On 27 February in Asian history


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Updated on February 27, 2017

907: Yelu Abaoji, a Khitan chieftain, is enthroned as Emperor Taizu (don’t confuse with Taizu of the Song), establishing the Liao Dynasty in northern China

1626: Yuan Chonghuan is appointed governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory  at Ningyuan against the Manchurians under Nurhaci

1712: Death of Bahadur Shah 1, Mughal emperor, born in October 1643

1803: Great fire in Bombay

1858: Birth of Pedro Paterno, Filipino politician, poet and novelist who died on March 11, 1911

1870: The current flag of Japan is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships

1908: Birth of Kazuo Hasegawa, Japanese actor, who died on April 8, 1984

1912: Birth of Kusumagraj, Indian writer who died on March 10, 1999

1929: Birth of Bella Flores, Filipino actress who died on May 19, 2013

1931: Chandrashekhar Azad, Indian heroe born on July 23, 1906, surrunded by police, kills himself

1939: Birth of Kenzo Takada, Japanese fashion designer

1939: Birth of Nguyen Chi Thien, Vietnamese-American poet who died on October 2, 2012

1942: During the Battle of the Java Sea, an allied (ABDA) strike force is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea in the Dutch East Indies

1950: In Taipei, Chiang Kai-shek is elected President of the Republic of China (starting March 1)

1955: Elections in Japan, confirming the defeat of Shigeru Yoshida clique

1957: Mao’s speech « On the correct handling of contradiction among people » launching the « One hundred flowers movement »

1957-02-27 discours

1962: Two pilots bomb the Independence Palace of Vietnam’s president Ngo Dinh Diem. In this action, the first US is killed in Vietnam

1965: Birth of Maggie Siu, Hong Kong actress

1965: In a White Paper, Washington accuses Hanoi of leading against Saigon an aggression so real as the one of an invasion army

1975: Death of Jiao Juyin (焦菊隐), Chinese director, translator, and theater theoris, born on December 11, 1905

1977: Birth of Ji Sung, South Korean actor

1983: Death of Fan Shoukang, Chinese philosopher

1989: Birth of Shota Shimizu, Japanese musician

1991: General election in Bangladesh, won by the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) led by Khaleda Zia

2002: A train carrying Hindu nationalist pilgrims is attacked at Godhra (Gujarat) causing 59 victims. In the following days, violence between Muslims and Hindus will cause more than 1,000 deaths

2004: Death of Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian born in January 1928

2004: A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines worst terrorist attack kills 116

2007: A suicide bomber strikes Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan during a visit by Vice President Dick Cheney, who is rushed to a bomb shelter. Twenty-three people are killed

2007-02-27 Cheney

2009: A monk carrying a Tibetan national flag and shouting slogans sets himself on fire in south-central China and then shot at by police

2010: Death of Nanaji Deshmukh, Indian activist, born on October 11, 1916

2011: A call for protests in more than 20 Chinese cities results in a tiny turnout but an enormous police presence and clashes with foreign journalists

2012: Indonesia’s top court upholds a 15-year jail term against Islamist militant Abu Bakar Bashir for terrorist acts, reversing an earlier decision to slash the sentence to nine years

2012: Death of Ma Jiyuan, Chinese Muslim general and warlord, born on January 18, 1921

2013: More than a hundred leading intellectuals have signed an open letter calling for China’s national legislature to ratify a major human rights treaty as lawmakers are preparing to convene in Beijing next week to attend the inaugural session of the 12th National People’s Congress

2014: Taiwan and China sign agreements on meteorology and earthquake monitoring, in yet another sign of improving ties between the former rivals.

2015: The parents of former Thai princess Thanpuying Srirasm Suwadee are detained under the lese majeste law, the strict defamation rules that protect the royal family

On 26 February in Asian history

1936-02-26 Incident


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Updated on February 26, 2017

1233: During the Mongol–Jin War, the Mongols capture Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin Dynasty, after besieging it for months

1876: Japan and Korea sign a treaty granting Japanese citizens extraterritoriality rights, opening three ports to Japanese trade, and ending Korea’s status as a tributary state of Qing Dynasty China

1887: Birth of Sir Benegal Narsing Rau co-founder of the constitution and a time Indian president of UN Security Council (1950) who died on November 30, 1953

1901: In China, two leaders of the Boxer Revolt, Chi Xiu and Xu Chengyou, are publicly beheaded

1908: Birth of Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer, who died on April 5, 2007

1911: Birth of Taro Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist who died on January 7, 1996

1914: Death of Zhao Bingjun, third Premier of the Republic of China, probably poisoned by Yuan Shikai

1924: Birth of Noboru Takeshita, Japanese PM (1987-89), who died on June 19, 2000

1936: Attempted coup d’état by the ultranationalist Kodo-ha faction of the Imperial Japanese Army in which two formers prime ministers are killed

1936-02-26 Incident

1956: Birth of Keisuke Kuwata, Japanese singer

1958: Death of Japanese painter Yokoyama Taikan, born on November 2, 1868

1965: The first contingent of South Korean troops arrives in Saigon

1966: Death of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter and writer, born in May 1883

1966: The ROK Capital Division of the South Korean Army massacres 380 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam

1968: Allied troops who had recaptured the imperial capital of Hue from the North Vietnamese during the Tet Offensive discover the first mass graves in Hue

1969: Birth of Wang Dan, one of the students leaders in the 1989 Tiananmen Square protest

1969: Birth of Hitoshi Sakimoto, Japanese composer

1973: Opening at Paris of the International Conference on Vietnam

1979: Birth of Ngo Thanh Van, Vietnamese dancer, singer, actress and model

1980: Birth of Alex Fong, Hong Kong singer

1982: Birth of Song Hye Kyo, South Korea’s model and actress

1982: Death of Teinosuke Kinugasa, Japanese film director, born on January 1, 1896

Teinosuke Kinugasa 2

1986: Birth of Crystal Kay, Japanese singer

1988: The tenth and current constitution of the Republic of Korea enters into force . The government under current constitution is called the Sixth Republic and the constitution is valued as the most successful, stable and democratic constitution in the history of the Republic of Korea

1993: World Trade Center bombing terrorises New York

2003: Goh Kun is elected South Korean PM

2004: Death of Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician born on July 14, 1920

2007: Nepal government decides to confiscate and nationalize king Gyanendra assets

 Gyanendra 2001

2008: The New York Philharmonic Orchestra, performs a landmark concert in North Korea

2010: Thailand’s top court finds Thaksin Shinawatra guilty of corruption and rules that 1.4 billion dollars of his fortune, estimated at 2.3 billion, would be seized

2011: Death of Zhu Guangya, one of China’s « two bombs and one satellite » father, born onDecember 25, 1924

2013: Chung Hong-won, nominated as Prime Minister of Korea on February 8, is confirmed by the National Assembly

Chung Hong-Won 2


On 25 February in Asian history


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Updated on February 25, 2017

1398: Birth of Chinese emperor Xuande (1425-1435) who died on January 31, 1435

1553: Suicide of Hirate Masahide, Japanese diplomat and tutor of Oda Nobunaga

1605: Portuguese garrison on Ambon (Now in Indonesia) surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen

1677: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) makes a treaty with Amangkurat I: VOC will help Mataram, VOC territory around Batavia will be extended eastward, VOC may establish a factory anywhere they like without any restrictions on exports or imports

1682: Death of Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, 5th Dalai Lama, born in 1617

1715: Death of Pu Songling, Chinese writer, born on June 5, 1640

1850: Death of Emperor Daoguang (1820-1850), born in September 1782

1875: Guangxu Emperor of China begins his reign, under Empress Dowager Cixi’s regency

1877: Birth of Jung Bahadur Rana, Nepalese Prime Minister and de facto ruler of Nepal, born on June 18, 1816

1885: Birth of Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke, Ranee of Sarawak who died on November 11, 1971

1894: Birth of Meher Baba, Indian guru who died on January 31, 1969

1910: The 13th Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso flees Tibet from Chinese troop to British-Indies

1920: Birth of Sun Myung Moon, South Korean religious leader, founded the Unification Church who died on September 3, 2012

1921: The Living Buddha, Khutuktu, is crowned king of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China

1925: Diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union are established

1926: In China, the Kuo Min Tang (Guomindang) declares war on warlords

1943: Vietminh forms Indochinese Democratic Front

1945: Birth of Toshikatsu Matsuoka, Japanese politician who committed suicide on May 28, 2007

1948: Birth of Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor

1953: Birth of Kim Yeong-cheol, South Korean actor

1957: Nobosuke Kishi, president of the Liberal Democratic Party  becomes Japanese Prime Minister (up to July 19, 1960)

1962: India Congress Party wins élections for the third time

1964: North Korean Prime Minister Kim Il-sung calls for the removal of feudalistic land ownership aimed at turning all cooperative farms into state-run ones

1964: Death of Mariano Jesus Cuenco, a Filipino Cebuano politician and writer, born on January 16, 1888

1965: Birth of Maricel Soriano, Filipina actress

1968: Sonia Maino marries Rajiv Gandhi

1968: During the Vietnam War, 135 unarmed citizens of Ha My village in South Vietnam’s Qu?ng Nam Province are killed and buried in mass by South Korean troops in what would come to be known as the Ha My massacre

1970: Birth of Teresa Lee, Hong Kong actress

1971: In his second annual State of the World address to Congress, Nixon states « The United States is prepared to see the People’s Republic of China play a constructive role in the family of nations. » It is the first time the president refers to the P.R.C. by its formal name

1974: Birth of Divya Bharti, Indian actress, who died on April 5, 1993

1977: Birth of Kim Hee Sun, Korean actress

1981: Birth of Shahid Kapoor, Indian actor

1982: Ven. Thich Quang Do and Thich Huyen Quang, the two most prominent figures of the « recalcitrant opposition UBCV. » are arrested and exiled to separate locations

1982: Birth of Han Ga-in, South Korean actress

1986: Ferdinand Marcos flees to Hawaii. Cory Aquino sworn in as president of the Philippines up to June 1992

1988: Roh Tae-woo becomes the 6th president of South Korea, up to 1993

1989: US president George H. W. Bush (former US representative in China in the 70s) arrives in Beijing

1989-02-25 Bush in Beijing

1992: In China, the “Law on Territorial Waters and Their Contiguous Areas”  is adopted by the National People’s Assembly that includes all South China Sea in Chinese territory

