Category Archives: On this day in Chinese history

On 17 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1950-10-17 Chute Chambo


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Updated on October 17, 2018

1862: The Qing government adopts the Huanglong flag as the national flag in its first version (will become rectangular in 1889)

1862-10-17 first Qing flag

1919: Birth of Zhao Ziyang, reformist premier of China (1980-1987) then General Secretary of the CCP (1987-1989), ousted because he was opposed to the repression of the Tiananmen Square students movement

1950: Local leader Ngapo Ngawang Jigme accepts the capitulation of Chambo, one of the three parts of Tibet, to China

1950-10-17 Chute Chambo

1967: Death of Puyi the last Chinese emperor, born on February 7, 1906

Puyi et Li shuyi 1960

1974: Birth of Dhondup Wangchen, Tibetan director and producer

2003: Taipei 101 become the World’s tallest highrise building at 1,671 feet after the pinnacle is fitted on the roof

2005: Death of Ba Jin, famous Chinese writer


2007: The Dalai Lama receives the United States Congressional Gold Medal

2014: China and Vietnam agree to “address and control” maritime disputes, Chinese state media said, as differences over the potentially energy-rich South China Sea have spoiled relations between the two countries and other neighbours


On 16 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 16, 2018

690: Empress Wu Zetian takes the power ousting the Tang Dynasty and establishing the Second Zhou Dynasty (until March 3, 705)

1900: Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, in which they agree to maintain the territorial integrity of China and support the ‘open door’ policy called for by US secretary of State. France and Russia will adhere few days later

1934: Start of the Chinese Communist Party one year and four days Long March


1964: PRC detonates its first nuclear weapon

1979: Chinese dissident Wei Jingsheng, arrested in late March, is sentenced to fifteen years in prison


1982: Birth of Vincy Chan, Hong Kong singer

 2010: Demonstrations are held in China and Japan about islands claimed by both countries in the East China Sea

2010-10-17 Diayutai


On 15 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 15, 2018

1265: Birth of Temür Khan, Emperor Chengzong of Yuan -China who died on February 10, 1307,_Emperor_Chengzong_of_Yuan

1904: The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur (Lushun) in China during the Russo-Japanese War

1913: Birth of Xi Zhongxun, Chinese reformist leader, father of president Xi Jinping, who died on May 24, 2002


1916: Birth of Admiral Liu Huaqing, father of the modernization of the Chinese PLA Navy

Liu Huaqing 2

1934: The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek’s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircle Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March the following day

1934: Birth of Wang Meng, Chinese writer and Minister of Culture (1986-1989)


1941: Birth of Li Tung, Taiwanese actor

1948: China’s Red army occupied Jinzhou (Manchuria)

1948-10-15 Final Attack on Jinzhou

1983: Birth of Stephy Tang, Hong Kong singer and actress

2003: China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission, with Yang Liwei as its first astronaut, becoming the third country to send a person into orbit

2004: The last border small problems between China and Russia are solved

2007: Opening of the XVIIth Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Hu Jintao makes opening to Taiwan

2009: In China, six, including one Han, are sentenced to death over clashes in Xinjiang in July, increasing to 12 the number of death sentences

2009: China’s Premier Wen Jiabao said that China intends to strengthen its cooperation with Iran, an indication Beijing would oppose growing calls in the West for additional sanctions against the Islamic regime for its nuclear program.


On 14 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 14, 2018

1901: Birth of San Yu (Chang Yu), Chinese painter who will die on August 12, 1966

1949: Chinese Red Army occupies Guangzhou (Canton)

1952: During the Korean War, United Nations and South Korean forces launch Operation Showdown against Chinese strongholds at the Iron Triangle. The resulting Battle of Triangle Hill was the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952

1982: Birth of Angela An, Chinese singer

2001: Death of general Zhang Xueliang, ruler of Manchuria, who forced Chiang Kai-shek to ally with the Communist for fighting the Japanese, born on June 3, 1901

2008: In China, eight Buddhist monks convicted of bombing a government building in Tibet during an anti-government uprising in March have been sentenced to prison, two of them for life

On 13 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 13, 2018

1332: Rinchinbal Khan, Emperor Ningzong of Yuan becomes the Khagan of the Mongols and Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty, reigning for only 53 days dying on December 5,_Emperor_Ningzong_of_Yuan

1929: Birth of Walasse Ting, Chinese-American painter who died on May 17, 2010

Walasse Ting 2

1938: Chinese troops withdrew from the Wanjialing area in Jiangxi, China, the site of a large victory three days prior on Japanese 106th division.

