Daily Archives: 11 avril 2019

On 11 April in Asian history

ON 11 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 11, 2019

999: Birth of Bao Zheng, Northern Song official renowned for his honesty, today metaphor for an honest politician, who died on May 20, 1062
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bao_Zheng

1241: Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Mohi (or Muhi)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mohi

1827: Birth of Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, Indian social reformer who died on November 28 1890
http://www.culturalindia.net/reformers/jyotiba-phule.html
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/jyotiba-phule-5338.php

1868: The shogunate system is abolished in Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shogunate
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokugawa_Yoshinobu

1869: Birth of Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi, who died on February 22, 1944
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/kasturba-gandhi.html

1887: Birth of Jamini Roy, Indian/Bengali painter who died on April 24, 1972
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/jamini-roy.html
https://www.google.fr/search?q=jamini+roy+paintings&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiF8dmaurDaAhVTOMAKHXWCBY8Q_AUoAXoECAAQAw&biw=1280&bih=603

Jamini Roy

1899 : By virtue of the December 10, 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain cedes the Philippines to the US
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/mkinly3.htm

1904: Birth of Kundan Lal Saigal, Indian singer and actor who died on January 18, 1947
http://chandrakantha.com/biodata/KL_Saigal.html

1919: Foundation, in Shanghai, of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea then occupied by Japan
http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=3061693
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Government_of_the_Republic_of_Korea
http://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/Government_in_exile_of_Korea_(Twilight_of_a_New_Era)

1919-04-13 Gvt de Shanghai

 

1931: Birth of Koichi Sugiyama, Japanese composer
http://www.vgmonline.net/koichisugiyama/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tXa8oKJBi4I

1945: The US troops finish the capture of Tsugen Shima, near Okinawa (Japan)

1951: General Douglas MacArthur is relieved by President Harry S. Truman of overall command in Korea and replaced by General Ridgway
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/newsid_3708000/3708197.stm
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0411.html#article
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/truman-relieves-macarthur-of-duties-in-korea

1951: Birth of Rohini Hattangadi, Indian film, theatre and television actress
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/rohini-hattangadi/biography.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/11-april-1951-rohini-hattangadi-indian-film-theatre-and-television-actress-was-born

1952: Beginning of the Battle of Nanri island between Kuomintang and PRC forces, won by the nationalists on 15 April
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanri_island

1953: In Korea, signature of an agreement on repatriation of prisoners of war
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/55796477

1955: An Indian plane explodes near Indonesia in a Taiwanese attempt to kill Chinese premier Zhou Enlai, en route to Bandung conference
http://www.chinauncensored.com/index.php/most-censored/659-secret-behind-the-explosion-of-the-aircraft-kashmir-princess
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/4037.html

1957: End of the Singapore Constitutional Conference. Britain agrees to Singapore self-rule
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/newsid_2828000/2828903.stm

1962: Death of Ukichiro Nakaya, Japanese physicist, born on July 4, 1900
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukichiro_Nakaya

1968: North Vietnam proposes Varsaw for meeting point with US representatives. Washington refuses and proposes a list of 18 cities, all refused by Hanoi

1969: Birth of Chisato Moritaka, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chisato_Moritaka

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PyeFDMBw640

1977: Death of Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’, Indian author, born on March 4, 1921
http://www.kalpana.it/eng/writer/indian_writers/phanishwarnath_renu.htm

1983: Second series of indirect talks in Geneva on Afghanistan. Failure, due to the question of the Afghan refugees in Pakistan

1983: Death of Ahmed Rushi, Pakistani singer, born on April 24, 1934
http://www.dawn.com/news/709618/remembering-a-legend-ahmed-rushdi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Rushdi

1997: In India, Congress Party (I) removes its support with no participation to the government of Deve Gowda of Janata who loses his majority in parliament
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/H_D_Deve_Gowda.aspx

1997: Hong Kong HMS Tamar British naval base, the last one in Asia, is closed


http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9704/11/hong.kong/
http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/HMS_Tamar.htm#.VSfy3e_GNMs

2001: Release of the 24 crewmembers of a U.S. surveillance plane. The EP-3E U.S. Navy crew had made an emergency landing on 1st April after an in-flight collision with a Chinese fighter jet. The Chinese pilot was missing and presumed dead
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30946.pdf

2004: Death of General Sein Lwin, the “butcher of Rangoon” who was the 6th president of the Union of Burma during 17 days in 1988, born in 1923
http://www2.irrawaddy.org/opinion_story.php?art_id=3825

2007: In Bangladesh, murder charges are filed against Sheikh Hasina, alleging she masterminded the killing of four supporters of a rival party in October 2006

2007: Kim Yong-il is appointed Prime Minister of North Korea replacing Pak Pong-ju who has been dismissed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Yong-il
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Pak_Pong-ju

