On 27 April in Asian history



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Updated on April 27, 2018

1521: Magellan is killed in the Philippines island of Mindanao, in the Battle of Mactan, by natives led by chief Lapu-Lapu

1565: Cebu is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines

1599: Death of Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, born on January 15, 1538

1625: Death of Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior, born 22nd January 1553

1644: Beijing falls to forces led by rebel Li Zicheng

1848: Birth of Chinese scholar and diplomat Huang Zunxian who died on March 28, 1905

1856: Empress Xiaoqin is promoted to second-class concubine with the title Yifei. This followed her giving birth to the future Tongzhi emperor (1862-1874). Empress Xiaoqin eventually will become the Empress Dowager Ci Xi (1835-1908)

1882:The first civilian governor of Cochin China Le Myre de Vilers deeming the treaty of 1874 as unfulfilled, the French occupy Hanoi

1906: Convention Between Great Britain and China Respecting Tibet. II. The Government of Great Britain engages not to annex Tibetan territory or to interfere in the administration of Tibet. The Government of China also undertakes not to permit any other foreign State to interfere with the territory or internal administration of Tibet

1907: Birth of Amir Sjarifuddin Harahap, also spelled Amir Sjarifoeddin Harahap, socialist politician and one of the Indonesian Republic’s first leaders, executed on December 19, 1948 by Indonesian Republican officers following his involvement in a Communist revolt

1910: Birth of Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek and president of the ROC (Taiwan) from May 1978 to his death on January 13, 1988

1911: In South Africa, Indian passive resistance is suspended when Gen. J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi.

1912: Birth of  Zohra Segal, Indian stage and film actress who died on July 10, 2014

1916: Death of Sheng Xuanhuai important modernist official of the late Qing dynasty, born on November 4, 1844

Sheng Xuanhuai

1945: Admiral Suzuki becomes Japan’s third Prime Minister in a year

1948: Birth of Amrit Bohra, Nepalese politician

1949: The Conference of the Commonwealth decides that India could become a republic without be obliged to quit Commonwealth

1950: Vietnam Emperor Bao Dai appoints Tran Van Huu as head of the government, replacing Nguyen Phan Long

Tran Van Huu

1952: Katay Don Sasorith becomes prime minister of Laos succeeding Souvanna Phouma

1956: In Burma, the United National Front, leftist forces led by Burma Communist Party « White Flag » gets 30 % of the votes and 47 of the 250 seats in the National Assembly

1959: Liu Shaoqi becomes president of the People’s Republic of China, replacing Mao Zedong who stays chairman of the CCP

1959: The last Canadian missionary leaves the People’s Republic of China

1960 : Death of Rajshekhar Basu, popular Bengali writer, born on March 16, 1880

1962: Birth of Choi Min-sik, South Korean actor

1962: Death of A.K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman, born on 26 October 1873

1962: Birth of Im Sang-soo, South Korean film director and screenwriter

1972: Birth of Chinese actress Ning Jing

1975: Saigon is encircled by North Vietnamese troops

1976: Birth of Faisal Saif, Indian director, critic, and writer

1978: In Kabul, a coup is initiated by Hafizullah Amin while he is under house arrest and the People Democratic Party of Afghanistan gains control of the country and thrown out President Sardar Mohammed Daoud who will be killed

1989: The April 27 demonstrations, student-led protests responding to the April 26 Editorial, during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989

1993: Opening of the first »Wang-Koo talks » held in Singapore marking the first official discussions between Beijing and Taipei

1993-04-27 Wang-Koo

1997: Death of Peng Zhen, former mayor of Beijing and chairman of the National People Assembly, born on October 12, 1902

1998: In Japan, foundation of the Democratic Party of Japan by Yukio Hatoyama and Naoto Kan

2001: In Oslo, opening of four-day talks between the Philippine government and the communist guerilla. Next meeting is fixed on June

2005: In China, the standing committee of the National Assembly decides that the successor of the chief executive of Hong Kong, Tung Chee-hwa who have resigned, will just finish his term

2008: Nepal Maoist said they will not play China or India card

2008: Afghan president Hamid Karzai escapes an assassination attempt

2009: Death of Feroz Khan, Bollywood actor and film maker, born on September 25, 1939

2009 : Suicide of Korean actress Woo Seung-yeong, born on May 24, 1983

2011: The Election Commission of the Central Tibetan Administration of the Dalai Lama  declares Dr Lobsang Sangay as the third kalon tripa (prime minister)

2012: One of China’s best-known dissidents, Chen Guangcheng, has escaped from house arrest and has released a video addressed to Premier Wen Jiabao.

