On 22 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 22, 2019

1802: Emperor Gia Long conquers Hanoi and unified Viet Nam, which had experienced centuries of feudal warfare

1831: Birth of Prince Osahito, fourth son of Japanese Emperor Ninko who will become the 121th emperor in 1846 under the name of Komei up to January 1867

1864: Birth of Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theorician and first prime minister who died on May 13, 1093

1907: Birth of Zubir Said, a Singapore composer who composed the national anthem and who died on November 16, 1987

1915: Birth of Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author who died on December 11, 2000

1922: Death of Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist, born on November 1854

1944 General Kuniaki Koiso becomes premier of Japan

Kuniaki Koiso
1946: The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland is formed in North Korea as a united front under the leadership of the Communist Party (later the Workers’ Party of Korea)

1953: Birth of Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress

1963: Sarawak gets full independence from the British

1968: North Vietnam condemn Honolulu conference between US president Johnson and South Vietnam president Nguyen Van Thieu

1971: Japanese Prime Minister Sato says he is ready to go to China if invited

1972: Beijing invites new Japanese premier Tanaka on an official visit

1974: Birth of Sonija Kwok, Hong Kong actress

1976: Japan completes its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed during the imperial Japan’s conquest of the country in the Second World War

1976: Birth of Kokia, Japanese singer-songwriter and producer

1977: Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power

1977: Death of Pan Yuliang, Chinese female painter, born on May 22, 1895

1997: After losing the leadership, Pol Pot is sentenced to life imprisonment by the Khmer Rouge

1999: Chinese government bans spiritual sect Falung Gong

2001: Indonesian president Wahid announces the  suspension of parliament and declares state of emergency

2008: India’s Congress party-led government survives a vote of confidence over a civilian nuclear deal with the US

2009: People in Asia have seen the longest total solar eclipse this century, with large areas of India and China plunged into darkness

2011: Envoys from North and South held discussions for first time in more than two years during Asian security summit in Bali

2012: Former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee is elected Indian president after votes from members of the national and state parliaments were counted in the race for the mainly ceremonial post

2012: Death of Ding Guan’gen, Chinese politician, born in September 1929

2014: The Indonesian election commission said Mr Widodo – widely known as Jokowi – won 53.15% of the vote with his rival, ex-general Prabowo Subianto, on 46.85% for the presidential election

2014: Thai King has endorsed interim charter, says Gen Prayuth

2014: Prime Minister Hun Sen and Cambodian opposition parties agree on a joint solution to end a political deadlock and the opposition’s yearlong boycott of the national legislature

On 21 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 21, 2019

541: Birth of Emperor Wen, founder of the Sui dynasty who died on August 13, 604

628: Birth of Emperor Gaozong of Tang, the third emperor of the Tang Dynasty in China, ruling from 649, who died on December 27, 683

1645: Qing Dynasty regent Dorgon issues an edict ordering all Han Chinese men to shave their forehead and braid the rest of their hair into a queue identical to those of the Manchus

1911 Fin natte (2)

1786: Tay Son rebellion leader Ngyuyen Hue captures the capital of Dai Viet (Vietnam), Thang Long (Hanoi)

1906: Birth of Taiwan musician Teng Yu-hsien who died on June 11, 1944

1911: Birth of Umashankar Joshi, Indian author, poet, and scholar who died on December 19, 1988

1920: Birth of Anand Bakshi, Indian poet and songwriter who died on March 30, 2002

1926: Birth of Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general, governor of Balochistan from 1978 to 1984

1944: American troops land on Guam, under Japanese occupation since December 1941, starting a battle that will end on August 10

1945: Birth at Shanghai of Hong Kong actress Lydia Shum who died from liver cancer on February 19, 2008

1947: In Indonesia, Dutch troops launch the Operation Product, aiming to take control of the more useful eras of Java and Sumatra

1951: Beginning of the negotiations between United Nations and North Korea in the border town of Panmunjom

1953: Birth of Jeff Fatt, Chinese Australian actor

1954: End of the Conference of Geneva on Indochina. Vietnam is cut in two eras separated by the 17th parallel. Hanoi signs but Saigon refuses

1955: Birth of Taco Ockerse, Indonesian singer

1960: In Sri Lanka, Sirimavo Bandaranaike takes the oath as Prime Minister up to 1977

1960: Birth of Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer, gunned down on March 8, 1988

1963: End of Sino-Soviet talks in Moscow to discuss the widening split between Moscow and Beijing over ideological differences. Both countries issue a joint statement that the talks have ended, and that the delegations have failed to reach any agreement except to recess

1964: Riots in Singapore by Malays demanding the same privileges as in the other parts of the Federation of Malaysia

1964-07-21 Riots

1964: Birth of Akira Yasuda, Japanese illustrator

1969: USA lifts some restrictions in its business with communist China

1972: Death of Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, king of Bhutan since 1952 (born on May 2, 1929). Jigme Singye Wangchuck, 17 years old becomes the new kind

1978: Sino-Japanese talks for a Treaty of Peace and Amity resume

1995: Third Taiwan Strait Crisis. The People’s Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan

TW Manoeuvres détroits

2001: Death of Sivaji Ganesan, South Indian Tamil actor, born on October 1, 1927

2005: In Myanmar, former PM Khin Nyunt is sentenced to 41 years in prison

2006: Death of Mako Iwamatsu, Japanese-born American actor, born on December 10, 1933

2006: Death of Ta Mok, Khmer Rouge leader “The Butcher”, born in 1930

2007: For the first time since independence, 60 years ago, a woman, Pratibha Patil, is elected president of the republic of India

2008: Ram Baran Yadav, from the Nepalese Congress, is elected first president of the Republic of Nepal

2009: Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso dissolves parliament’s lower house for an August 30 election

2012: Japan launches a rocket with an unmanned cargo transporter to the International Space Station

2013: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s ruling bloc has won majority of seats in the upper house of parliament in elections, giving it control of both chambers for the first time in six years, according to exit polls.

2013: In Cambodia, Sam Rainsy, who was greeted by huge crowds on Friday after his return from self-imposed exile in France, was removed from the electoral register late last year and is unable to run as a candidate in the July 28 polls.

2015 : Eleven Cambodian opposition members and activists are sentenced to prison on insurrection charges, including three who received 20-year sentences

2016: A youth named by China as Panchen Lama, the second-highest figure in Tibetan Buddhism, but reviled as a fake by many Tibetans, begins an important Buddhist rite, the first time in 50 years it has happened in Tibet


Holidays and observances

Singapore: Racial Harmony Day

Guam: Liberation Day

On 20 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 20, 2019

1156: Death of the 74th Japanese emperor Toba (1107-1123), born on February 24, 1103

1296: Alauddin Khilji declares himself as King of Delhi after assassinating his uncle Jalaluddin Khilji

1402: During the Ottoman-Timurid Wars in the  Battle of Ankara , Timur, ruler of Timurid Empire, defeats forces of the Ottoman Empire sultan Bayezid I

1592: The Japanese capture the Korean capital Pyongyang, causing King Seonjo to request the assistance of Ming Dynasty Chinese forces, who recapture the city a year later

1905 : The first partition of Bengal along religious lines is approved in London by the Secretary of State of India

1929: Soviet troops attempt to cross the Amur River into Manchuria near Blagoveschensk as tensions mount between the Soviet Union and the Republic of China

1929: birth of Rajendra Kumar, Indian actor, who died on July 29, 1999

1932: Birth of Nam June Paik, American Korean-born artist, who died on January 29, 2006

1937: Birth of Ken Ogata, Japanese actor who died on October 5, 2008

1944: Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo is sunk by US air attack in Guam area

1946: The US Congress’s Pearl Harbor Committee says Franklin D. Roosevelt is completely blameless for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and calls for a unified command structure in the armed forces

1947: Police in Burma arrest former Prime Minister U Saw and 19 others on charges of assassinating Prime Minister U Aung San and six members of his cabinet

1947: The Duch cancel the Linggadjati agreement signed with the Indonesian on the creation of the United States of Indonesia. Dutch troops occupy West Java, East Java, Madura, Semarang, Medan, Palembang, Padang, bomb many cities

1947: The Viceroy of India says the people of the Northwest Frontier Province overwhelmingly voted the previous day to join Pakistan rather than India

1948: In South Korea, Syngman Rhee is elected first president,_1948

1950: Birth of Naseeruddin Shah, Indian actor

1952: Birth of Keiko Matsuzaka, Japanese actress

1954: The General Conference on Indochina declares a demilitarized zone at the 17th parallel with the North under communist rule and the South under the leadership of Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem. Officially signed on 21

1954: Birth of Taiwanese singer Lo Ta-yu (Luo Dayou)

1956: Birth of Ryo Ishibashi, Japanese actor

 1960: In Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Sirimavo Bandanaranaike is the first Asian woman to become Prime Minister

1961: In Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew expels his opponents inside his People’s Action Party

1962: In South Vietnam, the National Liberation Front publishes its manifesto

1964: During the Vietnam War, Viet Cong forces attack the capital of Dinh Tuong Province, Cai Be, killing 11 South Vietnamese military personnel and 40 civilians (30 of which are children)

1965: General Li Tsung-jen (Li Zongren), rival of Chiang Kai-sheik, in exile in the USA since 1949, comes back to Beijing

1965-07-20 retour Li Tsung-jen

1965: Death of Batukeshwar Dutt, Indian activist, born on November 18, 1910

1966: Birth of Agot Isidro, Filipino actress

1969: Muhammad Hidayatullah becomes the first acting President of India for one month

1971: Birth of Sandra Oh, Korean Canadian actress

1972: Death of Geeta Dutt, Indian singer, born on November 23, 1930

1973: In testimony by Assistant Secretary of Defense Jerry Friedheim to the US Senate Committee on Armed Services, the US Defense Department admits it lied to US Congress about bombing Cambodia

1973: Death of Bruce Lee, American Hong Kong born actor and martial artist, born on November 27, 1940