2008: In China, Chen Liangyu, the former Shanghai Communist Party boss is sentenced to 18 years in jail for corruption
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/12/world/asia/12shanghai.html

2008: Japan extends economic sanction on North Korea for another six months, citing the lack of a breakthrough over Pyongyang nuclear programs and its past abductions of Japanese citizens

2009: Death of Vishnu Prabhakar, Indian author and playwright, born on June 21, 1912
http://www.topnews.in/noted-writer-vishnu-prabhakar-passes-away-2150550
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vishnu_Prabhakar

2009: A summit of Asean leaders in Thailand is cancelled after anti-government protesters broke into the venue in the resort of Pattaya
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7994465.stm
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/12/world/asia/12thai.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yy8_U0EfQ2E

2011: Japan upgrades its nuclear emergency to a maximum seven on an international scale of atomic crises, the first time the highest ranking has been invoked since the Chernobyl disaster in 1986
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110412-fukushima-crisis-worst-nuclear-disaster-chernobyl


2012: Kim Jong Un named first secretary of the Workers’Party of North Korea
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/world_now/2012/04/kim-jong-un-named-to-new-post-as-launch-looms.html

2012: In South Korea, the conservative New Frontier Party (NFP) wins 152 seats in the 300-seat National Assembly, 25 more than the opposition Democratic United Party (DUP), which was tipped to score an easy victory in earlier opinion polls
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/04/201241123555633872.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korean_legislative_election,_2012

2014: Death of Nandu Bhende, Indian singer and actor, born in 1955
http://www.mid-day.com/articles/the-rockstar-a-tribute-to-mumbais-rock-legend-nandu-bhendu/15224095

2015: Jamaat-e-Islami henchman Mohammad Kamaruzzaman is hanged for his atrocities that were ‘worse than the Nazis’ to stop the dawn breaking on Bangladesh in 1971
http://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2015/04/11/bangladesh-hangs-islamist-leader-kamaruzzaman-for-war-crimes-worse-than-nazis
http://www.thedailystar.net/frontpage/profile-kamaruzzaman-76902
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32263541

2016: US Secretary of State John Kerry pays a historic visit to the Hiroshima memorial located on the site where American planes launched the world’s first nuclear attack. The blast and the radiation that resulted killed some 140,000 people
http://www.euronews.com/2016/04/11/john-kerry-lays-flowers-at-hiroshima-memorial/

Korean culture and history

11 APRIL 2019

Korea’s Shanghai gov’t was born 100 years ago

This year marks the centennial anniversary of the establishment of Korea’s provisional government in Shanghai on April 11, 1919, following the March 1 Independence Movement, the peaceful, nationwide demonstrations which proclaimed the country’s independence from Japanese colonial rule. The provisional government of the Republic of Korea, established as a democratic republic, lasted until Korea’s liberation after World War II. In a three-part series, the Korea JoongAng Daily will reflect through the eyes of scholars 100 years later and the media of the time on the significance of the provisional government in shaping a modern Korea
http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=3061693

6 APRIL 2019

Battle for Seoul: How MacArthur Fought Back In a Bloody Battle During the Korean War

Following the American landing at Inchon in September 1950, General Douglas MacArthur’s X Corps in Seoul confronted Communist forces
https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/battle-seoul-how-macarthur-fought-back-bloody-battle-during-korean-war-50992

5 MARCH 2019

Emperor Gojong’s death leads to independence movement
 
On Jan. 21, 1919, a cold Tuesday morning, rumors spread quickly through the streets of Seoul that ex-Emperor Gojong had died at dawn. His death came as a complete surprise because he had been in relatively good health. Many did not believe it was true and there were conflicting reports
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2019/03/177_264808.html

23 FEBRUARY 2019

North Korea’s forgotten fighters in Vietnam

Pyongyang sent about 80 fighter pilots to support North Vietnam during the war between 1966 and 1969, when American bombers were pounding the north as part of the Rolling Thunder campaign
http://sea-globe.com/north-koreas-forgotten-fighters-in-vietnam/

4 NOVEMBER 2018

Godfather of Korean film Shin Sung-il dies of lung cancer

Widely regarded as the « godfather » of Korea film, he was considered a legendary figure in the Korean film industry as he witnessed the rise of the industry and played a key role in it. He also served as a national legislator in the early 2000s, in his efforts to support the Korean movie industry
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/art/2018/11/689_258135.html
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20181104000038

18 AUGUST 2018

Non-Korean fought for Korean independence

Korea’s Gwangbokjeol Liberation Day (광복절) on Aug. 15 can be literally translated as « the day we won back the light. » It is a very meaningful day for Koreans everywhere, as it’s the day that the country had its sovereign power restored, which imperial Japan had taken away in 1910
http://www.korea.net/NewsFocus/History/view?articleId=162373