2013: Death of Aloysius Jin Luxian, Chinese bishop, born on June 20, 1916

2014: India successfully test-fires an anti-ballistic missile capable of intercepting targets outside the earth’s atmosphere, a major step in development of a missile defence system that is available to only a handful of nations

2014: The United States and the Philippines have reached a 10-year pact that would allow a larger US military presence in this south-east Asian nation as it grapples with increasingly tense territorial disputes with China, White House officials said

2015 : South Korea’s prime minister Lee Wan Koo steps down over bribery scandal



On 26 April in Asian history

1984-04-28 Deng-Reagan in Beijing


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Updated on April 26, 2018

318: Sima Rui ascends the throne as Emperor Yuan of Jin

Sima Rui 2

499: Death of Xiao Wen Di, Chinese emperor, born on October 13, 467

1192: Death of Go-Shirakawa, 77th emperor of Japan, (1155-1158), born on 18 October 1127

1489: Death of Ashikaga Yoshihisa, 9th shogun (1473-1489) of the Ashikaga shogunate, born on 11 October 1465

1655: Dutch West Indies Company denies Peter Stuyvesant’s desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam

1748: Death of Muhammad Shah, the last Mughal emperor since 1719, born on February 2, 1702

1875: Birth of Syngman Rhee, first president of the Republic of Korea

1898: After the United States declared war on Spain the day before, Commodore George Dewey’s squadron calling in the port of Hong Kong is ordered to « capture or destroy the Spanish squadron, » which was based in Manila, Philippines

1910: Birth of Ruan Lingyu, Chinese actress who died on March 8, 1935

1910: Birth of Tomoyuki Tanaka, Japanese film producer and creator of Godzilla, who died on 7 April 1997

1913: In China, Sun Yat-sun, calls for revolt against president Yuan Shi-kai

1917: Birth of I.M. Pei, Chinese-born architect

1920: Death of Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician, born on 22 December 1887

1932: Birth of Israr Ahmed, Pakistani Muslim religious scholar, who died on April 14, 2010

1942: Colliery explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria

1944: Birth of Amien Rais, Indonesian politician

1945: During the World War II, Filipino troops of the 66th Infantry Regiment, Philippine Commonwealth Army, USAFIP-NL and the American troops of the 33rd and 37th Infantry Division, United States Army are liberated in Baguio City

1953 : Birth of Moushumi Chatterjee, Indian film actress

1953: In Korea War, Panmunjong negotiations resume after six months

1954: The Geneva conference , an effort to restore peace in Indochina and Korea begins

1957: Death of Gichin Funakoshi, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo, born on November 10, 1868

1960: President of South Korea Syngman Rhee is forced to resign

1961: Birth of Joan Chen (Chen Chong), Chinese actress

1963: Birth of Li Lianjie (Jet Li) martial art master and actor in Beijing

1966: Birth of Yoshihiro Togashi, Mangaka who created YuYu Hakusho

1969: Death of Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of Aikido, born on 4 December 1883

1975: The final offensive of the Ho Chi Minh campaign to full victory is launched

1980: Students demonstrations in Kabul for four days. Dozens are killed

1984: US president Ronald Reagan lands in China at the start of a six-day state visit, the first by an American president since 1972

1984-04-28 Deng-Reagan in Beijing

1985: Birth of Nam Gyu-ri, South Korean actress

1987: Death of Shankar Singh Raghuwanshi, Indian composer and conductor, born on October 5, 1922

Shankar Singh Raghuvanshi

1989: The People’s Daily publishes an editorial saying the Tian Anmen demonstrators are counter-revolutionary, counter-party and counter-socialist aiming to overthrone the government

1989: Birth of Daesung, Korean singer (Big Bang)

1994: Death of Masutatsu Oyama, founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, born on 27 July 1923

1996: Establishment of the Shanghai Five (China, Russia and three others countries) renamed Shanghai Cooperation Organisation in 2001

1999: Sultan Mizan Abidin is elected king of Malaysia

1999: Death of Man Mohan Adhikari, first Communist Nepalese PM (1994-1995), born in June 1920

2001: Junichiro Koizumi is elected prime minister of Japan, the 11th  Premier in  13 years

Koizumi espoir

2003: Yun Hyon-seok, South Korean poet and author commits suicide at 19

Yun Hyun-seok

2004: Beijing refuses the direct election of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong planned for 2007, and of all the members of the 2008 Legislative Council

2009: Sri Lanka’s ruling coalition sweeps elections to the Western Provincial Council, that includes the capital Colombo. President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s United People Freedom Alliance (UPFA) secures 65 percent of the total votes cast. The United National Party (UNP) led by former prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe came second with 30 percent

2011: A senior al-Qaeda leader, NATO’s second most wanted fighter in the country, was killed in an airstrike in eastern Kunar province, bordering. Abu Hafs al-Najdi, also known as Abdul Ghani, a Saudi Arabian, was killed 12 days ago in Dangam district, an ISAF statement said

2011: Tens of thousands of civilians died in the final phase of Sri Lanka’s civil war – most of them killed in shelling by government forces, a UN panel says. In a report on possible war crimes in the last months of the war in 2009, the panel also says Tamil Tiger rebels used civilians as human shields

2012: The Vatican condemns the participation of « legitimate » bishops in the ordination of state-sanctioned « illegitimate » bishops in China as part of an ongoing dispute.

2012: Cambodian environmental campaigner Chut Wutty is shot dead by police while travelling in a threatened forest region. Mr Wutty had been helping indigenous people organise protests against the exploitation of protected forests.

