ban on two main opposition newspapers, ahead of key political developments. Harakah and Suara Keadilan have been told they cannot publish for the next three months, with immediate effect
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7959518.stm

2013: Death of Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic, born on December 1, 1926
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onofre_Corpuz

Onofre Corpuz

2014: Korean and Chinese presidents reaffirm opposition to North Korean nukes pledging to work closely together for peninsular denuclearization
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20140324000014

2014: Hundreds of protesters opposed to a trade pact with China invade Taiwan’s cabinet offices, marking a sharp escalation in a student-led movement against the island’s rapidly developing ties with the communist mainland
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/23/taiwan-protesters-invade-cabinet-offices-china-trade
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/03/protesters-invade-taiwan-cabinet-offices-201432315014510700.html

2015: Death of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s first prime minister and architect of the tiny Southeast Asian city-state’s rapid rise from British tropical outpost to global trade and financial centre, aged 91
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32012346
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-12975980
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/22/lee-kuan-yew

2017 : Tamil writer Ashokamitran passes away
http://www.thehindu.com/books/tamil-writer-ashokamitran-passes-away/article17616921.ece?homepage=true

 

Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Republic Day

On 22 March in Asian history

ON 22 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 22, 2019

924: Birth of Dinh Bo Linh, the first emperor of Vietnam who died in 979
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinh_Bo_Linh

1212: Birth of Go-Horikawa, 86th Emperor of Japan (1221-1232) who died in August 1234
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Horikawa

1185: Battle of Yashima, victory of the Minamoto on the Taira
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yashima

1185-03-22 Yashima charge

1685: Death of Emperor Go-Sai of Japan, born on January 1, 1638
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Sai

1692: Chinese emperor Kangxi issues a Royal Decree allowing Catholic missionaries in China freedom to preach
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2463.html

1739: After some of his Persian troops are killed in occupied Delhi, Nader Shah orders his soldiers to plunder the city. During the course of one day 20,000 to 30,000 Indians are killed by the Persian troops, forcing Mohammad Shah to beg for mercy and stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peacock_Throne

1784: In Thailand, the Esmeralda Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wat_Phra_Kaew

1811: Birth of Sakuma Shozan, Japanese politician and scholar, assassinated on August 12, 1864
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakuma_Shozan

1869: Birth of Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino independence leader and first president of the Philippines who died on February 6, 1964
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/aguinaldo.html
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1028/today-in-philippine-history-march-22-1869-emilio-aguinaldo-was-born-in-kawit-cavite

Andrés Bonifacio

1896: Birth of He Long, Chinese marshal, who died on June 8, 1969
http://www.paulnoll.com/China/Long-March/Long-March-He-Long.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2623.html

1897: In the Philippines, by the Tejeros Convention, the Katipunan (KKK) rebellion establishes a government with Emilio Aguinaldo as president
http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/tejeros.html

1901: Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea

1907: Thousands of Indians living in South Africa follow the lead of Mohandas K. Gandhi engaging in a campaign of civil disobedience to protest their treatment by the government.

Gandhi 1905 Johanesburg

1907: Russians troops completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces

1913: Death of Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang after being mortally wounded at the Shanghai railway station two days before. He was 31
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-SungChia.html

1915 : The Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammad Jamalul Kiram, signs an agreement with the US governor of the Department of Mindano and Sulu, Frank W. Carpenter, renouncing his sovereignty over the Sulu archipelago.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1703/today-in-philippine-history-march-22-1915-the-sultan-of-sulu-relinquished-his-sovereignty-over-sulu

1916: The last Emperor of China, since December 12, 1915, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored
http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/bio/xyz/yuansh.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2980.html

1929: Birth of P. Ramlee, Malaysian actor, singer and song writer, who died on May 27, 1973
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._Ramlee

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymF__5CeZlI

1929: Birth of Yayoi Kusama, Japanese painter and scuptor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yayoi_Kusama
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Yayoi+Kusama&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvnsol&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=IgVqT8vFHcjRhAet59HYCA&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CB0Q_AUoAQ&biw=1249&bih=569

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wq0LXh3sais
http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/kusama_yayoi.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RegxhTu748

1940: Birth of Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian/American actor, who died on February 25, 1996
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haing_S._Ngor

1942: Sir Stanford Cripps, British statesman, arrives in India for talks with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence, in what will become known as the Cripps Mission


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cripps-and-gandhi-meet
http://www.historydiscussion.net/british-india/cripps-mission-march-1942-in-india-and-why-did-it-fail/2603
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A044

1957: Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_national_calendar

1962: Yun Bo-seon resigns as president of South Korea
http://www.ed.ac.uk/alumni/services/notable-alumni/alumni-in-history/yun-posun

1966: Birth of Song Kwang Sik, Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_Kwang-sik

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZKguU2WDNM

1966: Death of Chinese philosopher Ai Siqi, born in 1910
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ai_Siqi
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&sqi=2&ved=0CDwQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmarxistphilosophy.org%2FAntagonisticASQ.pdf&ei=U6kNVcfFGML0UovhgIAK&usg=AFQjCNFuwXRk1aq2fKn49_Y1vAqu5Pj0rA&sig2=HRsozPDSUppEiznBZ9HgpA

Ai Siqi

1967: In China, during the Cultural Revolution the People’s Liberation Army take the control of the plants and factories

1973: General Suharto, president of Indonesia, and only one candidate, is reelected for five years and will be reelected up to 1998

1974: The Viet Cong proposes a new truce with the U.S. and South Vietnam. The truce included general elections

1977: Death of A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader, born on October 1, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._K._Gopalan

1978: In Indonesia, General Suharto is reelected for a third term as President. He is the only one candidate

2005: Death of Gemini Ganesan, Tamil film star, born on November 17, 1920
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_Ganesan
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/22-march-2005-gemini-ganesan-tamil-film-star-died

2006: In the Philippines, beginning of the trial of former president Joseph Estrada charged to have illegally pocketed 77 million dollars during his tenure
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1063976.stm

2006-03-22 Estrada procès

2007: In Pakistan, the dismissal of the Supreme Judge Iftikar Muhammad Chaudry by General Musharraf causes important demonstrations by judges and members of the opposition

2007: Death of Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher, born on July 9, 1918
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uppaluri_Gopala_Krishnamurti

2008: Ma Ying-jeou is elected as the new president of Taiwan with 58 % of the votes
http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Ma_Ying-jeou_wins_2008_Taiwan_presidential_election

