Daily Archives: 21 août 2019

On 21 August in Asian history

ON 21 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on August 21, 2019

672: Death of Kōbun, few months Japanese emperor, born in 648
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Kōbun

1140: Song Dynasty general Yue Fei defeats an army led by Jin Dynasty general Wanyan Wuzhu at the Battle of Yancheng during the Jin–Song wars
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yancheng
http://www.shenyunperformingarts.org/learn/article/read/item/MzUnKWQT8Cg/yue-fei-chinese-stories-history.html

1140-08-21 Yancheng Battle

1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shogun and the de facto ruler of Japan
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Minamoto_no_Yoritomo
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Minamoto_no_Yoritomo

1535: Birth of Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord who died on February 18, 1619
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimazu_Yoshihiro

1581: Death of Sakuma Nobumori, Japanese retainer and samurai, born in 1527
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakuma_Nobumori

1856: America’s first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Townsend_Harris

1870: Ma Xinyi, Viceroy of Liangjiang of the late Qing Dynasty in China, is assassinated. Born in 1821
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ma_Xinyi

1921: The White Russian Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg who led Mongolia to independence from China in March is hand over to soviet Red army by his own troops
http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/the-bloody-baron-von-ungern-sternberg-madman-or-mystic
http://ahistoryblog.com/2012/08/14/baron-von-ungern-sternberg-1885-1921-bloody-white-baron/

1921: Birth of Jaymala Shiledar, Indian actor and singer who died on August 8, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaymala_Shiledar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAWLTpHADLk

1926: Death of Ugyen Wangchuck, first king of Bhutan, born in 1862
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ugyen_Wangchuck

1937: China and Russia sign a non aggression pact

1942: Allied forces involved in the Guadalcanal campaign defeat an attack by Imperial Japanese Army soldiers in the Battle of the Tenaru River
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Tenaru
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=177275


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MEqr1xXurek

1945: General Ho Ying-chin, commander-in-chief of the Chinese Army, transmits to general Okamura Yasutsugu a memorandum on the preparation for the surrender of Japanese forces in China
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/surrender06.htm

1963: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngo Dinh Nhu, brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem, vandalises Buddhist pagodas across the country, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. Martial law is declared
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xa_Loi_Pagoda_raids

1967: China reports downing of 2 US bombers

1971: A bomb exploded in the Liberal Party campaign rally in Plaza Miranda, Manila, with several anti-Marcos political candidates injured

1976: In retaliation of the August 18 murder of two US officers by the North Korean, Operation Paul Bunyan at Panmunjeom, Korea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Paul_Bunyan
http://www.greatunclebill.com/dmzpics.htm

1978: Birth of Bhumika Chawla, Indian Actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumika_Chawla

1978: Birth of Annie Wu, Taiwanese Actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Annie_Wu
http://chinesemov.com/actors/Annie%20Wu.html
http://vimeo.com/15815916

1982: « Gang of Four » Shanghai remnants sentenced
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8092.html

1983: Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at the Manila International Airport
https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/143594-look-back-ninoy-aquino-assassination
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/21/newsid_2534000/2534945.stm
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8260401
http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/aug-21-1983-benigno-aquino-assassinated-10551934

1984: 900,000 Filipinos hold an anti-Marcos parade

1984 manifs

1987: Birth of Kim Kibum, a member of Korean boy band Super junior. actor and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Kibum

1995: Death of Subrahmanyan Chandrasehkhar, Indian-born astrophysicist, Nobel Prize 1983, born on October 19, 1910
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Chandrasekhar.html
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1983/chandrasekhar/auto-biography/

1997: Afghanistan suspends its embassy operations in the United States

2002: In Pakistan, President General Pervez Musharraf unilaterally amends the Pakistani constitution. He expands his term in office and grants himself powers that include the right to dissolve parliament

2004: In Bangladesh, a grenade attack against the main political party, the Awami league, causes 22 dead. Its leader, Sheikh Hasina, is wounded

2006: Death of Ustad Bismillah Khan, Indian musician, born on March 21, 1916
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismillah_Khan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro

2007: In Bangladesh, Violent confrontation between students and police. Students demand the withdrawal of troops from campus and politics

2009: Death of Rex Shelley, Singaporean author, born on November 27, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rex_Shelley
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_1641_2010-01-31.html

2010: Pakistan accepts five million dollars in flood aid from India in a rare gesture of goodwill between the two bitter rivals. Twenty million people have been affected by Pakistan’s worst natural disaster in decades
http://www.france24.com/en/20100821-islamabad-accepts-indian-aid-flood-relief-pakistan-emergency-assistance

2012: South Korea rejected Japan’s formal proposal on Tuesday that the two countries ask the International Court of Justice to settle a long-running island dispute