2012: The U.S. and Japanese governments say that they will move about 9,000 Marines off Okinawa to other bases in the Western Pacific, in a bid to remove a persistent irritant in the relationship between the two allies.

2014: The world’s first museum dedicated to the 1989 pro-democracy protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square is opened in Hong Kong

2014: President Barack Obama becomes the first U.S. president to visit Malaysia in nearly half a century. Obama is the first American leader to set foot in Malaysia since President Lyndon Johnson came here in 1966

2016: Death of Harry Wu, Chinese human rights activist–obituary/

On 25 April in Asian history


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Updated on April 25, 2018

1555: Birth of Naresuan (also called Naret or Sanphet II), king of Siam (1590-1605) who died on April 7, 1605

1644: Chongzhen, born on February 6, 16th and last emperor of the Chinese Ming dynasty (1627-1644), commits suicide by hanging himself

1809: Signature of the treaty of Amritsar, which settles Indo-Sikh relations for a generation, is concluded between Charles T. Metclafe, representation the British East India Company, and Ranjit Singh, head ot the Sikh kingdom of Punjab,%201809).html

1860: The first Japanese diplomats to visit a foreign power reached Washington, DC. They remained in the U.S. capital for several weeks while discussing expansion of trade with the United States

1867: Tokyo is opened to foreign trade

1873: Acehnese force the Dutch to withdraw

1875: Death of Trinley Gyatso, 12th Dalai Lama,.born on January 1857

1882: French troops under the command of Commandant Rivière, storm the citadel of Hanoi in Tonkin

1898: Russia and Japan sign an agreement supposed to put an end to their competition for the control of Korea (non respected)

1932: Creation of the Korean anti-japanese guerrilla army, declared later as the origin of the Korean People’s Army

1935: Mao Zetan (Mao Zelin), the younger of Mao Zedong’s two brothers, born on September 1905, is captured and executed while fighting Kuomintang forces

1940: Warlord Sheng Shicai, dependent on the Soviet Union for military support and trade, concludes an Agreement, granting USSR additional concessions in the whole province of Xinjiang for 50 years, virtually turning Xinjiang under full political and economical control of the USSR

1941: In Cambodia, Norodom Sihanouk, 18 yars old, is enthroned

1941-04-25 sihanouk enthroned

 1947: In Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh, calls for talks with France

1948: Birth of Yu Shyi-kun, former Premier of Taiwan (2002-2005)

1950: The Republic of South Maluku is proclaimed at Ambon

1950: Birth of Apollo Quiboloy, founder and leader of the Philippines-based Restorationist church, the Kingdom of Jesus Christ, who claims that he is the « Appointed Son of God »

1951: During the Korean War, assaulting Chinese forces are forced to withdraw after heavy fighting with UN forces, primarily made up of Australian and Canadian troops, at the Battle of Kapyong.


1951: After a three-day fight against Chinese Communist Forces, the Gloucestershire Regiment is annihilated on « Gloucester Hill, » in Korea

1960: Death in exile at Zurich of Amanullah Khan, king of Aghanistan (1919-1929), born on June 1, 1892

1961: China and Laos established diplomatic relations

1968 : Death of Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Hindustani classical vocalist, born on April 2, 1902

1971: Birth of Tomoko Kawakami, (Voice Actress), Japanese Seiyuu

1972: In the Nguyen Hue offensive, the North-Vietnamese 320th Division forces 5,000 South-Vietnamese troops to retreat and traps about 2,500 others northwest of Kontun

1975: As North-Vietnamese forces close in on South Vietnam capital Saigon, the Australian embassy is closed and evacuated

1976: Birth of Kim Jong Kook, South Korean singer

1977: Visit of Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Van Dong to France, up to 28

1977-04-25 Pham Van Dong Paris

1983: Birth of Joanne Peh, Singaporean actress

1988: Zhu Rongji become mayor of Shanghai, replacing  Jiang Zemin

1989: Birth of Gedhun Choekyi Nyima who will be recognized as the 11th Pachen Lama by the Dalai Lama but refused by Beijing

1992: Islamic forces in Afghanistan took control of most of the capital of Kabul following the collapse of the Communist government

1992: Death of Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese singer-songwriter, born on 29 November 1965

1999: Falungong demonstration in Beijing outside Zhongnanhai

2001: Former Philippine former President Joseph Estrada is arrested

2005: Death Swami Ranganathananda (born Shankaran Kutty), hindu monk who took part in politics in India, born on 15 December 1908

2006: End of the 10th congress of the Communist party of Vietnam (started on April 18)

2009: North Korea has started to extract plutonium from spent fuel rods at a nuclear facility, its foreign ministry says. The announcement comes hours after a UN Security Council committee placed three North Korean companies on a UN blacklist for aiding the country’s missile and nuclear programs

2010: Nearly 100,000 people attend a rally in Japan’s southern island of Okinawa demanding that a US military base be moved off the island. Under a 2006 agreement with the US, the US Marines’ Futenma base was to be moved from the centre to the coast

2011: More than 470 inmates at a prison in southern Afghanistan escapes through a tunnel hundreds of meters long and dug from outside the jail. Officials in the city of Kandahar said many of those who escaped from Sarposa jail were Taliban insurgents

2012: Pakistan successfully conducts a test of an intermediate range ballistic missile. The Hatf-IV Shaheen-1A missile is capable of carrying both nuclear and conventional warheads

2015: A 7.8 magnitude earthquake centered less than 50 miles from Kathmandu rocks Nepal with devastating force, toppling homes, temples and historic buildings and leaving at least 1,457 people dead, authorities said.