1938-10 Battle of Wuhan 6

1952: Birth of John Lone, Hong Kong actor

1964: Birth of Nie Haisheng, Chinese astronaut

1968: In China, president Liu Shaoqi is dismissed of all his positions

1970: The People’s Republic of  China establishes diplomatic relations with Canada

1971: China and Burundi restore diplomatic relations

1974: Birth of Hawick Lau, Chinese actor and singer

2006: Failed attempt of impeachment against Taiwan president Chen Shui-bian. The motion did not obtain the 2/3 of the votes of the members of parliament

2006: Death of Wang Guangmei, widow of president Liu Shaoqi

2011: Taiwan ex-president Chen Shui-bian gets 18 years extra jail term

2014: A court in China’s restive Xinjiang region has sentenced 12 people to death for attacks that left nearly 100 people dead in July

On 12 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 12, 2018

1902: Birth of Peng Zhen, mayor of Beijing and chairman of the National People Congress, who died on April 26, 1997

1904: Birth of Ding Ling, famous modern Chinese writer who died on March 4, 1986

1946: Death of General Joseph W. Stilwell, the man who commanded the U.S. and Chinese Nationalist resistance to Japanese incursions into China and Burma

1947: Birth of George Lam, Hong Kong singer

1953: Signature of Sino-Soviet agreement in Beijing. Soviet Union withdraws from Port-Arthur (Lüshun)

1962: India decides to expel the Chinese troops from North East Frontier Area (NEFA)

1962: In Beijing, beginning of border talks with Pakistan

1970: Canada establishes diplomatic relations with China

1970: China tests a H nuclear bomb

1976: The PRC announces that Hua Guofeng is the successor of the Late Mao Zedong as Chairman of the CPC

1986: Queen Elisabeth II is the first British monarch to visit China

1988: Israel and China sign trade deal and plan diplomatic relations

2000: Sino-French Gao Xinjian is awarded Literature Nobel Prize

2005: The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 is launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Haishèng for five days in orbit

2009: China sentences six Uighur to death over July ethnic riots last July in Xinjiang

On 11 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 11, 2018

1086: Death of Northern Song statesman, historian Sima Guang, born on November 17, 1019


1142: The treaty of Shaoxing between the Jin dynasty and Southern Song dynasty is formally ratified when a Jin envoy visits the Song court during the Jin–Song wars.

1946: During the Chinese civil war, the Nationalist troops are blocked in Manchuria by communist forces

1955: The sixth plenum of the Chinese communist Party’s 11th Central ends its meeting opened on October 4 to study agricultural problems. It adopts a resolution for the acceleration of the collectivization

1969: Death in jail of famous Chinese historian Wu Han, a victim of the Cultural Revolution, born on August 11, 1909

Wu Han

2010: A group of 31 retired Communist Party officials have published a letter calling on the party’s censors to allow greater press freedom in China

2012: China’s Mo Yan wins Nobel literature prize. The 57-year-old is the first Chinese resident to win the prize. Chinese-born Gao Xingjian was honoured in 2000, but is a French citizen.

2016: Imprisoned Chinese Uygur scholar Ilham Tohti given top human rights award. Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and eight other groups bestow honour on economics professor who was jailed for life in 2014 on charges of separatism

On 10 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan




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Updated on October 10, 2018

1837: Birth of Liu Yongfu (Liu Yung-fu), Chinese soldier of fortune and commander of the celebrated Black Flag Army who won fame as a Chinese patriot fighing against the French in northern Vietnam (Tonkin) and resistance to the Japanese invasion of Taiwan. Died in 1917

1895: Birth of Lin Yutang, Chinese, writer (My Country & My People) and inventor, who died on March 26, 1976