1993: Death of Mary Walter, Filipino actress, born on September 10, 1912

1993: Kim Young-sam is sworn as first civilian president of South Korea for 23 years (up to 1998)

1993-03-25 Kim Young Sam sworn in

1996: Death of Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian-born actor, born on March 22, 1940

1998: Kim Dae-jung is sworn in as president of  South Korea

2003: M. Roh Moo-hyun becomes president of South Korea

2008: New South Korean president, Lee Myung-bak is sworn in

2008: Death of  Hans Raj Khanna, Judge of the Supreme Court of India, born on July 3, 1912

2009: A mutiny by paramilitary border security forces erupts in a daylong gunbattle in Dakha,posing the biggest test yet to a newly elected government trying to reestablish civilian control after two years of army-backed emergency rule

2010: India and Pakistan have concluded their first direct talks in over a year, agreeing to « stay in touch » but making little progress on a number of sticking points

2011: China eliminates capital punishment for some economic crimes, as it moved to curb use of the death penalty in a country believed to execute more people than the rest of the world combined

2012: Thailand’s parliament votes to pave the way for a rewrite of the military-backed 2007 constitution. After a two-day debate, both houses voted to permit a redrafting of the charter written after the September 2006 coup toppled former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra

2012: NATO pulled all its staff out of Afghan government ministries after two US military advisors were shot dead in the interior ministry, as anti-US protests raged for a fifth day

2013: Park Geun-hye made history becoming South Korea’s first female president, pledging to secure South Korea against the threat of an increasingly hostile North Korea at the same time as mending bridges with Pyongyang

2014: Sri Lanka rejects a call by U.N. human rights chief Navi Pillay for an international inquiry into alleged war crimes committed during the country’s civil war, saying it reflects a “preconceived, politicized and prejudicial agenda” against the island nation.

2015: Death of Aloysius. Vincent, Indian director and cinematographer, born on June 14, 1928

2015: A Bangladeshi court has issued an arrest warrant for opposition leader Khaleda Zia for failing to attend hearings for graft charges, amid growing political turmoil in the country

2016: The United States and China reach an agreement on a new United Nations Security Council draft resolution aimed at punishing North Korea in the wake of its recent nuclear test and for violating previous résolutions


Holidays and observances

Philippines People Power Day

Inauguration day of South Korean President, every 5 years from 1988

On 24 February in Asian history


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Updated on February 24, 2017

1103: Birth of Toba, the 74th Japanese emperor (1107-1123) who died in July 1156

1568: Akbar orders the massacre of 30,000 plus unarmed captive Hindu peasants after the fall of Chitod

1739: In the Battle of Karnal, the Iranian army defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah

1767: Birth of Buddha Loetla Nabhalai (Rama II), Thai king who died on July 21, 1824

1786: Charles Cornwallis is appointed governor-general of India

1822: The 1st Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad is inaugurated,_Ahmedabad

1826: The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War

1861: Battle of Ky Hoa (24 and 25 February), important French victory in the Cochinchina campaign (1858–62). The war concluded with the establishment of the French colony of Cochinchina

 1881: China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty

1888: Birth of Filipino General Vicente Lim, executed by the Japanese on December 31, 1944

1911: Japan and the US conclude a treaty that continues restrictions on Japanese laborers

1916: The Governor-General of Korea establishes a clinic called Jahyewon in Sorokdo to segregate Hansen’s disease patients.

1924 : Mahatma Gandhi is released from jail

1933: League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria. Refusing to leave,  Japan withdraws from League of Nations

1935: Qu Qiubai, a pro Soviet Chinese communist leader is captured by the Kuomintang forces. He will be sentenced to death one year later

1939 : Birth of Joy Mukherjee, Indian actor and director, who died on May 9, 2012

1942: An order-in-council passed under the Defence of Canada Regulations of the War Measures Act gives the Canadian federal government the power to intern all « persons of Japanese racial origin »

1942 : Birth of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Indian theorist and philosopher

1944: Maj. Gen. Frank Merrill’s guerrilla force, nicknamed « Merrill’s Marauders, » begin a campaign in northern Burma

1947: Birth of Adam Cheng, Hong Kong actor

1948: Birth of Jayaram Jayalalithaa, Indian politician of Tamil Nadu who died on December 5, 2016

1950: An American mission in Indochina is set up

1962: Death of Hu Shi, Chinese philosopher and writer, born on December 17, 1891

1962: Beijing warns that U.S. military action in South Vietnam is « a direct threat » to North Vietnam, and therefore « seriously affects the security of China and the peace of Asia”

1962: General mobilization in Indonesia over New-Guinea

1967: Death of Mir Osman Ali Khan, last nizam (ruler) of Hyderabad (1911-1948), born in April 1886

1968: During the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive is halted as South Vietnam forces recapture Hué

1971: The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, is killed 3 days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar is appointed as the new chairman

1975: King Birendra of Nepal coronation ceremony held in Kathmandu


1975-02-24 Birendra coronation

1978: Birth of Shinya, Japanese musician (Dir en grey)

1983: A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II.

