19 APRIL 2017
China’s two-child policy one year on
At the beginning of 2016 the Chinese government relaxed its family planning laws to allow all married couples to have a second child. But, one year on, how effective has this new policy really been?
28 FEBRUARY 2017
China considers financial “rewards” for second child after baby boom fails to materialise
China is considering paying couples to have a second baby after the scrapping of rules limiting family sizes failed to produce an expected baby boom
22 NOVEMBER 2016
China’s two-child policy not the answer to its ageing population
China’s two-child policy could contribute to higher rates of GDP growth (with a modest increase in domestic consumption) and it would reduce the proportion of the aged in China in the decades ahead, our research shows
23 MAY 2016
China’s Coming Demographic Crash
Effective the beginning of this year, the Chinese central government relaxed the notorious one-child policy to permit two children per couple. The liberalization will increase the birth rate nationwide, but, apart from state media, few think the increase will halt a severe decline in population
8 MARCH 2016
Full relaxation of child policy ruled out
China’s family planning policy will not change in the foreseeable future, and there are no plans for a complete relaxation currently, a top health official said Tuesday
25 FEBRUARY 2016
The Chinese one-child policy is gone, but its legacy bites deep
The statistics are troubling. China’s workforce shrank by 4.87 million in 2015 alone. Meanwhile, the number of Chinese 60 or older is expected to roughly double to 400 million by 2035
27 DECEMBER 2015
China officially ends one-child policy
China officially ended its one-child policy yesterday with the signing into law of a bill allowing all married couples to have a second child as it attempts to cope with an ageing population and shrinking workforce
29 OCTOBER 2015
China ends one-child policy, allows two children for each couple
China will ease family planning restrictions to allow all couples to have two children, after decades of the strict and controversial one-child policy left it with an ageing population and shrinking workforce
1 MAY 2015
China’s one-child policy is state violence against women and children
Although occasionally “tweaked,” the infamous law has not been eliminated and is having disastrous demographic consequences: labor shortages, an aging population, a skewed sex ration between men and women, women trafficking and sexual slavery. However, the government is not going to repeal it because it helps it control the population
15 MARCH 2015
China considering one-child policy changes: premier
China is considering further changes to its family planning laws, Premier Li Keqiang said Sunday, after a relaxation in the « one child policy » failed to see significantly more babies being born
14 MARCH 2015
The problem of too many baby boys in China
China ranks in the world’s top five worst performing countries for equal gender ratios – with 33 million more men.
12 JANUARY 2015
Fewer Chinese parents than expected seek 2nd children
China’s push to encourage more couples to have a second child after decades of restrictive family planning policies has fallen short of expectations in the first year, state media reported Monday
16 DECEMBER 2014
China’s declining birthrate a cause for concern
Experts are calling for an accelerated scrapping of the one-child policy as China’s birthrate moves toward a dangerously low level. The fertility rate in China is now 1.4 children per woman, almost touching the warning line of 1.3 that is recognised globally as the « low fertility trap », according to a report released by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
7 SEPTEMBER 2014
20,000 Beijing couples granted permit for 2nd child
Nearly 20,000 Beijing couples have been granted a permit to have a second child since the city relaxed its family planning policy in February, according to the latest official statistics.
31 MAY 2014
China, the easing of the « one child law » means over 2 million more newborns per year
They are government forecasts for 2014, the first year with a new (and softer) family planning law. New maternity wards to be built to cope with increased demand
6 MARCH 2014
China two-child policy not imminent: official
China’s health ministry on Thursday dampened speculation that the country could dump its one-child policy and allow families to have two.
18 FEBRUARY 2014
China’s One-Child Nonsense
Social conditions may have played a bigger role than government policy
17 FEBRUARY 2014
Beijing opens dozens of new baby hatches for abandoned children
Every year in China at least 10 thousand infants are abandoned. Because of the one-child policy, many of them are girls, but there are also many babies with disabilities or serious illnesses. 60 million births that are not legally registered.
4 JANUARY 2014
Why is China easing its one-child policy
China’s controversial one-child policy change fits in the overarching framework of the government’s zealous pursuit of economic growth
28 DECEMBER 2013
China formally eases one-child policy
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress passed a resolution allowing couples to have two children if either parent is an only child.
24 DECEMBER 2013
Chinese woman might lose baby over authorities’ error
12 DECEMBER 2013
China’s One Child Policy Reform: Policy Decision Or Compulsion?