2016: Mei Baojiu: China’s renowned Peking opera master dies aged 82


Holidays and observances

Army Day (North Korea)

On 24 April in Asian history

1969-04-24 Lin déclaré successeur


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Updated on April 24, 2018

1185: Battle of Dannoura. Yoshitsune Minamoto fleet beats imperial fleet. Emperor Antoku Taira drowns

1311: General Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India

1926: Death of Sunjong, last Korean emperor (1907-1910), born on 25 March 1874

1929: Birth of Dr. Rajkumar, Kannada language film actor/singer (India), who died on April 12, 2006

1930: Death of Jang In-hwan, Korean independence activist, born on March 30, 1875

1934: Birth of Jayakanthan, Indian journalist and author who died on April 8, 2015

1941: Death of the king of Cambodia Sisowath Monivong

1945: End of the 8th congress of the Communist Party of China asks again for a new coalition government

1945: French paratroopers retake Vientiane from the Japanese

1948: Dutch create state of Pasundan in western Java

1948: In Kobe, Japan, Korean mobs riot in protest against Japanese treatment of Koreans during World War II, and the ambiguous status of Korean residents in Japan

1954: London and Washington repulse for the second time a French request for an US air raid to help Dien-Bien-Phu French garrison in Vietnam

1955: End of the Bandung Conference. 29 non-aligned nations of Asia and Africa condemn colonialism, racism and the Cold War

1959: Nehru meets the Dalai Lama, who a few weeks earlier has taken refuge in India

1965: Incident between India and Pakistan in Kutch region

1965: Indonesian President Suharto orders all foreign-owned enterprises (mostly rubber and palm oil plantations) to be seized by the government)

1967: The Chinese chargé d’Affaires and the Chinese consul in Jakarta are declared «personae non gratae»

1967: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had « gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily. » in Vietnam

1969: In China, end of the 9th congress of the CCP, Lin Biao becomes officially the Mao’s successor

1969-04-24 Lin déclaré successeur

1969: US B-52’s drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary

1970: The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, is launched

1972: Death of Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter, born on May 30, 1892

1972 : Death of Jamini Roy, Indian painter, born on April 11, 1972

Jamini Roy

1993: The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act comes into force, establishing Panchayati Raj system in India

1993: Death of Tran Duc Thao, Vietnamese philosopher, born on September 26, 1917

Tran Duc Thao

2001: In Japan, by 298 votes against 155 for Ryutaro Ashimoto, reformist Junichiro Koizumi is elected chairman of DLP Party

2003: Beginning of joint military operation USA-Philippines against separatist guerillas

2003: Officials of North Korea inform US diplomats that it has nuclear weapons and is making bomb-grade plutonium

2005: Death of Fei Xiaotong, Chinese sociologist, born on 2 November 1910

Fei Xiaotong

2006: After 19 days of demonstrations in which at least 14 demonstrators have been killed, king of Nepal Gyanendra restore the parliament that he dissolved in May 2002

2011: United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon call on Cambodia and Thailand to halt fighting along their disputed jungle border as troops exchanged fire for a third day. At least 10 soldiers have been killed and thousands of civilians forced to flee the area since fighting broke out, shattering a tense two-month ceasefire

2011: Death of Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru, spiritual figure, born on November 26, 1926

2013: Clashes in the unsettled western Chinese region of Xinjiang killed 21 people, including police officers and local officials

2013: A building collapses near Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing 1,129 people and injuring 2,500 others

2015: Leading Pakistani human rights activist Sabeen Mehmud is shot dead in Karachi in a drive-by shooting in Karachi after hosting a talk on allegations of torture in the province of Balochistan


Holidays and observances

Nepal: Democracy Day, commemorating the reinstitution of parliament in 2006

On 23 April in Asian history


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Updated on April 23, 2018

1200: Death of Chinese thinker and writer Zhu Xi, born on October 18, 1130

1794: Birth of Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar, who died on 26 August 1854

1857: In India, objection by sepoys to cartridges coated with animal grease. This offended both Hindus and Muslims, starting the Sepoy Rebellion on May 10

1858: Samurai Li Naosuke is named tairo in Japan. He will be assassinated on March 3, 1860

1875: Birth of Uemura Shoen, important woman artist in Meiji, Taisho and early Showa period Japanese painting who died on August 27, 1947

Uemura Shoen,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_cp.r_qf.,cf.osb&fp=aa5c9127408965cd&biw=1249&bih=569

