Category Archives: On this day in Chinese history

On 26 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 26 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type « On (date + month) in Chinese history »

Updated on November 26, 2019

1161: Battle of Caishi. A Song dynasty fleet fights a naval engagement with Jin dynasty ships on the Yangtze river during the Jin–Song Wars
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Caishi

1161 Battle of Caishi

1902 : Birth of Chinese-Marshal Luo Ronghuan who died on December 16,1963
http://maoist.wikia.com/wiki/Luo_Ronghuan
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11139.html

Luo Ronghuan

1924: The Mongolian People’s Republic is proclaimed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_People’s_Republic

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9_1oi7mUJPI&feature=related

1937: The last defence line, the Xicheng Line of Shanghai, besieged since August 13, is taken by the Japanese
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=85
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Shanghai

1937-11 Shanghai North station

1950: Chinese troops launch an counterattack against the US forces (Battle of Chosin reservoir) stopping McArthur offensive
http://www.armchairgeneral.com/articles.php?p=2352&page=1
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/chinese-counterattacks-in-korea-change-nature-of-war

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1OI40GsNiHk

1990: Death of Feng Youlan (Fung Yulan), Chinese philosopher, born on December 5, 1895
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Feng_Youlan
http://www.iep.utm.edu/feng/

1998: Japan and China  sign a Joint declaration on Building a Partnership of Friendship and Cooperation  for Peace and Development
http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/asia-paci/china/visit98/joint.html
https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/sato_01.pdf

2012: In its new travel papers, Beijing incorporates big swathes of the South China Sea and the Himalaya. In response, India is issuing Chinese citizens with visas embossed with New Delhi’s own maps. Vietnam is issuing visas on separate documents.
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Imperialist-map-in-China’s-new-passport-angers-Hanoi-and-Delhi-26458.html

2017: China jails activist Wu Gan for 8 years for ‘subverting state power’
https://www.hongkongfp.com/2017/12/26/china-jails-activist-wu-gan-8-years-subverting-state-power/
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/12/26/china-jails-human-rights-lawyer-known-super-vulgar-butcher/
https://www.voanews.com/a/wu-gan-sentenced-to-8-years-in-chinese-prison/4179270.html

 

Holidays and observances

Independence Day of Mongolia

 

On 3 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 3 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 3, 2019

1839: The first Opium war between China and Britain breaks out
http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/opiumwars/opiumwars1.html

1856: In China, a British fleet bombs Canton (Guangzhou)

1908: Birth of Chinese painter Wu Zuoren who died on April 9, 1997


http://www.widewalls.ch/artist/wu-zuoren/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Zuoren
http://www.google.fr/search?q=wu+zuoren&nord=1&biw=1366&bih=628&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=hWxWVPPcJ8aiPfregagL&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWDFDUGA4Xc

1931: Birth of Fu Tieshan, head of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Church, who died on 20 April 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Fu_Tieshan

1934: Birth of Ruma Guha Thakurta, Indian singer and actress
http://people.famouswhy.com/ruma_guha_thakurta/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruma_Guha_Thakurta

1936: Birth of Wei Hung, Taiwanese actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0402188/

1978: Deng Xiaoping  starts an historic three-day visit to Thailand
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/25797647?uid=3738016&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21104449156961

1987: Death of Liang Shih-chiu (Liang Shiqiu), Chinese educator, writer and translator; born on January 6, 1903
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liang_Shih-chiu
https://global.britannica.com/biography/Liang-Shiq

2001: Taiwanese Chen  Shui-bian lifts the banning of more than 50 billions USD projects in main China and authorizes direct commercial links

China unveils Thirteenth Five-year Plan roadmap

2015: The Communist Party of China (CPC) on Tuesday issued the full text of proposals for mapping out a blueprint for China’s development over the next five years starting 2016
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2015-11/03/content_15338906.html http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1875480/chinas-new-five-year-plan-aims-make-nation-faster
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1875271/snapshot-chinas-next-five-year-plan

2018: The Dominican Republic opened its new embassy in mainland China on Saturday, months after switching its allegiance to Beijing from the self-ruled island of Taiwan
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/2171534/dominican-republic-opens-new-embassy-mainland-china-after

On 2 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 2 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

Updated on November 2, 2019

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type « On (date + month) in Chinese history »

619: A qaghan of the Western Turkic Khaganate is assassinated in a Chinese palace by Eastern Turkic rivals after the approval of Tang emperor Gaozu
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Turkic_Khaganate
http://totallyhistory.com/emperor-gaozu-of-tang/

1082: Birth of Huizhong , emperor of China (1100-1126), who died in captivity on June 4, 1135
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Huizong_of_Song_China

