Category Archives: ON THIS DAY IN ASIAN HISTORY

On 23 August in Asian history

ON 23 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history”

Updated on August 23, 2017

1176: Death of Rokujo, 79th Japanese Emperor from 1165 through 1168
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Rokujo

1592: During the Japanese invasions of Korea, the Yeongwon Castle is besieged by the Japanese Fourth Division led by Itō Suketaka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Yeongwon

1600: In the Battle of Gifu Castle, the eastern forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu defeat the western Japanese clans loyal to Toyotomi Hideyori, leading to the destruction of Gifu Castle and serving as a prelude to the Battle of Sekigahara
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gifu_Castle
http://www.japanese-castle-explorer.com/castle_profile.html?name=Gifu

1765: Beginning of Burmese–Siamese War (1765–1767)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burmese%E2%80%93Siamese_War_(1765%E2%80%931767)

1839: The United Kingdom captures Hong Kong as a base as it prepares to war with China. The ensuing 3-year conflict will later be known as the First Opium War

1884: French Admiral Courbet destroys the Chinese Fujian fleet in Fuzhou
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Foochow
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8066.html

1896: The First Cry of the Philippine Revolution (for independance) is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila
http://www.philippine-history.org/cry-of-pugadlawin.htm
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/523/today-in-philippine-history-august-23-1896-katipuneros-led-by-andres-bonifacio-tore-their-cédulas

1896-08-23 Cry of Balintawak

1900: Death of Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese politician of the Meiji era, ]second Prime Minister of Japan from April 1888 to October 1889, born on November 9, 1840
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuroda_Kiyotaka
http://www.jref.com/history/kuroda-kiyotaka/

1914: Japan declares war on Germany and sizes its possessions in Asia
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/tsingtau_kato.htm

1914-08-23

1933 Mahatma Gandi is released from Indian jail following yet another hunger strike
http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/mahatma-gandhi-released-indian-jail

1939: To cut off the supply lines of the Chinese army, Japanese Navy surround Hong Kong
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8231.html
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/62454492

1942: Death of Takeuchi Seiho, Japanese painter, born on December 20, 1864
http://www.artelino.com/articles/seiho_takeuchi.asp
http://www.myjapanesehanga.com/home/artists/takeuchi-seiho-1864-1942

Takeuchi Seiho moonlit landscape

1943: End of the bombing of Chongqing, the provisional capital of China, by the Japanese, that started on February 18, 1938
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombing_of_Chongqing

1945: BKR (Badan Keamanan Rakyat), first Indonesian military force, begins organizing from former Peta and Heiho members. Some former Peta battalions join as entire units, having been told to disband only a few days before

1945: Joseph Stalin orders conveying Japanese army, mainly from Manchuria, as prisoner of war to the Soviet Union
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_prisoners_of_war_in_the_Soviet_Union
http://www.gwu.edu/~memory/data/government/russia_pow.html
http://www.nytimes.com/1998/04/12/world/japan-s-blossoms-soothe-a-pow-lost-in-siberia.html

1949: Opening, in La Hague, of the round table between Dutch and Indonesian with United Nations delegates

1950: Birth of Alan Tam, Hong Kong singer and actor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Tam

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iF5-YrgVqEs

1954: The Indian Upper house of the Indian parliament receives its Hindi name of Rajya Sabha (states council)

1958: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People’s Liberation Army’s bombardment of Quemoy
1958-08-23 2d Detroit crisis

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/quemoy_matsu-2.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Taiwan_Strait_Crisis
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8238.html


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P1jm0Y3jYFs

1963: Birth of Park Chan-wook, Korean director and screenwriter
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Park_Chan-wook

1964: Birth of Kong Hee, Singaporean, Founder and Senior Pastor of the City Harvest movement in Asia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kong_Hee

1967: In Vietnam war, Can Tho and Hoa An are attacked by North Vietnamese troops

1968: Communist forces renew offensive in South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/communist-forces-renew-offensive

1973: Birth of Malaika Arora Khan, Indian actress and model
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaika_Arora_Khan
http://www.hamaraphotos.com/malaika_arora_khan_148.html

1996: Osama bin Laden issues a fatwa entitled ‘A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places »

2003: In Cambodia, the Funcipec and Sam Ransy Party form an democratic alliance against the People’s Cambodian Party of premier Hun Sen

2007: In Pakistan, the Supreme Court authorizes the former PM Nawaz Sharif to come back to the country while general Musharraf imposed him a ten years voluntary exile
http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/1126/p01s02-wosc.html

2010: Thailand says it will resume diplomatic ties with Cambodia after Phnom Penh announced the resignation of ousted Thai leader Thaksin Shinawatra as its economic advisor
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11059580

2010: Manila hostage crisis, in which eight Hong Kong hostages are killed
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-11055015
http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/08/23/10/bus-driver-escapes-claims-hostages-all-dead

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gcZXA6YDJII

2011: Islamic rebels in the southern Philippines reject a proposal by the Philippine government to offer what it calls “genuine autonomy” for Filipino Muslims, saying that it “does not address the real issues” that have fueled the separatist rebellion in the country’s south over the past 40 years
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/24/world/asia/24philippines.html?_r=1&ref=asia

2014: The United States has accused the Chinese military of provocation after one of its fighter jets conducted an « intercept » of a US Navy spy plane in international air space over the South China Sea
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/08/us-hits-at-china-over-spy-plane-provocation-201482391728313849.html
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Pentagon-furious-after-Chinese-military-jet-has-near-miss-with-US-plane-31968.html

On 22 August in Asian history

ON 22 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type  “On (day + month) in Asian history”

Updated on August 22, 2017

1155: Death of Japanese Emperor Konoe (1142-1155), born on June 16, 1139
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Konoe

1639: Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/22nd-august-1639-madras-now-chennai-is-founded-by-the-east-india-company

1861: Death of Xianfeng, 8th emperor of the Qing dynasty since 1850, born on July 17, 1831
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xianfeng

1875: The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia, signed on May 7, is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Saint_Petersburg_(1875)
https://howlingpixel.com/wiki/Treaty_of_Saint_Petersburg_(1875)

1875-05-07 St Petersbourg

1888: Birth of Du Yuesheng, boss of Shanghai mafia, who died on August 16, 1951
http://streetsofshanghai.pbworks.com/w/page/18638675/Du%20Yuesheng

1894: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi founds the Natal Indian Congress which later will ally itself with the African National Congress
http://www.sahistory.org.za/organisations/natal-indian-congress-nic

1904: Birth of Deng Xiaoping, leader of China (1978-1997), who died on February 19, 1997
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/dengxiaoping.shtml
http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/china.50/inside.china/profiles/deng.xiaoping/

1910: Japan annexes Korea with the signing of the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty. The name Korea was abolished and replaced with the ancient name Joseon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan-Korea_Annexation_Treaty
http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Japan-Korea_Annexation_Treaty

1924: Birth of Ada Jafri, Pakistani poet and author who died on March 12, 2015
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_Jafri
http://www.poemhunter.com/ada-jafri/biography/

1942: Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy

1945: In China, the Soviet forces enter Port-Arthur

1951: Birth of Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese communist politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandra_Prakash_Mainali

Chandra Prakash Mainali

1955: Birth of Chiranjeevi, Telugu film actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiranjeevi
http://www.ndtv.com/topic/chiranjeevi

1965: Birth of Chen Liping, Singaporean actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Liping


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdf24QLmTZo

1967: Birth of Yukiko Okada, Japanese idol singer who committed suicide on 8 April 1986
 http://jpop.wikia.com/wiki/Okada_Yukiko