1927 : Birth of Annapurna Devi, Hindustani classical musician

1930: In British Indian, Qissa Khwani bazaar massacre

1934: Birth of George Canseco, Filipino music composer who, died on November 19, 2004

1938: Bitrh of S. Janaki, Indian singer

1946: Sisavang Vang becomes again king of Laos into the French Commonwealth

Sisavang Vong

1946: Manuel Roxas leading the newly formed Liberal Party, wins the election and will become President of Republic of the Philippines on July 4

1949: Cochin-China assembly votes for unification with Annam and Tonkin as part of the State of Vietnam within the French Union

1949: During the Chinese Civil War, establishment of the People’s Liberation Army Navy

1949: In China, Nanjing is taken by Chinese communists

1950: Chinese Nationalist forces evacuates Hainan Island,5769964&hl=fr

1953: In South Vietnam, the United Front of Hoa-Hao and Binh-Xuyen refuse to submit to Catholic President Ngo Dinh Diem causing fighting in Saigon Cholon

1957: Birth of Kenji Kawai, Japanese composer

1960: Death of Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese Christian-social reformer and writer, born on July 10, 1888

1967: Birth of Kim Hee-ae, South Korean actress

1968: Students protestors at Columbia University in New York take over administration buildings and shut down the university

1970: Birth of Sadao Abe, Japanese actor

1971: During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the Pakistan Army and Razakars (volunteers) massacred approximately 3,000 Hindu emigrants in the Jathibhanga area of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)!/2012/01/hindu-genocide-at-jathibhanga.html

1975: At a speech at Tulane University, President Gerald Ford says the Vietnam War is finished as far as America is concerned

1982 : Important offensive of the Afghan resistance in Khost (Paktia province) up to April 28

1989: Death of Hu Die, Chinese actress, born in 1907

Hu Die

1990: Birth of Dev Patel, British-Indian actor

1992: Than Shwe president of the State Peace and Development Council, replacing Saw Maung

1992: Death of Satyajit Ray, Indian filmmaker, born on 2 May 1921

1992: McDonald’s opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China

1992: Death of Tanka Prasad Acharya former Nepalese Prime Minister, born on 1912

1993: Lalith Athulathmudoli, Sri Lankan minister, and leader of the Democratic United Liberation Front, is murdered by LTTE

2001: President Bush’s administration announces the greatest sail of weapons to Taiwan, including 8 submarines, 4 Kidd destroyers and 12 antisubmarine Orion class planes

2003: In Beijing, first talks between USA and North Korea since the second nuclear crisis

2003: In Indonesia, opening of Abu Bakar Baashir trial for treason. He is accused to be the leader of Al Qaida-linked Jamaah Islamiyah responsible for Bali attack which caused 202 victims

2004: On Sri Lanka, by 110 votes against 109, the coalition of president Kumaratunga loses the function of speaker of the National Assembly for W.J.M. Lokubandara of principal opposition party, UNP

2010: North Korea has said that it has seized five South Korean-owned buildings in a jointly-operated mountain resort amid rising tensions between the two neighbours, criticizing Seoul for suggestions that the North was involved in the sinking of a South Korean warship last month

2011: Thailand strongly rejects accusations it used chemical weapons against Cambodian troops in fighting that killed 10 soldiers and forced thousands of civilians from their homes

2011: An estimated 2,000 people marched in Hong Kong to demand to release of detained Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei

2012: Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar’s pro-democracy leader, and newly elected MPs from her National League for Democracy (NLD) party have refused to attend the opening session of parliament over a dispute regarding the wording of the parliamentary oath

2012: The European Union formally agrees to suspend sanctions against Burma for a year in recognition of « historic changes ». An embargo on arms sales, however, will stay in place

2013: Myanmar pardons dozens of political prisoners, a day after the European Union agreed to end almost all sanctions against the Southeast Asian state

2013: Death of Shamshad Begum, Indian singer, born on April 14, 1919

2013: North Korea renews its demand for recognition as a nuclear power, saying it was a pre-requisite for the start of any dialogue with the United States

2014: US President Barack Obama assures Japan that islands at the centre of its territorial dispute with China are covered by a bilateral defence treaty


ON 22 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history » Updated on April 22, 2017 1395: During the Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Battle of the Terek River: Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde at the Volga. The Golden Horde capital city, Sarai, is razed to the ground and Timur installs a puppet ruler on the Golden Horde throne 1887 : Birth of Mateo Capinpin, Filipino Brigadier General 1912: Tsinghua University, one of mainland China’s leading universities, is founded 1912: Birth of Kaneto Shindo, Japanese director (some sources say February 28), who died on May 29, 2012 1914: Birth of Baldev Raj Chopra, Indian director and producer who died onNovember 5, 2008 1916: Birth of Kanan Devi, Indian actress and singer who died on July 17, 1992 1924: Birth of Nam Duck-woo, South Korean politician, 12th Prime Minister of South Korea (1980-1982) who died on May 18, 2013 1930: The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty, regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding 1930: British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong in Bengal province, British India leaving 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries dead 1940: Rear Adm Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable 1944: US forces invade … Continue reading

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On 21 April in Asian history


