Daily Archives: 20 mai 2019

On 20 May in Asian history

ON 20 MAY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on May 20, 2019

1293: An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Japan, leaving 30,000 killed
http://broom02.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=1293%20Kamakura%20earthquake

1498: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/vasco-da-gama-reaches-india
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06374a.htm

1498-05-20 Vasco de Gama Calicut

1550: Death of Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shogun, born on 21 April 1511
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Ashikaga_Yoshiharu

1619: Coen, backed by a force of nineteen ships, storms the Jayakarta driving out the Banten forces, and from the ashes of Jayakarta, establishes Batavia (now Jakarta) as the VOC headquarters
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batavia,_Dutch_East_Indies

1645: The Manchurian Qing army occupies the city of Yangzhou. Chinese general Shi Kefa refuses to summit. Start of a for 10 days long massacre. Hundred thousands of people get killed by the Qing troops
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangzhou_massacre
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shi_Kefa

1784: In a Treaty signed in Paris, Netherlands cedes to Britain the port city of Nagappattinam in India and allows the British free navigation rights in the Duch-held Mollucas

1894: Birth of Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, who died on January 8, 1994
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramacharya
https://rlalitha.wordpress.com/2009/06/09/sri-chandrasekharendra-saraswati-swamigal/

1900: Birth of Sumitranandan Pant, Indian poet who died on December 28, 1977
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-may-1900-sumitranandan-pant-indian-poet-was-born

Sumitranandan Pant (1900-1977)

1908: In Netherlands Indies, Foundation of the Boedi Oetomo (Noble Conduct), organization led by Dr Soetomo.  Educational movement which turned to politics
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Budi-Utomo
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/28/boedi-oetomo-birth-a-nation.html

1939: Birth of Balu Mahendra, Sri Lankan-Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter who died on February 13, 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balu_Mahendra
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/balu-mahendra/biography.html

1941: Birth of Goh Chok Tong, former Singaporian Premier and later Senior Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goh_Chok_Tong

1942: Japan completed the conquest of Burma

1946: Birth of Xanana Gusmao, former president of East-Timor (2002-2007) then Prime Minister up to February 2015
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/342145.stm

1946: In Japan, formation of Yoshida cabinet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shigeru_Yoshida

1947: Ho Chi Minh and Hoang Minh Giam reject France’s stringent cease-fire conditions

1948: Chiang Kai-shek is formally elected President of the Republic of China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_the_Republic_of_China

1950: Birth of Wei Jingsheng, the best known Chinese dissident
http://weijingsheng.org/wei/en.html

1954: Chiang Kai-shek is reelected president of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

1957: Birth of Yoshihiko Noda, Prime Minister of Japan (2011-2012)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoshihiko_Noda

1959: Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship

1963: Sukarno is reelected president of Indonesia

1967: In USA, 10,000 demonstrate against Vietnam War

1967: Birth of Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist
http://www.fas.org/irp/world/iraq/956-tni.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDPVMgt1JCE

1969: End of the ten days Battle of Hamburger Hill (Aptia Mountain) one of the bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War (see on May 10) 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-for-hamburger-hill-ends
http://www.thefinertimes.com/Vietnam-War/the-battle-of-hamburger-hill.html

1970: 100,000 march in New York supporting US policy in Vietnam

1978: Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek, is elected president of the Republic of China (Taiwan), till his death on January 13, 1988
http://www.ee.nthu.edu.tw/~sdyang/BioInfo/Bio_Chiang_CK.htm

1982: In the Afghanistan war, first exchange of prisoners closed of the Pakistani border

1982: Sir Edward Youde takes office as Governor of Hong Kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Youde

1983: Birth of Jr. NTR, Indian film actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jr._NTR

1986: In a joint communiqué Lisbon and Beijing announce the beginning of talks on Macao

1988: Birth of Carla Humphries, Filipina actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carla_Humphries

