On 17 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 17, 2019

1192: Birth of Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun who was assassinated on February 13, 1219

1786: Death of Tokugawa Ieharu, 10th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate (1760-1786), born on June 20, 1737

1867: Birth of Shiki Masaoka, Japanese poet who died on September 19, 1902

1879: Birth of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian Social Reformer who died on December 24, 1973

1894: Battle of Yalu River, the largest naval engagement in the first Sino-Japan war

1894: Death of Deng Shichang, Chinese admiral, born in 1849

1900: Battle of Mabitac. Filipino fighters outmaneuver and rout American forces on Luzon

1904: Death of Raden Ajeng Kartini (Raden Ayu Kartini), Indonesian female hero, born on 21 April 1879


1906: Birth of Junius Richard Jayewardene, president of Sri Lanka from 1978 until 1989 who died on November 1, 1996

Japan: September 12, 1979 Tokyo President of Sliranka Junius Richard JAYAWARDENE at Japan National Press Club Photo by Kaku Kurita ƒXƒŠƒ‰ƒ“ƒJ‘哝—Ì


1915: Birth of Maqbool Fida Husain, Indian painter who died on June 9, 2011

Maqbool Fida Husain

1917: Birth of Isang Yun, Korean composer who spent most of his creative career in Germany and died on November 3, 1995

1928: Birth of Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian academician and former politician who formed the Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan), who died on January 23, 2007

1930: Birth of Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist

1939: Beginning of the Battle of Changsha (up to October 6, 1939), the first attempt by Japan to take the city of Changsha, China, during the second Sino-Japanese War

1945: Death of Yu Dafu a modern Chinese short story writer and poet, killed by the Japanese military police in Sumatra,  born on December 7, 1896

1949 : The state political party of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) which means “Dravadian Progress Federation” is founded by C.N Annadurai

1950: Birth of Narendra Modi, Indian Prime Minister from May 26, 2014


1953: Birth of Altaf Hussain, Pakistani founder and leader of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s-Altaf-Hussain/article14587077.ece

1957: Malaysia joins the United Nations

1957: In Thailand , after the coup d’Etat of General Sarit Thanarat, General Pibul Songkram goes in exile

1959: Beijing announces that Marshal Lin Biao succeeds disgraced Marshal Peng Dehuai as defense minister

1962: Birth of Dustin Nguyen, Vietnamese American actor

1963: After they did not recognize that the United Kingdom gave to it its territories in Borneo, the Federation of Malaysia breaks off its diplomatic relations with The Philippines and Indonesia

1965: Beginning of the Battle of Chawinda between Pakistan and India

1968: Birth of Hong Kong artist Weng Hong (Yvonne Yung)

1970: The People’s Revolutionary Government (PRG) for South Vietnam presents a new peace plan at the Paris talks

1973: Birth of Ada Choi, Hong Kong actress

1974: Bangladesh joins the United Nations

1977: In Pakistan, on charge to have order the killing of a political opponent in November 1974, Ali Bhutto who has been thrown out by General Zia-ul Haq is arrested

1980: Kim Dae-jung, leader of South Korea opposition is sentenced to death by a martial court

1983: Birth of Sanaya Irani, Indian actress

1991: South Korea and North Korea become members of the United Nations

1995: Hong Kong last election under British rule

1996: A small North-Korean submarine runs aground South Korea. 24 North Korean soldiers commit suicide or are killed in the following days causing the death of 16 South Koreans and 26 wounded

1999: President Bill Clinton lifts restrictions on trade, travel and banking imposed on North Korea a half-century earlier

2001: World Trade Organization (WTO) successfully concludes negotiations on China’s entry

2002: Junichiro Koizumi is the first Japanese head of government to go to Pyongyang. North Korea admits the kidnapping of Japanese in the 70s and 80s

2002: The Cardinal Kung Foundation, says that non official Chinese bishop Mgr Wei Jingyi has been arrested

2004: Tamil is declared the first classical language in India

2005: After its failure in the September 13 election, the Democratic Party of Japan elects Seiji Maehara as its new leader

2008: In Burma, the military authorities order around 5,000 people to leave two refugee camps in Laputta Township, according to local residents and international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) operating in the area

2008: In Thailand, Thaksin’s brother-in-law Somchai Wongsawat is elected new Thai prime minister

2009: Indonesia’s most-wanted militant Noordin Mohamed Top, who was linked by investigators to the 2005 Bali bombings, is killed

2010: Prime Minister Naoto Kan keeps to his « anti-Ozawa » principle as he reshuffles the Cabinet, awarding key positions to Diet members who have kept their distance from former DPJ Secretary General Ichiro Ozawa

2010: Japan says China has shipped drilling equipment to a disputed gas field in the East China Sea, fuelling diplomatic tensions between the Asian giants. China has previously refrained from unilateral drilling at Japan’s request

2011: There is evidence linking the Haqqani militant network to Pakistan’s government, the US ambassador to Pakistan has said in a radio interview

2012: Burma frees 514 prisoners in political reforms on humanitarian grounds in Burma, just days ahead of a trip by Aung San Suu Kyi to the United States

2012: Pakistan conducts a successful test fire of the indigenously developed multi tube Cruise Missile Hatf-VII (Babur), having a range of 700 kilometers and nuclear capable missile

2012: Major electronics firms Panasonic and Canon have temporarily suspend production at factories in China after a territorial dispute triggered violent anti-Japanese protests

2013: Bangladesh’s top court sentences a senior Islamist opposition leader to death for mass murder during the country’s 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. Abdul Quader Molla, 65, the fourth-highest-ranked leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, is the first politician to be found guilty.

