On 23 October in Asian history



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Updated on October 23, 2017

930: Death of Daigo, 60th Japanese emperor (897-930),  born in January 885. Not confuse with Go-Daigo, the 96th emperor (1336-1339)

1857: Birth of Juan Luna y Novicio, a « Ilocano people » painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution, who died on December 7, 1899

Luna y novicio

1868: In Japan, by a decree, the Meiji era is set up. The emperor Mutsuhito recovers full power from the shogun

Mutsuhito 2

1905: Birth of Yen Chia-kan,who succeeded Chiang Kai-shek as President of the Republic of China upon Chiang’s death on April 5,  1975, up to May 20, 1978, and who died on December 24, 1993

1910: Death of Chulalongkorn (Rama V), king of Siam (Thailand) since 1868 to 1910, born on September 20, 1853. He is succeeded by Vajiravudh

1920: Birth of Ted Fujita, Japanese meteorologist, who died on November
19, 1998

1923: Birth of Aslam Farrukhi, Pakistani scholar and poet

1924: Birth of Chi Hsin, Taiwan film director

1924: Feng Yuxiang launched the Beijing coup to overthrow Cao Kun government

1924-10-23 Coup de Pékin

1929: Birth of Shamsur Rahman, Bangladeshi poet, columnist and journalist,.who died on August 17, 2006

1939: The Japanese Mitsubishi G4M twin-engine « Betty » Bomber makes its maiden flight

1942: The Battle for Henderson Field begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on October 26

1944: The Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history begins in the

1950: Offensive of the Indonesian troops on Ambon, capital of the South Mollucas held by separatists

1954: Birth of Ang Lee, Taiwanese film director

1955: In South Vietnam, by a referendum organized by the PM Ngo Dinh Diem, monarchy is abolished by 98,2 % of the votes,_1955

1955: Birth of Ryoko Sakaguchi, Japanese actress who died on March 27, 2013

1958: After the visit of Foster Dulles (arrived on 20), Chiang Kai-shek officially renounces the use  of force for the reconquest of the Mainland

1965: In Vietnam, the 1st Cavalry division (US) and South Vietnamese  forces launch a new operation seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in  Pleku province

1966: Chinese president Liu Shaoqi makes his first self-criticism

1966-10-23 liu shaoqi autocritique

1972: Citing difficulties with South Vietnamese President Thieu, U.S. negotiators cable  Hanoi requesting further negotiations in Paris over the proposed draft peace accord

1972: Operation Linebacker, a US bombing campaign against North Vietnam in response to its  Easter Offensive, ends after five months.

1973: Birth of Vivian Bang, South Korean actress

1978: China (Deng Xiaoping) and Japan (Takeo Fukada) exchange treaty ratification documents in  Tokyo, formally ending 40 years of hostility


1978-10-23 Traité de paix

1981: Birth of Lee Ki-woo, South Korean actor

1981: Devan Nair becomes third president of Singapore, until March 27, 1985

1983: Birth of Sayaka Isoyama, Japanese actress

1991: Birth of Princess Mako, daughter of Prince Akishino and granddaughter of emperor Akihito of Japan

1991: End of the Paris Conference and signature of Agreements on Comprehensive Political  Settlement of the Cambodia conflict, putting an end to a 21-year long war


1992: Emperor Akihito becomes the first emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil

1996: The forces of Commandant Massoud, launch a large scale offensive against Taliban in northern of Kabul

2003: In New York, death of Soong Mei-ling, widow of Chiang Kai-sheik, at 105 years old

2004: A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing  35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated

2007: Death of Lim Goh Tong, Malaysian-born Chinese businessman, born in 1918

2008: Hu Jia, one of China’s most prominent human rights activists, wins the European Parliament’s prestigious Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

2009: Southeast Asian leaders meeting in Thailand formally launch a widely criticized human rights commission at a regional summit. The Asean Intergovernmental Commission on  Human Rights has been touted as the region’s first watchdog on human rights

2011: US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta and his Indonesian counterpart discuss the two countries’ growing military ties after more than a decade-long suspension by Washington over human rights issues

2012: Japan’s justice minister quits after calls for his resignation over past ties to an organized crime syndicate.

2012: Death of Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet, born on September 7, 1934

2012: A group of South Korean lawmakers visits an isolated set of islands at the centre of a territorial dispute with Japan — prompting an immediate protest from Tokyo

2013: China and India sign a deal aimed at soothing tension on their contested border, as the two countries try to break a decades-old stalemate on overlapping claims to remote stretches of the Himalayas.

2013: Thousands of Cambodian opposition supporters begin a three-day rally to protest what they say was a rigged election and the illegitimate return to power of Prime Minister Hun Sen.

