Daily Archives: 28 avril 2019

On 28 April in Asian history

ON 28 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 28, 2019

1253: Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism
http://buddhism.about.com/od/nichirenbuddhism/a/nichiren.htm
http://www.sgi.org/buddhism/life-of-nichiren.html

1545: Birth of Yi Sun-sin, Korean admiral and national hero, who died in a fight on December 16, 1598
http://yisunsin.prkorea.com/inspire.htm
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/southkorea/fl/Admiral-Yi-Sun-Shin.htm?nl=1

1611: Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the oldest existing university in Asia and the largest Catholic university in the world
http://www.ust.edu.ph/the-university/history/

1687: The English East India Company forwards a claim against Siam in the amount of 65,000 £ for damage suffered during the conflict between ships under Thai flag and Golconda, the possessions of the company along the Indian Coromandel Coast. Because of this the King of Ayutthaya orders all Englishmen connected to the company to leave the territory at once

1740: Death of Bajirao I, general of the Maratha Empire in India. He served as Peshwa (Prime Minister) to the fourth Maratha Chhatrapati (king) Shahu, born on August 18, 1700
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bajirao_I
http://www.rediff.com/news/column/why-bajirao-is-indias-greatest-cavalry-general/20151223.htm
http://www.indiatvnews.com/news/india/mastani-grave-pabel-village-visited-by-hindus-and-muslims-55996.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAXdSJuvyMA

1869: Chinese and Irish laborers for the Central Pacific Railroad working on the First Transcontinental Railroad lay 10 miles of track in one day, a feat which has never been matched

1896: Birth of Na Hye-sok, South Korean journalist, poet, and painter who died onDecember 10, 1948
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Na_Hye-sok
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2015/12/633_178396.html

Na Hye-seok Incheon

1897: Birth of Ye Jianying Chinese general and politician who died 22 October 1986
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/yejianying.shtml
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/4311.html

1904: Sisavang Vong, born on 14 July 1885, is enthroned king of Luang Prabang up to his death on 29 October 1959
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sisavang_Vong

1927: Li Dazhao, a Chinese communist party leader is executed on the order of warlord Zhang Zuolin
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Dazhao
http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/li-dazhao/

1927-06-28 Li Dazhao exécuté

1927: Birth of Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director who died on 14 April 2001
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroshi_Teshigahara
http://vimeo.com/30815509

1949: Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1406/today-in-philippine-history-april-28-1949-mrs-aurora-quezon-was-murdered-by-the-hukbalahaps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora_Quezon

1950: In Thailand, wedding of Bhumipol Adulyadej (Rama IX) with Queen Sirikit

1952: The San Francisco Peace Treaty, signed on 8 September 1951, enters in force, marking the end of the US occupation of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupied_Japan
http://www.jpri.org/publications/workingpapers/wp78.html
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Japanese_History/The_American_Occupation_of_Japan

1952: Signature at Taipei of a Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Japan, which will enter into force on 5 August 1952
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/taipei01.htm
https://www.pressenza.com/2017/03/peace-china-japan-three-chinese-revolutions/

1954: Birth of Vic Sotto, Filipino actor, comedian, and producer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vic_Sotto

1954: Meeting at Colombo of the Prime Ministers of India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Indonesia for considering an Asian neutralist front and is the origin of the 1955 Bandung conference

1956 Last French troop leave Vietnam

1958: Mao Zedong decides to launch The Hundred Flowers Campaign, also termed the Hundred Flowers Movement during which the Communist Party of China (CPC) encouraged its citizens to openly express their opinions of the communist regime. Mao will publicly speak on May 2
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Flowers_Campaign
http://academic.mu.edu/meissnerd/storino.html

1959: Death of Ki Hajar Dewantoro founder of the Toman Siswa Organization to promote national education for Indonesian, born on May 2, 1889
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ki_Hajar_Dewantara

1960: In South Korea, Huh Chung becomes acting prime minister

1964: Birth of  Noriyuki Iwadare, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noriyuki_Iwadare
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xd1et8_noriyuki-iwadare-vous-dit-bonjour_videogames

1970: US President Richard Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-approves-cambodian-incursion

1971: Birth of Nikhil Advani, Hindi film director and screenwriter
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikhil_Advani
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0012541/

1975: General Duong Van Minh take the charge of president of South Vietnam for surrender to the Vietcong
http://soreze.online.fr/duongvanm.htm
http://articles.latimes.com/2001/aug/08/local/me-31712

1975: General Cao Văn Viên, chief of the South Vietnamese military, departs for the US as the North Vietnamese Army closed in on victory
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cao_V%C4%83n_Vi%C3%AAn
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/02/AR2009010200923.html

