Category Archives: On this day in Chinese history

On 26 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 26 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 26, 2017

1233: During the Mongol–Jin War, the Mongols capture Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin Dynasty, after besieging it for months

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_siege_of_Kaifeng

1901: In China, two leaders of the Boxer Revolt, Chi Xiu and Xu Chengyou, are publicly beheaded

1914: Death of Zhao Bingjun, third Premier of the Republic of China, probably poisoned by Yuan Shikai
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhao_Bingjun

1969: Birth of Wang Dan, one of the students leaders in the 1989 Tiananmen Square protest
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Dan
http://edition.cnn.com/2005/US/10/05/cnn25.wang.tan/index.html

1980: Birth of Alex Fong, Hong Kong singer
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/fong_lik_sun.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMAn3Rf8F3g

2011: Death of Zhu Guangya, one of China’s « two bombs and one satellite » father, born on December 25, 1924
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-02/26/c_13751633.htm

http://english.cntv.cn/program/china24/20120206/108832.shtml

http://english.cast.org.cn/n1181872/n1182069/13431973.html

http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2061.html

On 25 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 25 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY INCLUDING TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 25, 2017

1398: Birth of Chinese emperor Xuande (1425-1435) who died on January 31, 1435
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xuande

1682: Death of Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso, 5th Dalai Lama, born in 1617
http://www.treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Ngawang-Lobzang-Gyatso/6065
http://www.dorjeshugden.com/great-masters/enlightened-lamas-series/the-great-fifth-dalai-lama-ngawang-lobsang-gyatso-1617-1682/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1853.html

1715: Death of Pu Songling, Chinese writer, born on June 5, 1640
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu_Songling
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/59History8670.html?PHPSESSID=4bf3eee504fd40ed13b89a3c1f23d340

1850: Death of Emperor Daoguang (1820-1850), born in September 1782
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Daoguang_Emperor
http://www.cultural-china.com/chinaWH/html/en/33History2628.html

1875: Guangxu Emperor of China begins his reign, under Empress Dowager Cixi’s regency
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2011/12/monarch-profile-emperor-guangxu-of.html
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2010/12/consort-profile-empress-dowager-cixi.html

1910: The 13th Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso flees Tibet from Chinese troop to British-Indies
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/13th_Dalai_Lama

1921: The Living Buddha, Khutuktu, is crowned king of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2009/04/monarch-profile-viii-bogd-khan.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogd_Khan

1926: In China, the Kuo Min Tang (Guomindang) declares war on warlords

1970: Birth of Teresa Lee, Hong Kong actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Teresa_Lee

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c1m22gQI8bA

1971: In his second annual State of the World address to Congress, Nixon states « The United States is prepared to see the People’s Republic of China play a constructive role in the family of nations. » It is the first time the president refers to the P.R.C. by its formal name

1989: US president George H. W. Bush (former US representative in China in the 70s) arrives in Beijing
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1911.html

1989-02-25 Bush in Beijing

1992: In China, the “Law on Territorial Waters and Their Contiguous Areas”  is adopted by the National People’s Assembly that includes all South China Sea in Chinese territory
http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Law_on_the_Territorial_Sea_and_the_Contiguous_Zone_of_the_Republic_of_China

2011: China eliminates capital punishment for some economic crimes, as it moved to curb use of the death penalty in a country believed to execute more people than the rest of the world combined
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20110225-265390.html
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-02/25/c_13750127.htm

2016: The United States and China reach an agreement on a new United Nations Security Council draft resolution aimed at punishing North Korea in the wake of its recent nuclear test and for violating previous résolutions
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/02/24/world/un-north-korea-draft-resolution-sanctions/index.html
http://www.arirang.co.kr/News/News_View.asp?nseq=188592

On 24 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 24 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 24, 2017

1881: China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Saint_Petersburg_(1881)
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/St.+Petersburg+Treaty+of+1881

