On 25 March in Asian history

1975-03-25 Prise de Hué


To see another date, on Internet, type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 25, 2019

1603: Death of Ikoma Chikamasa, Japanese warlord, born in 1526

1868: For the second time in history, the Japanese emperor appears in public

1869: The Naval Battle of Miyako Bay, a naval action during the Boshin War on 1869-05-06 (March 25 by the lunar calendar)

1874: Birth of Sunjong, last emperor of Korea (1907-1910) who died on 24 April 1926

1887: Birth of Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo who committed suicide on July 6, 1944

1905: As war is won by Japan, Russia receives Japan’s terms for peace. A treaty will be signed on September 5th

1916: Birth of S. M. Pandit, Indian painter and educator who died on March 30, 1993

S. M. Pandit 2

1924: Birth of Machiko Kyô, Japanese actress

1936 : President Quezon issued EO No. 23 which prescribes the specifications of the Philippines national flag

1947: Netherlands government finally ratifies 1946 November 11, Linggadjati agreement by which Netherlands recognize the authority of the Republic of Indonesia on a part of the Netherland Indies

1947: The Taiwanese painter Chen Cheng-po is shot dead in public by the KMT military, born on February 2, 1895

1948: Birth of Farooq Sheikh, Indian actor who died on December 27, 2013

1953: Burma call on United Nations to get the withdrawal of the remaining Kuomintang soldiers on its soil

1955: Death of Chinese painter Huang Binhong, born on January 27, 1865

Huang Binhong landscape

1958: Birth of Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician and television commentator

1960: Birth of Idy Chan Yuk-lin, Hong Kong actress

1969: South Vietnam government says that it is ready to have talks with the communist National Liberation Front

1969: Pakistan President Ayub Khan resigns and hands over the power to the commander-in-chief, General Muhammad Yahya Khan who declares Martial Law the following day

1971: Beginning of Operation Searchlight by Pakistan forces against East Pakistani civilians in West part of Pakistan

1971: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam abandon an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos

1971: Foundation of Mukti Bahini (Liberation Army or Freedom Fighters) in East Pakistan to fight West Pakistan

1975: South Vietnamese troops lose the former imperial city of Hue

1975-03-25 Prise de Hué

1976: Birth of Cha Tae-hyun, South Korean actor

1976: Birth of Gigi Leung, Hong Kong singer and actress

1976: Birth of Baek Ji-Young, South Korean singer

1977: In India, Morarji Desai, 81, forms the first non Congress Party government including all the parties of the victorious coalition (up to 1979)

1979: Birth of Natasha Yi, Korean-American supermodel

1980: Birth of Carrie Lam, Hong Kong actress

1981: In South Korea, General Chun Doo-hwan wins the legislative elections,_1981

1986 : Cory Aquino issues Proclamation No. 3 establishing a revolutionary government

1994: Cambodian rebels captured the former Khmer Rouge stronghold of Pailin and will become the capital of the non recognised Provisional Government of National Union and National Salvation of Cambodia

1997: Anti-Chinese Incidents in Pekalongan (Java). 60 shops are set on fire

2000: After five days in India, US president Bill Clinton makes a few hours stop over in Islamabad where he criticizes the Pakistan Policy

2002: Successful launch of « Shenzhou III Chinese spacecraft

2005: The USA announces that it will resume the delivery of F-16 warplanes to Pakistan as a reward for the contribution of Islamad in the fight against terrorism. Washington had stop the delivering since 1990 in retaliation against the Pakistan nuclear program

2007: Donald Tsang is reelected Chief of the Executive of Hong Kong with 649 (84 %) of the 800 Great Electors. Alan Leong, the first Democrat authorized to run, gets 123 votes,_2007

2009: Death of Kosuke Koyama, Japanese theologian, born on December 10, 1929

2009: In India, Sister Prema, whose name means love, is the new superior of the Sisters of Mother Teresa’s Missionaries of Charity

2010: Osama bin Laden has in a new audio recording threatened to kill any Americans that al-Qaeda takes prisoner if Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, considered as one of the masterminds behind the September 11 attacks, is executed

2012: An election committee of about 1,200 Hong Kong notables picks Beijing-loyalist Leung Chun-ying as the city’s next leader,_2012

2013: Last US-controlled prison handed over in Afghanistan. The transfer of Parwan Detention Facility to the Afghan government ends a bitter chapter in relations between the two countries


On 24 March in Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 24, 2019

1022: Coronation of Renzong, 4th emperor of the Song dynasty from 1022 to 1063

1103: Birth of the Southern Song dynasty national hero general Yuefei, wrongly put to death on January 27, 1142

1401: Mongol Timur (Tamerlan the Great) sacks Damascus

1563: Death of Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader, born in 1514

Hosokawa Harumoto

1603: Tokugawa Ieyasu is granted the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yozei, and establishes the Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo, Japan

1657: Birth of Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician who died on June 29, 1725

1775: Birth of Muthuswami Dikshitar, Indian poet and composer who died on October 21, 1835

Muthuswami Dikshitar

1839: Chinese troops move to stop the European opium, seizing 20,000 chests of the drug from British merchants in Guangzhou. The « Opium War » eventually will broke out,000+chests+of+the+drug+from+British+merchants&source=bl&ots=48jUjP8TrR&sig=ACfU3U2Y38oczQkkpdHi12E-_LhLKCUhQw&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiOlOSalJrhAhVb8uAKHbb1CnwQ6AEwAnoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=Chinese%20seizing%2020%2C000%20chests%20of%20the%20drug%20from%20British%20merchants&f=false

