On 23 August in Asian history


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Updated on August 23, 2017

1176: Death of Rokujo, 79th Japanese Emperor from 1165 through 1168

1592: During the Japanese invasions of Korea, the Yeongwon Castle is besieged by the Japanese Fourth Division led by Itō Suketaka

1600: In the Battle of Gifu Castle, the eastern forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the western Japanese clans loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, leading to the destruction of Gifu Castle and serving as a prelude to the Battle of Sekigahara

1765: Beginning of Burmese–Siamese War (1765–1767)

1839: The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares to war with China. The ensuing 3-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War

1884: French Admiral Courbet destroys the Chinese Fujian fleet in Fuzhou

1896: The First Cry of the Philippine Revolution (for independance) is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manilaédulas

1896-08-23 Cry of Balintawak

1900: Death of Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese politician of the Meiji era, ]second Prime Minister of Japan from April 1888 to October 1889, born on November 9, 1840

1914: Japan declares war on Germany and sizes its possessions in Asia


1933 Mahatma Gandi is released from Indian jail following yet another hunger strike

1939: To cut off the supply lines of the Chinese army, Japanese Navy surround Hong Kong

1942: Death of Takeuchi Seiho, Japanese painter, born on December 20, 1864

Takeuchi Seiho moonlit landscape

1943: End of the bombing of Chongqing, the provisional capital of China, by the Japanese, that started on February 18, 1938

1945: BKR (Badan Keamanan Rakyat), first Indonesian military force, begins organizing from former Peta and Heiho members. Some former Peta battalions join as entire units, having been told to disband only a few days before

1945: Joseph Stalin orders conveying Japanese army, mainly from Manchuria, as prisoner of war to the Soviet Union

1949: Opening, in La Hague, of the round table between Dutch and Indonesian with United Nations delegates

1950: Birth of Alan Tam, Hong Kong singer and actor

1954: The Indian Upper house of the Indian parliament receives its Hindi name of Rajya Sabha (states council)

1958: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People’s Liberation Army’s bombardment of Quemoy
1958-08-23 2d Detroit crisis

1963: Birth of Park Chan-wook, Korean director and screenwriter

1964: Birth of Kong Hee, Singaporean, Founder and Senior Pastor of the City Harvest movement in Asia

1967: In Vietnam war, Can Tho and Hoa An are attacked by North Vietnamese troops

1968: Communist forces renew offensive in South Vietnam

1973: Birth of Malaika Arora Khan, Indian actress and model

1996: Osama bin Laden issues a fatwa entitled ‘A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places »

2003: In Cambodia, the Funcipec and Sam Ransy Party form an democratic alliance against the People’s Cambodian Party of premier Hun Sen

2007: In Pakistan, the Supreme Court authorizes the former PM Nawaz Sharif to come back to the country while general Musharraf imposed him a ten years voluntary exile

2010: Thailand says it will resume diplomatic ties with Cambodia after Phnom Penh announced the resignation of ousted Thai leader Thaksin Shinawatra as its economic advisor

2010: Manila hostage crisis, in which eight Hong Kong hostages are killed

2011: Islamic rebels in the southern Philippines reject a proposal by the Philippine government to offer what it calls “genuine autonomy” for Filipino Muslims, saying that it “does not address the real issues” that have fueled the separatist rebellion in the country’s south over the past 40 years

2014: The United States has accused the Chinese military of provocation after one of its fighter jets conducted an « intercept » of a US Navy spy plane in international air space over the South China Sea

On 22 August in Asian history


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Updated on August 22, 2017

1155: Death of Japanese Emperor Konoe (1142-1155), born on June 16, 1139

1639: Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers

1861: Death of Xianfeng, 8th emperor of the Qing dynasty since 1850, born on July 17, 1831

1875: The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia, signed on May 7, is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands

1875-05-07 St Petersbourg

1888: Birth of Du Yuesheng, boss of Shanghai mafia, who died on August 16, 1951

1894: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi founds the Natal Indian Congress which later will ally itself with the African National Congress

1904: Birth of Deng Xiaoping, leader of China (1978-1997), who died on February 19, 1997

1910: Japan annexes Korea with the signing of the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty. The name Korea was abolished and replaced with the ancient name Joseon

1924: Birth of Ada Jafri, Pakistani poet and author who died on March 12, 2015

1942: Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy

1945: In China, the Soviet forces enter Port-Arthur

1951: Birth of Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese communist politician

Chandra Prakash Mainali

1955: Birth of Chiranjeevi, Telugu film actor

1965: Birth of Chen Liping, Singaporean actress

1967: Birth of Yukiko Okada, Japanese idol singer who committed suicide on 8 April 1986