2014: Bangladesh Islamist leader Ghulam Azam dies aged 91. Last year Azam was sentenced to 90 years in jail after being found guilty of charges relating to Bangladesh’s 1971 war of independence with Pakistan

Holidays and Observances

Chulalongkorn Memorial Day in Thailand


On 22 October in Asian history



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Updated on October 22, 2017

794: Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (Kyoto)

Emperor Kammu 2

1197: Birth of Juntoku, 84th emperor of Japan (1210-1221), who died on October 7, 1242

1331: Kogon, first emperor to occupy the Northern Court of Japan, is enthroned

1335: Ex-emperor Hanazono becomes a Zen priest

1625: Death of Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician, born in 1561

1633: In the Battle of Liaoluo Bay, the Ming dynasty defeats the Dutch East India Company

1633-10-22 battle of liaoluo bay

1873: Birth of Rama Tirtha, Indian philosopher and educator who died on October 1927, 1906

1894: Birth of Mei Lanfang, Chinese opera performer, who died on August 8, 1961

1900: Birth of Ashfaqulla Khan, Indian Revolutionary, hanged on December 19, 1927

1913: Birth of Bao Dai, king of Annam emperor of Vietnam from 1926 until 1945 and as emperor of Vietnam from 1945 until 1949, who died on July 30, 1997

1928: As Chiang Kai-shek is engaged in fighting the communists, China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants

1939: Birth of Susumu Kurobe, Japanese actor

1945: Nahdlatul Ulama proclaims that a state of jihad exists against the Dutch, making participation obligatory for Muslims

1946: Birth of Yuko Maruyama, Japanese actress

1947 : Start of the first indo-Pakistan wars over Kashmir


1953: Laos gains independence from France, except defense matters, by the Franco-Lao Treaty of Amity and Association

1954: Death of Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet, born on February 17, 1899,_Jibanananda

1957: Vietnam war first United States casualties in Vietnam

1964: Death of Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Pakistan’s Governor-General (1948-1951) then Prime Minister (1951-1953), born on July 19, 1894

1969 : Birth of Lee Seung-shin, Korean actress

1970: Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns from Prime Minister of Malaysia

1972: Henry Kissinger proposes to Nguen Van Thieu a cease-fire, but the Vietnamese president rejects it as a treason

1980: In South Korea, in a referendum, 92 % of the voters approve a new constitution that includes the dissolution of the national assembly and of all the political parties

1981: Founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organization faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh

1984: Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, accuses «foreign powers» to help Sikh activists in Punjab

1985: Death of Chinese general Xu Shiyou, born in 1905

1986: Death of Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician

1988: Birth of Matt Evans, Filipino actor

1989: In Cambodia, Khmer Rouge occupy Pailin

1998: Pakistan’s carpet weaving industry announced that they would begin to phase out child labor

1998: Indian actor Ajit Khan dies from a cardiac arrest

1999: China ends its first-ever human rights conference in which it defied western definitions of civil liberties

2005: Death of Yon Hyong-muk, North Korea’s Prime Minister (1989-1992)

2006: Death of Choi Kyu-ha, Prime Minister, then president of South Korea (1979-1980), born on July 16, 1919

2006: Death of Indian film director Manoj Punj


2007: Raid on Anuradhapura Air Force Base, is carried out by 21 Tamil Tiger commandos, all except one died in this attack, 8 Sri Lankan Air Force planes are destroyed and 10 damaged

2008: India launches its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1

2009: Nearly 6,000 Tamil refugees are released from Sri Lanka’s main camp for war-displaced people, officials say

2013: The Sultan of Brunei introduces a new code of sharia law which could see stonings introduced for adultery, amputations for thefts and public flogging for drinking alcohol.

2013: The Chinese government issues a white paper on west China’s Tibet Autonomous Region, detailing its comprehensive development and rapid progress in the past 60-odd years.

2013: Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi finally receives the EU’s Sakharov rights prize she won in 1990 at the height of a brutal military crackdown, but said her work was not yet done

2013-10-22 Aung-San-Suu-Kyi Sakharov

2014: South Korea dismantles a Christmas tree-shaped tower near the border with North Korea which had previously been used for a seasonal lights show that drew angry protests from the atheist regime in Pyongyang

On 21 October in Asian history


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Updated on October 21, 2017

1328: Birth of Zhu Yuanzhang (Hongwu) Founder of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1398) who died on June 24, 1398

1392: End of the reign of Go-Kameyama, born in 1347, 99th emperor of Japan (1383-1392) who will died on May 10, 1424

1500: Death of Go-Tsuchimikado 103th emperor of Japan (1464-1500), born on July 3, 1442

1600: Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate, who in effect rule Japan until the mid-nineteenth century. The last shogunate of Japan

1600: Death of Toda Katsushige, Japanese warlord, born in 1557

1627: Death of Frederick de Houman, Dutch explorer who reached Aceh

1675: Death of Emperor Higashiyama of Japan who died on January 16, 1710

1708: Death of Guru Gobind Singh, Indian 10th Sikh gurus, born on December 31, 1666

1727: Sino-Russian accord of Kyakhta to correct boundaries

1816: The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia

1881: Ito Hirobumi is appointed to chair a government bureau in charge to write a constitution for Japan which will go into effect in 1890

1894: Birth of Rampo Edogawa, Japanese author and critic, who died on July 28, 1965

Rampo Edogawa

1895: Japanese forces invading Taiwan take Tainan, capital of the short-lived Republic of Formosa

1920: Beginning of the Battle of Changshanli, between Japanese and Korean, until 26

1931: Birth of Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor, who died August 14, 2011

1931: The Sakurakai, a secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army, launches an abortive coup d’état attempt

1938: The Japanese troops take Canton (Guangzhou), in China

1938-10-21 Canton burning
1943: Birth of Tariq Ali, Pakistani writer and film-maker

1943: The Provisional Government of Free India is formally declared by Subhas Chandra Bose


1944: In the first kamikaze attack, HMAS Australia is hit by a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kg (441 pound) bomb off Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began

1950:Heavy fighting begins between British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade and the North Korean 239th Regiment during the Battle of Yongju