1860: Assassination of Japanese Chief Minister Li Naosuke

1885: During the Sino-French War, Chinese victory in the Battle of Bang Bo on the Tonkin-Guangxi border

1895: Japanese attack against Chinese Jiangsu province

1905: Birth of Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer, who died on January 15, 2007

Pura Santillan-Castrence

1914: During the Simla Conference (India, Tibet and Republic of China), the British representative McMahon proposes the border delineation between India and Tibet which will be called the McMahon Line. Signed on 3 July by Tibet but never recognized by China

1923: In India, the tax on salt is restored

1926: Death of Phan Chu Trinh, Vietnamese nationalist, born on September 9, 1872

1927: In the Nanjing Incident, foreign warships bombard Nanjing, China, in defense of the foreign citizens within the city

1934: Bao Dai, emperor of Vietnam, marries a Catholic South Vietnamese girl named Jeanette Nguyen-Huu-Hao, the later Empress Nam-Phuong’s-last-imperial-wedding

1934: The Tydings McDuffie Act, otherwise known as the Philippine Independence Act, is approved by the US Congress, providing for the independence of the Philippines from the United States by 1946

1935: First day of self governance for the Philippines

1938: During the second sino-japanese war, the Taierzhuang battle begins. It will end on April 7 by a Chinese victory

1938-03-24 Battle of Taierzhuang starts

1944: Birth of Han Myung-sook, South Korean Prime Minister since April 2006 to March 2007

1944: Maj. Gen. Orde Wingate, leader of the 77th Indian Brigade, also called the Chindits, dies in a transport plane crash. He was 41 years old

Charles Wingate

1946: The British Cabinet Mission, consisting of Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander, arrives in India to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership

1947 : Birth of Meiko Kaji, Japanese singer and actress

1949: Birth of Ranil Wickremasinghe, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

1952: Dudley Senanayake succeeds his father as Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Prime Minister up to octobre 1953

1955: In Cambodia, Prince Sihanouk forms his own political movement Sangkum Reastr Niyum (Popular Socialist Coordination)

1965: Birth of Gurmit Singh, Singaporean actor

1975: The North Vietnamese « Ho Chi Minh Campaign » begins. Despite the 1973 Paris Peace Accords cease fire, the fighting had continued between South Vietnamese forces and the North Vietnamese troops in South Vietnam

1974: Birth of Tado, Filipino comedian and actor who died in a bus accident on February 7, 2014

1975: Birth of  Krisdayanti, Indonesian singer, actress and diva

1977: After the resignation of Indira Gandhi, Morarji Desai is sworn in as Indian Prime Minister, up to July 1977


1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor

1982: In Bangladesh, General Ershad takes the power, deposes President Abdus Sattar  and proclaims the Martial Law

1983: Birth of  Kelvin Kwan, Hong Kong singer

1986: In the Philippines, the February 7, presidential election giving Ferdinand Marcos as the winner is nullified in favor of Corazon Aquino,_1986

1990: Indian troops leave Sri Lanka where they arrived in 1987 as peace keeping force

1990: Birth of Aljur Abrenica, Filipino actor

2004: Former Indonesia president Suharto tops of the most corrupted leaders by Transparency International

2004: In South Korea, Park Geun Hye, daughter of former general-president Pak Chung Hee (1962-1979), is elected president of the Grand National Party

Park Geun-hye

2006: Han Myung-sok, minister of Environment since 2003, is the first woman to become South Korean Prime Minister,-a-Christian-woman-now-prime-minister-5965.html

2008: Bhutanese vote in an historic poll that will change the country in a constitutional monarchy

2012: Death of Jose Prakash, Indian actor and singer, born on April 14, 1925

2013: Pakistan’s former president Pervez Musharraf returns home for the first time in more than four years in exile to take part in upcoming parliamentary elections

2015: The United States will keep its current level of 9,800 troops in Afghanistan through the end of the year, rather than reducing that number to 5,500 as planned, the White House said

On 23 March in Asian history

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 23, 2019

851: Death of Zhou Chi, Chinese historian and politician, born in 793

1022: Death of Emperor Zhenzong, the third emperor of the Song Dynasty of China since 997, born on December 23, 968

1336: Birth of Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan who died on March 12, 1374

1400: The Tran Dynasty of Vietnam is deposed after one hundred and seventy-five years of rule by General Ho Quy Ly

Ho Quy Ly

1548: Death of Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takedan Shingen

Itagaki Nobukata

1678: Rebelle general Wu Sangui declares himself emperor of the Great Zhou dynasty with Hengzhou (now Hengyan in Hunan) as his capital

Wu Sangui

 1757: During the Anglo-French war, British forces capture Chandernagore fort (in India) from the French

1757-03-23 Capture de Chandernagor par la Royal Navy

1855: Treaty of Peshawar signed, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia

1861: Birth of Kanzo Uchimura, Japanese writer and evangelist who died on March 28, 1930

1885: The Battle of Phu Lam Tao, a politically-significant engagement during the Sino-French War (August 1884-April 1885), in which a French Zouave battalion was defeated by a mixed force of Chinese soldiers and Black Flags

1889: The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India

1895: Birth of Encarnacion Alzona, Filipino historian, first Filipina to get a PH D, who died on March 13, 2001

1895: Japanese forces defeat the Chinese garrison of the Pescadores Island

1901: Filipino nationalist Emilio Aguinaldo is captured

1901-03-23 capture of Aguinaldo

1908: American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later

1910 : Birth of Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian nationalist and socialist leader, who died on October 12, 1967

