Daily Archives: 1 octobre 2019

On 1st October in Asian history

ON 1st OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history”

Updated on October 1, 2019

686: Death of Tenmu, Japanese emperor since 672, born in 631
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Tenmu
http://www.mustlovejapan.com/subject/tenmu_jito_kofun/

1644: Chinese Emperor Shunzi is enthroned
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shunzhi_Emperor

1842: Birth of Sir S. Subramania Iyer, Indian lawyer and jurist who died on December 5, 1924
http://www.ts-adyar.org/content/sir-s-subramania-iyer-1842-1924
http://www.vandemataram.com/biographies/patriots/iyer.htm

1847: Birth of Annie Besant, President of Theosophical Society of India; who founded Home Rule League in 1916 and demand self rule in India. She became the first woman president of Indian National Congress, died on September 20, 1933
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/annie-besant.html

1868: Death of Siam’s King Mongkut (Rama IV). He is succeeded by Chulalongkorn  (Rama V)
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Mongkut

1878: Death of Mindon Min, Burmese king, born on July 8, 1808
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/mindon-min

1884: In the Sino-French War, French forces take Jilong in Taiwan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-French_War

1887: Birth of Shizuichi Tanaka, Japanese general who shot himself on August 24, 1945
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=372
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shizuichi_Tanaka

1887: Baluchistan is conquered by the British
http://balochsarmachar.wordpress.com/baloch%C2%A0hisotry/

1896: Birth of Liaquat Ali Khan, Pakistan’s first Prime Minister, assassinated on October 16, 1951
http://storyofpakistan.com/liaquat-ali-khan
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/liaquat-ali-khan-7279.php

1901: Death of Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan from 1880
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdor_Rahman_Khan
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9518.html

1904: Birth of A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader, who died on March 22, 1977
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._K._Gopalan

1906: Birth of Sachin Dev Burman, Indian composer and singer who died on October 31,. 1975
http://chandrakantha.com/biodata/SD_Burman.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._D._Burma

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efeDjIA9nYI

1919: Birth of Majrooh Sultanpuri, Indian poet and songwriter who died on May 24, 2000
http://www.hindilyrics.net/profiles/majrooh-sultanpuri.html
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/majrooh-sultanpuri.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ws3qr0p2hio

1922: Birth of Chen-Ning Yan, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel physics laureate 1957
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1957/yang-bio.html

1922: Birth of Kim Ki-young, South Korean film director, who died in a fire on February 5, 1998
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Ki-young
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0453579/

1923: The Causeway, first bridge linking Singapore and Malaysia opened to traffic
 
1927: Birth of Sandy Gall, Malaysian-born British journalist and newscaster
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandy_Gall

1928: Birth of Zhu Rongji (Chinese Prime Minister 1998-2003)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhu_Rongji

Zhu Rongji 2

1928: Birth of Sivaji Ganesan, Indian actor who died on July 21, 2001
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sivaji_Ganesan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SdnOlP94x2g

1930: Birth of  Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
http://www.worldmayor.com/manifestos05/karachi_05.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naimatullah_Khan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D0PtK5L4JBg

1937: The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi Prefecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handa,_Aichi

1946: Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied occupied Korea http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autumn_Uprising_of_1946
http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_editorial/570757.html

1946-10-01-daegu-incident

1949: The People’s Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/mao-zedong-proclaims-peoples-republic-of-china
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9324.html
http://www.china-profile.com/history/indepth/id_0.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ra9X7V5B5oE&NR=1&feature=fvwp

1950: General Douglas MacArthur officially returned Seoul, South Korea, to President Syngman Rhee while South Korea forces cross the 38th parallel

1950: Vo Nguyen Giap’s Viet Minh forces start an attack on the string of French forts along the Chinese border

1952: In the Japanese general elections, the Liberal Party gets an absolute majority. The Communists loses all their seats
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_general_election,_1952
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1950965?uid=3738016&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21104717003177

1953: Signature in Washington of a mutual defense treaty with the Republic of Korea
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/kor001.asp

1953-10-01 Sigining of theROK-U_S Mutual Defense Agreement

1955: The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9533.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xinjiang

1958: Birth of Masato Nakamura, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masato_Nakamura
http://www.ocremix.org/composer/id/26/masato-nakamura/


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I9G2h_yC110

1959: Communist China celebrates its tenth anniversary . Attending Nikita Khrushchev advices Beijing to avoid affronting capitalist world
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/10th_anniversary_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9538.html

1960: At Beijing, signature of a definitive Border Treaty with Burma
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9357.html
https://books.google.fr/books?id=JmqKIm2nikoC&pg=PA167&lpg=PA167&dq=1960+signature+of+border+treaty+with+burma&source=bl&ots=1qcJD_Q7_q&sig=U9eIqPCmK9kvhUNaYILHD4exSjU&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiSyvCb1c3WAhWGuBQKHQMNAPUQ6AEIPTAE#v=onepage&q=1960%20signature%20of%20border%20treaty%20with%20burma&f=false

1961: South Vietnam requests a bilateral defense treaty with USA

1964: At the call of the communist party, hunger demonstrations in New Delhi

1964: The Shinkansen ( Bullet Train ) network of high-speed railway lines in Japan opens to co-incide with the Tokyo Olympics with the first trains traveling at 210 km/h
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2014/09/20/editorials/half-century-shinkansen/#.VCsJlL1OLTY

1964 Shinkansen_type_0

1965: General Suharto crushes the September 30 attempted coup in Indonesia
https://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/theres-now-clear-proof-that-soeharto-orchestrated-the-1965-killings/

1965-09-suharto

1970: Birth of Gam Wu-seong, South Korean actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gam_Wu-seong
http://www.cinemasie.com/en/fiche/personne/gamwuseong/

1970: Birth of Jung Joon-ho, South Korean actor and singer
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Jung_Joon_Ho
http://star.koreandrama.org/?p=140

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gmiWryES2BU

1970: Mao Zedong invites American writer Edgar Snow to the National Day celebration on the Tian’anmen rostrum, sending a signal to the United States that China is willing to improve relations with the United States

1971: Birth of Song Il-gook, Korean actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_Il_Gook
http://star.koreandrama.org/?p=22

1971: Birth of Gigi Lai, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gigi_Lai
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0481687/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgaWUMm80TU

1973: Suicide of former Afghan Prime Minister Mohammad Hashem Malwandwal after 11 days of continuous torture
http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1309&dat=19731004&id=BVUuAAAAIBAJ&sjid=hn0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=1515,3265526
https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/DOC_0000200633.pdf

1975: Birth of  Kim Suna, Korean actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Suna

1977: Pol Pot, leader of the Cambodian Khmer Rouge attends the National Day ceremony in Beijing
https://natethayer.wordpress.com/2012/09/13/pot-pot-briefs-china-in-19977-that-khmer-rouge-killings-underway/

1977-10-01-pol-pot-pekin

1988: Death of Sri Sultan Hamengku buwono IX, second vice-president of Indonesia, born in April 1912
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Sultan_Hamengkubuwono_IX

2001: A Pakistan-based militant group attacks the state legislature in Indian-ruled Kashmir, killing 38 people