1959: Border incident in Ladakh (Kashmir) between Chinese and Indian troops

1959: Birth of Ken Watanabe, Japanese actor

1959: The United Nations General Assembly adopts the resolution 1353-XIV in which it expresses its deep concern for the situation in Tibet

1965: Birth of Hisashi Imai, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist

1967: 100,000 demonstrators marched in Washington, DC, in opposition to the Vietnam War

1970: Birth of Louis Koo, Hong Kong actor

1970: Japan publishes its first White Paper on defense

1972: North Vietnam president Phan Van Dong says he is ready to accept a cease-fire as a first step towards a settlement to the Vietnam war

1971: Death of Naoya Shiga, Japanese novelist, born on February 20, 1883

1972: Bilateral negotiations between China and Soviet Union resume at Moscow

1987: Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 70 ethnic Tamil patients, Doctors & Nurses

1987: Death of Republic of China general Ho Ying-chin

1988: Former Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos and his wife, Imelda, are indicted in New York on fraud and racketeering charges. Marcos died before his trial and Imelda was acquitted in 1990

1990: Death of Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian spiritual leader, born on May 21,  1921

1994: North Korea and the United States sign an agreement that requires North Korea to stop its nuclear weapons program and agree to inspections, putting an end to the first nuclear crisis

2002: North Korea says that the 1994 nuclear agreement with the United States is void following a U.S. decision to suspend deliveries of fuel oil

2003: North Korea rejected U.S. President Bush’s offer of a written pledge not to attack in exchange for the communist nation agreeing to end its nuclear weapons program

2007: End of the XVIIth Chinese communist Party congress

2007 XVIIe congrès

2008: India and Pakistan open a historic trade link across divided Kashmir for the first time in six decades. The route represents an attempt to solve the long-running dispute over the region by creating « soft borders » allowing the free movement of goods and people

2008: Thailand’s former prime minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, is found guilty of corruption after helping his wife buy a plot of government land in Bangkok at a reduced price

2010: In Manmar, the new national flag has been flying at government buildings and NGO offices across the country from 3 p.m

2010: Death of A. Ayyappan, Indian poet, born on October 27,1949

2011: US and N Korea reach deal over missing troops

2012: One of India’s most influential film-makers, Yash Chopra, dies from dengue fever in Mumbai, aged 80.

On 20 October in Asian history

1935 MaoTseTung-LongMarch


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Updated on October 20, 2017

1603: Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

1868: In Japan, Beginning of the Battle of Hakodate between samurai, helped by French advisors, and the imperial army

1884: Birth of Don Stephen Senanayake, first PM of Ceylon (1947-1952) who died on March 22, 1952

1887: Birth of Prince Yasuhiko Asaka, Japanese founder of a collateral branch of the Japanese imperial family, who died on April 12, 1981

1897: Birth of Yi Un, husband of the last Korean crown Princess Euimin (Yi Bangja), who died on May 1, 1970

1906: Death of Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born on 29 April 1848

1909: Birth of Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter, who died on October 20, 1993 (see also below)

1910: Birth of Chen Liting, Chinese director and playwright who died on August 27, 2013

1927: Birth of Gunturu Seshendra Sarma, Indian poet who died on May 30, 2007

1928: Birth of Li Peng, Chinese prime minister (1987-1998), nicknamed “the butcher of Tian’anmen”

Li Peng 4X5

1934: Birth of Empress Michiko, wife of the reigning Japan’s emperor Akihito

1935: In China, end of the Long March. Mao Zedong arrives to Yenan

1935 MaoTseTung-LongMarch

1944: General Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands, stepping ashore at Leyte, 2 1/2 years after he’d said, « I shall return.”

1944: Birth of Nalin de Silva, Sri Lankan theoretical physicist, philosopher and a political analyst

1945: In a plebiscite reportedly unanimous, Outer Mongolia declared its independence, later accepted by China

1949: Official end of the Second Eastern Turkestan Republic existing in three districts of Xinjiang since November 12, 1944

1951: Opening of talks between Japan and South Korea to solve after World War II disputes

1958: In Thailand, a second coup d’état by army chief Sarit Thanarat takes place, allegedly because of the government failed to solve economic problems

1962: China launches an offensive again India positions in NEFA and Laddakh up to November 22

1962: Birth of Dave Wong, Hong Kong/Taiwanese singer-songwriter

1962: Vong Savang, the son of the king of Laos Savang Vatthana is named crown Prince

1964: Relations between South Vietnam, the United States, and Cambodia strongly deteriorate

1967: Death of Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese Prime Minister (1946-1954), born on September 22, 1878

1967: Birth of Marco Ngai, Hong Kong actor

1967: Thousands of demonstrators in Oakland, California, hold the biggest protest yet against the Vietnam war

1969: The Sino-Soviet border negotiations resume in Beijing

1971: Second secret trip of Henry Kissinger to Beijing (up to 26)

1973: Dalai Lama makes first UK visit

1977: In Thailand, military coup d’état led by Kriangsak Chomanan ousts Tanin Kraivixien

1982: Julius Jayewardene is reelected president of Sri Lanka with 52,9 % of the votes,_1982

1983: Birth of Takayuki Yamada, Japanese actor

1986: Birth of Priyanka Sharma, Indian actress

1988: Birth of Risa Niigaki, Japanese singer

1993: Death of Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese painter, born on October 20, 1909 (see upper)

Yasushi Sugiyama

1999: Indian Parliament’s inaugural session after the BJP victory with Atal Bahiri Vajpayee as Prime Minister and Sonia Gandhi as leader of the opposition

1999: Abdurrahman Wahid is elected the 4th president of Indonesia

2009: Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono becomes the first president of Indonesia to be sworn in for a second term, consolidating political stability in the sprawling southeast Asian archipelago

2010: Death of Farooq Leghari, 8th president of Pakistan (1993-1997), born on May 29, 1940

2010: 150 elected representatives to Pakistan’s parliament and regional assemblies have been suspended by the election commission for not declaring their assets. That decision means the legislators cannot attend house sessions or vote

2012: Bangladesh mutiny: 723 border guards jailed. Nearly 6,000 people have now been jailed for the mutiny over pay and conditions, which left 74 people dead.