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2d3daj-xsvU

1967: In Beijing, during the Cultural Revolution, the British embassy is set on fire
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/peking-embassy-siege-veterans-recall-the-red-guards-summer-of-hate-1245933.html
https://roomfordiplomacy.com/beijing-3-1950-1972/

1967-08-22 Ambassade britannique

1971: Birth of Rick Yune, Korean American actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rick_Yune

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05zhq7j5ZSI&hl=fr

1977 : President Ferdinand Marcos announces the lifting of the nightly curfew and the travel ban as his first step towards relaxing the restrictions imposed under martial law
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/517/today-in-philippine-history-august-22-1977-the-nightly-curfew-imposed-under-the-martial-law-was-lifted

2009: A North Korean delegation paying a rare visit to South Korea to mourn former president Kim Dae-Jung holds breakthrough talks with a government minister. The meeting is the first since a conservative government came to power in Seoul in February
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8215563.stm

2009: Pakistan’s Taliban movement has named Hakimullah Mehsud, a close associate of ex-leader Baitullah Mehsud, as its new leader
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8216062.stm

2010: The Indian and Japanese foreign ministers hold talks on a civil nuclear co-operation agreement. The Japanese minister, Katsuya Okada, said the decision to start negotiations had been one of the toughest he had ever had to make
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-11050615

2011: North Korea seizes South’s Mount Kumgang resort assets, giving South Koreans 72 hours to leave the resort which lies just inside North Korea. The resort used to be a symbol of co-operation between the two Koreas and a key source of hard currency for Pyongyang
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-14611873

2012: Death of Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, Taiwanese cardinal and bishop, born on December 3, 1923
http://www.news.va/en/news/the-popes-condolences-on-the-death-of-cardinal-pau

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ALfmWUo29xg

2015 : Ieng Thirith, ‘First Lady’ of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge dies while facing charges of genocide, crimes against humanity
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2015-08-22/ieng-thirith-first-lady-of-cambodias-khmer-rouge-dies-while-facing-charges-of-genocide-crimes-agains/1484600
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/08/khmer-rouge-lady-ieng-thirith-dies-cambodia-genocide-150822091441396.html

2015 : Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev visits the Kuril islands, prompting a swift rebuke from Tokyo, which claims sovereignty over the archipelago in a long-running dispute
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/asia/2015-08/22/content_15307412.html

2016: Singapore Former President S R Nathan dies, aged 92
http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/former-president-sr-nathan-dies-aged-92
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/s-r-nathan-the/3064912.html

2016: Protests « welcome » Chinese communist leader Sha Hailin visit to Taipei
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Protests-welcome-Chinese-communist-leader’s-visit-to-Taipei-38367.html
http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/china-taiwan-relations/2016/08/23/476329/Protesters-greet.htm

On 21 August in Asian history

ON 21 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 21, 2017

672: Death of Kōbun, few months Japanese emperor, born in 648
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Kōbun

1140: Song Dynasty general Yue Fei defeats an army led by Jin Dynasty general Wanyan Wuzhu at the Battle of Yancheng during the Jin–Song wars
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yancheng
http://www.shenyunperformingarts.org/learn/article/read/item/MzUnKWQT8Cg/yue-fei-chinese-stories-history.html

1140-08-21 Yancheng Battle

1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shogun and the de facto ruler of Japan
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Minamoto_no_Yoritomo
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Minamoto_no_Yoritomo

1535: Birth of Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord who died on February 18, 1619
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimazu_Yoshihiro

1581: Death of Sakuma Nobumori, Japanese retainer and samurai, born in 1527
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakuma_Nobumori

1856: America’s first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Townsend_Harris

1870: Ma Xinyi, Viceroy of Liangjiang of the late Qing Dynasty in China, is assassinated. Born in 1821
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ma_Xinyi

1921: The White Russian Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg who led Mogolia to independence from China in March is hand over to soviet Red army by his own troops
http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/the-bloody-baron-von-ungern-sternberg-madman-or-mystic
http://ahistoryblog.com/2012/08/14/baron-von-ungern-sternberg-1885-1921-bloody-white-baron/

1921: Birth of Jaymala Shiledar, Indian actor and singer who died on August 8, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaymala_Shiledar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAWLTpHADLk

1926: Death of Ugyen Wangchuck, first king of Bhutan, born in 1862
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ugyen_Wangchuck

1937: China and Russia sign a non aggression pact

1942: Allied forces involved in the Guadalcanal campaign defeat an attack by Imperial Japanese Army soldiers in the Battle of the Tenaru River
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Tenaru
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=177275


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MEqr1xXurek

1945: General Ho Ying-chin, commander-in-chief of the Chinese Army, transmits to general Okamura Yasutsugu a memorandum on the preparation for the surrender of Japanese forces in China
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/surrender06.htm

1963: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngo Dinh Nhu, brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem, vandalises Buddhist pagodas across the country, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. Martial law is declared
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nhus-special-forces-attack-the-buddhists
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xa_Loi_Pagoda_raids

1967: China reports downing of 2 US bombers

1971: A bomb exploded in the Liberal Party campaign rally in Plaza Miranda, Manila, with several anti-Marcos political candidates injured

1976: In retaliation of the August 18 murder of two US officers by the North Korean, Operation Paul Bunyan at Panmunjeom, Korea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Paul_Bunyan
http://www.greatunclebill.com/dmzpics.htm

1978: Birth of Bhumika Chawla, Indian Actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumika_Chawla

1978: Birth of Annie Wu, Taiwanese Actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Annie_Wu
http://chinesemov.com/actors/Annie%20Wu.html
http://vimeo.com/15815916

1982: « Gang of Four » Shanghai remnants sentenced
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8092.html

1983: Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at the Manila International Airport
http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Aquino_Assassination
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/21/newsid_2534000/2534945.stm
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8260401
http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/aug-21-1983-benigno-aquino-assassinated-10551934

1984: 900,000 Filipinos hold an anti-Marcos parade

1984 manifs

1987: Birth of Kim Kibum, a member of Korean boy band Super junior. actor and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Kibum

1995: Death of Subrahmanyan Chandrasehkhar, Indian-born astrophysicist, Nobel Prize 1983, born on October 19, 1910
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1983/chandrasekhar-autobio.html

1997: Afghanistan suspends its embassy operations in the United States

2002: In Pakistan, President General Pervez Musharraf unilaterally amends the Pakistani constitution. He expands his term in office and grants himself powers that include the right to dissolve parliament

2004: In Bangladesh, a grenade attack against the main political party, the Awami league, causes 22 dead. Its leader, Sheikh Hasina, is wounded

2006: Death of Ustad Bismillah Khan, Indian musician, born on March 21, 1916
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismillah_Khan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro

2007: In Bangladesh, Violent confrontation between students and police. Students demand the withdrawal of troops from campus and politics

2009: Death of Rex Shelley, Singaporean author, born on November 27, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rex_Shelley
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_1641_2010-01-31.html

2010: Pakistan accepts five million dollars in flood aid from India in a rare gesture of goodwill between the two bitter rivals. Twenty million people have been affected by Pakistan’s worst natural disaster in decades
http://www.france24.com/en/20100821-islamabad-accepts-indian-aid-flood-relief-pakistan-emergency-assistance

2012: South Korea rejected Japan’s formal proposal on Tuesday that the two countries ask the International Court of Justice to settle a long-running island dispute

2014: Thailand’s junta-picked national assembly chooses coup leader, General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, as prime minister in a one-horse race that entrenches the military’s hold on power
http://www.news.com.au/world/thailand-army-chief-general-prayut-chanocha-appointed-prime-minister/story-fndir2ev-1227032107221
http://www.euronews.com/2014/08/21/thailand-s-army-chief-named-as-country-s-pm/

