On 21 September in Asian history

1972-09-21 Martial Law


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Updated on September 21, 2018

1328: Birth of Hongwu Emperor of China who died on June 24, 1398

1428: Birth of Zhu Qiyu, Emperor Jingtai of the Ming Dynasty from 1449 to 1457 as the Jingtai Emperor, who died on March 14, 1457

1629: Jan Pierterzoon Coen, head of the Dutch East India Company, passes away

1643: Death of Huang Taiji, first emperor of the Chinese Qing dynasty (1626-1643), born on November 28, 1592

1680: Death of Japanese emperor Go-Mizunoo on the throne from 1611 to 1629, born on June 25, 1596

1743: Death of Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper, born on November 3, 1688

1746: The Siege of Madras (in the first Carnatic War) comes to an end. The French capture Fort St George (Madras) from the British

1839: In Korea, later Saint, Laurent Marie Joseph Imbert is beheaded, born on March 23, 1796

1860: In the Second Opium war, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troop at the Battle of Baliqiao (Pa-Li-Kao)

1863: In Shanghai, the Britain and United States concessions formally merge, becoming the « International Settlement »


1874: Birth of Hishida Shunso,Japanese painter from the Meiji period, who died on September 16, 1911

Hishida Shunso

1898: Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days Reform in China

1919: Birth of Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani scholar of Islam, who died on July 26, 1988

1926: Birth of Noor Jehan, Pakistani singer and actress, death on December 23, 2000

1933: Death of Kenji Miyazawa, Japanese author and poet, born on August 27, 1896

Kenji Miyazawa

1934: Superpower Muroto Typhoon hit in western Honshu, Japan, Japanese government confirmed 3,036 killed. Mainly destroy temples, schools, and other buildings at Osaka

1939: Birth of Agnivesh, Indian social activist

1949: At the opening of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference in Peking, Mao Zedong announces that the new Chinese government will be « under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. »

1949 : Manipur is merged with the Indian Union. It was once an independent princely state, which was taken over by the British in 1891

1949: Birth of Yusaku Matsuda, Japanese actor who died on November 6, 1989

1952: Birth of Emily Lau, Hong Kong democratic activist

1953: Lt No Kum-Sok a North Korean pilot defects to South Korea with his Mig-15 in the frame of Operation Moolah

1954: Birth of Shinzo Abe, shortly Japanese prime minister (2006-2007) and again since December 2012

1954: Death of Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor of the cultured pearl, born on January 25, 1858

1955: Birth of Gulshan Grover, Indian actor

1957: Pote Sarasin general secretary of South-East Association Treaty Organization (SEATO) becomes Thailand premier

1960: Birth of Sikandar Sanam, Pakistani actor and singer who died o, November 5, 2012!/2012/06/about-sikandar-sanam.html

1962: Death of Chinese film artist Ouyang Yuqian, born on May 12, 1889

1963: The Soviet Union denounces the Chinese will to get atomic weapon at all cost and says that in 1962 the Chinese crossed more than 5,000 times the common border

1965: Singapore and the Maldives are admitted as members of the United Nations

1967: Birth of Suman Pokhrel, Nepali poet and songwriter

1967: Thai troops arrive in Saigon

1971: Bhutan enters the United Nations

1972: Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines signs Proclamation N° 1081 placing the entire country under the martial law

1972-09-21 Martial Law

1980: Birth of Kareena Kapoor, Indian actress

1981: Birth of Rimi Sen, Indian actress

1981: Birth of Meilinda Soerjoko, Indonesian-Australian actress

1984: Brunei joins the United Nations

1985: Death of Gu Long (real name Xiong Yaohua), Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels, born on June 7, 1938

1987: Speaking to US Congress, the Dalai Lama introduces his Five points Peace Plan for Tibet

1988: Birth of Bilawal Bhutto, Son of Benazir Bhutto and Asif Zardani, president of the PPP

1989: Rajini Thiranagama, Sri Lankan Tamil physician and academic is killed. Born on February 23, 1954

1995: The Hindu milk miracle occurs, in which statues of the Hindu God Ganesh began drinking milk when spoonfuls were placed near their mouths

1996: In India, Sitaram Kesri succeeds Narasimha Rao, involved in a fraud case, as chairman of the Indian Congress

1999: Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead

2001: In East Timor, the first government, led by Mari Alkatiri, leader of Fretilin, is sworn in

2001: Lee Teng-hui, former president of Taiwan, who has been chairman of the Kuomintang during twelve years is expelled from the party after giving his support to a new party, the Taiwan Solidarity Union

2004: The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People’s War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist)

2009: More than a dozen Abu Sayyaf fighters have been killed after government forces attempted to arrest rebel leaders in the southern Philippines

2011: South Korea’s nuclear envoy has held rare talks with his North Korean counterpart in Beijing. Ahead of the meeting the South’s Wi Sung-lac said talks with Ri Yong-ho would focus on ending Pyongyang’s nuclear programme

2011: Death of Jun Henmi, Japanese author and poet, born on July 26, 1939

2012: PM Yoshihiko Noda beat three other contenders, winning more than 60 per cent of points available in vote by Democratic party members

2012: S Korea fires warning shots at North’s boats. Move follows several incidents in recent weeks of North Korean fishing vessels crossing the disputed Yellow Sea border

2013: Voters in Sri Lanka’s north have held their first-ever elections for a semi-autonomous council, four years after the army defeated Tamil Tiger rebels.

