On 17 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 17, 2018

1402: Coronation of Yongle, third emperor of the China Song dynasty, born on 2 May 1360 and died on August 12, 1424

1489 : Sikandar Lodi (Nizam Khan) is crowned Sultan of Delhi

Sikandar Lodi

1531: Death of Hosokawa Takakuni, the most powerful Japanese military commander in the Muromachi period under Ashikaga Yoshiharu shogun

1708: Amangkurat III, sultan of Mataram, surrenders himself at Surabaya, after receiving a false VOC (Dutch Indies Company) promise of lands and freedom in exchange for surrender

1831: Birth of Xianfeng, eighth emperor of the Chinese Qing dynasty (1850-1861) who died on August 22, 1861

1883: Death of Tu Duc, emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam since 1847, born on September 22, 1829

1929: USSR breaks diplomatic relations with China

1941: Birth of Bharathiraja, Indian film director

1948: Proclamation of the constitution of the Republique of Korea (South Korea)

1958: Birth of Wong Kar Wai, Hong Kong director and screenwriter

1966: Ho Chi Minh orders a partial mobilization of North Vietnam forces to defend against American air strikes

1973: Afghan Premier, Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan, seizes power from his cousin and brother-in-law, the king Zahir Shah  and establishes the Republic with him as president
1973-07-17 Mohammad Daoud
1976: Annexed East Timor becomes the 27th province of Indonesia

1977: Birth of Lehmber Hussainpuri, Famous Indian Singer

1980: Birth of Tokio Sasaki, Japanese actor


1980: Zenko Suzuki becomes the 70th Prime Minister of Japan until November 1982

1984: Birth of Asami Kimura, Japanese singer

1987: Death of Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor, born on December 28, 1934

1996 : M. Karunanidhi, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, announces in the state assembly that the state capital of Madras would from then on be known as Chennai

1998: A violent tsunami hits Papua New Guinea causing more than 2,000 deads

2009: At least nine people have been killed and scores injured in near simultaneous bomb blasts at two luxury hotels in the Indonesia’s capital, Jakarta

2009: Pakistani former prime minister Nawaz Sharif. is found not guilty of « hijacking » then army chief Pervez Musharraf’s plane, by not allowing it to land in October of 1999

2010: Hong Kong passes its first-ever minimum wage law, a rare departure from the wealthy Chinese financial hub’s free-market philosophy

2011: NATO hands over responsibility for security to local forces in the peaceful Afghan province of Bamiyan , in the first step of a gradual transition process due to be completed by 2014 and paving the way for foreign forces to return home

2013: Death of Maj-Gen Sanyahak Phomvihane, a fast-rising star in the ruling communist party in Laos, aged 45

2014: Malaysian jet MH17 is ‘shot down’ over Ukraine killing all 298 people abord

2014: Death of J. Sasikumar, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter, born on October 14, 1928

2014: Heavily-armed Taliban militants attack the Kabul International Airport, firing rockets and occupying two unused buildings before they were gunned down by Afghan security forces


Holidays and observances

South Korea: Constitution Day

Kyoto, Japan: Gion Matsuri

On 16 July in Asian history

1900-07-16 Russia attack in Mandchuria


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Updated on July 16, 2018

1324: Death of Go-Uda, 91st emperor of Japan (1274-1287), born on December 1267

1683: Chinese Qing dynasty naval force, under Admiral Shi Lang, defeats the Taiwan kingdom of Tungning (founded by Koxinga) in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands

1863: Battle of Shimonoseki Straits a naval engagement by a warship of the US Navy, the USS Wyoming, against the powerful feudal Japanese warlord or daimyo Lord Mori Takachika of the Choshu clan

1863-07-16 Battle of Shimonoseki Strait

1894: The British Treaty of commerce and navigation with Japan, or Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley, is signed in London

1900: Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria

1900-07-16 Russia attack in Mandchuria

1909: Birth of Anura Asaf Ali, social worker and heroine of Indian independence who died on July 29, 1996

Aruna Asaf Ali

1918: Birth of Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor who died on January 27, 1989

1919: Birth of Choi Kyu-ha, prime minister, then shortly president of South Korea (1979-1980) who died on October 22, 2006

1920: China joins the League of Nations

1935: Death of Zheng Zhengqiu, Shanghai screenwriter, director and playwright, born on January 25, 1889

1936: Birth of Yasuo Fukuda, Japanese Prime Minister from September 2007 to September 2008

1945: Draft of constitution for the Republic of Indonesia completed by Sukarno

1948: The storming of the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane, marks the first skyjacking of a commercial plane

1954: French rule ends in Mahe with de facto power being transferred to the people and the Indian flag hoisted.