2004: Death of Kim Kumija, Japanese actress born on October 11, 1958
http://www.us.imdb.com/name/nm1065704/maindetails
http://asianmediawiki.com/Kumija_Kim

2005: Three attacks by Jemaah Islamiyah on two tourist clubs in Bali cause 26 dead and 100 wounded
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/1/newsid_4965000/4965712.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/terrorists-strike-again-in-bali

2006: Death of Jun Tatara, Japanese actor, born on August 4, 1917
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0851071/

2006: Retired General Surayud Chulanont, member of the king council is named Thailand prime minister under the control of the Defense National Council led by General Sonthi
http://www.asiantribune.com/index.php?q=node/2252

2007: In Thailand, General Sonthi quits as leader of Defense National Council and is replaced by the Air Force commander Chalit Pukbhasuk

2010: China launches its second lunar exploration probe, boosting the country’s efforts to rise as a major space power eventually capable of landing a man on the moon
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11453384

2010: Kim Hwang-sik sworn in as prime minister of South Korea
http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2010/10/01/31/0301000000AEN20101001008700315F.HTML

2010: Former Pakistan military ruler Pervez Musharraf apologizes for « negative » actions he took while in power, as he launches his new political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League, in London
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-11450507

2011: Karzai abandons peace talks with the Taliban
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-15134128

2012: A Cambodian court has jailed a prominent journalist and land rights campaigner Mam Sonando for 20 years on charges of inciting rebellion
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19783123

2013: Quader Chowdhury, of the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) is found guilty of torture, rape and genocide during the war for independence from Pakistan in 1971
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/10/bangladesh-mp-sentenced-death-201310171446700799.html

2014: Students demonstrators in Hong Kong have vowed to step up their mass pro-democracy protests if Chief Executive CY Leung does not resign
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-29448338
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2014/10/02/2003601064

2015 : Afghan troops recapture the strategic northern city of Kunduz, three days after losing the provincial capital in a humbling defeat for Kabul and its U.S. allies
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/10/01/us-afghanistan-attack-idUSKCN0RU07Y20151001

2017: Tens of thousands march to defend Hong Kong’s rule of law against China
http://www.trtworld.com/asia/tens-of-thousands-march-to-defend-hong-kong-s-rule-of-law-against-china-10989
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/politics/article/2113583/national-day-protest-hong-kong-draws-40000-streets

2018: Vietnam’s former Party General Secretary Do Muoi passes away
https://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/government/209403/former-party-general-secretary-do-muoi-passes-away.html
https://en.vietnamplus.vn/special-communique-on-former-party-chief-do-muois-passing-away/139438.vnp

2018: Japanese professor Tasuku Honjo wins Nobel in medicine, together with U.S. scientist, for work on cancer therapy
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/10/01/national/science-health/japans-tasuku-honjo-u-s-national-james-p-allison-win-nobel-prize-physiology-medicine/#.W7JuaGgzY2w
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/world/us-japanese-pair-win-nobel-medicine-prize-for-cancer-therapy-10777152

Holidays and observances

National Day of the People’s Republic of China

Indonesia: Pancasila Sanctity Day

South Korea: Armed Forces Day

China home affairs

1 OCTOBER 2019

China anniversary: Beijing celebrations mark 70 years of Communist rule

China has celebrated 70 years of Communist party rule and its rise to global superpower status with a military parade showcasing the country’s technology, and a promise from President Xi Jinping that “no force can shake the status of this great nation”
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/01/china-celebrates-70-years-military-parade-xi-jinping-hong-kong
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-49808078
https://www.euronews.com/2019/10/01/china-s-national-day-military-parade-marks-70th-anniversary-of-communist-state

14  JUNE 2019

China rises but 30 years after Tiananmen, crackdown remains taboo

Beijing has not apologised or revealed death toll, but calls for accountability increase as its global profile grows
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/china-rises-30-years-tiananmen-crackdown-remains-taboo-190603075028075.html

2 JUNE 2019

Tiananmen Square: China minister defends 1989 crackdown

Chinese Defence Minister Wei Fenghe, speaking at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore on Sunday, called the seven weeks of protests by students and workers demanding democratic changes and the eradication of corruption in 1989, political « turbulence »
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-48489002
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/china-defends-bloody-crackdown-tiananmen-protests-190602083719934.html

30 APRIL 2019

Xi Jinping urges China’s young people to be patriotic and loyal ahead of 100th anniversary of May Fourth Movement

Fresh from a week of intensive diplomacy, President Xi Jinping  turned his attention on Tuesday (April 30)  to public relations of another kind – galvanising China’s young people
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/xi-praises-a-student-protest-in-china-that-took-place-100-years-ago
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-30/xi-jinping-100-years-since-student-protests-in-china/11059206

19 APRIL 2019

Beijing’s « seventh generation » of leaders emerges onto stage

This includes officials born in the 1970s.  One of them will be responsible for taking over the reigns from  Xi Jinping.  The leader can remain party secretary until 2032 and president until 2033. Ten officials seem to have an advantage in running for top party positions.  Xi’s first requirement for future leaders is « political morality »
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Beijing%27s-%22seventh-generation%22-of-leaders-emerges-onto-stage-46812.html

13 APRIL 2019

Who rules China? Representation on the NPC and Central Committee

March Madness for China watchers is the ‘Two Sessions’: the annual meetings of the National People’s Congress (NPC) and the national committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Yet, from scripted press conferences to rubber stamp approvals, these institutions are often dismissed as political pageantry of little significance. Recent scholarship suggests otherwise
https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2019/04/13/who-rules-china-representation-on-the-npc-and-central-committee/

3 MARCH 2019

China wants to make the Communist Party ‘cool’ again with digital propaganda, but is it working?

Mr Xi has told media organisations to prioritise delivering news to mobile platforms like the hugely popular WeChat mobile app, which also allows independent users to set up news accounts
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-03-02/china-wants-to-make-the-communist-party-cool-again/10828154?section=world

12 FEBRUARY 2019

China has no use for democracy. It needs a strong leader like Xi Jinping right now: Chi Wang

Chi Wang says China has no ideological basis for the development of a system that prizes personal freedom, nor any history with the rule of law
https://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/united-states/article/2185438/china-has-no-use-democracy-it-needs-strong

15 JANUARY 2019

The Patriarchy Strikes Back in China

Attempts to crush feminists and labor activists linking up show what the Communist Party fears most
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/01/15/the-patriarchy-strikes-back-in-china/

6 JANUARY 2019

China’s Xi Jinping begins his most important year at his weakest point

China’s economy has faltered in the face of US President Donald Trump’s ongoing trade war, and tensions with Washington have spread to political and military issues
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/01/05/asia/xi-jinping-2019-year-intl/index.html

19 NOVEMBER 2018

China under Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping is widely viewed as the strongest leader China has had since Deng Xiaoping or Mao Zedong. But six years into his perhaps indefinite tenure, what has Xi actually accomplished? And where might China be headed under his rule?
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/11/19/china-under-xi-jinping/

