Category Archives: On this day in Chinese history

On 24 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1996-11-24 Clinton-Jiang at APEC

ON 24 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 24, 2017

1894: The Xingzhonghui (Revive China Society) is founded by Dr Sun Yat-sen
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revive_China_Society
http://www.liquisearch.com/revive_china_society

1898: Birth of Liu Shaoqi, president of the People’s Republic of China (1969-1968), who died in jail on November 12, 1969
http://chineseposters.net/themes/liushaoqi.php

Liu Shaoqi 2

1899: Birth of Wen Yiduo, Chinese scholar and poet who died on July 15, 1946
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wen_Yiduo
http://www.cipherjournal.com/html/sze.html

1903: In China, opening of the trade harbor of Port Arthur (Lüshun) to foreigners
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%BCshunkou

1924: General Feng Yuxiang, a warlord from the north of China, turns on his allies and seizes Peking
http://www.thechinastory.org/ritp/feng-yu-hsiang-feng-yuxiang-%E9%A6%AE%E7%8E%89%E7%A5%A5/

Feng Yuxiang

1926: Birth of Lee Tsung-dao (Li Zhengdao), physicist, 1957 Nobel Prize laureate
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsung-Dao_Lee
http://tdlee.ccast.ac.cn/eindex.html

1987: Li Peng becomes prime minister, succeeding Zhao Ziyang who has been named Secretary General of the Communist Party
httphttp://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/asia-jan-june09-li_06-02/://biography.yourdictionary.com/li-peng
http://chinavitae.com/biography/Li_Peng/full

Li Peng

 1993: Death of Zhou Peiyuan, Chinese Scientist and educator, born on August 28, 1902
http://www.nytimes.com/1993/11/25/obituaries/zhou-peiyuan-is-dead-educator-scientist-91.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_Peiyuan

1996: While attending the Informal APEC Leadership Meeting in Manila, the Philippines, Chinese President Jiang Zemin and U.S. President Bill Clinton agree that the heads of state of China and the United States would conduct mutual state visits (suspended since 1989) between 1997 and 1998
http://articles.latimes.com/1996-11-24/news/mn-2604_1_chinese-president
http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1996-11-24/news/9611240263_1_hong-kong-chinese-officials-chinese-leader

1996-11-24 Clinton-Jiang at APEC

2004: Death of Wong Jim, Hong Kong songwriter, born on March 16, 1941
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wong_Jim
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/wong_jim.htm

2009: Death of Chan Hung Lit, Hong Kong actor, born on June 7, 1943
http://asianfanatics.net/forum/topic/700079-tvb-artist-chan-hung-lit-dies-of-heart-stroke-on-the-24th-at-the-age-of-66/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2MyhP7hMcNk

2010: Huang Hua, former Mao translator and great Chinese diplomat, dies at 97. As ambassador to the United Nations, he helped lay the foundation for China’s modern foreign policy. And as foreign minister, he oversaw the formation of diplomatic ties with Washington
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/nov/25/huang-hua-obituary
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/25/world/asia/25huang.html?_r=0

 

On 23 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 23 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 23, 2017

1501: Birth of Yi Wang, Confucian scholar, who died in 1570
http://www.sunypress.edu/pdf/62482.pdf

1864: Hong Rengan, “prime minister” of the Taiping is executed, born in 1822
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Rengan
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/01/books/review/autumn-in-the-heavenly-kingdom-by-stephen-r-platt.html?pagewanted=all
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11032.html

1966: In China, during the Cultural Revolution, Red Guards attack against president Liu Shaoqi and Party secretary Deng Xiaoping

1971: The representatives of the People’s Republic of China officially attend the United Nations as the only one representatives of China in lieu of The Taipei delegates

1971-11-23 RPC 1er fois ONU

1985: Larry Wu-tai Chin, a retired CIA analyst, is arrested and accused of spying for China. He will commit suicide a year after his conviction
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Wu-Tai_Chin
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/spy/interviews/smith.html
http://www.upi.com/Archives/1985/12/06/CIA-China-specialist-Larry-Wu-Tai-Chin-made-more-than/5578502693200/

 

1993: End of Jiang Zemin first three-day visit to Cuba
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11058.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-npEbnJNPI

2003: In Hong Kong,  districts elections. Victory of the Democrats on the pro-Beijing DAB reduced  from 83 to 64 resentatives while Democratic Party up to 93
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_local_elections,_2003