1896: Birth of Xiao San, Chinese Communist poet and translator, who died on February 4, 1983

1900: In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

1903: Birth of Bei Shizhang, Chinese biologist and educator who died on October 29, 2009

Bei Shizhang3

1906: Birth of Fei Mu, Chinese film director who died on 31 January 1951

1911: The Wuchang Uprising, first armed revolt, will lead to the demise of Qing Dynasty, the last Imperial court in China at the end of the year, and the founding of the Republic of China on January 1st 1912


1911: The Kowloon-Canton Railway (split into MTR East Rail Line and Guangshen Railway now) commences service between Kowloon and Canton.

1928 : Chiang Kai-shek is named director of the State Council, the equivalent to President of the Republic of China

Chiang Kai-shek 1927

1943: Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as the president of China

1945: The Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang signed a principle agreement in Chongqing about the future of post-war China. Later, the pact is commonly referred to as the Double Tenth Agreement

1949: Birth of Wang Wanxing, Chinese activist, prisoner of conscience during 13 years

1963: Birth of Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer who died on December 30,  2003

1970: Birth of Bai Ling, Chinese American actress

1977: In Beijing, opening of negotiations with Vietnam on the border question

1979: Birth of Wu Chun, Brunei born Taiwanese actor and singer

1980: Death of Zhao Dan, Chinese actor and director born on June 27, 1915


1984: Birth of Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer

1992: Death of Chinese calligrapher Sha Menghai, born on June 11, 1900

2012: China’s central bank governor and finance minister have withdrawn from upcoming International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank meetings being held in Japan.

2014: Thousands of people are demonstrating in Hong Kong’s financial district after protest leaders called for a show of strength

2014: In one of his hardest slaps ever against the Communist leadership in Beijing, Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou says that China should embrace democracy and should start by allowing free elections in Hong Kong

2015 : At the National Day celebrations, President Ma Ying-jeou recounted the achievements under his leadership over the past seven years, especially his China policy. He said cross-strait relations are at their best in more than 60 years

2016: On national day, Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen continues call for Beijing talks but refuses to accept ‘one China’ principle’



Taiwan: National day of the Republic of China

On 9 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 9, 2018

1793: Death of Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary in China from 1750 to his death, born on February 8, 1718

1956: Birth of Lu Hsiao-fen, Taiwanese actress

1959: Death of Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and director of the biological warfare unit 731. Responsible of thousands on Chinese

1963: China rejects Indian offer of an international arbitration to solve their border dispute

1980: Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.

Dalai Lama and John Paul 2

2011: China marks 100th anniversary of revolution




On 8 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan


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Updated on October 8, 2018

1735: Death of Yongzheng, Chinese emperor since 1723

1740 : Local Chinese assault on Diestpoort, Batavia

1856: Qing officials boarded the Arrow, a Hong Kong registered ship, and imprisoned twelve Chinese sailors. The Arrow incident was the start of the Second Opium War (1857-1860)


1879: Birth of Chen Duxiu, first chairman of the Chinese communist party (1921-1927), who died on May 27, 1942, of heart attack

1884 : During the Sino-French war, Battle of Tamshui (Taiwan)

1900: Sun Yat-sen launches Huizhou uprising

1937: Birth of Ho Fan, Chinese actor and director

1941: The Battle of Changsha (September 6 – October 8, 1941) was Japan’s second attempt in taking the city of Changsha, China, the capital of Hunan Province as part of the second Sino-Japanese War

1950: Mao Zedong decides the foundation of a Voluntary Corps for Korea

1960: Lin Biao introduces his political education program for the People’s Army of Liberation


2001: In a short visit to China, Japanese PM Junichiro Koizumi apologies for the suffers endured in China during Japanese invasion

2006: New Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pays his first trip abroad to China, aiming to normalize very strained relations since five years

2006-10-08 Abe Hu

2010: Liu Xiaobo, an impassioned literary critic, political essayist and democracy advocate repeatedly jailed by the Chinese government for his activism, wins the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of “his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China.”

2013: Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader,The founder of the first Tibetan Buddhist center in Europe is stabbed to death in China, born in 1940