2013: Death of Taro Ishida, Japanese actor, born on March 16, 1944

2015 : Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov indicates that there is no room for compromise with Japan over the disputed south Kuril islands, calling on Tokyo to « recognise » post-WWII « historic realities »

2015 : Death of Esmail Kiram II, a Philippine sultan whose armed followers invaded a vast Malaysian region in 2013 and sparked a deadly security crisis

On 20 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 20, 2018

1161: Birth of Emperor Takakura of Japan who died on January 30, 1181

1388: Death of Sultan Firuz Tughlaq Shah III of Delhi, born in 1309

1498: The 1498 Nankai earthquake generates a tsunami that washes away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in. Since then the Buddha has sat in the open air.

Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in

1519: Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan leaves Spain to find a route to the Spice Islands in the current Indonesia. Magellan will be killed during the trip, but one of his ships eventually will make the journey

1853: Birth of Siam King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), who died on October 23, 1910

1857: The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company after a 3 month siege


1875: Ganghwa Island incident between Japanese and South Koreans


1911: Birth of Shriram Sharma Acharya, Indian spiritual leader, who died on June 2, 1990

1915: Birth of K. H. Ting, Chinese bishop who died on November 22, 2012

K. H. Ting

1916: Birth of Malik Meraj Khalid, Former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan from November 1996 to February 1997, who died on June 13, 2003

1923: Birth of Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian Telugu actor

1925: Birth of Ananda Mahidol, king of Siam (Rama VIII) from March 1935 through his assassination in June 1946

1931: Birth of Cherd Songsri, Thai filmmaker, who died on May 21, 2006

1933: Death of Annie Besant, British social reformer, campaigner for women’s rights and a supporter of Indian nationalism, born on October 1, 1847

1940: Birth of Taro Aso, 59th Japanese prime minister from September 24, 2008 to August 30, 2009

1944: Birth of Riku Rinkama, Japanese actor

1945: The Pan-Indian Congress, with Gandhi and Nehru as leaders, rejects the British proposition of internal autonomy and asks the United Kingdom to quit India

1946: Birth of Alan Tang (Tang Kwong Wing), Chinese actor and producer

1948: Death of Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian writer, born on April 14, 1881

1949: Birth of Mahesh Bhatt, Indian film director

1950: Mao Zedong issues the order to promulgate the national emblem of the PRC


1954: The first Chinese National Congress adopts the first constitution of the People’s Republic of China

1964: Birth of Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress (In the mood for love)

1965: In a diplomatic note to New Delhi, Beijing reminds its claim on 90,000 km2 of Indian territory

1968: U.S. officials defend use of defoliants

1971: Negotiations between North and South Korea resume

1971: Birth of Masashi Hamauzu, Japanese composer

1976: Birth of Yui Horie, Japanese singer and actress

1976: Birth of Yo Hitoto, Japanese pop singer

1977: The first boat people arrived in San Francisco from Southeast Asia under a new US resettlement program

1977: Birth of Namie Amuro, Japanese singer

1977: Dissolution of SEATO

1977: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations

1979: The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML)

1980: Death of Sanpei Hayashiya, Japanese comedian, born on November 30, 1925

1983: Birth of A-Lin, Taiwanese Mandopop singer of Amis descent

1987: Birth of Gain, South Korean singer and actress

1992: Chuan Leekpai is appointed Thai premier for the first time, up to May 24, 1995


1994: Gen. Tan Shwe and Gen Khin Nyunt of SLORC meet Aung San Suu Kyi for the first time since she have been put under house arrest

1996: Murtaza Bhutto, brother of Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani politician, is killed by police. Born on September 18 1954

1998: After he talked to thousands of people, Malaysian ousted vice-premier Anwar Ibrahim is arrested

1999: A United Nations multinational force arrives to East-Timor to protect the population from pro-Indonesia militias

2002: Historic trip of Wu Shu-chen, wife of the Taiwan president to the United States in a ten-day private sojourn

2003: In the Maldives, the death of the prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé

2006: Shinzo Abe becomes the 90th Prime minister of Japan with 339 votes on 475 in the Lower House and 136 on 240 in the Upper House

2008: At least 40 people are killed and 100 others wounded after a car-bomb attack on the Marriott Hotel in Pakistan’s capital Islamabad

2009: Thailand « Yellow Shirt » protesters clash with police and villagers at an ancient temple in territory at the centre of a dispute between Thailand and Cambodia

2010: Malaysia’s opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim fails in his latest attempt to have a sodomy charge against him dropped

2010: In Sri Lanka, Court martial sentences General Fonseka to three years in prison for corruption. Activists and opposition parties protest what they see as an attack against justice and democracy

2011: The peace council leader, former President Burhanuddin Rabbani, is killed by a suicide bomber in or near his heavily guarded home in the Afghan capital, Kabul

2012: Death of Dinesh Thakur, Indian actor and director, born in 1947

2014: Afghan presidential candidates Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah have finally negotiated a long-awaited deal to share power in a so-called national unity government, a move likely to end a months-long election crisis in the war-shattered country

2014: Death of Takako Doi, former head of the Japan Socialist Party and first female speaker of the Lower House, born on November 30, 1928

2015: Nepal adopts its first democratic constitution in a largely peaceful event, a historic step for a nation that has seen unrest for over 65 years


Holidays and observances

Feast day of the Korean Martyrs, including Andrew Kim Taegon and Laurent-Marie-Joseph Imbert