1960: Soviet Union breaks off with China and calls back all its experts in China while suspending all cooperation agreements

1965: South Vietnamese Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo, an undetected communist spy—was hunted down and killed after being sentenced to death in absentia for a February 1965 coup attempt against Nguyễn Khánh

1970: Birth of Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director

1981: Mahathir Mohamad becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia, replacing Tun Hussein Onn, until October 31, 2003

Mahathir jeune

1984: Birth of Katrina Kaif, Indian actress

1990: The Luzon Earthquake strikes in Benguet, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Aurora, Bataan, Zambales and Tarlac, Philippines, with an intensity of 7.7 Killing over 1600 people

1999: Hiromi Yanagihara, Japanese singer, dies in a car accident. She was born on October 19, 1979

2001: End of the Indo-Pakistani Agra summit between Indian Vajpayee and Pakistani Musharraf : Failure

2001: Chinese president Jiang Zemin and his Russian counterpart Putin sign a Treaty of Amity, the second one in history

2001-07-16 Traité amitié

2001: For the first time, Aung San Suu Kyi, don’t attend  the Martyrs’ Day ceremony in memory of the assassination of her father in 1947

2004: Brunei sultan announces the restoration of the Legislative Council suspended since 1984

2004: Retired Air Force Gen. Charles W. Sweeney, who piloted the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki dies at age 84

2004: Beginning of the withdrawal of 3,600 US soldiers from South Korea to send them in Iraq

2005: In Taiwan, Ma Ying-jeou, Mayor of Taipei is elected chairman of the KMT, up to February 2007

2005: Death of Prince Yi Gu, born in 1931 and a claimant to the throne of Korea

2009: India said formal peace talks with Pakistan could not resume until those behind last year’s Mumbai attacks were brought to justice

2010: Sri Lankan police have filed a new case against Sarath Fonseka, the former army chief and defeated presidential candidate, for allegedly employing military deserters, according to his political party

2010: The Bangladeshi government has ordered mosques and libraries across the country to remove all books written by a controversial Islamic scholar, Syed Abul Ala Maududi who encouraged « militancy and terrorism ». Mr Maududi – who died in 1979 – is the founder of the Jamaat-e-Islami party

2011: A Chinese bishop ordained without papal approval is excommunicated for accepting his new post. The Rev. Joseph Huang Bingzhang, was ordained as bishop of the Diocese of Shantou by China’s state-run Catholic Church. He is the third bishop to be appointed without papal approval in recent months

2011: U.S. President Barack Obama stress the importance of protecting the human rights of Tibetans in a meeting at the White House with the Dalai Lama

2012: Marking what may be the beginning of a purge of older officials, North Korean military chief Ri Yong-ho has been removed from his post 

2012: In East Timor protesters angry that their party was shut out of the incoming government have thrown stones at officers, burned or destroyed 58 cars and damaged some houses. The protesters are supporters of the Fretilin party, which finished second to Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao’s party in July 7 parliamentary elections

2013: Panama launches a major investigation after drugs agents raided a ship travelling from Cuba to North Korea and discovered “missile components” stashed beneath a cargo of sugar

2015 : Japan’s House of Representatives approves of a package of 11 security bills that would allow its Self-Defense Forces to assist its allies abroad, even if there is no direct threat to Japan, for the first time since the end of World War II

On 15 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 15, 2018

756: While fleeing An Lushan Rebellion, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang is ordered by his Imperial Guards to execute chancellor Yang Guozhong by forcing him to commit suicide or face a mutiny. He permits his consort Yang Guifei to be strangled by his chief eunuch. General An Lushan has other members of the emperor’s family killed

756: Yang Guifei, concubine of emperor Xuanzong and one of the most famous women in China history, is forced to commit suicide

1571: Death of Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, born on May 28, 1514

1613: Birth of Gu Yanwu, Chinese philologist and geographer who died on February 15, 1682–returning-the-gaze-an-experiment-in-reviving-gu-yanwu-1613?rgn=main;view=fulltext

1871: Birth of Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer who died on June 1908

1888: In Japan, the stratovolcano Mount Bandai erupts killing approximately 500 people

1893: Birth of Nurul Amin, a prominent Bengali leader of Pakistan’s Muslim League, Chief Minister of East-Pakistan, Prime Minister and vice-president of Pakistan who died on October 2, 1974

1903: Birth of Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician, who died on October 20, 1975

1904: The first Buddhist temple in the US is established in Los Angeles

1905: Birth of Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, Prime Minister of Pakistan from August 1955 to September 1956, who died on December 2, 1980

1907: Death of Qiu Jin, born on November 8, 1875, a Chinese anti-Qing Empire revolutionary, feminist and writer. Executed after a failed uprising and today considered a hero in China

1914: Birth of  Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries who died on October 9 1999

1917: Birth of Nur Muhammad Taraki, Afghan president killed on September 14, 1979

1922: Foundation of the Japanese Communist Party

1935: Birth of Thilakan, Indian actor, who died on September 24, 2012

1942: The first supply flight from India to China over the «hump» was carried to help China’s war effort

1942: Wenceslao Vinzons, Filipino politician and resistance leader, is bayoneted to death, born on September 28, 1910

1946: Birth of Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei

1946: Assassination of Wen Yiduo, Chinese scholar and poet, born on November 24, 1899

1963: Death of Muhammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan PM (1953-1955), born on August 12, 1909

1966: The United States and South Vietnam begin Operation Hastings to push the North Vietnamese out of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone.