2014: Indonesia’s highest court unanimously upholds last month’s presidential election result, paving the way for Joko Widodo to take over as leader of the world’s third largest democracy
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/indonesias-highest-court-upholds-widodos-presidential-win
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/08/indonesia-upholds-presidential-poll-result-201482114431312552.html
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/21/election-finally-ends-prabowo.html

2015 : Ranil Wickremesinghe, UNP leader, is sworn-in as Sri Lanka’s new Prime Minister
http://asiantribune.com/node/87704

2015 : Wang Dongxing, Mao Zedong’s ex-security chief dies at age 99
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1851403/chinese-leader-mao-zedongs-main-bodyguard-and-later
http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/mao-zedong-s-chief-bodyguard-wang-dongxing-dies-aged-99-report/article1-1382717.aspx

 

Holidays and observances

Philippines: Ninoy Aquino Day

On 20 August in Asian history

ON 20 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 20, 2017

1519: Philosopher and general Wang Yangming defeats Zhu Chenhao, ending the Prince of Ning rebellion against the reign of the Ming Dynasty emperor Zhengde
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_of_Ning_rebellion

1762: Birth of Shah Waliullah, Indian scholar, born on February 21, 1703
http://storyofpakistan.com/shah-wali-ullah/
http://historyofislam.com/contents/resistance-and-reform/shah-waliullah-of-delhi/

1883: Battle of Thuan An, a clash between the French and the Vietnamese during the period of undeclared hostilities which preceded the Sino-French War (August 1884 to April 1885)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Thu%E1%BA%ADn_An

1887: Birth of Phan Khoi, Vietnamese journalist and scholar who died on January 16, 1959
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phan_Kh%C3%B4i

1888: Birth of Tôn Đức Thắng, Vietnamese politician, 2nd President of North Vietnam who died on March 30, 1980
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%B4n_%C4%90%E1%BB%A9c_Th%E1%BA%AFng

1899 : An agreement (Bates Treaty) is signed in Jolo between United States General John C. Bates and the Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammed Jamalul Kiram II
http://www.philippineupdate.com/Bates.htm
http://filipino.biz.ph/history/ba990820.html
http://www.morolandhistory.com/07.PG-Bates%20Mission/Bates_mission_Agreement_1899.htm

1899-08-20 Bates Treaty

1900: Japan’s primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling

1905: The Tongmenghui, also known as the Chinese United League or the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance, a secret society and underground resistance movement organized by Sun Yat-sen and Song Jiaoren is founded in Tokyo
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Tongmenghui
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8114.html

1906: Birth of Misiem Yipintsai, Thai painter and sculptor
http://www.yipintsoi.com/misiem/home.htm
http://www.bloggang.com/viewdiary.php?id=dudao&month=09-2007&date=27&group=1&gblog=49

Misiem Yipinstoi Coy girl

1922: Birth of Akutsu Tetsuzo, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2322897/

1936: Birth of Hideki Shirakawa, Japanese Nobel chemistry laureate in 2000
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2000/shirakawa-autobio.html

1939: Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol or Nomonhan Incident
http://warfarehistorian.blogspot.fr/2013/07/battle-of-khalkhin-gol-soviet-japanese.html
http://www.wwiihistorymagazine.com/2005/may/fea-nomonhan.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W3ZP632g5sY

1939: Birth of Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor and politician who died on December 14, 2004
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Poe,_Jr
http://www.nndb.com/people/278/000047137/
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0688093/bio

1944: Birth of Rajiv Gandhi, Indian prime minister (1984 – 1989), assassinated on May 21, 1991
http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/Rajiv.html
http://www.culturalindia.net/leaders/rajiv-gandhi.html

1950: During the Korean War, United Nations repel an offensive by North Korean divisions attempting to cross the Naktong River and assault the city of Taegu

1954: The USA decides to support Vietnam’s leader Ngo Dinh Diem
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/united-states-decides-to-support-diem

1955: Birth of Agnes Chan, Hong Kong singer and writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_Chan
http://www.agneschan.org/aghk/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUY2c214DWk

1968: Birth of Yuri Shiratori, Japanese voice actress and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Shiratori

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8a3HFpKOHvw

1971: The PRC rejects the August 2 suggestion for the two China joining the United Nations

1971: Birth of Jonathan Ke Quan, Vietnamese American actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Ke_Quan
http://www.angelfire.com/ab/horizons/

1971: General Duong Van Minh and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky, fellow candidates for the October presidential election in Vietnam, accuse incumbent President Nguyen Van Thieu of rigging the election and withdraw from the race
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/minh-and-ky-withdraw-from-presidential-race

1971: Death of Rashid Minhas, Pakistani Air Force pilot, born on February 17, 1951
http://www.pakpost.gov.pk/philately/stamps2003/rashid_minhas.html

1974: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed becomes the 5th president of India, up to his resignation  on February 11, 1977
http://www.gloriousindia.com/biographies/fakhruddin_ali_ahmed.html

1974: US Congress votes to reduce aid to South Vietnam from $1 Billion to $700 Million. Majority of the cuts were for military supplies
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/military-aid-to-saigon-slashed

1979: Indian Premier Charan Singh resigns
http://rrtd.nic.in/charansingh.htm

1998: In retaliation to bombs attacks against its embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, USA strikes Islamist training camps in Afghanistan

2004: Lyonpo Yeshey Zimba becomes again Prime Minister of Bhutan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyonpo_Yeshey_Zimba

2006: After floods caused hundreds of dead in North Korea, Seoul gives 100,000 t. of rice and building materials to the North

2006: Sri Lankan Tamil politician, newspaper publisher and former member of parliament S. Sivamaharajah is shot dead
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._Sivamaharajah
http://tamilnation.co/indictment/continuingwar/060821sivamaharajah.htm

2008: Death of Mao Zedong’s successor Hua Guofeng, born on February 16, 1921
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7572298.stm
http://chineseposters.net/themes/huaguofeng.php

Hua Guofeng 2008

2009: Presidential elections in Afghanistan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8173389.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8212306.stm

2010: Death of Dang Phong, Vietnamese historian, born in 1937
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dang_Phong

2011: Death of Ram Sharan Sharma, Indian historian and academic, born on November 26, 1919
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/marxist-historian-passes-away/article2379796.ece
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_Sharan_Sharma

2012: The wife of disgraced Chinese politician Bo Xilai is given a suspended death sentence for the murder of British businessman Neil Heywood.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19312232

2012: In Burma, newspapers and broadcasts of political or religious nature are no more subject to prior examination. Last year, the government had already removed controls on less ideologically « sensitive » newspapers and magazines
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Burmese-government-ends-“all-media”-censorship-after-50-years-25583.html

2012: Death of Kapu Rajaiah, Indian painter, born on April 7, 1925
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/folk-artist-kapu-rajaiah-passes-away-in-siddipet/article3801501.ece
http://www.subcontinentart.com/Rajaiah.aspx?AP
https://www.google.fr/search?q=kapu+rajaiah&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=RlISUuqMBKml0QWuyYGoCw&sqi=2&ved=0CDoQsAQ&biw=1366&bih=673

Kapu Rajaiah

2013: Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan’s former military ruler, is charged with murder of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, who died in a gun and bomb attack in December 2007
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/08/20138204584024869.htmlhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23763895

2013: Narendra Dabholkar, Indian anti-superstition activist, is murdered, born on August 1, 1945
http://news.biharprabha.com/2013/08/the-biography-of-dr-narendra-dabholkar-a-leading-anti-superstition-activist/
http://nirmukta.com/2013/08/22/dr-narendra-dabholkar-a-tribute/