9 AUGUST 2018

The Long Road to the Korean War Armistice

Russian warship Dmitrii Donskoi, sunk in 1905, found off South Korean island with ‘$180 billion worth of gold’ onboard

A salvage company has located the remains of a Russian warship lost during the the Russo-Japanese War. The battle-damaged cruiser Dmitrii Donskoi was scuttled off the coast of Korea in 1905, reportedly carrying a cargo of gold worth an estimated $130 billion in today’s dollars. An international consortium of companies plans to salvage the gold
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-07-19/russian-treasure-ship-found-off-south-korean-island/10015370
https://edition.cnn.com/2018/07/19/asia/south-korea-sunken-ship-intl/index.html
http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2018/07/281_252512.html

 

 

Philippines foreign policy and security

11 APRIL 2019

Philippine, US troops train for invasion scenario on island adjacent to South China Sea

Philippine and US troops on Wednesday (Apr 10) conducted their first joint airfield seizure drill on an island adjacent to the South China Sea, aimed at helping the Southeast Asian country deal with any potential island invasion
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/philippines-united-states-defence-troops-training-exercise-drill-11435390
https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1105986/watch-ph-us-forces-hold-amphibious-drills-near-disputed-sea

8 APRIL 2019

Russian warships arrive in the Philippines amid rising South China Sea tensions

The destroyers Admiral Tributs and Vinogradov — classified as « large, anti-submarine ships » — docked in Manila early Monday, along with the Admiral Irkut, a « large sea tanker
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/08/asia/russia-philippines-south-china-sea-intl/index.html

United States will be the Philippines’ only military ally, foreign chief Teodoro Locsin says amid South China Sea tensions

The United States will remain the Philippines’ only military ally, Foreign Affairs Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jnr said, amid an increased Chinese presence near a disputed island in the South China Sea
https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/3005271/united-states-will-be-philippines-only-military-ally

5 APRIL 2019

South China Sea: Duterte warns Beijing of ‘suicide missions’ to protect disputed island

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has warned Beijing to back off from a disputed island in the South China Sea, warning of “suicide missions” if China touches it
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/05/asia/south-china-sea-duterte-beijing-intl/index.html
https://www.manilatimes.net/back-off-pag-asa-island/536113/
https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geopolitics/article/3004904/philippines-mulls-bringing-south-china-sea-dispute-un-hague

1 APRIL 2019

Philippines Protests Over Chinese Vessels in Disputed Waters

The Philippines has filed a diplomatic protest over the presence of more than 200 Chinese boats near an island occupied by Manila in the disputed South China Sea, the president’s spokesman said on April 1
https://www.theepochtimes.com/philippines-protests-over-chinese-vessels-in-disputed-waters_2861619.html
https://www.bangkokpost.com/news/world/1654796/philippines-protests-swarming-of-chinese-boats-near-island

21 MARCH 2019

Two former Philippine ministers file case in ICC against China’s island-building in South China Sea

Two former Philippine government officials have filed a case before the International Criminal Court (ICC) holding China’s President Xi Jinping accountable for a massive island-building push in the South China Sea which they charged has led to « the most massive, near permanent and devastating destruction of the environment in humanity’s history »
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/two-former-philippine-ministers-file-case-in-icc-against-chinas-island-building-in
https://www.rappler.com/nation/226315-ex-philippine-officials-bring-xi-jinping-international-criminal-court
https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/nation/688787/duterte-icc-suit-vs-xi-won-t-affect-phl-china-relations/story/
https://www.philstar.com/happens/75

6 MARCH 2019

Philippine Defense Chief Calls for Review of Defense Treaty with US

The Philippines should review an outdated defense treaty with the United States and avoid unnecessarily being dragged to war in case of conflict between Washington and China over the South China Sea, Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana said
https://www.benarnews.org/english/news/philippine/ph-us-treaty-03052019123519.html
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/03/05/asia/philippines-defense-treaty-china-us-intl/index.html

31 JANVIER 2019

China eyes a strategic port in the Philippines

A sudden and unexpected bankruptcy has provided China with a unique opportunity to win control of a Philippine port facility at Subic, the former site of US military bases that were closed in 1991 amid a surge of anti-American nationalism at the end of the Cold War
http://www.atimes.com/article/china-eyes-a-strategic-port-in-the-philippines/?utm_source=The+Daily+Report&utm_campaign=dd58012854-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_01_30_12_43&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_1f8bca137f-dd58012854-31591405