The relaxation of China’s One Child policy, which came as one of the decisions of Third Plenary Session of 18th CPC Central Committee, has been welcomed with much fanfare. While this decision may be celebrated as the new government’s feat at socio-economic policy-making, in fact, this was an indispensable view of China’s demographics and government’s exhausting capability to deal with it.
5 DECEMBER 2013
Chinese parents paid £2 billion in fines for breaching one-child policy
Twenty four out of mainland China’s 31 provinces and autonomous regions have now declared their earnings from the one-child policy last year, which total 20 billion yuan (£2 billion)
4 DECEMBER 2013
Chinese mom sues after she was fined $54,200 for flouting one-child policy
Chinese warehouse worker Liu Fei was fined 330,000 yuan ($54,200), or 14 times her yearly wage, for having a second child and her failure to pay means the boy has no access to basic rights like schooling and healthcare.
18 NOVEMBER 2013
The One-Child Policy that Wasn’t
Great exaggeration has been made of the headline news from the just-ended Communist Party Central Committee Plenum about China ending its One Child policy. In the first place the policy is merely being “adjusted,” not abolished.
15 NOVEMBER 2013
China to ease one-child policy
In the first comprehensive set of reforms under President Xi Jinping, the Communist party leadership, said: « We will begin to allow couples to have two children if one of them is an only child.
6 SEPTEMBER 2013
China, one child policy ‘breeds corruption in the Party’
In the last year, Chinese officials for family planning have collected 16.5 billion yuan. A lawyer trying to figure out where does this money: « They should be used to repay public services, but disappear into thin air. Even the audit for the government knows where they are really. «
29 AUGUST 2013
Woman forced to abort at nine months because her husband already had a child
Lili Zeng underwent induced labour, and a lethal injection was made on the child’s skull. In spite of all this, he was born alive, only to die in his mother’s arms. The woman’s husband forced the operation on her after he left her. He already had a son from a previous marriage. Women’s Rights Without Frontiers slams what happened.
16 AUGUST 2013
China’s one-child policy’s human cost fuels calls for reform
Thirty years after it was introduced, the ‘transitional policy’ endures despite warnings of its punitive effects on China’s development
6 AUGUST 2013
Commission sets no timetable for family planning update
The National Health and Family Planning Commission moved on Tuesday to allay concerns in media reports last week that China will relax its family planning policy by 2015 to allow more couples to have two children.
3 AUGUST 2013
China’s Infamous ‘One-Child Policy’ Is About To Become A ‘Two-Child Policy’
Since 1979, China has maintained a population control program known as the « one-child policy, » in most cases limiting families living in urban areas to only one child
25 JUNE 2013
China’s one child policy also brings sexual slavery
The US State Department’s report on human trafficking downgrades Beijing to ‘Tier 3’ status for failing to fully comply with minimum standards and not making significant efforts to limit human trafficking and sexual slavery. Forced abortions and sterilisations explain the trend in a country where millions of men cannot find a bride. Women’s Rights Without Frontiers appeals to Obama and Xi Jinping.
8 APRIL 2013
Hubei: woman dies after the authorities forcibly sterilise her
The Family Planning Bureau in Dabacheng fails to heed the doctor who said operation was « dangerous for patient’s life ». Hongxia Shen, 42, was « guilty » having already two children. She was killed to prevent more « illegal pregnancies ».
16 MARCH 2013
Monks without a temple
China may have begun a long end-game for its one-child policy. Experts say it cannot end soon enough http://www.economist.com/news/china/21573579-china-may-have-begun-long-end-game-its-one-child-policy-experts-say-it-cannot-end-soon
15 MARCH 2013
336 million abortions under China’s one-child policy
More than half a billion birth control procedures, including at least 336 million abortions, have been performed in the name of the one-child policy, China’s Health ministry revealed yesterday. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/9933468/336-million-abortions-under-Chinas-one-child-policy.html
27 FEBRUARY 2013
Is it too late to reverse China’s one-child policy?