1933: League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria. Refusing to leave,  Japan withdraws from League of Nations
http://www.johndclare.net/league_of_nations6_news.htm

1935: Qu Qiubai, a pro-Soviet Chinese communist leader is captured by the Kuomintang forces. He will be sentenced to death one year later
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qu_Qiubai
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1927.html

1947: Birth of Adam Cheng, Hong Kong actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_Cheng

1962: Death of Hu Shi, Chinese philosopher and writer, born on December 17, 1891
http://www.chinaheritagequarterly.org/articles.php?searchterm=029_grieder.inc&issue=029
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hu_Shih

http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1899.html

1962: Beijing warns that U.S. military action in South Vietnam is « a direct threat » to North Vietnam, and therefore « seriously affects the security of China and the peace of Asia”

1997: The Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, who died on 19 February is cremated http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9702/24/deng.funeral.am/
http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=860&dat=19970224&id=4YEeAAAAIBAJ&sjid=8coEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4589,3628888

1997-02-24 Deng cremated

2005: After losing legislative elections, Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian signs an agreement with James Soong in which he renounces to his principal anti-China objectives

2015: Death of Tyzen Hsiao, Taiwanese pianist, composer, and conductor, born on January 1, 1938 http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2015/02/26/2003612259 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyzen_Hsiao
http://www.unsungcomposers.com/forum/index.php?topic=5511.0

 

On 23 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 23 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 23, 2017

1100: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhezong, born in January 1076
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Zhezong_of_Song

1464: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhengtong (1435-1449) and again from 1457 to 1464 under the name of Tianshen, born on November 29, 1427
http://www.mingtombs.eu/emp/06zhengtong/zhengtong.html
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Ming/personsmingyingzong.html

1873: Birth of Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar, who died on January 19, 1929
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liang_Qichao
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/50History6660.html?PHPSESSID=c9b8fad6d185477b424c340b9409dd79

1885: During the Sino-French War, French Army captures Dong Dang

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_%C4%90%E1%BB%93ng_%C4%90%C4%83ng

1933: Japan starts invasion of China, north of the Great Wall

1951: Death of Chinese famous educator Zhang Boling, born on April 5, 1876
http://www.bdcconline.net/en/stories/z/zhang-boling.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Boling

1953: Birth of Kenny Bee, Hong Kong singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenny_Bee

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gCXD1gyrD8s

2004: In Beijing, second round of talks in the Six-countries Conference (Koreas, China, Japan, USA, Russia) trying to put an end to the nuclear crisis in North Korea). No agreement reached

2012: Envoys from the United States and North Korea have met in Beijing for their first talks on dismantling Pyongyang’s nuclear programme since the death of Kim Jong-il

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/24/world/asia/us-and-north-korean-officials-meet-for-talks-in-china.html?_r=1&ref=asia

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/02/201222354626464321.html

On 22 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 22 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 22, 2017

705: Wu Zetian (81), the only one Chinese empress, since October 16, 690, is forced to transfer the throne, restoring the Tang dynasty
http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/heroine6.html

1784: The ship called the Empress of China, the first U.S. merchant vessel to trade with China, sets sail from New York

Empress of China (ship)

1799: Infaming Qing dynasty Chinese official at court, Heshen, born on May 30, 1750, is forced to commit suicide
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heshen

1927: Shanghai workers hold a second armed uprising
https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/isaacs/1938/tcr/ch07.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1926.html

1929: Birth of James Hong, Chinese-American actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0393222/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Hong
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xcnvpz_actorys-secrets-from-james-hong_shortfilms

1940: Five-year old Tenzin Gyatso is enthroned as the 14h Dalai Lama in Lhasa, Tibet
http://video.about.com/asianhistory/Profile-of-Tenzin-Gyatso–Dalai-Lama.htm

1973: Sino-US Communiqué announcing the opening of Liaison Offices in Beijing and Washington

2012: China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has lodged an official complaint to Japan after a politician claimed the Nanjing Massacre never occurred
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-17125934

