Daily Archives: 2 octobre 2019

On 2 October in Asian history

ON 2 OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history”

Updated on October 2, 2019

222: Birth of Trieu Thi Trinh, Vietnam’s Warrior Lady
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/vietnam/p/Lady-Trieu-Vietnam.htm?nl=1

1678: Death of General Wu Sangui who invited Manchus to China, but died trying to expel them
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Sangui

1775: Death of Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet. She was born in 1703
http://www.oldpondcomics.com/chiyoni.html
https://wkdhaikutopics.blogspot.fr/2007/03/chiyo-ni.html

1869: Birth of Mohandas Gandhi, Indian politician and spiritual leader (Father of India), assassinated on January 30, 1948

http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/2nd-october-1869-mahatma-gandhi-the-father-of-the-nation-is-born
https://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898
http://www.mkgandhi.org/main.htm

1887: Birth of Prince Asaka Yasuhito, commanding officer in the taking and massacre of Nanjing but never charged. Died on 13 April 1981
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2014/04/royal-profile-prince-yasuhiko-asaka-of.html http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=63305004

1904: Birth of Lal Bahadur Shastri (Indian 3rd Prime Minister (1964-1966), who died on January 11, 1966
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/LalBahadurShastri.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lal_Bahadur_Shastri

1906: Death of Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born April 29, 1948
http://www.cyberkerala.com/rajaravivarma/

Ravi Varma

1920: The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China

1938: Birth of Wahid Murad (Waheed Murad), Pakistani film actor and director, who died on November 23, 1983
http://anisshakur.tripod.com/id31.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c059LrHxHPc

1939: Birth of Yoshisada Sakaguchi, Japanese actor
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=5037

1943: Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island

1944 : Death of Julian Felipe, composer of the Philippine National Anthem, born on January 28, 1861
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/652/today-in-philippine-history-october-2-1944-julian-felipe-composer-of-the-philippine-national-anthem-died-in-manila

1946: Birth of General Sonthi Boonyaratglin, who led the coup against prime minister Thaksin and became president of the Thailand Council for National Security
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonthi_Boonyaratglin
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5361932.stm

1949: Soviet Union recognizes the new People’s Republic of China

1950: Birth of Persis Khambatta, Indian model and actress, who died on August 18, 1998
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persis_Khambatta

1952: Birth of Wahed Wafa, Afghan singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahed_Wafa

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DSecCEYD5lg

1957: For the first time, Japan is elected as a member of the United Nations Security Council

1960: Death of Claro M. Recto, Filipino nationalist, born on February 8, 1890
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claro_M._Recto

1962: Birth of Aziz M. Osman, Malaysian actor and director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aziz_M._Osman
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0530789/bio

1973: Birth of Miako Tadano, Japanese actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Tadano_Miako

1974: Death of Nurul Amin, a prominent Bengali leader of Pakistan’s Muslim League, Prime Minister and vice-president, born on July 15, 1893
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P083

1975: Showa Tenno Hirohito, the 124th Japanese monarch along an imperial line dating back to 660 BC, emperor during the World War II, is welcomed by President Gerald Ford

1975-10-02 Ford Hirohito

1975: Death of Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician, born on July 15, 1903
http://www.bookrags.com/biography/kumaraswami-kamaraj/

1978: Birth of Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanase actress
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/08/16/ayumi-hamasaki/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wqDEKywPxs

1980: Death of General John Lionel Kotelawala, third Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1953-1956), born on 4 April 1897
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Kotelawala

1986: Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/attempt-to-assassinate-prime-minister-rajiv-gandhi-exposes-chinks-in-his-security-armour/1/348942.html
http://articles.latimes.com/1986-10-08/news/mn-4827_1_indira-gandhi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pby8kpQcThk

1988: Pakistan’s Supreme Court orders free elections

1990: A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at Guangzhou, it crashes into two airliners on the ground, killing 132 people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiamen_Airlines_Flight_8301
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9466.html

2007: President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inter-Korean_Summit
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7023079.stm