1910: Birth of Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director who died on September, 6, 1998

1931: Bhagat Singh and Rajguru  Sukhdev, Indian freedom fighters, embrass the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused

1935: Approval of the constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines by the US president

1935 : Manchuko, the Japanese puppet state in northeastern China, purchases the Chinese Eastern Railway from the Soviet Union

1938: Birth of Chang Chun-hsiung, twice prime minister of Taiwan

1940: The Lahore Resolution (qarardad-e-Pakistan) or the then Qarandad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the annual general convention of the India Muslim League calling for a Muslim homeland

1940-03-23 Lahore Convention

1942: US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers

1942: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands

1945: Death of Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Japanese diplomat and General of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff, born on July 7, 1891 (somes sources say March 26)

1956: Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. General governor Iskander Mirza becomes president of the Republic

1956-03-23 Iskander Mirza président

1957: Carlos P. Garcia becomes president of the Philippines up to December 1961

1958: Elections for the Cambodian National Assembly. The Sangkom Reash Niyum of prince Norodom Sihanouk wins all 61 seats

1961: The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso refunds the Tibetan medical and astrology Institute at Dharamsala, India

1969: the Royal Lao Army launches a large attack (Cu Kiet Campaign) against the communists in the Plain of Jars/Xieng Khoang areas, supported by its own air units and the U.S. Air Force

1974: Chinese jetliner arrives in New York in what is described as first civilian flight from Chinese mainland to United States

1979: Birth of Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor

1979: Signature of an Amity treaty between Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam control all Indochina

1984: Japanese Premier Nakasone in China,  up to March 31

1984-03 Nakasone en Chine

1996: In Taiwan, despite Beijing military pressures, President Lee Teng-hui easily wins (54 % of the votes), the first ever presidential election with universal suffrage. Peng Ming-min of PPD 21 %, Lin Yang-kang 14 %,_1996

1997: First visit of the Dalai Lama to Taiwan. He stress the only religious meaning of this trip but is greeted by President Lee Teng-hui

1997: A grenade attack at a political rally in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, kills 10 people and wounds 101 others, including Cambodia’s leading opposition politician and an American

2000: Death of Antony Padiyara, Indian cardinal, born on February 11, 1921

2000: In Taiwan, President Lee Teng-hui resigns as president of the Kuomintang and provisionnally replaced by Lien Chan (up to September)

2003: Abdul Majid Dar, former commander of Hezb-ul-Mujahedeen, the main separatist in Indian Kashmir,who had proposed to dialogue with New Delhi is assassinated

2004: Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions, linked to the Communist Pary, holds its first conference in Hyderabad

2006: Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, bishop of Hong Kong is elevated cardinal

2007: Death of Mao Anqing, second son of Mao Zedong

2007: Nepal’s seven ruling political parties and the country’s former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war

2009: Police of China have arrested nearly 100 monks after what they describe as a riot by hundreds of Tibetans, according to state media

2009: Malaysia’s government imposes a ban on two main opposition newspapers, ahead of key political developments. Harakah and Suara Keadilan have been told they cannot publish for the next three months, with immediate effect

2013: Death of Onofre Corpuz, Filipino economist, historian, and academic, born on December 1, 1926

Onofre Corpuz

2014: Korean and Chinese presidents reaffirm opposition to North Korean nukes pledging to work closely together for peninsular denuclearization

2014: Hundreds of protesters opposed to a trade pact with China invade Taiwan’s cabinet offices, marking a sharp escalation in a student-led movement against the island’s rapidly developing ties with the communist mainland

2015: Death of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore’s first prime minister and architect of the tiny Southeast Asian city-state’s rapid rise from British tropical outpost to global trade and financial centre, aged 91

2017 : Tamil writer Ashokamitran passes away


Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Republic Day

On 22 March in Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 22, 2019

924: Birth of Dinh Bo Linh, the first emperor of Vietnam who died in 979

1212: Birth of Go-Horikawa, 86th Emperor of Japan (1221-1232) who died in August 1234

1185: Battle of Yashima, victory of the Minamoto on the Taira

1185-03-22 Yashima charge

1685: Death of Emperor Go-Sai of Japan, born on January 1, 1638

1692: Chinese emperor Kangxi issues a Royal Decree allowing Catholic missionaries in China freedom to preach

1739: After some of his Persian troops are killed in occupied Delhi, Nader Shah orders his soldiers to plunder the city. During the course of one day 20,000 to 30,000 Indians are killed by the Persian troops, forcing Mohammad Shah to beg for mercy and stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne

1784: In Thailand, the Esmeralda Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew

1811: Birth of Sakuma Shozan, Japanese politician and scholar, assassinated on August 12, 1864

1869: Birth of Emilio Aguinaldo, Filipino independence leader and first president of the Philippines who died on February 6, 1964

Andrés Bonifacio

1896: Birth of He Long, Chinese marshal, who died on June 8, 1969

1897: In the Philippines, by the Tejeros Convention, the Katipunan (KKK) rebellion establishes a government with Emilio Aguinaldo as president

1901: Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea

1907: Thousands of Indians living in South Africa follow the lead of Mohandas K. Gandhi engaging in a campaign of civil disobedience to protest their treatment by the government.

Gandhi 1905 Johanesburg

1907: Russians troops completed the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces

1913: Death of Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang after being mortally wounded at the Shanghai railway station two days before. He was 31

1915 : The Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammad Jamalul Kiram, signs an agreement with the US governor of the Department of Mindano and Sulu, Frank W. Carpenter, renouncing his sovereignty over the Sulu archipelago.