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-MXdiUPhoo

1989: Chinese Premier Li Peng proclaims the Martial Law in Beijing

1989-05- Li Peng Martial Law

https://www.upi.com/Archives/1989/05/20/China-declares-martial-law/8922611640000/
http://www.tsquare.tv/chronology/MartialLaw.html

 

1990: In Taiwan, Lee Teng-hui, elected on March 21, is sworn in as the eighth president 
 http://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=4,29,31,45&post=4599
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/5310.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmEVuKivY80

1992: India launches its first satellite independently

1992: The king of Thailand ask the Prime minister Suchinda Kraprayoon and opposition leader to put an end to the brutalities in Bangkok


http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-37650466

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8DeXAwhHko

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz5nHpznnnc&feature=related

1993: Xanana Gusmao, leader of the East-Timor separatist insurgency (arrested in 1992) is condemned to life sentence, changed later to 20 years in prison
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanana_Gusm%C3%A3o

1997: US President Clinton signs an executive order 13047 barring new US investment in Burma (Myanmar), effective May 21 and renewable annually
http://www.cato.org/publications/trade-policy-analysis/us-sanctions-against-burma-failure-all-fronts

2000: In Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian becomes the first non KMT president

http://www.who2.com/chenshuibian.html
https://sites.duke.edu/niou/files/2011/06/41.pdf

2002: East-Timor is officially independent from Indonesia


http://newsweekly.com.au/article.php?id=1024

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7aAnLARXdYY

2002: Mari Alkatiri becomes Prime Minister of East Timor up to June 26, 2006
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1989267.stm

2004: Chen Shui-bian starts his second mandate as president of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

2006: In Dhaka, a series of massive wildcat strikes begin, involving nearly 1.8 million garment workers in Bangladesh
https://libcom.org/news/article.php/bangladesh-garment-revolt-140706

2007: In Vietnam, legislative elections. 83 % of the candidates are members of the Vietnam Communist Party. In the final, more than 90 % of the members of the parliament are members of the CPV

2008: Ma Ying-jeou is sworn in as president of Taiwan
http://www.china-briefing.com/news/2008/05/20/ma-ying-jeou-sworn-in-as-taiwans-new-president.html
https://china.usc.edu/ma-ying-jeou-“inaugural-address”-may-20-2008

2008: Tsai Ing-wen is elected chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party, the main opposition party in Taiwan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Progressive_Party_chairmanship_election,_2008

2008: India and Pakistan resume talks
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7409672.stm

2009: Sri Lanka celebrates victory over the Tamil Tigers with a national holiday as the army hunt down fugitive rebels

2012: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou is sworn in for second term

https://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=2&post=2402

2013: Myanmar President Thein Sein becomes the first leader of his country to visit the White House in nearly half a century, as Washington offers a strong symbolic gesture to back his reforms
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/may/20/thein-sein-burma-visit-us-obama
https://www.pri.org/stories/2013-05-20/myanmar-president-thein-sein-makes-historic-visit-white-house

2014: Thailand’s military declares martial law. It will stay in place until peace and order are restored, following months of sometimes deadly anti-government protests
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-army-declares-martial-law-but-says-its-not-a-coup/1918780.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/05/cloneofthailand-army-declares-martial-law-201451-201452017300819831.html

2016: Vietnam releases prominent Catholic priest dissident Nguyen Van Ly ahead of Obama visit
http://www.vietnamtribune.com/index.php/sid/244261471

2016: Taiwan’s Tsai Ing-wen sworn in as first female president
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/05/20/taiwan-inaugurates-first-female-president-amid-warnings-from-chi/
http://www.euronews.com/2016/05/20/taiwan-s-first-female-president-tsai-ing-wen-sworn-in/
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201605200008.aspx

2017: Former Vice President Wu Den-yih (吳敦義) wins the election for chairman of Taiwan’s main opposition party, the Kuomintang (KMT)
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201705200021.aspx

2017: Francisco ‘Lu Olo’ Guterres is formally inaugurated as Timor-Leste’s new president
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2017/05/20/new-president-timor-leste
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/may/20/much-to-be-done-new-president-brings-timor-leste-hope-for-a-better-future
http://sea-globe.com/francisco-lu-olo-guterres/


Holidays and observances

East Timor: Independence Day (independence of East Timor from Indonesia in 2002)

Cambodia: Day of Remembrance (ex National Day of Hatred)

Japan’s culture and history

****

20 APRIL 2019

African samurai: The enduring legacy of a black warrior in feudal Japan

29 APRIL 2019

The life and reign of Emperor Akihito – in pictures

28 APRIL 2019

Centuries ago, women ruled Japan. What changed?