2015: South Korea fires dozens of shells across the border into North Korea in retaliation for an apparent rocket attack, believed to be aimed at a loudspeaker that has been blaring anti-Pyongyang broadcasts
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2015-08-20/south-korea-fires-shells-in-response-to-suspected-north-korea-rocket-attack/1483834
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20150820001220

 

Holidays and observances

Nepal: Father’s Day

On 19 August in Asian history

ON 19 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 19, 2017

1600: Ahmednagar kingdom is captured by Akbar
https://ncertnotess.wordpress.com/2010/01/15/akbar-conquers-ahmadnagar/

1816: Dutch return to Batavia. Cornelis Elout continues Raffles’ reform policies

1878: Birth of Manuel Quezon, President of the Philippines (1935-1944), who died on August 1, 1944
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/peopleevents/pandeAMEX108.html
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1265/today-in-philippine-history-august-19-1878-manuel-quezon-was-born-in-baler-aurora
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675078025_Manuel-L-Quezon_General-Emilio-Aguinaldo_decorated-floats_establishment-of-commonwealth

1902: Birth of J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino jurist, who died on December 27, 1994
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._B._L._Reyes

1907: Birth of Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Indian historian, author, and scholar who died on May 19, 1979
http://www.varanasi.org.in/dr-hajari-prasad-dwivedi

Hazari Prasad Dwivedi

1914: Birth of Fumio Hayasaka, Japanese composer who died on October 15, 1955
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fumio_Hayasaka

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fel93RxdDBw

1918: Birth of Shankar Dayal Sharma, President of India from 1992 to 1997
http://www.whereincity.com/india/great-indians/presidents/shankar-dayal.php

1919: By the treaty of Rawalpindi, signed on August 8, Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom
https://anydayguide.com/calendar/2364
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Afghan_Treaty_of_1919

1935: Birth of Zahir Raihan, Bangladeshi author and director who died on December 30, 1972
http://www.india-forums.com/celebrity/2065/zahir-raihan/biography/

http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2513556/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Has1I7Ymm70

1944: Last Japanese troops are driven out of India

1944: Birth of Charles Wang, Chinese-born philanthropist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_B._Wang

1945: In Vietnam, Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi
https://www.vietnambreakingnews.com/2015/08/national-day-flashback-vietnams-famous-spots-then-and-now/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Revolution

1945-08-19 Vietmin prend Hanoi

1950: Birth of Sudha Murthy, Indian social worker and writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudha_Murthy

1957: Birth of  Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet
http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/291

1963: Birth of Yip Sai Wing, Hong Kong musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yip_Sai_Wing

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rb34tvZubAo

1965: Japanese prime minister Eisaku Sato becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa

1969: In a protest note, China mention 429 incidents with Soviet Union in the last two months

1970: Cambodia and US sign military aid pact
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cambodia-and-u-s-sign-military-aid-pact

1970: The Chinese Community in South Africa is granted ‘White’ status

1972: Birth of Sammi Cheng Sau Man, Hong Kong singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sammi_Cheng

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YyWSPlhwDao

1972: Birth of Chihiro Yonekura, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chihiro_Yonekura
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=13506

1987: Birth of Ileana D’Cruz, Indian actress
http://entertainment.oneindia.in/celebs/ileana-d-cruz/biography.html
http://ishare.rediff.com/video/entertainment/the-hot-n-happening-ileana-d-cruz/1255580

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ki0yLaYteHg

1993: Death of Utpal Dutt, Indian actor, born on March 29, 1929
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utpal_Dutt
http://stationhollywood.blogspot.com/2008/03/utpal-dutt-majestic-actor-of-bollywood.html

1994: After the August 16 large victory of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Chandrika Kumaratunga is elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3239821.stm

1996: Resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Niger after July 30, 1992 suspension

2007: At a very large majority, Thai people approve the new constitution proposed by the military junta, opening the way for elections and a civilian government
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Constitution_of_Thailand
http://www.asianlii.org/th/legis/const/2007/

2011: Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi meets with President Thein Sein in the highest-level talks yet between the democracy icon and the leaders of a nominally civilian government made up of retired military men elected in March
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-14585995

2012: Anti-Japanese protests spread across China over the weekend, and the landing of Japanese activists on a disputed island on Sunday sharply intensified tensions between the two countries
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/20/world/asia/japanese-activists-display-flag-on-disputed-island.html?_r=1&ref=asia

http://www.euronews.com/2012/08/19/japan-china-tension-over-islands/

2014: Death of Adyar K. Lakshman, Indian dancer and choreographer, born on December 16, 1933
http://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/The-life-and-times-of-the-legendary-Adyar-Lakshman/2013/05/25/article1604434.ece
http://www.thestar.com.my/Lifestyle/Entertainment/Arts/On-Stage/2014/08/31/Master-of-dance/

2014: Death of Odessa Sathyan, Indian director and producer, born on October 10, 1957
http://www.madhyamam.com/en/node/26210
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odessa_Sathyan

 

Holidays and observances

Afghanistan: Afghan Independence Day

On 18 August in Asian history

1966-08-18 Long Tan

ON 18 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 18, 2017

673: Death of Kim Yu-shin, Korean general, born in 595
http://www.badassoftheweek.com/yushin.html
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Kim_Yushin

690: Empress dowager Wu Zetian takes the power and found the Zhou dynasty putting an end to the Tang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Zetian
http://www.ancient.eu/Wu_Zetian/

1227: Death of Genghis Khan, Khagan of Mongol Empire
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genghis_Khan
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/genghis-khan-dies

genghis khan 2

1541: A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture)

1620: Death of Wanli, Emperor of China Ming dynasty (1572-1620), born on September 4, 1563
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wanli_Emperor

1700: Birth of Baji Rao I, general and peshwa (PM) of Indian Maratha kingdom, who died on 25 April 1740
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baji_Rao_I

1841: James Brooke is officially enthroned rajah of Sarawak (Borneo)
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-BrookeJ.html

1858: After the US, Netherlands and Japan sign trade agreement
http://www.ndl.go.jp/nichiran/e/s1/s1_4.html

1900: Birth of Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Allahabad Oudh, Indian diplomat and politician
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/vijaylaxmi-pandit.html
http://generalknowledgeindian.blogspot.fr/2012/10/biography-of-vijaya-lakshmi-pandit.html

1908: Birth of Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu) who died on February 16, 1070
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armijn_Pane

1909: Tokyo mayor Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yukio_Ozaki

1930: Birth of Bo Hi Pak, Korean church leader
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bo_Hi_Pak
http://nndb.com/people/240/000054078/

1932: Birth of Muhammad Khan Junejo, Pakistan’s PM (1985-1988) who died in March 1993
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P021

1934: Birth of Gulzar, Indian director, producer, and songwriter
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulzar
http://www.hindustantimes.com/brunch-stories/nostalgia-is-a-sweet-place-for-a-writer-to-be-in-but-it-s-a-distraction-says-bollywood-legend-gulzar/article1-1342597.aspx

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F2A_fV2qMmE

1942: A group of freedom fighter of Sherpur hoisted the Tricoloure at Mohammadabad Tehsil, Ghazipur India

1944: US President Roosevelt appoints general Patrick Hurley as his personal representative in China

1945: Sukarno takes office as the first president of Indonesia with Hatta as vice-president, following the country’s declaration of independence the previous day and the constitution is adopted
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Indonesia#cite_note-Kusuma2004-2 https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Constitution_of_the_Republic_of_Indonesia
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Hatta-Mo.html