1916: The last Emperor of China, since December 12, 1915, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored

1929: Birth of P. Ramlee, Malaysian actor, singer and song writer, who died on May 27, 1973

1929: Birth of Yayoi Kusama, Japanese painter and scuptor

1940: Birth of Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian/American actor, who died on February 25, 1996

1942: Sir Stanford Cripps, British statesman, arrives in India for talks with Mohandas Gandhi on Indian independence, in what will become known as the Cripps Mission

1957: Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian

1962: Yun Bo-seon resigns as president of South Korea

1966: Birth of Song Kwang Sik, Korean singer

1966: Death of Chinese philosopher Ai Siqi, born in 1910

Ai Siqi

1967: In China, during the Cultural Revolution the People’s Liberation Army take the control of the plants and factories

1973: General Suharto, president of Indonesia, and only one candidate, is reelected for five years and will be reelected up to 1998

1974: The Viet Cong proposes a new truce with the U.S. and South Vietnam. The truce included general elections

1977: Death of A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader, born on October 1, 1904

1978: In Indonesia, General Suharto is reelected for a third term as President. He is the only one candidate

2005: Death of Gemini Ganesan, Tamil film star, born on November 17, 1920

2006: In the Philippines, beginning of the trial of former president Joseph Estrada charged to have illegally pocketed 77 million dollars during his tenure

2006-03-22 Estrada procès

2007: In Pakistan, the dismissal of the Supreme Judge Iftikar Muhammad Chaudry by General Musharraf causes important demonstrations by judges and members of the opposition

2007: Death of Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher, born on July 9, 1918

2008: Ma Ying-jeou is elected as the new president of Taiwan with 58 % of the votes

2008-03-22 1622 Ma élu président

2009: South Africa’s embassy in New Delhi has denies travel documents to Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, barring him from attending a peace conference in Johannesburg

2012: The UN Human Rights Council adopts a resolution urging Sri Lanka to investigate alleged abuses during the final phase of war with Tamil rebels.

2012: Top officials from the Communist Party of China (CPC) and Taiwan’s ruling Kuomintang (KMT) meet in Beijing for the first time since the KMT’s victory in the island’s leadership election in January

2013: 62 people are killed and 200 are injured after a fire destroys a camp containing Burmese refugees near Ban Mae, Thailand.

2014: The Maldives hold parliamentary elections on schedule despite worries about the ability of the resort island’s turmoil-hit elections commission to stage the ballot successfully

2014: Death of Yashwant Vithoba Chittal, Indian author, born on August 21, 1928

2014: Communist Party of the Philippines chairman Benito Tiamzon and his wife, the party’s secretary general Wilma Tiamzon, are arrested in a joint police and military operation
2014-03-22 Benito Tiamzon arrest

2015: Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena forms a national government incorporating the main opposition party in a bid to push through reforms and preserve political stability

2015: Sri Lanka’s new government confers for the firtst time the highest military rank of field marshal on retired army chief Sarath Fonseka, who had been jailed for alleged treason by the previous government

2018: Ex-South Korean president Lee Myung-bak arrested ‘for taking US$10.2 million in bribes while in office’

On 21 March in Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 21, 2019

927: Birth of Zhao Kuangyin who will be first Song dynasty Emperor from 960 to 976

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese feudal general, born in 1118, who established the first samourai-dominated administrative government in the history of Japan

1188: Accession to the throne of Japan  emperor Antoku

1851: Viêt-Nam emperor Tu Duc orders the killing of Christian priests

1857: An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000

1897 : Marcela Marcelo, the Woman General of the Philippine revolution dies in the Battle of Pasong Santol (Dasmariñas), Cavite.

1900: Birth of Sun Yu, Chinese director who died in July 1990

1913: Birth of Bismillah Khan, Indian shehnai player who died on August 21, 2006

1923: Birth of Sri Mataji Nirmala Srivasta, founder of Sahaja Yogav, who died on December 23, 2011

1925: After six months,  Syngman Rhee is removed from office after being impeached as the President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea

1934: A fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500

1934-03-21 Fire destroys Hakodate

1944: Birth of Hideki Ishima, Japanese guitarist

1945: 1st Japanese human flying bombs (Ohka) attack on US ships invading Okinawa

1947 : The Joint United States Military Advisory Group or JUSMAG, which played a key role in suppressing the Philippine Huk rebellion in the 1950s, is set up.

1954: Birth of General Prayut Chan o cha, prime minister of Thailand

1955: In Vietnam, the buddhist sects present President Ngo Dinh Diem an ultimatum demanding the formation of a National Union government

1956: In Laos, Prince Souvanna Phouma is named Prime Minister, putting an end to the political crisis and joins the neutralist faction

Souvanna Phouma

1959: Birth of Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer

1960: Birth of Benito de Leon, Filipino military officer

1967: North Vietnam rejects US president Johnson overture

1968: Birth of Shin Seung Hun, South Korean ballad singer

1968: In Indonesia, Suharto is officially elected President of the Republic

1972: Khmer Rouge shell Phnom Penh

1977: Indira Gandhi, Indian prime minister, resigns after she lost legislative election. End of a 21 month period of emergency while she ruled by decree,_1977

1977-03-21 Indira demissionne

1978: Birth of Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress

1980: President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow

1984: Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan

1985: In Bangladesh, General Ershad gets 94,14 % of yes in the referendum he has organized to legitimate his military regime. The opposition said the vote was rigged