Thailand: National Youth Day

On 19 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 19, 2018

1123: Death of Emperor Taizu of Jin, born on August 1, 1068

1339: Death of Japanese Emperor Go-Daigo (1318-133), born on November 26, 1288

1876: Birth of Japanese painter Hiroshi Yoshida who died on April 15, 1050

Hiroshi Yoshida

1902: Death of Masaoka Shiki, Japanese author, poet, literary critic, and journalist in Meiji period Japan. His real name was Masaoka Tsunenori. Born on September 17, 1867

1908: Birth of Tatsuo Shimabuku, founder of Isshinryu Karate who died on May 30, 1975

1919: Birth of Thich Huyen Quang, leader the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam and dissident, who died on July 5, 2008

1926: Birth of Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist, Physics Nobel Prize laureate 2002

1931: Following the Mukden Incident (September 18), Japan Kwantung Army takes Mukden and starts to invade Manchuria

1936: Death of Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician, born on August 10, 1860

1958: Birth of Lucky Ali, Indian singer, composer and actor

1960: Indus River Water Sharing Settlement is signed between India and Pakistan

1961: India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India

1963: Empress Nam-Phuong of Vietnam dies in France

1966: Indonesia which, on January 7, 1965,  had withdraw from United Nation in protest of the admission of the Federation of Malaysia announces that it comes back

1970: Birth of Takanori Nishikawa, Japanese pop/rock singer

1970: Birth of Christy Chung (Zheng Lìtí), Canadian-Chinese Actress. Born in Montreal to a Chinese father and a Vietnamese mother

1971: Montagnard troops of South Vietnam revolt against the rule of Nguyen Khanh, killing 70 ethnic Vietnamese soldiers

1976: Birth of Isha Koppikar, Indian model and actress

1984: China and Britain complete a draft agreement transferring Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule by 1997

1995: The commander of American forces in Japan and the US ambassador apology for the rape of a schoolgirl committed by three US servicemen

1997: After the Hun Sen coup d’état, United Nation decides to keep vacant the seat of Cambodia, up to the situation is cleared in the country

2001: Indonesian President Megawati Sukarnoputri is the first head of state of a Muslim country to visit Washington after September 11 attacks. She gives her support to the fight against terrorism and gets a 400 million $ aid from the USA

2001: In Afghanistan, the religious leaders ask Oussama ben Laden to voluntarily leave the country as US combat activities in Afghanistan looking at destroying A-qaida and the Taleban protecting them begin

2004: Former Chinese leader Jiang Zemin gives up to Hu Jintao his last position, the chairmanship of the Central Military Commission

2004: Death of Damayanti Joshi, Indian classical dancer of Kathak style, born on September 5, 1932–Menakaa-s-Daughter/Vm0xMFlXRXlSbkpQVm1SU1lrVndVbFpyVWtKUFVUMDkr

2005: In Beijing, North Korea agrees in the principle to renounce to its nuclear programs

2006: The Thai military, led by General Sonthi Boonyaratkalin  stages a coup in Bangkok, toppling prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. The constitution is revoked and martial law declared

2008: Malaysian opposition MP Teresa Kok is released from jail, one week after being detained under the Internal Security Act (ISA)

2010: Philippine troops clash with Abu Sayyaf gunmen on Basilan island and kill Abdukarim Sali, a long-wanted militant who helped in the 2001 kidnapping of three American and 17 Filipino tourists

2010: China suspends high-level exchanges with Japan and promises tough countermeasures after a Japanese court extended the detention of a Chinese trawler captain who collided with two Japanese coastguard ships

2012: US Lawmakers united by their respect of Burma democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi present her with Congress’ highest civilian honor in a ceremony in the Capitol Rotunda, ahead of a meeting with President Barack Obama

2013: Hiroshi Yamauchi, the man who ran Nintendo for more than 50 years, overseeing the creation of Super Mario, Donkey Kong and Zelda, has died aged 85.

2014: Former Japanese premier Hoshiro Mori brings a letter from Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to South Korean President Park Geun-hye during a visit to Seoul as Tokyo seeks a thaw in frosty ties

2014: Chinese troops have begun pulling back from the disputed border with India as President Xi Jinping wrapped up a rare visit to New Delhi overshadowed by the stand-off at the remote frontier

2014: The South Korean navy fires warning shots to end a brief incursion by a North Korean patrol boat across the sensitive maritime border

2015: Japan’s upper chamber of Parliament approves controversial bills allowing the country’s military to engage in overseas combat in limited circumstances — a major shift after seven decades of pacifism

2016: A group of opposition officials from Taiwan bypass the government and travel to China on a bridge-building trip as relations with Beijing turn frosty under new president Tsai Ing-we

2017: Donald Trump threatens to ‘totally destroy’ North Korea in UN speech

On 18 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 18, 2018

1418: Sejong becomes the 4th king of the Joseon Korean dynasty, up to his death on May 18, 1450

1598: Death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japanese warlord, born February 2, 1536

1606: Birth of the late Ming peasant uprising leader Zhang Xianzhong, killed by Qing forces on January 2, 1647

Zhang Xianzhong

1811: Dutch surrender to British at Salatiga (Java)

1906: A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong

1906: Birth of Kaka Hathrasi, Indian satirist poet and author who died on September 18, 1995

Kaka Hathrasi

1931: Mukden (Shenyang) Incident or Manchurian Incident provoked by the Japanese. A pretext for invading Manchuria

1945: General MacArthur moves his command to Tokyo as he prepares for his new role as archictect of democratic Japan