2013: Rights group Amnesty International awards its highest honour to Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani teen shot in the head last year by the Taliban for campaigning for girls’ education

2014: Chinese president Xi Jinping begins a maiden visit to India with both sides seeking to reset the relationship between Asia’s rival superpowers

2017: Death of Indian hero Marshal Arjan Singh

2018: Bhutan’s prime minister conceds defeat after the ruling party was knocked out in the first round of the small Himalayan nation’s third-ever election

On 16 September in Asian history



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Updated on September 16, 2019

1507: Birth of Jiajing (or Chia-ching), Emperor of China from 1521 to 1567, the 11th emperor of the Ming dynasty. Born Zhu Houcong, he was the Zhengde Emperor’s cousin. He died on January 23, 1567

1782: Birth of Chinese Emperor Daoguang (1820-1850) who died on February 25, 1850

1792: Death of Quang Trung, Tay Son dynasty’s emperor of Viet Nam born in 1753

1846: Execution of Korean martyr Andrew Kim Taegon, first Korean-born priest and patron saint for Korea, born on August 21, 1821

1859: Birth of Yuan Shikai, Chinese General and politician, who died on June 6, 1916

Yuan Shikai uniforme

1911: Death of Hishida Shunso, Japanese painter from the Meiji period, born on September 21, 1875

 1916: Birth of M.S. Subbulakshmi, Indian singer, who, died on December 11, 2004

1923: Birth of Lee Kuan Yew, father of Singapore independence who died on March 23, 2015

1932: Gandhi begins fast in protest of caste separation

1945: Japan surrender Hong Kong to Admiral Cecil Harcourt

1945: British Rear Admiral Patterson lands in Jakarta. He announces that the British mission is « to maintain law and order until the time that the lawful government of the Netherlands East Indies is once again functioning »

1957: Death of Chinese painter Qi Baishi, born in January 1864


1957: In a coup in Thailand, Premier Plaek Phibun Songkhram is deposed

1963: Malaysia is formed from Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak


1965: China demands that India dismantles in the coming three days its military buildings on Sikkim border

1965: Death of Ahn Eak-tai, Korean musician, composer, and conductor, composer of the national anthem, born on December 5, 1906

1966: Beijing says that two US warplanes have attacked two Chinese hamlets on September 9. (On September 19 Washington admitted saying there was an mistake with North Vietnam targets)

1967: United Nations General Secretary U Thant asks again the stopping of US bombing on North Vietnam

1967: Birth of Hiroya Oku, Japanese Manga-ka

1969: US President Richard Nixon announces the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers from Vietnam before December 15

1971: Birth of Zilla Huma Usman, Pakistani activist for women emancipation, assassinated on February 20, 2007

1971: President Nixon says the U.S. will support the P.R.C.’s seating in the U.N. Security Council because it « reflects the realities of the situation, » but adds that « we will vote against the expulsion of the Republic of China. »

1975: Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia

1978: General Zia Ul-Haq becomes president of Pakistan

1978-09-16 Zia ul Haq président

1981: Birth of Fan Bingbing, Chinese actress

1982: Start of North Korea leader Kim Il-sung visit to China

1990: A rail link between China and Kazakhstan is completed at Dostyk, adding an important connection to the Eurasian Land Bridge

2002: In Singapore, the government announces the arrest of 19 members of Jemaah Islamiya and of 2 members of the Philippine MILF

2002: Death of Francis Xavier Nguyen Van Thuan, Vietnamese cardinal, born on April 17, 1928

2002: In Thailand, beginning of talks between Sri Lankan government and LTTE Tamil separatists with Norwegian mediation

2005: In Nepal, police arrest 87 journalists and 200 pro-democracy demonstrators

2008: The United Nations pull its staff out of Sri Lanka’s rebel-held northern region after being ensured safe passage by government troops and rebels

2009: In Japan, Yukio Hatoyama, who led his party to a landmark victory, takes office as prime minister after a half-century of virtually uninterrupted, one-party rule

2010: Cambodia’s UN-backed war crimes tribunal indicts four former Khmer Rouge leaders. Nuon Chea, deputy to Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot, will stand trial next year, along with former head of state Khieu Samphan, former Foreign Minister Ieng Sary and his wife Ieng Thirith

2010: Kim Hwang-sik, head of the Board of Audit and Inspection, a body overseeing the conduct of government agencies and officials, is picked for the post of Prime Minister by Lee Myung-bak, South Korea’s president