2008-03-22 1622 Ma élu président

2009: South Africa’s embassy in New Delhi has denies travel documents to Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, barring him from attending a peace conference in Johannesburg
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20090322-130260.html

2012: The UN Human Rights Council adopts a resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate alleged abuses during the final phase of war with Tamil rebels.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17471300
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/03/22/world/asia/sri-lanka-war-crimes/index.html?hpt=ias_c2

2012: Top officials from the Communist Party of China (CPC) and Taiwan’s ruling Kuomintang (KMT) meet in Beijing for the first time since the KMT’s victory in the island’s leadership election in January
http://uscpf.org/v3/2012/03/23/hu-jintao-kmt-chairman-wu-po-hsiung-meet-in-beijing/

2013: 62 people are killed and 200 are injured after a fire destroys a camp containing Burmese refugees near Ban Mae, Thailand.
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/03/23/42-die-fire-thailand-refugee-camp
http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/62-myanmar-refugees-perish-in-fire-at-thailand-camp/article4541705.ece

2014: The Maldives hold parliamentary elections on schedule despite worries about the ability of the resort island’s turmoil-hit elections commission to stage the ballot successfully
http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/maldives-holds-parliamentary-polls-despite-delay-fear-554779
http://thecommonwealth.org/media/news/maldives-parliamentary-elections-2014-interim-statement

2014: Death of Yashwant Vithoba Chittal, Indian author, born on August 21, 1928
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-karnataka/yashwant-chittal-dead/article5821000.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yashwant_Vithoba_Chittal

2014: Communist Party of the Philippines chairman Benito Tiamzon and his wife, the party’s secretary general Wilma Tiamzon, are arrested in a joint police and military operation
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/588186/red-leaders-captured
2014-03-22 Benito Tiamzon arrest

2015: Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena forms a national government incorporating the main opposition party in a bid to push through reforms and preserve political stability

2015: Sri Lanka’s new government confers for the firtst time the highest military rank of field marshal on retired army chief Sarath Fonseka, who had been jailed for alleged treason by the previous government
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/23/ex-army-chief-sarath-fonseka-jailed-for-treason-made-field-marshal-in-sri-lanka

2018: Ex-South Korean president Lee Myung-bak arrested ‘for taking US$10.2 million in bribes while in office’
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2138505/arrest-warranted-reportedly-issued-former-south-korean-president
http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=3045997
http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_national/837090.html

On 21 March in Asian history

ON 21 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 21, 2019

927: Birth of Zhao Kuangyin who will be first Song dynasty Emperor from 960 to 976
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Zhao_Kuangyin_(Emperor_Taizu_of_China)
http://melanconent.com/lib/knowl/history/china/song/north.html

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese feudal general, born in 1118, who established the first samourai-dominated administrative government in the history of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Kiyomori

1188: Accession to the throne of Japan  emperor Antoku
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Antoku

1851: Viêt-Nam emperor Tu Duc orders the killing of Christian priests
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2013/11/monarch-profile-emperor-tu-duc-of.html

1857: An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000

1897 : Marcela Marcelo, the Woman General of the Philippine revolution dies in the Battle of Pasong Santol (Dasmariñas), Cavite.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1471/today-in-philippine-history-march-21-1897-marcela-marcelo-died-in-the-battle-of-pasong-santol
http://pinoyfolktales.blogspot.fr/2013/01/filipino-martyr-marcela-marcelo-lugo.html

1900: Birth of Sun Yu, Chinese director who died in July 1990
http://www.gildasattic.com/sunyu.html

1913: Birth of Bismillah Khan, Indian shehnai player who died on August 21, 2006
http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-music/classical-singers/bissmillah-khan.html
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/bismillah-khan-5281.php
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-march-1913-bismillah-khan-shehnai-maestro-was-born

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro

1923: Birth of Sri Mataji Nirmala Srivasta, founder of Sahaja Yogav, who died on December 23, 2011
http://www.adishakti.org/shri_mataji.htm

1925: After six months,  Syngman Rhee is removed from office after being impeached as the President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syngman_Rhee
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Government_of_the_Republic_of_Korea

1934: A fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/1182683
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2009/03/15/national/history/fire-devastates-hakodate-dalai-lama-on-the-run-leftists-protest-narita-airport-expansion/#.Vu7iZzj5PIV

1934-03-21 Fire destroys Hakodate

1944: Birth of Hideki Ishima, Japanese guitarist
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hideki_Ishima
http://www.metal-archives.com/artists/Hideki_Ishima/530377

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TIz04XAkkpw

1945: 1st Japanese human flying bombs (Ohka) attack on US ships invading Okinawa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yokosuka_MXY7_Ohka

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksqmHTtAQyQ

1947 : The Joint United States Military Advisory Group or JUSMAG, which played a key role in suppressing the Philippine Huk rebellion in the 1950s, is set up.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1027/today-in-philippine-history-march-21-1947-jusmag-was-organized
http://defenseph.net/drp/index.php?topic=277.0

1954: Birth of General Prayut Chan o cha, prime minister of Thailand
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27526495
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prayut_Chan-o-cha

1955: In Vietnam, the buddhist sects present President Ngo Dinh Diem an ultimatum demanding the formation of a National Union government

1956: In Laos, Prince Souvanna Phouma is named Prime Minister, putting an end to the political crisis and joins the neutralist faction
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0846117.html

Souvanna Phouma

1959: Birth of Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobuo_Uematsu

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukaYrxItCJ8

1960: Birth of Benito de Leon, Filipino military officer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_T._de_Leon

1967: North Vietnam rejects US president Johnson overture
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnam-rejects-johnson-overture

1968: Birth of Shin Seung Hun, South Korean ballad singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shin_Seung_Hun

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74UuCEDNpX8

1968: In Indonesia, Suharto is officially elected President of the Republic

1972: Khmer Rouge shell Phnom Penh
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-rouge-shell-phnom-penh

1977: Indira Gandhi, Indian prime minister, resigns after she lost legislative election. End of a 21 month period of emergency while she ruled by decree
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_1977
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ghosh20p/
http://uswww.rediff.com/freedom/30rajan.htm

1977-03-21 Indira demissionne

1978: Birth of Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rani_Mukerji

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHb3OQDDFJk

1980: President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/carter-tells-u-s-athletes-of-olympic-boycott

1984: Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
http://www.navalhistory.org/2011/03/21/soviet-sub-collides-with-uss-kitty-hawk-21-march-1984

1985: In Bangladesh, General Ershad gets 94,14 % of yes in the referendum he has organized to legitimate his military regime. The opposition said the vote was rigged
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-21/news/mn-20703_1_opposition-parties
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-22/news/mn-29765_1_polling