1967: In Beijing, during the Cultural Revolution, the British embassy is set on fire

1967-08-22 Ambassade britannique

1971: Birth of Rick Yune, Korean American actor

1977 : President Ferdinand Marcos announces the lifting of the nightly curfew and the travel ban as his first step towards relaxing the restrictions imposed under martial law

2009: A North Korean delegation paying a rare visit to South Korea to mourn former president Kim Dae-Jung holds breakthrough talks with a government minister. The meeting is the first since a conservative government came to power in Seoul in February

2009: Pakistan’s Taliban movement has named Hakimullah Mehsud, a close associate of ex-leader Baitullah Mehsud, as its new leader

2010: The Indian and Japanese foreign ministers hold talks on a civil nuclear co-operation agreement. The Japanese minister, Katsuya Okada, said the decision to start negotiations had been one of the toughest he had ever had to make

2011: North Korea seizes South’s Mount Kumgang resort assets, giving South Koreans 72 hours to leave the resort which lies just inside North Korea. The resort used to be a symbol of co-operation between the two Koreas and a key source of hard currency for Pyongyang

2012: Death of Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, Taiwanese cardinal and bishop, born on December 3, 1923

2015 : Ieng Thirith, ‘First Lady’ of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge dies while facing charges of genocide, crimes against humanity

2015 : Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev visits the Kuril islands, prompting a swift rebuke from Tokyo, which claims sovereignty over the archipelago in a long-running dispute

2016: Singapore Former President S R Nathan dies, aged 92

2016: Protests « welcome » Chinese communist leader Sha Hailin visit to Taipei’s-visit-to-Taipei-38367.html

On 21 August in Asian history


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Updated on August 21, 2017

672: Death of Kōbun, few months Japanese emperor, born in 648ōbun

1140: Song Dynasty general Yue Fei defeats an army led by Jin Dynasty general Wanyan Wuzhu at the Battle of Yancheng during the Jin–Song wars

1140-08-21 Yancheng Battle

1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shogun and the de facto ruler of Japan

1535: Birth of Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord who died on February 18, 1619

1581: Death of Sakuma Nobumori, Japanese retainer and samurai, born in 1527

1856: America’s first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda

1870: Ma Xinyi, Viceroy of Liangjiang of the late Qing Dynasty in China, is assassinated. Born in 1821

1921: The White Russian Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg who led Mogolia to independence from China in March is hand over to soviet Red army by his own troops

1921: Birth of Jaymala Shiledar, Indian actor and singer who died on August 8, 2013

1926: Death of Ugyen Wangchuck, first king of Bhutan, born in 1862

1937: China and Russia sign a non aggression pact

1942: Allied forces involved in the Guadalcanal campaign defeat an attack by Imperial Japanese Army soldiers in the Battle of the Tenaru River

1945: General Ho Ying-chin, commander-in-chief of the Chinese Army, transmits to general Okamura Yasutsugu a memorandum on the preparation for the surrender of Japanese forces in China

1963: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngo Dinh Nhu, brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem, vandalises Buddhist pagodas across the country, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. Martial law is declared

1967: China reports downing of 2 US bombers

1971: A bomb exploded in the Liberal Party campaign rally in Plaza Miranda, Manila, with several anti-Marcos political candidates injured

1976: In retaliation of the August 18 murder of two US officers by the North Korean, Operation Paul Bunyan at Panmunjeom, Korea

1978: Birth of Bhumika Chawla, Indian Actress

1978: Birth of Annie Wu, Taiwanese Actress

1982: « Gang of Four » Shanghai remnants sentenced

1983: Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at the Manila International Airport

1984: 900,000 Filipinos hold an anti-Marcos parade

1984 manifs

1987: Birth of Kim Kibum, a member of Korean boy band Super junior. actor and singer

1995: Death of Subrahmanyan Chandrasehkhar, Indian-born astrophysicist, Nobel Prize 1983, born on October 19, 1910

1997: Afghanistan suspends its embassy operations in the United States

2002: In Pakistan, President General Pervez Musharraf unilaterally amends the Pakistani constitution. He expands his term in office and grants himself powers that include the right to dissolve parliament

2004: In Bangladesh, a grenade attack against the main political party, the Awami league, causes 22 dead. Its leader, Sheikh Hasina, is wounded

2006: Death of Ustad Bismillah Khan, Indian musician, born on March 21, 1916

2007: In Bangladesh, Violent confrontation between students and police. Students demand the withdrawal of troops from campus and politics

2009: Death of Rex Shelley, Singaporean author, born on November 27, 1930

2010: Pakistan accepts five million dollars in flood aid from India in a rare gesture of goodwill between the two bitter rivals. Twenty million people have been affected by Pakistan’s worst natural disaster in decades