2012: Six US fighter jets are destroyed and two significantly damaged when Taliban attackers stormed a heavily fortified Afghan base where Britain’s Prince Harry is deployed

2012: Anti-Japan demonstrations gain momentum outside the Japanese embassy in Beijing, where Chinese demonstrators have been protesting over a group of disputed islands for a second day running

2013: Death of Chin Peng, former secretary-general of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP). He was 90 years old

2015: The U.N.’s top human rights official is urging the creation of a special court including foreign magistrates and investigators to look into atrocities committed during Sri Lanka’s civil war

Holidays and observances

Malaysia: Hari Malaysia (formation of Malaysia, 1963)

Papua New Guinea : Independence Day (from Australia, 1975)

On 15 September in Asian history



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Updated on September 15, 2019

767: Birth of Saichō, Japanese Buddhist monk who died on June 26, 822

1762: Empress Go-Sakuramachi, 117th Emperor of Japan, ascends to the throne

1860: Birth of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Indian engineer who died on April 14, 1962

1876: Birth of Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist, who died on January 16, 1938

1892: Birth of Silpa Bhirasri an Italian man who was the father of modern arts in Thailand. Died on May 14, 1962

1894: Battle of Pyongyang during the first Sino-Japanese war for the control of Korea kingdom. Japan defeats China

1898: Following the declaration of independence from Spain on June 12, 1898 by the Revolutionary Government, a congress is opened in Malolos, Bulacan Province to draw up a constitution for the First Philippine Republic


1906: Major Dutch advance on Bali begins. Netherlands Indies fleet anchors off Sanur

1909: Birth of Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai, Tamil Nadu first non Congress chief minister (1967-1969), who died on February 3, 1969

1915: In Shanghai, New Youth (La Jeunesse) – an influential Chinese revolutionary magazine is founded by Chen Duxiu (La Jeunesse, or New Youth was an influential Chinese revolutionary magazine in the 1920s that played an important role during the May Fourth Movement)

1921: The Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg , Russian counter-revolutionary, head of Mongolia, hand over to the Soviet Red Army by his own troops, is shot. Born on January 22, 1886

1926: Birth of Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director who died on May 30, 2006
 Shohei Imamura 1

1932: Signature of Japan-Manchukuo protocol. Japan officially recognizes Manchukuo’s-Major-Generals_pose-for-photo_Henry-Ru-Yi

1935: Manuel L. Quezon is elected first President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines,_1935

1942: The U.S. aircraft carrier USS Wasp is torpedoed at Guadalcanal

1944: In first stage of Operation Stalemate in the Palau archipelo, the Battle of Peleliu begins as the United States Marine Corps’ 1st Marine Division and the United States Army’s 81st Infantry Division hit White and Orange beaches under heavy fire from Japanese infantry and artillery


1947: In China civil war, Manchuria is totally isolated by the communists

1950: During the Korean War, United States forces, under the command of general Douglas MacArthur, land at Incheon, Korea, taking the North Korean invaders by rear

1952: Signature of a new agreement between China and Soviet Union

1956: Opening of the VIIIth congress of the Chinese Communist Party, the first since the 1949 communist victory

1958: The Chinese communist party announces that the People’s commune system on test in five provinces will be extended to all the country’s_commune

1958: Following the September 6 Chinese offer, resuming of the Sino-US negotiations in Varsovia

1967: Birth of Ramya Krishnan, Indian Actress

1972: Birth of Kit Chan, Singaporean singer

1974: Air Vietnam flight 706 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board

1975: Death of Feng Zikai, Chinese painter and writer, born on November 9, 1898

1977: Birth of Angela Aki, Japanese singer-songwriter

1999: The United nations security Council authorizes the use of an international force in East Timor

2003: Cardinal Jaime Sin, archbishop of Manila is succeeded by Gaudencio Barbon Rosales

2011: The Malaysian government will abolish the Internal Security Act (ISA) and the Emergency Ordinance, a relic of British colonial rule which allow indefinite detention without trial, PM Najib says

2012: Angry protesters stage sometimes violent anti-Japanese demonstrations in cities across China, amid escalating tensions over disputed islands in the East China Sea

2013: In elections in Macau, democrats secure just two out of the 14 directly-elected seats in the city’s lawmaking body, down from three in the previous election in 2009

2016: Japan’s Democratic Party selects acting leader Renho as its new leader, making the 48-year-old the first woman to head the nation’s main opposition party

2017: Cambodia PM calls on US to withdraw Peace Corps volunteers

Holidays and observances

India: Engineer’s Day

Thailand: Silpa Bhirasri Day

On 14 September in Asian history

On 14 September in Asian history

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Updated on September 14, 2019

585: Death of Bidatsu, 30th emperor of Japan (572-585), born in 538

1164: Death of Sutoku, 75th emperor of Japan (1123-1142), born on July 7, 1119

1180: In Japan, Battle of Ishibashiyama between the Minamoto and Tairan clan

1846: Jang Bahadur and his brothers massacre about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court

1862: Namamugi incident, also known sometimes as the Kanagawa Incident, and archaically as the Richardson Affair, was a samurai attack on foreign nationals in Japan