Hussain Muhammad Ershad

1990: In China, Deng Xiaoping renounces his last official positions, chairman of the Central Military Commission

2000: Bill Clinton arrives to India. First visit of an US president since 22 years
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/gallery/bill-clintons-visit-to-india/1/3823.html#photo1

2000-03-21 Clinton

2000: In Taiwan, the Legislative Yuan (National Assembly) authorizes direct links with China from the small islands of Kinmen, Matsu et Penghu

2001: Taliban finish to blow up two giant Buddha statues in Bamiyan, Afghanistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhas_of_Bamiyan
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/19/world/taliban-explains-buddha-demolition.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-31813681

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nENvd7Zj1Qs&feature=related

2002: In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/1804710.stm

2003: Death of Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia, born in 1924
http://indonesianfamous.blogspot.com/2010/09/umar-wirahadikusumah.html

2003: Death of Shivani, Indian author, born on October 17, 1923
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivani

2004: General elections in Malaysia. The ruling coalition Barisan Nasional Le Front National wins 198 of the 219 seats, of which 109 for Umno
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_general_election,_2004

2006: In Laos, Choummaly Sayasone, 70, a retired general, replaces Khamtay Siphandone as leader of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party
http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/90851/7411513.html

Choummaly Sayasone 3

2009: Bangladesh says it will disband the country’s border force and raise a new paramilitary unit to replace it
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/20093211532659351.html

2011: The ruling communist party of Laos reelects its incumbent leader to a new five-year term. The 9th Party Congress unanimously approved Choummaly Sayasone as secretary-general of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. He was first elected to the post in 2006

2012: China’s Justice Ministry issues a requirement that new lawyers and those reapplying for licenses swear an oath of loyalty to the Communist Party, another step in a campaign to rein in lawyers who continue to challenge the political and legal systems by which the party maintains power.

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/23/world/asia/chinese-lawyers-chafe-at-new-oath-to-communist-party.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&ref=asia&adxnnlx=1332446757-sqxhpRwe8sTuwKfpANi6dA#
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Practicing-law-now-will-require-an-oath-of-allegiance-to-the-Communist-Party-24310.html

2013: The United Nations say it will for the first time establish a commission of inquiry into grave human rights violations in North Korea that may amount to crimes against humanity
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/03/2013322113345899921.html

2014: Thai court rules that general election is invalid. The vote was unconstitutional because it did not take place on the same day across the country
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-26677772
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-court-nullifies-election/1876018.html

2015: The foreign ministers of South Korea, China and Japan gather in Seoul for their first meeting in nearly three years, aimed at calming regional tensions rooted in territorial and other diplomatic disputes.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/03/asian-powers-hold-talks-year-hiatus-150321065405173.html
http://www.euronews.com/2015/03/21/china-japan-and-south-korea-meet-to-improve-frosty-relations/

2018: Maldives ex-leader Gayoom and eight others are charged with terrorism
https://www.newdelhitimes.com/maldives-former-dictator-judges-charged-with-terrorism/
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/south-asia/article/2138212/more-trouble-paradise-maldives-ex-dictator-charged-terrorism
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/34/173/1/1521605346559.html

2018: Myanmar’s President Htin Kyaw resigns ‘to take rest from duties’
https://frontiermyanmar.net/en/president-u-htin-kyaw-resigns-u-win-myint-tipped-as-replacement
http://www.dw.com/en/myanmar-president-htin-kyaw-resigns/a-43058749

On 20 March in Asian history

VOC

ON 20 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 20, 2019

673: Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Tenmu

1127: Jin troops summon the Song emperor Qinzong and his father Huizong, two captured emperors, to their camps on a directive from Taizong. Beginning of weeks of looting, rapes, arson and execution of prisoners of war and civilians

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, famous Japanese general, born in 1118
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Kiyomori

1351: Death of Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi since 1324. Born in 1290 http://www.newindianexpress.com/education/student/article1377184.ece
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Tughluq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1U8K_XTGoq0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5I43PJh_aT8

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established
https://www.thoughtco.com/the-dutch-east-india-company-1434566
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-march-1602-the-dutch-east-india-company-was-established
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFbR5mc3AaQ
 VOC

1736: Birth of Chao Phraya Chakri who founded the current Chakri dynasty in Thailand in April 1782 (Rama I) and died in September 1809
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Rama_I
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rama_I

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi and sacks the city, stealing the jewel of the Peacock Throne. 30,000 civilians are killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nader_Shah’s_invasion_of_Mughal_India
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/afsharids/afsharids.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takht_e_Taus

1833: US and Siam sign a treaty of amity and commerce
https://prologue.blogs.archives.gov/2013/09/28/on-display-siamese-american-treaty-of-amity-and-commerce/
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Amity_and_Commerce_between_Siam_and_the_United_States,_1833

1865: Death of Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai, born in 1833
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamanami_Keisuke

1881: Birth of Chinese scholar Zhang Shizhao
http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/zhang_shizhao
http://www.thechinastory.org/2013/07/zhang-shizhao-%E7%AB%A0%E5%A3%AB%E9%92%8A-on-appreciating-difference/

Zhang Shizhao

1900: US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an ‘open door’ policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.

1902: France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/anglojapanesealliance1902.htm

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

1913: Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies two days later
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2763.html

1923: Birth of Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani author, Journalist and political activist who died on December 18, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaukat_Siddiqui

1926: Chiang Kaishek (Jiang Jieshi), then head of the KMT military, launches a coup to take over power in the Guomindang. In the process, he ousted many communists who had been a part of the Guomindang-Communist alliance

1935: Death of Hayami Gyoshu, Japanese painter, born on August 2, 1894
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyosh%C5%AB_Hayami
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Hayami+Gyoshu&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvnso&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=GWNnT4_mHeGg0QW6_qywCA&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBQQ_AUoAQ&biw=1192&bih=543

1942: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: « I came out of Bataan and I shall return »

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEbwuehH35I

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-troops-liberate-mandalay-burma
http://www.burmastar.org.uk/stories/19th-indian-infantry-division/

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1946: Death of Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), born on February 28, 1911
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Hamzah

1951: Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darul_Islam_Rebellion
http://www.academia.edu/8303411/The_History_of_Darul_Islam_DI_and_Kartosuwiryo

1952: The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with restoring of sovereignty for Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security_Treaty_Between_the_United_States_and_Japan

1956: Indonesian Assembly (DPR) convenes. PNI-Masyumi-NU coalition forms government. Ali Sastroamidjojo is Prime Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Sastroamidjojo