2008: The US senate approves a landmark deal that re-establishes bilateral nuclear co-operation with India ending a 30-year ban on US nuclear trade
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2008/10/20081021212400686.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7647689.stm

2008: South Korean actress and model Choi Jin-sil, known as ‘the nation’s actress’, born on December 24, 1968, commits suicide
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7648156.stm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6NquA91TeA<

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oax_3Gl_eA4&NR=1

2009: A court in Myanmar rejects an appeal by detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi against her continued house arrest
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/10/200910242658453599.html

2012: Death of Nguyen Chi Thien, Vietnamese dissident poet, born on February 27, 1939
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19819794
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguyen_Chi_Thien

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfZ6v-2viXI

2012: One of India’s most prominent anti-corruption campaigners, Arvind Kejriwal, launches a new political party aiming to tap into a rich seam of public anger against the graft-tainted government
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/india/9581361/Indian-anti-corruption-party-launched.html
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20121002-375086.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-19796415

2013: One of Vietnam’s best-known dissidents, Le Quoc Quan, is sentenced to 30 months in jail for tax evasion.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-24361701
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Hanoi:-30-months-in-prison-sentence-for-the-Catholic-lawyer-Le-Quoc-Quan-29173.html

2014: Vietnamese Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong arrived in Seoul yesterday afternoon, beginning a four-day state visit to the Republic of Korea (RoK) at the invitation of President Park Geun-hye
http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/260845/party-general-secretary-begins-rok-visit-to-enhance-relations.html

2014: A meeting of Nobel Peace Prize laureates, due to be held in Cape Town, is cancelled after South Africa refused the Dalai Lama a visa
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-29467665 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/southafrica/11136795/Nobel-Peace-Summit-cancelled-after-Dalai-Lama-refused-visa.html

 

Holidays and observances

India: Gandhi’s birthday-related observances

Japan’s economy

2 OCTOBER 2019

Japan ups sales tax to 10% amid signs economy is weakening

Japan raised its national sales tax to 10% from 8% on Tuesday, risking short-term pain for the sake of the country’s future financial stability as it copes with a fast aging and shrinking population
https://www.newdelhitimes.com/japan-ups-sales-tax-to-10-amid-signs-economy-is-weakening/

27 SEPTEMBER 2019

In Counterweight to China, EU, Japan Sign Deal to Link Asia

The European Union and Japan signed an infrastructure deal on Sept. 27 to coordinate transport, energy and digital projects linking Europe and Asia, seeking an alternative to Chinese largesse that has raised suspicion in Brussels and Tokyo
https://www.theepochtimes.com/in-counterweight-to-china-eu-japan-sign-deal-to-link-asia_3098659.html
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3030700/eu-and-japan-play-guardians-universal-values-effort-challenge

26 SEPTEMBER 2019

US and Japan agree initial trade deal focusing on agriculture

President Donald Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Sept. 25 signed an initial trade deal that opens up markets to $7 billion worth of U.S. agricultural goods
https://www.bbc.com/news/business-49834705
https://japantoday.com/category/politics/update-3-u.s.-japan-sign-limited-trade-deal-leaving-autos-for-future-talks

25 AUGUST 2019

Donald Trump and Shinzo Abe claim to have agreed trade deal worth ‘billions of dollars’

US President Donald Trump and Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Sunday announced a deal in principle on a major bilateral trade deal
https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/3024287/donald-trump-and-shinzo-abe-claim-have-agreed-trade-deal-worth
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/world/japan-us-reach-broad-agreement-on-trade-deal-reports-11840540

26 APRIL 2019

Japan opposed to linking currency to trade despite American fears over US dollar devaluation

Japan has strongly opposed linking monetary policy to trade issues, countering a demand by the United States on its trading partners to include a provision to prevent devaluation of the US dollar
https://www.scmp.com/economy/article/3007856/japan-opposed-linking-currency-trade-despite-american-fears-over-us-dollar
https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20190426/p2g/00m/0bu/037000c