1910: Death of Huo Yuanjia, Chinese martial artist, born in 1868

1935: Birth of Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist, who died on August 2, 2008

1946: After the failure of the Fontainebleau Conference, a motus vivendi is signed in Paris between Marius Moutet, the French Minister of Colonies and Vietnamese communist leader Ho Chi Minh

1948: Khawaja Nazimuddin becomes the second general governor of Pakistan until October 1951

1949: In India, the Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as the Official Language of the Union

1949: Birth of Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer

1950: US President Truman authorizes the State Department to start negotiations for a peace treaty with Japan

1966: In Vietnam, Operation Attleboro is launched in War Zone C (Cambodian border)

1973: Birth of Tony Bui, Vietnamese film director

1979: In Afghanistan, Hafizullah Amin seizes power, prime minister and president Nour Mohammed Taraki is assassinated

1985: Penang Bridge, the longest bridge in Malaysia, connecting the island of Penang to the mainland, opens to traffic

1985: Birth of Aya Ueto, Japanese actress and singer

1988: Liu Huaqing, who will modernize the Chinese Navy, is promoted admiral

1993: Most famous Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng, in jail since 1979, is freed. (again arrested few months later)

Wei Jingsheng

1998: Death of Yang Shangkun, Chinese marshal and president of the republic (1987-1992)

2009: Indonesia’s province of Aceh passes a new law making adultery punishable by stoning to death. The law also imposes severe sentences for rape, homosexuality, alcohol consumption and gambling

2010: Japanese PM Naoto Kan survives a leadership challenge from veteran power-broker Ichiro Ozawa, defeating him by a wider than expected margin

2011: A Dutch court orders the government to compensate the widows of seven villagers who were summarily executed and a man shot and wounded in a notorious massacre during Indonesia’s bloody battle for independence from colonial rule

2012: Six Chinese ships enter waters surrounding a disputed island chain claimed by both China and Japan amid deteriorating relations between the two regional powers, prompting Japan to summon its Chinese ambassador in protest

2013: Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak announces fresh measures to benefit the country’s ethnic Malay majority despite an earlier pledge to reform the controversial affirmative action policy

2018: North Korea and South Korea open joint liaison office

Holidays and observances

India:  Hindi Day as Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the Official Language of the Union on 14th September 1949.

On 13 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 13, 2019

1229: Ögedei Khan is proclaimed Khagan of the Mongol Empire in Kodoe Aral, Khentii: Mongolia

1500 : Pedro Alvarez Cabral, a Portuguese explorer and navigator arrived in Calicut and opened the first European factory in India

1694: Birth of Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (1776-1800), who died on March 5, 1776

1872: Birth of Kijūrō Shidehara, Japanese politician, 44th Prime Minister of Japan (Oct 1945-May 1946) who died on March 10, 1951

1900: Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War

1907 : General Macario Sakay, revolutionary leader and among the last of the Filipino resistance fighters to surrender to the Americans, is hanged


1910: Death of Rajanikanta Sen, Bangladeshi poet and composer, born on July 28, 1865

1912: Death of Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general, born on December 25, 1849

1929: Death after a long hunger strike of Jatindra Nath Das, Indian freedom fighter and activist, born on October 27, 1904

1942: During the World War II, second day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge in the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces’s_Ridge

1945: British troops arrive in Vietnam to disarm the Japanese

1948: Indian Government troops enter in the Hyderabad State


1961: Birth of KK Null, Japanese musician

1964: Attempted military coup against Vietnam’s General Nguyen Khanh government fail

1968: In Vietnam, Large operation begins in the DMZ

1971: Birth of Manabu Namiki, Japanese composer

1971: Marshal Lin Biao dies in the crash of a Chinese Trident jet plane inside Mongolia, officially fleeing with his personal entourage toward the Soviet Union, following unsuccessful plans for a coup d’etat and an assassination plot against Mao Zedong

1973: Birth of Kelly Chen, Hong Kong singer

1973: Death of Sajjad Zaheer, Urdu writer and revolutionary, born on November 5, 1905

1973: Death of Sun Fo or Sun Ko (孫科), high-ranking official in the government of the Republic of China and son of Sun Yat-sen

1973: Birth of Mahima Chaudhry, Indian actress

1974: Three members of the Japanese Red Army kidnap French ambassador in Hague

1989: Death of Chinese early famous movie actor Zheng Xiaoqiu, born on May 22, 1910

Zheng Xiaoqu

1997: Mother Teresa’s State Funeral in Calcutta

2000: In Xiamen , trials in the biggest corruption scandal in Communist China’s history opens with senior officials facing the death penalty for a multi-billion dollar smuggling scam

2008: Five bombs have ripped through busy shopping areas of India’s capital, Delhi, within minutes of each other, killing at least 20 people

2010: Police shoot dead 18 civilians in the deadliest day in Indian-administered Kashmir since protests erupted three months ago

2010: Japan releases the 14 crew members of a Chinese fishing vessel seized last week after a maritime clash but keeps its captain in custody

