5 FEBRUARY 2019
China in Africa and the American response
30 JANUARY 2019
China has nothing to fear from America’s Africa strategy, as it’s largely bluster
Last month, US National Security Adviser John Bolton unveiled “Prosper Africa”, the Trump administration’s new US strategy towards Africa. Surprising many, however, the plan’s focus was less about Africa and more on China
Why Africa loves China
Contrary to what the West believes, Africans do not see themselves as victims of Chinese economic exploitation
China’s Xi offers US$60 billion Africa aid, says ‘no strings attached’
President Xi Jinping told African leaders on Monday (Sep 3) that China’s investments on the continent have « no political strings attached », pledging US$60 billion in new development financing, even as Beijing is increasingly criticised over its debt-heavy projects abroad
28 JULY 2018
Xi Jinping’s trip to Africa cements continent’s growing ties to China, and Beijing’s loans
China is doubling its commitments to Africa as it builds support from the developing world amid an escalating trade war with the US
Why has China invited African army chiefs to Beijing?
China wants to redefine its military engagement in Africa and has invited military officials from across the continent to Beijing to explore new forms of strategic cooperation
26 MAY 2018
China, Burkina Faso resume diplomatic ties
China and Burkina Faso on Saturday announced the resumption of diplomatic ties between the two countries
18 MAY 2018
China to help Uganda build nuclear power plants
Eight potential sites have been identified in the country’s central, southwest and northern regions that could potentially host nuclear power plants, the government said Thursday. It signed a deal with Russia last year to cooperate on nuclear power
28 MARCH 2018
Free gift? China extends influence in Africa with $32M grant for regional HQ
China raised eyebrows this month by announcing it will give the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) a $31.6 million grant to build a new headquarters in Abuja, Nigeria
China rejects claims it had hand in efforts to oust Mugabe
Beijing: Beijing has said speculation that it had a hand in ongoing efforts to dethrone Robert Mugabe is an “evil” plot designed to sully its reputation and derail China-Africa relations
10 JULY 2017
Chinese companies in Africa
Chinese companies have been enjoying success in Africa, investing in roads, railways, water and powerlines. Africa offers the necessary raw materials to create products for the local market and the rest of the world
11 JANUARY 2016
Opinion: China’s Africa policy deserves applause
China, of course, is putting billions in Africa to fulfill its ambition of becoming a global player – a world superpower, if you like. African leaders are fully aware of it. But the opportunities China presents to Africa is far better than what Europeans have to offer
26 DECEMBER 2016
China restores ties with Sao Tome; more may follow
China has resumed ties with Sao Tome and Principe, six days after the small African state broke off relations with Taiwan, in what could be the start of more moves by Beijing to take away Taipei’s diplomatic allies
30 JULY 2016
China puts $46 billion into Africa’s economy
Beijing’s cooperation with Africa has been dominated by commercial deals instead of aid in the past, with $46 billion in direct Chinese investment and commercial loans having been signed since December, Chinese officials said.
7 JULY 2016
China’s Strategic Military Goal In Namibia – Analysis
Since January 2015, there has been much talk in the media about China’s efforts to establish a military base in Namibia. It is reported that the Namibian ambassador to China held talks with Chinese military officials about construction of a naval base in Port of Walvis Bay. However, Chinese and Namibian authorities had denied this news
16 JUNE 2016
China’s Ambitious Plan For A New Silk Road Takes Shape In Africa
Four years and some hundreds of billions of dollars later, China’s ambitious global trading strategy known as the “Maritime Silk Road” or “One Belt, One Road“ is now coming to life, particularly in parts of East Africa where major infrastructure and defense projects are being built
21 FEBRUARY 2016
Debunking the Myths of Chinese Investment in Africa
Some of the assumptions about China’s presence in Africa appear unfounded.