23 OCTOBER 2018

China opens world’s longest sea bridge from Hong Kong to mainland

Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over a ceremony in Zhuhai to open the 55-kilometre-long bridge, which links the city to the semi-autonomous regions of Hong Kong and Macau
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-45937924
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-10-23/china-worlds-longest-sea-bridge-hong-kong-macau/10420468
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/132/91/58/1540257442385.html?newsId=51455

8 OCTOBER 2018

Interpol chief Meng Hongwei under investigation for bribery, China says

Former Interpol chief Meng Hongwei is under investigation for suspected bribery, China’s Ministry of Public Security said in a statement on its website on Monday (Oct 8)
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/08/china-accuses-detained-interpol-chief-meng-hongwei-of-bribery
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/10/08/china-claims-detained-former-interpol-chief-accepted-bribes/

5 OCTOBER 2018

Interpol chief Meng Hongwei goes missing on China visit

Police in France have opened an investigation into the whereabouts of the president of Interpol after his wife reported that he had gone missing after travelling home to his native China
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/interpol-chief-meng-hongwei-missing-china-visit-181005142103765.html
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/2167213/french-police-launch-hunt-missing-chinese-head-interpol-meng
https://www.foxnews.com/world/missing-interpol-president-deeply-rooted-in-chinas-security

30 AUGUST 2018

After Communist Party summer retreat, Xi Jinping is sticking to his policies

President has held at least four high-level meetings since the Beidaihe session wrapped up, but analysts say there are no signs of any big changes
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2161908/after-communist-party-summer-retreat-xi-jinping

2 JULY 2018

The Chinese Communist Party has 89.6m members

The Communist Party of China (CPC) had 89.56 million members with 4.57 million primary-level Party organizations at the end of 2017, the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee announced Saturday
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/181/252/208/1530421848915.html

4 APRIL 2018

Bibles pulled from China’s online bookstores as Beijing releases white paper on religious policy

Bibles have reportedly been pulled from sale through online bookstores across China, sparking confusion and outrage from frustrated Chinese-Christians on social media amid a tenuous split between the Vatican and Beijing
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-04-04/bibles-allegedly-pulled-from-chinas-online-book-stores/9616560?section=world
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/04/04/china-cracks-sale-bible-amid-vatican-talks/

19 MARCH 2018

China’s new cabinet members endorsed

13th National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s national legislature, held the seventh plenary meeting of its first session Monday morning and endorsed the new lineup of the State Council. 
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/181/204/226/1521456648343.html
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/npc-2018-whos-who-in-chinas-cabinet

18 MARCH 2018

China’s parliament gives Premier Li second term

China’s parliament gave Premier Li Keqiang a second five-year term on Sunday (Mar 18), but he faces a tenure deeper in the shadow of the country’s powerful leader Xi Jinping
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/china-s-parliament-gives-premier-li-second-term-10053894
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/76/175/135/1521366927159.html

17 MARCH 2018

Xi Jinping gets second term, with ally Wang Qishan as vice-president

China’s legislature formally endorsed Xi Jinping’s second five-year presidential term on Saturday, and voted in Wang Qishan as the country’s new vice-president
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2137615/wang-qishan-chinas-new-vice-president-after
http://www.france24.com/en/20180317-china-xi-jinping-reappointed-second-term-president
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-43440877

15 MARCH 2018

New vice-chairpersons of 13th CPPCC National Committee

A total of 24 people were elected vice-chairpersons of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) at a plenary meeting of its first session on Wednesday
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/171/57/30/1521108753889.html

14 MARCH 2018

Wang Yang elected chairman of China’s top political advisory body

Wang Yang was elected chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the top political advisory body, Wednesday afternoon
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/28/235/75/1521018096117.html
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2137217/wang-yang-down-earth-liberal-taking-chinas-top-advisory

11 MARCH 2018

China’s Congress votes to abolish presidential term limits, allowing Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely

China’s Congress has passed a constitutional amendment that removes presidential term limits, allowing President Xi Jinping to remain in office indefinitely and confirming his status as the country’s most powerful leader since Mao Zedong died more than 40 years ago
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-03-11/china-abolishes-presidential-term-limits/9537166?section=world
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-43361276
http://www.euronews.com/2018/03/11/china-s-parliament-lifts-time-limit-on-presidency

27 FEBRUARY 2018

7 things you need to know about lifting term limits for Xi Jinping

At this point, there are more questions than answers about what this means for China, and for other countries. I will pose some of the major questions below and offer best guesses on the answers
https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2018/02/27/7-things-you-need-to-know-about-lifting-term-limits-for-xi-jinping/

25 FEBRUARY 2018

Chinese Communist Party proposes removal of two-term limit for president

China’s ruling Communist Party on Sunday set the stage for President Xi Jinping to stay in office indefinitely, with a proposal to remove a constitutional clause limiting presidential service to just two terms in office
https://www.trtworld.com/asia/china-proposes-removal-of-two-term-limit-for-president-15476
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/feb/25/xi-jinping-to-cement-his-power-with-plan-scrap-two-term-limit-china
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/36/130/32/1519553491398.html

26 JANUARY 2018

Ma Zhaoxu: China’s next man at the UN

Former foreign ministry spokesman Ma Zhaoxu will become China’s ambassador to the United Nations headquarters in New York, one of the country’s most prestigious overseas posts, according to diplomatic sources
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/world/2018/01/672_242839.html

27 DECEMBER 2017

The Chinese Dream’ and Xi Jinping’s power politics in 2017

China’s leader Xi Jinping ends 2017 in an unassailable position of power, having consolidated his grip over the Communist Party and state. Xi’s ultimate goal is to transform China into a global superpower
http://www.dw.com/en/the-chinese-dream-and-xi-jinpings-power-politics-in-2017/a-41941966

22 NOVEMBER 2017

China’s new military leaders

The new CMC membership is stacked with Xi’s favoured generals. While the two CMC deputies — Xu Qiliang and Zhang Youxia — share a long history with Xi, the remaining members either served in the former Nanjing Military Region, which encompassed Xi’s former Fujian and Zhejiang strongholds, or have been groomed for higher office since Xi assumed the CMC leadership
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2017/11/22/chinas-new-military-leaders/

29 OCTOBER 2017

Xi ally Li Qiang named Shanghai party boss — Xinhua

Li Qiang, an ally of Chinese President Xi Jinping, has been named the top Communist Party official in Shanghai, replacing Han Zheng who last week joined the elite Politburo Standing Committee, the official Xinhua News Agency said on Sunday
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/china/xi-ally-li-qiang-named-shanghai-party-boss-xinhua-1.2114840
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/chinas-leadership-changes-who-is-li-qiang-new-party-chief-of-shanghai

25 OCTOBER 2017

China congress: No heir apparent as Xi reveals top leadership

China has revealed its new senior leadership committee, breaking with tradition by not including a clear successor to President Xi Jinping (see the full list of new leaders)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-41743804
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-25/meet-president-xi-jinping-new-leadership-team/9086372?section=world
http://www.chinadailyhk.com/articles/101/76/75/1508905872099.html
http://www.ecns.cn/2017/10-25/278369.shtml