10 APRIL 2019

Japan’s new visa regulation opens door to foreign labor

Faced with a shrinking workforce, Japan has made it easier for migrant workers to get a visa. Conservative critics are concerned about the impact of mass immigration on Japanese society. Julian Ryall reports from Tokyo
https://www.dw.com/en/japans-new-visa-regulation-opens-door-to-foreign-labor/a-48272586

13 FEBRUARY 2019

Don’t Expect a U.S.-Japan Trade Deal Anytime Soon

U.S.-Japan trade negotiations could start any day now. Signing a deal is a top priority for both nations, this year. However, a number of hurdles have arisen, leaving a slim chance for the deal getting done before 2020
https://www.heritage.org/trade/commentary/dont-expect-us-japan-trade-deal-anytime-soon

8 FEBRUARY 2019

Japan plans to strengthen cyber-attack defenses by certifying cloud storage services

Demanding that companies in charge of important infrastructure, such as electricity and railway networks, find secure cloud services, the government wants to strengthen defenses against cyber-attacks from China and other nations, the sources said
https://asianews.network/2019/02/07/japan-plans-to-strengthen-cyber-attack-defenses-by-certifying-cloud-storage-services/

4 FEBRUARY 2019

Merkel and Abe meet for talks on trade and nuclear arms control

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has met Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, to toast a new free trade deal between Japan and the EU. The pair were also expected to address nuclear arms control
https://www.dw.com/en/merkel-and-abe-meet-for-talks-on-trade-and-nuclear-arms-control/a-47349893
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/02/04/national/politics-diplomacy/abe-merkel-seek-take-japan-german-ties-higher-level-amid-trade-turmoil-brexit/#.XFiF2VxKg2w
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20190204_39/

1 FEBRUARY 2019

Japan-EU free trade pact enters into force

Japan’s economic partnership agreement with the European Union entered into force on Friday, creating a free trade area covering about a third of the world’s economy
https://japantoday.com/category/politics/japan-eu-free-trade-pact-enters-into-force-amid-u.s.-china-tariff-war
https://www.bbc.com/news/business-47086737

25 JANUARY 2019

Foreign workers in Japan double in 5 years, hitting record

The number of foreigners working in Japan reached a record high of 1.46 million, rising twofold over the past five years as the country grapples with a labor shortage, government data showed on Friday
https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Japan-Immigration/Foreign-workers-in-Japan-double-in-5-years-hitting-record

9 OCTOBER 2018

Mekong-Japan partnership strategy agreed at Tokyo summit

The agreement, titled “Tokyo Strategy 2018,” was adopted by Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, as well as Japan, at the 10th Mekong-Japan Summit Meeting
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/japan-vows-quality-infrastructure-in-mekong-region-in-push-for-free-and-open-indo
https://japantoday.com/category/politics/japan-mekong-leaders-to-adopt-new-strategy-centering-on-connectivity

5 AUGUST 2018

Japan moves to accept more foreign workers, but hurdles remain  

31 JULY 2018

US, Japan and Australia sign infrastructure agreement to counter China’s belt and road

Australia and Japan have joined with the United States to create a scheme for investing in countries across Asia and the Pacific in an apparent attempt to counter the growing influence of China,  whose massive Belt and Road Initiative could involve as much as £760 billion of spending over the next decade
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/07/31/us-japan-australia-sign-infrastructure-agreement-counter-chinas/
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/07/31/national/politics-diplomacy/japan-u-s-australia-plan-infrastructure-push-counter-china-indo-pacific/#.W2E0m9IzY2w

17 JULY 2018

EU, Japan sign deal eliminating nearly all tariffs in one-thirds of world’s trade volume

Japan and the EU signed a sweeping free trade deal Tuesday saying they were sending a « clear message » against protectionism, as Washington puts up barriers and threatens a trade war
http://ednews.net/en/news/economy/301160-eu-japan-sign-deal-eliminating-nearly-all-tariffs-in-one-thirds-of-worlds-trade-volume
https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/diplomacy/article/2155573/japan-signs-eus-biggest-ever-trade-deal-donald-trump-puts
https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20180717/p2g/00m/0in/099000c