7 JANUARY 2016
African Countries Call for China to Stop Illegal Fishing
Officials from 24 African countries met in Cameroon last month and called for China to stop illegal fishing off the West African coast. In some areas, Chinese fishermen have pushed their local counterparts back to shore, depriving them of their jobs and livelihoods
23 DECEMBER 2015
2015 was banner year for China-Africa relations
China spent a lot of 2015 trying to turn itself into a major player on the world stage. A big part of this was spending money and investing in less developed nations that need help building infrastructure to compete in the 21st century
6 DECEMBER 2015
The New China-Africa Relations: 4 Trends to Watch
This week, the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) convened its first summit since 2006. Chinese President Xi Jinping joined more than 40 leaders of African countries for the massive meeting in Johannesburg, South Africa
4 DECEMBER 2015
Xi pledges US$60b for development in Africa
Chinese President Xi Jinping told African presidents on Friday at a summit that his country would provide US$60 billion to fund development on the continent, outlining the Asian economic giant wanted to build a relationship of equals
3 DECEMBER 2015
China and South Africa in $6.5bn worth of deals
China and South Africa have signed deals and loans valued at $6.5bn (£4.3bn), with the focus on building infrastructure in the African giant.
5 NOVEMBER 2015
What do we know about the Chinese land grab in Africa?
China—with an already rapidly growing economic interest in the continent—has been accused of an abundance of “land grabs” in Africa. But is China really planning on badly exploiting African agriculture? Have these “land grabs” been as widespread as some critics imply? What might be the detriment to Africa?
2 OCTOBER 2015
Managers of Chinese state-owned enterprise building US$3.8b African railway fined for bribery
Two managers of a Chinese state-owned enterprise building a railway in East Africa have been fined after admitting bribery in a court in Kenya
24 AUGUST 2015
China’s Pivot To Africa: Touching Down In Djibouti
Through Beijing’s so-called checkbook diplomacy, Djibouti has climbed to the top of the agenda, signing in 2014 a bilateral security and defense agreement, which was followed by a significant amount of government aid from China, about five to six times its GDP
20 MAY 2015
China illegally fishing off West Africa – Greenpeace
In less than a month, Greenpeace documented an average of one new case of illegal practice by a Chinese-owned boat every two days, but the report’s authors say they think that is only the « tip of the iceberg. »
9 MAY 2015
China negotiating Horn of Africa military base: Djibouti president
China is negotiating a military base in the strategic port of Djibouti, the president told AFP, raising the prospect of US and Chinese bases side-by-side in the tiny Horn of Africa nation
13 FEBRUARY 2015
China boosts Africa diplomacy
China boosted its diplomatic presence in Africa on Friday, becoming only the second country after the United States to have a dedicated ambassador to the African Union
23 FEBRUARY 2015
The dragon and the lion: how China harvests Africa’s growth
CHINA is not only Africa’s largest trading partner, the combined value of this commerce is now worth more than US$200 billion a year, and it is growing. Beijing has opened a US$30 billion line of credit to African governments, while more than a million Chinese live and work in Africa
7 FEBRUARY 2015
China’s road to growth in Africa
China is Africa’s largest trading partner. Bilateral trade is expected to surpass US$200 billion in 2014. Trade with Africa is small in terms of China’s total trade, but it is strategically important because of its composition
28 JANUARY 2015
China defends aid role in Africa
China on Wednesday offered a spirited defence of its aid to Africa, rejecting charges of « concrete diplomacy » following a major infrastructure deal with the continent
12 JANUARY 2015
China denies building empire in Africa
Foreign minister Wang Yi says Beijing won’t copy ‘western colonialists’ amid claims it exploits African resources for its own economic growth
23 DECEMBER 2014
China to send 700 combat troops to South Sudan
China is to send 700 combat troops to South Sudan in what analysts describe as a significant shift from its stated policy of non-interference in African conflicts.
4 DECEMBER 2014
China, S.Africa pledge financial cooperation
China and South Africa pledged Thursday to strengthen cooperation in areas including equipment manufacturing, finance, and aviation during President Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma’s visit.