24 OCTOBER 2017

What China’s elevation of President Xi Jinping to the Communist pantheon means for the superpower’s future

China’s Communist Party votes to enshrine President Xi Jinping’s ideology in its constitution, making him the country’s most powerful leader since chairman Mao Zedong
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/xi-jinping-china-communist-party-constitutional-amendment-ideology-enshrined-superpowers-future-mao-a8017111.html
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-10-24/xi-jinping-becomes-most-powerful-chinese-leader-since-mao-has-name-added-to-constitution/1711526
http://www.dw.com/en/chinas-communist-party-boosts-xi-jinpings-status/av-41092174

19 OCTOBER 2017

One-man rule? China’s Xi Jinping consolidates grip on power

Xi is already China’s most powerful leader in decades, but could he use the world’s biggest political party and its 89 million members to cement that grip and stay in power beyond the customary two terms? And to what end? A 42mn video debate
http://www.france24.com/en/20171018-debate-china-one-man-rule

18 OCTOBER 2017

Xi Jinping delivers report to CPC 19th congress, stressing socialism with Chinese characteristics in new era

Xi Jinping called on all members of the Communist Party of China (CPC) to « secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era
http://www.ecns.cn/2017/10-18/277457.shtml
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2115858/key-points-xis-speech-chinas-communist-party-congress
http://live.china.org.cn/2017/10/17/opening-ceremony-of-the-19th-cpc-national-congress/

29 SEPTEMBER 2017

Communist Party expels former high-flyer Sun Zhengcai in countdown to key congress

Former political star Sun Zhengcai has been expelled from China’s Communist Party and will face prosecution, state media reported on Friday – two months after his shock downfall and just weeks before a key five-yearly leadership reshuffle
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2113438/chinas-communist-party-expels-former-political-high
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20170929_33/
http://chinaplus.cri.cn/news/china/9/20170929/33348.html

25 SEPTEMBER 2017

What is Xi Jinping thought?

At the next Congress, Xi Jinping’s thinking will be included in the party’s constitution, just like Mao Zedong’s was. But this thought seems only to be made of rhetoric, nationalism, and an emphasis on China’s greatness. Xi’s much-vaunted contribution to Chinese-style communism tends to stop reforms to maintain power in the hands of the party and his own
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/What-is-Xi-Jinping-thought-41877.html

16 AUGUST 2017

Xi loyalists grab the reins of pivotal projects

Chinese President Xi Jinping is giving close allies full control over two signature projects that promise to help him achieve total political supremacy: the Belt and Road Initiative and the remodeling of Beijing
https://asia.nikkei.com/Features/China-up-close/Xi-loyalists-grab-the-reins-of-pivotal-projects?page=1

7 AUGUST 2017

What to expect from Xi Jinping’s Communist Party congress power play

 When Xi Jinping took the helm of China’s ruling Communist Party in late 2012 he had few trusted allies by his side or loyal aides at his command
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2104492/how-chinas-leader-building-team-communist-party

30 JULY 2017

China marks army’s 90th anniversary in huge military parade

President Xi Jinping has overseen a large-scale military parade in a show of force to mark the 90th anniversary of the People’s Liberation Army. Xi urged the army to « unswervingly stick to » the Communist Party
https://www.scmp.com/video/china/2104637/xi-jinping-oversees-parade-celebrate-plas-90th-anniversary
http://www.aljazeera.com/video/news/2017/07/china-marks-armys-90th-anniversary-huge-military-parade-170730110920587.html
http://www.dw.com/en/chinas-xi-wants-world-class-army-to-beat-all-enemies/a-39890302

21 JULY 2017

Chinese Communist Party threatens to punish members if they are religious

The party remains concerned about the enduring issue. “Party members should be firm Marxist atheists, obey Party rules and stick to the Party’s faith,” one official writes. They should not be “allowed to seek value and belief in religion”
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Communist-Party-threatens-to-punish-members-if-they-are-religious-41348.html

27 JUNE 2017

China passes tough new national intelligence law

China’s legislature passed a new national intelligence law on Tuesday (June 27) after an unusually brief round of discussions, granting authorities new powers to monitor suspects, raid premises, seize vehicles and devices and operate overseas
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/china-passes-tough-new-national-intelligence-law

10 APRIL 2017

Beijing offers chinese spy-hunters cash rewards for amateur counter-espionage

China’s Ministry of State Security pledged to pay Chinese citizens 500,000 yuan (about 72,000 dollars) for providing the authorities with any information on espionage activities in the country
https://sputniknews.com/asia/201704101052495103-china-security-intelligence-foreign-spies-reward/
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2086308/whistle-blowers-wanted-beijingers-urged-report-foreign

3 APRIL 2017

New Party chiefs named in 4 Chinese provinces

The central leadership has named new Party chiefs in four provinces in the latest reshuffle of provincial leadership ahead of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China later this year
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2017-04/03/content_15595120.html

2 MARCH 2017

Is Xi Jinping’s political ambition bad for China?

It is an important year for Chinese President Xi Jinping, who is consolidating his influence for long-term control of the Communist Party. But China expert Willy Lam explains why Xi’s ambition may be bad for the country
http://www.dw.com/en/is-xi-jinpings-political-ambition-bad-for-china/a-37785583

7 NOVEMBER 2016

China’s finance minister Lou Jiwei steps down, former tax chief to take role

Finance Minister Lou Jiwei, who has been struggling in recent years to tackle the country’s huge debt problems, is stepping down as he approaches retirement age
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2043588/chinas-finance-minister-lou-jiwei-steps-down-former-tax-chief
http://www.atimes.com/article/finance-minister-lou-jiwei-among-three-replaced-reshuffle/

2 NOVEMBER 2016

China’s Xi condemns ‘cliques’ and ‘conspiracies’ within party

China’s President Xi Jinping condemned « cliques », « conspiracies » and « fraud » within upper echelons of the Communist Party and said there were urgent problems to be addressed, state media reported on Wednesday
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/china-s-xi-condemns-cliques-and-conspiracies-within-party/3256568.html

27 OCTOBER 2016

President Xi Jinping named as Chinese Communist Party’s ‘core’ leader

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has formally named President Xi Jinping as the “core” of the party leadership, a title that carries deep political meaning and is set to shape the power play in the run-up to a leadership reshuffle next year
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2040675/chinese-communist-party-expands-xi-jinpings-political
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-10/27/content_15517241.html
http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20161027_36/

4 OCTOBER 2016

Xi Jinping may delay picking China’s next leader, stoking speculation

The Chinese president, Xi Jinping, appears prepared to defy the Communist Party’s established script for transferring power and delay the designation of his successor until after a party congress next year, unsettling the party elite and stirring speculation that he wants to prolong his tenure
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/05/world/asia/china-president-xi-jinping-successor.html?smid=li-share

24 JULY 2016

China unveils world’s largest amphibious Aircraft

China has completed production of the world’s largest amphibian aircraft, AG600, that it plans to use to fight forest fires and perform marine rescue operations
http://www.asiapacificstar.com/index.php/sid/246105739
http://english.chinamil.com.cn/news-channels/today-headlines/2016-07/24/content_7171059.htm