6 JULY 2018

Japan becomes second country after Mexico to ratify TPP-11 trade deal

Japan became the second country to ratify the revised Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal on Friday (July 6), the same day the United States imposed the first round of prohibitive tariffs on some Chinese goods in a move many fear will lead to a drawn-out trade war
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/japan-becomes-second-country-after-mexico-to-ratify-tpp-11-trade-deal

30 JUNE 2018

Japanese rocket crashes soon after liftoff

A rocket developed by a Japanese startup company burst into flames seconds after liftoff in northern Japan. The MOMO-2 rocket, developed by Interstellar Technologies, was launched on Saturday in Taiki town on Hokkaido island. The company says it believes the rocket suffered a glitch in its main engine. The explosion caused no injuries
https://www.asiapacificstar.com/news/257590526/japanese-rocket-crashes-soon-after-liftoff
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/rocket-launch-crash-japan-explosion-six-seconds-after-lift-off-a8424611.html
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2153218/privately-developed-japanese-rocket-fails-shortly-after-lift

31 MAY 2018

Scaling back of French reactor a blow for nuke fuel reprocessing

Japan’s hopes of keeping its nuclear fuel recycling program alive faces another major obstacle with signs from France that a reactor project there will be scaled back because of swelling construction costs
http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201805310040.html

22 MAY 2018

Russia, Japan threaten to levy sanctions on US exports

Russia and Japan have threatened to impose heavy bans worth almost $1 billion combined on US exports in retaliation for Washington’s hefty duties on its metal imports
http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/05/22/562585/us-japan-russia-tariff

16 MARCH 2018

Japan’s new aid strategy builds bridges with the BRI

On 23 February 2018, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his cabinet outlined Japan’s new aid strategy and approved Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) 2017 White Paper. The Japanese government has pledged to employ Japan’s aid power for the realisation of the ‘Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy’ that was announced by Abe in August 2016
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/03/16/japans-new-aid-strategy-builds-bridges-with-the-bri/

8 MARCH 2018

Nissan in talks to buy France’s Renault stake in merger prelude

Renault SA and alliance partner Nissan Motor Co. are discussing plans for a closer tie-up in which the Japanese carmaker would acquire the bulk of the French state’s 15 percent Renault stake, people close to the matter said
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/03/08/business/corporate-business/nissan-talks-buy-frances-renault-stake-merger-prelude/#.WqF2EOjOU2x

1 MARCH 2018

In America’s absence, Japan takes the lead on free trade

Japan’s leadership in obtaining signatures on the final agreement of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), also known as TPP-11, will be a big step toward Asian regionalism without the United States
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/03/01/in-americas-absence-japan-takes-the-lead-on-free-trade/

8 DECEMBER 2017

Japan and EU reach free trade deal

Tokyo and Brussels have agreed a free trade accord, opening up the EU to Japanese cars and Japan to European cheese. Japan’s economy meanwhile has recorderd its longest uninterrupted growth since 1994
http://www.dw.com/en/japan-and-eu-reach-free-trade-deal/a-41708191
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/12/08/national/politics-diplomacy/japan-eu-reach-final-accord-trade-pact-eye-implementation-early-2019/#.Wiq8oUriY2w
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20171208_35/

25 SEPTEMBER 2017

In Contrast to the OBOR Fanfare, Japan Quietly Builds Friendships in Vietnam

The soft power cultivated by the Japanese, and shared dislike of China, may explain the business opportunities which have opened for Japanese companies in Vietnam
https://foreignpolicyblogs.com/2017/09/25/contrast-obor-fanfare-japan-quietly-builds-friendships-vietnam/

14 SEPTEMBER 2017

Abe, Modi launch India’s first bullet train project

India on Thursday inched closer to its dream of getting a bullet train when Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone for the country’s first high-speed rail link based on Japan’s famed shinkansen technologygy
https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/International-Relations/PM-Modi-and-Japan-s-Abe-launch-Indian-shinkansen-project?page=1
http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-narendra-modi-and-shinzo-abe-launch-bullet-train-project-10-important-statements-made-by-pm-2545514