1965: That day, and later in April, fighting broke out between India and Pakistan. Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani war with first large scale offensive on August 5

1966: Birth of Alka Yagnik, Indian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alka_Yagnik

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hzTz7wUzm8E

1969: US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970

1973: Birth of Jung Woo-sung, Korean actor
http://men.stareastasia.com/jung-woo-sung/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PswpcCTo6RQ

1977: The Indian Congress Party of Indira Gandhi loses the general elections against the newly founded Janata Party. Morarji Desai is charged to form a new government
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/once-upon-a-poll-sixth-lok-sabha-election-1977/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRrL5DT2cag

1980: Birth of Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ock_Ju-Hyun

1987: Birth of Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangna_Ranaut

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bog97cmpADs

1990: Ferdinand Marcos’s widows, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement and racketing
http://www.who2.com/imeldamarcos.html

1990: Birth of Joaquin Maria Gutierrez, Filipino violinist
http://maps.thefullwiki.org/Joaquin_Maria_Gutierrez

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvL3bzqj3Jg

1991: Khaleda Zia first women to become PM in Bangladesh up to March 1996
http://www.virtualbangladesh.com/culture/people-of-bangladesh/khaleda-zia/

1991-03-20 Khaleda Zia PM

1995: A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 12 and wounds 1,300 persons
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0320.html#article
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/tokyo-subways-are-attacked-with-sarin-gas
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18455007

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMWSGwtZslo

2004: Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian is reelected with less than 30,000 votes (50,11 %) more than Lien Chan (49,89 %)
http://www.taiwandc.org/elec2004.htm
http://www.c-span.org/video/?181926-1/taiwanese-presidential-inauguration

 2004-03-20

2008: Death of Shoban Babu, Indian actor
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Telugu-actor-Shobhan-Babu-dead/articleshow/2886201.cms
http://entertainment.oneindia.in/celebs/sobhan-babu/biography.html

 

2009: China’s president Hu Jintao urges North Korea to restart stalled negotiations on dismantling its nuclear program saying he hopes all sides would work to « resolve their differences »

2010: Girija Prasad Koirala, the former Nepalese prime minister who brokered the peace deal that ended a bloody 10-year civil war, died at age 85
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8577669.stm

2013: Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman, a veteran ruling party politician named to the largely ceremonial post in 2009, dies in a Singapore hospital
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20130320-410090.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/2013320123245762582.html
http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2013/03/20/zillur-rahman-dies

2013: The United States has violated Pakistan’s sovereignty and destroyed tribal structures with unmanned aerial drone strikes in its counterterrorism near the Afghan border, a UN human rights investigator says
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/03/201331523115707202.html

2014: Death of Khushwant Singh, Indian writer who won fame for a book on partition of the subcontinent as well as his once-daring descriptions of sex,
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2014/03/journalist-khushwant-singh-dies-201432075235300829.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26661491

2017 : East Timor holds first presidential election since UN peacekeepers left
http://www.dw.com/en/east-timor-holds-first-presidential-election-since-un-peacekeepers-left/a-38017195
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/mar/20/timor-leste-presidential-election-revolutionary-hero-v-a-new-generation

 

Holidays and observances

Japan: Shunbun no Hi, a national holiday

On 19 March in Asian history

ON 19 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 19, 2019

1206: Birth of Güyük Khan, Mongol ruler, 3rd Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, who died on April 20, 1248
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%BCy%C3%BCk_Khan
http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/gyk-khan

1279: In China, a Mongol victory in the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song dynasty. In the battle, Chinese Emperor Bing is drown
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yamen
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Bing_of_Song
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2504.html

1434: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, 7th shogun (1442-1443) of the Ashikaga Shogunate, who died in a riding accident in August 1443
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashikaga_Yoshikatsu
http://www.japan-photo.de/e-yoshikatsu.htm

1571: Spanish troops occupy Manila
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Manila_(1570)

1610: Death of Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter, born in 1539
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasegawa_T%C5%8Dhaku
http://www.theartwolf.com/landscapes/hasegawa-tohaku-pine-trees.htm
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Hasegawa+Tohaku&biw=1301&bih=641&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=eagJVdDBAZTeauKbgOgG&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ&dpr=1.05

Hasegawa Tohaku

1723 : Birth of Josefa Gabriela Silang, the first Filipino woman to lead a revolt during the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, hanged on September 29, 1763
http://www.bayaniart.com/articles/gabriela-silang-biography/
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1023/today-in-philippine-history-march-19-1723-josefa-gabriela-silang-was-born-in-santa-ilocos-sur
http://jeanrojas.tripod.com/id11.html

Josefa Gabriela Silang

1853: In China, the Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864
http://taipingrebellion.com/yangtze.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2657.html

1858: Birth of Kang Youwei, Chinese political thinker who, with the support of Emperor Guangxu, tried to modernize the Chinese monarchy but blocked par Empress Ci Xi and who died on March 31, 1927
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=15&ved=0CHIQFjAO&url=http%3A%2F%2Futcp.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp%2Fpublications%2Fpdf%2FUTCPBooklet17_08_Tay.pdf&ei=28MJVcnDK8mzUa7sgcgO&usg=AFQjCNHMjCVnGd085vq6kKtjOFgKZ6xezw&sig2=vz4MSkIbbkXXKH4drcdb4Q
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2468.html

1875: Birth of Zhang Zuolin, warlord of Manchuria, murdured by the Japanese on June 4, 1928
http://totallyhistory.com/zhang-zuolin/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Zuolin

1914: Birth of Jiang Qing, last wife of Mao Zedong, who committed suicide on May 14, 1991
http://chineseposters.net/themes/jiangqing.php
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Jiang_Qing

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MjzKbzFgaH8

1919: Birth of general Sein Win, seventh Premier of Burma (1974-1977) who died on March 29, 1977
http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/7979027

1945: World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power

http://ww2today.com/19-march-1945-hundreds-killed-as-uss-franklin-hit-by-sneak-bomber
http://www.ussfranklin.org/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o82ASjYJDbw

1947: The Nationalists troops of Chiang Kai-shek capture Yan’an (Yenan), the communist capital of Mao Zedong
http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume-4/mswv4_18.htm

1949: The Light Cruiser Chongqing (ex HMS Aurora) who joined the communist forces is bombed by the Guomindang planes in Yantai (Shandong) and will sink on March 21
http://www.modelshipgallery.com/gallery/cl/roc/chongqing-300-dh/dh-index.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3031.html