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Updated on April 21, 2018

900 AD: The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (the earliest known written document found in what is now the Philippines) : the Honourable Namwaran and his children, Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are granted pardon from all their debts by the Commander and Chief of Tundun, as represented by the Honourable Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pailah. Luzon, Philippines

1521: In the Philippines, Ferdinand Magellan baptisms Cebu island chief Rajah Humabon, his wife Ratu Humanay and 500 of their followers

1526: Babur (Babar or Baber), the ruler of Kabul, leads Mughal forces against the sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, killing him in the Battle of Panipat

1651: Birth of Joseph Vaz, Indian priest and missionary, apostle of Ceylan, who died on January 16, 1711

1701: Death of Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord, born on 28 September 1667

1782: The city of Rattanakosin, now known internationally as Bangkok, is founded on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya River by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama 1) as his new capital

Bangkok 1822

1879: Birth of Raden Ajeng Kartini, Indonesian leading feminist who died on September 17, 1904

R. A. Kartini

1938: Death of Sir Muhammad Iqbal, a Muslim poet, philosopher and politician who introduced the theory of the Two-Nation theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan

1951: U.S. Defense Department announces the appointment of a Military Assistance Advisory Group for Taiwan, on whose recommendation the U.S. resumes direct military aid to the Nationalists

1954: Birth of Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer

1958: Birth of Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist

1959: The 14th Dalai Lama arrives in Mussoorie, India, receiving political sanctuary there

1960: The disagreements between Beijing and Moscow publicly disclosed by some texts published in the Red Flag under the title « Long life Leninism »

1964: Death of Bharathidasan, Indian poet, born on April 29, 1891


1970: On the same day that Soviet Party leader Leonid Brezhnev condemns the anti-Soviet campaign in China, the Beijing People’s Daily publishes an editorial calling for the overthrow of the Soviet government. A joint editorial in three leading Chinese newspapers the next day criticizes the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and attacks the Brezhnev Doctrine

1972: In Pakistan, Martial Law is lifted by President Ali Bhutto. The constitutional rule is restored in the country. Hamoodu-ur-Rehman is sworn in as Chief Justice of Pakistan.

1975: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu resigns and flees to Taiwan

1977: Ziaur Rahman is sworn in as Bangladesh president

1987: The Tamil Tigers are blamed for a car bomb that explodes in the Sri Lanka capital of Colombo, killing 106 people

1989: The day before the Hu Yaobang’s funeral, 100,000 students march on Tiananmen Square, gathering there before the square could be closed off for the funeral

1989: Death od Princess Dukhye (Deokhye) of Korea, born on 25 May 1912

1997: Deve Gowda Indian PM since June 1, 1996 is succeeded by IK Gujral

1997: Death of Diosdado Pangan Macapagal, 9th president of the Philippines (1961-1965) born on 28 September 1910

1999: Agreement between factions to stop violence in East Timor

2003: In Indonesia, seven servicemen, including four officers, are condemned to jail for the murder, in November 2001, of Theys Eluay, chairman of the West Papua’s Papua Presidium Council

2003: In Sri Lanka, LTTE break off negotiations with the government

2006: Death of T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian communist politician, born in 1922

2011: United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights calls on the Kathmandu government to bring Maoist army and militias leaders responsible for crimes against humanity to trial. In 10 years, the conflict claimed more than 12,800 deaths and nearly 100 thousand displaced,-UN-calls-for-justice-for-victims-of-civil-war-21369.html

2011: The US military’s top officer, Adm Mike Mullen, accuses Pakistan’s spy agency of having links with militants targeting troops in Afghanistan. He said Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) had a « long-standing relationship » with a militant group run by Afghan insurgent Jalaluddin Haqqani

2014: A court in Shanghai orders the seizure of a Japanese ship as reparation for a debt dating back to the 1930s. The move is considered the first confiscation of Japanese assets in a lawsuit over wartime compensation

2014: Death of Win Tin, one of the founders of Myanmar’s pro-democracy opposition and the nation’s longest-serving political prisoner

2015 : Japanese maglev train sets new world speed record, hits 603 kph in test run. Bullet train tops 603 kph, with officials confident new technology is likely to shape a new global generation of trains

2016: Laos National Assemby names 78-year-old Bounnhang Vorachit for the nation’s President post while Tongloun Sisoulith, 70, will take on the prime ministerial role


Holidays and observances

Indonesia: Kartini Day

On 20 April in Asian history


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Updated on April 20, 2018

1521: Death of Chinese emperor Zhengde (1505-1521), born on 26 October 1491

1633: Birth of Go-Komyo, 110th emperor of Japan, from 14 November 1643 to 30 October 1654, who died on 30 October 1654

1752: Start of Konbaung–Hanthawaddy War, a new phase in the Burmese Civil War (1740–57)

1870: Birth of Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar, father of Urdu, who died on 16 August 1961

1872: Birth of Zhang Lan Founder of the Chinese Democratic Ligue,in 1941, who died on February 9, 1955

Zhang Lan

1895: Birth of Ghulam Mohammad, Governor General of Pakistan, who died on 12 September 1956