 

On 21 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 21 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY INCLUDING TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 21, 2017

1875: The murder of the British diplomat and explorer Augustus Raymond Margary cause a crisis between China and The United Kingdom. The “Margary Affair” will end with the Chefoo Convention signed on August 21, 1876
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34History6614.html
http://www.snipview.com/q/Augustus%20Raymond%20Margary

1914: White Wolf Bandits troops attack Zhanjiang China
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/pai-lang.htm

1951: In China, a law to punish the counter-revolutionaries leads to a one year terror campaign causing more than one million people killed
http://chineseposters.net/themes/counterrevolutionaries.php
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_to_Suppress_Counterrevolutionaries

1972: US president Richard Nixon starts his historical visit to China (up to February 28)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/21/newsid_2728000/2728761.stm

http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/feb-20-1972-president-nixon-visits-china-9411161

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-arrives-in-china-for-talks
http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/107545-1
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1409.html

1972-02-21 Nixon arrive en Chine

1972: Death of Zhang Guohua, Chinese general and politician, born in October 1914
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Guohua

1973: Birth of Bowie Tsang, Taiwanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bowie_Tsang

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_e0aJUNjufM

1976: Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, at China’s invitation, for a nine-day visit, during which he meets with Mao Zedong on February 24. The visit is a clear demonstration of China’s disenchantment with President Ford.

1976-02-24 Mao Nixon

1983: Marshal Ye Jianying, 85, is forced by Deng Xiaoping to resign as chief of state of China
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/yejianying.shtml

2001: China publishes a new White Paper on Taiwan threatening of a military intervention

2002: First official visit of US president George W. Bush in China
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/zhuanti/Zhuanti_237.html
http://www.c-span.org/video/?168772-1/uschina-joint-news-conference

2014: Obama hosts Dalai Lama at White House. The US leader vowed « strong support » for the protection of Tibetans’ human rights in China during the encounter
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-26271596
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/21/china-us-barack-obama-dalai-lama

On 20 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 20 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 20, 2017

1846: An imperial edict says again, under some restrictions, that catholic activities are authorized in China

1932 Japanese troops occupy Tunhua (Dunhua), Jilin province in China
http://www.geographic.org/geographic_names/name.php?uni=-2690577&fid=1241&c=china

2011: Police in China showed up in force in several major cities after an online call for a « jasmine revolution ». Calls for people to protest and shout « we want food, we want work, we want housing, we want fairness », were circulated on Chinese microblog sites
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12517909
http://www.france24.com/en/20110220-china-cracks-down-middle-east-inspired-protests

 

On 19 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 19 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 19, 2017

1862: Saint Lucy Yi Zhenmei (one of Martyrs of Guizhou) is beheaded, born on December 19, 1815
https://catholico.wordpress.com/2015/05/09/saint-lucy-yi-zhenmei/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_Yi_Zhenmei

1927: At the Communist Party initiative, several Thousands of -Shanghai workers stage a general strike
https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/isaacs/1938/tcr/ch07.htm
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19270221.2.36.aspx

1938: Birth of Choekyi Gyaltsen, 10th Panchen Lama, who died on January 28, 1989
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choekyi_Gyaltsen,_10th_Panchen_Lama
http://www.tibetantrip.com/tibet-guides/buddhism/choekyi-gyaltsen-10th-panchen-lama-of-tibet.html

1958: Beijing and Pyongyang announce the withdrawal of all the Chine troops from North Korea before the end of the year
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1244.html

1960: China successfully launches the T-7, its first sounding rocket
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-7_(rocket)

1961: Albania disavows Chinese « Revisionism »

1997: Death of Deng Xiaoping, leader of China since December 1978, born on August 22, 1908
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/19/newsid_2565000/2565613.stm
http://www.nytimes.com/1997/02/20/world/deng-xiaoping-is-dead-at-92-architect-of-modern-china.html?pagewanted=all
http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9702/19/deng.obit/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1638.html