1945-08-18 Constitution adopted

1945: Death of Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian freedom fighter and founder of the All India Forward Block, born on 23 January 1897
1945-08-1945 Death of Subhas Chandra Bose
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Subhas_Chandra_Bose
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2015/03/india-independence-hero-fate-remains-top-secret-150311072137384.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/18th-august-1945-netaji-subhas-chandra-bose-is-reported-seriously-injured-in-a-plane-crash-in-taiwan-and-is-believed-to-have-passed-away-in-a-local-hospital

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQXNNdeL4q0

1945: Soviet forces start to occupy Kuril Islands

1947: Pakistan becomes member of the United Nations by a unanimous vote of the Security Council

1952: At Moscow, opening of a Sino-Soviet conference to review the 1950 treaties

1953: Birth of Ma Jian, Chinese writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ma_Jian_(writer)
http://us.macmillan.com/author/majian

1965: In the Vietnam War, Operation Starlite begins – United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in the first major American ground battle of the war


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marines-launch-operation-starlite
http://www.operationstarlite.com/history.html
http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,Leatherneck_050815_Starlite,00.html


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYqS1dHy5lY

1965: Birth of Koji Kikkawa, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C5%8Dji_Kikkawa

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dL2iQGpCTEw

1966: In Vietnam War, the Battle of Long Tan occurs, when a patrol of Royal Australian Regiment encounter the Viet Cong

1966-08-18 Long Tan
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/australians-defeat-vc-at-long-tan
http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/battle-of-long-tan
http://battleoflongtan.com/film/battle-long-tan-documentary/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQ4txHAK6g4

1966: Birth of Kang Soo-yeon, South Korean actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kang_Soo-yeon

1967: Birth of Daler Mehndi, Indian bhangra/pop singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daler_Mehndi
http://www.dalermehndi.com/

1968: Birth of Lee Seung-yeon, South Korean actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Seung-yeon

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SGNYg3d-pk

1970: Birth of Jessica Hsuan, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jessica_Hsuan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N42vun5xWlg

1971: Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/australia-and-new-zealand-decide-to-withdraw-troops-from-vietnam

1972: Birth of Leo Ku, Hong Kong singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_Ku

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFx2WViSgd0

1975: Insurrection in the Portuguese province of East-Timor for independence

1976: In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjeom, the Axe Murder Incident results in the death of two US soldiers
http://adst.org/2014/12/the-bizarre-north-korean-axe-murders/
http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=b3a_1364016646

1979: Birth of Mohib Mirza, Pakistani actor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohib_Mirza
http://style.pk/top-model-and-actor-mohib-mirza-biography/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2dAwgEsch0c

1980: Birth of Preeti Jhangiani, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preeti_Jhangiani
http://www.moviegupshup.net/categories.php?cat_id=55

1982: Japanese election law is amended to allow for proportional representation

1998: Death from a massive heart attack of Persis Khambatta, Indian actress, born on 2 October 1948
http://people.famouswhy.com/persis_khambatta/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persis_Khambatta

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTCrUOHRJZk

2001: North Korea leader Kim Jong-il comes back to Pyongyang after a twenty five-day trip to Russia by train

2005: The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4162054.stm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_Mission_2005
http://english.sina.com/z/050822mission/index.shtml

2006: In Afghanistan, foundation of the United National Front, a new political party formed by warlords

2008: General Pervez Musharraf resigns as president of Pakistan
http://awazapni.blogspot.com/2008/08/president-pervez-musharraf-resigns.html

2009: Kim Dae-jung, the former South Korea’s president who led the fight for democracy in his country and championed the so-called « Sunshine Policy » of engagement with North Korea, dies at the age of 85
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/08/20098186155505110.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8206490.stm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cOw5lE7BtRA&feature=fvw

2011: Detained Indian anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare agrees to a police offer which will permit him to go on hunger strike in a park for 15 days
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-14568712
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/MH19Df02.html

 

On 17 August in Asian history

1947-08-17 Indépendance

ON 17 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 17, 2017

1304: Death of Go-Fukakusa, 89th emperor of Japan (1246-1259), born on June 28, 1243
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Fukakusa

1338: Death of Nitta Yoshisada, Japanese samurai, born in 1301
http://www.samurai-archives.com/yoshisada.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitta_Yoshisada

1798: The Vietnamese Roman Catholics report a Marian apparition in Quảng Trị, an event which is called Lady of La Vang
http://www.marypages.com/LaVang.htm

1866: Birth of Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad, who died on December 12, 1911
http://www.hyderabadplanet.com/mir-mahboob-ali-khan-asaf-jah-nizam.html

1909: Indian revolutionary, Madan Lal Dhingra is hanged in Pentonville prison for Sir Wyllie and Lalkaka murders, born on September 18, 1883
https://www.hindujagruti.org/articles/46_madan-lal-dhingra.html

1926: Birth of Jiang Zemin, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (1989-2002)
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/jiangzemin.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiang_Zemin

1932: Birth of V. S. Naipaul, West Indian writer, Nobel Laureate 2001
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2001/naipaul-bio.html

1938: Birth of Abu Bakar Bashir, spiritual leader of the Islamist terrorist movement Jemaah Islamiyah
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Bakar_Bashir

1942: U.S. Marines raid the Japanese-held Pacific island of Makin (Butaritari)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/carlsons-raiders-land-on-makin-island

1945: Sukarno proclaims Indonesia independence

1947-08-17 Indépendance
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesian_Declaration_of_Independence
http://cip.cornell.edu/DPubS?service=UI&version=1.0&verb=Display&handle=seap.indo/1106943306

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_oXN2-ifFYI

1945: General Leclerc is appointed commander in chief for French forces in Far East, and Admiral  d’Argenlieu administrator of French Indo-China

1945: President Jose P. Laurel announces the dissolution of the Republic of the Philippines established during the Japanese occupation

1946: Muslim riots in several large Indian cities for an independent Pakistan

1947: The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed
ttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radcliffe_Line
http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/archives_roll/2002_01-03/chester_partition/chester_partition.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/17th-august-1947-the-radcliffe-line-the-border-between-the-union-of-india-and-the-dominion-of-pakistan-is-revealed

1947: After the Independence of India, the first contingent of British troops sailed for home

1949: Death of Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist & politician, born on November 28, 1891
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregorio_Perfecto

1950: The United States of Indonesia changes itself in the Republic (united) of Indonesia

1953: Birth of Korrie Layun Rampan, Indonesian author, poet, and critic who died on November 19, 2015
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korrie_Layun_Rampan

1960: Indonesia break up its diplomatic relations with Netherlands

1963: Birth of S. Shankar, Indian film director
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/shankar-tamil-director/biography.html
http://spicyonion.com/director/s-shankar-biography/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dg7qRQERhhg&feature=related

1970: Death of Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker, born on May 22, 1908
http://thaifilmjournal.blogspot.fr/2008/05/ratana-pestonji-father-of-contemporary.html
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0676112/

1973: The United States and Thailand agree to begin negotiations on the reduction of American troops in Thailand
 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-troops-to-withdraw-from-thailand

1974: Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, candidate of the Congress Party is elected president of India, sworn on 24
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_presidential_election,_1974
http://pastpresidentsofindia.indiapress.org/ahmed.html

1978: Birth of Karena Lam, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karena_Lam
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/lam_karena.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6fR2GnLpOQU

1981: In Sri Lanka, state of emergency is declared after ethnic clashes between Singhalese and Tamil

1982: Sino-American joint communiqué on the progressive reduction of US sales of weapons to Taiwan
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/communique03.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/7941.html1983: Three Afghan nationalist moderate movements announce their alliance and support king Zaher Shah in exile in Italy