1946: Birth of Akira Kamiya, Japanese actor

1948: In Dutch Indies PKI attempts a coup in Madiun and kills pro-government officers there

1948: Defeated by the Indian Army, the Nizam of Hyderabad surrenders his sovereignty over the Hyderabad State and joins the Indian Union,_Asaf_Jah_VII

1949: In Cambodia, dissolution of the parliament

1949: Birth of Sokyu Fujita, Japanese actor

1950: Birth of Shabana Azmi, Indian actress

1950: Birth of Vishnuvardhan, Indian actor who died on December 30, 2009

1954: Birth of Murtaza Bhutto, Pakistani politician, killed by police on September 19, 1996

1954: Birth of Takao Doi, Japanese astronaut

1959: Laotian rightist Phoumi Nosavan, with Thailand support, attacks Vientiane, but the neutralists, with the help of the Phatet Lao and the Soviets, repulse the attack

1964: North Vietnamese Army begins infiltration in South Vietnam

1966: General (rtd) Musa Khan is sworn as Governor of West Pakistan, succeeding to Amir Mohammad Khan

1969: Religious riots in Ahmedabad (India), up to 22 September: 500 dead

1973: Birth of Ami Onuki, Japanese singer

1976: Mao Zedong funeral takes place in Beijing

1977: Birth of Miki Lee, popular Taiwanese singer and actress

1982: Birth of Yang Xin, Chinese actress

1985: National Conference of the Chinese Communist Party (18-24). Hundreds of veterans resign and give the way to younger cadres with more qualification

1988: Military coup in Burma. The constitution is suspended. The military starts a deadly offensive against pro-democracy demonstrators, killing thousands and found the State Law and Order Restoration Council (Slorc)

1995: Death of Kaka Hathrasi, Indian satirist poet and author, born on September 18, 1906 (see above)

1997: End of the XVth congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Jiang Zemin is maintained as leader and Li Peng as number two while Qiao shi is ousted

2001: Taiwan gets the green light for its entry to the World Trade Organization under the name of Chinese Taiwan

2002: Symbolic opening of the border between the two Koreas

2002-09-18 Ouverture DMZ

2005: First free election in Afghanistan. The result will be known on October 22

2007: President General Pervez Musharraf announces that he will step down as army chief and restore civilian rule to Pakistan, but only after he is re-elected president

2007: Buddhist monks join anti-government protesters in Myanmar, starting what was called the Saffron Revolution

2012: Trinamool Congress quits India coalition over reform plan. A key regional party, it has pulled out of India’s governing coalition over its decision to open up the retail sector to global supermarket chains

2012: Pakistan Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf says he will obey Supreme Court order to reopen a corruption case against the country’s president

2016: Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi is honoured as the 2016 humanitarian of the year by students and faculty at the Harvard Foundation

On 17 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 17, 2018

1192: Birth of Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun who was assassinated on February 13, 1219

1786: Death of Tokugawa Ieharu, 10th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate (1760-1786), born on June 20, 1737

1867: Birth of Shiki Masaoka, Japanese poet who died on September 19, 1902

1879: Birth of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian Social Reformer who died on December 24, 1973

1894: Battle of Yalu River, the largest naval engagement in the first Sino-Japan war

1894: Death of Deng Shichang, Chinese admiral, born in 1849

1900: Battle of Mabitac. Filipino fighters outmaneuver and rout American forces on Luzon

1904: Death of Raden Ajeng Kartini (Raden Ayu Kartini), Indonesian female hero, born on 21 April 1879


1906: Birth of Junius Richard Jayewardene, president of Sri Lanka from 1978 until 1989 who died on November 1, 1996

Japan: September 12, 1979 Tokyo President of Sliranka Junius Richard JAYAWARDENE at Japan National Press Club Photo by Kaku Kurita ƒXƒŠƒ‰ƒ“ƒJ‘哝—Ì


1915: Birth of Maqbool Fida Husain, Indian painter who died on June 9, 2011

Maqbool Fida Husain

1917: Birth of Isang Yun, Korean composer who spent most of his creative career in Germany and died on November 3, 1995

1928: Birth of Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian academician and former politician who formed the Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan), who died on January 23, 2007

1930: Birth of Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist

1939: Beginning of the Battle of Changsha (up to October 6, 1939), the first attempt by Japan to take the city of Changsha, China, during the second Sino-Japanese War

1945: Death of Yu Dafu a modern Chinese short story writer and poet, killed by the Japanese military police in Sumatra,  born on December 7, 1896

1949 : The state political party of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) which means “Dravadian Progress Federation” is founded by C.N Annadurai

1950: Birth of Narendra Modi, Indian Prime Minister from May 26, 2014


1953: Birth of Altaf Hussain, Pakistani founder and leader of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s-Altaf-Hussain/article14587077.ece

1957: Malaysia joins the United Nations

1957: In Thailand , after the coup d’Etat of General Sarit Thanarat, General Pibul Songkram goes in exile

1959: Beijing announces that Marshal Lin Biao succeeds disgraced Marshal Peng Dehuai as defense minister

1962: Birth of Dustin Nguyen, Vietnamese American actor

1963: After they did not recognize that the United Kingdom gave to it its territories in Borneo, the Federation of Malaysia breaks off its diplomatic relations with The Philippines and Indonesia

1965: Beginning of the Battle of Chawinda between Pakistan and India

1968: Birth of Hong Kong artist Weng Hong (Yvonne Yung)