2013: Hong Kong Television Network: Protest over licence ruling. Thousands of people have taken to the streets of Hong Kong to protest against what they see as a lack of government transparency and accountability.

2013: Jamalul Kiram III, 75 — who described himself as the « Sultan of Sulu » after a group of islands in the southern Philippines — died at a government hospital but remained defiant to the end.

2014: Widodo, the first Indonesian president not to come from the ranks of the country’s established political, business and military elite, took the oath of office in a ceremony at the parliament in the capital, Jakarta, attended by regional leaders and US Secretary of State John Kerry

2015: Nearly 400 mostly elderly and frail South Koreans have reunited with family members in North Korea, in a tearful meeting more than 60 years after they were separated by the Korean War


On 19 October in Asian history

Russie 1956-10-19


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Updated on October 19, 2017

1276: Birth of Prince Hisaaki, 8th shogun of the Kamakura shogunate, who died on November 16, 1328

1851: Birth of Empress Myeongseong of Korea, assassinated on October 8, 1895

1897: Birth of Salimuzzaman Giddiqui, Pakistani scientist, who died on April 14, 1994

1904: Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School

1910: Birth of Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-born physicist (Nobel Prize 1983) who died on August 21, 1995

1920: Birth of Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher, who died on October 25, 2003

1936: Death of Lu Xun, Chinese leftist writer, born on September 25, 1881


1943: Local Chinese and native Suluks rise up against the Japanese occupation of North Borneo. The revolt, staged in the capital, Jesselton, resulted in the deaths of 40 Japanese soldiers

1950: The military of the People’s Republic of China take control of the town and the province of Chamdo, in eastern Tibet after the surrender of Tibetan leader Ngaboi Ngawang Jigme, governor of Chamdo

1950: UN troops take Pyongyang, capital of North Korean

1950: After the Chinese leadership finally settled the issue of armed intervention, the People’s Republic of China joins the Korean War by starting to send thousands of troops across the Yalu river to fight United Nations forces

1954: First ascent of Cho Oyu Mount in Nepal

1956: Japan and Soviet Union sign an agreement that put an end to the state of war between the two countries

Russie 1956-10-19

1956: Birth of Sunny Deol, Indian actor

1962: Incidents between Indian and Chinese troops

1965: North Vietnamese troops launch a major assault on U.S. and South Vietnamese Special Forces Camp at Plei Me in the Central Highlands, 215 miles north of Saigon

1967: Birth of Yoko Shimomura, Japanese composer

1972: Henry Kissinger hold meetings in Saigon with South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu to discuss the proposed peace treaty drafted by Kissinger and Le Duc Tho, the chief North Vietnamese negotiator in Paris

1979: Birth of Hiromi Yanagihara, Japanese singer who died in a car accident on July 16, 1999

1981: Birth of Christian Bautista, Philippine singer

1993: Benazir Bhutto, fired in 1990, is Prime Minister of Pakistan for the second time, until November 1996

2001: First US ground commandos actions in Afghanistan

2001: Death of renowned Chinese conductor Li Delun, born in 1917


2001: In Shanghai, opening of the summit of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). First meeting of Jiang Zemin and Bush. The 20 heads of state or of government solemnly condemn the international terrorism

2010-10 Apec

2002: In Indonesia, Abu Bakar Bashir suspected of being the one who ordered the attacks against churchs on December 24, 2000 is arrested. The day before he had publicly pray for Ben Laden

2003: Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II

2007: Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati, which killed 11 and injured more than 100 people

2009: Iran’s president accuses Pakistan of having links to the bombers who carried out a suicide attack on Sunday in the republic’s Sunni-majority southeast that left at least 42 people dead

2010: Beijing makes a new appeal for the return of relics looted by British and French troops from the Old Summer Palace in Beijing 150 years ago

2011: Hong kong Cardinal Zen on hunger strike for freedom of education in schools

2011: Death of Kakkanadan, Indian author, born on April 25, 1935

2011: First wave of French soldiers leave Afghanistan

2012: The United States invits Myanmar to the world’s largest multi-national military field exercise, a powerful symbolic gesture toward a military with a grim human rights record and a milestone in its rapprochement with the West

2012: In a rare challenge to Pakistan’s powerful generals, the country’s Supreme Court ruled on Friday that the military should stop interfering in politics

2013: Death of one of the best playback singers in the Pakistani film industry, Zubaida Khanum; after suffering a fatal heart Attack

2013: Police in the Maldives stop a presidential election from going ahead, plunging the country into fresh political uncertainty.