1975: India expels three reporters from The Times, The Daily Telegraph, and Newsweek because they refused to sign a pledge to abide by government censorship

1976: After the Vietnam War, the US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand

1979: Birth of Claudine Barretto, Filipino actress

1989: Burma’s ruling junta puts opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest for the first time

1989: Birth of Witwisit Hirunwongkul, Thai actor

1999: Falun Gong is banned in the People’s Republic of China, and a large scale persecution of the practice is launched

2006: Security Council unanimously condemns the July 5 North Korean ballistic missiles tests, but with no sanctions because Chinese and Russian opposition

2009: An accord between India and the United States is reached in New Delhi clearing the way for the sale of US-made weapons to India

2009: Taiwan, restores former president Chiang Kai-shek’s name to a Taipei memorial hall housing a statue of him – the latest salvo in a partisan battle over the former Nationalist leader’s legacy

2010: Hamid Karzai, the Afghan president, has received international backing for plans that would see Afghan forces to take over security across the country in four years

2011: South China Sea dispute: Philippine MPs visit Spratlys. The politicians landed on Pagasa island, the only island in the Spratlys chain populated by Filipinos, and sang the national anthem with residents

2012: Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei lost his lawsuit against the Beijing tax bureau, leaving him still subject to tax evasion charges and more than $2 million in fines

2012: North Korea has said it was being forced to « re-examine » its nuclear programme because of fresh signs the US remains hostile towards the country, indicating it will step up defiant efforts to boost its nuclear arsenal

2013: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou is overwhelmingly reelected chairman of the ruling party, amid corruption scandals involving top officials and public anger at his government.

2014: Death of Panna Rittikrai, Thai actor, director, and stuntman, born on February 17, 1961

2015: As Japan prepares to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, one of its largest corporations, Mitsubishi, apologizes to WWII Japanese prisoners of war

2017: Ram Nath Kovind elected as India’s Dalit 14th president

2018: South Korea court hands ex-president Park Geun-hye 8 more years in jail

2018: China lends Cambodia $351 million for road, as leaders mark 60th anniversary of diplomatic ties

On 19 July in Asian history

1864-07-19 Nankin Taiping


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Updated on July 19, 2019

806: Death of Li Shigu, Chinese general, born in 778

931: Death of Uda, Emperor of Japan, on May 5, 867

1688: Birth of Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian missionary to China, famous for his paintings who died on July 17, 1766

1827: Birth of Mangal Pandey, Indian freedom fighter, hanged on April 8, 1857

1864: During the Taiping Rebellion, by the Third Battle of Nanking the Qing Dynasty finally defeats the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

1864-07-19 Nankin Taiping

1868: Death of Soji Okita, Japanese samurai, born in 1842

1894: Birth of Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Governor general of Pakistan then Prime Minister (October 1951 to April 1953), who died on October 22, 1964)

1895: Birth of Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, who died September 26, 1953

1909: Birth of Balamani Amma, Indian poet and author who died on September 29, 2004

1943: Birth of Han Sai Por, Singaporean sculptor

1944: During the Philippine Sea War, in the Marianas, Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho, Shokaku and Zuikatu are sunk by US submarines

1947: Prime minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San, 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members are assassinated on order of Galon U Saw

1947: Death of Aung San, Burmese nationalist (assassinated), born on February 13, 1915)

1947: Death of U Razak, Burmese politician (assassinated), born on January 20, 1898

1947: The king of Tehri Garhwal, Manvendra Shah, announces a merger with the Indian Union

Manvendra Shah

1947: Korean politician Yuh Woon-Hyung is assassinated

1949: Laos becomes associated state within French Union

1958: Establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Cambodia

1961: Birth of Hideo Nakata, Japanese film director

1962: Birth of Aya Kito, Japanese child writer who died on May 23, 1988

1964: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam

1964: Birth of Masahiko Kondo, Japanese singer, actor and racing driver

1965: Death of Syngman Rhee, first President of South Korea, born on March 26, 1875

1968: Birth of Aya Sugimoto, Japanese singer and actress

1972: Birth of Naohito Fujiki, Japanese actor and singer

1976: Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created

1984: Birth of Alessandra De Rossi, Filipino actress 

2004: Death of Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (1980-1982), born on January 11, 1911

2007: Death of A. K. Faezul Huq, Bangladeshi lawyer, politician, and freelance journalist, born on March 15, 1945

2012: Russia and China veto a United Nations Security Council resolution that threatened sanctions against Syrian authorities

2012: Death of Humayun Ahmed, Bangladeshi director and author, born on November 13, 1948

2013: Myanmar is set to profit from a preferential trade agreement with the European Union (EU) starting on July 19, according to an EU press release.

2013: Thousands of cheering supporters greeted Cambodian opposition leader Sam Rainsy as he returned from self-imposed exile to spearhead his party’s election campaign against well-entrenched Prime Minister Hun Sen.

2013: Myanmar President Thein Sein is not preparing himself at the moment to contest the 2015 presidential election and has « no objections » to Nobel peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi running, he said in an interview aired on Friday.