30 MARCH 2019

The Spies of Pearl Harbor: How Japan Struck the U.S. Navy by Surprise

The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, benefited from the firsthand observation of spies on Oahu
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/spies-pearl-harbor-how-japan-struck-us-navy-surprise-49787

25 JANUARY 2019

Rare film footage with sound of-Kyoto from-1929

A popular YouTube channel has uploaded restored newsreel footage of Kyoto from 1929. What makes this film notable is that it features actual sound footage of Japanese city life at that time. Usually, newsreels from that era are silent
https://globalvoices.org/2019/01/14/sound-footage-of-kyoto-japan-from-1929/

20 SEPTEMBER 2018

Museum claims discovery of oldest Nativity scene in Japan

Scholars are debating whether a set of small statues and objects passed down through generations of a Japanese hidden Christian family is the oldest example of a Nativity scene in Japan
http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201809200004.html

23 AUGUST 2018

Japan’s Emperor Hirohito was so overcome with remorse he wanted to die, diary reveals

Hirohito, Japan’s wartime emperor, had given up the will to live towards the end of his life, desperate to avoid the anguish of being blamed for his role in World War II, his aide’s diary has revealed
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/08/23/japans-emperor-hirohito-overcome-remorse-wanted-die-diary-reveals/
https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2161015/no-point-living-diary-reveals-japanese-emperor-hirohitos-anguish

19 MAY 2018

Japanese Director Hirokazu Koreeda’s « Shoplifters » wins the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival

It was Koreeda’s 5th time to be in competition for the Palme d’Or and his first in 3 years. In 2013, his « Like Father, Like Son » won the jury prize
https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20180520/p2g/00m/0et/006000c
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20180520_06/

7 APRIL 2018

Japan’s 114-year-old battleship Mikasa: A relic of another time

The Japanese battleship Mikasa is the only surviving pre-dreadnought battleship in the world. It’s 114 years old and a fascinating look into history. Here’s a full tour
https://www.cnet.com/news/japans-114-year-old-battleship-mikasa-a-relic-of-another-time/

3 JANUARY 2018

Japan’s Endless Search for Modernity

Since the morning of January 3, 1868, Japan has struggled to answer one question: What does it mean to be modern and Japanese?
https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/01/japan-abe-meiji-restoration-china/549536/?utm_source=twb

7 DECEMBER 2017

Celebrity Japanese plastic surgeon who praised Hitler buys pencil-written memoir of Emperor Hirohito for US$275,000

The 173-page document offers the emperor’s recollections of the second world war and was dictated to several of his aides soon after the war ended
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2123255/plastic-surgeon-buys-pencil-written-memoir-japanese-emperor
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/12/07/national/history/cosmetic-surgeon-katsuya-takasu-pays-275000-emperor-hirohito-memoir-ny-auction/#.WimCr0riY2x

5 OCTOBER 2017

Japanese-born Kazuo Ishiguro wins Nobel Prize in Literature

A Japan-born British author has won this year’s Nobel Prize in Literature. Kazuo Ishiguro has received wide acclaim for « The Remains of the Day » and other novels
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20171005_30/
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/oct/05/kazuo-ishiguro-wins-the-nobel-prize-in-literature

5 SEPTEMBER 2017

The wedding that broke centuries of tradition

In 1959, Japan’s Crown Prince Akihito married a non-royal bride

http://www.bbc.com/news/av/magazine-41085238/the-wedding-that-broke-centuries-of-tradition