1970: The People’s Revolutionary Government (PRG) for South Vietnam presents a new peace plan at the Paris talks

1973: Birth of Ada Choi, Hong Kong actress

1974: Bangladesh joins the United Nations

1977: In Pakistan, on charge to have order the killing of a political opponent in November 1974, Ali Bhutto who has been thrown out by General Zia-ul Haq is arrested

1980: Kim Dae-jung, leader of South Korea opposition is sentenced to death by a martial court

1983: Birth of Sanaya Irani, Indian actress

1991: South Korea and North Korea become members of the United Nations

1995: Hong Kong last election under British rule

1996: A small North-Korean submarine runs aground South Korea. 24 North Korean soldiers commit suicide or are killed in the following days causing the death of 16 South Koreans and 26 wounded

1999: President Bill Clinton lifts restrictions on trade, travel and banking imposed on North Korea a half-century earlier

2001: World Trade Organization (WTO) successfully concludes negotiations on China’s entry

2002: Junichiro Koizumi is the first Japanese head of government to go to Pyongyang. North Korea admits the kidnapping of Japanese in the 70s and 80s

2002: The Cardinal Kung Foundation, says that non official Chinese bishop Mgr Wei Jingyi has been arrested

2004: Tamil is declared the first classical language in India

2005: After its failure in the September 13 election, the Democratic Party of Japan elects Seiji Maehara as its new leader

2008: In Burma, the military authorities order around 5,000 people to leave two refugee camps in Laputta Township, according to local residents and international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) operating in the area

2008: In Thailand, Thaksin’s brother-in-law Somchai Wongsawat is elected new Thai prime minister

2009: Indonesia’s most-wanted militant Noordin Mohamed Top, who was linked by investigators to the 2005 Bali bombings, is killed

2010: Prime Minister Naoto Kan keeps to his « anti-Ozawa » principle as he reshuffles the Cabinet, awarding key positions to Diet members who have kept their distance from former DPJ Secretary General Ichiro Ozawa

2010: Japan says China has shipped drilling equipment to a disputed gas field in the East China Sea, fuelling diplomatic tensions between the Asian giants. China has previously refrained from unilateral drilling at Japan’s request

2011: There is evidence linking the Haqqani militant network to Pakistan’s government, the US ambassador to Pakistan has said in a radio interview

2012: Burma frees 514 prisoners in political reforms on humanitarian grounds in Burma, just days ahead of a trip by Aung San Suu Kyi to the United States

2012: Pakistan conducts a successful test fire of the indigenously developed multi tube Cruise Missile Hatf-VII (Babur), having a range of 700 kilometers and nuclear capable missile

2012: Major electronics firms Panasonic and Canon have temporarily suspend production at factories in China after a territorial dispute triggered violent anti-Japanese protests

2013: Bangladesh’s top court sentences a senior Islamist opposition leader to death for mass murder during the country’s 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. Abdul Quader Molla, 65, the fourth-highest-ranked leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, is the first politician to be found guilty.

2013: Rights group Amnesty International awards its highest honour to Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani teen shot in the head last year by the Taliban for campaigning for girls’ education

2014: Chinese president Xi Jinping begins a maiden visit to India with both sides seeking to reset the relationship between Asia’s rival superpowers

2017: Death of Indian hero Marshal Arjan Singh

On 16 September in Asian history



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Updated on September 16, 2018

1507: Birth of Jiajing (or Chia-ching), Emperor of China from 1521 to 1567, the 11th emperor of the Ming dynasty. Born Zhu Houcong, he was the Zhengde Emperor’s cousin. He died on January 23, 1567

1782: Birth of Chinese Emperor Daoguang (1820-1850) who died on February 25, 1850

1792: Death of Quang Trung, Tay Son dynasty’s emperor of Viet Nam born in 1753

1846: Execution of Korean martyr Andrew Kim Taegon, first Korean-born priest and patron saint for Korea, born on August 21, 1821

1859: Birth of Yuan Shikai, Chinese General and politician, who died on June 6, 1916

Yuan Shikai uniforme

1911: Death of Hishida Shunso, Japanese painter from the Meiji period, born on September 21, 1875

 1916: Birth of M.S. Subbulakshmi, Indian singer, who, died on December 11, 2004

1923: Birth of Lee Kuan Yew, father of Singapore independence who died on March 23, 2015

1932: Gandhi begins fast in protest of caste separation

1945: Japan surrender Hong Kong to Admiral Cecil Harcourt

1945: British Rear Admiral Patterson lands in Jakarta. He announces that the British mission is « to maintain law and order until the time that the lawful government of the Netherlands East Indies is once again functioning »

1957: Death of Chinese painter Qi Baishi, born in January 1864


1957: In a coup in Thailand, Premier Plaek Phibun Songkhram is deposed

1963: Malaysia is formed from Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak


1965: China demands that India dismantles in the coming three days its military buildings on Sikkim border

1965: Death of Ahn Eak-tai, Korean musician, composer, and conductor, composer of the national anthem, born on December 5, 1906

1966: Beijing says that two US warplanes have attacked two Chinese hamlets on September 9. (On September 19 Washington admitted saying there was an mistake with North Vietnam targets)

1967: United Nations General Secretary U Thant asks again the stopping of US bombing on North Vietnam

1967: Birth of Hiroya Oku, Japanese Manga-ka

1969: US President Richard Nixon announces the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers from Vietnam before December 15