30 JUNE 2016

CPC has nearly 89 million members

The Communist Party of China (CPC) had 88.758 million members at the end of 2015, according to figures revealed by the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee on Thursday
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-06/30/content_15456545.html

18 JUNE 2016

‘Rebel’ China village chief arrested for corruption

The chief of a village that became a symbol of resistance against corruption has been arrested for allegedly accepting bribes, Chinese authorities said Saturday, as a large police operation moved in to head off dissent
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/rebel-china-village-chief-arrested-corruption#sthash.7CMUpKsE.dpuf
http://www.dw.com/en/chinese-police-block-wukan-village-ahead-of-anti-corruption-protests/a-19340037
http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20160618_24/

16 MAY 2016

Beijing carefully ignores anniversary of violent Cultural Revolution

It has been 50 years since the spark that touched off China’s volatile period of mass collectives and student uprising. Beijing did not mark the occasion, and clamped down on social media discussions of the event
http://www.dw.com/en/beijing-carefully-ignores-anniversary-of-violent-cultural-revolution/a-19260230
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-36299692
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/05/china-cultural-revolution-50-media-blackout-160516050538313.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-36284297

21 APRIL 2016

 China’s Xi moves to take more direct command over military

Chinese President Xi Jinping has assumed a more direct role over the country’s powerful armed forces as head of its increasingly important joint operations, displaying both his strong personal authority and China’s determination to defend its interests.
https://www.yahoo.com/news/chinas-xi-moves-more-direct-command-over-military-034110933.html?nhp=1
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/chinas-xi-jinping-takes-commander-chief-military-title

25 MARCH 2016

20 arrested over letter asking for resignation of « Comrade Xi Jinping »

Chinese authorities have arrested 19 other people on charges of having participated in the publication of the open letter calling on President Xi Jinping to resign. The total number of detentions now stands at 20: Jia Jia the reporter, the first to be detained, appears less and less involved in the matter and his release is expected
http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-china-blog-35897905
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Open-letter-to-Xi-Jinping-reveals-divided-Party:-Resign,-for-your-own-good-and-the-good-of-the-nation-37011.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/03/china-widens-crackdown-xi-resignation-letter-160325182008794.html

14 DECEMBER 2015

China rights lawyer Pu Zhiqiang’s trial ends amid scuffles

One of China’s most prominent human rights lawyers, Pu Zhiqiang, goes on trial over online comments critical of the ruling Communist Party, as police scuffled with supporters gathered outside the courthouse
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-35089858
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1891126/chinese-rights-lawyer-pu-zhiqiang-rejects-charges

20 NOVEMBER 2015

Communist Party of China holds event to commemorate Hu Yaobang

The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee held a symposium to commemorate what would have been the 100th birthday of its former general secretary Hu Yaobang on Friday at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing
http://atimes.com/2015/11/communist-party-of-china-holds-event-to-commemorate-hu-yaobang/
https://sg.news.yahoo.com/china-issues-book-commemorating-reformist-leader-hu-yaobang-062837877.html

26 OCTOBER 2015

Xi Jinping on What’s Wrong with Contemporary Chinese Culture

At the Beijing Forum on Literature and Art, President Xi Jinping spoke to a high-level audience of arts professionals about the role of arts and culture in China. The speech was given in Beijing and titled “Talks at the Forum on Literature and Art Work,”
http://www.chinafile.com/reporting-opinion/culture/xi-jinping-whats-wrong-contemporary-chinese-culture

23 OCTOBER 2015

Xi relies on ‘second red generation’ generals to maintain grip

Generals belonging to the so-called second red generation are increasingly dominant in the Chinese military, riding their parents’ coattails to power, following the purge of two top uniformed officers in President Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption campaign
http://asia.nikkei.com/Features/China-up-close/Xi-relies-on-second-red-generation-generals-to-maintain-grip

3 SEPTEMBER 2015

China military parade commemorates WW2 victory over Japan

With swarms of fighter jets and helicopters flying overhead, some 12,000 troops marched through the center of Beijing as China marked the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II with its biggest ever display of military might
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/09/02/asia/china-world-war-ii-military-parade/index.html
http://worldaffairsjournal.org/content/chinas-xi-jinpings-speech-commemoration-70th-anniversary-japanese-wwii-surrender
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-34125418

3 JULY 2015

Why the Communist Party’s new security law is bad news for China

From « social contradictions » to food safety, from environmental crisis to foreign religions, from the Internet to outer space, there is hardly any realm of the country’s activity that doesn’t fall under the rubric of national security risk in the new law
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/07/02/opinions/china-security-law-nicholas-bequelin/index.html

1 JULY 2015

China adopts new law on national security

China’s top legislature on Wednesday adopted a new national security law highlighting cyber security and demanding the establishment of a coordinated, efficient crisis management system.
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-07/01/c_134372812.htm

11 JUNE 2015

China jails former security chief Zhou Yongkang for life for bribery, corruption

China’s ex-security chief Zhou Yongkang has been jailed for life – the most senior politician to face corruption charges under Communist rule
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/china-s-ex-security-chief/1908474.html
http://www.euronews.com/2015/06/11/china-s-crackdown-on-corruption-ex-security-chief-handed-life-sentence/
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-33095453

5 APRIL 2015

Late Chinese leader Zhao Ziyang can be laid to rest – a decade after death

The family of late liberal Communist Party chief Zhao Ziyang said on Sunday they had finally received approval for the burial of his ashes, a decade after his death
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1757115/late-chinese-leader-zhao-ziyang-can-be-laid-rest-decade-after-death

6 MARCH 2015

A Modern Cult of Personality? Xi Jinping Aspires To Be The Equal of Mao and Deng

Having been in office for just over two years, President Xi Jinping has already laid claim to being the third most powerful politician of post-liberation China, just after Chairman Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping
http://www.jamestown.org/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=43626&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=943c3fb1d23aefca0021f99432e34917#.VQH5Iu9_nmS

10 FEBRUARY 2015

Former Chinese propaganda chief Deng Liqun dies at 100

Former Chinese propaganda chief and communist hardliner Deng Liqun, a fierce critic of the economic reforms championed by late leader Deng Xiaoping, died Tuesday at the age of 100, state media reported.
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asia/471418/former-chinese-propaganda-chief-deng-liqun-dies-at-100

30 JANUARY 2015

Chinese government attacks textbooks that promote Western values

For Education Minister Yuan Guiren, high schools and universities should shun or ban textbooks that promote « non-Chinese » values. Previously, President Xi Jinping had also attacked freedom of thought. Teachers who speak out are hounded, fired and even jailed
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Chinese-government-attacks-textbooks-that-promote-Western-values-33337.html
http://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/01/30/china-warns-against-western-values-in-imported-textbooks/?ref=asia&_r=0

26 JANUARY 2015

China: The Eclipse of the Politburo

Evidence suggests the Politburo Standing Committee is in decline, while the central party bureaucracy gains more clout.
http://thediplomat.com/2015/01/china-the-eclipse-of-the-politburo/