2013: Death of K. Raghavan, Indian tabla player and composer, born on December 2, 1913

2014: North Korean troops approached the demarcation line separating the two sides, prompting South Korean soldiers to fire warning shots

On 18 October in Asian history

1860-10-18 Palais d'ete après


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Updated on October 18, 2017

325: Death of Jin Mingdi, Chinese emperor of the Jin Dynasty, born in 299

1127: Birth of Go-Shirakawa, 77th emperor of Japan (1155-1158), who died on 24 April 1192

1130: Birth of Zhu Xi, Chinese philosopher who died on April 23, 1200

1480: Death of Uhwudong, Korean dancer and poet, born in 1440


1561: Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima – Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts

1565: Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture the Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West

1653: Birth of Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1709-1713) who died on November 17, 1713

1735: Death of Yongzheng, 4th Qing emperor (1722-1735). Qianlong becomes the new emperor

1804: Birth of king Mongkut (Rama IV) (1851-1868) who died on 1st October 1868

1860: Convention of Beijing putting an end to the Second Opium war. The western forces loot and burn the Imperial Summer Palaces of Qingyi yuan and Yuanming yuan

1860-10-18 Palais d'ete avant

1860-10-18 Palais d'ete après

1870: Birth of Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki, Japanese scholar, who died on July 12, 1966

Teirato Suzuki

1893: Birth of Georges Ohsawa, Japanese founder of Macrobiotics who died on April 23, 1966

1907: End of the Second Peace Conference. Signature of the Hague Convention

1941: Appointed on October 14, Japanese War Minister Hideki Tojo announces his goverment (up to July 1944)

1947: Vice-admiral Michiaki Kamada, condemned as a war criminal by a Dutch military Court is hanged, born in 1890

1950: Birth of Om Puri, Indian actor

1950: The Defense minister Ramon Magsaysay orders the arrest of  José Lava, general secretary of the Communist Party of the Philippines

1952: During the French Vietnam War, Vietminh offensive in Thai zone

1952: Birth of Bao Ninh, Vietnamese novelist


1954: The elected representatives of the French establishment in India decide to joint India

1955: A communiqué from Emperor Bao Dai’s office in Paris announces that he has dismissed Ngo Dinh Diem from the premiership and annulled his powers

1956: Death of Yoshio Markino, Japanese painter and author, born on January 26, 1870

1961: Death of Tsuru Aoki, Japanese actress, born on September 9, 1892

1962: Birth of Min Ko Naing, Burmese activist

1965: Birth of Zakir Naik, Indian Islamic speaker and doctor

1965: The Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) is forbidden

1972: Visit of Henry Kissinger to Saigon (up to October 22)

1974: Birth of Candy Lo, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actress

1976: Death of Viswanatha Satyanarayana, Indian poet, born on September 10, 1895

1976: Birth of Zhou Xun, Chinese actress and singer

1979: Birth of Jothika, Indian actress

1984: Birth of Freida Pinto, Indian actress and model

1991: In Cambodia, the People’s Revolutionary Party (PRPK), led by Hun Sen, renounces to Marxism-Leninism, admits multiparty system and change its name for Cambodian People Party

1995: Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), dies at 94


2001: In the frame of the international war against terrorism, for the first time, the Japanese Lower Chamber authorizes, for a short time, the sending of Japanese forces out of the Japan defense line

2002: Death of Roman Tam, Hong Kong singer, born on February 16, 1950

2004: Burma Prime Minister Khin Nyunt is «permitted to retire on health ground» but in fact put under of house arrest

2004: Death of Veerappan, Indian bandit and smuggler, born on January 18, 1952

2006: In Cambodia, Funcipec Party (Royalist) expels his chairman, Prince Norodom Ranarridh after he destroyed chance with the ruling party of Hun Sen. His successor is Keo Puth Rasmey

2007: After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to her homeland Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto’s convoy, killing over 100 in the cheering crowd, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escaped uninjured

2008: Death of Xie Jin, Chinese film director, born on November 21, 1923

Xie Jin 2

2010: China’s Vice-President Xi Jinping is named vice-chairman of the powerful Central Military Commission, in a move widely seen as a boost to his likely succession of President Hu Jintao

2010: Burma will not allow any foreign election observers or international media into the country for its first poll in two decades, the head of the election commission says

2011: North Korea and the US held talks on restarting efforts to recover the remains of US troops killed during the Korean War, after a six-year halt.

2013: Japanese cabinet minister Shindo visits shrine to war dead. The visit comes a day after Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made his third ritual offering to the shrine since returning to office in December. Abe has not visited the shrine in person to avoid further straining ties with China and South Korea.

2013: Death of Ravuri Bharadhwaja, Indian author, poet, and critic, born on July 7, 1927

On 17 October in Asian history

1904-10-17 Battle of Shaho


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Updated on October 17, 2017

1748: In India, British forces raise the siege of Pondicherry, defended by French Dupleix

1817: Birth of Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual who died on March 27, 1898

1862: The Qing government adopts the Huanglong flag as the national flag in its first version (will become rectangular in 1889)

1862-10-17 first Qing flag

1887: Foundation of the Indochina Union including the French protectorates of Cambodia, Annam and Tonkin

1898: Birth of Shinichi Suzuki, Japanese violin teacher who died on January 26, 1998

1904: The Russians are finaly driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho that started on October 5; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)

1904-10-17 Battle of Shaho

1908: Birth of Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese communist leader who died on July 18, 2007

1919: Birth of Zhao Ziyang, reformist premier of China (1980-1987) then General Secretary of the CCP (1987-1989), ousted because he was opposed to the repression of the Tiananmen Square students movement

1929: Mohammed Nadir Shah proclaims himself, king of Afghanistan

1936: Birth of Hiroo Kanamori, Japanese seismologist

1943: The 415-km Thailand Burma railroad ( Death Railway ) between Bangkok, Thailand and Rangoon, Burma is completed. During the construction of the railway approximately 13,000 prisoners of war and 100,000 civilians. Part of the railway was “The Bridge on the River Kwai” which was later made into a movie.