2005: United States and Japan say that stability in the Taiwan Strait is one in their strategic target

2008: Death of veteran Hong Kong actress Lydia Sum, born in Shanghai on July 21, 1945
http://in.reuters.com/article/2008/02/19/us-hongkong-lydiashum-idINSYD26589820080219

 

On 18 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 18 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 18, 2017

259 BC: Birth of Qin Shi Huangdi, first Chinese emperor, who died on September 10, 210 BC


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Shi_Huang
http://www.ducksters.com/history/china/emperor_qin_shi_huang.php

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UmVbrOe8gdA

1294: Death of Khubilai Khan, founder of the Chinese Yuan dynasty, born on September, 23 1215
http://www.biography.com/people/kublai-khan-9369657#life-under-kublai-khan
http://countrystudies.us/mongolia/18.htm

1405: Death of Tamerlane (Timur), Mongol emperor, born on April 8, 1336
http://www.historytoday.com/richard-cavendish/death-tamerlane
http://www.silk-road.com/artl/timur.shtml

1857: Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo, against the « White Rajah » James Brook

1930: Ho Chi Minh and those who gathered since the formation of the Communist Party of Vietnam hold their first party platform in Hong Kong

1932: Japan proclaims Manchukuo (Manchuria) independence
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchukuo
http://www.crwflags.com/FOTW/FLAGS/cn_j_mk.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_aZWY2Pm3g&feature=related

1938: Beginning of the bombing of Chongqing by the Japanese airplanes, up to August 23, 1943
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34History7592.html
http://timelines.com/1938/2/18/japanese-army-begins-sustained-bombing-of-chongqing

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xkHUvRp9buw

1938: During the Nanking Massacre, the Nanking Safety Zone International Committee is renamed « Nanking International Rescue Committee » and the safety zone in place for refugees falls apart

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Committee_for_the_Nanking_Safety_Zone

1942: The Imperial Japanese Army begins the systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sook_Ching
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_40_2005-01-24.html

http://fr.slideshare.net/tysjason/japanese-occupation-16372400?related=1

1951: Birth of Chen Shui-bian, president of Taiwan (2000-2008)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2172980.stm

1959: For the first time in Tibet history, legislative elections are organized

1979: The Soviet Union warns China to stop its war against Vietnam before it could be too late

2010: Obama meets with Dalai Lama despite Chinese objections
http://edition.cnn.com/2010/POLITICS/02/18/obama.dalailama/index.html

On 17 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 17 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 17, 2017

624: Birth of Chinese only empress Wu Zetian (690-705) who died on February 22, 705
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Zetian

http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/1985.html

763: Shi Chaoyi’s head is delivered to Chang’an ending the An Shi Rebellion of which was the last leader and committed suicide
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Lushan_Rebellion

1661: Kangxi becomes emperor of China for the longest reign in China history (61 years)

http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/emperor-kangxi.htm
http://www.ducksters.com/history/china/kangxi_emperor.php

1908: Birth of Bo Yibo, one of the Eight Immortals of the Chinese communist party who died on January 15,  2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bo_Yibo

1955: Birth of Mo Yan, Chinese novelist, Nobel Prise 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mo_Yan
http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2014/03/14/the-mo-yan-effect-on-chinas-literary-scene/

1968: Birth of Wu’er Kaixi, one of the student leader in 1989’s Tian’anmen Square demonstrations
http://chineseculture.about.com/od/tiananmensquareprotests/p/Wuerkaixi.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu%27erkaixi

1972: President Nixon leaves the USA to Hawaii from where he will go to China

1976 Macau adopts its constitution (Organic Law of Macau)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macau_Basic_Law

1977: Establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Liberia

1979: In response to Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia, China launches a several-week attack in northern Vietnam
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/17/newsid_2547000/2547811.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/china-invades-vietnam
http://sinovietnamesewar.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PEOv_JTshCw