2012: South Korea rejected Japan’s formal proposal on Tuesday that the two countries ask the International Court of Justice to settle a long-running island dispute

2014: Thailand’s junta-picked national assembly chooses coup leader, General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, as prime minister in a one-horse race that entrenches the military’s hold on power

2014: Indonesia’s highest court unanimously upholds last month’s presidential election result, paving the way for Joko Widodo to take over as leader of the world’s third largest democracy

2015 : Ranil Wickremesinghe, UNP leader, is sworn-in as Sri Lanka’s new Prime Minister

2015 : Wang Dongxing, Mao Zedong’s ex-security chief dies at age 99


Holidays and observances

Philippines: Ninoy Aquino Day

On 20 August in Asian history


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Updated on August 20, 2017

1519: Philosopher and general Wang Yangming defeats Zhu Chenhao, ending the Prince of Ning rebellion against the reign of the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde

1762: Birth of Shah Waliullah, Indian scholar, born on February 21, 1703

1883: Battle of Thuan An, a clash between the French and the Vietnamese during the period of undeclared hostilities which preceded the Sino-French War (August 1884 to April 1885)

1887: Birth of Phan Khoi, Vietnamese journalist and scholar who died on January 16, 1959

1888: Birth of Tôn Đức Thắng, Vietnamese politician, 2nd President of North Vietnam who died on March 30, 1980

1899 : An agreement (Bates Treaty) is signed in Jolo between United States General John C. Bates and the Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammed Jamalul Kiram II

1899-08-20 Bates Treaty

1900: Japan’s primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling

1905: The Tongmenghui, also known as the Chinese United League or the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance, a secret society and underground resistance movement organized by Sun Yat-sen and Song Jiaoren is founded in Tokyo

1906: Birth of Misiem Yipintsai, Thai painter and sculptor

Misiem Yipinstoi Coy girl

1922: Birth of Akutsu Tetsuzo, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart

1936: Birth of Hideki Shirakawa, Japanese Nobel chemistry laureate in 2000

1939: Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol or Nomonhan Incident

1939: Birth of Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor and politician who died on December 14, 2004,_Jr

1944: Birth of Rajiv Gandhi, Indian prime minister (1984 – 1989), assassinated on May 21, 1991

1950: During the Korean War, United Nations repel an offensive by North Korean divisions attempting to cross the Naktong River and assault the city of Taegu

1954: The USA decides to support Vietnam’s leader Ngo Dinh Diem

1955: Birth of Agnes Chan, Hong Kong singer and writer

1968: Birth of Yuri Shiratori, Japanese voice actress and singer

1971: The PRC rejects the August 2 suggestion for the two China joining the United Nations

1971: Birth of Jonathan Ke Quan, Vietnamese American actor

1971: General Duong Van Minh and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky, fellow candidates for the October presidential election in Vietnam, accuse incumbent President Nguyen Van Thieu of rigging the election and withdraw from the race

1971: Death of Rashid Minhas, Pakistani Air Force pilot, born on February 17, 1951

1974: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed becomes the 5th president of India, up to his resignation  on February 11, 1977

1974: US Congress votes to reduce aid to South Vietnam from $1 Billion to $700 Million. Majority of the cuts were for military supplies

1979: Indian Premier Charan Singh resigns

1998: In retaliation to bombs attacks against its embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, USA strikes Islamist training camps in Afghanistan

2004: Lyonpo Yeshey Zimba becomes again Prime Minister of Bhutan

2006: After floods caused hundreds of dead in North Korea, Seoul gives 100,000 t. of rice and building materials to the North

2006: Sri Lankan Tamil politician, newspaper publisher and former member of parliament S. Sivamaharajah is shot dead

2008: Death of Mao Zedong’s successor Hua Guofeng, born on February 16, 1921

Hua Guofeng 2008

2009: Presidential elections in Afghanistan

2010: Death of Dang Phong, Vietnamese historian, born in 1937

2011: Death of Ram Sharan Sharma, Indian historian and academic, born on November 26, 1919

2012: The wife of disgraced Chinese politician Bo Xilai is given a suspended death sentence for the murder of British businessman Neil Heywood.