1987: Birth of Chieko Kawabe, Japanese singer, model and actress

1989: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie

1997: The Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, who died on 19 February is cremated,3628888

1997-02-24 Deng cremated

1998: Khamtay Siphandone is elected President of Laos (up to 2006)

2005: After losing legislative elections, Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian signs an agreement with James Soong in which he renounces to his principal anti-China objectives

2006: Afraid of a possible coup d’état on the 20th anniversary of the fall of Ferdinand Marcos, President  M. G. Arroyo proclaims the state of emergency. Around 15 officers are arrested on complot charge

2009: Sri Lankan soldiers enter the last rebel-held town in the country’s north, Puthukudiyiruppu

2011: Death of Anant Pai, Indian educationalist and creator of comics, born on September 17, 1929

2011: French Economy Minister Christine Lagarde starts a two-day visit to Indonesia, the first by a French minister since 1997 when authoritarian ruler Suharto was in power

2013: Afghan President Hamid Karzai orders all U.S. Special Forces to leave a strategically important province in two weeks, alleging that they have been involved in the torture and murder of “innocent people.”

2014: Top Pakistan Taliban commander Asmatullah Shaheen ‘shot dead’. He was ambushed as he drove through a village near Miranshah in North Waziristan

2015: Thailand’s anti-graft agency indicts 250 former lawmakers, a member of the body said, in a ruling that will further erode the influence of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra

2015: Death of Tyzen Hsiao, Taiwanese pianist, composer, and conductor, born on January 1, 1938

2015: India’s ruling Hindu nationalist party will for the first time govern the country’s only Muslim-majority state of Kashmir under a power-sharing deal with another party

On 23 February in Asian history


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Updated on February 23, 2017

1100: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhezong, born in January 1076

1464: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhengtong (1435-1449) and again from 1457 to 1464 under the name of Tianshen, born on November 29, 1427

1568: Almost four months after the siege of Chitod Fortress (Rajasthan) , a musket shot fired from the Mughal army of Akbar kills Jai Mal, the leader of the Rajputs. The fort will surrender the following day

1646: Birth of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, 5th shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty

1768: In India, by the treaty of Masulipatam agreement, Hyderabad submits to British control

1852: Birth of Dục Đức, Vietnamese emperor during three days and who was executed on October 6, 1883

1883 Duc Duc

1865: Death by ritual suicide of Yamanami Keisuke, Japanese samurai, born in 1833

Yamanami Keisuke

1872: Birth of Hiragushi Denchu, Japanese sculptor who died on December 30, 1979

1873: Birth of Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar, who died on January 19, 1929

1885: During the Sino-French War, French Army captures Dong Dang

1904: Japan forces the Korean authorities to sign the « Korea-Japanese Agreement Letter » This letter permits Japan to use any facilities, at any time, on the Korean peninsula, to further its war strategies

1907: Birth of Lee Hyo-seok, South Korean author and poet who died on May 25, 1942

Lee Hyo-seok

1923: Birth of Vietnamese General Nguyen Chanh Thi, who died on June 23, 2007

Nguyen Chanh Thi

1933: Japan starts invasion of China, north of the Great Wall

1942: A Japanese submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California

1944: End of the Battle od Eniwetok Atoll

1945: US Flag is rised on Iwo Jama

1945: US Forces, under general Mac Arthur, enter in Manila (Philippines), starting a devastating intramurros battle

1945: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp

1946: General Tomoyuki Yamashita, born on November 8, 1885, « The Tiger of Malaya » is hanged

1951: Death of Chinese famous educator Zhang Boling, born on April 5, 1876

1952: The cabinet of Premier Sukiman Wirjosandjojo resigns in protest against the Indonesian foreign minister secretly accepted Mutual Security Aid offer from the United States

1953: Birth of Kenny Bee, Hong Kong singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1955: Conference of Bangkok establishing the South East AsiaTreaty Organization (Seato)

1960: Birth of Crown Prince Naruhito,_Crown_Prince_of_Japan

1969: Death of Madhubala, Indian actress, from illness, born on February 14, 1933

1971: Birth of Jeong Chan, South Korean actor

1976: First summit of the five heads of state or of government of Asean countries in Bali

1982: Birth of Karan Singh Grover, Indian actor

1983: Birth of Aziz Ansari, Indian American comedian

1986: Birth of Kazuya Kamenashi, Japanese idol

1991: In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d’état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan

Sunthorn Kongsompong

2004: In Beijing, second round of talks in the Six-countries Conference (Koreas, China, Japan, USA, Russia) trying to put an end to the nuclear crisis in North Korea). No agreement reached

2004: Death of Vijay Anand, Indian film director, born on January 22, 1034

2004: Death of Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (India), born on August 24, 1918

2010: Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court refuses to order the release of detained opposition leader and former army chief Sarath Fonseka

2011 : Death of Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader who founded Sahaja Yoga

2012: Envoys from the United States and North Korea meet in Beijing for their first talks on dismantling Pyongyang’s nuclear programme since the death of Kim Jong-il

2012: Former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo pleads not guilty to an electoral fraud charge at the opening of a landmark trial

2013: Death of Lotika Sarkar, Indian feminist lawyer and academic, born on January 4, 1923

2015: Japan’s crown prince warns of the need to remember World War II « correctly », in a rare foray into an ideological debate as nationalist politicians seek to downplay the country’s historic crimes




Holidays and observances

National Day of Brunei

On 22 February in Asian history


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Updated on February 22, 2017