2 SEPTEMBER 2017

Five Reasons Why Japan Never Attacked the Soviet Union During WWII

Military journalist Alexander Evdokimov explains why Imperial Japan never did end up invading the Soviet Far East during the Great Patriotic War
https://sputniknews.com/world/201709021057027287-japan-soviet-union-world-war-2/

25 AUGUST 2017

The Man Behind the Burma Independence Army

Keiji Suzuki came to Yangon as a correspondent for the Yomiuri Shimbun, but his real mission was to lay the groundwork for the Imperial Japanese forces’ invasion of Myanmar. A Japanese intelligence officer at the rank of colonel, Keiji Suzuki was known as a dynamic officer passionate about his covert operation
https://www.irrawaddy.com/opinion/commentary/man-behind-burma-independence-army.html

15 JANUARY 2017

The Mongol invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281

by Stephen Turnbull (Author), Richard Hook (Illustrator)

The two attempts by Khubilai Khan, the Mongol Emperor of China, to invade Japan in 1274 and 1281 represent unique events in the history of both countries. It pitted the samurai of Japan against the fierce warriors of the steppes who had conquered half the known world
https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1846034566/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=1846034566&linkCode=as2&tag=jalemosbl-20&linkId=972144441d9d5b7b3e3e6913d6629139#reader_B01BY34IP4

 

12 JANUARY 2017

China supported Japanese defense building in 1980s – Declassified files

According to the file, documenting a meeting between Japan’s prime minister Yasuhiro Nakasone and general secretary of China’s Communist Party, Hu Yaobang, in November 1983, Japan planned to build up defense capabilities in line with the country’s constitution, the NHK broadcaster reported
 https://sputniknews.com/asia/201701121049518728-china-japan-1980s-defense-building/
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20170112_27/

26 DECEMBER 2016

Former Japanese prime minister Shigeru Yoshida’s forgotten Pearl Harbour trip

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who will visit Pearl Harbour with President Barack Obama on Tuesday, wasn’t even born when Japan’s former leader Shigeru Yoshida went there just six years after the country’s second world war surrender, by himself and feeling awkward
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2057248/former-japanese-prime-minister-shigeru-yoshidas-forgotten-pearl

15 NOVEMBER 2016

The Last Samurai: The True history behind the film

The Last Samurai is a pretty solid, although underrated film. The action is well done, and the fusion of old and new, as well as the many ideologies throughout the movie are delivered in an interesting and enjoyable fashion
http://www.warhistoryonline.com/instant-articles/true-history-behind-film-last-samurai.html

8 NOVEMBER 2016

Early Japanese animations : The origine of animes (1917-1931)

Anime has a far longer history than you might think; in fact, it was at the vanguard of Japan’s furious attempts to modernize in the early 20th century. The oldest surviving example of Japanese animation, Namakura Gatana (Blunt Sword), dates back to 1917, though much of the earliest animated movies were lost following a massive earthquake in Tokyo in 1923
http://www.openculture.com/2014/06/early-japanese-animations-the-origins-of-anime-1917-1931.html

2 NOVEMBER 2016

Famed Japanese artist Hokusai may be the artist of six paintings hanging in a Dutch museum

A Dutch art historian says he has discovered evidence that six unattributed paintings held in storage in a museum in the Netherlands were actually painted by the famed Japanese artist Katsushika Hokusai
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-11-02/hokusai-paintings-discovered-in-the-netherlands/7989172?section=world

12 MAY 2016

Renowned stage director Yukio Ninagawa dies at 80

Yukio Ninagawa, a world-renowned Japanese stage director known for his adaptations of Shakespeare, died Thursday at a Tokyo hospital, his theater and a family member announced. He was 80.
http://www.theguardian.com/stage/2016/may/12/yukio-ninagawa-shakespeare-dies-aged-80
http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20160512_27/
http://www.japantoday.com/category/entertainment/view/renowned-stage-director-ninagawa-dies-at-80