2014: Thailand’s junta-picked national assembly chooses coup leader, General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, as prime minister in a one-horse race that entrenches the military’s hold on power
http://www.news.com.au/world/thailand-army-chief-general-prayut-chanocha-appointed-prime-minister/story-fndir2ev-1227032107221
http://www.euronews.com/2014/08/21/thailand-s-army-chief-named-as-country-s-pm/

2014: Indonesia’s highest court unanimously upholds last month’s presidential election result, paving the way for Joko Widodo to take over as leader of the world’s third largest democracy
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/08/indonesia-upholds-presidential-poll-result-201482114431312552.html
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/21/election-finally-ends-prabowo.html

2015 : Ranil Wickremesinghe, UNP leader, is sworn-in as Sri Lanka’s new Prime Minister
http://asiantribune.com/node/87704

2015 : Wang Dongxing, Mao Zedong’s ex-security chief dies at age 99
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1851403/chinese-leader-mao-zedongs-main-bodyguard-and-later
http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/mao-zedong-s-chief-bodyguard-wang-dongxing-dies-aged-99-report/article1-1382717.aspx

2018: Taiwan loses third diplomatic ally this year after El Salvador breaks ties
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/taiwan-set-to-lose-its-third-diplomatic-ally-this-year-source
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2018/08/22/2003698956
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201808210031.aspx


Holidays and observances

Philippines: Ninoy Aquino Day

War, conflicts and strategy on 21 August in Asian history

WARS, CONFLITS AND STRATEGY ON 21 AUGUST IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on August 21, 2019

1140: Song Dynasty general Yue Fei defeats an army led by Jin Dynasty general Wanyan Wuzhu at the Battle of Yancheng during the Jin–Song wars
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yancheng
http://www.shenyunperformingarts.org/learn/article/read/item/MzUnKWQT8Cg/yue-fei-chinese-stories-history.html

1140-08-21 Yancheng Battle

1921: The White Russian Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg who led Mogolia to independence from China in March is hand over to soviet Red army by his own troops
http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/the-bloody-baron-von-ungern-sternberg-madman-or-mystic
http://ahistoryblog.com/2012/08/14/baron-von-ungern-sternberg-1885-1921-bloody-white-baron/

1937: China and Russia sign a non aggression pact

1942: Allied forces involved in the Guadalcanal campaign defeat an attack by Imperial Japanese Army soldiers in the Battle of the Tenaru River
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Tenaru
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=177275


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MEqr1xXurek

1945: General Ho Ying-chin, commander-in-chief of the Chinese Army, transmits to general Okamura Yasutsugu a memorandum on the preparation for the surrender of Japanese forces in China
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/surrender06.htm

1963: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngo Dinh Nhu, brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem, vandalises Buddhist pagodas across the country, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. Martial law is declared
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xa_Loi_Pagoda_raids

1967: China reports downing of 2 US bombers

1971: A bomb exploded in the Liberal Party campaign rally in Plaza Miranda, Manila, with several anti-Marcos political candidates injured

1976: In retaliation of the August 18 murder of two US officers by the North Korean, Operation Paul Bunyan at Panmunjeom, Korea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Paul_Bunyan
http://www.greatunclebill.com/dmzpics.htm

1997: Afghanistan suspends its embassy operations in the United States

2012: South Korea rejected Japan’s formal proposal on Tuesday that the two countries ask the International Court of Justice to settle a long-running island dispute

 

 

On 21 August in South Asian history

ON 21 AUGUST IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on August 21, 2019

1921: Birth of Jaymala Shiledar, Indian actor and singer who died on August 8, 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaymala_Shiledar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAWLTpHADLk

1978: Birth of Bhumika Chawla, Indian Actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumika_Chawla

1984: Birth of Barun Sobti, Indian actor
http://barunsobti.com/

1995: Death of Subrahmanyan Chandrasehkhar, Indian-born astrophysicist, Nobel Prize 1983, born on October 19, 1910
http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Chandrasekhar.html
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1983/chandrasekhar/auto-biography/

1997: Afghanistan suspends its embassy operations in the United States

2002: In Pakistan, President General Pervez Musharraf unilaterally amends the Pakistani constitution. He expands his term in office and grants himself powers that include the right to dissolve parliament

2004: In Bangladesh, a grenade attack against the main political party, the Awami league, causes 22 dead. Its leader, Sheikh Hasina, is wounded

2006: Death of Ustad Bismillah Khan, Indian musician, born on March 21, 1916
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismillah_Khan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro

2007: In Bangladesh, Violent confrontation between students and police. Students demand the withdrawal of troops from campus and politics

2010: Pakistan accepts five million dollars in flood aid from India in a rare gesture of goodwill between the two bitter rivals. Twenty million people have been affected by Pakistan’s worst natural disaster in decades
http://www.france24.com/en/20100821-islamabad-accepts-indian-aid-flood-relief-pakistan-emergency-assistance