2012: In Burma, newspapers and broadcasts of political or religious nature are no more subject to prior examination. Last year, the government had already removed controls on less ideologically « sensitive » newspapers and magazines“all-media”-censorship-after-50-years-25583.html

2012: Death of Kapu Rajaiah, Indian painter, born on April 7, 1925

Kapu Rajaiah

2013: Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan’s former military ruler, is charged with murder of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, who died in a gun and bomb attack in December 2007

2013: Narendra Dabholkar, Indian anti-superstition activist, is murdered, born on August 1, 1945

2015: South Korea fires dozens of shells across the border into North Korea in retaliation for an apparent rocket attack, believed to be aimed at a loudspeaker that has been blaring anti-Pyongyang broadcasts


Holidays and observances

Nepal: Father’s Day

On 19 August in Asian history


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Updated on August 19, 2017

1600: Ahmednagar kingdom is captured by Akbar

1816: Dutch return to Batavia. Cornelis Elout continues Raffles’ reform policies

1878: Birth of Manuel Quezon, President of the Philippines (1935-1944), who died on August 1, 1944

1902: Birth of J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino jurist, who died on December 27, 1994

1907: Birth of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Indian historian, author, and scholar who died on May 19, 1979

Hazari Prasad Dwivedi

1914: Birth of Fumio Hayasaka, Japanese composer who died on October 15, 1955

1918: Birth of Shankar Dayal Sharma, President of India from 1992 to 1997

1919: By the treaty of Rawalpindi, signed on August 8, Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom

1935: Birth of Zahir Raihan, Bangladeshi author and director who died on December 30, 1972

1944: Last Japanese troops are driven out of India

1944: Birth of Charles Wang, Chinese-born philanthropist

1945: In Vietnam, Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi

1945-08-19 Vietmin prend Hanoi

1950: Birth of Sudha Murthy, Indian social worker and writer

1957: Birth of  Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet

1963: Birth of Yip Sai Wing, Hong Kong musician

1965: Japanese prime minister Eisaku Sato becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa

1969: In a protest note, China mention 429 incidents with Soviet Union in the last two months

1970: Cambodia and US sign military aid pact

1970: The Chinese Community in South Africa is granted ‘White’ status

1972: Birth of Sammi Cheng Sau Man, Hong Kong singer and actress

1972: Birth of Chihiro Yonekura, Japanese singer

1987: Birth of Ileana D’Cruz, Indian actress

1993: Death of Utpal Dutt, Indian actor, born on March 29, 1929

1994: After the August 16 large victory of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Chandrika Kumaratunga is elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

1996: Resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Niger after July 30, 1992 suspension

2007: At a very large majority, Thai people approve the new constitution proposed by the military junta, opening the way for elections and a civilian government

2011: Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi meets with President Thein Sein in the highest-level talks yet between the democracy icon and the leaders of a nominally civilian government made up of retired military men elected in March

2012: Anti-Japanese protests spread across China over the weekend, and the landing of Japanese activists on a disputed island on Sunday sharply intensified tensions between the two countries

2014: Death of Adyar K. Lakshman, Indian dancer and choreographer, born on December 16, 1933

2014: Death of Odessa Sathyan, Indian director and producer, born on October 10, 1957


Holidays and observances

Afghanistan: Afghan Independence Day

On 18 August in Asian history

1966-08-18 Long Tan


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Updated on August 18, 2017

673: Death of Kim Yu-shin, Korean general, born in 595

690: Empress dowager Wu Zetian takes the power and found the Zhou dynasty putting an end to the Tang

1227: Death of Genghis Khan, Khagan of Mongol Empire

genghis khan 2

1541: A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture)

1620: Death of Wanli, Emperor of China Ming dynasty (1572-1620), born on September 4, 1563

1700: Birth of Baji Rao I, general and peshwa (PM) of Indian Maratha kingdom, who died on 25 April 1740

1841: James Brooke is officially enthroned rajah of Sarawak (Borneo)

1858: After the US, Netherlands and Japan sign trade agreement

1900: Birth of Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Allahabad Oudh, Indian diplomat and politician

1908: Birth of Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu) who died on February 16, 1070

1909: Tokyo mayor Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River

1930: Birth of Bo Hi Pak, Korean church leader

1932: Birth of Muhammad Khan Junejo, Pakistan’s PM (1985-1988) who died in March 1993

1934: Birth of Gulzar, Indian director, producer, and songwriter

1942: A group of freedom fighter of Sherpur hoisted the Tricoloure at Mohammadabad Tehsil, Ghazipur India

1944: US President Roosevelt appoints general Patrick Hurley as his personal representative in China

1945: Sukarno takes office as the first president of Indonesia with Hatta as vice-president, following the country’s declaration of independence the previous day and the constitution is adopted

1945-08-18 Constitution adopted

1945: Death of Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian freedom fighter and founder of the All India Forward Block, born on 23 January 1897
1945-08-1945 Death of Subhas Chandra Bose

1945: Soviet forces start to occupy Kuril Islands

1947: Pakistan becomes member of the United Nations by a unanimous vote of the Security Council