705: Wu Zetian (81), the only one Chinese empress, since October 16, 690, is forced to transfer the throne, restoring the Tang dynasty

1784: The ship called the Empress of China, the first U.S. merchant vessel to trade with China, sets sail from New York

Empress of China (ship)

1799: Infaming Qing dynasty Chinese official at court, Heshen, born on May 30, 1750, is forced to commit suicide

1836 : Birth of Mahesh Chandra, Indian scholar and reformer, who died on April 12, 1906

1898: Death of Heungseon Daewongun, Korean regent, born on December 21, 1820

1899: Filipino forces led by General Antonio Luna launch counterattacks for the first time against the American forces during the Philippine–American War. The Filipinos fail to regain Manila from the Americans

1906: Birth of Humayun Kabir, Indian poet, educationist and politician, who died on August 18, 1969

Humayun Kabir

1927: Shanghai workers hold a second armed uprising

1929: Birth of James Hong, Chinese-American actor

1940: Five-year old Tenzin Gyatso is enthroned as the 14h Dalai Lama in Lhasa, Tibet–Dalai-Lama.htm

1942: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders general Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defense collapses

1944: Death of Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi, born in April 1869

1945: British troops take Ramree Island, Burma

1950: Indonesian forces defeat the guerrilla movement, Darum Islam, running the Muslim forces from West Java

1955: Representatives of the Cao Dai, Hoa Hao, Dan Xa, Lien Minh and Binh Xuyen confessional forces (sects) meet at Tay Ninh and agree to form a « United Front » against Vietnam’s Catholic Prime Minister Diem

1957: An assailant fires a shot at President Diem as he arrives on foot for the inauguration of the Ban Me Thuot Economic Fair. The shot misses Diem but seriously wounds the Secretary of Agrarian Reform

Ngo Dinh Diem

1958: Indonesian air force bombs Padang, Sumatra and Menado, Celebes

1958: Death of Abul Kalam Azad, Indian independence movement leader, born on November 11, 1888

1961: Birth of Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist

1967: In Indonesia, Suharto takes full power

1967: 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launche Operation Junction City, offensive to smash Viet Cong stronghold near Cambodian border

1971: Birth of Lea Salonga, Filipina actress and singer

1973: Sino-US Communiqué announcing the opening of Liaison Offices in Beijing and Washington

1974: Pakistan and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) recognize the independence of Bangladesh

1979: Birth of Lee Na-young, South Korean actress

1980: Afghanistan declares martial law

1980: Birth of Kang Sung Hoon, South Korean singer

1982: Death of Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan, born on December 5, 1898

1985: Opening of the trial of general Fabian Ver, chief the Philippine armed forces, and of 24 servicemen accused of the murder of the opposition leader Begnino Aquino (verdict on 2 December)

1986: In the Philippines, the People Power Revolution is triggered after two key Marcos allies, Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Armed Forces Vice-Chief of Staff Fidel Ramos called on Marcos to resign and holed up in two military camps in Quezon City

1987: Birth of Han Hyo-joo, South Korean actress and model

1989: Death of Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, president of the Timorese Democratic Union, born on May 19, 1938

Moises da Costa Amaral

2002: Unlimited ceasefire between Sri-Lankan government and Tamil separatists with the help of Norway

2005: During negotiations at Helsinski, Aceh rebels renounce to their independence claim for the province

2005: South Korean actress Lee Eun-ju commits suicide at 25

2006: At Geneva, resumption for the first time in three years of the negotiation between Sri Lankan government and Tamil LTTE

2006: Joseph Zen, 70 years, bishop of Hong Kong is elevated cardinal

2008: United Nations extends East Timor mission for one year

2009: Death of Cardinal Paul Joseph Pham Dinh Tung, archbishop of Hanoi, born on June 15, 1919

2011: Japan’s governing party suspends its scandal-tainted political kingmaker Ichiro  Ichiro Ozawa, a shadowy political figure who once led the party, indicted in a political financing case

2011: Thailand and Cambodia agree to accept Indonesian observers and avoid further clashes over a border dispute that has claimed at least 10 lives and displaced thousands.

2011: An Indian court has found 31 people guilty of the 2002 Godhra train burning, which killed 59 Hindu pilgrims and sparked religious violence that left 2,000 people dead

2012: China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has lodged an official complaint to Japan after a politician claimed the Nanjing Massacre never occurred

2012: Death of Sukhbir, Indian author and poet, born on July 9, 1925

2015: Police in the Maldives arrest opposition leader and ex-President Mohamed Nasheed on terror charges

2015: In Malaysia, police arrest PKR Youth chief Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad for joining a rally in support of jailed Opposition Leader Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim that saw two activists detained

2015: Japan urges South Korea again to return disputed islets, one of the issues which have soured ties between the two US allies. Seoul controls the islands which it calls Dokdo. They are known in Japan as Takeshima

On 21 February in Asian history

1972-02-21 Nixon arrive en Chine


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Updated on February 21, 2017

1184: In Japan, Minamoto no Yoshinaka is killed during the Battle of Awazu


1795: The Dutch give up Ceylon to the British

1846: Death of the 120th Japanese emperor Ninko (1817-1846), born on 16 March 1800