2003-11-23 Elections districts

2013: China has demarcated an « air-defence identification zone » over an area of the East China Sea, covering islands that are also claimed by Japan
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-25062525
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/11/japan-protests-new-china-air-defence-zone-2013112313117557543.html
http://www.euronews.com/2013/11/23/china-air-defence-zone-sparks-fresh-row-with-japan/

china-sea-dispute

2015: In Hong Kong district election, pan-democrats win 112 out of 431 seats but fail to take control of any district
http://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/International-Relations/Pro-democracy-camp-earns-more-seats-in-Hong-Kong-election
https://www.hongkongfp.com/2015/11/23/winners-and-losers-in-the-2015-hong-kong-district-council-elections/
http://www.scmp.com/topics/hong-kong-district-council-elections-2015

 

On 22 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 22 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type « On (date + Month) in Chinese history »

Updated on November 22, 2017

1635: Dutch colonial forces on Taiwan launch a pacification campaign against native villages, resulting in Dutch control of the middle and south of the island
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Dutch_pacification_campaign_on_Formosa

1850: Death of Lin Zexu, who as commissioner of Guangzhou started the Opium War, born on August 30, 1785
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Lin_Zexu
https://jasonhedman.wordpress.com/2012/11/28/commissioner-lin-zexu-and-the-opium-war
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11004.html

1943: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0809820.html
http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=68

1972: the US  president Richard Nixon lifts the 22 year old interdiction for US citizens to  visit China

1982: Birth of Charlene Choi Cheuk Yin, Hong Kong singer (Twins)
http://alexandraseno.blogspot.com/2007/06/iht-charlene-choi-cheuk-yin-profile.html
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=1620

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bwTY5nUylE

2012: Death of K. H. Ting, Chinese bishop, born on September 20, 1915

http://episcopaldigitalnetwork.com/ens/2012/11/26/chinas-great-visionary-bishop-k-h-ting-dies-at-97/

2012: The Philippines is protesting China’s depiction of its claims over the entire South China Sea in an image of a map printed on new Chinese passports
http://www.voanews.com/content/philippines-protests-depiction-of-disputed-islands-on-new-chinese-passports/1550883.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/11/201211229560658870.html

2013: China’s first unmanned stealth drone made its first test flight in the latest advance in the arms industry, according to state media
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10467991/Chinas-first-unmanned-stealth-drone-makes-first-test-flight.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/11/chinese-stealth-drone-takes-first-test-flight-20131122134012118441.html

2015 : China says won’t cease building on South China Sea isles said Foreign affairs vice-minister
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/china-says-wont-cease-building-south-china-sea-isles
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-34894878

On 21 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

Opium addict

ON 21 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 21, 2017

1811: Birth of Zeng Guofan, Chinese general who rised the Xiang Army to fight effectively against the Taiping Rebellion and restored the power of the Qing dynasty
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Qing/personszengguofan.htm
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Zeng_Guofan

1894: In a decisive victory of the Sino-Japanese war, Port Arthur, today Lüshun (Manchuria), falls to the Japanese. 20,000 servicemen and civilians are massacred
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Arthur_massacre_%28China%29
http://sinojapanesewar.com/PortArthur.htm

1906 : China officially prohibites opium trade
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/history/om/om15.htm

Opium addict

1923: Birth of Xie Jin, Chinese film director, who died on October 18, 2008
http://www.dianying.com/en/person/XieJin
http://www.filmreference.com/Directors-Ve-Y/Xie-Jin.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xie_Jin

1959: Birth of Yee Chin-yen, Taiwanese film director
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0947140/
http://www.cinemasie.com/fr/fiche/personne/chihyenyee/

1973: Birth of Alice Chan (Chan Wai), Hong Kong  actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Alice_Chan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjOun31_owc

1980: Birth of Elaine Yiu, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elaine_Yiu
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=13520

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjIWqrkNKIE

2006: Hu Jintao is the first Chinese head of state to visit India
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6158824.stm
http://www.idsa.in/idsastrategiccomments/HuJintaosIndiaVisitBoostsSinoIndianRelations_JPPanda_301106.html

2014: Death of Wang Kun, Chinese actress and singer, born in 1925
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wang_Kun_(singer)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=swnJSKv8T-k

On 20 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1962-11-20-retrait-chinois

ON 20 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on 20 November 2017

762: During An Shi Rebellion, Tang Dynasty, with the help of Bogu, khan of the Uyghur Huihe tribe, recaptured Luoyang from the rebels
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_Khaganate
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Lushan_Rebellion

811: Death of Li Fan, Chinese politician, born in 754
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Fan_(Tang_dynasty)

1915: Birth of Hu Yaobang, General Secretary of the China communist party from 1980 to 1987, who died on April 15, 1989
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hu_Yaobang
http://www.chinatoday.com/who/h/hu.yaobang.htm

1937: After the fall of Shanghai, the Chinese capital is moved from Nanjing to Chongqing
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10949.html

1948: American consul  in China held « hostage » by communists
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/american-consul-in-china-held-hostage-by-communists