2015 : Ranil Wickremesinghe, UNP leader, is sworn-in as Sri Lanka’s new Prime Minister
http://asiantribune.com/node/87704

 

On 21 August in Southeast Asian history

ON 21 AUGUST IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on August 21, 2019

1963: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces loyal to Ngo Dinh Nhu, brother of President Ngo Dinh Diem, vandalises Buddhist pagodas across the country, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead. Martial law is declared
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xa_Loi_Pagoda_raids

1971: A bomb exploded in the Liberal Party campaign rally in Plaza Miranda, Manila, with several anti-Marcos political candidates injured

1983: Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at the Manila International Airport
https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/143594-look-back-ninoy-aquino-assassination
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/21/newsid_2534000/2534945.stm
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8260401
http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/aug-21-1983-benigno-aquino-assassinated-10551934

1984: 900,000 Filipinos hold an anti-Marcos parade

1984 manifs

2009: Death of Rex Shelley, Singaporean author, born on November 27, 1930
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rex_Shelley
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_1641_2010-01-31.html

2014: Thailand’s junta-picked national assembly chooses coup leader, General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, as prime minister in a one-horse race that entrenches the military’s hold on power
http://www.news.com.au/world/thailand-army-chief-general-prayut-chanocha-appointed-prime-minister/story-fndir2ev-1227032107221
http://www.euronews.com/2014/08/21/thailand-s-army-chief-named-as-country-s-pm/

2014: Indonesia’s highest court unanimously upholds last month’s presidential election result, paving the way for Joko Widodo to take over as leader of the world’s third largest democracy
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/08/indonesia-upholds-presidential-poll-result-201482114431312552.html
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/21/election-finally-ends-prabowo.html

 

Holidays and observances

Philippines: Ninoy Aquino Day

On 21 August in Japan’s history

ON 21 AUGUST IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on August 21, 2019

672: Death of Kōbun, few months Japanese emperor, born in 648
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Kōbun

1192: Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shogun and the de facto ruler of Japan
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Minamoto_no_Yoritomo
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Minamoto_no_Yoritomo

1535: Birth of Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord who died on February 18, 1619
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimazu_Yoshihiro

1581: Death of Sakuma Nobumori, Japanese retainer and samurai, born in 1527
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakuma_Nobumori

1856: America’s first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Townsend_Harris

1942: Allied forces involved in the Guadalcanal campaign defeat an attack by Imperial Japanese Army soldiers in the Battle of the Tenaru River
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Tenaru
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=177275

1945: General Ho Ying-chin, commander-in-chief of the Chinese Army, transmits to general Okamura Yasutsugu a memorandum on the preparation for the surrender of Japanese forces in China
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/surrender06.htm

 

On 21 August in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 21 AUGUST IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on August 21, 2019

1140: Song Dynasty general Yue Fei defeats an army led by Jin Dynasty general Wanyan Wuzhu at the Battle of Yancheng during the Jin–Song wars
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Yancheng
http://www.shenyunperformingarts.org/learn/article/read/item/MzUnKWQT8Cg/yue-fei-chinese-stories-history.html

1140-08-21 Yancheng Battle

1870: Ma Xinyi, Viceroy of Liangjiang of the late Qing Dynasty in China, is assassinated. Born in 1821
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ma_Xinyi

1921: The White Russian Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg who led Mogolia to independence from China in March is hand over to soviet Red army by his own troops
http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/the-bloody-baron-von-ungern-sternberg-madman-or-mystic

http://ahistoryblog.com/2012/08/14/baron-von-ungern-sternberg-1885-1921-bloody-white-baron/

1937: China and Russia sign a non aggression pact

1945: General Ho Ying-chin, commander-in-chief of the Chinese Army, transmits to general Okamura Yasutsugu a memorandum on the preparation for the surrender of Japanese forces in China
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/surrender06.htm

1967: China reports downing of 2 US bombers

1978: Birth of Annie Wu, Taiwanese Actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Annie_Wu
http://chinesemov.com/actors/Annie%20Wu.html
http://vimeo.com/15815916

1982: « Gang of Four » Shanghai remnants sentenced
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/8092.html

2015 : Wang Dongxing, Mao Zedong’s ex-security chief dies at age 99
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1851403/chinese-leader-mao-zedongs-main-bodyguard-and-later
http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/mao-zedong-s-chief-bodyguard-wang-dongxing-dies-aged-99-report/article1-1382717.aspx

2018: Taiwan loses third diplomatic ally this year after El Salvador breaks ties
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/taiwan-set-to-lose-its-third-diplomatic-ally-this-year-source
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2018/08/22/2003698956
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201808210031.aspx