2 DECEMBER 2014
Guest Post: Chinese Troops in Africa: Protecting Civilians and Oil
19 NOVEMBER 2014
African presidents ‘use China aid for patronage politics’
Most of the $80bn of development funds sent to Africa went to areas where national leaders were born rather than the most needy, says AidData report
24 OCTOBER 2014
China pledges US$81.7 million Ebola aid to Africa
President Xi Jinping announced on Friday a 500 million yuan ($81.7 million) assistance package to fight Ebola as China continues its commitment to preventing the spread of the deadly virus in West Africa
25 SEPTEMBER 2014
China to send 700 troops to S.Sudan to assist UN mission
China said on Thursday it will send 700 troops to join a UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan, where fighting has threatened Beijing’s oil investments.
23 AUGUST 2014
China beats bad image with big aid to Africa
Pushing back against criticism that its presence in Africa is mercenary, China has extended unprecedented generosity to the Western African countries in the grip of an Ebola epidemic
10 AUGUST 2014
Chad withdraws Chinese exploration permits
Chad has decided to withdraw five exploration permits issued to a Chinese company and press charges in a row over a $1.2bn fine for environmental violations, the oil ministry has said
4 AUGUST 2014
Kenya Signs U.S. $478 Million Lamu Ports Deal With Chinese Firm
Kenya signed a 42-billion-shilling ($478 million) agreement to build the first three berths at Lamu Port with the China Communication Construction Company Group on Friday (August 1st)
17 JULY 2014
China-Africa relations hurt by bad Chinese behaviour, says ambassador
China’s foreign ministry has condemned the behaviour of some Chinese citizens in Africa following its ambassador to Tanzania giving an uncommonly frank newspaper interview in which he decried the « bad habits » of his compatriots.
10 JULY 2014
China sends bulk of its aid to Africa but denies ulterior motive
More than half of China’s foreign aid of $14bn (£8.2bn) between 2010 and 2012 was directed to Africa, the government said, underscoring Beijing’s interest in the resource-rich continent to fuel its economy
5 MAY 2014
China’s premier Li Keqiang targets doubling Africa trade
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang praised Africa’s growing economic power on Monday and Beijing’s « iron-clad » friendship with the continent, as he vowed to double trade to 400 billion dollars (290 billion euros) by 2020
4 MAY 2014
China in Africa: investment or exploitation?
Premier Li Keqiang shrugs off problems as « growing pains » and says relationship is based on equality and mutual benefit
4 MAY 2014
China admits ‘growing pains’ in Africa ties
Premier Li says Chinese firms should abide by local laws and regulations as he begins four-nation tour of continent
2 MAY 2014
China’s premier Li Keqiang set for first Africa trip
Li is scheduled to visit Ethiopia, Nigeria, Angola and Kenya during the trip, which begins Sunday and lasts for a week, officials said. It also includes a visit to the headquarters of the African Union in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa
20 MARCH 2014
Could China and Japan Work Together in East Africa?
Despite troubled relations at home, the two countries have a shared interest in Africa
20 MARCH 2014
China`s changing ambitions in Africa
Whilst China-African relations have been shaped in the past by China securing the supply of resources and financing the infrastructure to obtain them, the future will be a far more expansive relationship, involving both the state sectors and private entrepreneurs selling to Africa’s consumers, and not just outsourcing production there. To facilitate this, China currently deploys some 150 commercial attaches throughout the continent
18 FEBRUARY 2014
China Is Africa’s New Colonial Overlord, Says Famed Primate Researcher Jane Goodall
In an interview with Agence France-Press published on Monday, the longtime animal rights activist who has spent most of her life on the continent, compared Chinese investment with old-school British colonialism.
4 FEBRUARY 2014
Centre for Chinese Studies Annual Report: China Africa Relations 2013
The annual report of the Centre for Chinese Studies, China Africa Relations 2013, highlights the development of China-Africa relations including changes and achievements of the Centre during 2013. This annual report is a palette of key events and developments in China-Africa relations in 2013 and the CCS activities on and around these developments.
15 JANUARY 2014
China slams ‘troublemaker’ Japan after Africa visit
China launched a scathing diplomatic attack against Japan on Wednesday, warning African nations of an impending « resurrection of Japanese militarism » and branding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe a « troublemaker »
Africa: China and Japan’s Next Battleground?