1927: Japan’s Wakatsuki government falls. Baron Tanaka becomes premier

1938: Birth of -famous Taiwanese writer Chiung Yao (Qiong Yao)

1948: Chiang Kai-shek is elected President of the Republic of China by the National Assembly in Nanjing,_1948

1949: During an communist offensive in the Yanzijiang valley, British ships are hit. 44 are killed and 60 wounded

1950: Birth of Chandra Babu Naidu, Indian politician, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

1953: UN and Korea begin prisoners exchange

1959: Birth in Hong Kong of American producer James Wong

1965: People’s Republic of China offers military aid to North Vietnam

1967: Us planes bomb North Vietnam port Haiphong for the first time during Vietnam War

1970: US President Nixon announces that 150,000 soldiers will come back from Vietnam before the end of the year

1970: Death of Shakeel Badayuni, Urdu poet, lyricist and songwriter, born on August 3, 1916

1972: In Burma, General San Yu is appointed commander in chief of Tatmadaw or Armed forces of Burma

1978: Korean Air Flight 902 is shot down by Soviets

1979: Birth of Quinn Weng, Taiwanese singer (Seraphim)

1980: Birth of Arin Paul, Indian Film Director

1986: Death of Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer, born on 31 July 1916

1996: Death of Tran Van Tra, communist Vietnamese general and politician, born in 1918

Tran Van Tra

2001: China removes homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses

2002: In Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian renounces to be a president over the parties and is reelected chairman of th Democratic Progressive Party

2003: In Thailand, by 323 votes vs 16, Banyat Bantadtan, 61, succeeds Chuan Leekpai as president of the Democratic Party, the only one opposition force in the parliament

2005: Death of Fumio Niwa, Japanese novelist, born on 22 November 1904,1068,0,0,1,0

2006: Han Myeong-sook is the first woman to become prime minister in South Korea, till March 7, 2007,-a-Christian-woman-now-prime-minister-5965.html

2007: Death of Michael Fu Tieshan, head of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Church, born on 3 November 1931

2011: The government of Sri Lanka firmly rejects a United Nations report that blames it for war crimes committed during the final phase of the 30-year-old interethnic conflict, which ended in 2009

2012: In Sri Lanka, about 2,000 Buddhists, including monks, march to a mosque and hold a demonstration demanding its demolition, along with a Hindu temple being built in an area designated as a Buddhist sacred zone

2012: Despite U.N. Security Council condemnations, North Korea said it will continue launching satellites under its space program that outsiders see as a pretext to test long-range missiles

2013: The European Union will drop most sanctions against Burma to reward the country’s progress toward democracy, two EU diplomats said

2014: Famous Pakistan TV host Hamid Mir shot by gunmen amid a wave of attacks on journalists in the country

2015: Shots are fired at a car carrying Bangladeshi opposition leader Khaleda Zia when it stopped at a market in Dhaka, with television footage showing scores of people attacking her convoy

2015: Pakistan and China sign 51 Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) relating to diverse aspects of bilateral relations, including the Pakistan China Economic Corridor

2017: China launches its first cargo spacecraft, Tianzhou-1, into space, a crucial step for the country in building a space station by approximately 2022

On 19 April in Asian history

1880-04-19 Battle of Ahmed  Khel


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Updated on April 19, 2018

1451: Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne

1578: Death of Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord, born in February 1530

1623: Death of Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord, born on January 8, 1556

1880: During the Second Afghan War, battle of Ahmed Khel won by the British

1880-04-19 Battle of Ahmed  Khel

1897: Birth of Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist, who died on July 24, 1970

1901: In the Philippines, Aguinaldo’s Proclamation of Formal Surrender to the United States

1927: In China, Hankow (Hankou), communists declare war on Chiang Kai-shek

1928: In China, Japan occupies Shandong

1937: Birth of Joseph Estrada president of the Philippines from July 1998 to January 2001

1948: Burma (now Myanmar) joins the United Nations

1953: Legislative elections in Japan. Yoshida loses absolute majority in the Diet,_1953

1954: Constituent Assembly of Pakistan decides Urdu and Bengali to be national languages of Pakistan

1960: South Korea’s founding president Syngman Rhee is toppled in a nationwide pro-democracy student uprising protesting election fraud

1964: In Laos, rightist military coup. Neutral Souvanna Phuma remains as Premier

1966: Australian troops leave for Vietnam to help the United States, according to a mutual defense agreement signed in 1951

1968: Birth of Arshad Warsi, Indian actor

1971: Vietnam Veterans Against the War, begin a five-day demonstration in Washington DC

1972: Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth

1974: Birth of Akara Amarttayakul, Thai actor

1974: Death of Muhammad Ayub Khan, second president of Pakistan (October 1958-March 1969), born on May 14, 1907

1975: India’s first satellite Aryabhata is launched with aid from the USSR

1977: In South Korea, police carry out nationwide roundup of dissidents

1980: Birth of Dong Jie, Chinese actress

1981: Birth of Napakpapha Nakprasitte, Thai film actress

1984: Birth of Lee Da Hae, South Korean actress

1984: Death of He Zizhen, third wife of Mao Zedong from May 1928 to 1939, born on September 1909