2014: Thousands of cheering supporters greet Cambodian opposition leader Sam Rainsy on his return from a trip abroad, at a time when political tensions are high because of the arrests of eight of his party colleagues

2014: Prime Minister Hun Sen said he will block the establishment of a Taiwanese trade office in Cambodia because of the government’s rigid observance of the One-China policy, despite business leaders calling for more practical steps to boost investment from Taiwan

 2016: The Philippine Supreme Court dismiss a plunder charge against former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, ordering her immediate release after nearly five years of hospital detention


Holidays and observances

Burma: Burmese Martyrs’ Day

On 18 July in Asian history



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Updated on July 18, 2019

155: Birth of famous Chinese general Cao Cao who died on March 13, 220

45: Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi (Liaoning) during the Goguryeo–Tang War

707: Death of Emperor Monmu of Japan, born in 683

715: Death of Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian General who conquered the Singh and Punjab regions (now in Pakistan) beginning the Islamic era in South Asia, born on December 31, 695

912: Death of Zhu Wen, Emperor Taizu of Later Liang, Born on December 5, 852

1391: During the Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Battle of the Kondurcha River. Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia.

1392: Yi Seong-gye, founder of the Korean Joseon (Yi) dynasty becomes king of Korea

1695: Death of Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1684-1691), born on July 18, 1634

1871: Birth of Sada Yacco, stage actress and singer, who died on December 7, 1946

1875 : Birth of Marina Dizon y Bartolome, heroine of the Philippine revolution

Marina Dizon

1889: Birth of Kōichi Kido, Japanese politician, 13th Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan who died on April 6, 1977

1907: Japan forces Korean emperor Gojong to abdicate in favor of his son Sunjong

1909: Birth of Mohammad Daoud Khan, first president of Afghanistan (1973-1978)

1935: Birth of Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader

1944: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort

1947: Birth of Wang Jin, Chinese film director

1947: King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

1960: Premier Kishi of Japan resigns and escapes an assassination attempt

1960-07-18 Kishi attentat,4138645&hl=fr

1974: Death of S.V. Ranga Rao, Indian actor, born on July 3, 1918

1977: Signature of a Treaty of Amity and Cooperation between Laos and Vietnam

1980: Birth of Ryōko Hirosue, Japanese actress and singer

1980: Rohini 1, the first Indian satellite, is launched into orbit

1985: The second son of Ali Bhutto, Shahnawaz, dies of poisoning in an hotel room in Cannes (France)

1985: Death of Toyoko Takechi, Japanese actress, born on August 25, 1908

1990: Death of Yoon Bo-seon (Yun Po-sun), President of South Korea (1960-1962), born on August 26, 1897

1993: In Pakistan, Prime minister Nawaz Sharif is forced to resign

1993: In Japan, for the first time since its foundation in 1955, DLP loses the majority in the House of Representatives,_1993

1993: In Pakistan, to solve the political crisis between Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, both resign. Wsim Sajjad becomes president by interim prior to elections (up to November

1995: Death of Srinagarindra, Mother of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, born in 1900

1996: Battle of Mullaitivu, Tamil Tigers carried out this attack killing over 1200 Sri Lankan Army soldiers and capturing the base, biggest single lost to Sri Lankan Army ever

1996: An flag operation by Japanese extreme right militants relaunches the sovereignty dispute with China on Diayu islands (Senkaku for the Japanese)

1997: In Taiwan, the National Assembly (Legislative Yuan) pass a bill extending the power of the president and announces the end of the Taiwan provincial government

1999: In Kashmir, after the withdrawal of the Pakistanis, end of the Indian military operations in Kargil era
2000: Visit of Vladimir Putin in China. Common opposition to the American Theatre Missile Defence system (TMD) project

2002: Abdul Kalam is elected president of India (up to July 2007)

2005: Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement, first public joint statement by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the then U.S. President George W. Bush

2007: Death of Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese communist politician, born on October 17 1908

2008: South Korea rejects a Japanese proposal to hold bilateral talks on disputed islands (Dokdo or Takeshima)

2008: Philippine government and the Milf agree to extend the Muslim region in Mindanao

2011: The Vatican and Malaysia have agreed to establish diplomatic ties, following a meeting between Pope Benedict XVI and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak’s-visit-to-the-Pope-launches-diplomatic-relations-22131

2011: The UN’s highest court orders Thailand and Cambodia to immediately withdraw their troops from a disputed area around an ancient temple on the border between the two Asian neighbours

2012: North Korea says its leader Kim Jong-un has been promoted to marshal, cementing his status at the top of the nation’s military. North Korean state media made the announcement in a special bulletin.