1947: In London, Clement Attlee and Thakin Nu sign the « Treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and the Provisional Government of Burma Regarding the Recognition of Burmese Independence and Related Matters »

1947: Birth of Simi Garewal, Indian actress

1950: Local leader Ngapo Ngawang Jigme accepts the capitulation of Chambo, one of the three parts of Tibet, to China

1950-10-17 Chute Chambo

1950: Americano-Siamese security agreement

1951: In Pakistan, the 2nd Governor-General Khawaja Nazimuddin becomes the 2nd Prime Minister (until April 1953) and Ghulam Mohammad becomes the 3rd Governor-General (until October 1955)

1952: Birth of Jahnu Barua, Indian film director

1953: Signature of a friendship and association treaty between France and Laos

1953: Franco-Cambodian agreement on the transfer of competences in military matters

1967: Death of Puyi the last Chinese emperor, born on February 7, 1906

Puyi et Li shuyi 1960

1968: Yasunari Kawabata becomes the first Japanese to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature


1972: South Korean president Park Chung-hee proclaims martial law

1974: Birth of Dhondup Wangchen, Tibetan director and producer

1981: Death of Kannadasan Indian author, poet, and songwriter, born on June 24, 1927

1987: Birth of Bea Alonzo, Filipina actress

1987: Death of Abdul Malek Ukil,Bangladeshi politician, born on October 1, 1925

1992: Death of Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician, born on May 28, 1912

1992: Birth of Sam Concepcion, Filipino performer and actor

1998: Death of Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar and philanthropist, born in 1920

2002: US Secretary in charge of Asia, James Kelly, says to the Congress that during its travel to Pyongyang, the North Koreans recognized that they have carried on their nuclear program

2003: Taipei 101 become the World’s tallest highrise building at 1,671 feet after the pinnacle is fitted on the roof

2003: Eunuchs in the Indian State of Madhya Pradesh float the political party Jiti Jitayi Politics

2005: Death of Ba Jin, famous Chinese writer


2007: The Dalai Lama receives the United States Congressional Gold Medal

2009: Pakistan’s military begin its campaign against the Taliban in South Waziristan, long-promised after a series of deadly attacks by Taliban fighters across the country

2009: Thousands of « red shirt » protesters rally in Bangkok, seeking a royal pardon for Thaksin Shinawatra, the country’s fugitive former prime minister

2011: Ninth Tibetan, a Nun, Immolates Herself in Anti-China Protest

2012: Death of Kōji Wakamatsu, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter, born on April 1, 1936

2013: Death of Sein Win, a renowned journalist in Myanmar who championed press freedom and endured three stints in prison as he chronicled several decades of his country’s turbulent history, at age 91.

2014: China and Vietnam agree to “address and control” maritime disputes, Chinese state media said, as differences over the potentially energy-rich South China Sea have spoiled relations between the two countries and other neighbours

On 16 October in Asian history


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Updated on October 16, 2017

690: Empress Wu Zetian takes the power ousting the Tang Dynasty and establishing the Second Zhou Dynasty (until March 3, 705)

1535: Birth of Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord who died on 15 May 1585

1600: Dutch Olivier van Noort ships reach Philippines

1840: Birth of Kuroda Kiyotaka, 2nd Japanese Prime Minister, (April 1888-October 1889), who died on August 23, 1900

1841: Birth of Prince Hirobumi Ito, four times Prime Minister and first Japanese governor of Korea

1866: In Korea, after the killing of French missionaries, a group of 170 French marines, belonging to Admiral Pierre-Gustave Roze expedition, land on Ganghwa island, seize the fortress which controls the Han river, and occupy the fortified city of Ganghwa itself,_1866

1868 : Denmark ends its involvement in India by selling the rights to the Nicobar Islands to the British

1900: Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, in which they agree to maintain the territorial integrity of China and support the ‘open door’ policy called for by US secretary of State. France and Russia will adhere few days later

1901: Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan’s position against Russians

1905: The partition of Bengal by the British authorities causes high level unrest

1907: After the first elections to the Philippine Assembly, in July, the first session is opened. The Nacionalista Party of Manuel Quezon and Sergio Osmena won the elections and will continue to dominate Philippine electoral politics until World War II

1931: Birth of Rosa Rosal, Filipina actress and humanitarian

1934: Start of the Chinese Communist Party one year and four days Long March


1936: Birth of Akira Machida, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Japan (2002-2006)

Akira Machida

1942: A cyclone is the cause of 11,000 dead in Bengal

1948: Birth of Hema Malini, Indian Actress

1951: Assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan, the first PM of Pakistan

1952: Death of Ghulam Bhik Nairang, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and poet, born Sptember 26, 1876

1954: In Vietnam, a national congress, convened in Saigon by Bao Dai, refuses the adhesion to the French Union Française “under its current form”

1956: Birth of Rudra Mohammad Shahidullah, Bangladeshi poet, author, and playwright who died on June 21, 1992

1964: PRC detonates its first nuclear weapon

1965: In Indonesia, the Chinese trade mission in Jakarta is ransacked (anti-China activities after the September 30 coup)