Cao Van Vien

1978: Afghanistan’s president Mohammed Daoud Khan, thrown up by communists the day before, is killed
http://www.historyinanhour.com/2012/07/18/mohammed-daoud-khan-summary/
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/18/world/asia/18afghan.html?_r=0

1979: Birth of Sharman Joshi, Indian actor
http://www.koimoi.com/actor/sharman-joshi/
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/sharman-joshi/biography.html

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=06SmTcE3RKU

1984: Deng Xiaoping, Chairman of the Advisory Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, meets U.S. President Ronald Reagan in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/4375.html
http://www.csmonitor.com/1984/0430/043022.html

1984-04-28 Deng-Reagan in Beijing

1985: Death of Chinese writer Zhang Tianyi, born on September 26, 1906
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Tianyi_(writer)
https://easternlit.wordpress.com/2013/10/23/zhang-tianyi-mid-autumn-festival/

Zhang Tianyi

1986: Birth of Jenna Ushkowitz, South Korean-American actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenna_Ushkowitz

1989: Birth of Kim Sung-kyu, South Korean singer and dancer, leader and main vocalist of Infinite band
http://asianwiki.com/Kim_Sung-Gyu

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JgoHQJQ1ORY

1992: In Afghanistan, led by Commandant Massoud, the Mujahideen take Kabul
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/122.htm
https://pro.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3=SearchResult&STID=2S5RYDW1M7V5

1994: Tsutomu Hata becomes Premier of Japan. His coalition government is the first minority party government in Japan in four decades (Up to June 30, 1994)
http://articles.latimes.com/1994-04-29/news/mn-51928_1_hata-cabinet
http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/cabinet/80_e.html

1995: Chen Xitong, secretary of the Beijing communist party committee, is the first member of the Party Politburo to be dismissed for corruption
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/143163.stm

1996: Death of Siti Hartinah Suharto, wife of Indonesian President Suharto, at 72
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siti_Hartinah

2004: Groups of young, armed with machetes, attack police posts in the Muslim southern part of Thailand aiming to seize weapons. Police, informed, kill 106 of them

2004-04-28 Attaque Sud

2006: In Nepal, Koirala is again appointed prime minister

2010: Thai troops and a convoy of hundreds of red-shirt protesters clash on the outskirts of Bangkok. One soldier has died, reportedly from a shot fired by a member of the security forces, and at least 10 people have been injured
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8648109.stm

2010: French president Sarkozy and Hu Jintao bury hatchet in Beijing talks. Sarkozy stresses Iran sanctions
http://www.france24.com/en/20100428-china-france-sarkozy-hu-tibet-beijing-talks-nuclear-trade
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/04/2010428151451294682.html

2011: China’s population has increased to 1.34 billion. Census data gathered in 2010 and released today showed the population in the world’s second biggest economy grew by 5.84 percent from the 1.27 billion in the last census in 2000
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2011/04/201142852019929352.html

2014: Death of Indonesian virtuoso violinist Idris Sardi leaving a legacy of important compositions and notable protégés. He was 75
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/04/29/obituary-renowned-violinist-idris-sardi-dies-75.html

2014: President Barack Obama says he had no desire to contain or counter China despite clinching a defence pact with the Philippines which will inject US forces close to the volatile South China Sea
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27183976
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/103033/no-firm-commitment-from-us-to-defend-ph

2016: China warns Southeast Asia over maritime dispute, maintaining that the dispute should be resolved between individual claimant countries instead of through ASEAN body

 

Holidays and observances

Mujahideen Victory Day (Afghanistan)

Japan: Restoration of Sovereignty Day

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 28 April in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 28 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on April 28, 2019

1952: The San Francisco Peace Treaty, signed on 8 September 1951, enters in force, marking the end of the US occupation of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupied_Japan
http://www.jpri.org/publications/workingpapers/wp78.html
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Japanese_History/The_American_Occupation_of_Japan

1952: Signature at Taipei of a Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Japan, which will enter into force on 5 August 1952
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/taipei01.htm
https://www.pressenza.com/2017/03/peace-china-japan-three-chinese-révolutions/

1954: Meeting at Colombo of the Prime Ministers of India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Indonesia for considering an Asian neutralist front and is the origin of the 1955 Bandung conference

1970: US President Richard Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-approves-cambodian-incursion

1975: General Duong Van Minh take the charge of president of South Vietnam for surrender to the Vietcong
http://soreze.online.fr/duongvanm.htm
http://articles.latimes.com/2001/aug/08/local/me-31712

1975: General Cao Văn Viên, chief of the South Vietnamese military, departs for the US as the North Vietnamese Army closed in on victory
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cao_V%C4%83n_Vi%C3%AAn
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/02/AR2009010200923.html