1968: Death of Cai Chusheng, Chinese film director, born on January 12, 1906

1971: A Sino-American communiqué announces the visit of President Nixon to China

1971: The United Red Army is founded in Japan

1974: Birth of Chot Ulep, Filipino musician

1975: The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Provisional Revolutionary Government (South Vietnam communists) ask their admission to the United Nations

1979: Morarji Desai resigns as Indian Prime Minister

1982: Nguyen Co Tach announces the beginning of the first Vietnamese troops withdrawal from Cambodia

1992: Birth of Koharu Kusumi, Japanese singer

1993: First meeting between Nepalese Home minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and his Bhutanese counterpart  Dago Tshring on the refugees question

2001: In Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina resigns as prime minister

2002: Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl

2002: US citizen John Walker Lindh pleads guilty supplying services to Afghanistan’s former Taliban government and for carrying explosives

2010: India’s foreign minister arrives in the Pakistani capital Islamabad to hold talks with his counterpart and resume a tentative cross-border dialogue that was derailed by the 2008 Mumbai attacks–98494764.html

2011: Three U.S. Navy ships are welcomed by former foe Vietnam for joint training, despite China’s irritation following weeks of fiery exchanges between the communist neighbors over disputed areas of the South China Sea

2011: The first batch of departing U.S. soldiers left Afghanistan this week, beginning a drawdown of 10,000 American troops scheduled to leave by year’s end

2012: In Vietnam, more than 10 thousand Catholics marched in different areas of the diocese of Vinh to demand respect for religious freedom against threats and violence of the government. On the eve of the marches, to intimidate the Catholics, the authorities deployed tanks outside the bishop’s residence, with patrols by gangs of thugs and soldiers

2012: Former Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed is charged with illegally ordering the arrest of a senior judge

2012: Death of Yoichi Takabayashi, Japanese director, born on April 29, 1931

2013: In Bangladesh, Deadly clashes erupt after Ghulam Azam, spiritual head of Jamaat-e-Islami, given 90 years over war of independence role

2015: Death of Wan Li, a major Chinese Communist political figure who served as vice premier and who was seen as a liberal voice in the Communist leadership. He was 98.


On 14 July in Asian history

1900-07-14 Prise de Tientsin


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Updated on July 14, 2018

756: Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty China flees the capital Chang’an as An Lushan’s forces advance toward the city during the An Lushan Rebellion

1636 : Aurangzeb is appointed the Viceroy of Deccan by his father and Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

1853: US commodore Matthew Perry lands at Kurihama (Yokosuka) and gives the shogun one letter from USA’s president asking for trade relations

1885: Birth of Laos king Sisavang Vong (1904-1959) who died on October 29, 1950

Sisavang Vong 2

1893: Birth of Garimella Satyanarayana, Indian poet and Freedom fighter who died on December 18, 1952

1897: Birth of Plaek Pibulsonggram, twice prime minister of Thailand  (1938-1944 and 1948-1957), who died on June 11, 1964

1900: During the Boxer Rebellion, the Eight-Power Allied Forces occupy Tianjin

1900-07-14 Prise de Tientsin

1908: In Japan, second government Katsura Taro (up to August 1911)

1920: Birth of Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician who died on February 26,  2004

1937: Birth of Yoshiro Mori, Japanese Prime Minister from April 5, 2000 to April 26, 2001


1943: Birth of Rohana Wijeweera, founder of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) or People’s Liberation Front, in Sri Lanka, killed on 13 November 1989

1946: Following the independence, Americano-Philippine agreement on US military bases in the Philippines

1950: Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon

1963: Relations between the Soviet Union and China reach the breaking point as the two governments engage in an angry ideological debate about the future of communism

1963: Death of Indian religious leader Swami Shivanand Saraswati, born on September 8, 1887

1964: US military intelligence publicly charges that North Vietnamese regular army are fighting in South Vietnam

1968: Birth of Kazushi Sakuraba, Japanese mixed martial artist/professional wrestler

1975: Death of Madan Mohan, Indian Bollywood film director, born on July 25, 1924

1978: Kampuchea Khmer Rouge Vice Premier Ieng Sary, pays a visit to Bangkok

1984: In a telegram to Khieu Samphan, Prince Sihanouk threatens to resign as chairman of the coalition government of Democratic Kampuchea if Khmer Rouges forces don’t stop its attacks against his National Army