2012: Death of Bollywood actor Rajesh Khanna at 69                                                             

2012: Cambodia and Thailand pulled hundreds of soldiers out of a disputed border area, a year after a ruling by the UN’s highest court, replacing them with police and security guards. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on July 18 last year ordered the neighbours to demilitarise a strip of land adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple which was the scene of deadly clashes in 2011

2013: Death of Samar Mukherjee, Indian marxist politician, born on November 7, 1913

On 17 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 17, 2019

1402: Coronation of Yongle, third emperor of the China Song dynasty, born on 2 May 1360 and died on August 12, 1424

1489 : Sikandar Lodi (Nizam Khan) is crowned Sultan of Delhi

Sikandar Lodi

1531: Death of Hosokawa Takakuni, the most powerful Japanese military commander in the Muromachi period under Ashikaga Yoshiharu shogun

1708: Amangkurat III, sultan of Mataram, surrenders himself at Surabaya, after receiving a false VOC (Dutch Indies Company) promise of lands and freedom in exchange for surrender

1831: Birth of Xianfeng, eighth emperor of the Chinese Qing dynasty (1850-1861) who died on August 22, 1861

1883: Death of Tu Duc, emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam since 1847, born on September 22, 1829

1929: USSR breaks diplomatic relations with China

1941: Birth of Bharathiraja, Indian film director

1948: Proclamation of the constitution of the Republique of Korea (South Korea)

1958: Birth of Wong Kar Wai, Hong Kong director and screenwriter

1966: Ho Chi Minh orders a partial mobilization of North Vietnam forces to defend against American air strikes

1973: Afghan Premier, Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan, seizes power from his cousin and brother-in-law, the king Zahir Shah  and establishes the Republic with him as president

1973-07-17 Mohammad Daoud

1976: Annexed East Timor becomes the 27th province of Indonesia

1977: Birth of Lehmber Hussainpuri, Famous Indian Singer

1980: Birth of Tokio Sasaki, Japanese actor

1980: Zenko Suzuki becomes the 70th Prime Minister of Japan until November 1982

1984: Birth of Asami Kimura, Japanese singer

1987: Death of Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor, born on December 28, 1934

1996 : M. Karunanidhi, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, announces in the state assembly that the state capital of Madras would from then on be known as Chennai

1998: A violent tsunami hits Papua New Guinea causing more than 2,000 deads

2009: At least nine people have been killed and scores injured in near simultaneous bomb blasts at two luxury hotels in the Indonesia’s capital, Jakarta

2009: Pakistani former prime minister Nawaz Sharif. is found not guilty of « hijacking » then army chief Pervez Musharraf’s plane, by not allowing it to land in October of 1999

2010: Hong Kong passes its first-ever minimum wage law, a rare departure from the wealthy Chinese financial hub’s free-market philosophy

2011: NATO hands over responsibility for security to local forces in the peaceful Afghan province of Bamiyan , in the first step of a gradual transition process due to be completed by 2014 and paving the way for foreign forces to return home

2013: Death of Maj-Gen Sanyahak Phomvihane, a fast-rising star in the ruling communist party in Laos, aged 45

2014: Malaysian jet MH17 is ‘shot down’ over Ukraine killing all 298 people abord

2014: Death of J. Sasikumar, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter, born on October 14, 1928

2014: Heavily-armed Taliban militants attack the Kabul International Airport, firing rockets and occupying two unused buildings before they were gunned down by Afghan security forces

2018: EU, Japan sign deal eliminating nearly all tariffs in one-thirds of world’s trade volume

Holidays and observances

South Korea: Constitution Day

Kyoto, Japan: Gion Matsuri

On 16 July in Asian history

1900-07-16 Russia attack in Mandchuria


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Updated on July 16, 2019

1324: Death of Go-Uda, 91st emperor of Japan (1274-1287), born on December 1267

1683: Chinese Qing dynasty naval force, under Admiral Shi Lang, defeats the Taiwan kingdom of Tungning (founded by Koxinga) in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands

1863: Battle of Shimonoseki Straits a naval engagement by a warship of the US Navy, the USS Wyoming, against the powerful feudal Japanese warlord or daimyo Lord Mori Takachika of the Choshu clan

1863-07-16 Battle of Shimonoseki Strait

1894: The British Treaty of commerce and navigation with Japan, or Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley, is signed in London

1900: Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria

1900-07-16 Russia attack in Mandchuria

1909: Birth of Anura Asaf Ali, social worker and heroine of Indian independence who died on July 29, 1996

Aruna Asaf Ali

1918: Birth of Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor who died on January 27, 1989

1919: Birth of Choi Kyu-ha, prime minister, then shortly president of South Korea (1979-1980) who died on October 22, 2006

1920: China joins the League of Nations

1935: Death of Zheng Zhengqiu, Shanghai screenwriter, director and playwright, born on January 25, 1889

1936: Birth of Yasuo Fukuda, Japanese Prime Minister from September 2007 to September 2008

1945: Draft of constitution for the Republic of Indonesia completed by Sukarno

1948: The storming of the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane, marks the first skyjacking of a commercial plane

1954: French rule ends in Mahe with de facto power being transferred to the people and the Indian flag hoisted.