1861: Chinese Dowager Cixi launches the Xinyou palace coup giving her the power for 47 years
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10436.html
http://furui-memoriesofpalace.blogspot.fr/2009/04/yixin-legendary-prince.html

1899: In China, beginning of the Boxers rebellion
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/fists.html

1910: Birth of Fei Xiaotong, Chinese sociologist who died on 24 April 2005
http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/ipro/991022-4.htm

1917: By the Lansing-Ishii agreement, the USA recognize the “special interests” of Japan in China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lansing%E2%80%93Ishii_Agreement
http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/hist/eia/documents_archive/lansing-ishii.php

1917-11-02 Ishii Kikujiro

1936: Death of Duan Qirui, Chinese warlord and politician, minister of war, Prime minister then acting president, born on March 6, 1865
http://www.thechinastory.org/ritp/tuan-chi-jui-duan-qirui-%E6%AE%B5%E7%A5%BA%E7%91%9E/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duan_Qirui

1948: During the Civil War, the Chinese Communist forces win the Liaoshen Campaign that started on September 12
http://dictionnaire.sensagent.leparisien.fr/Liaoshen%20Campaign/en-en/

1948-11-02-fin-campagne-liaoshen

1950: In North Korea, Chinese troops attack U.S. forces on both western and eastern fronts. U.S. forces withdraw

1957: Mao Zedong attends in Moscow a conference of the twelve communist parties in power

http://www.bestchinanews.com/History/5180.html
http://www.britishpathe.com/video/chinese-delegation-leaves-moscow/query/Khruschev

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0SQdRmlsyA

2002: Death of Lo Lieh, Hong Kong martial arts actor, of a heart attack,  born on June 29, 1939
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lo_Lieh

2009: Death of Nien Cheng, Chine writer, born on January 28, 1915
http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/nov/10/nien-cheng-obituary

2012: Death of Han Suyin, Chinese-English author, born on September 12, 1917
http://www.theguardian.com/books/2012/nov/04/han-suyin
http://moufawad-paul.blogspot.fr/2012/11/obituary-han-suyin.html

 

 

On 1st November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON NOVEMBER 1 IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 1, 2019

1120: Fang La leads a farmers uprising against the Northern Song dynasty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fang_La
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10408.html

1120-11-01 Fang La rebellion

1774: Wang Lun, leader of the White Lotus rebellion against the Qing dynasty, commits suicide
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Lun
https://books.google.fr/books?id=q7a5CAAAQBAJ&pg=PT271&lpg=PT271&dq=1774+Wang+Lun+leader+of+the+White+Lotus&source=bl&ots=h6cphVjUPW&sig=aluTXhvnWAAIWc2XVfW4PBgEk3s&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj275GA4pvXAhWLfhoKHcY9CRIQ6AEIWDAJ#v=onepage&q=1774%20Wang%20Lun%20leader%20of%20the%20White%20Lotus&f=false

1838: Birth of Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama who died on 31 January 1856, aged 17
https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Khedrup%20Gyatso,%2011th%20Dalai%20Lama&item_type=topic

1907: Birth of Wu Yonggang, Chinese director, who died on December 18, 1982
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Yonggang
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0943202/
http://www.dianying.com/en/person/WuYonggang

1967: During the China Cultural Revolution, founding of the first Revolutionary committee in Inner Mongolia. Others will be founded in all China

1978: Birth of Hao Lei, Chinese actress
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1165040/
http://www.zimbio.com/Hao+Lei/articles/1/Welcome+wikizine+Hao+Lei

1984: China and the United Arab Emirates establish diplomatic relations

1987: End of the XIIIth congress of the Chinese communist party. Zhao Ziyang becomes officially general secretary of the party as Deng Xiaoping retires from China’s Communist Party’s Central Committee

2010: China kicks off its once-a-decade census, a whirlwind 10-day head count that will see 6 million census takers go door-to-door to document the massive demographic changes taking place in the world’s most populous country
http://www.china-briefing.com/news/2010/11/02/china-kicks-off-once-a-decade-population-census.html
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/8101368/China-starts-worlds-biggest-census.html
http://travel.cnn.com/shanghai/life/whos-knocking-my-door-chinese-census-908827

2010-11-01 Census

2011: China launches the unmanned Shenzhou-8 spacecraft, marking the start of another key mission in the nation’s quest to assemble a permanent space station within a decade
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2011/10/2011103122199397339.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-15562928

On 31 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 31 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Chinese history »

Updated on October 31, 2019

1864: Birth of Li Yuanhong, Chinese general and political figure during the Qing dynasty and the republican era, twice president of the Republic of China, who died on June 3, 1928
http://www.gwpda.org/bio/l/li.html