1967: John Baez is arrested in Vietnam protest

1968: Birth of Mark Lee, Singaporean actor and director

1973: Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese diplomat Le Duc Tho are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the Paris peace accords. Kissinger accepted, but Tho declined the award until such time as « peace is truly established. »

1974: Death of Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar, Carnatic musician, born on September 1, 1895

1975: The Balibo Five, a group of Australian-based television journalists based in the town of Balibo in the then Portuguese Timor (now East Timor), are killed by Indonesian troops

1979: First official visit of Afghan president Babrak Karmal to  Moscow

1979: Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng, arrested in late March, is sentenced to fifteen years in prison

1982: Birth of Vincy Chan, Hong Kong singer

1982: Birth of Prithviraj Sukumaran, Indian actor

2003: Birth of Princess Kritika of Nepal, daughter of Crown Prince Paras

2003: Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad tells a summit of Islamic leaders that « Jews rule the world by proxy » and the world’s 1.3 billion Muslims should unite, using nonviolent means for a « final victory. »

2006: In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels ram a truck packed with explosives into a convoy of military buses, killing at least 103 people and wounding 150 more in one of the deadliest insurgent attacks since the 2002 cease-fire.
 2010: Demonstrations are held in China and Japan about islands claimed by both countries in the East China Sea

2010-10-17 Diayutai

2012: Myanmar’s reformist President Thein Sein is re-appointed as head of the ruling party at a key meeting aimed at reviving its flagging political fortunes against a resurgent opposition.

On 15 October in Asian history


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Updated on October 15, 2017

1265: Birth of Temür Khan, Emperor Chengzong of Yuan -China who died on February 10, 1307,_Emperor_Chengzong_of_Yuan

1542: Birth of Akbar the Great who ruled the Mughal empire in India from 1556 to 1605

1754: Joseph François Dupleix, Governor general of the establishments in India, returns to France

1904: The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur (Lushun) in China during the Russo-Japanese War

1913: Birth of Xi Zhongxun, Chinese reformist leader, father of president Xi Jinping, who died on May 24, 2002


1914: Birth of Mohammed Zahir Shah, king of Afghanistan (1933-1973) who died on July 23, 2007

1914: Birth of Lim Yew Hock, second chief minister of Singapore (1956-1959) who died on November 30, 1984


1916: Birth of Admiral Liu Huaqing, father of the modernization of the Chinese PLA Navy

Liu Huaqing 2

1918: Death of Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint, born on September 28, 1835

1929: Nadir Khan sizes the throne of Afghanistan after a 3-way power struggle. His tribal Wazir army looted government buildings and houses of wealthy citizens because the treasury was empty. Habibullah Kalakani and supporters of Amanullah Khan are killed

1931: Birth of Aval Pakir Jainulabdeen Abduk Kalam, President of India (2002-2007)

1932: Tata Airlines (Now Air India) makes its first fly

1934: Birth of N. Ramani, Indian flutist

1934: The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek’s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircle Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March the following day

1934: Birth of Wang Meng, Chinese writer and Minister of Culture (1986-1989)


1941: Birth of Li Tung, Taiwanese actor

1946: Birth of Victor Banerjee, Indian actor

Victor Bannerjee

1948: China’s Red army occupied Jinzhou (Manchuria)

1948-10-15 Final Attack on Jinzhou

1948: Shigeru Yoshida succeeds Hitoshi Ashida as 48th Prime minister, up to February 1949

1955: Death of Fumio Hayasaka, Japanese composer, born on August 1914

1952: Birth of Kunihiko Yuyama, Pokemo series film director

1957: China and Soviet Union sign a secret agreement for nuclear cooperation

1957: Birth of Mira Nair, Indian female film maker

1961: Death of Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’, Indian poet and author, born on February 21, 1896’Nirala

1963: Elections supposedly intended to restore the presidency to a civilian leader but General Park resigned from the military in August and announced his candidacy. He and the Democratic Republican Party won the elections, signalling the start of South Korea’s Third Republic.

1965: The National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam stages the first public burning of a draft card in the United States to result in arrest under a new law

1969: Millions march in US to protest against the continuing war in Vietnam

1982: Birth of Yoko Maki, Japanese actress

1983: Birth of Stephy Tang, Hong Kong singer and actress

1986: Birth of Lee Donghae, South Korean singer-songwriter and actor

1990: United Nations General Assembly approves the Peace plan for Cambodia

1990: Birth of Ji Yoon, South Korean singer

1997: In Sri Lanka 18 people are killed in a series of bomb blasts in downtown Colombo and some 110 were injured. The blasts occurred at the World Trade Cente

1997-10-15 WTC attack

1999: Security Council demands that Taliban turn over Usama Bin Laden to appropriate authorities

1999: In Indonesia thousands of anti-Habibie demonstrators fought police and pressured the official assembly to go forward with reforms

1999: In Pakistan Gen’l. Pervez Musharraf declares a state of emergency and suspends the constitution

2001: Japan prime minister Junichiro Koizumi pays a visit to Seoul. As he did in Beijing, he expresses his remorse for old past

2002: In Japan 5 citizens snatched by North Korean agents in 1978, returned home for a visit

2002-10-15 return of 5 kidnapped

2003: China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission, with Yang Liwei as its first astronaut, becoming the third country to send a person into orbit

2004: The last border small problems between China and Russia are solved

2004: Indonesian prosecutors formally charged militant cleric Abu Bakar Bashir with ordering his followers to launch a suicide attack on the J.W. Marriott hotel in Jakarta last year.