1952: At Moscow, opening of a Sino-Soviet conference to review the 1950 treaties

1953: Birth of Ma Jian, Chinese writer

1965: In the Vietnam War, Operation Starlite begins – United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in the first major American ground battle of the war,13190,Leatherneck_050815_Starlite,00.html

1965: Birth of Koji Kikkawa, Japanese singer

1966: In Vietnam War, the Battle of Long Tan occurs, when a patrol of Royal Australian Regiment encounter the Viet Cong

1966-08-18 Long Tan

1966: Birth of Kang Soo-yeon, South Korean actress

1967: Birth of Daler Mehndi, Indian bhangra/pop singer

1968: Birth of Lee Seung-yeon, South Korean actress

1970: Birth of Jessica Hsuan, Hong Kong actress

1971: Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam

1972: Birth of Leo Ku, Hong Kong singer

1975: Insurrection in the Portuguese province of East-Timor for independence

1976: In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjeom, the Axe Murder Incident results in the death of two US soldiers

1979: Birth of Mohib Mirza, Pakistani actor

1980: Birth of Preeti Jhangiani, Indian actress

1982: Japanese election law is amended to allow for proportional representation

1998: Death from a massive heart attack of Persis Khambatta, Indian actress, born on 2 October 1948

2001: North Korea leader Kim Jong-il comes back to Pyongyang after a twenty five-day trip to Russia by train

2005: The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins

2006: In Afghanistan, foundation of the United National Front, a new political party formed by warlords

2008: General Pervez Musharraf resigns as president of Pakistan

2009: Kim Dae-jung, the former South Korea’s president who led the fight for democracy in his country and championed the so-called « Sunshine Policy » of engagement with North Korea, dies at the age of 85

2011: Detained Indian anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare agrees to a police offer which will permit him to go on hunger strike in a park for 15 days


On 17 August in Asian history

1947-08-17 Indépendance


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Updated on August 17, 2017

1304: Death of Go-Fukakusa, 89th emperor of Japan (1246-1259), born on June 28, 1243

1338: Death of Nitta Yoshisada, Japanese samurai, born in 1301

1798: The Vietnamese Roman Catholics report a Marian apparition in Quảng Trị, an event which is called Lady of La Vang

1866: Birth of Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad, who died on December 12, 1911

1909: Indian revolutionary, Madan Lal Dhingra is hanged in Pentonville prison for Sir Wyllie and Lalkaka murders, born on September 18, 1883

1926: Birth of Jiang Zemin, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (1989-2002)

1932: Birth of V. S. Naipaul, West Indian writer, Nobel Laureate 2001

1938: Birth of Abu Bakar Bashir, spiritual leader of the Islamist terrorist movement Jemaah Islamiyah

1942: U.S. Marines raid the Japanese-held Pacific island of Makin (Butaritari)

1945: Sukarno proclaims Indonesia independence

1947-08-17 Indépendance

1945: General Leclerc is appointed commander in chief for French forces in Far East, and Admiral  d’Argenlieu administrator of French Indo-China

1945: President Jose P. Laurel announces the dissolution of the Republic of the Philippines established during the Japanese occupation

1946: Muslim riots in several large Indian cities for an independent Pakistan

1947: The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed

1947: After the Independence of India, the first contingent of British troops sailed for home

1949: Death of Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist & politician, born on November 28, 1891

1950: The United States of Indonesia changes itself in the Republic (united) of Indonesia

1953: Birth of Korrie Layun Rampan, Indonesian author, poet, and critic who died on November 19, 2015

1960: Indonesia break up its diplomatic relations with Netherlands

1963: Birth of S. Shankar, Indian film director

1970: Death of Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker, born on May 22, 1908

1973: The United States and Thailand agree to begin negotiations on the reduction of American troops in Thailand

1974: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, candidate of the Congress Party is elected president of India, sworn on 24,_1974

1978: Birth of Karena Lam, Hong Kong actress

1981: In Sri Lanka, state of emergency is declared after ethnic clashes between Singhalese and Tamil

1982: Sino-American joint communiqué on the progressive reduction of US sales of weapons to Taiwan Three Afghan nationalist moderate movements announce their alliance and support king Zaher Shah in exile in Italy

1988: General Zia-ul-Haq, president of Pakistan, is killed in a plane crash near Bahawalpur 

1988-08-17 muhammad-zia-ul-haq-crashed-airplane

1993: Death of Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician, born on September 9, 1920

1999: Sellapan Rama Nathan is elected president of Singapore

2005: Foundation of the People’s New Party (Kokumin Shinto), headed by former lower house speaker Tamisuke Watanuki

2005: Over 500 bombs are set off by terrorists at 300 locations in 63 out of the 64 districts of Bangladesh

2006: Death of Shamsur Rahman, Bengali poet

2009: Thousands of supporters of Thailand’s former prime minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, have joined a rally in Bangkok to present a petition to the king, seeking a royal pardon for his 2008 corruption conviction

2009: North Korea agrees to reopen its border with South Korea and allow tourism and family reunions to resume, the North’s KCNA news agency said

2012: Taiwan’s high court clears former president Chen Shui-bian of one charge of instigating perjury in the latest legal victory for the jailed ex-leader.