1985: Khmer Rouge announce that a future Cambodia government should be « liberal on economy and parliamentary in politics »

1987: In Taiwan, the martial law in force since 1949 is lift and the family links with Communist China are now authorized

1998: Zhu Lilan, Minister of Technologies, is the first member of Beijing government to go to Taiwan for an international seminar 

2001: First day of a three-day summit in Agra between Indian premier Vajpayee and Pakistani president Musharraf

2001: In Nepal, after the kidnapping of 71 policemen, the Nepali army is send for the first against the communist rebellion. 160 guerrillas are killed

2003: Indonesian Fathur Rahman al-Ghozi, member of Jemaah Islamiyah, who planned deadly attacks in the Philippines, escapes from jail with the complicity of Philippine officers

2004: Giving in to the blackmail of the kidnappers of a Filipino in Irak, Manila starts to withdraw its 51 soldiers in that country

2004: In Cambodia, following an agreement between Funcipec and PPC parties signed on June 30, king Sihanouk reappoints Hun Sen as Premier, putting an end to an 11 months crisis. Hun gets 60 % of the members of the cabinet

2007: North Korea closes its Yongbyon nuclear reactor, but the total end of its nuclear programme has to be discussed

2008: Indonesia is blamed by a joint commission for 1999 violence in East Timor

2011: After revealing that Arroyo and her husband Jose Miguel had ordered the rigging of the 2007 senatorial elections in Maguindanao, Zaldy Ampatuan also claimed that the former president got some P200 million in kickbacks from road projects in the ARMM.

2017: Anti-Beijing Hong Kong lawmakers disqualified from parliament

2017: ISIL leader in Afghanistan ‘killed in US raid’

On 13 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 13, 2018

716: Death of Rui Zong, Chinese emperor of the Tang Dynasty, born on June 22, 662

815: Chinese Chancellor Wu Yuanheng is assassinated, born in 758

884: Death of Tang Dynasty 10 years long peasant uprising leader Huang Chao

1402: Death of Chinese emperor Jianwen, born on December 5, 1377 and enthroned on June 30, 1398

1660: Battle of Pavan Khind, a rear guard battle that took place in the vicinity of fort Vishalgad, near the city of Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India, between the Maratha sardar Baji Prabhu Deshpande and Siddi Masud of Adilshah

1761: Death of Tokugawa Ieshige, the ninth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, born on January 28, 1712

1830: The General Assembly’s Institution, now the Scottish Church College, one of the pioneering institutions that ushered the Bengal Renaissance, is founded by Alexander Duff and Raja Ram Mohan Roy, in Calcutta, India

1892: Birth of Kesarbai Kerkar, Indian singer who died on September 16, 1977

1905: Birth of Alfredo M. Santos, Filipino military leader who died on February 7, 1990

1905: Gandhi opposes the Bengal Partition (which will be effective in october) and supports boycott of British-made goods

1905-10-16 Bengal partition

1908: Birth of Taiwan painter Lee Shih-chiao who died on July 7, 1995

Lee Shih-chiao

1909: Birth of Souvine Souphanouvong, first president of Laos (1975-1991) who died on January 9, 1995

1911: Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; one reason why Japan will join WWI on the Allies side

1915: Birth of Kaoru Ishikawa Japanese university professor and influential quality author, who died on April 16, 1989

1939: Birth of Prakash Mehra, Indian director and producer who died on May 17, 2009

Prakash Mehra

1950: Birth of Ma Ying-jeou, president of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2008 to 2016

Ma Ying-jeou 5

1953: Beginning of the Kumsong battle, one of the last ones during the Korea War

1954: In Geneva, the US, Great-Britain and France reach an accord on Indochina which divides Vietnam into two countries North and South along the 17th parallel, leading to the 21 July general accord

1968: Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York, a Republican presidential candidate, reveals a four-stage peace plan that, he argues, could end the war in six months if North Vietnam assented to it

1970: Death in Taiwan of warlord Sheng Shicai, governor of Xinjiang from 1933 to 1944 under Soviet Union protection

1976: Birth of Tang Jiali, Chinese dancer and model

1978: Albania drops its diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China

1981: In New York, international conference on Cambodia, boycotted by Vietnam and Soviet Union. China opposes an Asean suggestion for a disarmament of the Khmer Rouge before elections in Cambodia

1989: Birth of Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer

1998: Japanese prime minister Ryutaro Hashimoto resigns after stunning election loss

2003: Salamat Hashim, chairman of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (Milf) is killed by armed forces

2008: Battle of Wanat begins when Taliban & al-Qaeda guerrillas attack US Army & Afghan National Army troops in Afghanistan. The U.S. deaths were, at that time, the most in a single battle since the beginning of operations in 2001