1949-03-19 Chongqing cruise

1955: Birth of Simon Yam, Hong Kong actor
http://simonyam.com/biography/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DlkgjM1s18g

1955: Ichiro Hatoyama is elected Japan Prime Minister and forms a Liberal government
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichir%C5%8D_Hatoyama
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6135682

1960: General elections in Sri Lanka after PM Bandaranaike was shot by a Buddhist monk, won by the United National Party

1964: Birth of Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y%C5%8Dko_Kanno
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0437819/
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x441y_yoko-kanno_music

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=byhcdd6_eKk

1965: Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies

1966: The South Korean Assembly votes to send 20,000 additional troops to Vietnam to join the 21,000 Republic of Korea (ROK) forces already serving in the war zone
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/seoul-agrees-to-send-additional-troops

1967: Birth of Jia Hongsheng, Chinese actor, who commited suicide on July 5, 2010
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jia_Hongsheng
http://www.traileraddict.com/trailer/quitting/trailer

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MWgcUtRWjuo

1970: In Cambodia, the National Assembly grants « full power » to Premier Lon Nol, declares a state of emergency, and suspends four articles of the constitution, permitting arbitrary arrest and banning public assembly
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/national-emergency-declared-in-cambodia

1972: India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty
http://www.commonlii.org/in/other/treaties/INTSer/1972/6.html

1973: Opening at La celle-Saint-Cloud (France) of long negotiations between the Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) of the Vietcong and a delegation of the Saigon government

1975: Birth of Vivian Hsu (Hsu Shu-juan), Taiwanese actress, model and singer
http://women.stareastasia.com/vivian-hsu/
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/09/03/vivian-hsu/

1981: Birth of Kim Rae Won, South Korean actor and model
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Kim_Rae_Won

1998: Death of E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Indian Communist politician, former Chief Minister of Kerala, born on June 13, 1909
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/e-m-s-namboodiripad.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/19-march-1998-ems-namboodiripad-first-chief-minister-of-kerala-died
http://www.veethi.com/india-people/e._m._s._namboodiripad-profile-179-19.htm

 1998: In Cambodia, Ousted Prime Minister Norodom Ranariddh, is condemned in absentia at thirty years in prison, accused of having fomented a coup d’état with the Khmer Rouge in July 1997

1998: In India, the nationalist BJP Atal Bihari Vajpayee sworn in as new PM
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Vajpayee_ministry

2000: Death of Li Huanzhi, Chinese composer, born on January 2, 1919
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Huanzhi

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ji8nEwgCyms

2000: Death of Shafiq-ur-Rehman (humorist), Pakistani humorist and writer, born on November 9, 1920
http://urduadab4u.blogspot.fr/2011/01/shafiq-ur-rahman-famous-urdu-humorist.html

2004: Taiwanese President Chen Shuibian and vice-president Annette Lu are lightly wounded in an pistol attack, the day before new presidential elections
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/19/international/asia/taiwanese-leaders-survive-shooting-incident-ahead-of-vote.html
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/mar/20/china.jonathanwatts
http://www.tzengs.com/News/Assasin/photos_.htm

2008: Death of Raghuvaran, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam actor, born on December 11, 1948
http://www.oneindia.com/2008/03/19/actor-raghuvaran-passes-away-1205908651.html
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/raghuvaran/biography.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSlOiVqDdZI

2011: Thailand’s prime minister Abhisit Vejjajiva survives a no-confidence vote in a censure motion marked by allegations of corruption, mismanagement and conflicts of interest

2012: An international judge resigns from the UN-backed Khmer Rouge war crimes tribunal, citing political interference by Cambodia’s government after he tried to investigate more suspects. Judge Laurent Kasper-Ansermet, the Swiss co-investigator, whose predecessor Siegfried Blunk quit for similar reasons, said he had been constantly undermined by his Cambodian counterpart, You Bunleng.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/03/2012319143340854125.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17432484

2014: In what will be called The Sunflower Movement, hundreds of students and activists opposed to a trade deal with China occupy Taiwan’s parliament and defied police efforts to evict them
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/taiwan/10707189/Protesters-storm-parliament-in-Taiwan.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-26641525

2015: Japan and China held security talks after a four-year hiatus because of simmering territorial tensions with the two sides agreeing to hold meetings « more frequently » to speed up a thaw in once-frozen relations, officials
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-31957664

2015: Cambodian MPs approve two controversial election laws which were condemned by rights groups as undemocratic for including restrictive provisions such as banning NGOs from criticising parties during election campaigns
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/parliament-passes-controversial-election-laws-03192015160033.html

On 18 March in Asian history

1970-03-18 Lon Nol coup

ON 18 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 18, 2019

1184: In Japan, victory of Minamoto on Taira in the battle of Ichi-no-Tani
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ichi-no-Tani
http://sites.asiasociety.org/arts/japanesescreens/scr01.html

1184-03-18 Battle Ichi no Tani

1241: Krakow is ravaged by Mongols
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chmielnik

1871: Death of Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician, born on June 27 1806
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Biographies/De_Morgan.html

1893: Birth of Pai Chung-hsi (Bai Chongxi), Chinese Muslim general, who died on December 1, 1966
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bai_Chongxi
http://www.cgltour.com/web/Gglc23E.html

1900: Japan uses its influence over the government of Korea to deny Russia’s efforts to obtain a concession for a naval station at the Korean Port of Masampo, a step in the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war

1914: White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bai_Lang_Rebellion
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/pai-lang.htm

1918: Birth of Lin Haiyin, Taiwanese writer who died on December 1, 2001
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lin_Haiyin
https://upclosed.com/people/lin-haiyin/

Lin Haiyin

1921: Steamer « Hong Koh » runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=950CEFDC1631EF33A25750C2A9629C946095D6CF
https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SU19210423.2.166

1922: In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience. He would serve only 2 years
http://famousdaily.com/history/mahatma-gandhi-india-civil-disobedience.html
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March-April-08/On-this-Day–Gandhi-Imprisoned-for-Civil-Disobedience-.html

 1922-03-18 Gandhi condamné

1923: Mathrubhumi, one of the largest Malayalam daily started to publish from Kozhikode in Kerala
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathrubhumi

1926: Birth of Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri, Indian poet
http://www.akkitham.in/biography.html

1928: Birth of Julia Mullock, American born Princess of Korea who died on 26 November 2017
https://www.historyofroyalwomen.com/korea/julia-mullock-the-american-empress-of-korea/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julia_Mullock