2015 : A bomb explodes close to a shrine in the centre of Thailand’s capital, Bangkok, killing at least 19 people and injuring more than 100

2015 : Sri Lanka’s ruling United National Party wins the most seats in the island’s parliamentary August 17 elections, blocking former President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s attempt to return to power


Holidays and observances

Indonesia : Independence Day

On 16 August in Asian history



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Updated on August 16, 2017

1 BC: Wang Mang consolidates his power and is declared marshal of state. Emperor Ai of Han, who died the day prior, had no heirs.

1378: Birth of Chinese Emperor Hongxi, from September 7, 1424, to his death on May 29, 1425

1384: The Hongwu Emperor of Ming China hears a case of a couple who tore paper money bills while fighting over them—a case considered equal to the act of destroying stamped government documents, which by law necessitated one hundred floggings by a bamboo rod. However, the Hongwu Emperor decided to pardon them

1443: Death of Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun, born on March 19, 1434

1765: In India, Robert Clive signs the treaty of Allahabad by which Great-Britain will have the monopoly of the collection of tax in Bengal, Orissa and Bihar

1765-08-16 Traité de Allahabad

1891: The Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed

1886: Death of Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda, born in February 1836

1900: After defeating-the Boxer Rebellion, the allied forces loot Beijing

1904: Birth of Minoru Genda, Japanese military aviator and politician who died on August 15, 1989

1913: Tohoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) admits its first female students

1945: Thailand denounces its declaration of war on Allies

1945: Lt Gen Jonathan Wainwright, captured by the Japanese in the Philippines, is freed by Russian forces in Manchuria

1945: Takijirō Ōnishi, Japanese admiral, born June 2, 1891, commits suicide

1945: Following the Japanese capitulation, beginning of the Vietnamese August Revolution

1945: After the Japanese capitulation, dissolution of the collaborationist government established by Wang Jingwei in Nanjing

1945 : Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, is captured by Soviet troops

1946: Direct Action Day or The Great Calcutta Killing begins, in which more than 4,000 would be killed in 72 hours

1951: Death of Du Yuesheng, Triad boss in Shanghai, born on August 21, 1888

1961: Death of Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar

1962: Eight years after the remaining French India territories were handed to India, the ratifications of the treaty are exchanged to make the transfer official.

1964: After a January 30 coup d’état Duong Van Minh is replaced by General Nguyen Khanh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution is established with aid from the U.S. Embassy

1966: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested

1967: Death of K’ung Hsiang-hsi, often known as H. H. Kung,a wealthy Chinese banker and politician in theearly 20th century. He was the richest man in China at that time, born on September 11, 1881

1969: Varahagiri Venkata Giri is elected president of India (starting on August 24)

1970: Birth of Manisha Koirala, Nepalese Bollywood actress

1970: Birth of Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor

1971: The Bangladeshi Freedom Fighters explode several Pakistani warships in Chittagong

1980: Birth of Hwangbo, South Korean singer, rapper, and actress (Chakra)

1991: Birth of G.E.M., Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actress

1994: In Sri Lanka, land slide election victory of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, led by Chandrika Kumaratunga,_1994

1997: Noted Pakistani singer, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, born on October 13, 1948, passes away,,452971,00.html

2001: In a speech, Indonesian president Megawati Sukarnoputri apologies for human rights in Aceh and Irian Jaya but excludes independence

2001: USA grant a transit visa to Taiwan prime minister Chang Chun-hsiung on his way to South America in September

2006: Wu Shu-chen, the wife of Taiwan’s president Chen Shui-bian is prosecuted for corruption

2008: Death of Masanobu Fukuoka, Japanese farmer and author, born on February 2, 1913

2011: In India, police arrest Anna Hazare and detains 1,400 of his supporters ahead of a mass fast to protest against corruption.