2010: The United States and Laos pledge to step up cooperation after their highest level governmental talks since the end of the Vietnam War in the mid-1970s

2012: Days of heated diplomacy at Southeast Asian talks have ended in failure, as deep splits over China prevented the ASEAN grouping from issuing its customary joint statement for the first time 

2012: Two days after President Obama formally lifted prohibitions on U.S. investment in Burma, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton meets with Burmese President Thein Sein, marking another step in the administration’s rapid normalization

2013: Bhutan’s opposition party People’s Democratic Party storms to power after winning 32 seats out of 47 in nation’s second parliamentary elections

2016: People across the Philippines are celebrating victory after an international court in The Hague ruled China has no historic title over the waters of the South China Sea

2017: Liu Xiaobo, Nobel laureate and political prisoner, dies at 61 in Chinese custody

On 12 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 12, 2018

1394: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshinori, 6th Japanese shogun (1429-1441) of the Ashikaga shogunate

1441: Japanese shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori is assassinated

1489 : Death in Delhi of Bahlol Khan Lodi, founder of the Lodi Dynasty, born on April 12, 1451

1527: Lê Cung Hoàng cedes the throne to Mạc Đăng Dung, ending the Lê dynasty and starting the Mạc dynasty

Mạc Đăng Dung

1660: Shivaji, king of Maratha, escape from long besieged fort of Panhala

1799: Ranjit Singh conquers Lahore and becomes Maharaja of The Punjab Sikh Empire

1900: Birth of Chhabi Biswas, Indian actor and director who died on June 11, 1962

1905: The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902) for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power

1917: End of a 11 days attempt of restoration of the Manchu dynasty by General Zhang Xun

1918: Japanese Imperial Navy battleship Kawachi blows up at Shunan western hongshu, killing at least 621

1921: The organized Outer Mongolian governing body request Russian aid in order to become independent from China

1928: Birth of Jo Myong-Rok, North Korean military official who died on November 6, 2010

1938: Birth of Jaishankar, Indian actor who died on June 30, 2000

1954: Birth of Sulakshana Pandit, Indian Film Actress/ Playback Singer

1957: The Nizari Ismaili sect of the Shiite Muslims welcomes a new spiritual leader when Prince Karim Al-Hussain of Pakistan is proclaimed Aga Khan IV

1961: Pune (India) floods due to failure of Khadakvasala and Panshet dams. Half of Pune was submerged. More than 100,000 families dislocated and death tally exceeded 2000

1966: Death of D. T. Suzuki, Japanese author, translator and teacher/lecturer, born on October 18, 1870

1967: During the Cultural Revolution, in Hong Kong, new incidents. Public buildings and police stations are attacked

1970: Birth of Lee Byung-hun, South Korean actor

1970: China agrees to give Tanzania and Zambia an interest free loan repayable in thirty years to cover costs of constructing the Tanzam railway

Tanzam construction

1973: Violent US air bombing on Khmer Rouge positions around Phnom Penh

1976: Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia recognize the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRVN) after the merging of North and South Vietnam

1991: Hitoshi Igarashi, Japanese interpreter of the Satanic Verses is murdered

Hitoshi Igarashi

1997: Birth of Malala Yousafzai, young Pakistani activist, Nobel Peace Prize 2014


1999: Death of Rajendra Kumar, Indian actor, born on July 29, 1929

2007: In the scope of the progressive closing of North Korea Yongbyon nuclear reactor, first delivering of oil to Pyongyang

2008: In Six-party talks in Beijing, North Korea agrees to nuclear checks

2011: Ahmed Wali Karzai, half brother to the Afghan president and one of the most powerful men in the country, is killed in Kandahar city by a close associate

2011: France will pull out a quarter of its 4,000 troops based in Afghanistan by the end of 2012, French President Nicolas Sarkozy says during a brief visit to the country.

2011: Pakistan’s Defence Minister Ahmed Mukhtar threatens to withdraw troops from the Afghan border in response to a decision by the US to withhold $800 million in security aid

2013: Cambodian opposition leader Sam Rainsy is pardoned by the country’s monarch, King Norodom Sihamoni, clearing the way for the self-exiled politician to return home and campaign in the upcoming general election

2013: Death of Pran, Indian actor, born on February 20, 1920

2013: Death of  Takako Takahashi, Japanese author, born on March 3,  1932

2015: Death of Tibetan lama Tenzin Delek Rinpoché in prison since 13 years into serving a life sentence. He was 65

2016: UN Permanent Court of Arbitration declares no legal basis for China’s claims over South China Sea: Official declaration, key points and reactions

On 11 July in Asian history



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Updated on July 11, 2018

1156: In Japan, the siege of Shirakawa-den begins

1405: Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sails for his first campaign