1928: Birth of Fidel Ramos, president of the Philippines from June 1992 to June 1998
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1022/today-in-philippine-history-on-march-18-1928-fidel-ramos-was-born-in-lingayen-pangasinan
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Fidel_Valdez_Ramos.aspx

Fidel Ramos 2009

1938: Birth of Shashi Kapoor, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shashi_Kapoor
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/18-march-1938-shashi-kapoor-indian-actor-was-born

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mggI9ypTUQ

1945: Birth of Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroh_Kikai

1946: After the agreement between French delegate Sainteny and Ho Chi Minh, General Leclerc enters in Hanoi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WCzSSt5HAv8

1950: In a surprise raid on the communist People’s Republic of China (PRC), military forces of the Nationalist Chinese government on Taiwan invade the mainland and capture the town of Sungmen
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nationalist-chinese-forces-invade-mainland-china

1950: Birth of Eiji Okuda, Japanese actor and film director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiji_Okuda
http://asianmediawiki.com/Eiji_Okuda

1953: Birth of Takashi Yoshimatsu, Japanese composer
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/takashi-yoshimatsu-mn0001781805/biography

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1THvmUseQ1M

Takashi Yoshimatsu

1955: Prime minister Ichiro Hatoyama is re-elected by Diet vote, defeating the socialist Mosaburo Suzuki in this election
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichir%C5%8D_Hatoyama

1962: Birth of Etsushi Toyokawa, Japanese actor
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Toyokawa_Etsushi
http://eiga.wikia.com/wiki/Etsushi_Toyokawa

1966: In Indonesia, General Suharto forms his first government as president

1968: Killing of Moro soldiers by members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, known as the Corregidor Massacre
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jabidah_massacre
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1467/today-in-philippine-history-march-18-1968-the-jabidah-commando-was-massacred-in-corregidor
http://corregidor.org/heritage_battalion/jabidah.html

1969: Beginning of Operation Menu, heavy US bombing on Cambodia
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-bombs-cambodia-for-the-first-t23:36:04ime
https://sites.google.com/site/thesecretbombingofcambodia/introduction
http://study.com/academy/lesson/cambodia-and-laos-impact-of-major-operations-under-nixon.html

1969-03-18 Opération Menu

1970: In Cambodia, coup d’état by rightist factions led by prince Sirik Matak and general Lon Nol with US support. Beginning of Lon Nol’s military regime. Sihanouk flees to China
http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow/history/coup.html
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/lon-nol-ousts-prince-Sihanouk

1970-03-18 Lon Nol coup

1974: Former Cambodian capital Oudong is captured by the Khmer Rouge. The 20,000 inhabitants are killed or deported
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oudong

1977: US restricts citizens from visiting Vietnam, North Korea & Cambodia

1978: Birth of Juris Fernandez, Filipino singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juris_Fernandez
http://www.pinoystop.com/bio/celebrity-profile/1731/juris-fernandez-biography

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s4jonqWz1qI

1978: Pakistan former Prime Minister Ali Bhutto is sentenced to death


http://www.dawn.com/news/1130029
http://www.biographybase.com/biography/Bhutto_Ali.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uCC7hAsIQrE

1981: Birth of Jang Nara, Korean singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jang_Na-ra

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZA6p4t_VKO4

1998: Prince Norodom Ranariddh, co-Premier minister, ousted the prior year by Hun Sen, is sentenced in absentia to 30 years in prison for plot
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/138763.stm

2000: In the second ever direct elections for President and Vice President of the Republic of China on Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian and Annette Lu of the Democratic Progressive Party are elected president and vice president, respectively. This puts an end to more than half a century of Kuomintang rule on Taiwan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2172980.stm
http://www.taiwandc.org/elec2000.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ROC_presidential_election,_2000

Chen Shui-bian président

2001: India gets a one billion population
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(05)73073-7/abstract

2001: In Afghanistan, the mullah Mohammad Omar, leader of the Taliban order the destruction of all the Buddha statues
http://everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1161617

2002: U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Anaconda
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/oef-anaconda.htm

2008: Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah unveils his new cabinet
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7303560.stm

2012: East Timor’s President Jose Ramos-Horta fails to make the run-off in the country’s presidential election. The second-round vote will see Francisco Guterres face off against Taur Matan Ruak
http://www.france24.com/en/20120318-east-timor-president-fails-make-election-run-off-jose-ramos-horta

2014: Cambodian Prince Ranariddh forms new political party
https://www.cambodiadaily.com/archives/ranariddh-plays-to-old-politics-with-new-party-54281/

2015: Taiwan protesters mark the first anniversary of the student-led « Sunflower Movement », which saw the occupation of parliament for more than three weeks over a trade pact with China.
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2015/03/19/2003613879

2015: Japan’s ruling parties reach broad agreement that paves the way for the most drastic change in the nation’s security policy in six decades and sets the stage to update guidelines for defence cooperation with Washington.
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/03/18/national/politics-diplomacy/komeito-agrees-to-permanent-law-on-dispatch-of-sdf/#.VQn41e9_lMs

2016: Representatives of the US and the Philippines reach a deal on five locations for US troops on the island country. The move comes as tensions with Beijing rise over territorial disputes in the South China Sea
http://www.dw.com/en/us-agrees-with-manila-on-bases-in-philippines/a-19128268

2016: Chinese journalist Jia Jia goes missing after letter critical of the president
http://www.dw.com/en/chinese-journalist-jia-jia-goes-missing-after-letter-critical-of-the-president/a-19126572
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-35828918

2018: Death of Taiwan’s famous writer and political commentator Li Ao at the age of 83
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/renowned-taiwan-writer-li-ao-dies-aged-83
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-43458915
http://www.theindependent.sg/li-ao-writer-of-96-banned-books-in-taiwan-dies-at-82/

On 17 March in Asian history

ON 17 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 17, 2019

1001: Kiling, the Rajah of Butuan in the island of Mindanao (Philippines) sends a tributary mission to the Song Dynasty of China
http://thebulwaganfoundation.wordpress.com/2010/09/01/the-kingdom-of-butuan/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Butuan

1231: Birth of the 87th Japanese emperor Shijo in 1232, who died in an accident on February 10, 1242
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Shij%C5%8D

1272: Death of Go-Saga, the 88th emperor of Japan (1232-1246), born on April, 1, 1220
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Saga

1425: Death of Ashikaga Yoshikazu, 5th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate from 1423 to 1425
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashikaga_Yoshikazu

1537: Birth of Toyotomi Hideyoshi one of the great unifiers of Japan, who died on 18 September 1598
https://www.thoughtco.com/toyotomi-hideyoshi-195660
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/01/19/national/history/toyotomi-hideyoshi-brutality-victory/#.XEWEqfZFw2y