1971: Birth of Zilla Huma Usman, Pakistani activist for women emancipation, assassinated on February 20, 2007

1971: President Nixon says the U.S. will support the P.R.C.’s seating in the U.N. Security Council because it « reflects the realities of the situation, » but adds that « we will vote against the expulsion of the Republic of China. »

1975: Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia

1978: General Zia Ul-Haq becomes president of Pakistan

1978-09-16 Zia ul Haq président

1981: Birth of Fan Bingbing, Chinese actress

1982: Start of North Korea leader Kim Il-sung visit to China

1990: A rail link between China and Kazakhstan is completed at Dostyk, adding an important connection to the Eurasian Land Bridge

2002: In Singapore, the government announces the arrest of 19 members of Jemaah Islamiya and of 2 members of the Philippine MILF

2002: Death of Francis Xavier Nguyen Van Thuan, Vietnamese cardinal, born on April 17, 1928

2002: In Thailand, beginning of talks between Sri Lankan government and LTTE Tamil separatists with Norwegian mediation

2005: In Nepal, police arrest 87 journalists and 200 pro-democracy demonstrators

2008: The United Nations pull its staff out of Sri Lanka’s rebel-held northern region after being ensured safe passage by government troops and rebels

2009: In Japan, Yukio Hatoyama, who led his party to a landmark victory, takes office as prime minister after a half-century of virtually uninterrupted, one-party rule

2010: Cambodia’s UN-backed war crimes tribunal indicts four former Khmer Rouge leaders. Nuon Chea, deputy to Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot, will stand trial next year, along with former head of state Khieu Samphan, former Foreign Minister Ieng Sary and his wife Ieng Thirith

2010: Kim Hwang-sik, head of the Board of Audit and Inspection, a body overseeing the conduct of government agencies and officials, is picked for the post of Prime Minister by Lee Myung-bak, South Korea’s president

2012: Six US fighter jets are destroyed and two significantly damaged when Taliban attackers stormed a heavily fortified Afghan base where Britain’s Prince Harry is deployed

2012: Anti-Japan demonstrations gain momentum outside the Japanese embassy in Beijing, where Chinese demonstrators have been protesting over a group of disputed islands for a second day running

2013: Death of Chin Peng, former secretary-general of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP). He was 90 years old

2015: The U.N.’s top human rights official is urging the creation of a special court including foreign magistrates and investigators to look into atrocities committed during Sri Lanka’s civil war


Holidays and observances

Malaysia: Hari Malaysia (formation of Malaysia, 1963)

Papua New Guinea : Independence Day (from Australia, 1975)

On 15 September in Asian history



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Updated on September 15, 2018

767: Birth of Saichō, Japanese Buddhist monk who died on June 26, 822

1762: Empress Go-Sakuramachi, 117th Emperor of Japan, ascends to the throne

1860: Birth of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, Indian engineer who died on April 14, 1962

1876: Birth of Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist, who died on January 16, 1938

1892: Birth of Silpa Bhirasri an Italian man who was the father of modern arts in Thailand. Died on May 14, 1962

1894: Battle of Pyongyang during the first Sino-Japanese war for the control of Korea kingdom. Japan defeats China

1898: Following the declaration of independence from Spain on June 12, 1898 by the Revolutionary Government, a congress is opened in Malolos, Bulacan Province to draw up a constitution for the First Philippine Republic


1906: Major Dutch advance on Bali begins. Netherlands Indies fleet anchors off Sanur

1909: Birth of Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai, Tamil Nadu first non Congress chief minister (1967-1969), who died on February 3, 1969

1915: In Shanghai, New Youth (La Jeunesse) – an influential Chinese revolutionary magazine is founded by Chen Duxiu (La Jeunesse, or New Youth was an influential Chinese revolutionary magazine in the 1920s that played an important role during the May Fourth Movement)

1921: The Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg , Russian counter-revolutionary, head of Mongolia, hand over to the Soviet Red Army by his own troops, is shot. Born on January 22, 1886

1926: Birth of Shohei Imamura, Japanese film director who died on May 30, 2006
 Shohei Imamura 1

1932: Signature of Japan-Manchukuo protocol. Japan officially recognizes Manchukuo’s-Major-Generals_pose-for-photo_Henry-Ru-Yi

1935: Manuel L. Quezon is elected first President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines,_1935

1942: The U.S. aircraft carrier USS Wasp is torpedoed at Guadalcanal

1944: In first stage of Operation Stalemate in the Palau archipelo, the Battle of Peleliu begins as the United States Marine Corps’ 1st Marine Division and the United States Army’s 81st Infantry Division hit White and Orange beaches under heavy fire from Japanese infantry and artillery


1947: In China civil war, Manchuria is totally isolated by the communists

1950: During the Korean War, United States forces, under the command of general Douglas MacArthur, land at Incheon, Korea, taking the North Korean invaders by rear

1952: Signature of a new agreement between China and Soviet Union

1956: Opening of the VIIIth congress of the Chinese Communist Party, the first since the 1949 communist victory

1958: The Chinese communist party announces that the People’s commune system on test in five provinces will be extended to all the country’s_commune

1958: Following the September 6 Chinese offer, resuming of the Sino-US negotiations in Varsovia

1967: Birth of Ramya Krishnan, Indian Actress

1972: Birth of Kit Chan, Singaporean singer

1974: Air Vietnam flight 706 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board

