Daily Archives: 21 octobre 2019

On 21 October in Asian history

ON 21 OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on October 21, 2019

1328: Birth of Zhu Yuanzhang (Hongwu) Founder of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1398) who died on June 24, 1398
http://www.mingtombs.eu/emp/01hongwu/hongwu.html
http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/zhu-yuanzhang.htm

1392: End of the reign of Go-Kameyama, born in 1347, 99th emperor of Japan (1383-1392) who will died on May 10, 1424
https://prabook.com/web/tenno.go-kameyama/1716901
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Kameyama

1500: Death of Go-Tsuchimikado 103th emperor of Japan (1464-1500), born on July 3, 1442
http://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Go-Tsuchimikado

1600: Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate, who in effect ruled Japan until the mid-nineteenth century. The last shogunate of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sekigahara
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Battle_of_Sekigahara

1600: Death of Toda Katsushige, Japanese warlord, born in 1557
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_Katsushige

1627: Death of Frederick de Houman, Dutch explorer who reached Aceh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_de_Houtman

1675: Death of Emperor Higashiyama of Japan who died on January 16, 1710
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Higashiyama

1708: Death of Guru Gobind Singh, Indian 10th Sikh gurus, born on December 31, 1666
http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Guru_Gobind_Singh

1727: Sino-Russian accord of Kyakhta to correct boundaries
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kyakhta_(1727)

1816: The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia
http://wikimapia.org/103434/Penang-Free-School

1881: Ito Hirobumi is appointed to chair a government bureau in charge to write a constitution for Japan which will go into effect in 1890
http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-9274659/Hirobumi-Ito

1894: Birth of Rampo Edogawa, Japanese author and critic, who died on July 28, 1965
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edogawa_Ranpo
http://www.kurodahan.com/mt/e/catalog/j0020cate.html

Rampo Edogawa

1895: Japanese forces invading Taiwan take Tainan, capital of the short-lived Republic of Formosa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitulation_of_Tainan_(1895)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Formosa
http://cta.yam.org.tw/cta31.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10033.html

1920: Beginning of the Battle of Changshanli, between Japanese and Korean, until 26
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Battle_of_Chingshanli

1931: Birth of Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor, who died August 14, 2011
http://www.shammikapoor.net/bio.html

1931: The Sakurakai, a secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army, launches an abortive coup d’état attempt
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakurakai

1938: The Japanese troops take Canton (Guangzhou), in China
http://www.bunton.id.au/china40y/chap5.html
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025102_Canton-Battle_gun_attack
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025105_Canton-Capture_soldiers_march

1938-10-21 Canton burning
1943: Birth of Tariq Ali, Pakistani writer and film-maker
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariq_Ali

1943: The Provisional Government of Free India is formally declared by Subhas Chandra Bose
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21st-october-1943-subhas-chandra-bose-announced-the-provisional-government-of-free-india
http://www.hindujagruti.org/articles/47_subhash-chandra-bose.html

netaji-subhas-chandra-bose

1944: In the first kamikaze attack, HMAS Australia is hit by a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kg (441 pound) bomb off Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began
http://www.j-aircraft.com/research/rdunn/hms_aust/first_kam.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BP3LKla583g

1950: Heavy fighting begins between British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade and the North Korean 239th Regiment during the Battle of Yongju
http://dbpedia.org/page/Battle_of_Yongju
https://www.awm.gov.au/visit/exhibitions/korea/operations/yongju

1959: Border incident in Ladakh (Kashmir) between Chinese and Indian troops

1959: Birth of Ken Watanabe, Japanese actor
http://www.rottentomatoes.com/celebrity/ken_watanabe/

1959: The United Nations General Assembly adopts the resolution 1353-XIV in which it expresses its deep concern for the situation in Tibet
https://www.tibetpolicy.eu/un-general-assembly-resolution-1353-xiv-of-1959-new-york/
http://www.archieve.claudearpi.net/maintenance/uploaded_pics/1959UNGeneralAssemblyResolution.pdf

1965: Birth of Hisashi Imai, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hisashi_Imai

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uuU2u8UPls

1967: 100,000 demonstrators marched in Washington, DC, in opposition to the Vietnam War

1970: Birth of Louis Koo, Hong Kong actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Koo
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/koo_louis.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZ0DOFP5W7o&feature=related

