Category Archives: On this day in Chinese history

On 22 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 22 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 22, 2018

1912: Tsinghua University, one of mainland China’s leading universities, is founded
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsinghua_University

1948: People’s Liberation Army regained Yan’an, the former capital of Mao Zedong after the Long March

1951: During the Korean War, the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army begin assaulting positions defended by the Royal Australian Regiment and the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry at the Battle of Kapyong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kapyong
http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/11/09/korean-war-battle-of-kapyong-among-canadas-greatest-victories/

1955: Birth of Johnnie To, Hong Kong film director and producer
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0864775/
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/to_johnnie.htm

2014: The United States and countries bordering the Pacific sign a deal to reduce the chance of accidental clashes at sea
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27118587

On 21 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 21 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 21, 2018

1951: U.S. Defense Department announces the appointment of a Military Assistance Advisory Group for Taiwan, on whose recommendation the U.S. resumes direct military aid to the Nationalists

1959: The 14th Dalai Lama arrives in Mussoorie, India, receiving political sanctuary there
http://www.dailypioneer.com/state-editions/dehradun/dalai-lamas-close-bond-with-mussoorie.html

1960: The disagreements between Beijing and Moscow publicly disclosed by some texts published in the Red Flag under the title « Long life Leninism »

1970: On the same day that Soviet Party leader Leonid Brezhnev condemns the anti-Soviet campaign in China, the Beijing People’s Daily publishes an editorial calling for the overthrow of the Soviet government. A joint editorial in three leading Chinese newspapers the next day criticizes the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and attacks the Brezhnev Doctrine

1989: The day before the Hu Yaobang’s funeral, 100,000 students march on Tiananmen Square, gathering there before the square could be closed off for the funeral
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/chinese-students-begin-protests-at-tiananmen-square

2014: A court in Shanghai orders the seizure of a Japanese ship as reparation for a debt dating back to the 1930s. The move is considered the first confiscation of Japanese assets in a lawsuit over wartime compensation
http://www.voanews.com/content/chinese-court-orders-japanese-boat-seized-for-wartime-compensation/1897720.html

On 20 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 20 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 20, 2018

1521: Death of Chinese emperor Zhengde (1505-1521), born on 26 October 1491
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhengde

1872: Birth of Zhang Lan Founder of the Chinese Democratic Ligue,in 1941, who died on February 9, 1955
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Lan

Zhang Lan

1938: Birth of -famous Taiwanese writer Chiung Yao (Qiong Yao)
http://chinesefemalewriters.blogspot.fr/2011/12/chiung-yao.html
http://www.chinawhisper.com/top-10-most-popular-tv-series-of-qiong-yao/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/4068.html

1948: Chiang Kai-shek is elected President of the Republic of China by the National Assembly in Nanjing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_China_presidential_election,_1948

1949: During an communist offensive in the Yanzijiang valley, British ships are hit. 44 are killed and 60 wounded
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/18112432

1959: Birth in Hong Kong of American producer James Wong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Wong_(producer)
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0939128/

1965: People’s Republic of China offers military aid to North Vietnam

1979: Birth of Quinn Weng, Taiwanese singer (Seraphim)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinn_Weng


http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x91lja_seraphim-vanishing-destruction_music

2001: China removes homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses

2002: In Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian renounces to be a president over the parties and is reelected chairman of th Democratic Progressive Party

2007: Death of Michael Fu Tieshan, head of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Church, born on 3 November 1931
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=9060

2015: Pakistan and China sign 51 Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) relating to diverse aspects of bilateral relations, including the Pakistan China Economic Corridor
http://www.dawn.com/news/1177109/economic-corridor-in-focus-as-pakistan-china-sign-51-mous
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32377088

2017: China launches its first cargo spacecraft, Tianzhou-1, into space, a crucial step for the country in building a space station by approximately 2022
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2017-04/20/content_15602807.html
http://www.euronews.com/2017/04/20/one-small-step-china-launches-first-cargo-spacecraft

On 19 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 19 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 19, 2018

1927: In China, Hankow (Hankou), communists declare war on Chiang Kai-shek

1928: In China, Japan occupies Shandong

1980: Birth of Dong Jie, Chinese actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Dong_Jie
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/dong_jie.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wB8v3ZBoO80

1984: Death of He Zizhen, third wife of Mao Zedong from May 1928 to 1939, born on September 1909
http://worldlit.oskin.net/period-3/jones-k/untitledpost

1998: Wang Dan, a leader of 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy protests, is freed by the Chinese government
http://edition.cnn.com/2005/US/10/05/cnn25.wang.tan/index.html