1988: General Zia-ul-Haq, president of Pakistan, is killed in a plane crash near Bahawalpur 

1988-08-17 muhammad-zia-ul-haq-crashed-airplane
http://www.nytimes.com/1988/08/18/world/zia-of-pakistan-killed-as-blast-downs-plane-us-envoy-28-others-die.html

http://storyofpakistan.com/death-of-general-zia-ul-haq/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_and_state_funeral_of_Muhammad_Zia-ul-Haq

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tsq2vzjuEHo

1993: Death of Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician, born on September 9, 1920
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feng_Kang
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8020.html

1999: Sellapan Rama Nathan is elected president of Singapore
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sellapan_Ramanathan

2005: Foundation of the People’s New Party (Kokumin Shinto), headed by former lower house speaker Tamisuke Watanuki
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_New_Party

2005: Over 500 bombs are set off by terrorists at 300 locations in 63 out of the 64 districts of Bangladesh
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/4158478.stm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_Bangladesh_series_bombings

2006: Death of Shamsur Rahman, Bengali poet
http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2006/sep/15/culture.obituaries

2009: Thousands of supporters of Thailand’s former prime minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, have joined a rally in Bangkok to present a petition to the king, seeking a royal pardon for his 2008 corruption conviction
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/08/20098174323179370.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8204589.stm

2009: North Korea agrees to reopen its border with South Korea and allow tourism and family reunions to resume, the North’s KCNA news agency said
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8204516.stm

2012: Taiwan’s high court clears former president Chen Shui-bian of one charge of instigating perjury in the latest legal victory for the jailed ex-leader.

2015 : A bomb explodes close to a shrine in the centre of Thailand’s capital, Bangkok, killing at least 19 people and injuring more than 100
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-33963280
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/08/17/asia/thailand-bangkok-bomb/index.html

2015 : Sri Lanka’s ruling United National Party wins the most seats in the island’s parliamentary August 17 elections, blocking former President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s attempt to return to power
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-33970289
ttp://www.thehindu.com/news/international/sri-lanka-parliamentary-election-rajapaksa-concedes-defeat/article7552952.ece?homepage=true
https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/rajapaksas-loss-spells-victory-for-democracy/

 

Holidays and observances

Indonesia : Independence Day

On 16 August in Asian history

 

ON 16 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 16, 2017

1 BC: Wang Mang consolidates his power and is declared marshal of state. Emperor Ai of Han, who died the day prior, had no heirs.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Mang

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Ai_of_Han

1378: Birth of Chinese Emperor Hongxi, from September 7, 1424, to his death on May 29, 1425
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hongxi_Emperor

1384: The Hongwu Emperor of Ming China hears a case of a couple who tore paper money bills while fighting over them—a case considered equal to the act of destroying stamped government documents, which by law necessitated one hundred floggings by a bamboo rod. However, the Hongwu Emperor decided to pardon them
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hongwu_Emperor

1443: Death of Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun, born on March 19, 1434
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashikaga_Yoshikatsu
http://www.japan-photo.de/e-yoshikatsu.htm

1765: In India, Robert Clive signs the treaty of Allahabad by which Great-Britain will have the monopoly of the collection of tax in Bengal, Orissa and Bihar
http://www.gktoday.in/treaty-of-allahabad/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/shropshire/content/articles/2005/03/29/robert_clive_feature.shtml

1765-08-16 Traité de Allahabad

1891: The Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed
https://philippines.knoji.com/the-steel-church-of-asia-the-san-sebastian-church/
http://www.artesdelasfilipinas.com/archives/24/the-san-sebastian-church-gustave-eiffel-s-church-in-the-philippines

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gd_42NAtXlk


1886: Death of Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda, born in February 1836
http://www.ramakrishna.org/rmk.htm

1900: After defeating-the Boxer Rebellion, the allied forces loot Beijing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Peking_(1900)
http://www.china.org.cn/e-8guo/4/0.htm

1904: Birth of Minoru Genda, Japanese military aviator and politician who died on August 15, 1989
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=99
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoru_Genda

1913: Tohoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) admits its first female students

1945: Thailand denounces its declaration of war on Allies

1945: Lt Gen Jonathan Wainwright, captured by the Japanese in the Philippines, is freed by Russian forces in Manchuria
 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/senior-u-s-pow-is-released

1945: Takijirō Ōnishi, Japanese admiral, born June 2, 1891, commits suicide

http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=170

1945: Following the Japanese capitulation, beginning of the Vietnamese August Revolution
http://alphahistory.com/vietnam/the-august-revolution/
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/August+Revolution+of+1945+in+Vietnam

1945: After the Japanese capitulation, dissolution of the collaborationist government established by Wang Jingwei in Nanjing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reorganized_National_Government_of_the_Republic_of_China
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/7968.html

1945 : Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, is captured by Soviet troops
http://history.info/on-this-day/1945-last-chinese-emperor-pu-yi-arrested-by-soviets/

1946: Direct Action Day or The Great Calcutta Killing begins, in which more than 4,000 would be killed in 72 hours
http://timelines.com/1946/8/16/direct-action-day-also-known-as-the-great-calcutta-killing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Direct_Action_Day

1951: Death of Du Yuesheng, Triad boss in Shanghai, born on August 21, 1888
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Du_Yuesheng
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/7972.html

1961: Death of Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar
http://www.pakpost.gov.pk/philately/stamps2004/maulvi_abdul_haq.html

1962: Eight years after the remaining French India territories were handed to India, the ratifications of the treaty are exchanged to make the transfer official.

http://www.unostamps.nl/country_french_indian_settlements.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_India

1964: After a January 30 coup d’état Duong Van Minh is replaced by General Nguyen Khanh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution is established with aid from the U.S. Embassy
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/general-khanh-ousts-general-minh-as-chief-of-state

1966: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/congress-investigates-antiwar-demonstrators

1967: Death of K’ung Hsiang-hsi, often known as H. H. Kung,a wealthy Chinese banker and politician in theearly 20th century. He was the richest man in China at that time, born on September 11, 1881
http://oberlin.edu/library/digital/shansi/bios.html

1969: Varahagiri Venkata Giri is elected president of India (starting on August 24)
http://www.whereincity.com/india/great-indians/presidents/varahagiri.php

1970: Birth of Manisha Koirala, Nepalese Bollywood actress
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0463539/bio
http://www.bollywoodpicturesgallery.com/manisha_koirala_01.htm

1970: Birth of Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saif_Ali_Khan


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gj2iqZWiHBA

1971: The Bangladeshi Freedom Fighters explode several Pakistani warships in Chittagong
http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Operation_Jackpot

1980: Birth of Hwangbo, South Korean singer, rapper, and actress (Chakra)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hwangbo

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-rdvTeHohk

1991: Birth of G.E.M., Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actress

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gem_(singer)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJ-8lKZs7s0

1994: In Sri Lanka, land slide election victory of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, led by Chandrika Kumaratunga
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lankan_parliamentary_election,_1994

1997: Noted Pakistani singer, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, born on October 13, 1948, passes away
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/nusrat-fateh-ali-khan-dead-at-48-19970818
http://www.artistdirect.com/nad/music/artist/bio/0,,452971,00.html

2001: In a speech, Indonesian president Megawati Sukarnoputri apologies for human rights in Aceh and Irian Jaya but excludes independence

2001: USA grant a transit visa to Taiwan prime minister Chang Chun-hsiung on his way to South America in September

2006: Wu Shu-chen, the wife of Taiwan’s president Chen Shui-bian is prosecuted for corruption