2011: Taliban gunmen launch attacks in Kabul, targeting NATO’s headquarters, the US embassy and the Afghan intelligence agency. Gunfire and blasts engulf the most heavily protected part of the Afghan capital

2013: India’s main opposition named hardline Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi as its prime ministerial candidate for next year’s elections

2016: Taiwan asks its diplomatic allies to send the United Nations secretary-general a letter requesting participation in three U.N. agencies

2017: Singapore names Halimah Yacob first woman president amid concerns over election process

On 12 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 12, 2019

372: During the Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty

1736: Birth of Hsinbyushin, Burmese king who died on June 10, 1776

1875: Birth of Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor, who died on September 11, 1926

1885: Death of Ranbir Singh, 2nd Maharaja of Kashmir and Jammu, born on August 1830

1894: Birth of Kyuichi Tokuda, Japanese politician, Chairman of the Japanese Communist Party who died on October 14, 1953

Tokuda Kyuichi 1946

1894 : Birth of Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, leading figure of Bengali Literature who died on November 11, 1950

1896 : 13 Filipinos, the « 13 martyrs » of Cavite, are executed by Spanish authorities for joining the Katipunan revolution


1897: In India, Battle of Saragarhi between twenty-one Sikhs defending an army post, and 10,000 Afghan and Orakza tribesmen.

1914: Birth of Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst, assassinated on September 22, 1988

1917: Birth of Han Suyin, Chinese-born Eurasian writer who died on November 2, 2012

1931: Gandhi arrives in England

1934: Birth of Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher

1942: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces’s_Ridge


1943: Birth of Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-born writer

1945: British forces, under Admiral Mountbatten, come back to Singapore and establish a military administration in Malaya to take control of the country, called the British Military Administration (BMA)

1945: Hajime Sugiyama, Japanese general and minister of war, commits suicide, born on January 1, 1880

1948: Invasion of the independent State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army (Operation Polo)

1948: In China, during the Civil War, the People’s Liberation Army launch the Liaoshen Campaign against the Nationalist (up to November 2)

1956: Chaudry Muhammad Ali quits as Pakistan’s prime minister and replaced by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy

1956: Birth of Leslie Cheung Kwok-wing, Hong Kong artist, singer, actor and director, who committed suicide on April 1, 2003

1960: In Laos, Prince Boun Oum associates with general Phoumi attempts a rightist counter-revolution

1962: Death of Rangeya Raghav, Indian author and playwright, born on January 17, 1923

1964: In an editorial published in the Pravda, Soviet Union accuses China of territorial claims

1965: End of the Battle of Phillora, one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

1965: United Nations General Secretary U Thant arrives in New Delhi in an attempt to solve the India-Pakistani conflict

1971: Birth of Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor and composer

1983: The USSR vetoes a United Nations Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet shooting down of a Korean civilian jetliner on September 1.

1997: Opening of the Chinese communist party’s XVth congress du PCC (up to September 18)

1999: Indonesia agrees to allow UN forces in East Timor

2001: Death of Victor Wong, Chinese-American actor, born on July 30, 1927

1986: Birth of the Chinese actress Yang Mi

2007: Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted for the crime of plunder

2007: Shinzo Abe announced he resigns as Prime Minister of Japan

2008: Malaysian authorities detains a government critic blogger by invoking a colonial-era security law that allows for indefinite detention without trial

2011: Indonesia’s second-largest political party Golkar picks tycoon and power-broker Aburizal Bakrie as its presidential candidate for elections in 2014

2012: Factory fires in two major cities in Pakistan have killed more than 300 people and injured dozens more, including some who had to leap from windows to escape the flames

2012: Officials say about 100 suspected insurgents have surrendered to authorities in Thailand’s restive south, including the alleged leader of a 2004 attack that reignited longstanding violence in the region.

2014: Taliban gunmen who shot schoolgirl Malala (later Peace Nobel prize) finally arrested. Militants boarded the teenage activist’s school bus and shot her in the head in October 2012 for her outspoken views on girls’ education, in an attack that also wounded two of her friends

2017: UN Security Council unanimously adopts new sanctions on North Korea over nuclear test

2017: Radio Free Asia closes Phnom Penh bureau amid crackdown by Hun Sen

On 11 September in Asian history



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Updated on September 11, 2019

1182: Birth of Minamoto no Yoriie, second shogun (1202 – 1203) of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan, who died on August 14, 1204

1680: Death of Go-Mizunoo, 108th emperor of Japan (1611-1629), born on June 29, 1596

1803: Battle of Delhi, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, between British troops under General Lake, and Marathas of Scindia’s army under General Louis Bourquin,_1803

1881: Birth of K’ung Hsiang-hsi, often known as H. H. Kung, a wealthy Chinese banker and politician in the early 20th century. He was the richest man in China at that time. He died on August 16, 1967

1884: Birth of Sudhamoy Pramanick, Indian activist who died on October 2, 1974

1895: Birth of Vinoba Bhave, one of the greatest spiritual leaders and reformers of modern India who died on November 15, 1982

1906: Mahatma Gandhi launches the Satyagraha (non-violence resistance) in South Africa