2001: After a long time hesitation because Beijing pressures, the Japanese government gives a visa to former Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui

2008: In China, beginning of several days of demonstrations with protestors demanding a boycott of French products after the Olympic torch incident in Paris
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7356107.stm

 

On 18 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 18 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on 18 April 2018

1885: Japan and China sign the good will Tianjin Convention or Li-Ito Convention to avoid conflit on Korea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_of_Tientsin
http://www.chinaforeignrelations.net/node/176

1927: Chiang Kai-shek establishes the Nanjing National Government
http://www.chinafolio.com/modern-chinese-history-1927-1937/
http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/nanjing-decade/
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3487.html

1927-04-18 Foundation Nanjing National Government

1955: Opening of the Afro-Asian Bandung Conference with Zhou Enlai first big diplomatic trip
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian-African_Conference
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675033805_Afro-Asian-conference_Pandit-Nehru_conference-hall_dignitaries-from-Asia-and-Africa

1979: Breaking off of negotiations between China and Vietnam which were opened on April 14

1999: Death of Philippines born-Chinese general Ye Fei, anti-Japanese war hero
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ye_Fei

2016: A Chinese military aircraft publicly lands at a new airport on an artificial island in the South China Sea for the first time, raising the prospect that Beijing could base fighter jets there
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2016-04-18/chinese-military-plane-makes-first-public-landing-on-disputed-south-china-sea-island/1570820
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-04/19/content_15418232.html

On 17 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 17 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 17, 2018

1895: Signature of the Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan, marking the end of the First Sino-Japanese war. Taiwan is taken by Japan
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/shimonoseki01.htm
http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/eng/news/no10/enews10-essay2.html
http://sinojapanesewar.com/peace.htm

2001: By 23 votes against 17, China gets the non examination by the United Nations Human right Committee of a motion introduced by United States

2013: Death in a car accident of Hong Kong singer Sita Chan, born on March 10, 1987
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1216576/hong-kong-singer-sita-chan-killed-car-crash?page=all
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest+News/Showbiz/Story/A1Story20130418-416922.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=19CXNuJyTiI

2015: Amid tight security, a Chinese court has convicted veteran journalist Gao Yu for revealing state secrets and sentenced her to seven years in prison
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1768883/jailing-chinese-journalist-gao-yu-part-push-silence
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/04/17/asia/china-gao-yu-jail/index.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-32346382

On 16 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 16 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

 Updated on April 16, 2018

1918: Birth of Hsuan Hua, influential Buddhist master, who died on June 7, 1995
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hsuan_Hua

1960: In a Communist Party journal, Beijing attacks the Soviet leadership as « revisionist, » in the first public indication of a Sino-Soviet split

1965: Birth of Michael Wong Man Tak, Hong Kong actor and director
http://www.hkfilm.net/mwong.htm
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=161

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6XIbuFSh_og

1971: Birth of Moses Chan, Hong Kong actor
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=260

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9WihRzgaD3w

1974: Birth in Beijing of Xu Jinglei Chinese actress, film director, singer and writer
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/03/17/xu-jinglei/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-9IgrBKEkdw

1976: Birth of Shu Qi (Hsu Chi), Taiwanese actress
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0795517/
http://www.shuqi.org/profile/biography.shtml
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/05/01/shu-qi/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r3jdJaR9Vts

1992: China for the first time contributes to UN peacekeepers by sending a military group to Phnom Penh

2011: Taiwan’s opposition DPP Party leader and presidential candidate Tsai Ing-wen calls for sexual tolerance, just days after a rival politician tried to make an issue of her sexual orientation
http://www.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20110416-274019.html

2017: China and Nepal begin their first-ever joint military exercises, a move likely to rattle India as Beijing boosts its influence in the region
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2088059/nepal-china-begin-first-ever-joint-military-exercises
http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-04-16/first-ever-nepal-china-joint-military-training-begins.html

On 15 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

 

ON 15 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 15, 2018

1549: Saint Francis Xavier leaves Goa to Malacca and Hong Kong

1914: China refuses to accept the proposed McMahon Line between Tibet and India saying that Tibet is not sovereign et cannot sign treaties

Mc Mahon Line 2

1946: Soviet forces withdraw from Manchuria . Chinese Nationalists et Communists compete for the conquest of the region

1959: Birth of Fruit Chan, Hong Kong film director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruit_Chan
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=12

1960: Visit of Chinese Prime Minister  Zhou Enlai to Burma, India and Nepal, up to 30 April

1976: China and India restore their diplomatic relations suspended since the 1962 war

