20 MARCH 2017
East Timor holds first presidential election since UN peacekeepers left
Asia’s youngest democracy is choosing a new president in its first such election since a UN peacekeeping mission left the country in 2012. The vote is a political preliminary for July’s vote for a prime minister
24 JANUARY 2017
Timor-Leste drops espionage claims against Australia in maritime border dispute
Timor-Leste has withdrawn its Australian espionage claims in the permanent court of arbitration as a “confidence-building measure”, as the two countries continue to negotiate over their maritime border
9 JANUARY 2017
Australia and Timor-Leste to negotiate permanent maritime boundary
Australia and Timor-Leste have agreed to begin negotiations on a permanent maritime boundary between the two countries, potentially ending years of dispute over the lucrative oil-rich Timor Gap and closing a chapter of mistrust and enmity between the two neighbours
6 OCTOBER 2016
East Timor journalists face defamation trial after story on Prime Minister Rui Aria de Araujo
Two East Timorese journalists are going on trial in a criminal defamation case brought by the country’s prime minister that has alarmed press freedom groups
28 SEPTEMBER 2016
East Timor takes maritime dispute with Australia to UN Court
East Timor has accused Australia of being a bully as the International Court of Arbitration in the Netherlands prepares to hear a decade-long dispute over the sharing of oil and mineral wealth in the Timor Sea
29 AUGUST 2017
Timor Leste urges Australia ‘not to turn its back on law’ over maritime boundary
Timor-Leste has urged Australia not to “turn its back on the law” and to negotiate over the Timor Sea maritime boundary, but Australia has claimed the commission it has been brought before has no jurisdiction to hear the matter and said that any decision it makes will be not be binding on Australia.
11 APRIL 2016
East Timor-Australia maritime border to be negotiated before United Nations after protests
East Timor is taking Australia to the United Nations to solve the dispute over its maritime border under international maritime law.
15 MARCH 2016
Japan, E. Timor fear China is trying to change balance of power
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met with East Timor’s President Taur Matan Ruak in Tokyo on March 15 to share concerns over China’s growing maritime presence in Southeast Asia.
25 FEBRUARY 2016
Rape of East Timor
Secret documents found in the Australian National Archives provide a glimpse of how one of the greatest crimes of the 20th century was executed and covered up. They also help us understand how and for whom the world is run
30 DECEMBER 2016
The battle for Timor-Leste’s past
In 1975, Indonesian forces invaded Timor-Leste, heralding an occupation that lasted 24 years and claimed the lives of up to a third of the population. Forty years later, another clash is underway: an internal “history war” over the official narrative of the country’s turbulent past
27 AUGUST 2015
Indonesia, Timor Leste agree to resolve border problems, boost ties
Indonesia and Timor Leste agreed on Wednesday to begin negotiating unresolved land and maritime border issues and enhance bilateral ties, particularly on trade and investment.The commitment was made during a meeting with President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo and Timor Leste Prime Minister Rui Maria de Araújo at the Merdeka Palace in Central Jakarta on Wednesday 26
3 JUNE 2015
East Timor ‘reactivates’ bid for new maritime boundary with Australia
An espionage operation by Australia’s foreign spy service underpins a new bid by East Timor to establish a maritime boundary between the two countries and gain a bigger share of the lucrative Timor Sea oil and gas fields.
16 FEBRUARY 2015
East Timor swears in Rui Araujo as new prime minister
Rui Araujo, a former health minister, took the oath of office on Monday along with 37 cabinet ministers, the AP news agency said.
10 FEBRUAY 2015
Ex-health minister named E. Timor PM
East Timor’s President Taur Matan Ruak on Tuesday endorsed the leading political party’s decision to nominate former Health Minister Rui Araujo as the tiny nation’s next prime minister, replacing Xanana Gusmao who resigned Friday
6 FEBRUARY 2015
East Timor PM Xanana Gusmao offers resignation
East Timor resistance hero Xanana Gusmao has submitted his resignation as prime minister, the government said Friday, after more than a decade leading the half-island nation during the fraught early years of its independence
12 DECEMBER 2014
From poet to despot: The changing face of Xanana Gusmao
As foreign media recasts Timor-Leste’s Xanana Gusmao from darling of democracy to potential despot, it’s time to re-examine the myth surrounding the ‘poet’ politician, write Angie Bexley and Maj Nygaard-Christensen.
25 OCTOBER 2014
No good time for Xanana Gusmão to let go
Timor-Leste’s prime minister, Xanana Gusmão, has deferred his decision to step down as his country’s leader until April 2015. He had announced earlier this year that he intended to leave office firstly in September, then in October. He has since said that he wishes to stay on to oversee negotiations with Australia over a resolution to the Timor Sea dispute.
26 AUGUST 2014
Why It Won’t be the Next Failed State
23 MAY 2014
Timor-Leste: Lessons of a Failing State?
Despite record international goodwill and generosity, Timor-Leste is a basket case
1 NOVEMBER 2013
Can East Timor dodge the ‘resource curse’?
Despite oil and gas riches, signs of wealth remain scarce in the impoverished country.