Hussain Muhammad Ershad

1990: In China, Deng Xiaoping renounces his last official positions, chairman of the Central Military Commission

2000: Bill Clinton arrives to India. First visit of an US president since 22 years

2000-03-21 Clinton

2000: In Taiwan, the Legislative Yuan (National Assembly) authorizes direct links with China from the small islands of Kinmen, Matsu et Penghu

2001: Taliban finish to blow up two giant Buddha statues in Bamiyan, Afghanistan

2002: In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl

2003: Death of Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia, born in 1924

2003: Death of Shivani, Indian author, born on October 17, 1923

2004: General elections in Malaysia. The ruling coalition Barisan Nasional Le Front National wins 198 of the 219 seats, of which 109 for Umno,_2004

2006: In Laos, Choummaly Sayasone, 70, a retired general, replaces Khamtay Siphandone as leader of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party

Choummaly Sayasone 3

2009: Bangladesh says it will disband the country’s border force and raise a new paramilitary unit to replace it

2011: The ruling communist party of Laos reelects its incumbent leader to a new five-year term. The 9th Party Congress unanimously approved Choummaly Sayasone as secretary-general of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. He was first elected to the post in 2006

2012: China’s Justice Ministry issues a requirement that new lawyers and those reapplying for licenses swear an oath of loyalty to the Communist Party, another step in a campaign to rein in lawyers who continue to challenge the political and legal systems by which the party maintains power.

2013: The United Nations say it will for the first time establish a commission of inquiry into grave human rights violations in North Korea that may amount to crimes against humanity

2014: Thai court rules that general election is invalid. The vote was unconstitutional because it did not take place on the same day across the country

2015: The foreign ministers of South Korea, China and Japan gather in Seoul for their first meeting in nearly three years, aimed at calming regional tensions rooted in territorial and other diplomatic disputes.

2018: Maldives ex-leader Gayoom and eight others are charged with terrorism

2018: Myanmar’s President Htin Kyaw resigns ‘to take rest from duties’

On 20 March in Asian history



To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 20, 2019

673: Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka

1127: Jin troops summon the Song emperor Qinzong and his father Huizong, two captured emperors, to their camps on a directive from Taizong. Beginning of weeks of looting, rapes, arson and execution of prisoners of war and civilians

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, famous Japanese general, born in 1118

1351: Death of Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi since 1324. Born in 1290

1602: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established

1736: Birth of Chao Phraya Chakri who founded the current Chakri dynasty in Thailand in April 1782 (Rama I) and died in September 1809

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi and sacks the city, stealing the jewel of the Peacock Throne. 30,000 civilians are killed’s_invasion_of_Mughal_India

1833: US and Siam sign a treaty of amity and commerce,_1833

1865: Death of Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai, born in 1833

1881: Birth of Chinese scholar Zhang Shizhao

Zhang Shizhao

1900: US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an ‘open door’ policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.

1902: France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea

1902-01-30 Anglo-Japanese alliance

1913: Song Jiaoren (Sung Chiao-jen), a founder of the Kuomintang is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies two days later

1923: Birth of Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani author, Journalist and political activist who died on December 18, 2006

1926: Chiang Kaishek (Jiang Jieshi), then head of the KMT military, launches a coup to take over power in the Guomindang. In the process, he ousted many communists who had been a part of the Guomindang-Communist alliance

1935: Death of Hayami Gyoshu, Japanese painter, born on August 2, 1894

1942: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: « I came out of Bataan and I shall return »

1945: The British, with the 19th Indian Division retake Mandalay in Burma

1945-03-20 Prise de Mandalay

1946: Death of Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), born on February 28, 1911

1951: Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java

1952: The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with restoring of sovereignty for Japan

1956: Indonesian Assembly (DPR) convenes. PNI-Masyumi-NU coalition forms government. Ali Sastroamidjojo is Prime Minister

1965: That day, and later in April, fighting broke out between India and Pakistan. Beginning of the Second Indo-Pakistani war with first large scale offensive on August 5

1966: Birth of Alka Yagnik, Indian singer

1969: US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970

1973: Birth of Jung Woo-sung, Korean actor

1977: The Indian Congress Party of Indira Gandhi loses the general elections against the newly founded Janata Party. Morarji Desai is charged to form a new government

1980: Birth of Ock Ju-Hyun, South Korean singer

1987: Birth of Kangana Ranaut, Indian actress

1990: Ferdinand Marcos’s widows, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement and racketing

1990: Birth of Joaquin Maria Gutierrez, Filipino violinist

1991: Khaleda Zia first women to become PM in Bangladesh up to March 1996

1991-03-20 Khaleda Zia PM

1995: A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway kills 12 and wounds 1,300 persons

2004: Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian is reelected with less than 30,000 votes (50,11 %) more than Lien Chan (49,89 %)


2008: Death of Shoban Babu, Indian actor


2009: China’s president Hu Jintao urges North Korea to restart stalled negotiations on dismantling its nuclear program saying he hopes all sides would work to « resolve their differences »

2010: Girija Prasad Koirala, the former Nepalese prime minister who brokered the peace deal that ended a bloody 10-year civil war, died at age 85

2013: Bangladesh President Zillur Rahman, a veteran ruling party politician named to the largely ceremonial post in 2009, dies in a Singapore hospital

2013: The United States has violated Pakistan’s sovereignty and destroyed tribal structures with unmanned aerial drone strikes in its counterterrorism near the Afghan border, a UN human rights investigator says