1628: Birth of Tokugawa Mitsukuni, famous Japanese warlord

1648: Death of Qin Liangyu, the ancient China only one female general

Qin Liangyu 2

1688: Death of King Narai of Siam (1656-1688), born in 1629

1863: In Shimonoseki Strait, a Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, killing 4

1893: The first cultural pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto

1921: After a revolt against the Chinese led by Sukhbaatar, a provisional government is formed in Outer Mongolia

1937: Birth of Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer

1947: USA announces it sends a mission led by General Wedemeyer to China during the civil war

1950: Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank

1950: Birth of Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani nuclear physicist

1952: Treaty of Amity between India and the Philippines

1953: Birth of Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu, member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India

1953: Birth of Wu Shu-chen, wife of former President Chen Shui-bian of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

1957: Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III

1961: The China-DPRK (North Korea) Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance Treaty is signed in Beijing

1961-07-11 Sino-North Korean Friendship Treaty

1966: Birth of Kentaro Miura, Japanese mangaka

1969: Birth of David Tao, Taiwanese singer-songwriter

1976: Chinese archeologists announce they have found thousands of terracotta warriors in the tomb of first Chinese emperor Qin Shihuangdi

1976-07-11 Découverte Terracottas

1980: Birth of Im Su-jeong, South Korean model and actress

1992: Death of Deng Yingchao, widow of Zhou Enlai, born on February 4, 1904

1995: United States establishes full diplomatic relations with Vietnam

1998: In Indonesia, Akbar Tanjung, a friend of President Habibie, becomes chaiman of Golkar while followers of Suharto leave the party

2001: In Cambodia, the National assembly pass a bill that authorize the trial of the former Khmer Rouge leaders

2001: Visit of Kim Yong-nam, number 2 of North Korea to Hanoi. He is the highest leader to go to Vietnam since Kim Il-sung in 1964

2001: With no more majority, Sri Lankan president Chandrika Kumaratunga suspends the parliament for two months and announces a referendum on a new constitution

2003: The Lahore-Delhi bus service resume after suspension of 18 months

2004: In Japan, renewal of half of the members of the Senate. Failure for the Liberal democratic party of PM Koizumi, but he keeps the majority thanks to his Komeito party ally

2006: 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attack in Mumbai (India)

2006: In South Korea, Kang Jae-sup is elected chairman of the Grand National Party

2007: For the first time since 1971, a train cross the India-Bangladesh border with an Indian delegation to Dakha. Before, only buses where authorized

2007: After height days of siege. The Pakistani army storm the Red Mosque in Islamabad where Islamists where entrenched

2009: China announces measures to boost cross-Straits entertainment, educational co-op with Taiwan 

2012: Veteran Japanese politician Ichiro Ozawa, who resigned from the ruling party over plans to raise sales tax, has formed a new opposition party 

2012: Korean president Lee Myung-bak’s 77-year-old elder brother, Lee Sang-deuk, is jailed

2012: The United States eased its economic sanctions on Myanmar while maintaining a ban on ties with its military, President Barack Obama announced after the appointment of the first US ambassador to Burma in two decades

2015 : Hasif Saeed, a former Taliban leader then ISIS’ leader in Afghanistan and Pakistan is killed in a U.S. drone strike

2015: China detains dozens of rights lawyers


Holidays and observances

Mongolia: First day of Naadam, independence Day

On 10 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 10, 2018

645: During the Isshi Incident, Prince Naka-no-Ōe and Fujiwara no Kamatari assassinate Soga no Iruka during a coup d’état at the imperial palace

649: Death of Li Shimin, second Chinese Tang dynasty emperor (626-649) under the name of Taizong, born on January 23, 599

1419: Birth of Go-Hanazono, 102th Japanese Emperor, who reigned from 1428 throught 1464. Died on January 18, 1471

1519: Zhu Chenhao declares the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing

1800: The British Indian Government establishes Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent

1806: The Vellore mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East Indian Company

1806-07-10 Vellore mutiny

1888: Birth of Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese evangelist, author, and activist who died on April 23, 1960

1923: Birth of Gurunath Abaji Kulkarni, Indian writer who died on December 11, 1987

1940: Birth of Meghnad Desai, British economist, born in India,_Baron_Desai

1944: Birth of K. S. Balachandran, Sri Lankan Tamil actor

K.S. Balachandran

1947: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first governor general of Pakistan by the British premier Clement Attlee

1951: At Kaesong, Korea, armistice negotiations begin between United Nations forces and North Korea

1952: Birth of Lee Hae-chan, South Korean prime minister from June 29, 2004 through March 14, 2006

1959: Death of Marcel Van, Vietnamese redemptorist

1961: Birth of Jacky Cheung, Hong Kong singer and actor

1965: Birth of Alec Mapa, Filipino-American actor and comedian

1970: Negotiations between China and Soviet Union on border rivers resume

1973: The National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh.