2008: Death of Masanobu Fukuoka, Japanese farmer and author, born on February 2, 1913

http://www.onestrawrevolution.net/One_Straw_Revolution/Massanobu_Fukuoka.html

2011: In India, police arrest Anna Hazare and detains 1,400 of his supporters ahead of a mass fast to protest against corruption.
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/08/20118162334873519.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-14542053
http://www.france24.com/en/20110816-asia-protests-anna-hazare-anti-corruption-movement-leader-arrested-india

2013: A senior Chinese official has said the country will phase out the practice of taking organs from executed prisoners from November
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-23722796

 

Holidays and observances

Gozan no Okuribi (Kyoto, Japan)

On 15 August in Asian history

ON 15 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 15, 2017

873: Death of Southern Tang emperor Li Yu
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Yu_(Southern_Tang)

1281: During the second Mongol invasion of Japan, the Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a « divine wind » for the second time in the Battle of Kōan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_K%C5%8Dan

1517: Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fern%C3%A3o_Pires_de_Andrade

1549: Saint Francis Xavier goes ashore at Kagoshima, Japan
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06233b.htm

1798: Birth of Sangolli Rayanna, a prominent freedom fighter from Karnataka, India, executed on January 26, 1831
http://sangollirayannadhangar.blogspot.fr/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangolli_Rayanna
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sangolli_Rayanna_(film)

1863: The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom by the bombardment of Kagoshima
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Kagoshima
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Bombardment_of_Kagoshima#encyclopedia

1865: Birth of Usui Mikao, founder of Reiki, who died on March 9, 1926
http://www.reiki.org/FAQ/HistoryOfReiki.html#usui

1869: The Japanese Meiji government establishes six new ministries including one for Shinto-Worship

1872: Birth of Sri Aurobindo, Indian guru, who died on December 5, 1950
http://www.writespirit.net/authors/sri-aurobindo/biography-sri-aurobindo/
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sri-aurobindo-76.php

1878: China’s first set of stamps issued
https://www.xabusiness.com/china-resources/china-stamps-history.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/7917.html

1878-08-15 premiers timbres

1900: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the Boxer Rebellion

1912: Birth of Amir Khan, Indian singer who died on February 13, 1974
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amir_Khan_(singer)

1914: Japan gives ultimatum to Germany
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japan-gives-ultimatum-to-germany
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/tsingtau_kato.htm

1939: Foundation at Rangoun of the Communist Party of Burma (6 members). Aung San is elected General Secretary
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_Burma

1945: The Emperor recorded Imperial Rescript on Surrender is broadcasted
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyokuon-hoso

1945-08-15 Radio
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-japanese-emperor-speaks
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/15/newsid_3581000/3581971.stm

 

1945: Suicide of Japanese War Minister General Korechika Anami
http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_anami_korechika.html
http://www.generals.dk/general/Anami/Korechika/Japan.html
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7942840

1945: Korean Liberation Day from Japan
http://www.123independenceday.com/south-korea/
http://www.officeholidays.com/countries/south_korea/liberation_day.php

1945: Birth of Begum Khaleda Zia, Bangladeshi politician, leader of the opposition
 http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Khaleda_Zia

1947: India gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes an independent nation within the Commonwealth , Jawaharlal Nehru addresses the nation with the Indian Declaration of Independence and takes office as the first Prime Minister of India


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/india-and-pakistan-win-independence
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day–India-Gains-Independence-from-Britain.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5X7LzTrLYU

1947: Birth of Raakhee Gulzar, Indian actress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rakhee_Gulzar

1947: The founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah is sworn in as first Governor General of Pakistan at Karachi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-9gPnfTocA

1948: Birth of Japanese actress Bunjaku Han who died on November 5, 2002
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0359149/

1948: The Republic of Korea is formally established by Syngman Rhee who has been elected president on July 20
http://www.rarenewspapers.com/view/626105

1948

1949: French gives back the administration of Chandernagor to the Indian authorities

1949: Death of Kanji Ishiwara, Japanese general, born on January 18, 1889
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2010/10/soldier-of-monarchy-kanji-ishiwara.html
http://www.reocities.com/lord10kyears/ishiwara.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanji_Ishiwara

1950 Sukarno proclaims the unitary Republic of Indonesia and becomes its first President

1955: The « Pacifist Movement » for the incorporation of Portugese Indies into India triggers riots in  Goa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goa_liberation_movement

1961: Birth of Suhasini Maniratnam, Indian Actress
http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/suhasini-biography-4105.html
http://entertainment.oneindia.in/celebs/suhasini-mani-ratnam/biography.html

1962: Signature of the agreement on Western New Guinea between the Netherlands and Indonesia. The territory will be administrated by the United Nations up to May 1, 1963, then by Indonesia up to a referendum late 1969

1962: Death of Lei Feng, Chinese revolutionary, born on December 1940
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lei_Feng
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2011-03/10/content_12150057.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/7937.html

1965: During the Second Indo-Pakistani War, Indian forces crossed the border and launched an attack on the territory of Kashmir administered by Pakistan

1966: Birth of Shirley Kwan, Hong Kong singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shirley_Kwan

1969: Woodstock begins in upstate New York
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/woodstock-begins-in-upstate-new-york

1969: Birth of Kevin Cheng, Hong Kong actor and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Cheng

1973: The United States bombing of Cambodia ends

1974: Yuk Young-soo, First Lady of South Korea is killed amid an apparent assassination attempt upon President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee, during the anniversarial ceremony of the Liberation day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuk_Young-soo
http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/Article.aspx?aid=2940609

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-d-aVd57AKA

1975: Military coup in Bangladesh. President Sheikh Mujibur Rehman is killed along with all family members, except Haseena Wajid
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassination_of_Sheikh_Mujibur_Rahman

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sli4bDZRng

1975: Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by a sitting prime minister of Japan on the anniversary of the end of World War II
http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2321.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1330223.stm

1981: Birth of Song Ji-hyo, South Korean actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_Ji-hyo
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Song_Ji-hyo.php

1989: Death of Minoru Genda, Japanese military aviator and politician, born on August 16, 1904
http://www.nytimes.com/1989/08/17/obituaries/general-minoru-genda-84-dies-planned-attack-on-pearl-harbor.html

1995: Ven. Thich Quang Do and five other monks and laity are tried by the People’s Court of Ho Chi Minh City and convicted of « sabotaging government policies and damaging the interests of the state. » Ven. Thich Quang Do received a prison term of five years
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/soc.culture.vietnamese/fXo9OvrmsuQ

Thich Quang Do 2

2000 : A group of 100 people from North Korea arrives in South Korea for temporary reunion with relatives they had not seen for half a century. Also a group of 100 South Koreans visits the North
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/871228.stm

2004: Death of Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician
http://us.rediff.com/news/2004/aug/15guj.htm

2005: Agreement between the Free Aceh Movement (Gam) and the Indonesian government
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4151980.stm

2006: Japanese premier Junichiro Koizumi makes his annual pilgrim to Yasukumi sanctuary where are buried 2,500,000 Japanese warriors, including 14 war criminals, causing a diplomatic raw with China and Korea

2008: Maoist leader Prachanda is elected as Nepal’s Prime Minister
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7563816.stm

2009: Taiwan’s president says the death toll from the floods triggered by Typhoon Morakot could top 500 people
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/08/20098149414289785.html

2012: Japanese police arrests five Hong Kong activists who landed on disputed islands
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19264633


2013: Two Japanese cabinet ministers and dozens of lawmakers have visited the Yasukuni shrine on the anniversary of Japan’s surrender in World War II
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23695131
http://www.france24.com/en/20130815-japan-pm-shinzo-abe-skips-world-war-2-II-usual-remorse-reference-speech-anniversary-surrender-asia
http://www.voanews.com/content/china-objects-to-japan-shrine-visit/1730280.html
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20130815000234