1849: In India, the British defeat the Sikhs at Gujrat

1853: Birth of Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo, Filipino painter who died on March 13, 1913

Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo

1875: The murder of the British diplomat and explorer Augustus Raymond Margary cause a crisis between China and The United Kingdom. The “Margary Affair” will end with the Chefoo Convention signed on August 21, 1876

1878: Birth of The Mother (Mirra Alfassa), Indian spiritual leader who died on November 17, 1973

1887: Birth of Japanese General Korechika Anami, who committed suicide on August 15, 1945

1896: Birth of Suryakant Tripathi, Indian Poet, who died on October 15, 1961

1914: White Wolf Bandits troops attack Zhanjiang China

1914: Birth of Park Su-geun, South Korean painter who died on May 6, 1965

Park Su-geun

1945: Japanese kamikaze planes sink escort carrier Bismarck Sea and damage the Saratoga

1949: In Indonesia, Tan Malaka, nationalist and communist leader, is captured and executed by a TNI commander after a Dutch contingent attacks the town where he was staying

1950: Bloody riots in West Bengal (India)

1951: In China, a law to punish the counter-revolutionaries leads to a one year terror campaign causing more than one million people killed

1952: Nehru’s Congress party wins general election in India’s-first-general-election-in-1952

1952: In Dhaka, East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) police opens fire on a procession of students demanding the establishment of Bengali as the official language, killing four peoples and starting a country-wide protest which led to the recognition of Bengali as one of the national language of Pakistan

1957: Sukarno formally proposes « guided democracy » in a speech

1965: In South Vietnam, the Armed Forces Council dismissed General Khanh as chairman and as commander of the armed forces. General Lam Van Phat replaces him. The next day, Khanh announces that he had accepted the council’s decision, after which he was appointed a « roving ambassador, » assigned first to go to the United Nations

1970: Communist Pathet Lao guerilla seizes  Xieng Khuang and Muong Suy in central Laos

1970: Kissinger begins secret talks with North Vietnamese negotiator Le Duc Tho

1973 Paris-Peace negot

1972: Birth of Seo Taiji, Korean musician

1972: US president Richard Nixon starts his historical visit to China (up to February 28)

1972-02-21 Nixon arrive en Chine

1972: Death of Zhang Guohua, Chinese general and politician, born in October 1914

1973: Birth of Bowie Tsang, Taiwanese singer

1973: A ceasefire is signed for Laos

1976: Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, at China’s invitation, for a nine-day visit, during which he will meet with Mao Zedong on February 24. The visit is a clear demonstration of China’s disenchantment with President Ford.

1976-02-24 Mao Nixon

1978: Birth of Kim Ha-neul, South Korean actress

1978: Birth of Park Eun-hye, South Korean actress

1980: Birth of Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck, 5th king of Bhutan since December 2006

1981: Birth of Jun Kaname, Japanese actor

1983: Marshal Ye Jianying, 85, is forced by Deng Xiaoping to resign as chief of State of China

1991: Death of Nutan Behl, Indian actress, born on June 4, 1936

1999: India’s Prime Minister Atal Bihair Vajpayee concluded two days of meeting with Pakistan’s Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif. Declaration of Lahore

2001: China publishes a new White Paper on Taiwan threatening of a military intervention

2002: First official visit of US president George W. Bush in China

2007: According to a United Nations representative investigating on 887 political killings in the Philippines, the military is involved in the killing of 356 leftist personalities

2010: Albader Parad, one of the Philippines’s most wanted Abu Sayyaf leaders, is killed in fighting with the military in the country’s south

2013: Japan carries out three executions – the first since the country’s conservative prime  minister, Shinzo Abe, was elected last December, and a sign that Tokyo will defy international pressure to abolish the death penalty

2013: Twin bomb blasts kill 17 people in Hyderabad

2014: Obama hosts Dalai Lama at White House. The US leader vowed « strong support » for the protection of Tibetans’ human rights in China during the encounter

2015: Indonesia recalls its new ambassador to Brazil after the South American country postponed a ceremony sealing his appointment, Jakarta said on Saturday, amid a row over the execution of a Brazilian national for drugs trafficking


Holidays and observances

Bangladesh: Language Movement Day

On 20 February in Asian history

1947-02-20 mountbatten_installation_as_viceroy


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Updated on February 20, 2017

1707: Death of Aurangzeb, Mogul emperor of India, born in 1618

1846: An imperial edict says again, under some restrictions, that catholic activities are authorized in China

1862: Death of Francisco Baltazar, Filipino poet, born on April 2, 1788

1883: Birth of Shiga Naoya, Japan, novelist (Road Through the Dark Night), who died on October 21, 1971

1886: Birth of Takuboku Ishikawa, Japanese poet, who died on April 13, 1912

1913: Coronation of Nepal king Tribhuvan

1919: Murder of Habib Ullah Khan, emir of Afghanistan (1901-1919), at 46

1928: In Tokyo, first election with universal suffrage,+first+election+with+universal+suffrage&source=bl&ots=OnHBvcZ4_9&sig=wrgSkC9ipyVyYf9sSBZr3U3InB4&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=-zPmVMv3Bcn-UreOgJgJ&ved=0CFQQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=In%20Tokyo%2C%20first%20election%20with%20universal%20suffrage&f=false