2013: A senior Chinese official has said the country will phase out the practice of taking organs from executed prisoners from November


Holidays and observances

Gozan no Okuribi (Kyoto, Japan)

On 15 August in Asian history


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Updated on August 15, 2017

873: Death of Southern Tang emperor Li Yu

1281: During the second Mongol invasion of Japan, the Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a « divine wind » for the second time in the Battle of Kōan

1517: Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary

1549: Saint Francis Xavier goes ashore at Kagoshima, Japan

1798: Birth of Sangolli Rayanna, a prominent freedom fighter from Karnataka, India, executed on January 26, 1831

1863: The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom by the bombardment of Kagoshima

1865: Birth of Usui Mikao, founder of Reiki, who died on March 9, 1926

1869: The Japanese Meiji government establishes six new ministries including one for Shinto-Worship

1872: Birth of Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru, who died on December 5, 1950

1878: China’s first set of stamps issued

1878-08-15 premiers timbres

1900: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the Boxer Rebellion

1912: Birth of Amir Khan, Indian singer who died on February 13, 1974

1914: Japan gives ultimatum to Germany

1939: Foundation at Rangoun of the Communist Party of Burma (6 members). Aung San is elected General Secretary

1945: The Emperor recorded Imperial Rescript on Surrender is broadcasted

1945-08-15 Radio


1945: Suicide of Japanese War Minister General Korechika Anami

1945: Korean Liberation Day from Japan

1945: Birth of Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician, leader of the opposition

1947: India gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes an independent nation within the Commonwealth , Jawaharlal Nehru addresses the nation with the Indian Declaration of Independence and takes office as the first Prime Minister of India–India-Gains-Independence-from-Britain.html

1947: Birth of Raakhee Gulzar, Indian actress

1947: The founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor General of Pakistan at Karachi

1948: Birth of Japanese actress Bunjaku Han who died on November 5, 2002

1948: The Republic of Korea is formally established by Syngman Rhee who has been elected president on July 20


1949: French gives back the administration of Chandernagor to the Indian authorities

1949: Death of Kanji Ishiwara, Japanese general, born on January 18, 1889

1950 Sukarno proclaims the unitary Republic of Indonesia and becomes its first President

1955: The « Pacifist Movement » for the incorporation of Portugese Indies into India triggers riots in  Goa

1961: Birth of Suhasini Maniratnam, Indian Actress

1962: Signature of the agreement on Western New Guinea between the Netherlands and Indonesia. The territory will be administrated by the United Nations up to May 1, 1963, then by Indonesia up to a referendum late 1969

1962: Death of Lei Feng, Chinese revolutionary, born on December 1940

1965: During the Second Indo-Pakistani War, Indian forces crossed the border and launched an attack on the territory of Kashmir administered by Pakistan

1966: Birth of Shirley Kwan, Hong Kong singer

1969: Woodstock begins in upstate New York

1969: Birth of Kevin Cheng, Hong Kong actor and singer

1973: The United States bombing of Cambodia ends

1974: Yuk Young-soo, First Lady of South Korea is killed amid an apparent assassination attempt upon President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee, during the anniversarial ceremony of the Liberation day

1975: Military coup in Bangladesh. President Sheikh Mujibur Rehman is killed along with all family members, except Haseena Wajid

1975: Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by a sitting prime minister of Japan on the anniversary of the end of World War II

1981: Birth of Song Ji-hyo, South Korean actress

1989: Death of Minoru Genda, Japanese military aviator and politician, born on August 16, 1904

1995: Ven. Thich Quang Do and five other monks and laity are tried by the People’s Court of Ho Chi Minh City and convicted of « sabotaging government policies and damaging the interests of the state. » Ven. Thich Quang Do received a prison term of five years!topic/soc.culture.vietnamese/fXo9OvrmsuQ

Thich Quang Do 2

2000 : A group of 100 people from North Korea arrives in South Korea for temporary reunion with relatives they had not seen for half a century. Also a group of 100 South Koreans visits the North

2004: Death of Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician

2005: Agreement between the Free Aceh Movement (Gam) and the Indonesian government

2006: Japanese premier Junichiro Koizumi makes his annual pilgrim to Yasukumi sanctuary where are buried 2,500,000 Japanese warriors, including 14 war criminals, causing a diplomatic raw with China and Korea

2008: Maoist leader Prachanda is elected as Nepal’s Prime Minister

2009: Taiwan’s president says the death toll from the floods triggered by Typhoon Morakot could top 500 people

2012: Japanese police arrests five Hong Kong activists who landed on disputed islands

2013: Two Japanese cabinet ministers and dozens of lawmakers have visited the Yasukuni shrine on the anniversary of Japan’s surrender in World War II

2014: The Hong Kong Law Society has sent a strong rebuke to Beijing after it passed a vote of no confidence in its own president, who backed a controversial white paper reaffirming China’s control over the city