2014: The Hong Kong Law Society has sent a strong rebuke to Beijing after it passed a vote of no confidence in its own president, who backed a controversial white paper reaffirming China’s control over the city
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1574521/solicitors-step-pressure-law-society-president-ambrose-lam

2014: More than 80 politicians — including three cabinet ministers — went to the leafy Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo, but Prime Minister Shinzo Abe stayed away, after a visit in December drew an angry reaction from Japan’s neighbours
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/11036115/Japan-makes-peace-pledge-on-war-anniversary.html

2015 : Aceh province kicks off a 3-month long commemoration of the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding signed 10 years ago ending three decades of conflict in the Indonesian province http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/aceh-celebrates-10th/2052610.html

2015 : Marking the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, reflecting strong belief in peace, Emperor Akihito refers to ‘deep remorse’ over war
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/16/world/asia/emperor-akihito-expresses-deep-remorse-for-japans-role-in-world-war-ii.html?ref=asia&_r=0

 

Holidays and observances

India: Independence Day (from the United Kingdom, 1947)

Korea: Gwangbokjeol (Liberation Day)

On 14 August in Asian history

1947-08-14 Indépendance

ON 14 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 14, 2017

1183: Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Munemori

1204: Death of Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (1002-1203)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minamoto_no_Yoriie

1281: During Kublai Khan’s 2nd Invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan

1297: Birth of Emperor Hanazono, 95th Japanese Emperor (1308-1318) who died on December 2, 1348
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Hanazono

1573: Death of Saito Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord, born in 1548
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Saito_Tatsuoki

1642: Dutch navigator Abel Tasman sail from Jakarta with two ships. He will discover several islands, one of them will be named Tasmania
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Abel_Janszoon_Tasman.aspx
http://www.nndb.com/people/442/000098148/

1774: Birth of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian Freedom fighter and social reformer, who died on September 27, 1833
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/raja-ram-mohan-roy.html

1871: Birth of Guangxu, Qing Emperor of China, who died on November 14, 1908
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2011/12/monarch-profile-emperor-guangxu-of.html
http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/known/guangxu.htm


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFyAGRaBp70

1885: Japan’s first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint

1898: End of the siege of Manila by the US forces led by General Wesley Merrit
http://filipino.biz.ph/history/proc-capitulation.html
http://filipino.biz.ph/history/proc-occupation.html

1900: In Beijing, the legation compound, besieged by the Boxer is freed by an international force
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/peking-relieved-by-multinational-force
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eight-Nation_Alliance
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/7876.html

1911: Birth of Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian spiritual leader, who died on March 28, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vethathiri_Maharishi

1917: During World War I, China declares war on Germany and Austria
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/china-declares-war-on-germany

1921: Tannu Uriankhai, later Tuvan People’s Republic is established as a completely independent country from China, supported by Soviet Russia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tannu_Uriankhai
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuvan_People%27s_Republic

1924: Birth of Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, 16th Karmapa Lama, Tibetan religious figure, who died on November 5, 1981
https://www.karmapa.org/life-16th-karmapa/

1937: Chinese Air Force Day: The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when 6 Imperial Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers are shot down by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force while raiding Chinese air bases

1940: Zhang Xiaolin, one of the Green Gang leaders, is assassinated by one of his bodyguard to please to Chiang Kaishek
http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/767575.shtml

1945: In the afternoon, Japan’s surrender is made public
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japans-surrender-made-public

1945: By several agreements signed in Moscow, Soviet Union and China seal their Union against Japan and solve some question in Manchuria

1945: The Viet Minh launches August Revolution amid the political confusion and power vacuum engulfing Vietnam
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_Revolution

1945: Son Ngoc Thanh becomes prime minister of Cambodia
http://khmerization.blogspot.fr/2010/01/son-ngoc-thanh-s-biography.html
http://angkor1431.tripod.com/index/id21.html

1947: Pakistan gains Independence from the British Indian Empire under the administration of United Kingdom and joins the British Commonwealth

1947-08-14 Indépendance
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/partition1947_01.shtml
http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/pakistan/independence-day

1947: Birth of Jiro Taniguchi, Japanese mangaka
http://lambiek.net/artists/t/taniguchi.htm

1952: In Nepal, end of a royal coup d’état. The king takes personnaly the power

1957 : Birth of Bollywood actor and comedian Johnny Lever
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Lever
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/14th-august-1957-popular-bollywood-actor-and-comedian-johnny-lever-is-born


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MiUqPFjCDe4

1965: Ratification by the South Korea National Assembly of the treaty signed with Japan on June 22

1971: Pyongyang accepts the Seoul offer to resume negociations between the two Red Cross

1972: Birth of Yoo Jae-Seok, South Korean comedian and actor

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoo_Jae-suk

http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Yoo_Jae-seok.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WM-WkB3Rxo

1973: The constitution of 1973 comes into effect in Pakistan
http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/constitution/

1973: US bombing of Cambodia comes to a halt
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-bombing-of-cambodia-ceases

1979: Birth of Yoichiro Morikawa, Japanese film director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoichiro_Morikawa

1982: Death of Mahasi Sayadaw, Burmese monk, born on July 29, 1904
http://www.mahasiusa.org/sayadaw.html

2000: Pakistan’s President Musharraf introduces Local Government Ordinance

2001: Following an agreement signed at Moscow with Pyongyang, a 930 km railway will be restored from Moscow to Seoul

2006: In Sri Lanka, a girls school is bombed by government troops causing 61 people dead and 200 wounded
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chencholai_bombing

2008: Cambodia and Thailand reach a deal to withdraw their troops from disputed temple
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7560474.stm

2010: The lawmakers, from eight European right-wing parties, pay homage at Yasukuni shrine and joined a Shinto ritual at the shrine’s main sanctuary, as part of a series of events to mark the 65th anniversary of Japan’s World War II surrender
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/08/201081414738993868.html

2010: Summer Youth Olympic Games, first ever Youth Olympics, officially starts in Singapore
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summer_Youth_Olympic_Games

2011: Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi maids her first political trip outside the nation’s main city since her release from seven years of house arrest
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2011/08/201181464155221849.html

2011: Death of Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor and director, born on October 21, 1931
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shammi_Kapoor
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/videos/entertainment/bollywood/Bollywood-mourns-the-death-of-Shammi-Kapoor/videoshow/9601468.cms

2011: Jhalanath Khanal, Nepal’s prime minister, submits his resignation to the president over failure to reach consensus on moving forward with the country’s peace process
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/08/2011814173220108329.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-14523275

2014: In a first papal visit to Asia in 15 years, Pope Francis kicks off a five-day visit to South Korea fuelled by the Vatican’s desire to expand the Church in Asia despite challenges posed by governments like China
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/pope-s-korea-first-asia-visit-15-years
http://www.euronews.com/2014/08/14/pope-arrives-in-seoul-for-asian-youth-day-catholic-festival/
http://koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2014/08/632_162941.html

2015 : Shinzo Abe, the Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe, express « profound grief » for the « immeasurable damage and suffering » the nation’s military caused before and during the Second World War, but emphasises that future generations should not have to keep saying sorry
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/11802967/Japan-PM-expresses-Second-World-War-remorse-but-says-next-generation-need-not-apologise.html
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/08/14/asia/japan-wwii-abe-apology/index.html

http://japan.kantei.go.jp/97_abe/statement/201508/0814statement.html

 

Holidays and observances

Pakistan : Independence Day

Indonesia: Pramuka Day