Cao Van Vien

1978: Afghanistan’s president Mohammed Daoud Khan, thrown up by communists the day before, is killed
http://www.historyinanhour.com/2012/07/18/mohammed-daoud-khan-summary/
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/18/world/asia/18afghan.html?_r=0

1984: Deng Xiaoping, Chairman of the Advisory Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, meets U.S. President Ronald Reagan in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing

1984-04-28 Deng-Reagan in Beijing

1992: In Afghanistan, led by Commandant Massoud, the Mujahideen take Kabul
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/122.htm
https://pro.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3=SearchResult&STID=2S5RYDW1M7V5

2014: President Barack Obama says he had no desire to contain or counter China despite clinching a defence pact with the Philippines which will inject US forces close to the volatile South China Sea
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asia/407024/obama-seeks-to-soothe-china-while-boosting-ties-with-philippines
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27183976
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/103033/no-firm-commitment-from-us-to-defend-ph

2016: China warns Southeast Asia over maritime dispute, maintaining that the dispute should be resolved between individual claimant countries instead of through ASEAN body

 

Holidays and observances

Mujahideen Victory Day (Afghanistan)

Japan: Restoration of Sovereignty Day

On 28 April in South Asian history

ON 28 APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 28, 2019

1740: Death of Bajirao I, general of the Maratha Empire in India. He served as Peshwa (Prime Minister) to the fourth Maratha Chhatrapati (king) Shahu, born on August 18, 1700
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bajirao_I
http://www.rediff.com/news/column/why-bajirao-is-indias-greatest-cavalry-general/20151223.htm
http://www.indiatvnews.com/news/india/mastani-grave-pabel-village-visited-by-hindus-and-muslims-55996.html

1954: Meeting at Colombo of the Prime Ministers of India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Indonesia for considering an Asian neutralist front and is the origin of the 1955 Bandung conference

1971: Birth of Nikhil Advani, Hindi film director and screenwriter
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikhil_Advani
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0012541/

1978: Afghanistan’s president Mohammed Daoud Khan, thrown up by communists the day before, is killed
http://www.historyinanhour.com/2012/07/18/mohammed-daoud-khan-summary/
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/18/world/asia/18afghan.html?_r=0

1979: Birth of Sharman Joshi, Indian actor
http://www.koimoi.com/actor/sharman-joshi/
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/sharman-joshi/biography.html

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=06SmTcE3RKU

1992: In Afghanistan, led by Commandant Massoud, the Mujahideen take Kabul
http://countrystudies.us/afghanistan/122.htm
https://pro.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3=SearchResult&STID=2S5RYDW1M7V5

2006: In Nepal, Koirala is again appointed prime minister

 

Holidays and observances

Mujahideen Victory Day (Afghanistan)

On 28 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 28 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 28, 2019

1611: Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the oldest existing university in Asia and the largest Catholic university in the world
http://www.ust.edu.ph/the-university/history/

1687: The English East India Company forwards a claim against Siam in the amount of 65,000 £ for damage suffered during the conflict between ships under Thai flag and Golconda, the possessions of the company along the Indian Coromandel Coast. Because of this the King of Ayutthaya orders all Englishmen connected to the company to leave the territory at once

1904: Sisavang Vong, born on 14 July 1885, is enthroned king of Luang Prabang up to his death on 29 October 1959
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sisavang_Vong

1949: Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1406/today-in-philippine-history-april-28-1949-mrs-aurora-quezon-was-murdered-by-the-hukbalahaps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora_Quezon

1950: In Thailand, wedding of Bhumipol Adulyadej (Rama IX) with Queen Sirikit

1954: Birth of Vic Sotto, Filipino actor, comedian, and producer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vic_Sotto

1959: Death of Ki Hajar Dewantoro founder of the Toman Siswa Organization to promote national education for Indonesian, born on May 2, 1889
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ki_Hajar_Dewantara

1970: US President Richard Nixon formally authorizes American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-approves-cambodian-incursion

1975: General Duong Van Minh take the charge of president of South Vietnam for surrender to the Vietcong
http://soreze.online.fr/duongvanm.htm
http://articles.latimes.com/2001/aug/08/local/me-31712

1975: General Cao Văn Viên, chief of the South Vietnamese military, departs for the US as the North Vietnamese Army closed in on victory
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cao_V%C4%83n_Vi%C3%AAn
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/02/AR2009010200923.html

Cao Van Vien

1996: Death of Siti Hartinah Suharto, wife of Indonesian President Suharto, at 72
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siti_Hartinah