While China and Japan may look like they’re competing in Africa, the two countries are actually playing different games.
13 JANUARY 2014
2014 – Ten years of Stellenbosch research on China-Africa relations
6 JANUARY 2014
China trying to help broker South Sudan truce: Chinese FM
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Monday his country was trying to help in efforts to broker an end to fighting in South Sudan
14 MAY 2013
Stronger environmental regulations can help China’s future in Africa
China has received a bad rap recently for its environmental exploitation in developing countries. The media asserts that three decades after the intensification of its international forays, China is still struggling to strike a balance between the protection of the environment and its rapid investments, particularly in Africa. http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/781566.shtml
11 MAY 2013
Yin and Yang of China’s development partnership with Africa
Over the past 50 years, China’s relationship with the African continent has developed impressively. The two regions have shared trade and cultural exchanges dating back hundreds of years but it was not until the mid 1950s when China established its first modern diplomatic relationship in Africa starting with Egypt. To date almost all countries in Africa have diplomatic links to China, with the exception of certain disputed territories and Burkina Faso due to their close ties to Taiwan since the mid 1990s http://www.nigeriadevelopmentandfinanceforum.org/PolicyDialogue/Dialogue.aspx?Edition=71&goback=%2Egde_2163586_member_240015209%2Egmr_2163586%2Egde_2163586_member_239820032
29 APRIL 2013
China commits billions in aid to Africa as part of charm offensive
China’s African aid programme aims to offer 18,000 government scholarships and train 30,000 Africans by 2015 http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2013/apr/29/africa-future-leaders-china-aid-programme
18 APRIL 2013
Challenges for China-Africa Relations
Adapted from Amb. David H. Shinn’s Speech to the Cosmopolitan Club in Manhattan. http://www.internationalpolicydigest.org/2013/04/18/challenges-for-china-africa-relations/?goback=%2Egde_160896_member_233718350
9 APRIL 2013
China and Africa: a maturing relationship
Africa’s place at the heart of China’s foreign policy agenda was highlighted in April, when the new Chinese president, Xi Jinping, chose to tour the continent on his inaugural foreign trip. The economic relationship between the two regions continues to develop apace, with rapid growth in trade and strong flows of Chinese financing into Africa. Criticism of China’s role in the continent continues http://country.eiu.com/article.aspx?articleid=760356060&Country=China&topic=Economy&subtopic=Forecast&mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRoiuqrPZKXonjHpfsX%204u8oUKKg38431UFwdcjKPmjr1YcERMN0dvycMRAVFZl5nQlRD7I=
3 APRIL 2013
Chinese fishing fleet in African waters reports 9% of catch to UN
The team of 20 researchers calculated the number of Chinese vessels fishing in international waters by consulting news reports, online articles and local fishery experts and estimated that nearly 75% of all the fish caught by Chinese vessels came from African waters, with almost 3m tonnes a year from west Africa. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/apr/03/chinese-fishing-fleet-african-catch
25 MARCH 2013
As Xi Jinping visits Africa: What are China’s intentions ?
Xi’s trip reflects the growing importance China places on Africa in its foreign and economic policies; last year, Wei Jianguo, a former Commerce Minister, forecast that Africa would surpass the U.S. and EU as China’s largest trading partner in three to five years. http://thediplomat.com/china-power/as-xi-jinping-visits-africa-what-are-chinas-intentions/
25 MARCH 2913
China and Africa in the Xi Jinping era
While China’s policy in Africa during the Xi Jinping era will look much like that of the Hu Jintao period, the challenges will be greater.
24 MARCH 2013
Sino-African ties have sunny future
Chinese President Xi Jinping wrapped up his visit to Russia Sunday and started his African tour. It is evident that China attaches more importance to Africa than any other major power. The rapid growth in Sino-African ties over the past two decades has stirred up jealousy among some countries. In addition to friendship, common practical interests between the two sides in both economics and politics have driven them closer. http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/770323.shtml
18 MARCH 2013
Will China Wear Out Its Welcome in Africa?