17 DECEMBER 2014

Mourners mark China leader Zhao Ziyang’s 10th death anniversary

Mourners have gathered to mark the 10th anniversary of the death of China’s purged former leader, Zhao Ziyang
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-30863571

29 DECEMBER 2014

China’s Xi calls for tighter ideological control in universities

Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for greater « ideological guidance » in China’s universities and urged the study of Marxism, state media reported on Monday, as the country tightens control on Western ideology
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/chinas-xi-calls-tighter-ideological-control-universities

8 DECEMBER 2014

Xi Jinping: the growing cult of China’s ‘Big Daddy Xi’

Xi Jinping completes two years as president in January and as he enters his third year in office a growing cult of personality is being built around the 61-year-old as he fights to stamp his authority onto the Chinese Communist Party.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/11279204/Xi-Jinping-the-growing-cult-of-Chinas-Big-Daddy-Xi.html

Zhou’s arrest affirms Xi’s grip on power: Experts

The arrest of former public security czar Zhou Yongkang and his expulsion from the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) underscore President Xi Jinping’s tightening grip on power. It is also the Chinese leader’s biggest and boldest move yet in his two-year campaign to root out corruption across all ranks, experts said.
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/zhous-arrest-affirms-xis-grip-power-experts

5 DECEMBER 2014

China arrests ex-security chief Zhou Yongkang

Ex-security chief Zhou Yongkang, the most senior Chinese official to be investigated for corruption, has been arrested and expelled from the Communist Party, state media report.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-30352458
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/11276723/China-arrests-former-security-chief-Zhou-Yongkang.html

3 NOVEMBER 2014

China stresses Communist party’s control over military

Anyone calling for China’s People’s Liberation Army to be loyal to the state rather than the Communist party has a « very black heart », military media said Monday, after President Xi Jinping stressed: « The party commands the gun »
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asia/441148/china-stresses-communist-party-control-over-military
http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2014/11/xi-emphasizes-partys-command-army/

23 OCTOBER 2014

Beijing embraces ‘rule of law with Chinese characteristics’

China’s Communist rulers declared Thursday that the country would embrace the « rule of law with Chinese characteristics », official media reported after a key party meeting touted as heralding legal reform.
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asia/439164/beijing-embraces-rule-of-law-with-chinese-characteristics
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2014-10/23/content_15181985.html
http://english.people.com.cn/n/2014/1023/c90785-8799088.html

9 SEPTEMBER 2014

China’s ex-president drops down rankings: paper

Former Chinese leader Hu Jintao has slipped further down the Communist Party rankings, state-run media said Tuesday, as his successor Xi Jinping consolidates his authority in the one-party state
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/chinas-ex-president-drops-down-rankings-paper

25 AUGUST 2014

The Red Beatification of Xi Jinping

He is not yet one of the “saints” of the Chinese Communist Party along with Mao and Deng. But already, after less than two years in office, Xi Jinping is, to borrow a phrase from the Catholic Church, being “beatified” – given pre-sainthood status.
http://www.asiasentinel.com/politics/red-beatification-xi-jinping/

1 AUGUST 2014

Xi Jinping wants to be Mao but will not learn from the latter’s mistakes

Concentrating power in top leader of party, state and army has unleashed a flood of flattery and brought back the cult of personality that had been « abolished » after the death of the Great Helmsman. However, the new leader’s style and way of exercising power fails to heed the fact that when one rises above all others, one feels free to make blunders
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Xi-Jinping-wants-to-be-Mao-but-will-not-learn-from-the-latter’s-mistakes-31787.html

28 JULY 2014

Probes and propaganda: Xi’s double strategy to consolidate power

Under Xi Jinping, China’s government formed after the Communist Party’s 18th National Congress at the end of 2012 has adopted a double strategy to bring its control to the country’s 31 province-level governments. On the one hand, Beijing plays tough through the party’s inspection system; on the other hand, it exerts soft power softly through propaganda
http://www.wantchinatimes.com/news-subclass-cnt.aspx?id=20140728000004&cid=1101

1 JULY 2014

Xu Caihou’s Family Arrested: Was He Involved in Military Coup?

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) finally announced on June 30th that Xu caihou was expelled from the Communist Party for alleged corruption and his case handed to prosecutors for investigation. Following is earlier report on his case by http://www.ntd.tv/en/programs/news-politics/china-forbidden-news/20140630/117427-xu-caihous-family-arrested-was-he-involved-in-military-coup.html

30 JUNE 2014

Top China military official Gen Xu Caihou accused

One of China’s most senior military officials has been accused of accepting bribes and expelled from the Communist Party, state media report.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-28084886
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asia/418185/china-communist-party-expels-four-top-officials-over-graft

14 JUNE 2014

China official probed for ‘disciplinary violations’

Su Rong, vice-chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), is the highest-ranking official to come under investigation under President Xi Jinping, who has vowed to fight corruption
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2014/06/china-probes-top-politician-graft-2014614142225515823.html
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/china-official-probed-disciplinary-violations-media

4 JUNE 2014

China’s Tiananmen Square locked down by security forces on 25th anniversary

Authorities blanketed central Beijing with heavy security today on the 25th anniversary of the bloody military suppression of pro-democracy protests centred on Tiananmen Square, pre-empting any attempts to publicly commemorate one of the darkest chapters in recent Chinese history
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10873978/Chinas-Tiananmen-Square-locked-down-by-security-forces-on-25th-anniversary.html
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asia/413526/beijing-tightens-security-for-25th-anniversary-of-tiananmen-crackdown

3 JUNE 2014

China Defends Crackdown Ahead of Tiananmen Anniversary

China on Tuesday defended as « lawful » its detention of government critics ahead of this week’s 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown
http://www.voanews.com/content/china-cracks-down-on-critics-ahead-of-tiananmen-anniversary/1928154.html

6 MAY 2014

China detains series of dissidents ahead of 25th anniversary of Tiananmen massacre

Several dissidents disappear in Beijing and Guangzhou and a well-known lawyer is arrested on charges of « causing unrest » ahead of the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen protests
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10809825/China-detains-series-of-dissidents-ahead-of-25th-anniversary-of-Tiananmen-massacre.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/05/china-detains-prominent-human-rights-lawyer-2014569270309666.html

Six injured in knife attack at Chinese train station

At least six people have been injured in a knife attack at a station in Guangzhou, Chinese officials say
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-27289398
http://www.euronews.com/2014/05/06/china-knife-attack-wounds-six-in-guangzhou/

17 APRIL 2014

Xi Jinping ‘using purge of Chinese officials to fill key positions with allies’

Chinese President Xi Jinping plans to use a purge of senior officials suspected of corruption to put his own men and reform-minded bureaucrats into key positions across the Communist Party, the government and the military, sources said

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10772555/Xi-Jinping-using-purge-of-Chinese-officials-to-fill-key-positions-with-allies.html

14 APRIL 2014

Beijing: two more Zhou Yongkang cronies arrested

For experts and analysts, the government is trying to rid itself of former powerful « national security czar. » Zhao Miao and Yan Cunzhang, two of his associates, are the latest victims, both accused of corruption. For one observer, a « power struggle » is underway

http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Beijing:-two-more-Zhou-Yongkang-cronies-arrested-30830.html