2014: Death of Khushwant Singh, Indian writer who won fame for a book on partition of the subcontinent as well as his once-daring descriptions of sex,

2017 : East Timor holds first presidential election since UN peacekeepers left


Holidays and observances

Japan: Shunbun no Hi, a national holiday

On 19 March in Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 19, 2019

1206: Birth of Güyük Khan, Mongol ruler, 3rd Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, who died on April 20, 1248

1279: In China, a Mongol victory in the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song dynasty. In the battle, Chinese Emperor Bing is drown

1434: Birth of Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, 7th shogun (1442-1443) of the Ashikaga Shogunate, who died in a riding accident in August 1443

1571: Spanish troops occupy Manila

1610: Death of Hasegawa Tohaku, Japanese painter, born in 1539

Hasegawa Tohaku

1723 : Birth of Josefa Gabriela Silang, the first Filipino woman to lead a revolt during the Spanish colonization of the Philippines, hanged on September 29, 1763

Josefa Gabriela Silang

1853: In China, the Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864

1858: Birth of Kang Youwei, Chinese political thinker who, with the support of Emperor Guangxu, tried to modernize the Chinese monarchy but blocked par Empress Ci Xi and who died on March 31, 1927

1875: Birth of Zhang Zuolin, warlord of Manchuria, murdured by the Japanese on June 4, 1928

1914: Birth of Jiang Qing, last wife of Mao Zedong, who committed suicide on May 14, 1991

1919: Birth of general Sein Win, seventh Premier of Burma (1974-1977) who died on March 29, 1977

1945: World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power

1947: The Nationalists troops of Chiang Kai-shek capture Yan’an (Yenan), the communist capital of Mao Zedong

1949: The Light Cruiser Chongqing (ex HMS Aurora) who joined the communist forces is bombed by the Guomindang planes in Yantai (Shandong) and will sink on March 21

1949-03-19 Chongqing cruise

1955: Birth of Simon Yam, Hong Kong actor

1955: Ichiro Hatoyama is elected Japan Prime Minister and forms a Liberal government

1960: General elections in Sri Lanka after PM Bandaranaike was shot by a Buddhist monk, won by the United National Party

1964: Birth of Yoko Kanno, Japanese composer

1965: Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies

1966: The South Korean Assembly votes to send 20,000 additional troops to Vietnam to join the 21,000 Republic of Korea (ROK) forces already serving in the war zone

1967: Birth of Jia Hongsheng, Chinese actor, who commited suicide on July 5, 2010

1970: In Cambodia, the National Assembly grants « full power » to Premier Lon Nol, declares a state of emergency, and suspends four articles of the constitution, permitting arbitrary arrest and banning public assembly

1972: India and Bangladesh sign a friendship treaty

1973: Opening at La celle-Saint-Cloud (France) of long negotiations between the Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) of the Vietcong and a delegation of the Saigon government

1975: Birth of Vivian Hsu (Hsu Shu-juan), Taiwanese actress, model and singer

1981: Birth of Kim Rae Won, South Korean actor and model

1998: Death of E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Indian Communist politician, former Chief Minister of Kerala, born on June 13, 1909

 1998: In Cambodia, Ousted Prime Minister Norodom Ranariddh, is condemned in absentia at thirty years in prison, accused of having fomented a coup d’état with the Khmer Rouge in July 1997

1998: In India, the nationalist BJP Atal Bihari Vajpayee sworn in as new PM

2000: Death of Li Huanzhi, Chinese composer, born on January 2, 1919

2000: Death of Shafiq-ur-Rehman (humorist), Pakistani humorist and writer, born on November 9, 1920

2004: Taiwanese President Chen Shuibian and vice-president Annette Lu are lightly wounded in an pistol attack, the day before new presidential elections

2008: Death of Raghuvaran, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam actor, born on December 11, 1948

2011: Thailand’s prime minister Abhisit Vejjajiva survives a no-confidence vote in a censure motion marked by allegations of corruption, mismanagement and conflicts of interest

2012: An international judge resigns from the UN-backed Khmer Rouge war crimes tribunal, citing political interference by Cambodia’s government after he tried to investigate more suspects. Judge Laurent Kasper-Ansermet, the Swiss co-investigator, whose predecessor Siegfried Blunk quit for similar reasons, said he had been constantly undermined by his Cambodian counterpart, You Bunleng.

2014: In what will be called The Sunflower Movement, hundreds of students and activists opposed to a trade deal with China occupy Taiwan’s parliament and defied police efforts to evict them

2015: Japan and China held security talks after a four-year hiatus because of simmering territorial tensions with the two sides agreeing to hold meetings « more frequently » to speed up a thaw in once-frozen relations, officials

2015: Cambodian MPs approve two controversial election laws which were condemned by rights groups as undemocratic for including restrictive provisions such as banning NGOs from criticising parties during election campaigns

On 18 March in Asian history

1970-03-18 Lon Nol coup


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 18, 2019

1184: In Japan, victory of Minamoto on Taira in the battle of Ichi-no-Tani

1184-03-18 Battle Ichi no Tani

1241: Krakow is ravaged by Mongols

1871: Death of Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician, born on June 27 1806

1893: Birth of Pai Chung-hsi (Bai Chongxi), Chinese Muslim general, who died on December 1, 1966

1900: Japan uses its influence over the government of Korea to deny Russia’s efforts to obtain a concession for a naval station at the Korean Port of Masampo, a step in the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war

1914: White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China

1918: Birth of Lin Haiyin, Taiwanese writer who died on December 1, 2001

Lin Haiyin

1921: Steamer « Hong Koh » runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000