29 MARCH 2016

 Japonisme: The Japanese Influence on Victorian Fashion

During the mid-19th century, Japan opened trade with the West for the first time in more than 200 years.  The influx of Japanese imports that followed inspired an intense fascination with Japanese art and culture.  This fascination manifested itself in the paintings of Victorian era artists like Alfred Stevens, Vincent van Gogh, James McNeill Whistler, and Claude Monet.  It also had a profound influence on Victorian fashion
https://mimimatthews.com/2016/03/29/japonisme-the-japanese-influence-on-victorian-fashion/

On 20 May in Taiwan history

ON 20 MAY IN TAIWAN HISTORY

Updated on May 20, 2019

1954: Chiang Kai-shek is reelected president of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

1978: Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek, is elected president of the Republic of China (Taiwan), till his death on January 13, 1988
http://www.ee.nthu.edu.tw/~sdyang/BioInfo/Bio_Chiang_CK.htm

1990: In Taiwan, Lee Teng-hui, elected on March 21, is sworn in as the eighth president 
 http://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=4,29,31,45&post=4599
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/5310.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmEVuKivY80

2000: In Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian becomes the first non KMT president

http://www.who2.com/chenshuibian.html
https://sites.duke.edu/niou/files/2011/06/41.pdf

2004: Chen Shui-bian starts his second mandate as president of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

2008: Ma Ying-jeou is sworn in as president of Taiwan
http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2012/05/21/341769/President-Ma.htm

2008-05-20 Ma Ying-jeou

2008: Tsai Ing-wen is elected chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party, the main opposition party in Taiwan

2012: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou is sworn in for second term
https://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=2&post=2402

2016: Taiwan’s Tsai Ing-wen sworn in as first female president
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/05/20/taiwan-inaugurates-first-female-president-amid-warnings-from-chi/
http://www.euronews.com/2016/05/20/taiwan-s-first-female-president-tsai-ing-wen-sworn-in/
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201605200008.aspx http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20160520_23/
http://taiwantoday.tw/mp.asp?mp=9

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 20 May in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 20 MAY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on May 20, 2019

1619: Coen, backed by a force of nineteen ships, storms the Jayakarta driving out the Banten forces, and from the ashes of Jayakarta, establishes Batavia (now Jakarta) as the VOC headquarters
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batavia,_Dutch_East_Indies

1645: The Manchurian Qing army occupies the city of Yangzhou. Chinese general Shi Kefa refuses to summit. Start of a for 10 days long massacre. Hundred thousands of people get killed by the Qing troops
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangzhou_massacre
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shi_Kefa

1784: In a Treaty signed in Paris, Netherlands cedes to Britain the port city of Nagappattinam in India and allows the British free navigation rights in the Duch-held Mollucas

1942: Japan completed the conquest of Burma

1947: Ho Chi Minh and Hoang Minh Giam reject France’s stringent cease-fire conditions7: In USA, 10,000 demonstrate against Vietnam Wa

1969: End of the ten days Battle of Hambuger (Aptia Mountain) one of the bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War (see on May 10) 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-for-hamburger-hill-ends
http://www.thefinertimes.com/Vietnam-War/the-battle-of-hamburger-hill.html

1970: 100,000 march in New York supporting US policy in Vietnam

1982: In the Afghanistan war, first exchange of prisoners closed of the Pakistani border

2002: East-Timor is officially independent from Indonesia


http://newsweekly.com.au/article.php?id=1024

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7aAnLARXdYY

2008: India and Pakistan resume talks
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7409672.stm

2009: Sri Lanka celebrates victory over the Tamil Tigers with a national holiday as the army hunt down fugitive rebels


Holidays and observances

East Timor: Independence Day (independence of East Timor from Indonesia in 2002)

Cambodia: Day of Remembrance (ex National Day of Hatred)

On 20 May in South Asian history

ON 20 MAY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on May 20, 2019

1498: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/vasco-da-gama-reaches-india
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06374a.htm