1970: Japan publishes its first White Paper on defense

1972: North Vietnam president Phan Van Dong says he is ready to accept a cease-fire as a first step towards a settlement to the Vietnam war

1971: Death of Naoya Shiga, Japanese novelist, born on February 20, 1883
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiga_Naoya
http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/273.html

1972: Bilateral negotiations between China and Soviet Union resume at Moscow

1987: Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 70 ethnic Tamil patients, doctors & nurses
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaffna_hospital_massacre

1987: Death of Republic of China general Ho Ying-chin
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/He_Yingqin
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9933.html

1988: Former Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos and his wife, Imelda, are indicted in New York on fraud and racketeering charges. Marcos died before his trial and Imelda was acquitted in 1990

1990: Death of Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian spiritual leader, born on May 21,  1921
http://fr.scribd.com/doc/42493010/A-Brief-Biography-of-Shri-Anandamurti-or-P-R-Sarkar#scribd
http://www.anandamarga.org/about/founder/

1994: North Korea and the United States sign an agreement that requires North Korea to stop its nuclear weapons program and agree to inspections, putting an end to the first nuclear crisis
http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/agreedframework
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agreed_Framework

2002: North Korea says that the 1994 nuclear agreement with the United States is void following a U.S. decision to suspend deliveries of fuel oil

2003: North Korea rejected U.S. President Bush’s offer of a written pledge not to attack in exchange for the communist nation agreeing to end its nuclear weapons program

2007: End of the XVIIth Chinese communist Party congress
http://english.cpc.people.com.cn/206972/206981/8188387.html
http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS22767.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/17th_National_Congress_of_the_Communist_Party_of_China

2007 XVIIe congrès

2008: India and Pakistan open a historic trade link across divided Kashmir for the first time in six decades. The route represents an attempt to solve the long-running dispute over the region by creating « soft borders » allowing the free movement of goods and people
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/10/20081021123032900873.html

2008: Thailand’s former prime minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, is found guilty of corruption after helping his wife buy a plot of government land in Bangkok at a reduced price
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2008/10/2008102172221137838.html

2010: In Myanmar, the new national flag has been flying at government buildings and NGO offices across the country from 3 p.m
https://in.reuters.com/article/idINIndia-52358220101021
http://www2.irrawaddy.com/article.php?art_id=19793

2010: Death of A. Ayyappan, Indian poet, born on October 27,1949
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-10-22/thiruvananthapuram/28234488_1_poems-ayyappan-poetry
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._Ayyappan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eu6whMiEe7Q&feature=related

2011: US and N Korea reach deal over missing troops
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2011/10/20111022101237641920.html

2012: One of India’s most influential film-makers, Yash Chopra, dies from dengue fever in Mumbai, aged 80.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-20023315

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 21 October in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 21 OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on October 21, 2019

1600: Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate, who in effect rule Japan until the mid-nineteenth century. The last shogunate of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sekigahara
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Battle_of_Sekigahara

1727: Sino-Russian accord of Kyakhta to correct boundaries
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kyakhta_(1727)

1895: Japanese forces in Taiwan take Tainan, capital of the short-lived Republic of Formosa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitulation_of_Tainan_(1895)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Formosa
http://cta.yam.org.tw/cta31.htm

1920: Beginning of the Battle of Changshanli, between Japanese and Korean, until 26
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Battle_of_Chingshanli

1938: The Japanese troops take Canton (Guangzhou), in China
http://www.bunton.id.au/china40y/chap5.html
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025102_Canton-Battle_gun_attack
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025105_Canton-Capture_soldiers_march

1938-10-21 Canton burning
1943: The Provisional Government of Free India is formally declared by Subhas Chandra Bose
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21st-october-1943-subhas-chandra-bose-announced-the-provisional-government-of-free-india
http://www.hindujagruti.org/articles/47_subhash-chandra-bose.html

netaji-subhas-chandra-bose

1944: In the first kamikaze attack, HMAS Australia is hit by a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kg (441 pound) bomb off Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began
http://www.j-aircraft.com/research/rdunn/hms_aust/first_kam.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BP3LKla583g

1950:Heavy fighting begins between British and Australian forces from the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade and the North Korean 239th Regiment during the Battle of Yongju
http://dbpedia.org/page/Battle_of_Yongju
https://www.awm.gov.au/visit/exhibitions/korea/operations/yongju