Chinese investment is similarly evident throughout the continent. In 2009, China overtook the United States as Africa’s biggest trading partner. In 2000, the total Sino-African trade volume was approximately US $10 billion; it is now closer to $200 billion per year. http://www.fpif.org/articles/will_china_wear_out_its_welcome_in_africa
11 MARCH 2013
Africa told to view China as competitor
Africa must shake off its romantic view of China and accept Beijing is a competitor as much as a partner and capable of the same exploitative practices as the old colonial powers, Nigeria’s central bank governor has warned. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/58b08eb0-8a6c-11e2-9da4-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2NL9rB5Dc
28 FEBRUARY 2013
Economist Dambisa Moyo: China can transform Africa
In a new interview with CNN’s Robyn Curnow, Moyo explains why she’s optimistic about the future of Africa. She looks at the positive impact that China can have on the continent and details the key drivers that will spur Africa’s economic growth. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/02/28/business/dambisa-moyo-africa/index.html?hpt=ias_t2
8 FEBRUARY 2013
China’s Sudan challenge
Sudan and China have enjoyed cordial relations for decades, developing a fruitful economic and political partnership dating back to their mutual estrangement from the West in the late 1980s and early 1990s. But Sudan’s 2011 partition has presented China with a new set of challenges
29 JANUARY 2013
Nigeria to China: we want to climb up the value chain
Last week, the Nigerian Central Bank voiced its discontent about the unfavorable trade balance with China – and made it clear Nigeria was already looking elsewhere for friendship (and maybe more). http://blogs.ft.com/beyond-brics/2013/01/29/nigeria-to-china-we-want-up-the-chain/#axzz2NLFdoBlx
25 OCTOBER 2012
China ‘Image’ problem in Africa
Beijing’s policy of « non intervention » was championed by African leaders looking for economic growth without political preconditions. As Africa’s politics change, is the policy obsolete?
23 AUGUST 2012
‘New colonialism’ accusation against China unfair
The so-called « new colonialism » allegation that China has exploited Africa’s resources is unfair, given that China has made great efforts to help the continent’s development and benefit its people, a Chinese official said here Thursday
14 AUGUST 2012
China’s winning strategy in Africa
Contention between China and the United States is extending far beyond the current hot spot of the South China Sea. As China’s economy continues its rapid expansion, a truly global realignment of power is taking place. Regions that were dominated by the West for centuries are now coming into China’s orbit, challenging America’s position at the top on a once-unipolar world
9 AUGUST 2012
China, Africa show lessons learnt with $20 bn pledge
To some, China’s recent pledge of US$20 billion in loans to Africa is cynical checkbook diplomacy designed to placate increasingly noisy criticism of its ongoing dragon safari. It more likely represents the maturing of a relationship for which, in its early days, neither party was quite prepared.
3 AUGUST 2012
China hits back at Clinton’s Africa comments
Chinese state media lashed out Friday at U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton after she warned African leaders about cooperating with countries that want to exploit the continent’s resources. http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/china-hits-back-at-clintons-africa-comments/2012/08/03/7d575f8e-dd90-11e1-9ff9-1dcd8858ad02_story.html
2 AUGUST 2012
Clinton takes aim at Chinese investment in Africa as trade booms
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton started her 7-nation African tour on Wednesday by warning leaders about the potential perils of dealing with some countries, as America looks to keep itself relevant on the continent in the face of Chinese investment.
19 JULY 2012
Minister: Closer Sino-African Co-op to Create Jobs
China’s Commerce Minister says the country will enhance cooperation with Africa, including in infrastructure construction. That will create more job opportunities for Africa.
China pledges $20bn in credit for Africa
China has pledged $20bn in credit to Africa over the next three years and called for more China-Africa co-ordination in international affairs to defend against the « bullying » of richer powers.
Africa can choose its own friends
What is of paramount importance about Chinese companies in Africa are the way in which they operate and also the policies that they adopt in African countries. Do they have investment policies that are progressive? Do they invest in job creation? Are their investment policies and wages better than those offered by Western companies? In other words, we should judge Chinese companies on the basis of the material benefits they offer the local people in the countries where they operate and what they contribute to the economic growth, development and progress of African countries.