1980: Birth of Han Eun-jeong, South Korean actress

1983: Birth of Kim Heechul, Korean singer

1986: Death of Le Duan, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam since 1960, born on April 7, 1907

Le Duan

1988: Prince Sihanouk announces his resignation as president of the chairmanship of coalition government of Democratic Kampuchéa

1993: Death of Masugi Ibuse, Japanese author of Kuroi ame (Black rain), born on February 15, 1898

Masuji Ibuse 2

1995: In Myanmar, Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, under house of arrest since July 1989, is released

1997: Because the internal situation in Cambodia, Asean postpones Cambodia adherence

1997 bougies

2000: Death of Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, born on December 20, 1909

2003: Death of Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician

2007: Former head of China’s State Food and Drug Administration Zheng Xiaoyu is executed for corruption

2007: Abdul Rashid Ghazi, radical Pakistani cleric who led the Red Mosque resistance in Islamabad is killed

2008: In India, the communists withdraw their support to the PM Manmohan Singh who has no more majority in the parliament

2008: After more a decade of controversial, anti-racism bill is approved by Legislators in Hong Kong

2010: North Korea has said it is willing to return to the nuclear disarmament talks it abandoned 18 months ago. Pyongyang’s about-turn came after the UN Security Council condemned an attack on a South Korean warship in March that killed 46 sailors

2010: Former members of Myanmar’s officially disbanded opposition party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), have been given permission to form a new party. The National Democratic Force (NDF)

2011: The Obama administration suspends and, in some cases, cancels hundreds of millions of dollars of aid to the Pakistani military, in a move to chasten Pakistan for expelling American military trainers and to press its army to fight militants more effectively

2012: Hardline ex-general Myint Swe is named new Burma Vice President to fill the job that Tin Aung Myint Oo vacated earlier this month for health reasons

2012: Death of Dolphy, Filipino actor, singer, and producer, born on July 25, 1928

2012: Chinese bishop Ma Daqin who publicly quit the state-sanctioned Catholic Church and was made bishop with the pope’s approval was taken away by officials last weekend and is being held in his seminary

2014: Death of Zohra Sehgal, Indian actress, dancer, and choreographer, born on April 27, 1912

2016: Prominent Cambodian government critic Kem Ley is shot dead

On 9 July in Asian history

1971-07-09 Kissinger Zhou


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Updated on July 9, 2018

660: During the Battle of Hwangsanbeol; Korean forces under general Kim Yu-shin defeat the army of Baekje at Nonsan (South Korea)

781: Death of general Guo Ziyi of the Tang dynasty, born in 697

869: A magnitude 8.6s earthquake and subsequent tsunami strikes the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu, Japan

1249: Birth of Kameyama, 90th Japanese emperor (1259-1274) who died on October 4, 1305

1654: Birth of Reigen, 112 emperor of Japan (1663-1687) who died on September 24, 1732

1883: Death of Tu Duc, fourth emperor (1847-1883) of the Nguyen dynasty of Vietnam, born on September 22, 1829

1900: In China, during the Boxer Rebellion, the Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.

1908: Birth of Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, who died on December 8, 1973

1922: Death of Mori Ogai, Japanese novelist and poet, born in February 1862

1925: Birth of Guru Dutt, Indian film director, producer and actor, who died on October 10, 1964

1938: Birth of Sanjeev Kumar, Indian actor who died on November 6, 1985

1944: US victory in the Battle of Saipan which started on June 15

1944-07-09 US victory of Saipan


1947: Birth of Haruomi Hosono, Japanese musician

1948: Pakistan issues first set of postage stamps, having image of the constituent assembly, the Jinnah International Airport and the Shaki fort

1948: Birth of Hassan Wirajuda, Foreign minister of Indonesia (2001-2009)

1963: In London, signature of the agreement for the formation of the Federation of Malaysia (Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, Sabah)

1963 Signing of the Cobbold-Report 2

1966: Soviets protest US bombing of Haiphong

1967: In Hong Kong, Gurkha Nepalese troops of the British Army relieve policemen who had been attacked by Chinese communist forces at the border town of Shataukok

1970: Birth of Masami Tsuda, Japanese manga author

1971: In South Vietnam, United States turns over responsibility for the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) to South Vietnamese

1971: With the help of Pakistan, beginning of a secret visit of Secretary of State Henry kissinger to Beijing (till July 11)

1971-07-09 Kissinger Zhou

1974: Birth of Tsuyoshi Kusanagi, Japanese actor and Singer

1978: Birth of Linda Park, Korean-born actress

1979: Birth of Ella Koon, Hong Kong singer and actress

1986: Death of Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician, born on April 5, 1908

1987: One million South Koreans demonstrate against Chen Doo Hwan regime

1995: Navaly church bombing is carried out by the Sri Lankan Air Force and it killed 125 Tamil civilian refugees

1999: Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui says to a German media that negotiation with PRC must be from state to state causing severe tension with Beijing

2011: Malaysian authorities crack down on protesters demanding free and fair elections, firing tear gas and arresting more than 1,600 people.