1498-05-20 Vasco de Gama Calicut

1894: Birth of Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, who died on January 8, 1994
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramacharya
https://rlalitha.wordpress.com/2009/06/09/sri-chandrasekharendra-saraswati-swamigal/

1900: Birth of Sumitranandan Pant, Indian poet who died on December 28, 1977
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/20-may-1900-sumitranandan-pant-indian-poet-was-born

Sumitranandan Pant (1900-1977)

1939: Birth of Balu Mahendra, Sri Lankan-Indian director, cinematographer, and screenwriter who died on February 13, 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balu_Mahendra
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/balu-mahendra/biography.html

1967: Birth of Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist
http://www.fas.org/irp/world/iraq/956-tni.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDPVMgt1JCE

1982: In the Afghanistan war, first exchange of prisoners closed of the Pakistani border

1983: Birth of Jr. NTR, Indian film actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jr._NTR

1992: India launches its first satellite independently

2006: In Dhaka, a series of massive wildcat strikes begin, involving nearly 1.8 million garment workers in Bangladesh
https://libcom.org/news/article.php/bangladesh-garment-revolt-140706

2008: India and Pakistan resume talks
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7409672.stm

2009: Sri Lanka celebrates victory over the Tamil Tigers with a national holiday as the army hunt down fugitive rebels


On 20 May in Southeast Asian history

ON 20 MAY IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on May 20, 2019

1619: Coen, backed by a force of nineteen ships, storms the Jayakarta driving out the Banten forces, and from the ashes of Jayakarta, establishes Batavia (now Jakarta) as the VOC headquarters
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batavia,_Dutch_East_Indies

1784: In a Treaty signed in Paris, Netherlands cedes to Britain the port city of Nagappattinam in India and allows the British free navigation rights in the Duch-held Mollucas

1908: In Netherlands Indies, Foundation of the Boedi Oetomo (Noble Conduct), organization led by Dr Soetomo.  Educational movement which turned to politics
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Budi-Utomo
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/28/boedi-oetomo-birth-a-nation.html

1941: Birth of Goh Chok Tong, former Singaporian Premier and later Senior Minister
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goh_Chok_Tong

1942: Japan completed the conquest of Burma

1946: Birth of Xanana Gusmao, former president of East-Timor (2002-20007) then Prime Minister up to February 2015
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/342145.stm

1947: Ho Chi Minh and Hoang Minh Giam reject France’s stringent cease-fire conditions

1963: Sukarno is reelected president of Indonesia

1967: In USA, 10,000 demonstrate against Vietnam War

1969: End of the ten days Battle of Hambuger (Aptia Mountain) one of the bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War (see on May 10) 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/battle-for-hamburger-hill-ends
http://www.thefinertimes.com/Vietnam-War/the-battle-of-hamburger-hill.html

1970: 100,000 march in New York supporting US policy in Vietnam

1988: Birth of Carla Humphries, Filipina actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carla_Humphries

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-MXdiUPhoo

1992: The king of Thailand ask the Prime minister Suchinda Kraprayoon and opposition leader to put an end to the brutalities in Bangkok


http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-37650466

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8DeXAwhHko

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz5nHpznnnc&feature=related

1993: Xanana Gusmao, leader of the East-Timor separatist insurgency (arrested in 1992) is condemned to life sentence, changed later to 20 years in prison
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanana_Gusm%C3%A3o

1997: US President Clinton signs an executive order 13047 barring new US investment in Burma (Myanmar), effective May 21 and renewable annually
http://www.cato.org/publications/trade-policy-analysis/us-sanctions-against-burma-failure-all-fronts

2002: East-Timor is officially independent from Indonesia


http://newsweekly.com.au/article.php?id=1024

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7aAnLARXdYY

2002: Mari Alkatiri becomes Prime Minister of East Timor up to June 26, 2006

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1989267.stm

2007: In Vietnam, legislative elections. 83 % of the candidates are members of the Vietnam Communist Party. In the final, more than 90 % of the members of the parliament are members of the CPV