Zuma warns on Africa’s trade ties to China
South African President Jacob Zuma warned Thursday that the unbalanced nature of Africa’s burgeoning trade ties with China is “unsustainable” in the long term.
18 JULY 2012
Chinese, African Leaders Gather in Beijing for Talks
Chinese and African leaders gather in Beijing to discuss increased trade and economic cooperation, China’s commerce minister is praising his country’s growing influence across the African continent.
27 JUNE 2012
Culture Clash: Chinese Businesses Versus African Communities
China’s media has never paid so much attention to Africa before. It’s not only because interactions between China and Africa are frequent, but also because the Chinese government likes to emphasize its ongoing business efforts in Africa. The Chinese government encourages central enterprises to expand investment and business operations in Africa and has been providing policy guidance and economic support. In fact, most of China’s investments or construction projects in Africa are started on the Chinese government’s initiative and not for commercial considerations only. http://www.fairobserver.com/article/chinese-enterprises-africa-0?goback=%2Egde_2163586_member_217040470
7 JUNE 2012
China as a vital force for Africa
Chinese businessmen fanning across Africa these days need a thick skin. They are all too often accused of being exploiters, harsh employers and the ultimate insult – neo-colonialists interested only in stripping the continent of its mineral wealth.
But is this fair?
To be sure, much of what brings Chinese investors to Africa is below the ground, rather than above it. This is far from the entire story, however. Increasingly, money is beginning to find its way into everything from construction to agriculture to heavy engineering.
25 APRIL 2012
China Agrees to Aid South Sudan, but Pipeline Efforts Stall
China has welcomed the president of South Sudan, agreed to provide bank loans and humanitarian aid but it has stopped short of moving forward on an oil pipeline, a sign of the delicate position Beijing finds itself in as the biggest energy investor in both the new nation of South Sudan and its bitter foe, Sudan
19 APRIL 2012
China finds itself in the middle of looming war between Sudan and South Sudan
Sudan’s declaration of war on South Sudan on Wednesday poses problems for China, with the conflict being at the epicenter of an oil rich region, posing problems for relations with both sides.
28 FEBRUARY 2012
Sudan, China Discuss Oil Dispute
Sudan’s foreign minister and Chinese leaders have discussed an oil transport fee dispute with South Sudan and the security of Chinese workers
29 JANUARY 2012
Chinese workers held by Sudan rebels
Rebels in Sudan’s oil-producing border state of South Kordofan said on Sunday they were holding Chinese workers for their own safety after a battle with the Sudanese army http://worldnews.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2012/01/29/10262850-chinese-workers-held-by-sudan-rebels
28 JANUARY 2012
Will China help out the West in Sudan?
China, which purchases much of the oil from East Africa and provides investment and armaments to the Sudanese government in return, has suffered abuse and derision for its engagement with Khartoum
5 JANUARY 2012
Chinese foreign minister hails Africa as ‘golden ground’
Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi on Thursday January 5, hailed Africa as a « golden ground » for foreign investment, and vowed to work with Chinese firms to ensure they comply with local labour laws. « Africa is a fertile place for foreign investors and it is a golden ground for Africa to attract foreign investors, especially for infrastructure which is the blood and muscle of a country, » Yang said during a visit to Namibia
24 NOVEMBER 2011
China ready to work with Libya’s new govt
China welcomes the formation of Libya’s interim government and wishes to push forward the China-Libya relationship, the Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday. « The establishment of Libya’s interim government marks an important step forward in Libya’s political transition process, » said the ministry’s spokesman Liu Weimin.
8 OCTOBER 2011
Dalai Lama slams China’s ‘immoral censorship’
The Dalai Lama criticised the Chinese government during a live video chat with Desmond Tutu for the South African archbishop’s 80th birthday celebrations in Cape Town. The Tibetan exiled leader was unable to attend the festivities after the South African government refused to grant him a visa.
3 OCTOBER 2011
China’s African mischief
China’s has proven its willingness to arm Africa’s dictators – even when it votes against such actions at the UN.