1929: Birth of Toshiro Mayuzumi Yokohama, Japanese composer (Sphenogramme) who died on April 10, 1997

1932: Birth of Adrian E Cristobal, Filipino writer who died on December 22, 2007

1932 Japanese troops occupy Tunhua (Dunhua), Jilin province in China

1933: Death in jail of communist Japanese writer Kobayashi Takiji

1941: Birth of Lim Kit Siang, Malaysian lawyer and politician, chairman of the Democratic Action Party

1942: Japanese troop land on Timor

1945: Birth of Annu Kapoor, Indian actor

1947: Lord Mountbatten becomes Viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence

1947-02-20 mountbatten_installation_as_viceroy

1947: Ho Chi Minh sends a letter – via the British Consul – to the French President appealing for peace. He writes « …we want our unity and our independence within the French Union; we want, a just peace which will do honor both to France and to Vietnam »

1950: Birth of Ken Shimura, Japanese actor

1976: The South-East Association Treaty Organization (SEATO) is disbanded

1983: Hundreds die in Assam poll violence

1987: Arunachal Pradesh (former NEFA), disputed with China, gets the status of state of India

1988: Birth of Jiah Khan, Indian actress

1996: Death of Toru Takemitsu, Japanese composer, born on October 8, 1930

2003: For the first time since 1982, a North Korean airplane overflies the South air space on Yellow Sea

2003: Death of Mushaf Ali Mir, Pakistani Chief of the Air Staff, in an air crash, born on March 5,1947×59589

2006: In South Korea the United Liberal Democrats, the three top political parties was merged into Grand National Party

2007: Zilla Huma Usman, a minister and an activist for women emancipation in Pakistan is assassinated. She was born on September 16, 1971

2009: Two Tamil Tiger planes bomb the Sri Lankan capital, but one of them is shot down as it flew back towards the country’s north

2010: Death of Basavaraju Venkata Padmanabha Rao, Indian actor, born August 20, 1931

2012: Death of S. N. Lakshmi, Indian actress, born in 1927

2013: Saudi Arabia has recalled its ambassador from Colombo in a tit-for-tat decision amid tensions after a Sri Lankan nanny convicted of murder was beheaded in the kingdom, the official SPA news agency reported.

2014: Families torn apart for more than 60 years — separated by the Korean War — begin to reunite at a mountain resort in North Korea

2014: Death of Reghu Kumar, Indian composer, born on July 13, 1953

2014: India’s top court blocks the release of three of former premier Rajiv Gandhi’s killers after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh denounced their freeing as against all principles of justice

2015: Death of Govind Pansare, Indian author and communist activist, four days after a gun attack, born in 1933

On 19 February in Asian history


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Updated on February 19, 2017

1184: In Japan, during the Genpei wars, Second battle of Uji

1630: Birth of Shivaji Bhosle, founder of the Maratha Empire (India) in 1674 and died on April 3, 1680

1709: Death of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, 5th shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty, born onFebruary 23, 1646

1862: Saint Lucy Yi Zhenmei (one of Martyrs of Guizhou) is beheaded, born on December 19, 1815

1886: Birth of Jose Abad Santos, Philippine national hero, executed by the Japanese on May 2, 1942

1888: Birth of Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines, who died on August 1, 1949

1915: Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, leader of the Indian Independence Movement, born on 9 May 1866

1927: At the Communist Party initiative, several Thousands of -Shanghai workers stage a general strike

1930: Birth of K Viswanath, South Indian film director


1938: Birth of Choekyi Gyaltsen, 10th Panchen Lama, who died on January 28, 1989,_10th_Panchen_Lama

1942: Japanese troop land on Timor

1942: Nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian northern city of Darwin, killing 243 people

1942: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to Japanese internment camps

1945: Start of the offensive against Japanese on Iwo-Jima (Volcano Archipelao)

1945: 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma

1946: Birth of Hiroshi Fujioka, Japanese actor

1948: The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence convenes in Calcutta

1949: Mass arrest of Communists in India

1951: Birth of Tahir-ul-Qadri, Pakistani Islamic scholar

1952: French offensive at Hanoi

1952: Birth of Ryu Murakami, Japanese writer

1955: South-East Asia collective Defense Treaty (SEATO), signed in September 1954,  goes into effects

1958: Beijing and Pyongyang announce the withdrawal of all the Chine troops from North Korea before the end of the year

1960: China successfully launches the T-7, its first sounding rocket

1961: Albania disavows Chinese « Revisionism »

1964: Birth of Sonu Walia, Indian actress

1965: Dissident officers move several battalions of troops into Saigon with the intention of ousting Gen. Nguyen Khanh from leadership. General Khanh escaped to Dalat with the aid of Air Vice Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky

1972: The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan

1986: Akkaraipattu massacre, massacre of 80 Tamil farm workers by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern province of Sri Lanka

1989: Second informal Jakarta meeting between all the Cambodian factions

1994: Phoolan Devi, popularly named the « Bandit Queen », is released from an Indian jail

1997: Death of Deng Xiaoping, leader of China since December 1978, born on August 22, 1908

1999: Indian PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee inaugurate the Delhi-Lahore bus line going to an historic summit with his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif


2001: General Tin Oo, number four in the Burmese military junta is killed in an helicopter crash