1975: Death of Feng Zikai, Chinese painter and writer, born on November 9, 1898

1977: Birth of Angela Aki, Japanese singer-songwriter

1980: Birth of Jolin Tsai, Taiwanese pop singer

1999: The United nations security Council authorizes the use of an international force in East Timor

2003: Cardinal Jaime Sin, archbishop of Manila is succeeded by Gaudencio Barbon Rosales

2009: Taiwan’s former president Chen Shui-bian says the life sentence he was handed by a court was ‘invalid’ and reiterated claims that his case was politically motivated

2011: The Malaysian government will abolish the Internal Security Act (ISA) and the Emergency Ordinance, a relic of British colonial rule which allow indefinite detention without trial, PM Najib says

2012: Angry protesters stage sometimes violent anti-Japanese demonstrations in cities across China, amid escalating tensions over disputed islands in the East China Sea

2013: In elections in Macau, democrats secure just two out of the 14 directly-elected seats in the city’s lawmaking body, down from three in the previous election in 2009

2016: Japan’s Democratic Party selects acting leader Renho as its new leader, making the 48-year-old the first woman to head the nation’s main opposition party

2017: Cambodia PM calls on US to withdraw Peace Corps volunteers

Holidays and observances

India: Engineer’s Day

Thailand: Silpa Bhirasri Day

On 14 September in Asian history

On 14 September in Asian history

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Updated on September 14, 2018

585: Death of Bidatsu, 30th emperor of Japan (572-585), born in 538

1164: Death of Sutoku, 75th emperor of Japan (1123-1142), born on July 7, 1119

1180: In Japan, Battle of Ishibashiyama between the Minamoto and Tairan clan

1846: Jang Bahadur and his brothers massacre about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court

1862: Namamugi incident, also known sometimes as the Kanagawa Incident, and archaically as the Richardson Affair, was a samurai attack on foreign nationals in Japan


1910: Death of Huo Yuanjia, Chinese martial artist, born in 1868

1935: Birth of Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist, who died on August 2, 2008

1946: After the failure of the Fontainebleau Conference, a motus vivendi is signed in Paris between Marius Moutet, the French Minister of Colonies and Vietnamese communist leader Ho Chi Minh

1948: Khawaja Nazimuddin becomes the second general governor of Pakistan until October 1951

1949: In India, the Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as the Official Language of the Union

1949: Birth of Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer

1950: US President Truman authorizes the State Department to start negotiations for a peace treaty with Japan

1966: In Vietnam, Operation Attleboro is launched in War Zone C (Cambodian border)

1973: Birth of Tony Bui, Vietnamese film director

1979: In Afghanistan, Hafizullah Amin seizes power, prime minister and president Nour Mohammed Taraki is assassinated

1985: Penang Bridge, the longest bridge in Malaysia, connecting the island of Penang to the mainland, opens to traffic.

1985: Birth of Aya Ueto, Japanese actress and singer

1988: Liu Huaqing, who will modernized the Chinese Navy, is promoted admiral

1993: Most famous Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng, in jail since 1979, is freed. (again arrested few months later)

Wei Jingsheng

1998: Death of Yang Shangkun, Chinese marshal and president of the republic (1987-1992)

2009: Indonesia’s province of Aceh passes a new law making adultery punishable by stoning to death. The law also imposes severe sentences for rape, homosexuality, alcohol consumption and gambling

2010: Japanese PM Naoto Kan survives a leadership challenge from veteran power-broker Ichiro Ozawa, defeating him by a wider than expected margin

2011: A Dutch court orders the government to compensate the widows of seven villagers who were summarily executed and a man shot and wounded in a notorious massacre during Indonesia’s bloody battle for independence from colonial rule

2012: Six Chinese ships enter waters surrounding a disputed island chain claimed by both China and Japan amid deteriorating relations between the two regional powers, prompting Japan to summon its Chinese ambassador in protest

2013: Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak announces fresh measures to benefit the country’s ethnic Malay majority despite an earlier pledge to reform the controversial affirmative action policy


Holidays and observances

India:  Hindi Day as Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the Official Language of the Union on 14th September 1949.

On 13 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 13, 2018

1229: Ögedei Khan is proclaimed Khagan of the Mongol Empire in Kodoe Aral, Khentii: Mongolia

1500 : Pedro Alvarez Cabral, a Portuguese explorer and navigator arrived in Calicut and opened the first European factory in India

1694: Birth of Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (1776-1800), who died on March 5, 1776

1872: Birth of Kijūrō Shidehara, Japanese politician, 44th Prime Minister of Japan (Oct 1945-May 1946) who died on March 10, 1951

1900: Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War

1907 : General Macario Sakay, revolutionary leader and among the last of the Filipino resistance fighters to surrender to the Americans, is hanged


1910: Death of Rajanikanta Sen, Bangladeshi poet and composer, born on July 28, 1865

1912: Death of Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general, born on December 25, 1849

1929: Death after a long hunger strike of Jatindra Nath Das, Indian freedom fighter and activist, born on October 27, 1904

1942: During the World War II, second day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge in the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces’s_Ridge

1945: British troops arrive in Vietnam to disarm the Japanese

1948: Indian Government troops enter in the Hyderabad State


1961: Birth of KK Null, Japanese musician

1964: Attempted military coup against Vietnam’s General Nguyen Khanh government fails

1968: In Vietnam, Large operation begins in the DMZ

1971: Birth of Manabu Namiki, Japanese composer

1971: Marshal Lin Biao dies in the crash of a Chinese Trident jet plane inside Mongolia, officially fleeing with his personal entourage toward the Soviet Union, following unsuccessful plans for a coup d’etat and an assassination plot against Mao Zedong