1922: In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience. He would serve only 2 years–Gandhi-Imprisoned-for-Civil-Disobedience-.html

 1922-03-18 Gandhi condamné

1923: Mathrubhumi, one of the largest Malayalam daily started to publish from Kozhikode in Kerala

1926: Birth of Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri, Indian poet

1928: Birth of Julia Mullock, American born Princess of Korea who died on 26 November 2017

1928: Birth of Fidel Ramos, president of the Philippines from June 1992 to June 1998

Fidel Ramos 2009

1938: Birth of Shashi Kapoor, Indian actor

1945: Birth of Hiroh Kikai, Japanese photographer

1946: After the agreement between French delegate Sainteny and Ho Chi Minh, General Leclerc enters in Hanoi

1950: In a surprise raid on the communist People’s Republic of China (PRC), military forces of the Nationalist Chinese government on Taiwan invade the mainland and capture the town of Sungmen

1950: Birth of Eiji Okuda, Japanese actor and film director

1953: Birth of Takashi Yoshimatsu, Japanese composer

Takashi Yoshimatsu

1955: Prime minister Ichiro Hatoyama is re-elected by Diet vote, defeating the socialist Mosaburo Suzuki in this election

1962: Birth of Etsushi Toyokawa, Japanese actor

1966: In Indonesia, General Suharto forms his first government as president

1968: Killing of Moro soldiers by members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, known as the Corregidor Massacre

1969: Beginning of Operation Menu, heavy US bombing on Cambodia

1969-03-18 Opération Menu

1970: In Cambodia, coup d’état by rightist factions led by prince Sirik Matak and general Lon Nol with US support. Beginning of Lon Nol’s military regime. Sihanouk flees to China

1970-03-18 Lon Nol coup

1974: Former Cambodian capital Oudong is captured by the Khmer Rouge. The 20,000 inhabitants are killed or deported

1977: US restricts citizens from visiting Vietnam, North Korea & Cambodia

1978: Birth of Juris Fernandez, Filipino singer

1978: Pakistan former Prime Minister Ali Bhutto is sentenced to death

1981: Birth of Jang Nara, Korean singer and actress

1998: Prince Norodom Ranariddh, co-Premier minister, ousted the prior year by Hun Sen, is sentenced in absentia to 30 years in prison for plot

2000: In the second ever direct elections for President and Vice President of the Republic of China on Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian and Annette Lu of the Democratic Progressive Party are elected president and vice president, respectively. This puts an end to more than half a century of Kuomintang rule on Taiwan,_2000

Chen Shui-bian président

2001: India gets a one billion population

2001: In Afghanistan, the mullah Mohammad Omar, leader of the Taliban order the destruction of all the Buddha statues

2002: U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities

2008: Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah unveils his new cabinet

2012: East Timor’s President Jose Ramos-Horta fails to make the run-off in the country’s presidential election. The second-round vote will see Francisco Guterres face off against Taur Matan Ruak

2014: Cambodian Prince Ranariddh forms new political party

2015: Taiwan protesters mark the first anniversary of the student-led « Sunflower Movement », which saw the occupation of parliament for more than three weeks over a trade pact with China.

2015: Japan’s ruling parties reach broad agreement that paves the way for the most drastic change in the nation’s security policy in six decades and sets the stage to update guidelines for defence cooperation with Washington.

2016: Representatives of the US and the Philippines reach a deal on five locations for US troops on the island country. The move comes as tensions with Beijing rise over territorial disputes in the South China Sea

2016: Chinese journalist Jia Jia goes missing after letter critical of the president

2018: Death of Taiwan’s famous writer and political commentator Li Ao at the age of 83

On 17 March in Asian history


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 17, 2019

1001: Kiling, the Rajah of Butuan in the island of Mindanao (Philippines) sends a tributary mission to the Song Dynasty of China

1231: Birth of the 87th Japanese emperor Shijo in 1232, who died in an accident on February 10, 1242

1272: Death of Go-Saga, the 88th emperor of Japan (1232-1246), born on April, 1, 1220

1425: Death of Ashikaga Yoshikazu, 5th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate from 1423 to 1425

1537: Birth of Toyotomi Hideyoshi one of the great unifiers of Japan, who died on 18 September 1598

1798: The Dutch East India Company is dissolved

1824: British and Dutch sign Treaty of London and divide the Indies between themselves. The Dutch claim Sumatra, Java, Maluku, Irian Jaya, and so on. The British claim Malaya and Singapore, and retain an interest in North Borneo. Aceh is supposed to remain independent

1864: Birth of Joseph Baptista, Indian Home Rule Movement founder who died in 1930

1890: Anglo-Chinese convention of Calcutta (Kolkata), which established the Tibetan renunciation of suzerainty over Sikkim, and delimited the border between Tibet and Sikkim

1894: USA & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering USA

1907: Birth of Takeo Miki, 66th Japanese premier (1974-1976), who died on November 4, 1988

1919: China’s first batch of work-study students in France leave Shanghai to France. Among them, the next year, will be Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping

Deng à 16 ans

 1920: Birth of Sheik Mujibur Rahman, father of Bangladesh independence (1971) assassinated on August 15, 1975

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 3

1939: The Battle of Nanchang, between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out

1939-03-17 Nanchang battle starts

1941: Birth of Wang Jin-pyng, Taiwanese KMT politician

1942: General MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander of Allied forces in the southwest Pacific theater during World War II

1946: Death of Dai Li, Chinese Chiang Kai-shek head of secret police, born on May 17, 1897