1874: Agreement between Japan and China respecting Formosa (Taiwan) after a Japanese military intervention on Taiwan
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/1874treaty.htm

1887: Birth of Chiang Kai-shek, president of the Republic of China who died on April 5, 1975
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/chiang_kaishek.shtml

1916: Death of Huang Xing, Chinese revolutionary leader, militarist, and statesman, the first army commander-in-chief of the Republic of China. One of the founders of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Republic of China, born on October 25, 1874
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huang_Xing

1946: Peace talks resume in Nanjing between the Communists and the Nationalists

1968: Dong Biwu succeeds Liu Shaoqi as acting president of the People’s Republic of China, up to January 17, 1975
http://en.chinaculture.org/focus/focus/cities/2011-06/07/content_416212.htm

1970: Birth of Nicky Wu, Taiwanese actor and martial arts expert
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicky_Wu
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Nicky_Wu

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kvY006YTYE

1981: Birth of Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selina_Ren
http://yummycelebrities.com/2007/01/20/selina-ren-she/

2009: Death of Qian Xuesen, father of the Chinese nuclear bomb, born on  December 11, 1911
http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2009/nov/01/qian-xuesen-obituary
http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/evanosnos/2009/11/the-two-lives-of-qian-xuesen.html

On 29 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 29 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type « On (day + month) in Chinese history »

Updated on October 29, 2019

1889: Birth of Li Dazhao, one of the founders of the Chinese communist Party, executed on 28 April 1927
http://www.china.org.cn/china/18th_cpc_congress/2012-10/29/content_26823462.htm
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/people/li-dazhao.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10333.html

Li Dazhao 1930

1953: Non official trade agreement between China and Japan. By the way, 25,000 Japanese citizens held in China return to home

1975: Birth of Kelly Lin, Taiwanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelly_Lin

Kelly Lin

1977: Death of Chen Wangdao, communist intellectual, president of Fudan university (1949-1977), born in 1891
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Wangdao
http://jerome459.blogspot.fr/2011/05/first-to-translate-communist-manifesto.html

1982: Birth of Ariel Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
http://women.stareastasia.com/ariel-lin/
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/11/13/ariel-lin-yi-chen/


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3qmV6yEc4wg

1991: Death of Chinese painter Huang Junbi, born in 1898
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCMQFjAAahUKEwjutszKz-XIAhXEfhoKHZIBA9w&url=http%3A%2F%2Farchives.lib.ntnu.edu.tw%2Fdoc%2Fc4_1_4_eng.pdf&usg=AFQjCNHURI1hY6lQcT_kYTKv6whXnvxNeQ&sig2=AycUJG7ZqsYqfcr7gJC23w
http://www.blouinartinfo.com/artists/88834–huang-junbi

huang Junbi boating at sunset

2009: Death  of Bei Shizhang, Chinese biologist and educator who was born on October 10,1903
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bei_Shizhang

2015 : China announces that it will end one-child policy and allow two children for each couple
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/10/china-child-policy-151029110647826.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-34674444

On 28 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 28 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 28, 2019

1420: Beijing is officially designated the capital of the Ming Dynasty on the same year that the Forbidden City, the seat of government, is completed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forbidden_City

1950: Second Indian protest after Tibet invasion by communist China

1967: Birth of Monica Chan, Hong Kong actress and winner of 1989 Miss
Hong Kong Pageant
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0151044/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monica_Chan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLkQ2kMA6G8&feature=related

1979: Chairman Hua Guofeng arrives in London for the first visit of a communist
Chinese leader in UK
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/28/newsid_4114000/4114964.stm
http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/104156

1979 Hua Guofeng in GB

1998: An Air China jet is hijacked and flown to Taiwan by a pilot upset  with his pays and working conditions. He was taken into custody
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/202960.stm

2010: Death of Liang Congjie, Chinese environmentalist,  born on August 4, 1932
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/nov/15/liang-congjie-obituary

2013: Five people are killed and 38 are injured after a car crashes into barriers just outside the Beijing Forbidden City in Tiananmen Square
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-24722898

On 27 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

Jiangxi soviet

ON 27 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 27, 2019

921: Birth of Emperor Shizong of (Later) Zhou, who died on July 27, 959
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chai_Rong

1927: Foundation of the first Chinese communist revolutionary base in Jinggangshan (Jiangxi) by Mao Zedong
http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/jiangxi-soviet/
http://www.foreignercn.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7593:jinggangshan-the-cradle-of-the-chinese-revolution&catid=104:travel-in-jiangxi&Itemid=239

Jiangxi soviet

1930: In Taiwan, Wushe Incident. 134 Japanese citizens are killed
http://www.takaoclub.com/monaludao/wusheincident.htm
http://www.taiwanfirstnations.org/Wushe.html