1917: Birth of Ferdinand Marcos, 10th president of the Philippines from December 1965 till February 25, 1986, who died in exile in 1989

1921: Death of Subramanya Barathy, a Tamil poet who was a militant for India independence  (Born in December 1882)

1924: Birth of Daniel Akaka, Chinese-American politician

1926: Death of Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor and director, born on September 12, 1875

1927: Birth of Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster, who died in 2002

1940: Birth of Nong Duc Manh, General Secretary of the Communist party of Vietnam (2001-2011)

1943: Birth of Khun Htun Oo, Burmese Shan politician

1945: Liberation of the Japanese-run POW and civilian internee camp at Batu Lintang, Kuching, Sarawak on the island of Borneo by Australian 9th Division forces. Over 2,000 prisoners, including women and children, were due to be executed on September 15

1948: Death of Jinnah Muhammad Ali, father of the Pakistan’s independence


1955: In Cambodia, prince Sihanouk wins the elections

1958: India and Pakistan announced that most border disputes between the two countries had been settled

1960: Birth of Hiroshi Amano, Japanese physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

1960: In Laos, Prince Boun Oum allies with general Phoumi in an attempt of a counter-revolution against the general Kong-lé coup d’état which bring Prince Souvanna Phouma to power

1964: Death of Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Indian poet and critic, born on November 13, 1917

1964: Signature of a defense treaty between Soviet Union  and India for the procurement of 44 MiG-21, 20 helicopters and 70 PT-76 tanks

1965: The US 1st Cavalry Division arrives in Vietnam

1965: During the Indo-Pakistani War, the Indian Army captures the town of Burki just southeast of Lahore

1965-09-11 prise de Burki

1966: Birth of Princess Akishino (Kiko), Japanese Imperial Family

1967: According to the Indian account, Indian soldiers were protecting an engineering company that was fencing the North Shoulder of Nathu La, when Chinese troops opened fire on them. This escalated over the next five days to an exchange of heavy artillery and mortar fire

1967: Birth of Sung Jae-gi, South Korean men’s rights activist who died on July 26, 2013

1969: The Japanese terrorist organizations « Red Army » is established


1969: In Beijing, after a lot of border incidents, meeting of Alexis Kossygin and Chinese PM Zhou Enlai

1973: Death of Neem Karoli Baba, Indian guru

1982: End of the XIIth congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Hua Guofeng is expelled from the Politburo and Hu Yaobang is elected Secretary General of the CCP (a new title in lieue of chairman)

1987: Death of Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and educationist, born on March 26, 1907

1998: Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia was the first Asian country to host the games

2005: In Japan, landslide victory of prime minister Koizumi in the legislative election

2009: Chen Shui-bian, Taiwan’s former president, and his wife are jailed for life on corruption charges involving millions of dollars

2009: The Pakistani Army announce the arrest of the chief spokesman of the Taliban in Swat. It is the first capture of a senior Taliban figure to be officially announced by the Pakistani authorities

2012: The Japanese government buy three  uninhabitated islands of Senkaku (Diaoyu), a territorial dispute with China

2015 : Singapore’s ruling party romps to a strong election victory increases its share of the vote and seat tally as it brushed off an opposition challenge in the city state’s most hotly contested polls

2015 : Indian court convicts 12 men for 2006 Mumbai train bombings, nine years after seven RDX bombs kept in Mumbai suburban trains exploded killing 188 people and injuring 829

2017: Maldives suspends a third of its lawyers


Holidays and observances

Philippines: Barangay day

Pakistan: Jinnah Day: founder’s death anniversary

On 10 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 10, 2019

210 BC: Death of Qin Shi Huangdi, first emperor of China

1308: Death of Go-Nijo, 94th emperor of Japan (1301-1308), born on March 9, 1285

1385: Birth of Le Loi, national hero of Viet Nam, founder of the Later Le Dynasty

1401: The reconstruction of the Japanese imperial palace at Kyoto is completed. Fires, including the one prompting this reconstruction, repeatedly destroyed or damaged the palace

1561: In the Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima, Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts

1748: Death of Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, Filipino nun, founded Religious of the Virgin Mary, born on February 1, 1663

1763 : Filipino rebel Gabriela Silang and her followers try to take Vigan but the Spanish stronghold there was expecting them and her army was ambushed. Thus many of them are killed.

1887: Birth of Freedom Fighter Govind Ballabh Pant (maybe August 30), who died on March 7, 1961

1895: Birth of Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian writer, who died October 18, 1976

1896: Birth of Chinese communist general Ye Ting who died on April 8, 1937

1912: Birth of Mary Walter, Filipina actress, who died on February 23, 1993

1912: Birth of Basappa Danappa Jatti, Indian vice-president (1974-1980) who died on June 8, 2002

1915: Death of Bagha Jatin, Indian revolutionary philosopher against British rule, born on December 7, 1879

1923: Death of Sukumar Ray, Indian humorous poet, story writer and playwright, born on October 30, 1887

1940: Birth of Kim En-joong, south Korean painter and catholic priest

1946: Fontainebleau conference ends after the parties fail to reach an agreement on Cochin-China

1946: While riding a train to Darjeeling, Sister Teresa Bojaxhiu of the Loreto Sisters’ Convent heard the call of God, directing her « to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them ». She would become known as Mother Teresa.