1989: The death of Hu Yaobang, former General secretary of the Communist party of China, born on 20 November 1915, starts the Tiananmen Square protest of 1989
http://www.nytimes.com/1989/04/16/obituaries/hu-yaobang-ex-party-chief-in-china-dies-at-73.html?scp=5&sq=china&st=nyt&scp=1&sq=Hu%20Yaobang&st=cse
http://www.learntoquestion.com/seevak/groups/2003/sites/tiananmen/leftsidelinks/bios/hu_yao_bang.html
http://www.scmp.com/topics/hu-yaobang

 

On 14 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 14 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 14, 2018

605: Emperor Yang of Sui dynasty orders to extend the Grand Canal
http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/culture/grand-canal.htm
https://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch2en/conc2en/grandcanal.html

1294: Timur (Tamerlan), grandson of Kublai, is elected Khagan of the Mongols and Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty with the reigning titles Oljeitu and Chengzong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tem%C3%BCr_Khan,_Emperor_Chengzong_of_Yuan

1971: Premier Zhou Enlai met with all the members of the U.S. table tennis. Zhou said: « By visiting our country you have opened the gate for the exchanges between the people of the two nations. We believe that a friendly exchange will win approval and support from both the Chinese and American peoples »

1971-04-14  Zhou Enlai meets US table tennis team

1979: After a short war, Opening of Sino-Vietnamese negotiations in Hanoi (broken on 18)

1980: Italian communist leader Enrico Berlinger is the first western communist leader to go officially to China since twenty years

1989: The 1,100,000,000th Chinese is born 

2001: In China, the underground bishop of Yixian (Hebei) Mgr Shi Enxiang, 79 years old, who was hiding since 1996, is arrested
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Two-Chinese-bishop-martyrs-recognised-as-%E2%80%98Illustrious-Unknown%E2%80%99-for-2011-23568.html

2010: About 2,700 dead, 10,000 injured in 7.1-magnitude quake in China’s Qinghai
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8619593.stm
http://www.france24.com/en/20100414-strong-quake-kills-dozens-north-western-province

2015: China is granted operation rights for 40 years at a port in Gwadar, a strategic deep-water seaport in Pakistan
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/business/2015-04/14/content_15250708.html

 

On 13 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1987-04-13 Signature retour

ON 13 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 13, 2018

1904: A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_battleship_Petropavlovsk_(1894)

1904-04-13 Petropavlovsk explodes

1919: Foundation, in Shanghai, of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea then occupied by Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Government_of_the_Republic_of_Korea
http://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/Government_in_exile_of_Korea_(Twilight_of_a_New_Era)
http://english.kookmin.ac.kr/site/about_kmu/newNhot/special/168?pn=6

1919-04-13 Gvt de Shanghai

1972: The Universal Postal Union decides to recognize the People’s Republic of China as the only legitimate Chinese representative, effectively expelling the Republic of China administering Taiwan

1982: Birth of Janice Vidal, Hong Kong singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janice_Vidal

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQBGc7w7qjU

1982: Birth of Jill Vidal, Hong Kong singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jill_Vidal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3zBOQXOIINk

1987: The Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau by the governments of the People’s Republic of China and the Portuguese Republic is formally signed by the Prime Ministers of both governments in Beijing. Macao will come back to China as an special administrative region on December 20, 1999
http://bo.io.gov.mo/bo/i/88/23/dc/en/default.asp

1987-04-13 Signature retour

2006: Former Kuomintang  chairman Lian Chan arrives in China, leading a 100 businessmen delegation for a first joint economic forum and largely welcomed by Beijing authorities
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/661500.stm

2006-04-14 Lien Chan à Pékin

2006: For the first time since the PRC was founded, China welcomes the Word Buddhist Forum. Gyaltsen Norbu, the 16 years old Panchen Lama takes part but is snubbed by a large part of the participants at the Congress
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4905140.stm

2013: US Secretary of State John Kerry and China’s foreign policy chief Yang Jiechi say that both countries are committed to the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula in a « peaceful manner » following talks in Beijing
http://www.france24.com/en/20130413-usa-china-committed-nuclear-free-korean-peninsula-north-south-kerry
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-22131316 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/apr/13/north-korea-south-kim-missiles
http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/04/13/john-kerry-gets-china-commitment-to-help-rid-north-korea-of-nuclear-weapons/

2013: Death of Lin Yang-kang, Taiwanese politician, 29th Vice Premier of the Republic of China (1984-1987), born on June 11, 1927
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/atod/201304140023.aspx