1930-10-27 Wushe incident 2

1950: Death of Ren Bishi, Chinese military and political leader, born on April 30, 1904
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren_Bishi

1957: Birth of Tsai Ming-liang, Taiwanese movie director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsai_Ming-liang

1966: China launches a nuclear war-head missile

1982: China announces that, according to the July 1st national census, its population is at 1 billion people plus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_National_Population_Census_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China

1991: Death of Chinese writer Du Pengcheng, born in 1921

Du Pengcheng

1997: Chinese president Jiang Zemin starts his visit to the United States
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/09chinausrelations/2009-01/07/content_7374465.htm
http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/ziliao_665539/3602_665543/3604_665547/t18030.shtml

CHINA JIANG VISIT

On 26 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 26 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY,  HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 26, 2019

1491: Birth of Zhengde, Chinese Ming Dynastie emperor (1505-1521) who died on 20 April 1521
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhengde_Emperor
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Ming/personsmingwuzong.html

Emperor Zhengde 2

1850: Start of the Taiping insurgency in China led by Hong Xiuquan
 http://taipingrebellion.com/
http://www.ibiblio.org/chinesehistory/contents/03pol/c03s02.html

1937: During the sino-japanese war, the strong Nianziguan pass (in the Great Wall) falls to the Japanese

1950: India strongly protests the occupation of Tibet by Chinese forces

1962: After Chinese attack, India government proclaims State of  emergency

1965: Birth of Aaron Kwok Fu-Shing, Hong Kong singer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Kwok
http://men.stareastasia.com/aaron-kwok/

2005: Death of Rong Yiren, Chinese vice-president of the Republic  (1993-1998), a friend of Deng Xiaoping and founder of  the China Trust & Investment Corp (CITIC)
https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2005/11/chin-n29.html

Rong Yiren

On 25 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1971-11-23 RPC 1er fois ONU

ON 25 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 25, 2019

1860 : Sino-French treaty of Beijing
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10220.html

1874: Birth of Huang Xing, Chinese revolutionary leader, first army commander-in-chief of the Republic of China. One of the founders of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Republic of China, who died on October 31, 1916
https://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/huang-xing/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huang_Xing

1894: After crossing the Yalu River, the Japanese forces invade Manchuria

1915: Sun Yat-sen marries Soong Ching Ling
http://people.brandeis.edu/~dwilliam/profiles/ching-ling.htm

1919: Birth of Wei Li, Chinese actor, who died on August 21, 2005
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0508536/filmokey
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Wei_(actor)

1945: The Republic of China takes over administration of Taiwan following Japan’s surrender to general Chen Yi in the name of the Allies
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retrocession_Day

1945-10-25 Japanese surrender

1950: In the Korea War, some US advance units reach the Yalu River; there they come into contact with Chinese « volunteers » After hard fighting in which MacArthur’s units have to fall back, the Chinese retired and MacArthur continue his offensive

1951: In Panmunjom, peace talks concerning the Korean War resumed after 63 days

1958: The last Chinese troops leave North Korea

1971: The United Nations seat the People’s Republic of China by 76 votes against 35 and 17 abstentions and expelled the Republic of China
https://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/25/oct-25-1971-peoples-republic-of-china-in-taiwan-out-at-un/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_General_Assembly_Resolution_2758
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1025.html

1971-11-23 RPC 1er fois ONU

1971: Birth of Athena Chu, Hong Kong actress and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athena_Chu


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PLE1UGaDIEw

1971: Belgium & China PR establish diplomatic relations

1982: Birth of Eman Lam, Hong Kong singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eman_Lam
http://www.freebase.com/view/en/eman_lam

1993: Death of Danny Chan, Hong Kong singer/songwriter, born on September 7, 1958
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_Chan

1994: Death of Chinese general Yang Dezhi
https://thediplomat.com/2017/12/the-mysterious-death-of-a-chinese-general/

2008: Tens of thousands of protesters take to the streets in Taiwan to denounce the country’s warming ties with Beijing, which they say will threaten the self-ruled island’s sovereignty
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2008/10/2008102592629417747.html

2013: A Chinese court dismiss ousted politician Bo Xilai’s appeal against his conviction and life sentence for corruption and abuse of power in one of China’s most politically charged trials in decades.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/10/china-court-upholds-bo-xilai-life-sentence-2013102551029229115.html

2015 : Taiwan president says should remember good things Japan did
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-china/taiwan-president-says-should-remember-good-things-japan-did-idUSKCN0SJ03Y20151025


Holidays and observances

Taiwan: Retrocession Day (1945)