20 FEBRUARY 2013
East Timor risks all in oil dispute
East Timor appears ready to roll the dice in its dispute with Woodside Petroleum over construction of a liquefied natural gas plant. If East Timor’s move backfires, it could potentially spoil its resource sharing agreements in the Timor Sea with Australia, redraw maritime boundaries and cast doubts over the ability of East Timor’s capital city of Dili to keep its word. http://thediplomat.com/asean-beat/2013/02/20/east-timor-risks-all-in-oil-dispute/?goback=%2Egde_160896_member_216136614
31 DECEMBER 2012
East Timor: UN ends peacekeeping mission
UN forces have been pulling out since October when East Timorese security forces took over responsibility for maintaining law and order. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20873267 http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/12/2012123173256112503.html
17 DECEMBER 2012
ASEAN’s Time to Invest in Timor-Leste
As Brunei assumes ASEAN’s chairmanship for 2013, one major question it faces is Timor-Leste’s bid for membership in the group. Despite some ASEAN members’ previous resistance to Timor-Leste’s entrance, the country’s sustained political and economic development over the last year and a half reflect a maturing nation poised for ascension to ASEAN. Brunei has a genuine opportunity to build ASEAN’s inclusiveness and invest in a nation that will pay dividends in the future.
23 OCTOBER 2012
Timor Leste to take over policing as UN withdraws
UN peacekeepers will hand over full responsibility for policing to Timor Leste next week as they begin withdrawing in earnest from Asia’s youngest nation, a UN official said Tuesday 23.
16 JULY 2012
Violence erupts in East Timor over new government
Police in East Timor say protesters angry that their party was shut out of the incoming government have thrown stones at officers, burned or destroyed 58 cars and damaged some houses. The protesters are believed to be supporters of the Fretilin party, which finished second to Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao’s party in July 7 parliamentary elections.
9 JULY 2012
East Timor poll: Xanana Gusmao’s party wins most seats
East Timor’s Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao is set for a new term of coalition government after his party won parliamentary elections – but without an overall majority. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/1212317/1/.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-18759085
16 APRIL 2012
Second round of presidential election.
Taur Matan Ruak is elected with 61 % of the votes
18 MARCH 2012
East Timor’s president fails to make election run-off
East Timor’s President Jose Ramos-Horta on Sunday failed to make the run-off in the country’s presidential election, preliminary poll results indicated. The second-round vote will likely see Francisco Guterres face off against Taur Matan Ruak.
17 MARCH 2012
East Timor in test vote
East Timor voted Saturday 17 in the country’s second presidential election as a free nation, seen as a key test for a young democracy taking charge of its own security as UN forces prepare to leave http://www.france24.com/en/20120317-east-timor-test-vote-presidential-election-timor-leste
13 MARCH 2012
Race to the top in East Timor
Timorese voters will go to the polls twice this year to elect the nation’s president and parliament for the third time since achieving independence in 2001. The elections, scheduled respectively for March and June, promise to be the most significant to date for Timor Leste, also known as East Timor
6 MARCH 2012
Timor-Leste independence leader dies
Timor-Leste’s first and shortest-serving president Francisco Xavier do Amaral died on Tuesday 6 after a long battle with cancer, a presidential spokesman said. The popular veteran of the nation’s resistance struggle against Indonesia’s brutal 24-year occupation died aged 74 in a hospital in the capital Dili
4 MARCH 2011
East Timor applies to join Asean
Foreign Minister Zacarias da Costa signed the application on a trip to Indonesia, the country which is currently chairing the 10-nation bloc.
3 MARCH 2010
2010: A court in East Timor sentences 24 rebels to up to 16 years in prison for the attempted assassinations of the country’s president and prime minister in 2008.
8 DECEMBER 2009
2009: A former Indonesian army officer has admitted in a magazine interview that five foreign journalists were deliberately killed during Indonesia’s 1975 invasion of East Timor
14 JULY 2008
2008: Indonesia is blamed by a joint commission for 1999 violence in East Timor
17 APRIL 2008
2008: After two months in Australia where he has been in hospital after to be wounded in a killing attempt, President Ramos-Horta comes back to East Timor
22 FEBRUARY 2008
2008: United Nations extends East Timor mission for one year
11 FEBRUARY 2008
East Timor president, and Peace Nobel Prize, Ramos Horta is wounded in an attack led by rebel leader Alfredo Neinabo who died in the action
12 MAY 2007
Nobel Prize Ramos-Horta wins the first East Timor presidential election since independence with 73 % of votes, while 90% went to vote
8 JULY 2006
Jose Ramos-Horta is appointed Prime Minister of East Timor by President Xanana Gusmao
8 APRIL 2005
Indonesian president Sulilo Bambang Yudhoyono on a two-day visit to East Timor
27 SEPTEMBER 2002
East Timor is admitted to United Nations
21 SEPTEMBER 2001
In East Timor, the first government, led by Mari Alkatiri, leader of Fretilin, is sworn in
30 AUGUST 2001
Under United Nations control, first general elections in East-Timor. Fretilin gets 55 of the 88 seats
7 SEPTEMBER 1999
In Indonesia, Xanana Gusmao, leader of the East Timor separatists, arrested in 1992, is freed
6 SEPTEMBER 1999
At Dili, in East Timor, militiamen attack International Red Cross building and Mgr Belo residence where 5,000 people took refuge
30 AUGUST 1999
1999: After months of violence by pro-Indonesia militias, under the control of United Nations, the East-Timor people, with a 98,6 per cent toll of participation chose to become independent by 78,5 per cents of the voters
5 MAY 1999
Under an United Nations frame, signature of the agreement between Indonesia and Portugal for the organization of a referendum in East Timor
3 APRIL 1999
1999: Beginning of massacres in East Timor by militiamen opposing independence
11 MARCH 1999
Indonesia and Portugal agree for the organization of a referendum in East Timor: self-government or independence
9 JUNE 1998
Indonesian President Habibie orders that some political prisoners to be freed and says he is ready to give a special status to East Timor