14 AUGUST 2017

Japanese economy posts longest expansion in more than a decade

Japan’s economy expanded at the fastest pace for more than two years in the three months to June, with domestic spending accelerating as the country prepares for the 2020 Toyko Olympics and low levels of unemployment encouraged businesses to invest
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/14/japanese-economy-posts-longest-expansion-in-more-than-a-decade
https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/Economy/Japan-logs-4.0-GDP-growth-for-April-June-quarter
http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201708140012.html

6 JULY 2017

EU, Japan seal free trade in signal to Trump

Japan and the European Union agreed on Thursday to a free trade pact, creating the world’s biggest open economic area and signalling resistance to what they see as U.S. President Donald Trump’s protectionist turn
http://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/International-Relations/EU-Japan-seal-free-trade-in-signal-to-Trump?page=1
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2017/07/06/eu-japan-rebuke-donald-trump-outline-free-trade-deal/
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/07/06/business/japan-eu-seal-fta-four-years-talks/#.WV5mHrpuI2w

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 2 October in Asian history

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 2 October in Asian history

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on October 2, 2019

1943: Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island

1949: Soviet Union recognizes the new People’s Republic of China

1957: For the first time, Japan is elected as a member of the United Nations Security Council

1986: Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/attempt-to-assassinate-prime-minister-rajiv-gandhi-exposes-chinks-in-his-security-armour/1/348942.html
http://articles.latimes.com/1986-10-08/news/mn-4827_1_indira-gandhi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pby8kpQcThk

1990: A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at Guangzhou, it crashes into two airliners on the ground, killing 132 people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiamen_Airlines_Flight_8301
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9466.html

2007: President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inter-Korean_Summit

2008: The US senate approves a landmark deal that re-establishes bilateral nuclear co-operation with India ending a 30-year ban on US nuclear trade
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2008/10/20081021212400686.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7647689.stm

 

On 2 October in South Asian history

ON 2 OCTOBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history

Updated on October 2, 2019

1869: Birth of Mohandas Gandhi, Indian politician and spiritual leader (Father of India), assassinated on January 30, 1948

http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/2nd-october-1869-mahatma-gandhi-the-father-of-the-nation-is-born
https://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898
http://www.mkgandhi.org/main.htm

1904: Birth of Lal Bahadur Shastri (Indian 3rd Prime Minister (1964-1966), who died on January 11, 1966
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/LalBahadurShastri.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lal_Bahadur_Shastri

1906: Death of Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born April 29, 1948
http://www.cyberkerala.com/rajaravivarma/

Ravi Varma

1938: Birth of Wahid Murad (Waheed Murad), Pakistani film actor and director, who died on November 23, 1983
http://anisshakur.tripod.com/id31.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c059LrHxHPc

1950: Birth of Persis Khambatta, Indian model and actress, who died on August 18, 1998
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persis_Khambatta

1952: Birth of Wahed Wafa, Afghan singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahed_Wafa

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DSecCEYD5lg

1974: Death of Nurul Amin, a prominent Bengali leader of Pakistan’s Muslim League, Prime Minister and vice-president, born on July 15, 1893
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P083

1975: Death of Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician, born on July 15, 1903
http://www.bookrags.com/biography/kumaraswami-kamaraj/

1980: Death of General John Lionel Kotelawala, third Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1953-1956), born on 4 April 1897
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Kotelawala

1986: Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/attempt-to-assassinate-prime-minister-rajiv-gandhi-exposes-chinks-in-his-security-armour/1/348942.html
http://articles.latimes.com/1986-10-08/news/mn-4827_1_indira-gandhi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pby8kpQcThk

1988: Pakistan’s Supreme Court orders free élections

2008: The US senate approves a landmark deal that re-establishes bilateral nuclear co-operation with India ending a 30-year ban on US nuclear trade
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2008/10/20081021212400686.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7647689.stm

2011: The killer of Afghan peace envoy Burhanuddin Rabbani was a Pakistani, a statement from Afghanistan’s presidential palace says
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/10/2011102152428178377.html
http://edition.cnn.com/2011/10/02/travel/afghanistan-pakistan-assassination/index.html?hpt=ias_c1