1960: Soviet Union breaks off with China and calls back all its experts in China while suspending all cooperation agreements

1965: South Vietnamese Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo, an undetected communist spy—was hunted down and killed after being sentenced to death in absentia for a February 1965 coup attempt against Nguyễn Khánh

1970: Birth of Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director

1981: Mahathir Mohamad becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia, replacing Tun Hussein Onn, until October 31, 2003

Mahathir jeune

1984: Birth of Katrina Kaif, Indian actress

1990: The Luzon Earthquake strikes in Benguet, Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Aurora, Bataan, Zambales and Tarlac, Philippines, with an intensity of 7.7 Killing over 1600 people

1999: Hiromi Yanagihara, Japanese singer, dies in a car accident. She was born on October 19, 1979

2001: End of the Indo-Pakistani Agra summit between Indian Vajpayee and Pakistani Musharraf : Failure

2001: Chinese president Jiang Zemin and his Russian counterpart Putin sign a Treaty of Amity, the second one in history

2001-07-16 Traité amitié

2001: For the first time, Aung San Suu Kyi, don’t attend  the Martyrs’ Day ceremony in memory of the assassination of her father in 1947

2004: Brunei sultan announces the restoration of the Legislative Council suspended since 1984

2004: Retired Air Force Gen. Charles W. Sweeney, who piloted the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki dies at age 84

2004: Beginning of the withdrawal of 3,600 US soldiers from South Korea to send them in Iraq

2005: In Taiwan, Ma Ying-jeou, Mayor of Taipei is elected chairman of the KMT, up to February 2007

2005: Death of Prince Yi Gu, born in 1931 and a claimant to the throne of Korea

2009: India said formal peace talks with Pakistan could not resume until those behind last year’s Mumbai attacks were brought to justice

2010: Sri Lankan police have filed a new case against Sarath Fonseka, the former army chief and defeated presidential candidate, for allegedly employing military deserters, according to his political party

2010: The Bangladeshi government has ordered mosques and libraries across the country to remove all books written by a controversial Islamic scholar, Syed Abul Ala Maududi who encouraged « militancy and terrorism ». Mr Maududi – who died in 1979 – is the founder of the Jamaat-e-Islami party

2011: A Chinese bishop ordained without papal approval is excommunicated for accepting his new post. The Rev. Joseph Huang Bingzhang, was ordained as bishop of the Diocese of Shantou by China’s state-run Catholic Church. He is the third bishop to be appointed without papal approval in recent months

2011: U.S. President Barack Obama stress the importance of protecting the human rights of Tibetans in a meeting at the White House with the Dalai Lama

2012: Marking what may be the beginning of a purge of older officials, North Korean military chief Ri Yong-ho has been removed from his post 

2012: In East Timor protesters angry that their party was shut out of the incoming government have thrown stones at officers, burned or destroyed 58 cars and damaged some houses. The protesters are supporters of the Fretilin party, which finished second to Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao’s party in July 7 parliamentary elections

2013: Panama launches a major investigation after drugs agents raided a ship travelling from Cuba to North Korea and discovered “missile components” stashed beneath a cargo of sugar

2015 : Japan’s House of Representatives approves of a package of 11 security bills that would allow its Self-Defense Forces to assist its allies abroad, even if there is no direct threat to Japan, for the first time since the end of World War II

On 15 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 15, 2019

756: While fleeing An Lushan Rebellion, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang is ordered by his Imperial Guards to execute chancellor Yang Guozhong by forcing him to commit suicide or face a mutiny. He permits his consort Yang Guifei to be strangled by his chief eunuch. General An Lushan has other members of the emperor’s family killed

756: Yang Guifei, concubine of emperor Xuanzong and one of the most famous women in China history, is forced to commit suicide

1571: Death of Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, born on May 28, 1514

1613: Birth of Gu Yanwu, Chinese philologist and geographer who died on February 15, 1682–returning-the-gaze-an-experiment-in-reviving-gu-yanwu-1613?rgn=main;view=fulltext

1871: Birth of Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer who died on June 1908

1888: In Japan, the stratovolcano Mount Bandai erupts killing approximately 500 people

1893: Birth of Nurul Amin, a prominent Bengali leader of Pakistan’s Muslim League, Chief Minister of East-Pakistan, Prime Minister and vice-president of Pakistan who died on October 2, 1974

1903: Birth of Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician, who died on October 20, 1975

1904: The first Buddhist temple in the US is established in Los Angeles

1905: Birth of Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, Prime Minister of Pakistan from August 1955 to September 1956, who died on December 2, 1980

1907: Death of Qiu Jin, born on November 8, 1875, a Chinese anti-Qing Empire revolutionary, feminist and writer. Executed after a failed uprising and today considered a hero in China

1914: Birth of  Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries who died on October 9 1999

1917: Birth of Nur Muhammad Taraki, Afghan president killed on September 14, 1979

1922: Foundation of the Japanese Communist Party

1935: Birth of Thilakan, Indian actor, who died on September 24, 2012

1942: The first supply flight from India to China over the «hump» was carried to help China’s war effort

1942: Wenceslao Vinzons, Filipino politician and resistance leader, is bayoneted to death, born on September 28, 1910

1946: Birth of Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei

1946: Assassination of Wen Yiduo, Chinese scholar and poet, born on November 24, 1899

1963: Death of Muhammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan PM (1953-1955), born on August 12, 1909

1966: The United States and South Vietnam begin Operation Hastings to push the North Vietnamese out of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone.