1988: Death of Kwon Ki-ok, the first Korean female aviator, as well as being the first female pilot in China, born in January 1901

1990: Birth of Kim Chiu, Filipino actress

1998: Wang Dan, a leader of 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy protests, is freed by the Chinese government

2001: After a long time hesitation because Beijing pressures, the Japanese government gives a visa to former Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui

2001: Border Incident between India and Bangladesh. 16 Bangladeshi border guards and 2 soldiers are killed

2006: Japan push ahead with a survey near disputed islands of Takeshima (Dokdo for South Korea) over South Korea’s strenuous objections, risking a showdown with Seoul and further damaging relations the tense neighbors

2008: In China, beginning of several days of demonstrations with protestors demanding a boycott of French products after the Olympic torch incident in Paris

2009: South Korea accepts a North Korean proposal to discuss a joint industrial park, setting up the first high-level meeting between the two nations for a year. The meeting is announced amid tensions over Pyongyang’s decision to expel nuclear inspectors and restart the Yongbyon reactor

2012: India successfully testfires its homemade nuclear-capable Agni-V intercontinental ballistic missile, with a range of 5,000 kms, off the coast of the eastern state of Odisha

2012: The ousted ex-president of the Maldives Nasheed calls for the Commonwealth grouping and other countries to impose sanctions on the new regime, which he accuses of deposing him in a coup

2012: Murtaza Razvi, a senior assistant editor and head of magazines at Dawn, is murdered in Karachi

2013: Pakistani police arrest Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad. He was initially placed under house arrest at his home in Islamabad but later transferred to the police headquarters in the city

On 18 April in Asian history

1927-04-18 Foundation Nanjing National Government


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Updated on 18 April 2018

1613: In now Indonesia, Dutch take Solor from Portuguese. Portuguese Dominicans move headquarters to Larantuka, Flores

1504: Birth of Angad Dev, second Sikh guru, who died on April 16, 1552

1858: Birth of Dhondo Keshav Karve, Indian educator and activist who died on November 9, 1962

1859: Execution of Tantya Tope, Indian leading fighter against the British, born in 1814

Tantia Tope

1877: Birth of Vicente Sotto, Filipino patriot and author who died on July 16, 1950

1885: Japan and China sign the good will Tianjin Convention or Li-Ito Convention to avoid conflit on Korea

1896: Birth of Na Hye-sok, Korean poet, feminist writer, painter, educator and journalist, who died on December 10, 1948

1918: Birth of Shinobu Hashimoto, Japanese screenwriter

 1925: Founding of the Korean Communist Party

1927: Chiang Kai-shek establishes the Nanjing National Government

1927-04-18 Foundation Nanjing National Government

1930: Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da

1942: In the Doolittle Raid, for the first time during World War II, an air squadron from the USS Hornet raids the mainland of Japan on Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya

1943: Japanese Navy commander Isoroku Yamamoto is killed as his plane is shot down during the Salomon Islands campaign

1955: Opening of the Afro-Asian Bandung Conference

1958: In Indonesia, government troops re-conquer Padang in central Sumatra, hold by around 800 rebel troops led by Lieutenant-Colonel Hussein

1962: Birth of Poonam Dhillon, Indian actress

1964: Birth of Rithy Panh, Cambodia-born French documentary film director

1969: Birth of Japanese princess Sayako Kuroda

1974: Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore Dry Port

1976: Birth of Fayray, Japanese singer

1977: Birth of Anna Fegi, Filipino singer

1979: Breaking off of negotiations between China and Vietnam which were opened on April 14

1992: In Afghanistan, Abdul Rashid Dostum, leader of the Uzbek-Afghans, revolts against the government of President Najibullah. He will command the principal militia force in Kabul that will oust Najibullah, creating episodes of kidnapping, looting and fighting

1993: President of Pakistan Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolves the National Assembly and dismisses the Cabinet

1999: Death of Philippines born-Chinese general Ye Fei, anti-Japanese war hero

2002: Former King Zahir Shah comes back to Afghanistan after 29 years in exile in Italy

2005: During a two-day visit of the Pakistani president, Indian Premier Manmohan Singh and President Musharraf say that the peace between their two countries is irreversible

2005: In Malaysia, beginning of talks between Muslim separatists of MILF and Philippine government

2006: Opening of the 10th congress of the Communist party of Vietnam (up to April 25)

2007: In Japan, Iccho Itoh, mayor of Nagasaki is assassinated. Born on August 23, 1945,8599,1611401,00.html

2012: Pakistan’s army chief, General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, calls for the demilitarization of the disputed high-altitude Siachen Glacier where thousands of Pakistani and Indian troops have been stationed for decades

2013: Former Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf is placed under house arrest

2016: A Chinese military aircraft publicly lands at a new airport on an artificial island in the South China Sea for the first time, raising the prospect that Beijing could base fighter jets there

2017: Myanmar publisher who criticised establishment is found stabbed to death