2014: More than 80 politicians — including three cabinet ministers — went to the leafy Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo, but Prime Minister Shinzo Abe stayed away, after a visit in December drew an angry reaction from Japan’s neighbours

2015 : Aceh province kicks off a 3-month long commemoration of the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding signed 10 years ago ending three decades of conflict in the Indonesian province

2015 : Marking the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, reflecting strong belief in peace, Emperor Akihito refers to ‘deep remorse’ over war


Holidays and observances

India: Independence Day (from the United Kingdom, 1947)

Korea: Gwangbokjeol (Liberation Day)

On 14 August in Asian history

1947-08-14 Indépendance


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 14, 2017

1183: Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan

1204: Death of Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (1002-1203)

1281: During Kublai Khan’s 2nd Invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan

1297: Birth of Emperor Hanazono, 95th Japanese Emperor (1308-1318) who died on December 2, 1348

1573: Death of Saito Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord, born in 1548

1642: Dutch navigator Abel Tasman sail from Jakarta with two ships. He will discover several islands, one of them will be named Tasmania

1774: Birth of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian Freedom fighter and social reformer, who died on September 27, 1833

1871: Birth of Guangxu, Qing Emperor of China, who died on November 14, 1908

1885: Japan’s first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint

1898: End of the siege of Manila by the US forces led by General Wesley Merrit

1900: In Beijing, the legation compound, besieged by the Boxer is freed by an international force

1911: Birth of Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian spiritual leader, who died on March 28, 2006

1917: During World War I, China declares war on Germany and Austria

1921: Tannu Uriankhai, later Tuvan People’s Republic is established as a completely independent country from China, supported by Soviet Russia

1924: Birth of Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, 16th Karmapa Lama, Tibetan religious figure, who died on November 5, 1981

1937: Chinese Air Force Day: The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when 6 Imperial Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers are shot down by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force while raiding Chinese air bases

1940: Zhang Xiaolin, one of the Green Gang leaders, is assassinated by one of his bodyguard to please to Chiang Kaishek

1945: In the afternoon, Japan’s surrender is made public

1945: By several agreements signed in Moscow, Soviet Union and China seal their Union against Japan and solve some question in Manchuria

1945: The Viet Minh launches August Revolution amid the political confusion and power vacuum engulfing Vietnam

1945: Son Ngoc Thanh becomes prime minister of Cambodia

1947: Pakistan gains Independence from the British Indian Empire under the administration of United Kingdom and joins the British Commonwealth

1947-08-14 Indépendance

1947: Birth of Jiro Taniguchi, Japanese mangaka

1952: In Nepal, end of a royal coup d’état. The king takes personnaly the power

1957 : Birth of Bollywood actor and comedian Johnny Lever

1965: Ratification by the South Korea National Assembly of the treaty signed with Japan on June 22

1971: Pyongyang accepts the Seoul offer to resume negociations between the two Red Cross

1972: Birth of Yoo Jae-Seok, South Korean comedian and actor

1973: The constitution of 1973 comes into effect in Pakistan

1973: US bombing of Cambodia comes to a halt

1979: Birth of Yoichiro Morikawa, Japanese film director

1982: Death of Mahasi Sayadaw, Burmese monk, born on July 29, 1904

2000: Pakistan’s President Musharraf introduces Local Government Ordinance

2001: Following an agreement signed at Moscow with Pyongyang, a 930 km railway will be restored from Moscow to Seoul

2006: In Sri Lanka, a girls school is bombed by government troops causing 61 people dead and 200 wounded

2008: Cambodia and Thailand reach a deal to withdraw their troops from disputed temple

2010: The lawmakers, from eight European right-wing parties, pay homage at Yasukuni shrine and joined a Shinto ritual at the shrine’s main sanctuary, as part of a series of events to mark the 65th anniversary of Japan’s World War II surrender

2010: Summer Youth Olympic Games, first ever Youth Olympics, officially starts in Singapore

2011: Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi maids her first political trip outside the nation’s main city since her release from seven years of house arrest

2011: Death of Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor and director, born on October 21, 1931

2011: Jhalanath Khanal, Nepal’s prime minister, submits his resignation to the president over failure to reach consensus on moving forward with the country’s peace process

2014: In a first papal visit to Asia in 15 years, Pope Francis kicks off a five-day visit to South Korea fuelled by the Vatican’s desire to expand the Church in Asia despite challenges posed by governments like China

2015 : Shinzo Abe, the Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe, express « profound grief » for the « immeasurable damage and suffering » the nation’s military caused before and during the Second World War, but emphasises that future generations should not have to keep saying sorry


Holidays and observances

Pakistan : Independence Day

Indonesia: Pramuka Day