1959: Border incident in Ladakh (Kashmir) between Chinese and Indian troops

1967: Thousands of demonstrators marched in Washington DC, in opposition to the Vietnam War

1970: Japan publishes its first White Paper on defense

1972: North Vietnam president Phan Van Dong says he is ready to accept a cease-fire as a first step towards a settlement to the Vietnam war

1972: Bilateral negotiations between China and Soviet Union resume at Moscow

1987: Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 70 ethnic Tamil patients, Doctors & Nurses
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaffna_hospital_massacre

1994: North Korea and the United States sign an agreement that requires North Korea to stop its nuclear weapons program and agree to inspections, putting an end to the first nuclear crisis
http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/agreedframework
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agreed_Framework

2002: North Korea says that the 1994 nuclear agreement with the United States is void following a U.S. decision to suspend deliveries of fuel oil

2003: North Korea rejected U.S. President Bush’s offer of a written pledge not to attack in exchange for the communist nation agreeing to end its nuclear weapons program

2008: India and Pakistan open a historic trade link across divided Kashmir for the first time in six decades. The route represents an attempt to solve the long-running dispute over the region by creating « soft borders » allowing the free movement of goods and people
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/10/20081021123032900873.html

2011: US and N Korea reach deal over missing troops
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2011/10/20111022101237641920.html

On 21 October in South Asian history

ON 21 OCTOBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 21, 2019

1708: Death of Guru Gobind Singh, Indian 10th Sikh gurus, born on December 31, 1666
http://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php/Guru_Gobind_Singh

1931: Birth of Shammi Kapoor, Indian actor, who died August 14, 2011
http://www.shammikapoor.net/bio.html

1943: Birth of Tariq Ali, Pakistani writer and film-maker
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tariq_Ali
http://www.tariqali.org/

1943: The Provisional Government of Free India is formally declared by Subhas Chandra Bose
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21st-october-1943-subhas-chandra-bose-announced-the-provisional-government-of-free-india
http://www.hindujagruti.org/articles/47_subhash-chandra-bose.html

netaji-subhas-chandra-bose

1959: Border incident in Ladakh (Kashmir) between Chinese and Indian troops

1959: The United Nations General Assembly adopts the resolution 1353-XIV in which it expresses its deep concern for the situation in Tibet
https://www.tibetpolicy.eu/un-general-assembly-resolution-1353-xiv-of-1959-new-york/
http://www.archieve.claudearpi.net/maintenance/uploaded_pics/1959UNGeneralAssemblyResolution.pdf

1987: Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 70 ethnic Tamil patients, Doctors & Nurses
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaffna_hospital_massacre

1990: Death of Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian spiritual leader, born on May 21,  1921
http://fr.scribd.com/doc/42493010/A-Brief-Biography-of-Shri-Anandamurti-or-P-R-Sarkar#scribd
http://www.anandamarga.org/about/founder/

2008: India and Pakistan open a historic trade link across divided Kashmir for the first time in six decades. The route represents an attempt to solve the long-running dispute over the region by creating « soft borders » allowing the free movement of goods and people
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/10/20081021123032900873.html

2010: Death of A. Ayyappan, Indian poet, born on October 27,1949
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-10-22/thiruvananthapuram/28234488_1_poems-ayyappan-poetry
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._Ayyappan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eu6whMiEe7Q&feature=related

2012: One of India’s most influential film-makers, Yash Chopra, dies from dengue fever in Mumbai, aged 80.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-20023315

On 21 October in Southeast Asian history

ON 21 OCTOBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on October 21, 2019

1627: Death of Frederick de Houman, Dutch explorer who reached Aceh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_de_Houtman

1816: The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia
http://wikimapia.org/103434/Penang-Free-School

1967: Tens of thousands demonstrators marched in Washington, DC, in opposition to the Vietnam War

1972: North Vietnam president Phan Van Dong says he is ready to accept a cease-fire as a first step towards a settlement to the Vietnam war

1988: Former Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos and his wife, Imelda, are indicted in New York on fraud and racketeering charges. Marcos died before his trial and Imelda was acquitted in 1990

2008: Thailand’s former prime minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, is been found guilty of corruption after helping his wife buy a plot of government land in Bangkok at a reduced price
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2008/10/2008102172221137838.html