2005: United States and Japan say that stability in the Taiwan Strait is one in their strategic target

2008: Death of veteran Hong Kong actress Lydia Sum, born in Shanghai on July 21, 1945

2013: Nepal’s major political parties agree to form an interim government led by a supreme court chief justice, and to hold elections in June, in an attempt to end the deadlock that has left the nation without a fully functioning government since last year

2013: Death, in a car accident, of Park Chul-soo, South Korean director, screenwriter, and producer, born on November 20, 1948

2013: Prominent Pakistani Taliban commander Maulvi Faqir Mohammad has been arrested in eastern Afghanistan

2013: North Korean diplomat Jon Yong Ryong told the meeting in Geneva that « South Korea’s erratic behaviour would only herald its final destruction »

2014: The chief minister of  Indian state of Tamil Nadu orders the release of all seven people jailed for plotting the assassination of former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi

2015: Former Thai premier Yingluck Shinawatra is formally indicted over a bungled rice subsidy scheme in the latest legal move against her polarising family that could see her jailed for up to a decade


Holidays and observances

Birthday of Shivaji or Shivaji Jayanti (Maharashtra)

Lucy Yi Zhenmei (one of Martyrs of Guizhou)

On 18 February in Asian history


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Updated on February 18, 2017

3102 BC: Origin of the Kali Era (India)

259 BC: Birth of Qin Shi Huangdi, first Chinese emperor, who died on September 10, 210 BC

1294: Death of Khubilai Khan, founder of the Chinese Yuan dynasty, born on September, 23 1215

1405: Death of Tamerlane (Timur), Mongol emperor, born on April 8, 1336

1486: Birth of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint and bhakti yoga developer

1530: Birth of Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord who died on April 19, 1578

1745: The city of Surakarta, Central Java is founded on the banks of Bengawan Solo river, and becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta

1815: The king Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe of Kandyan kingdom (Ceylon) is captured by the British

1836: Birth of Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda  who died on August 16, 1886

1853: Burmese king Pagan Min is forced to abdicate in favor of his half-brother Mindon Min

1857: Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo, against the « White Rajah » James Brooke

1883: Birth of Madan Lal Dhingra, Indian Revolutionary who died on August 17, 1909

1894: Birth of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, Indian independence activist then minister who died on October 24, 1954–Vlqz3dynlHZ9Q&sig2=FWMifQsvSP2BrULhRE5Iog

Rafi Ahmed Kidwai

1902: During the Philippines-USA War, the Last Holdouts, General Vicente Lukban falls

1908: The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this becomes known as the ‘Gentlemen’s Agreement’

1911: The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away

1926: Birth of Nalini Jaywant, Indian actress

1927 : Birth ofnKhayyam, Indian music composer

1930: Ho Chi Minh and those who gathered since the formation of the Communist Party of Vietnam hold their first party platform in Hong Kong

1932: Japan proclaims Manchukuo (Manchuria) independence

1933: Birth of Yoko Ono, Japanese born singer, ex wife of John Lennon

1938: Beginning of the bombing of Chongqing by the Japanese airplanes, up to August 23, 1943

1938: During the Nanking Massacre, the Nanking Safety Zone International Committee is renamed « Nanking International Rescue Committee » and the safety zone in place for refugees falls apart

1942: The Imperial Japanese Army begins the systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore

1946: Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in Mumbai harbour, from where it would spread throughout British India and involve 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors

1947: During the First Indochina War, the French gain complete control of Hanoi after forcing the Viet Minh to withdraw to mountains

1948: Burma and Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations

1951: Birth of Chen Shui-bian, president of Taiwan (2000-2008)

1951: Nepal king Tribhuvan, in exile from one year, comes back to his country as a constitutional king

1959: For the first time in Tibet history, legislative elections are organized

1967: Birth of Yongyoot Thongkongtoon, Thai director, producer, and screenwriter

Yongyoot Thongkongtoon

1979: Signature of a treaty of peace, amity and cooperation between Vietnam and the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea

1979: President Zia ur-Rahmans National Party wins elections in Bangladesh,_1979

1979: The Soviet Union warns China to stop its war against Vietnam before it could be too late

1981, Lorenzo Ruiz is beatified by Pope John Paul II, first Filipino Saint. Born on November 28, 1594, executed in Japan on September 29, 1637

1981: Birth of Kim Jae Won, South Korean actor

1990: Birth of Park Shin Hye, South Korean actress

2001: Inter-ethnic violence between Dayaks and Madurese breaks out in Sampit, Indonesia, that will ultimately result in more than 500 deaths and 100,000 Madurese displaced from their homes

2007: Attack on the Samjhanta Express (Train of the Friendship) between Pakistan and India causing 67 people dead

2008: First free elections since Musharraf took power, won by Bhutto family party, the PPP

2010: Obama meets with Dalai Lama despite Chinese objections

2010: Myanmar jails Buddhist abbot Gaw Thita for seven years

2012: North Korea rejects the South’s call for talks aimed at restarting reunions for families separated since the Korean War, saying Seoul should first respond to its conditions for dialogue.

2015: Death of D. Ramanaidu, Indian actor, director, and producer, founder of Suresh Productions, born on June 6, 1936


Holidays and observances

Nepal: National Democracy Day (The 1951 overthrow of the Rana dynasty)