1973: Birth of Kelly Chen, Hong Kong singer

1973: Death of Sajjad Zaheer, Urdu writer and revolutionary, born on November 5, 1905

1973: Death of Sun Fo or Sun Ko (孫科), high-ranking official in the government of the Republic of China and son of Sun Yat-sen

1973: Birth of Mahima Chaudhry, Indian actress

1974: Three members of the Japanese Red Army kidnap French ambassador in Hague

1989: Death of Chinese early famous movie actor Zheng Xiaoqiu, born on May 22, 1910

Zheng Xiaoqu

1997: Mother Teresa’s State Funeral in Calcutta

2000: In Xiamen , trials in the biggest corruption scandal in Communist China’s history opens with senior officials facing the death penalty for a multi-billion dollar smuggling scam

2008: Five bombs have ripped through busy shopping areas of India’s capital, Delhi, within minutes of each other, killing at least 20 people

2010: Police shoot dead 18 civilians in the deadliest day in Indian-administered Kashmir since protests erupted three months ago

2010: Japan releases the 14 crew members of a Chinese fishing vessel seized last week after a maritime clash but keeps its captain in custody

2011: Taliban gunmen launch attacks in Kabul, targeting NATO’s headquarters, the US embassy and the Afghan intelligence agency. Gunfire and blasts engulf the most heavily protected part of the Afghan capital

2013: India’s main opposition named hardline Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi as its prime ministerial candidate for next year’s elections

2016: Taiwan asks its diplomatic allies to send the United Nations secretary-general a letter requesting participation in three U.N. agencies

2017: Singapore names Halimah Yacob first woman president amid concerns over election process

On 12 September in Asian history


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Updated on September 12, 2018

372: During the Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.

1736: Birth of Hsinbyushin, Burmese king who died on June 10, 1776

1875: Birth of Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor, who died on September 11, 1926

1885: Death of Ranbir Singh, 2nd Maharaja of Kashmir and Jammu, born on August 1830

1894: Birth of Kyuichi Tokuda, Japanese politician, Chairman of the Japanese Communist Party who died on October 14, 1953

Tokuda Kyuichi 1946

1894 : Birth of Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, leading figure of Bengali Literature who died on November 11, 1950

1896 : 13 Filipinos, the « 13 martyrs » of Cavite are executed by Spanish authorities for joining the Katipunan revolution


1897: In India, Battle of Saragarhi between twenty-one Sikhs defending an army post, and 10,000 Afghan and Orakza tribesmen.

1914: Birth of Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst, assassinated on September 22, 1988

1917: Birth of Han Suyin, Chinese-born Eurasian writer who died on November 2, 2012

1931: Gandhi arrives in England

1934: Birth of Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher

1942: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces’s_Ridge


1943: Birth of Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-born writer

1945: British forces, under Admiral Mountbatten, come back to Singapore and establish a military administration in Malaya to take control of the country, called the British Military Administration (BMA)

1945: Hajime Sugiyama, Japanese general and minister of war, commits suicide, born on January 1, 1880

1948: Invasion of the independent State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army (Operation Polo)

1948: In China, during the Civil War, the People’s Liberation Army launch the Liaoshen Campaign against the Nationalist (up to November 2)

1956: Chaudry Muhammad Ali quits as Pakistan’s prime minister and replaced by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy

1956: Birth of Leslie Cheung Kwok-wing, Hong Kong artist, singer, actor and director, who committed suicide on April 1, 2003

1960: In Laos, Prince Boun Oum associates with general Phoumi attempts a rightist counter-revolution

1962: Death of Rangeya Raghav, Indian author and playwright, born on January 17, 1923

1964: In an editorial published in the Pravda, Soviet Union accuses China of territorial claims

1965: End of the Battle of Phillora, one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

1965: United Nations General Secretary U Thant arrives in New Delhi in an attempt to solve the India-Pakistani conflict

1971: Birth of Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor and composer

1983: The USSR vetoes a United Nations Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet shooting down of a Korean civilian jetliner on September 1.

1997: Opening of the Chinese communist party’s XVth congress du PCC (up to September 18)

1999: Indonesia agrees to allow UN forces in East Timor

2001: Death of Victor Wong, Chinese-American actor, born on July 30, 1927

1986: Birth of the Chinese actress Yang Mi

2007: Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted for the crime of plunder

2007: Shinzo Abe announced he resigns as Prime Minister of Japan

2008: Malaysian authorities detains a government critic blogger by invoking a colonial-era security law that allows for indefinite detention without trial

2011: Indonesia’s second-largest political party Golkar picks tycoon and power-broker Aburizal Bakrie as its presidential candidate for elections in 2014

2012: Factory fires in two major cities in Pakistan have killed more than 300 people and injured dozens more, including some who had to leap from windows to escape the flames

2012: Officials say about 100 suspected insurgents have surrendered to authorities in Thailand’s restive south, including the alleged leader of a 2004 attack that reignited longstanding violence in the region.

2014: Taliban gunmen who shot schoolgirl Malala (later Peace Nobel prize) finally arrested. Militants boarded the teenage activist’s school bus and shot her in the head in October 2012 for her outspoken views on girls’ education, in an attack that also wounded two of her friends

2017: UN Security Council unanimously adopts new sanctions on North Korea over nuclear test

2017: Radio Free Asia closes Phnom Penh bureau amid crackdown by Hun Sen