1968: Death of Cai Chusheng, Chinese film director, born on January 12, 1906

1971: A Sino-American communiqué announces the visit of President Nixon to China

1971: The United Red Army is founded in Japan

1974: Birth of Chot Ulep, Filipino musician

1975: The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Provisional Revolutionary Government (South Vietnam communists) ask their admission to the United Nations

1979: Morarji Desai resigns as Indian Prime Minister

1982: Nguyen Co Tach announces the beginning of the first Vietnamese troops withdrawal from Cambodia

1992: Birth of Koharu Kusumi, Japanese singer

1993: First meeting between Nepalese Home minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and his Bhutanese counterpart  Dago Tshring on the refugees question

2001: In Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina resigns as prime minister

2002: Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl

2002: US citizen John Walker Lindh pleads guilty supplying services to Afghanistan’s former Taliban government and for carrying explosives

2010: India’s foreign minister arrives in the Pakistani capital Islamabad to hold talks with his counterpart and resume a tentative cross-border dialogue that was derailed by the 2008 Mumbai attacks

2011: Three U.S. Navy ships are welcomed by former foe Vietnam for joint training, despite China’s irritation following weeks of fiery exchanges between the communist neighbors over disputed areas of the South China Sea

2011: The first batch of departing U.S. soldiers left Afghanistan this week, beginning a drawdown of 10,000 American troops scheduled to leave by year’s end

2012: In Vietnam, more than 10 thousand Catholics marched in different areas of the diocese of Vinh to demand respect for religious freedom against threats and violence of the government. On the eve of the marches, to intimidate the Catholics, the authorities deployed tanks outside the bishop’s residence, with patrols by gangs of thugs and soldiers

2012: Former Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed is charged with illegally ordering the arrest of a senior judge

2012: Death of Yoichi Takabayashi, Japanese director, born on April 29, 1931

2013: In Bangladesh, Deadly clashes erupt after Ghulam Azam, spiritual head of Jamaat-e-Islami, given 90 years over war of independence role

2015: Death of Wan Li, a major Chinese Communist political figure who served as vice premier and who was seen as a liberal voice in the Communist leadership. He was 98.


On 14 July in Asian history

1900-07-14 Prise de Tientsin


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Updated on July 14, 2019

756: Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty China flees the capital Chang’an as An Lushan’s forces advance toward the city during the An Lushan Rebellion

1636 : Aurangzeb is appointed the Viceroy of Deccan by his father and Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

1853: US commodore Matthew Perry lands at Kurihama (Yokosuka) and gives the shogun one letter from USA’s president asking for trade relations

1885: Birth of Laos king Sisavang Vong (1904-1959) who died on October 29, 1950

Sisavang Vong 2

1893: Birth of Garimella Satyanarayana, Indian poet and Freedom fighter who died on December 18, 1952

1897: Birth of Plaek Pibulsonggram, twice prime minister of Thailand  (1938-1944 and 1948-1957), who died on June 11, 1964

1900: During the Boxer Rebellion, the Eight-Power Allied Forces occupy Tianjin

1900-07-14 Prise de Tientsin

1908: In Japan, second government Katsura Taro (up to August 1911)

1920: Birth of Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician who died on February 26,  2004

1937: Birth of Yoshiro Mori, Japanese Prime Minister from April 5, 2000 to April 26, 2001


1943: Birth of Rohana Wijeweera, founder of the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) or People’s Liberation Front, in Sri Lanka, killed on 13 November 1989

1946: Following the independence, Americano-Philippine agreement on US military bases in the Philippines

1950: Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon

1963: Relations between the Soviet Union and China reach the breaking point as the two governments engage in an angry ideological debate about the future of communism

1963: Death of Indian religious leader Swami Shivanand Saraswati, born on September 8, 1887

1964: US military intelligence publicly charges that North Vietnamese regular army are fighting in South Vietnam

1968: Birth of Kazushi Sakuraba, Japanese mixed martial artist/professional wrestler

1975: Death of Madan Mohan, Indian Bollywood film director, born on July 25, 1924

1978: Kampuchea Khmer Rouge Vice Premier Ieng Sary, pays a visit to Bangkok

1984: In a telegram to Khieu Samphan, Prince Sihanouk threatens to resign as chairman of the coalition government of Democratic Kampuchea if Khmer Rouges forces don’t stop its attacks against his National Army

1985: Khmer Rouge announce that a future Cambodia government should be « liberal on economy and parliamentary in politics »

1987: In Taiwan, the martial law in force since 1949 is lift and the family links with Communist China are now authorized

1998: Zhu Lilan, Minister of Technologies, is the first member of Beijing government to go to Taiwan for an international seminar 

2001: First day of a three-day summit in Agra between Indian premier Vajpayee and Pakistani president Musharraf