1798: The Dutch East India Company is dissolved
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_East_India_Company

1824: British and Dutch sign Treaty of London and divide the Indies between themselves. The Dutch claim Sumatra, Java, Maluku, Irian Jaya, and so on. The British claim Malaya and Singapore, and retain an interest in North Borneo. Aceh is supposed to remain independent
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/history/events/5005d886-9c27-421e-a22d-44fb5965350c
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Dutch_Treaty_of_1824

1864: Birth of Joseph Baptista, Indian Home Rule Movement founder who died in 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Baptista

1890: Anglo-Chinese convention of Calcutta (Kolkata), which established the Tibetan renunciation of suzerainty over Sikkim, and delimited the border between Tibet and Sikkim
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikkim_Expedition
http://www.tibetjustice.org/materials/treaties/treaties9.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3183.html

1894: USA & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering USA

1907: Birth of Takeo Miki, 66th Japanese premier (1974-1976), who died on November 4, 1988
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takeo_Miki

1919: China’s first batch of work-study students in France leave Shanghai to France. Among them, the next year, will be Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping
https://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/long-reads/article/2173319/trail-deng-xiaoping-french-town-where-he-embraced

Deng à 16 ans

 1920: Birth of Sheik Mujibur Rahman, father of Bangladesh independence (1971) assassinated on August 15, 1975
https://biographybd.com/sheikh-mujibur-rahman/

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 3

1939: The Battle of Nanchang, between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanchang
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=178
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2169.html

1939-03-17 Nanchang battle starts

1941: Birth of Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese KMT politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Jin-pyng

1942: General MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander of Allied forces in the southwest Pacific theater during World War II
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0317.html#article

1946: Death of Dai Li, Chinese Chiang Kai-shek head of secret police, born on May 17, 1897
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dai_Li
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2810.html

1953: Birth of Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary, assassinated on February 6, 2001
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filemon_Lagman
http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/54a/183.html

1957: Death of the Philippines president Ramon Magsaysay in an airplane crash
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1020/today-in-philippine-history-march-17-1957-president-ramon-magsaysay-died-in-a-plane-crash-in-cebu
http://www.rmaf.org.ph/Ramon-Magsaysay/ramon-magsaysay.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T1RLuPR9s5c

1959: Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, flees Lhasa to India


http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,864579-1,00.html
https://www.dw.com/en/the-fleeing-of-the-dalai-lama-to-india-60-years-ago/av-47830491
https://www.spectator.co.uk/2016/10/how-the-dalai-llama-escaped-tibet-in-1959/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpyEL_CX7_Q

1963: Mount Agung erupts on Bali (Indonesia). 11,000 dead
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Agung

1963: Birth of Alex Fong Chung-Sun, Hong Kong actor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_Fong_(actor)
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/fong_alex.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S0iMe42f7A4

1964: The U.S. pledges « to furnish assistance and support to South Vietnam for as long as it is required to bring Communist aggression and terrorism under control. »

1968: Anti-Vietnam war demonstration turns violent in London
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/17/newsid_2818000/2818967.stm

1970: My Lai massacre in March 1968: The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the incident

1973: Birth of Rico Blanco, Filipino singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rico_Blanco

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LRay_ussbGI

1973: Captain So Potra, a Cambodian Air force officer robs an airplane and bombs the palace of president Lon Nol. Around 20 are killed
http://idnc.library.illinois.edu/cgi-bin/illinois?a=d&d=DIL19731120.2.73

1975: Birth of Puneet Rajkumar, Indian (Kannada) actor, singer and director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puneet_Rajkumar

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDhWrR_cx_U

1979: Birth of Sharman Joshi, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharman_Joshi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1VOZYnVwxKw

1980: Death of Prince Boun Oum, twice Laos’ prime minister: 1948-1950 and 1960-1962
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boun_Oum

1998: Zhu Rongji  is elected Chinese prime minister by the National Congress, up to March 2003
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/66108.stm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3008.html

1999: In Indonesia, beginning of riots in West-Kalimantan against Madura migrants. More than 250 will be killed
http://www.theguardian.com/world/1999/mar/20/johnaglionby
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/299406.stm
http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/1999/04/indo-a06.html

Bornéo Dayaks 1

2002: Death of Van Tien Dung, Vietnamese general and politician, born on May 2, 1917
http://www.economist.com/node/1056849
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Tien_Dung

2003: Death of Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator, born on September 23, 1902
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Su_Buqing
http://www.chinavitae.com/biography/Su_Buqing/full

2008: Violence spills over Tibet into neighboring provinces
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120661528938768371.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Tibetan_unrest

2009: Seven sharia (Islamic law) courts open in Pakistan’s northwest Swat Valley region as part of a peace agreement signed between tribal leaders and the government last month
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/200931715490896931.html

2012: East Timor votes in the country’s second presidential election as a free nation, as UN forces prepare to leave
http://www.france24.com/en/20120317-east-timor-test-vote-presidential-election-timor-leste

2015: Pakistan hang 12 male convicts, the largest number of people executed on the same day since an unofficial moratorium on capital punishment was lifted in December
http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/03/17/uk-pakistan-executions-idUKKBN0MD0E120150317 http://tribune.com.pk/story/854551/pakistan-hangs-12-men-in-largest-execution-since-moratorium-lifted/

2016: China resumes ties with former Taiwan ally Gambia, ending an unofficial diplomatic truce between China and Taiwan following January’s landslide election of the leader of a pro-independence party as the self-ruled island’s president
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/moving-resume-ties-gambia-china-ends-diplomatic-truce-taiwan
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2016/03/18/2003641843

2017 : China and Russia block a proposed UN Security Council statement that would have expressed concern over the tense situation in Myanmar’s Rakhine state
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/2080159/china-russia-block-un-statement-myanmar

2018: Xi Jinping gets second presidential term, with ally Wang Qishan as vice-president
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2137615/wang-qishan-chinas-new-vice-president-after
http://www.france24.com/en/20180317-china-xi-jinping-reappointed-second-term-president
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-43440877

2018: U.S. president signs Taiwan Travel Act despite warnings from China
http://www.dw.com/en/donald-trump-signs-taiwan-travel-act-drawing-chinas-ire/a-43018787
https://www.trtworld.com/asia/china-says-it-is-resolutely-opposed-to-new-us-law-on-ties-with-taiwan-15994
https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3384344