1950: During the  Korea War, the US 7th Division, reaches the Yalu River on China border

1962 Birth of Peng Liyuan, Chinese folk music singer, wife of CCP General secretary o Xi Jinping
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peng_Liyuan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O6-hbh3r8bM&feature=related

1962: In the war with  India, Beijing decides a cease-fire and starts the withdrawal of Chinese forces

1962-11-20-retrait-chinois
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Indian_War
http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/lessons-from-the-1962-sino-indian-war-in-ladakh/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XstW0q0efY4&feature=related

1963: Birth of Wan Yanhai, Chinese AIDS activist
http://worldfellows.yale.edu/wan-yanhai
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wan_Yanhai

1970: The majority of United Nations General assembly vote for given  to Beijing the seat of China to Beijing, but din’t obtains the 2/3 majority  required

1978: Birth of Freya Lin, Taiwanese singer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freya_Lim

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8IeT4QkxxU

1980: In China,  opening of the trial of the Gang of Four and of five generals accomplices of  Marshal Lin Biao
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/gangoffour/Gangof4.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gang_of_Four
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10959.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=91LEZxKlkrc

1985: Birth of Aaron Yan, Taiwanese singer and actor (Fahrenheit)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Yan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2JSmFugo3ao

1988: Egypt and China  announce that they would recognize the Palestinian state proclaimed by the  Palestine National Council

2010: Fr Joseph Guo Jincai  is ordained bishop of Chengde (Hebei) without a mandate from the pope in the forced  presence of eight bishops in communion  with the Holy See
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/11/20101120162119450232.html
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Chengde,-eight-bishops-in-communion-with-Pope-participate-in-illicit-ordination-20044.html

2012: Leaders of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) decide to ask China to start formal talks “as soon as possible” on crafting a legally binding code of conduct in the West Philippine Sea (South China Sea) aimed at preventing violence over disputed territories.
http://www.asianewsnet.net/home/news.php?id=39081&sec=1
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Asean-Summit,-no-agreement-between-the-U.S.-and-Cina-regarding-the-South-China-Sea-26402.html

 

On 19 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 19 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 19, 2017

1931: Death in an airplane crash of Xu Zhimo Chinese poet, born on January 15, 1897
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xu_Zhimo
http://www.poemhunter.com/xu-zhimo/biography/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10909.html

1936: Birth of Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1986/lee-bio.html

1946: Negotiations between Chinese Communists and Nationalists (since October 21) end. By the end of November, heavy fighting will resume
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/chinese-civil-war.htm

1946-11-19-fin-chiang-mao-discussions

1978: For the first time, a dazibao poster criticizes Mao Zedong, saying he has been manipulated by the Gang of four

1980: Start of three days of anti-Chinese rioting break out in Surakarta (Indonesia). Violence spreads to Semarang, Pekalongan, and Kudus. Military is brought in to restore order

1990: Death of Sun Li-jen (Sun Liren) a Kuomintang (KMT) general, famous for his combats against Japanese troops, nicknamed the Chinese Rommel, born on December 8, 1900
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=81
http://www.nytimes.com/1990/11/21/obituaries/sun-li-jen-91-war-hero-in-burma-fighting-dies.html

1999: From Jiuquan Satellite center, China launches its first unmanned Shenzhou 1 spacecraft which landed in Inner Mongolia the following day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenzhou_1
http://www.astronautix.com/s/shenzhou.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=estRlHx_HfE

2013: Spain’s National Court issues arrest orders for former Chinese president Jiang Zemin and four other officials as part of a probe into alleged genocide by China against Tibet
http://asiancorrespondent.com/116095/spain-issues-arrest-order-for-chinas-ex-leader/

On 18 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 18 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 18, 2017

763: Under king Trisong Detsen, Tibetan take Chang’an (now Xi’an), the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty Daizong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trisong_Detsen

1155: Death of Song Dynasty chancellor and famous traitor Qin Hui, born in 1090
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Hui
http://www.chinaheritagequarterly.org/features.php?searchterm=028_yuefei.inc&issue=028

Qin Hui

1836: Birth of Chinese Admiral Ding Ruchang who commited suicide on February 12, 1895
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ding_Ruchang
http://www.myjapanesehanga.com/home/artists/migata-toshihide-1863-1925/chinese-admiral-ding-ruchang-about-to-commit-suicide-after-surrendering-to-japanese-forces

Ding Ruchang

1899: Birth of Li Lisan, Chinese communist leader who died on June 22, 1967
http://www.marxists.org/archive/li-lisan/index.htm
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/cpc2011/2011-05/09/content_12475163.htm

1964: Birth of Wan Siu-lun, Hong Kong actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deric_Wan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeoRtVBuJKw&feature=related