1948: Birth of Zhang Chengzhi, Chinese writer

Zhang Chengzhi

1953: After the War of Korea, signature of a treaty between Soviet Union and North Korea

1969: Birth of Ai Jing, Chinese singer and painter

1976: Indian Airlines Boeing 737 is hijacked to Lahore,11344687&hl=fr

1980: Zhao Ziyang becomes new Chinese prime minister

 1980: Birth of Jayam Ravi, Indian Actor

1986: Birth of Hiroki Uchi, Japanese Idol

1987: Birth of Nana Tanimura, Japanese singer

2000: Death of Zaib-un-Nissa hamidullah, Pakistani female journalist and writer, born in 1921

2010: The landmark economic cooperation framework agreement (ECFA) between Taiwan and China and an intellectual property rights protection pact across the Taiwan Strait formally takes effect

2011: Japan’s new trade minister Hachiro quits after calling the area around the tsunami-hit Fukushima nuclear plant a « town of death »

2012: The handover of the controversial high security prison of Bagram, sometimes referred to as « the other Guantánamo », is hailed a victory for Afghan sovereignty


Holidays and observances

People’s Republic of China and Hong Kong: Teacher’s Day

Afghanistan: Commander Massoud Day

On 9 September in Asian history



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Updated on September 9, 2019

1141: Yelü Dashi, the Liao Dynasty general who founded the Qara-Khitai, defeats the Seljuq and Kara-Khanid forces at the Battle of Qatwan

1466: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshitane, 10th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who died on May 23, 1523

1487: Death of Chinese Ming dynasty emperor Chenghua (1464-1487), born on December 9, 1447

1612: Death of Nakagawa Hidenari, Japanese warlord, born in 1570

1850: Birth of Bharatendu Harishchandra, India, poet, dramatist, father of modern Hindi who died on January 6, 1885

Bharatendu Harishchandra

1872: Birth of Phan Chu Trinh, Vietnamese nationalist who died on March 24, 1926

1878: Birth of Sergio Osmena, 4th President of the Philippines, who died on October 19, 1961

Sergi Osmena

1892: Birth of Tsuru Aoki, Japanese-born American actress, who died on October 18, 1961

1905: Birth of Hussain Sha, Indian Saint, Philosopher ,Pithapuram who died on September 24, 1981

1908: Birth of Shigekazu Shimazaki, Japanese admiral, killed in action on January 9, 1945

1911: Birth of Kozaburo Yoshimura, Japanese film maker who died on November 7, 2000

1920: Birth of Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician and scientist, who died on August 17, 1993

1935: Birth of Gopal Baratham, Singaporean author who died on April 23, 2002

1939: Burmese national hero U Ottama dies in prison after a hunger strike to protest Britain’s colonial government


1942: A Japanese floatplane drops an incendiary bomb on Oregon in an attempt to set fire to the forests in Oregon and Washington. The forest did not ignite

1944: Beginning of the negotiations between Gandhi and Jinnah on the Muslim question (up to 22)

1945: Japanese forces in China surrender to the Chinese Guomindang government representative general Ho Ying-chin

1946: Birth of Hayato Tani, Japanese actor

1948: The People’s Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) is proclaimed by Kim Il-sung


1949: Birth of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, president of Indonesia (2004-2014)

1953: The USA give an 385 million USD aid to Indochina

1955: In Geneva, signature of a Sino-US agreement for the repatriation of US civil citizens

1959: Moscow condemns Beijing for its misconduct in Tibet and gives its support to India

1962: Beijing announces that a US U-2 airplane has been shot down over eastern China and accuses the USA to prepare a new war

1965: Autonomous Region of Tibet is formally founded

1967: Birth of Akshay Kumar, Indian actor

1969: North Vietnam president Ho Chi Minh is buried in Hanoi

1976: Death of Chinese leader Mao Zedong, born on December 26, 1893

1977: Birth of Chae Jung An, South Korean actress and singer

1977: Inauguration of Mao Zedong Memorial hall

1982: Birth of Ai Otsuka, Japanese singer and songwriter

1983: Birth of Kim Jung-hwa, South Korean actress and model

1985: General and former Prime Minister Kriangsak and several military friends are arrested for plotting an abortive coup against the Prem Tinsulanonda government,4634882

1990: Batticaloa massacre, massacre of 184 minority Tamil civilians by Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka

1992: Birth of Frencheska Farr, Filipina singer

1993: Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos is buried in his homeland. The event occurred about four years after his death in exile

1996: Megawati Sukarnoputri, expelled from her Democratic Party of Indonesia, is banned to challenge the elections by the Government Commission

2001: Afghanistan’s military opposition leader Ahmed Shah Massood is fatally wounded in a suicide attack by assassins posing as journalists