2018: Vietnam’s reformist ex-PM Phan Van Khai dies at age 84
http://www.dw.com/en/vietnams-reformist-ex-pm-phan-van-khai-dies-at-age-84/a-43020787
https://tuoitrenews.vn/news/politics/20180317/former-vietnamese-premier-phan-van-khai-dies-aged-85/44577.html
http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/424640/state-funeral-for-former-pm-phan-van-khai.html#o16ToGKzh2HbtzmD.97

 


Holidays and observances

Children’s Day (Bangladesh)

Thailand: National Muay Thai Day

On 16 March in Asian history

1968-03-16 My Lai massacre

ON 16 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 16, 2019

934: Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor and establishes Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meng_Zhixiang

1399: Birth of Xuande Emperor of China who died on January 31, 1435
http://literariasexperiencias.blogspot.fr/2008/09/xuande-emperor.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xuande_Emperor

1521: Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1595/today-in-philippine-history-march-16-1521-magellan-sighted-the-eastern-coast-of-samar
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Ferdinand+Magellan 

1527: The Emperor Babur defeated the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha in India
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Khanwa
http://www.agefotostock.com/en/Stock-Images/Rights-Managed/RPL-063508

1792: Tippoo Sahib, the sultan of Mysore, surrenders to British forces in India on this date, ending his campaign against colonial rule. A treaty will be signed at Seringapatam on March 18
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Anglo-Mysore_War

1800: Birth of Ninko, the 120th Japanese emperor (1817-1846) who died in February 1846
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Nink%C5%8D

1886: Birth of Kim Tu-bong, founder of the Worker Party of North Korean on August 28, 1946
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Tu-bong
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/opinon/2008/04/166_9400.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workers_Party_of_North_Korea

1901: Birth of Potti Sriramulu, Indian revolutionary, who died of fasting on December 16, 1952
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potti_Sreeramulu
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/amarajeevi-potti-sriramulu/article3041562.ece
http://www.thehindu.com/thehindu/mp/2002/11/11/stories/2002111101540200.htm

Potti Sriramulu

1908: China released the Japanese steamship Tatsu Maru
http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=PBH19080411.2.112&l=mi&e=——-10–1—-0–https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=LAH19080306.2.2

1940 : Birth of Sreekumaran Thampi, Malayalam lyricist and filmmaker
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sreekumaran_Thampi

1942: Birth of James Soong, Taiwanese politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Soong

1943: Birth of Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor who died on April 16, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Mu-saeng

1945: Pacific War, Allies declare Iwo Jima secured
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/fighting-on-iwo-jima-ends
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_iwo_jima.htm

1947: Birth of Baek Yoon-sik, South Korean actor
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Baek_Yoon-sik
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Baek_Yoon-sik.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S0I52BpsYCw

1961: Death of Chen Geng, Chinese military leader, born on February 27, 1903
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Geng
http://www.china.org.cn/english/China/218948.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2289.html

1961: Birth of Michiru Oshima, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michiru_Oshima

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HPdeUaey_P4

1968: In South Vietnam, massacre of My Lai. 504 civilians including 182 women and 173 children are killed by an US platoon
1968-03-16 My Lai massacre
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-troops-massacre-south-vietnamese
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/03/survivors-recall-lai-massacre-180311114839039.html

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/03/survivors-recall-lai-massacre-180311114839039.html

1968: Birth of Ananya Khare, Indian actress and teacher
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ananya_Khare

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E5-kspAuN1k

1975: In Vietnam War, South Vietnamese troops withdrawal from Pleiku and Kontum begins, as thousands of civilians join the soldiers streaming down Route 7B toward the sea
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/south-vietnamese-flee-pleiku-and-kontum

1975-03-16 Central_Highlands_Evacuation

1977: In India, Indira Gandhi loses the elections
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_1977

1979: The last Chinese troops leave Vietnam after a month-long war
 
http://militaryhistorynow.com/2012/11/01/red-vs-red-chinas-bloody-month-long-war-with-vietnam/
http://sinovietnamesewar.com/
http://china-underground.com/2016/04/09/sino-vietnamise-war-images/?rdp_we_resource=https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FSino-Vietnamese_War

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4_-AtXF1G4

1993: Chishu Ryu, Japanese actor (Autumn Afternoon), dies of cancer at 86
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-chishu-ryu-1498760.html
http://www.a2pcinema.com/ozu-san/ozu/collaborators/ryu_c.htm

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KiAWJKgrAko

1996: US Congress approved the sale of weapons to Taiwan
http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1996-08-24/news/9608240092_1_stinger-renegade-province-taiwan
https://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCEQFjAA&url=https%3A%2F%2Ffas.org%2Fsgp%2Fcrs%2Fweapons%2FRL30957.pdf&ei=cbgFVa_2CMP2UrvLg6AB&usg=AFQjCNElZpO33hJZa0Rojgb-cBUFvwh21w&sig2=_CGPeYsIRTiTlt7rdvCHYg

1999: The first bus line between Delhi and Lahore is opened
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delhi%E2%80%93Lahore_Bus

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xX6Sw_r8MpU

2003: Wen Jiabao replaces Zhu Rongji as Chinese Prime Minister
http://www.chinatoday.com/who/w/wen-jiabao.htm

Wen Jiabao 2003-03-16

2009: Pakistan’s government announces the reinstatement of Iftikhar Chaudhry, the deposed chief justice, in a bid to defuse the country’s political crisis and end a protest march that was threatening to turn into a violent confrontation
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7945294.stm

2009: Direct cruise ship lines open as cross-strait relations between China and Taiwan
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=14734&geo=6&size=A

2010: Sri Lanka’s ex-army chief Sarath Fonseka appears before a military court on charges of participating in politics while in uniform
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8569405.stm

2011: Japanese Emperor Akihito makes an unprecedented televised address to his disaster-stricken nation, saying he was « deeply worried » by the crisis at damaged nuclear reactors and urging people to help each other in difficult times
http://www.france24.com/en/20110316-Japan-earthquake-akihito-emperors-rare-tv-appearance-underscores-gravity-nuclear-crisis

2012: Death of Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, philosopher, and critic, born on November 25, 1924
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2012/03/17/national/literary-critic-yoshimoto-dies-at-87/#.WMnLrOR-s2w
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takaaki_Yoshimoto

2015: The eldest daughter of Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim, Nurul Izzah, is arrested for sedition after reading out in parliament parts of a speech by her father criticising his recent jailing
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-03-16/anwar-ibrahim-daughter-nurul-izzah-arrested-for-sedition/6324050
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/03/malaysian-police-arrest-anwar-daughter-150316081657370.html