2010: In Manmar, the new national flag has been flying at government buildings and NGO offices across the country from 3 p.m
http://www.myanmars.net/myanmar/myanmar-flag-emblem.htm

On 21 October in Japan’s history

ON 21 OCTOBER IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on October 21, 2019

1392: End of the reign of Go-Kameyama, born in 1347, 99th emperor of Japan (1383-1392) who will died on May 10, 1424
https://prabook.com/web/tenno.go-kameyama/1716901
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Kameyama

1500: Death of Go-Tsuchimikado 103th emperor of Japan (1464-1500), born on July 3, 1442
http://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Go-Tsuchimikado

1600: Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate, who in effect rule Japan until the mid-nineteenth century. The last shogunate of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sekigahara
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Battle_of_Sekigahara

1600: Death of Toda Katsushige, Japanese warlord, born in 1557
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toda_Katsushige

1675: Death of Emperor Higashiyama of Japan who died on January 16, 1710
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Higashiyama

1881: Ito Hirobumi is appointed to chair a government bureau in charge to write a constitution for Japan which will go into effect in 1890
http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-9274659/Hirobumi-Ito

1894: Birth of Rampo Edogawa, Japanese author and critic, who died on July 28, 1965
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edogawa_Ranpo
http://www.kurodahan.com/mt/e/catalog/j0020cate.html

Rampo Edogawa

1895: Japanese forces invade Taiwan and take Tainan, capital of the short-lived Republic of Formosa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitulation_of_Tainan_(1895)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Formosa
http://cta.yam.org.tw/cta31.htm

1920: Beginning of the Battle of Changshanli, between Japanese and Korean, until 26
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Battle_of_Chingshanli

1931: The Sakurakai, a secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army, launches an abortive coup d’état attempt
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakurakai

1938: The Japanese troops take Canton (Guangzhou), in China
http://www.bunton.id.au/china40y/chap5.html
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025102_Canton-Battle_gun_attack
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025105_Canton-Capture_soldiers_march

1938-10-21 Canton burning
1944: In the first kamikaze attack, HMAS Australia is hit by a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kg (441 pound) bomb off Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began
http://www.j-aircraft.com/research/rdunn/hms_aust/first_kam.htm
http://www.awm.gov.au/wartime/28/article.asp

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BP3LKla583g

1959: Birth of Ken Watanabe, Japanese actor
http://www.rottentomatoes.com/celebrity/ken_watanabe/

1965: Birth of Hisashi Imai, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hisashi_Imai

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uuU2u8UPls

1970: Japan publishes its first White Paper on defense

1971: Death of Naoya Shiga, Japanese novelist, born on February 20, 1883
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiga_Naoya
http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/273.html

 

On 21 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 21 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 21, 2019

1328: Birth of Zhu Yuanzhang (Hongwu) Founder of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1398) who died on June 24, 1398
http://www.mingtombs.eu/emp/01hongwu/hongwu.html
http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/zhu-yuanzhang.htm

1727: Sino-Russian accord of Kyakhta to correct boundaries
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Kyakhta_(1727)

1895: Japanese forces invading Taiwan take Tainan, capital of the short-lived Republic of Formosa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitulation_of_Tainan_(1895)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Formosa
http://cta.yam.org.tw/cta31.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/10033.html

1938: The Japanese troops take Canton (Guangzhou), in China
http://www.bunton.id.au/china40y/chap5.html
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025102_Canton-Battle_gun_attack
http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675025105_Canton-Capture_soldiers_march

1938-10-21 Canton burning

1959: The United Nations General Assembly adopts the resolution 1353-XIV in which it expresses its deep concern for the situation in Tibet
https://www.tibetpolicy.eu/un-general-assembly-resolution-1353-xiv-of-1959-new-york/
http://www.archieve.claudearpi.net/maintenance/uploaded_pics/1959UNGeneralAssemblyResolution.pdf

1970: Birth of Louis Koo, Hong Kong actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Koo
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/koo_louis.htm

1972: Bilateral negotiations between China and Soviet Union resume at Moscow[

1987: Death of Republic of China general Ho Ying-chin
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/He_Yingqin
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9933.html

2007: End of the XVIIth Chinese communist Party congress
http://english.cpc.people.com.cn/206972/206981/8188387.html
http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS22767.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/17th_National_Congress_of_the_Communist_Party_of_China

2007 XVIIe congrès