2012: One of India’s most prominent anti-corruption campaigners, Arvind Kejriwal, launches a new political party aiming to tap into a rich seam of public anger against the graft-tainted government
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/india/9581361/Indian-anti-corruption-party-launched.html
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20121002-375086.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-19796415

2014: A meeting of Nobel Peace Prize laureates, due to be held in Cape Town, is cancelled after South Africa refused the Dalai Lama a visa
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-29467665 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/southafrica/11136795/Nobel-Peace-Summit-cancelled-after-Dalai-Lama-refused-visa.html

 

Holidays and observances

India: Gandhi’s birthday-related observances

On 2 October in Southeast Asian history

On 2 October in Southeast Asian history

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on October 2, 2019

222: Birth of Trieu Thi Trinh, Vietnam’s Warrior Lady
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/vietnam/p/Lady-Trieu-Vietnam.htm?nl=1

1944 : Death of Julian Felipe, composer of the Philippine National Anthem, born on January 28, 1861
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/652/today-in-philippine-history-october-2-1944-julian-felipe-composer-of-the-philippine-national-anthem-died-in-manila

1946: Birth of General Sonthi Boonyaratglin, who led the coup against prime minister Thaksin and became president of the Thailand Council for National Security
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonthi_Boonyaratglin
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5361932.stm

1960: Death of Claro M. Recto, Filipino nationalist, born on February 8, 1890
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claro_M._Recto

1962: Birth of Aziz M. Osman, Malaysian actor and director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aziz_M._Osman
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0530789/bio

2009: A court in Myanmar rejects an appeal by detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi against her continued house arrest
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/10/200910242658453599.html

2012: Death of Nguyen Chi Thien, Vietnamese dissident poet, born on February 27, 1939
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19819794
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguyen_Chi_Thien

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfZ6v-2viXI

2013: One of Vietnam’s best-known dissidents, Le Quoc Quan, is sentenced to 30 months in jail for tax evasion.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-24361701
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Hanoi:-30-months-in-prison-sentence-for-the-Catholic-lawyer-Le-Quoc-Quan-29173.html

2014: Vietnamese Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong arrives in Seoul, beginning a four-day state visit to the Republic of Korea (RoK) at the invitation of President Park Geun-hye
http://vietnamnews.vn/politics-laws/260845/party-general-secretary-begins-rok-visit-to-enhance-relations.html

On 2 October in Japan’s history

On 2 October in Japan’s history

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on October 2, 2019

1775: Death of Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet. She was born in 1703

http://www.oldpondcomics.com/chiyoni.html
https://wkdhaikutopics.blogspot.fr/2007/03/chiyo-ni.html

1887: Birth of Prince Asaka Yasuhito, commanding officer in the taking and massacre of Nanjing but never charged. Died on 13 April 1981
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2014/04/royal-profile-prince-yasuhiko-asaka-of.html http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=63305004

1939: Birth of Yoshisada Sakaguchi, Japanese actor
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=5037

1943: Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island

1957: For the first time, Japan is elected as a member of the United Nations Security Council

1973: Birth of Miako Tadano, Japanese actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Tadano_Miako

1975: Showa Tenno Hirohito, the 124th Japanese monarch along an imperial line dating back to 660 BC, emperor during the World War II, is welcomed by President Gerald Ford

1975-10-02 Ford Hirohito

1978: Birth of Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanase actress
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/08/16/ayumi-hamasaki/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wqDEKywPxs

 

On 2 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

On 2 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 2, 2019

1678: Death of General Wu Sangui who invited Manchus to China against Ming dynasty, but died trying to expel them
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Sangui

1920: The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China

1949: Soviet Union recognizes the new People’s Republic of China

1990: A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at Guangzhou, it crashes into two airliners on the ground, killing 132 people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiamen_Airlines_Flight_8301
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9466.html

2014: A meeting of Nobel Peace Prize laureates, due to be held in Cape Town, is cancelled after South Africa refused the Dalai Lama a visa
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-29467665 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/southafrica/11136795/Nobel-Peace-Summit-cancelled-after-Dalai-Lama-refused-visa.html