2012: Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi makes her historic parliamentary debut, marking a new phase in her near quarter century struggle to bring democracy to her army-dominated homeland

2012: Death of Isuzu Yamada, a towering star of the Japanese screen and stage, born on February 5, 1917

2013: The annual Japanese defence white paper adopted by the cabinet said that the disputed three islands, known as Dokdo in South Korea and Takeshim in Japan, are historically Tokyo’s land under international law

2014: A UN tribunal awards Bangladesh nearly four-fifths of an area sprawling over 25,000 sq km in the Bay of Bengal, ending a three-decade old dispute over a sea border with India, officials of both countr

2014: Death of Jon Pyong Ho, chief architect of North Korea’s nuclear programme

2016: Hizbul Mujahideen top commander Burhan Wani is killed in encounter in Kashmir

2016: NATO countries agree to extend their military mission in Afghanistan amid continuing threats from the Taliban

On 8 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 8, 2018

1139: Song Dynasty general Yue Fei defeats an army led by Jin Dynasty general Wanyan Wuzhu at the Battle of Yancheng during the Jin–Song wars

1497: Departure of the of Vasco de Gama expedition which arrives in India in May 1498

1592: In the Imjin War, during the Battle of Hansando, Admiral Yi Sun-sin decisively defeats the Japanese Navy at Hasan Island

1770: Death of Suzuki Harunobu, Japanese painter, born in 1724

1853: The US commodore Matthew Perry arrives at Uraga Harbor near Edo (Tokyo) and refuses to go to Nagasaki, only port opened to foreigners

1858: After the “mopping up” campaigns of Sir Hugh Rose, the Sepoy Mutiny, that started on May 10, 1857, is officially declared finished

1864: The Shinsengumi sabotage the choshu-han shishi’s planned attack on Kyoto at Ikedaya, this event is known as Ikedaya Jiken

1914: Birth of Jyoti Basu, Indian communist politician, who died on January 17, 2010

1948: Representatives of 13 Dutch-controlled states created by Van Mook convene at Bandung, to begin process of creating United States of Indonesia

1949: Birth of Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Chief Minister of State of Andhra Pradesh, India, since 2004, who died in an helicopter crash on September 2, 2009

1950: General Douglas Mac-Arthur, the hero of the war against Japan, is appointed head of the United Nations Command in Korea

1958: Birth of Neetu Singh, Indian actress

1962: Ne Win forces besiege and dynamite the Ragoon University Student Union building to crash the Student Movement

1963: Signature of the agreement for integration of Singapore in the Federation of Malaysia

1967: Death of Fatima Jinnah, sister of Ali Jinnah and an active figure in movement for independence of Pakistan

1967: Birth of Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer

1968: Birth of Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu (vocal actor)

1969: Birth of Sugizo, Japanese guitarist and singer

1972: Birth of Shosuke Tanihara, Japanese actor

1972: US actress Jane Fonda arrives in Hanoi for a two-week trip aiming to denounce the American policy in Vietnam

1977: The ashes of Ahn Eak-tai (1906-1965), a Korean composer and conductor are transferred from the island of Majarca (Spain) to the Korean National Cemetery

1979: Death of Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese Nobel Prize in Physics (1965), born in March 1906

1986: End of ex-minister Arturo Tolentino failed pro-Marcos coup in Philippines

1994: Death of Kim Il-sung, North Korea’s communist leader, of heart attack, born on April 15, 1912

1998: In Afghanistan, the Taliban announce a ban on television sets, videocassettes-recorders, videotapes and satellites dishes

2006: Jose Ramos-Horta is appointed Prime Minister of East Timor by President Xanana Gusmao

2007: Death of Chandra Shekhar, former Indian shortly Prime Minister (November 1990 to June 1991)

2009: Indonesia’s President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono wins his second term in office. Count gave Yudhoyono 60 percent of the vote. Megawati Sukarnoputri was second at 27 percent, with Vice President Jusuf Kalla at 13 percent,_2009

2010: The United Nations recall its main representative to Sri Lanka following days of protests outside a UN office in Colombo, the capital

2011: Pakistan has reacted angrily to the US army’s top officer’s suggestion that the government « sanctioned » the killing of journalist Saleem Shahzad.

2013: Death of Sundri Uttamchandani, Indian author, born on September 28, 1924

2015 : Vietnam’s General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, meets US President Barack Obama at the White House to discuss defence issues and the running conflict with China over disputed islands in the South China Sea

2016: US and South Korea agree THAAD missile defence deployment

2016: Death of humanitarian Abdul Sattar Edhi, the Mother Teresa of Pakistan