1984: Death of Li Pingqian, Chinese film director, born on January 1,  1902
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0508496/
http://www.dianying.com/en/person/LiPingqian/profile

 

On 17 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 17 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type « On (date + month) in Chinese history »

Updated on November 17, 2017

344: Death of Emperor Kang of Jin, born in 322
http://luis-moutinho.blogspot.fr/2008/09/emperor-kang-of-jin.html

342-344 Emperor Kang of Jin

1019: Birth of Northern Song Dynasty historian Sima Guang
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Sima_Guang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sima_Guang

1612: Birth of Dorgon (prince Rui), one of the most influential Manchu  princes in the early Qing Dynasty who died on December 31, 1650
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorgon

1828: Birth of Early Modern reformist Yung Wing, founder of the Chinese Educational Mission in the USA
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yung_Wing
http://connecticuthistory.org/yung-wing-the-chinese-educational-mission-and-transnational-connecticut/#sthash.CW3V3Xxx.dpuf

1950: Tenzin Gyatso,  the 14th Dalai Lama, is called upon to assume full political power (head of the  State and Government) after some 80,000 Peoples Liberation Army soldiers  entered Tibet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/14th_Dalai_Lama

1967: Birth of Chan Ka-lin (Charine Chan), Hong Kong actress
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=334

2014: Chinese President Xi Jinping vows always to use peaceful means in pursuit of Beijing’s goals, including in maritime disputes, just days after US President Barack Obama warned of the dangers of outright conflict in Asia.
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/nov/17/xi-jinping-says-china-will-always-seek-to-resolve-disputes-peacefully

On 16 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 16 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on November 16, 2017

1884: Because the  Russian threat, Xinjiang is formally incorporated into the Chinese empire as a  province

1892: Birth of Guo Moruo, Chinese writer, who died on June 12, 1978
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Guo_Moruo

1899: France and the Chinese government sign the Treaty of Guangzhou Bay Concession puting in force the April 12, 1898 Treaty
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10821.html
http://www.chinaforeignrelations.net/node/170
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guangzhouwan

Kouang Tcheou Wan

1943: Birth of Ho Wai Ching, Hong Kong actress
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2246553/

1972: Establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Luxembourg

1997: Chinese  pro-democracy campaigner Wei Jingsheng arrived in the United States after being  released on medical parole after nearly 18 years in prison
http://www.weijingsheng.org/wei/en.html

2009: In Shanghai,  pressing for greater freedoms on China’s own turf,  President Barack Obama speaks against censorship, saying tough criticisms of  political leaders should be allowed and the free flow of information on the Internet « should be encouraged. »
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/33958780/ns/politics-white_house/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8361471.stm

2015: India, China agree to deepen defence ties, maintain peace at LAC
http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-india-china-agree-to-deepen-defence-ties-maintain-peace-at-lac-2145958

On 15 November in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 15 NOVEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type « On (date + month) in Chinese history »

Updated on November 15, 2017

1706: Death of Tsangyang Gyatso, the 6th dalai lama, born in 1683
http://deathaday.blogspot.com/2007/11/november-15-dalai-lama-vi.html

1908: Death of Chinese empress dowager Cixi. Pu Yi (two years old) becomes emperor
http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/known/cixi.htm
http://womenshistory.about.com/od/rulers19thcentury/p/cixi.htm

1929: -The Chinese communist Party expels its founder Chen Duxiu
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Chen_Duxiu

1978: In China, start of the « Beijing Spring » Movement (Democracy wall)
http://www.time.com/time/asia/magazine/99/0927/democracy_wall.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democracy_Wall
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10804.html

1999: Representatives from China and the United States sign a major trade agreement that involves China’s membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)
http://www.techlawjournal.com/trade/19991116.htm

2002: End of the 16th Chinese Communist Party congress. Hu Jintao succeeds Jiang Zemin as General Secretary, but Jiang keeps the chairmanship of the CCP Central military Commission
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_National_Congress_of_the_Communist_Party_of_China

Hu Jintao 2003

2009: U.S. President Barack Obama begins his first state visit to China
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/obamavisitchina/
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/18/world/asia/18prexy.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BtmsoNAy_rM

2012: Xi Jinping is elected general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee at the first plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on Thursday morning.
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/NK16Ad02.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-20322288
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-20321603
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/The-new-members-of-the-CPC-politburo-(An-overview)-26366.html

2016: A Hong Kong court disqualifies two pro-independence politicians from taking office, ruling their oath of allegiance invalid in a judgment in step with Beijing which last week intervened in the city’s legal system
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/15/hong-kong-bans-pro-democracy-politicians-after-beijing-rewrites-oath-law
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-37984118