2004: Groups of young, armed with machetes, attack police posts in the Muslim southern part of Thailand aiming to seize weapons. Police, informed, kill 106 of them

2004-04-28 Attaque Sud

2010: Thai troops and a convoy of hundreds of red-shirt protesters clash on the outskirts of Bangkok. One soldier has died, reportedly from a shot fired by a member of the security forces, and at least 10 people have been injured
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8648109.stm

2014: Death of Indonesian virtuoso violinist Idris Sardi, leaving a legacy of important compositions and notable protégés. He was 75
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/04/29/obituary-renowned-violinist-idris-sardi-dies-75.html

2014: President Barack Obama says he had no desire to contain or counter China despite clinching a defence pact with the Philippines which will inject US forces close to the volatile South China Sea
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27183976
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/103033/no-firm-commitment-from-us-to-defend-ph

2016: China warns Southeast Asia over maritime dispute, maintaining that the dispute should be resolved between individual claimant countries instead of through ASEAN body

On 28 April in Japan’s history

ON 28 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on April 28, 2019

1253: Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism
http://buddhism.about.com/od/nichirenbuddhism/a/nichiren.htm
http://www.sgi.org/buddhism/life-of-nichiren.html

1927: Birth of Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director who died on 14 April 2001
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroshi_Teshigahara
http://vimeo.com/30815509

1952: The San Francisco Peace Treaty, signed on 8 September 1951, enters in force, marking the end of the US occupation of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupied_Japan
http://www.jpri.org/publications/workingpapers/wp78.html
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Japanese_History/The_American_Occupation_of_Japan

1952: Signature at Taipei of a Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Japan, which will enter into force on 5 August 1952
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/taipei01.htm
https://www.pressenza.com/2017/03/peace-china-japan-three-chinese-révolutions/

1964: Birth of  Noriyuki Iwadare, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noriyuki_Iwadare
http://iwadare.cocoebiz.com/?display=site_directory&directory=16
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xd1et8_noriyuki-iwadare-vous-dit-bonjour_videogames

1994: Tsutomu Hata becomes Premier of Japan. His coalition government is the first minority party government in Japan in four décades, up to June 30, 1994
http://articles.latimes.com/1994-04-29/news/mn-51928_1_hata-cabinet
http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/cabinet/80_e.html

 

Holidays and observances

Japan: Restoration of Sovereignty Day

On 28 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 28 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 28, 2019

1869: Chinese and Irish laborers for the Central Pacific Railroad working on the First Transcontinental Railroad lay 10 miles of track in one day, a feat which has never been matched

1897: Birth of Ye Jianying Chinese general and politician who died 22 October 1986
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/yejianying.shtml

1927: Li Dazhao, a Chinese communist party leader is executed on the order of warlord Zhang Zuolin
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Dazhao
http://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/li-dazhao/

1927-06-28 Li Dazhao exécuté

1952: Signature at Taipei of a Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Japan, which will enter into force on 5 August 1952
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/taipei01.htm
https://www.pressenza.com/2017/03/peace-china-japan-three-chinese-revolutions/

1958: Mao Zedong decides to launch The Hundred Flowers Campaign, also termed the Hundred Flowers Movement during which the Communist Party of China (CPC) encouraged its citizens to openly express their opinions of the communist regime. Mao will publicly speak on May 2
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Flowers_Campaign
http://academic.mu.edu/meissnerd/storino.html

1984: Deng Xiaoping, Chairman of the Advisory Committee of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, meets U.S. President Ronald Reagan in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/4375.html
http://www.csmonitor.com/1984/0430/043022.html

1984-04-28 Deng-Reagan in Beijing

1985: Death of Chinese writer Zhang Tianyi, born on September 26, 1906
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Tianyi_(writer)
https://easternlit.wordpress.com/2013/10/23/zhang-tianyi-mid-autumn-festival/

Zhang Tianyi

1995: Chen Xitong, secretary of the Beijing communist party committee, is the first member of the Party Politburo to be dismissed for corruption
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/143163.stm

2010: French president Sarkozy and Hu Jintao bury hatchet in Beijing talks. Sarkozy stresses Iran sanctions
http://www.france24.com/en/20100428-china-france-sarkozy-hu-tibet-beijing-talks-nuclear-trade
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/04/2010428151451294682.html

2011: China’s population has increased to 1.34 billion. Census data gathered in 2010 and released today showed the population in the world’s second biggest economy grew by 5.84 percent from the 1.27 billion in the last census in 2000
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2011/04/201142852019929352.html

2014: President Barack Obama says he had no desire to contain or counter China despite clinching a defence pact with the Philippines which will inject US forces close to the volatile South China Sea
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27183976
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/103033/no-firm-commitment-from-us-to-defend-ph