In recent years, fears have grown that China may lose its demographic advantage as the population bulge shifts inexorably towards the aged after three decades of its draconian one-child policy, leaving the country with what is expected to be a static working-age population supporting a vast elderly cohort by 2040. http://asiancorrespondent.com/99669/is-it-too-late-to-reverse-chinas-one-child-policy/
13 FEBRUARY 2013
For one Chinese mother, the one child policy is a horror that must end
The story of Cao Ruyi and her family, persecuted by the government for having a second child, is told by the president of the association that helped them escape and save their child from a planned forced abortion. China’s government has never stopped its family planning policy, which in 30 years has imposed with violence 275 million abortions. http://www.asianews.it/news-en/For-one-Chinese-mother,-the-one-child-policy-is-a-horror-that-must-end-27127.html
2 FEBRUARY 2013
China counts cost of one child policy
Beijing has never had more incentive to abolish the controversial policy that is denying Ms Long her dream child: China is facing a critical shortage of workers caused largely by 30 years of restricting family size. Last year, the working age population of China shrank for the first time, threatening a mainland economic miracle built upon a pool of surplus labour. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/ad1e00e6-6149-11e2-957e-00144feab49a.html#axzz2JlXgg8JJ
22 JANUARY 2013
More and more for an end to one-child policy
Economic considerations now enter the picture: shrinking workforce, aging population and lower domestic consumption. Although Hu Jintao does not mention low birth rates, Population minister sticks to the policy. Forced abortions and sterilisation go hand in hand with the privileges of the wealthy who have many children. This is leading to social tensions. http://www.asianews.it/news-en/More-and-more-for-an-end-to-one-child-policy-26927.html
16 JANUARY 2013
China: One-child policy is here to stay
China has quelled speculation its controversial « one-child » policy is to be scrapped, instead announcing Wednesday that family planning laws to curb the birth rate will remain. http://behindthewall.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/01/16/16544706-china-one-child-policy-is-here-to-stay?lite
28 NOVEMBER 2012
China mulls changes in one-child policy
China is mulling changes to its one-child policy, a former family planning official said, with government advisory bodies drafting proposals in the face of a rapidly ageing society in the world’s most populous nation.
31 OCTOBER 2012
Chinese government think tank urges end to unpopular one-child policy
A Chinese government think tank is urging the country’s leaders to start phasing out its unpopular one-child policy immediately and allow two children for every family in the country by 2015.
9 SEPTEMBER 2012
Population and the challenge of Chinese growth
In 1980, when the one-child policy was officially introduced, it was clear that it would be a ‘one-generation policy’ only. Thirty years on, the Chinese government is confronted with another problem in redoubling its long-term efforts to raise the potential growth rate of the Chinese economy. The workforce has already begun to shrink.
8 AUGUST 2012
Web-TV Third Angle Insight: Boys versus girls
China’s preference for boys – it’s one of the most controversial topics in the Middle Kingdom and has sparked scandalous tales of sex selective abortions, the abandonment of female babies or worse leaving them to perish in the infamous dying rooms.
1 JULY 2012
Husband of forced abortion victim tells of his escape from Chinese officials
A father whose unborn daughter was forcibly aborted at seven months, triggering a nationwide outcry in China, has recounted how he fled from officials trying to silence his family.
27 JUNE 2012
China’s addiction to birth planning
Recently, the sad case of Feng Jianmei roiled public opinion, both inside and outside China. Feng, a young woman living in a rural corner of Shaanxi province in northwest China, was bullied into aborting her pregnancy in its seventh month. A family member took a terrible picture of the mother lying in a hospital bed with the stillborn fetus beside her and posted it on the Internet. Global shock and revulsion ensued, and the Chinese government dispatched municipal officials to issue an apology to Feng.
14 JUNE 2012
‘Forced abortion’ sparks fury in China
China’s family planning authorities are investigating a case in which a seven-months pregnant woman was allegedly forced by the local government to abort her second child.
14 JUNE 2012
China: Unnatural Selection
A 25 minutes movie
1 JUNE 2012
Chinese couple pay £130,000 to have a second child to avoid one-child policy
The unnamed couple from the southern city of Rui’an welcomed a daughter in February after having a son in 1995. The authorities in the city said they had levied the enormous sum after deciding the couple could well afford it
27 FEBRUARY 2012
China to overhaul ‘threatening’ one-child slogans
China is to overhaul the sometimes threatening slogans used to enforce its one-child policy, the authorities have announced
3 DECEMBER 2011
Increase in women smuggled into China, sex slaves or sold as wives
The young girls come from various countries of South-East Asia, including Vietnam, Myanmar and Laos. Attracted by the promise of a job by criminal groups, they are sold into prostitution or as wives. The phenomenon is the result of one-child policy imposed by Beijing, which has caused enormous gender disproportion
29 OCTOBER 2011
China copes with promise and perils of one-child policy
« China’s population would now be around 1.7 billion had it not been for the family planning policy, » said Zhai. « And the world’s population would have hit seven billion in 2006. »
9 SEPTEMBER 2011
Babies born abroad may trigger fines
Mainland couples who give birth to babies abroad to circumvent the family planning policy will be required to pay social maintenance fees if they bring the children back to the mainland.