1953: Birth of Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary, assassinated on February 6, 2001

1957: Death of the Philippines president Ramon Magsaysay in an airplane crash

1959: Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, flees Lhasa to India,33009,864579-1,00.html

1963: Mount Agung erupts on Bali (Indonesia). 11,000 dead

1963: Birth of Alex Fong Chung-Sun, Hong Kong actor

1964: The U.S. pledges « to furnish assistance and support to South Vietnam for as long as it is required to bring Communist aggression and terrorism under control. »

1968: Anti-Vietnam war demonstration turns violent in London

1970: My Lai massacre in March 1968: The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the incident

1973: Birth of Rico Blanco, Filipino singer

1973: Captain So Potra, a Cambodian Air force officer robs an airplane and bombs the palace of president Lon Nol. Around 20 are killed

1975: Birth of Puneet Rajkumar, Indian (Kannada) actor, singer and director

1979: Birth of Sharman Joshi, Indian actor

1980: Death of Prince Boun Oum, twice Laos’ prime minister: 1948-1950 and 1960-1962

1998: Zhu Rongji  is elected Chinese prime minister by the National Congress, up to March 2003

1999: In Indonesia, beginning of riots in West-Kalimantan against Madura migrants. More than 250 will be killed

Bornéo Dayaks 1

2002: Death of Van Tien Dung, Vietnamese general and politician, born on May 2, 1917

2003: Death of Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator, born on September 23, 1902

2008: Violence spills over Tibet into neighboring provinces

2009: Seven sharia (Islamic law) courts open in Pakistan’s northwest Swat Valley region as part of a peace agreement signed between tribal leaders and the government last month

2012: East Timor votes in the country’s second presidential election as a free nation, as UN forces prepare to leave

2015: Pakistan hang 12 male convicts, the largest number of people executed on the same day since an unofficial moratorium on capital punishment was lifted in December

2016: China resumes ties with former Taiwan ally Gambia, ending an unofficial diplomatic truce between China and Taiwan following January’s landslide election of the leader of a pro-independence party as the self-ruled island’s president

2017 : China and Russia block a proposed UN Security Council statement that would have expressed concern over the tense situation in Myanmar’s Rakhine state

2018: Xi Jinping gets second presidential term, with ally Wang Qishan as vice-president

2018: U.S. president signs Taiwan Travel Act despite warnings from China

2018: Vietnam’s reformist ex-PM Phan Van Khai dies at age 84


Holidays and observances

Children’s Day (Bangladesh)

Thailand: National Muay Thai Day

On 16 March in Asian history

1968-03-16 My Lai massacre


To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 16, 2019

934: Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor and establishes Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang

1399: Birth of Xuande Emperor of China who died on January 31, 1435

1521: Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines 

1527: The Emperor Babur defeated the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha in India

1792: Tippoo Sahib, the sultan of Mysore, surrenders to British forces in India on this date, ending his campaign against colonial rule. A treaty will be signed at Seringapatam on March 18

1800: Birth of Ninko, the 120th Japanese emperor (1817-1846) who died in February 1846

1886: Birth of Kim Tu-bong, founder of the Worker Party of North Korean on August 28, 1946

1901: Birth of Potti Sriramulu, Indian revolutionary, who died of fasting on December 16, 1952

Potti Sriramulu

1908: China released the Japanese steamship Tatsu Maru——-10–1—-0–

1940 : Birth of Sreekumaran Thampi, Malayalam lyricist and filmmaker

1942: Birth of James Soong, Taiwanese politician

1943: Birth of Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor who died on April 16, 2006

1945: Pacific War, Allies declare Iwo Jima secured

1947: Birth of Baek Yoon-sik, South Korean actor

1961: Death of Chen Geng, Chinese military leader, born on February 27, 1903

1961: Birth of Michiru Oshima, Japanese composer

1968: In South Vietnam, massacre of My Lai. 504 civilians including 182 women and 173 children are killed by an US platoon
1968-03-16 My Lai massacre

1968: Birth of Ananya Khare, Indian actress and teacher

1975: In Vietnam War, South Vietnamese troops withdrawal from Pleiku and Kontum begins, as thousands of civilians join the soldiers streaming down Route 7B toward the sea

1975-03-16 Central_Highlands_Evacuation

1977: In India, Indira Gandhi loses the elections,_1977

1979: The last Chinese troops leave Vietnam after a month-long war

1993: Chishu Ryu, Japanese actor (Autumn Afternoon), dies of cancer at 86

1996: US Congress approved the sale of weapons to Taiwan

1999: The first bus line between Delhi and Lahore is opened

2003: Wen Jiabao replaces Zhu Rongji as Chinese Prime Minister

Wen Jiabao 2003-03-16

2009: Pakistan’s government announces the reinstatement of Iftikhar Chaudhry, the deposed chief justice, in a bid to defuse the country’s political crisis and end a protest march that was threatening to turn into a violent confrontation

2009: Direct cruise ship lines open as cross-strait relations between China and Taiwan

2010: Sri Lanka’s ex-army chief Sarath Fonseka appears before a military court on charges of participating in politics while in uniform

2011: Japanese Emperor Akihito makes an unprecedented televised address to his disaster-stricken nation, saying he was « deeply worried » by the crisis at damaged nuclear reactors and urging people to help each other in difficult times

2012: Death of Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, philosopher, and critic, born on November 25, 1924

2015: The eldest daughter of Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim, Nurul Izzah, is arrested for sedition after reading out in parliament parts of a speech by her father criticising his recent jailing