3 MARCH 2014

China Captures Remaining Suspects in Train Station Attack

China says it has captured the final three suspects in the stabbing rampage at a train station that killed 29 people and injured 143 others. Citing the Ministry for Public Security Monday, the official Xinhua news agency says the suspects who carried out the attack are part of a terrorist gang led by Abdurehim Kurban.
http://www.voanews.com/content/china-captures-remaining-suspects-in-train-station-attack/1862890.html
http://www.euronews.com/2014/03/03/china-ethnic-uighurs-say-they-are-being-harassed-after-train-station-knife-/

2 MARCH 2014

Xinjiang separatists behind deadly China rail attack: Xinhua

More than 10 assailants slashed scores of people with knives at a train station in southern China, drawing police fire, in what authorities called a terrorist assault by ethnic separatists based in the far west, state media said Sunday. Thirty-three people were killed and 130 wounded
http://www.chinapost.com.tw/china/national-news/2014/03/02/401858/China-blames.htm
http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/02/world/asia/china-railway-attack/index.html?hpt=ias_c1

2 JANUARY 2014

Communist leaders battle to regain ‘street cred’

China’s normally reclusive leaders have been flocking onto the streets to court the masses after Xi Jinping, their commander-in-chief, scored a major propaganda coup by popping out for a bun lunch at a working man’s diner.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/10546660/Communist-leaders-battle-to-regain-street-cred.html

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 1st October in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICS AND STRATEGY ON 1st OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on October 1, 2019

1884: In the Sino-French War, French forces take Jilong in Taiwan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-French_War

1887: Baluchistan is conquered by the British
http://balochsarmachar.wordpress.com/baloch%C2%A0hisotry/

1946: Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied occupied Korea http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autumn_Uprising_of_1946
http://english.hani.co.kr/arti/english_edition/e_editorial/570757.html

1946-10-01-daegu-incident


1949: The People’s Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/mao-zedong-proclaims-peoples-republic-of-china
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9324.html
http://www.china-profile.com/history/indepth/id_0.htm

1950: General Douglas MacArthur officially returned Seoul, South Korea, to President Syngman Rhee while South Korea forces cross the 38th parallel

1950: Vo Nguyen Giap’s Viet Minh forces start an attack on the string of French forts along the Chinese border

1953: Signature in Washington of a mutual defense treaty with the Republic of Korea
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/kor001.asp

1953-10-01 Sigining of theROK-U_S Mutual Defense Agreement

1960: At Beijing, signature of a definitive Border Treaty with Burma
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9357.html
https://books.google.fr/books?id=JmqKIm2nikoC&pg=PA167&lpg=PA167&dq=1960+signature+of+border+treaty+with+burma&source=bl&ots=1qcJD_Q7_q&sig=U9eIqPCmK9kvhUNaYILHD4exSjU&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiSyvCb1c3WAhWGuBQKHQMNAPUQ6AEIPTAE#v=onepage&q=1960%20signature%20of%20border%20treaty%20with%20burma&f=false

1961: South Vietnam requests a bilateral defense treaty with USA

2001: A Pakistan-based militant group attacks the state legislature in Indian-ruled Kashmir, killing 38 people

2005: Three attacks by Jemaah Islamiyah on two tourist clubs in Bali cause 26 dead and 100 wounded
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/1/newsid_4965000/4965712.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/terrorists-strike-again-in-bali

2015 : Afghan troops recapture the strategic northern city of Kunduz, three days after losing the provincial capital in a humbling defeat for Kabul and its U.S. allies
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/10/01/us-afghanistan-attack-idUSKCN0RU07Y20151001

 

Holidays and observances

National Day of the People’s Republic of China

 

 

On 1st October in South Asian history

On 1st OCTOBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 1, 2019

1842: Birth of Sir S. Subramania Iyer, Indian lawyer and jurist who died on December 5, 1924
http://www.ts-adyar.org/content/sir-s-subramania-iyer-1842-1924
http://www.vandemataram.com/biographies/patriots/iyer.htm

1847: Birth of Annie Besant, President of Theosophical Society of India; who founded Home Rule League in 1916 and demand self rule in India. She became the first woman president of Indian National Congress, died on September 20, 1933
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/annie-besant.html

1887: Baluchistan is conquered by the British
http://balochsarmachar.wordpress.com/baloch%C2%A0hisotry/

1896: Birth of Liaquat Ali Khan, Pakistan’s first Prime Minister, assassinated on October 16, 1951
http://storyofpakistan.com/liaquat-ali-khan
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/liaquat-ali-khan-7279.php

1901: Death of Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan from 1880
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdor_Rahman_Khan

1904: Birth of A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader, who died on March 22, 1977
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._K._Gopalan

1906: Birth of Sachin Dev Burman, Indian composer and singer who died on October 31,. 1975
http://chandrakantha.com/biodata/SD_Burman.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._D._Burma

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efeDjIA9nYI

1919: Birth of Majrooh Sultanpuri, Indian poet and songwriter who died on May 24, 2000
http://www.hindilyrics.net/profiles/majrooh-sultanpuri.html
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/majrooh-sultanpuri.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ws3qr0p2hio

1928: Birth of Sivaji Ganesan, Indian actor who died on July 21, 2001
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sivaji_Ganesan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SdnOlP94x2g

1930: Birth of  Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
http://www.worldmayor.com/manifestos05/karachi_05.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naimatullah_Khan

1973: Suicide of former Afghan Prime Minister Mohammad Hashem Malwandwal after 11 days of continuous torture
http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1309&dat=19731004&id=BVUuAAAAIBAJ&sjid=hn0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=1515,3265526
https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/…/DOC_0000200633.pd…

2001: A Pakistan-based militant group attacks the state legislature in Indian-ruled Kashmir, killing 38 people

2010: Former Pakistan military ruler Pervez Musharraf apologizes for « negative » actions he took while in power, as he launches his new political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League, in London
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-11450507

2011: Karzai abandons peace talks with the Taliban
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-15134128

2013: Quader Chowdhury, of the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), is found guilty of torture, rape and genocide during the war for independence from Pakistan in 1971.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/10/bangladesh-mp-sentenced-death-201310171446700799.html

2015 : Afghan troops recapture the strategic northern city of Kunduz, three days after losing the provincial capital in a humbling defeat for Kabul and its U.S. allies
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/10/01/us-afghanistan-attack-idUSKCN0RU07Y20151001

On 1st October in Southeast Asian history

1965-09-suharto

ON 1st OCTOBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on October 1, 2019

1868: Death of King Mongkut (Rama IV). He is succeeded by Chulalongkorn  (Rama V)
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Mongkut

1878: Death of Mindon Min, Burmese king, born on July 8, 1808
http://www.myanmars.net/myanmar-history/king-mindon.htm

1923: The Causeway, first bridge linking Singapore and Malaysia opened to traffic
 
1927: Birth of Sandy Gall, Malaysian-born British journalist and newscaster
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandy_Gall

1950: Vo Nguyen Giap’s Viet Minh forces start an attack on the string of French forts along the Chinese border