2 SEPTEMBER 2011
In China, having children is no longer a given
China’s demographic time bomb has been attributed to the one-child rule. But it’s more than that. Some Chinese couples are choosing
to remain childless, and many single women are in no hurry to marry.
10 AUGUST 2011
China becoming even more male
Census figures show an increasingly imbalanced sex ratio at birth on the Chinese mainland, Deputy Health Minister Liu Qian said at
a news conference on Tuesday. China’s sex ratio at birth was 118 males for every 100 females in 2010. The number of males for every 100 females has risen consistently every decade from 108 in 1982, 111 in 1990 and 116 in 2000.
5 AUGUST 2011
China relaxes birth restrictions for victim families of mudslide-hit county
China has relaxed its birth-planning policy for families who lost children in a massive mudslide that hit a northwestern county one year ago. Surgery to « untie » the tubes of women, who’d had them tied as a result of past enforcement of the family planning policy, is now free in Zhouqu, officials said on Friday, on the eve of the anniversary of the mudslide devastation that left more than 1,700 people dead or missing in the
county in Gansu Province on Aug. 8, 2010.
11 JULY 2011
Guangdong wants relaxation of China’s one-child policy
China’s richest and most populous province has asked the central government to relax the law that restricts most families to one child.
1 JUNE 2011
Forced abortions in China: you (and the UN) are funding them
The president of Women’s Rights Without Frontiers appeals for a stop to funding by international organisations that support forced abortions and sterilisations in China
11 MAY 2011
Growing calls in China to change the one-child policy
In 10 years, mainland China added 74 million more people. That’s about the size of Iran’s entire population. But new figures from China’s latest census (2001-2010) also showed that the growth rate of its 1.34 billion-strong population is slowing down. Maybe too much.
6 APRIL 2011
Will China go gay?
It has long been recognized that China has one of the greatest gender disparities of any country on the globe. It is expected that the sex ratio has peaked out at 119 boys to 100 girls and will probably stay that way into the 2030s, according to the website Family Planning in China. In some rural areas, according to the site, there are only 67 girls per 100 boys
1 MARCH 2011
China, damage of one-child law points to « risk of collapse »
The government presents a survey (pending the national census data) that shows an increase in population since 2010. But experts warn:
« These are older people, not newborns. The one-child rule – an « hourly Tiananmen” – threatens to destroy social stability.
25 FEBRUARY 2011
Chinese dissident arrested for struggle against “one child” law
Mao Hengfeng has been taken to a labour camp, three days after being released for medical reasons. She fought against the Chinese
law that allows only one child per couple. Her whereabouts remain unknown.
14 OCTOBER 2010
Age-old problem looms for families
The reverse-pyramid dynamic – four grandparents, two parents and one child – is rapidly becoming the new norm in Chinese cities, largely as a result of three decades of the country’s family planning policy, which resulted in most couples having only one child.
11 JANUARY 2010
China faces growing gender imbalance
More than 24 million Chinese men of marrying age could find themselves without spouses by 2020, says the Chinese Academy of Social
24 JULY 2009
Shanghai pushes ‘two-child’ policy
In a slight easing of China’s tight family planning policies, authorities in the city of Shanghai are to actively encourage some families to have more than one child, state media has said
2 JULY 2009
China babies ‘sold for adoption’
Dozens of baby girls in southern China have reportedly been taken from parents who broke family-planning laws, and then sold for adoption overseas. An investigation by the state-owned Southern Metropolis News found that about 80 girls in one county had been sold for $3,000 (£1,800)
16 JANUARY 2009
Chinese women ‘want more babies’
The authorities in China say they have found that most Chinese women would like to have more than one child. Family-planning officials
say their research indicates that 70% of women want to have two babies or more
20 SEPTEMBER 2007
Has China’s one-child policy worked?
In the first of a series of pieces on China’s one-child policy, the BBC’s Michael Bristow looks at whether the country’s controversial regulations are working