2013: Myanmar President Thein Sein has become the first leader of his country to visit the White House in nearly half a century, as Washington offers a strong symbolic gesture to back his reforms
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/may/20/thein-sein-burma-visit-us-obama
https://www.pri.org/stories/2013-05-20/myanmar-president-thein-sein-makes-historic-visit-white-house

2014: Thailand’s military declares martial law. It will stay in place until peace and order are restored, following months of sometimes deadly anti-government protests
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-army-declares-martial-law-but-says-its-not-a-coup/1918780.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/05/cloneofthailand-army-declares-martial-law-201451-201452017300819831.html

2016: Vietnam releases prominent Catholic priest dissident Nguyen Van Ly ahead of Obama visit
http://www.vietnamtribune.com/index.php/sid/244261471

 

Holidays and observances

East Timor: Independence Day (independence of East Timor from Indonesia in 2002)

Cambodia: Day of Remembrance (ex National Day of Hatred)

On 20 May in Japan’s history

ON 20 MAY IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on May 20, 2019

1293: An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Japan, leaving 30,000 killed
http://broom02.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=1293%20Kamakura%20earthquake

1550: Death of Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shogun, born on 21 April 1511
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Ashikaga_Yoshiharu

1942: Japan completed the conquest of Burma

1946: In Japan, formation of Yoshida cabinet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shigeru_Yoshida

1957: Birth of Yoshihiko Noda, Prime Minister of Japan from 2011 to 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoshihiko_Noda

1959: Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship

On 20 May in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 20 MAY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on May 20, 2019

1645: The Manchurian Qing army occupies the city of Yangzhou. Chinese general Shi Kefa refuses to summit. Start of a for 10 days long massacre. Hundred thousands of people get killed by the Qing troops
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangzhou_massacre
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shi_Kefa

1948: Chiang Kai-shek is formally elected President of the Republic of China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_the_Republic_of_China

1950: Birth of Wei Jingsheng, the best known Chinese dissident
http://weijingsheng.org/wei/en.html

1954: Chiang Kai-shek is reelected president of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

1978: Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek, is elected president of the Republic of China (Taiwan), till his death on January 13, 1988
http://www.ee.nthu.edu.tw/~sdyang/BioInfo/Bio_Chiang_CK.htm

1982: Sir Edward Youde takes office as Governor of Hong Kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Youde

1986: In a joint communiqué Lisbon and Beijing announce the beginning of talks on Macao

1989: Chinese Premier Li Peng proclaims the Martial Law in Beijing

1989-05- Li Peng Martial Law

https://www.upi.com/Archives/1989/05/20/China-declares-martial-law/8922611640000/
http://abcnews.go.com/Archives/video/20-1989-china-declares-martial-law-13629321
http://www.tsquare.tv/chronology/MartialLaw.html

 1990: In Taiwan, Lee Teng-hui, elected on March 21, is sworn in as the eighth president 
 http://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=4,29,31,45&post=4599
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/5310.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmEVuKivY80

2000: In Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian becomes the first non KMT president

http://www.who2.com/chenshuibian.html
https://sites.duke.edu/niou/files/2011/06/41.pdf

2004: Chen Shui-bian starts his second mandate as president of the Republic of China (Taiwan)

2008: Ma Ying-jeou is sworn in as president of Taiwan
http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/national/national-news/2012/05/21/341769/President-Ma.htm

2008-05-20 Ma Ying-jeou

2008: Tsai Ing-wen is elected chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party, the main opposition party in Taiwan

2012: Taiwan’s President Ma Ying-jeou is sworn in for second term
https://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=2&post=2402

2016: Taiwan’s Tsai Ing-wen sworn in as first female president
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/05/20/taiwan-inaugurates-first-female-president-amid-warnings-from-chi/
http://www.euronews.com/2016/05/20/taiwan-s-first-female-president-tsai-ing-wen-sworn-in/
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201605200008.aspx http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20160520_23/
http://taiwantoday.tw/mp.asp?mp=9