2001: In Nepal, after the kidnapping of 71 policemen, the Nepali army is send for the first against the communist rebellion. 160 guerrillas are killed

2003: Indonesian Fathur Rahman al-Ghozi, member of Jemaah Islamiyah, who planned deadly attacks in the Philippines, escapes from jail with the complicity of Philippine officers

2004: Giving in to the blackmail of the kidnappers of a Filipino in Irak, Manila starts to withdraw its 51 soldiers in that country

2004: In Cambodia, following an agreement between Funcipec and PPC parties signed on June 30, king Sihanouk reappoints Hun Sen as Premier, putting an end to an 11 months crisis. Hun gets 60 % of the members of the cabinet

2007: North Korea closes its Yongbyon nuclear reactor, but the total end of its nuclear programme has to be discussed

2008: Indonesia is blamed by a joint commission for 1999 violence in East Timor

2017: Anti-Beijing Hong Kong lawmakers disqualified from parliament

2017: ISIL leader in Afghanistan ‘killed in US raid’

On 13 July in Asian history


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Updated on July 13, 2019

716: Death of Rui Zong, Chinese emperor of the Tang Dynasty, born on June 22, 662

815: Chinese Chancellor Wu Yuanheng is assassinated, born in 758

884: Death of Tang Dynasty 10 years long peasant uprising leader Huang Chao

1402: Death of Chinese emperor Jianwen, born on December 5, 1377 and enthroned on June 30, 1398

1660: Battle of Pavan Khind, a rear guard battle that took place in the vicinity of fort Vishalgad, near the city of Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India, between the Maratha sardar Baji Prabhu Deshpande and Siddi Masud of Adilshah

1761: Death of Tokugawa Ieshige, the ninth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, born on January 28, 1712

1830: The General Assembly’s Institution, now the Scottish Church College, one of the pioneering institutions that ushered the Bengal Renaissance, is founded by Alexander Duff and Raja Ram Mohan Roy, in Calcutta, India

1892: Birth of Kesarbai Kerkar, Indian singer who died on September 16, 1977

1905: Birth of Alfredo M. Santos, Filipino military leader who died on February 7, 1990

1905: Gandhi opposes the Bengal Partition (which will be effective in october) and supports boycott of British-made goods

1905-10-16 Bengal partition

1908: Birth of Taiwan painter Lee Shih-chiao who died on July 7, 1995

Lee Shih-chiao

1909: Birth of Souvine Souphanouvong, first president of Laos (1975-1991) who died on January 9, 1995

1911: Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; one reason why Japan will join WWI on the Allies side

1915: Birth of Kaoru Ishikawa Japanese university professor and influential quality author, who died on April 16, 1989

1939: Birth of Prakash Mehra, Indian director and producer who died on May 17, 2009

Prakash Mehra

1950: Birth of Ma Ying-jeou, president of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2008 to 2016

Ma Ying-jeou 5

1953: Beginning of the Kumsong battle, one of the last ones during the Korea War

1954: In Geneva, the US, Great-Britain and France reach an accord on Indochina which divides Vietnam into two countries North and South along the 17th parallel, leading to the 21 July general accord

1968: Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York, a Republican presidential candidate, reveals a four-stage peace plan that, he argues, could end the war in six months if North Vietnam assented to it

1970: Death in Taiwan of warlord Sheng Shicai, governor of Xinjiang from 1933 to 1944 under Soviet Union protection

1976: Birth of Tang Jiali, Chinese dancer and model

1978: Albania drops its diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China

1981: In New York, international conference on Cambodia, boycotted by Vietnam and Soviet Union. China opposes an Asean suggestion for a disarmament of the Khmer Rouge before elections in Cambodia

1989: Birth of Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer

1998: Japanese prime minister Ryutaro Hashimoto resigns after stunning election loss

2003: Salamat Hashim, chairman of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (Milf) is killed by armed forces

2008: Battle of Wanat begins when Taliban & al-Qaeda guerrillas attack US Army & Afghan National Army troops in Afghanistan. The U.S. deaths were, at that time, the most in a single battle since the beginning of operations in 2001

2010: The United States and Laos pledge to step up cooperation after their highest level governmental talks since the end of the Vietnam War in the mid-1970s

2012: Days of heated diplomacy at Southeast Asian talks have ended in failure, as deep splits over China prevented the ASEAN grouping from issuing its customary joint statement for the first time 

2012: Two days after President Obama formally lifted prohibitions on U.S. investment in Burma, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton meets with Burmese President Thein Sein, marking another step in the administration’s rapid normalization

2013: Bhutan’s opposition party People’s Democratic Party storms to power after winning 32 seats out of 47 in nation’s second parliamentary elections

2016: People across the Philippines are celebrating victory after an international court in The Hague ruled China has no historic title over the waters of the South China Sea

2017: Liu Xiaobo, Nobel laureate and political prisoner, dies at 61 in Chinese custody

2018: Xi Jinping meets with Taiwan delegation led by former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT) party Lien Chan