2004: Japan wins a two-year term on the U.N. Security Council along with Argentina, Denmark, Greece and Tanzania.
2007: Opening of the XVIIth Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Hu Jintao makes opening to Taiwan

2008: A Vietnamese court sentenced journalist Nguyen Viet Chien (56) to two years in prison, accusing him of writing inaccurate stories about one of the country’s most high-profile corruption cases. Fellow reporter Nguyen Van Hai (33) was sentenced on the charges to two years of « re-education without detention

2009: In China, six, including one Han, are sentenced to death over clashes in Xinjiang in July, increasing to 12 the number of death sentences

2009: China’s Premier Wen Jiabao said that China intends to strengthen its cooperation with Iran, an indication Beijing would oppose growing calls in the West for additional sanctions against the Islamic regime for its nuclear program.

 2009: A Philippine military tribunal acquits 11 officers of plotting a foiled Feb, 2006, coup against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.

2012: Cambodia former king Norodom Sihanouk dies aged 89

2012: The Philippines sign a framework peace plan with the country’s largest Muslim rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The deal follows lengthy negotiations aimed at ending a 40-year conflict that has cost an estimated 120,000 lives.

2014: Generals from North and South Korea hold military talks for the first time in more than three years at a border village on how to ease animosities between the countries after two shooting incidents last week, South Korean media has reported

On 14 October in Asian history


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Updated on October 14, 2017

1256: Death of Kujo Yoritsugu, 5th shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan (1244-1252), born on December 17, 1239

1493: Birth of Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord, who died on December 31, 1568

1610: Death of Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, born in 1540

1643: Birth of Bahadur Shah I, Mughal emperor who rules briefly India and died on February 27, 1712

1854: Signature at Nagasaki of the Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty

1867: The 15th and last shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, resigns


1867: Masaoka Shiki, Japanese haiku & tanka poet who died on September 19, 1902

1882: Foundation of the University of Punjab (Lahore), today in Pakistan

1900: Birth of Kyoko Chigusa, Japanese actor

1901: Birth of San Yu (Chang Yu), Chinese painter who will die on August 12, 1966 Birth of Le Duc Tho, Vietnamese Foreign minister and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize

1931: Birth of Nikhil Banerjee, Indian classical musician who died on January 27, 1986

1942: Birth of Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer and civil servant, gunned down on February 11, 1986

1942: Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal

1943: After Japan declared Philippines independence, José Laurel is elected president, up to August 14, 1945


1946: Netherland and Indonesia sign cease fire

1947: In Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Don Stephen Senanayake is elected Prime Minister up to 1952

1949: Chinese Red Army occupies Guangzhou (Canton)

1950: South Korean Rev Sun Myung Moon is liberated from Hung Nam prison

1952: During the Korean War, United Nations and South Korean forces launch Operation Showdown against Chinese strongholds at the Iron Triangle. The resulting Battle of Triangle Hill was the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952

1955: West Pakistan province is founded

1956: Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Indian Untouchable caste leader, converts to Buddhism along with 385,000 of his followers


1958: Birth of Kaoru Ikeya, Japanese film director

1960: Birth of Takashi Ishihara, Japanese film producer

1963: Birth of Kim Jae-beom, South Korea singer

1968: 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio in San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War

1968:The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours

1973: Thailand’s University Students protest for a democratic government. 77 are killed and 857 injured

1980: Birth of Oh Yun-ah, Korean actress

1982: Birth of Angela An, Chinese singer

1984: From all parts of Bangladesh, 2 million people converge to Dacca demanding the end of the two and half year Martial Law

1991: The Norwegian Nobel Committee decides to award the Nobel Price to Aung San Suu Kyi for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights

1996: Death of Tan Chee Khoon, Malaysian politician, born on March 4, 1919

2001: Giving in to political parties and Muslim associations, Indonesia president Megawati Sukarnoputri condemns US strikes on Afghanistan

2001: Death of general Zhang Xueliang, ruler of Manchuria, who forced Chiang Kai-shek to ally with the Communist for fighting the Japanese, born on June 3, 1901

2004: In Cambodia, Prince Sihamoni is unanimously selected by the throne Council as the next king (coronation on October 29)


2004: Death of Yoneo Iguchi, Japanese actor, born on December 20, 1924

2006: United Nations Security Council, unanimously votes an embargo on arms sales and luxury goods against North Korea

2007: In Cambodia, Prince Ranariddh, former leader of the royalist party, is sentenced in absentia to 18 months in prison

2008: In China, eight Buddhist monks convicted of bombing a government building in Tibet during an anti-government uprising in March have been sentenced to prison, two of them for life

2011: Burma law to allow labour unions and strikes forbidden since 1962

2013: According to a Malaysian court: ‘Allah’ is Muslim-only word. The Court says the Catholic Herald newspaper is banned from using Islamic term, in ruling that affects other publications.,-Christians-banned-from-using-Allah-.-Catholics-announce-appeal-29266.html

2013: Death of Kōichi Iijima, Japanese author and poet, born on February 25, 1930

2015: Myanmar’s government and eight smaller ethnic rebel armies signed a ceasefire agreement to end more than six decades of fighting, but other more powerful groups refused to come on board, signaling that peace will remain elusive.

2016: The Sultan of Kelantan Muhammed V is named new Malaysian king for five years