2008: Death of Nouhak Phoumsavanh, former president of Laos (1992-1998), born on April 9, 1910

2008: Court rules that Thailand Prime Minister Samak must resign

2008: George Bush, the US president, announces that 8,000 troops will be pulled out of Iraq over the coming months and 4,500 sent to Afghanistan by January

2009: Cambodia’s prime minister accused foreign judges and prosecutors at the UN-backed Khmer Rouge tribunal of seeking to arrest new suspects as part of a plot by foreign governments to incite unrest

2012: As many as 100,000 protestors, according to organizers — gathered at a seaside park on Okinawa to demand that the plan to deploy 12 MV-22 Osprey aircraft on the island be scrapped, saying they are unsafe

2012: Sri Lanka’s ruling party wins provincial election. President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s United People’s Freedom Alliance won 14 seats in the Eastern Provincial Council, while the Tamil National Alliance secured 11, the Department of Elections

2012: Elections results show that Hong Kong’s pro-democratic parties had been edged out in Sunday’s legislative poll by pro-Beijing rivals, but managed to retain their veto power over any constitutional changes proposed by the government

2013: Pakistan’s new President Mamnoon Hussain takes office

2014: Death of Firoza Begum, Bangladeshi singer, born on July 28, 1930

2014: A Philippine official says the president discreetly met with a Muslim rebel leader last week in Manila and both helped untangle thorny differences over a proposed autonomy law they hope will end decades of bloody rebellion in the south


Holidays and observances

Japan: Chrysanthemum Day (Kiku no Sekku)

North Korea : Republic Day (1948)

On 8 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 8, 2019

617: Battle of Huoyi: Li Yuan defeats a Sui Dynasty army, opening the path to his capture of the imperial capital Chang’an and the eventual establishment of the Tang Dynasty

685: Birth of Xuan Zong, Chinese emperor (713-741) who died on May 3, 762

1449: Battle of Tumu Fortress. Mongols capture the Chinese emperor Zhengtong

1852: Birth of Korea Emperor Gojong (Gwangmu), forced to abdicate by Japan on 18 July 1907 and who died  on 21 January 1919

1926: Birth of Bhupen Hazarika, Indian singer-songwriter, poet, and director who died on November 5, 2011

1930: Birth of Nguyen Cao Ky, Vietnamese prime minister (1965-1967) and vice-president (197-1971)

1933: Birth of Asha Bhosle, Indian singer

1945: Japanese prime minister Hideki Tojo attempts to take his own life rather than face a war crimes tribunal

1945: First British troops parachute into Kemayoran Airport at Jakarta

1945: US troops land in south of Japanese-held Korea

1951: End of the conference of San-Francisco for a peace treaty with Japan . Signature of a US-Japan Security which will enter into force on 28 April 1952 

1954: The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established to stop communist spread in South-East Asia


1958: Birth of Mitsuru Miyamoto, Japanese voice actor

1958: Nikita Krushchev warns US president Eisenhover that any attack on Communist China would be considered as an attack against Soviet Union

1959: Following a call from Laos, United Nations Security Council decides to send a mission in this country

1962: Chinese soldiers surround Indian Dhola Post, established by mistake on June 4 on Chinese side of the McMahon Line due to faulty maps


1963: Birth of Hitoshi Matsumoto, Japanese comedian

1965: Beginning of the Battle of Asal Uttar, one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Up to September 10, 1965

1968: For the first time, a South Vietnam general is killed

1980: First Soviet forces in Panshir valley (Afghanistan)

1981: Death of Hideki Yukawa, Nobel Prize in Physics (1949), born in January 1907

1981: Violent demonstrations in Kabul after the government called all the reservists

1981: Death of Nisargadatta Maharaj, Indian guru, philosopher, and educator, born on April 17, 1897

1982: Death of Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, chief minister of Kashmir, born on December 5, 1905


1992: At the request of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC), a major UN peacekeeping operation, Japan sends troops overseas for the first time since World War II

1995: Death of Zhang Ailing (Eileen Chang), Chinese writer born on September 30, 1920

1996: Birth of Krystal Reyes, lolita Filipina actress

2008: Sri Lanka’s government announces a ban on foreign aid workers and many of their local colleagues from working in Tamil-rebel held areas in the north

2008: Hong Kong’s pro-democracy camp has won 23 out of the 30 elected seats in the Legislative Council, and so retains a key veto over future bills

2008: Death of Ahn Jae-hwan, South Korean actor, born on April 25, 1972

2010: Diplomatic row between China and Japan after collisions between two Japanese patrol boats and a Chinese trawler on September 7

2010: Sri Lanka’s parliament passed an amendment to the constitution, allowing  Mahinda Rajapakse, the president, to run for a third term

2012: Hong Kong’s government has backed down on a plan to force children to take Chinese patriotism classes, after thousands took to the streets in protest ahead of legislative polls

2013: Pakistan’s president Zardari steps down as term ends

2013: Cambodia’s ruling CPP party confirmed election winner. Prime Minister Hun Sen’s CPP won 68 seats, compared with 55 for the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party CNRP


Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Victory Day