1960: At Beijing, signature of a definitive Border Treaty with Burma
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9357.html
https://books.google.fr/books?id=JmqKIm2nikoC&pg=PA167&lpg=PA167&dq=1960+signature+of+border+treaty+with+burma&source=bl&ots=1qcJD_Q7_q&sig=U9eIqPCmK9kvhUNaYILHD4exSjU&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiSyvCb1c3WAhWGuBQKHQMNAPUQ6AEIPTAE#v=onepage&q=1960%20signature%20of%20border%20treaty%20with%20burma&f=false

1961: South Vietnam requests a bilateral defense treaty with USA

1965: General Suharto crushes attempted September 30 movement coup and sizes power (See 30 September)
https://indonesiaatmelbourne.unimelb.edu.au/theres-now-clear-proof-that-soeharto-orchestrated-the-1965-killings/

1965-09-suharto

1977: Pol Pot, leader of the Cambodian Khmer Rouge attends the National Day ceremony in Beijing
https://natethayer.wordpress.com/2012/09/13/pot-pot-briefs-china-in-19977-that-khmer-rouge-killings-underway/

1977-10-01-pol-pot-pekin

1988: Death of Sri Sultan Hamengku buwono IX, second vice-president of Indonesia, born in April 1912
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Sultan_Hamengkubuwono_IX

2005: Three attacks by Jemaah Islamiyah on two tourist clubs in Bali cause 26 dead and 100 wounded
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/1/newsid_4965000/4965712.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/terrorists-strike-again-in-bali

2006: Retired General Surayud Chulanont, member of the king council is named Thailand prime minister under the control of the Defense National Council led by General Sonthi
http://www.asiantribune.com/index.php?q=node/2252

2007: In Thailand, General Sonthi quits as leader of Defense National Council and is replaced by the Air Force commander Chalit Pukbhasuk

2012: A Cambodian court jails a prominent journalist and land rights campaigner Mam Sonando for 20 years on charges of inciting rebellion.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19783123

2018: Vietnam’s former Party General Secretary Do Muoi passes away
https://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/government/209403/former-party-general-secretary-do-muoi-passes-away.html
https://en.vietnamplus.vn/special-communique-on-former-party-chief-do-muois-passing-away/139438.vnp

 

Holidays and observances

Indonesia: Pancasila Sanctity Day

On 1st October in Japan’s history

1st OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on October 1, 2019

686: Death of Tenmu, Japanese emperor since 672, born in 631
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Tenmu
http://www.mustlovejapan.com/subject/tenmu_jito_kofun/

1887: Birth of Shizuichi Tanaka, Japanese general who shot himself on August 24, 1945
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=372
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shizuichi_Tanaka

1937: The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi Prefecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handa,_Aichi

1952: In the Japanese general elections, the Liberal Party gets an absolute majority. The Communists loses all their seats
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_general_election,_1952
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1950965?uid=3738016&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21104717003177

1958: Birth of Masato Nakamura, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masato_Nakamura
http://www.ocremix.org/composer/id/26/masato-nakamura/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I9G2h_yC110

1964: The Shinkansen ( Bullet Train ) network of high-speed railway lines in Japan opens to co-incide with the Tokyo Olympics with the first trains traveling at 210 km/h
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2014/09/20/editorials/half-century-shinkansen/#.VCsJlL1OLTY

1964 Shinkansen_type_0

1986: Birth of Sayaka Kanda, Japanese singer
http://eiga.wikia.com/wiki/Sayaka_Kanda

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ey67y84XDw

1987: Birth of Hiroki Aiba, Japanese actor and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroki_Aiba

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cw4xoTXftiI&p=2FEE41B0021FAD8F&playnext=1&index=8

2004: Death of Kim Kumija, Japanese actress born on October 11, 1958
http://www.us.imdb.com/name/nm1065704/maindetails
http://asianmediawiki.com/Kumija_Kim

2006: Death of Jun Tatara, Japanese actor, born on August 4, 1917
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0851071/

2018: Japanese professor Tasuku Honjo wins Nobel in medicine, together with U.S. scientist, for work on cancer therapy
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/10/01/national/science-health/japans-tasuku-honjo-u-s-national-james-p-allison-win-nobel-prize-physiology-medicine/#.W7JuaGgzY2w
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/world/us-japanese-pair-win-nobel-medicine-prize-for-cancer-therapy-10777152

On 1st October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 1st OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 1, 2019

1644: Chinese Emperor Shunzi is enthroned
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shunzhi_Emperor

1884: In the Sino-French War, French forces take Jilong in Taiwan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-French_War

1922: Birth of Chen-Ning Yan, Chinese-American physicist and academic, Nobel physics laureate 1957
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1957/yang-bio.html

1928: Birth of Zhu Rongji, Chinese Prime Minister from 1998 to 2003
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhu_Rongji

Zhu Rongji 2


1949: The People’s Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/mao-zedong-proclaims-peoples-republic-of-china
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9324.html
http://www.china-profile.com/history/indepth/id_0.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ra9X7V5B5oE&NR=1&feature=fvwp

1949: The Central People’s Government Committee held its first meeting

1955: The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9533.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xinjiang

1959: Communist China celebrates its tenth anniversary . Attending Nikita Khrushchev advices Beijing to avoid affronting capitalist world
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/10th_anniversary_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9538.html

1960: At Beijing, signature of a definitive Border Treaty with Burma
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9357.html
https://books.google.fr/books?id=JmqKIm2nikoC&pg=PA167&lpg=PA167&dq=1960+signature+of+border+treaty+with+burma&source=bl&ots=1qcJD_Q7_q&sig=U9eIqPCmK9kvhUNaYILHD4exSjU&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiSyvCb1c3WAhWGuBQKHQMNAPUQ6AEIPTAE#v=onepage&q=1960%20signature%20of%20border%20treaty%20with%20burma&f=false

1970: Chairman Mao Zedong invites American writer Edgar Snow to the National Day celebration on the Tian’anmen rostrum, sending a signal to the United States that China is willing to improve relations with the United States

1971: Birth of Gigi Lai, Hong Kong actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gigi_Lai
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0481687/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgaWUMm80TU

1977: Pol Pot, leader of the Cambodian Khmer Rouge attends the National Day ceremony in Beijing
https://natethayer.wordpress.com/2012/09/13/pot-pot-briefs-china-in-19977-that-khmer-rouge-killings-underway/

1977-10-01-pol-pot-pekin

2010: China launches its second lunar exploration probe, boosting the country’s efforts to rise as a major space power eventually capable of landing a man on the moon
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11453384

2014: Students demonstrators in Hong Kong have vowed to step up their mass pro-democracy protests if Chief Executive CY Leung does not resign
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-29448338
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2014/10/02/2003601064

2017: Tens of thousands march to defend Hong Kong’s rule of law against China
http://www.trtworld.com/asia/tens-of-thousands-march-to-defend-hong-kong-s-rule-of-law-against-china-10989
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/politics/article/2113583/national-day-protest-hong-kong-draws-40000-streets

 

Holidays and observances

National Day of the People’s Republic of China