12 DECEMBER 2018

Philippine Congress Extends Martial Law in Mindanao Region

Philippine legislators approved an extension of President Rodrigo Duterte’s martial law for one more year in the southern Mindanao region Wednesday, following claims from security officials that militants linked to Islamic State continued to pose threats
https://www.benarnews.org/english/news/philippine/philippines-militants-12122018095159.html
https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/12/13/1876666/congress-oks-1-more-year-martial-law

27 NOVEMBER 2018

Xi-Duterte deals stir a furor in the Philippines

Chinese President and Philippine leader entered 29 new agreements that opposition critics claim lack transparency and could undermine sovereign interests in the South China Sea
http://www.atimes.com/article/hold-xi-duterte-deals-stir-a-furor-in-the-philippines/?utm_source=The+Daily+Report&utm_campaign=a73d2337f4-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_11_27_02_43&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_1f8bca137f-a73d2337f4-31591405

21 NOVEMBER 2018

What Xi did and didn’t give Duterte

Chinese leader Xi Jinping’s visit to the Philippines heralded a new ‘strategic partnership’ but failed to deliver vowed billions of dollars of aid and investment
http://www.atimes.com/article/what-xi-did-and-didnt-give-duterte/?utm_source=The+Daily+Report&utm_campaign=a529d5a25b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_11_21_01_12&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_1f8bca137f-a529d5a25b-31591405

20 NOVEMBER 2018

China and Philippines sign oil and gas exploration deal as Xi Jinping meets Rodrigo Duterte
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/2174213/china-philippines-sign-oil-and-gas-exploration-deal-xi-jinping
https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/11/21/1870458/philippines-china-sign-mou-joint-gas-oil-developement
https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Belt-and-Road/China-stages-comeback-in-Philippine-telecoms-and-rail-sectors

3 SEPTEMBER 2018

Netanyahu warmly welcomes Philippines’ Duterte to Israel

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu extended a warm welcome to Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday at the start of an official visit, despite being criticized for embracing a leader accused of human rights abuses in his deadly drug crackdown
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/09/03/netanyahu-warmly-welcomes-philippines-duterte-to-israel.html
https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/diplomacy/article/2162585/netanyahu-warmly-welcomes-philippines-duterte-israel
https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/09/03/1848356/israeli-newspaper-calls-duterte-unwanted-guest-editorial

31 AUGUST 2018

Philippines informs China of grounded frigate amid sea feud

The Philippines notified China about a Philippine navy frigate that ran aground in the South China Sea to avoid any misunderstanding because the incident happened near a hotly disputed region, three Philippine officials said Friday
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/08/31/philippines-informs-china-grounded-frigate-amid-sea-feud.html
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/military/article/2162298/beijing-sends-coastguard-vessels-after-philippine-warship-runs
https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/08/31/1847516/palace-dismisses-possible-chinese-interference-grounded-navy-ship

15 AUGUST 2018

US hands over sophisticated military gear to Philippines

The United States has handed over sophisticated, aircraft-borne electronic equipment to the Philippines, which will allow its armed forces to monitor the country’s maritime domain from as far as 200 kilometres away
https://gulfnews.com/news/asia/philippines/us-hands-over-sophisticated-military-gear-to-philippines-1.2266583

5 JUNE 2018

Philippines, South Korea sign 4 agreements to boost relations

South Korea has offered the Philippines $1 billion in official development assistance to help finance President Rodrigo Duterte’s “Build, Build, Build” infrastructure program
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/167509/ph-south-korea-sign-4-agreements-boost-relations
http://www.arirang.co.kr/News/News_View.asp?nseq=218371

29 MAY 2018

Philippines, China draw ‘red lines’ in South China Sea dispute

Both the Philippines and China have identified actions that would be deemed unacceptable in the South China Sea, the Philippines’ top diplomat said Monday
https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/05/29/1819745/philippines-china-draw-red-lines-south-china-sea-dispute#rb27AMRaDLYV5kox.99
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2148204/philippines-rodrigo-duterte-will-go-war-china-if-it

2 MAY 2018

Philippines gets new Israel missiles to boost naval capabilities

The Philippines has completed the purchase of its first-ever ship-borne missile systems as part of a military modernization program and for the expansion of its naval capabilities in the disputed South China Sea
http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/05/02/560433/Philippines-navy-South-China-Sea

19 APRIL 2018

Philippine-US war games expanded to include Japan, Australia

Annual US-Philippine military exercises involving thousands of troops will be expanded for the first time to include other countries, with Japanese and Australian forces invited to join what will be the 34th edition of the war games
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/philippine-us-war-games-expanded-to-include-japan-australia

23 MARCH 2018

US foreign policy is failing in the Philippines

In spite of the United States’ renewed focus on great power competition in the 2018 National Defense Strategy,the war against terrorism will remain salient to US strategy. In few places is this clearer than in the Philippines
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/03/23/us-foreign-policy-is-failing-in-the-philippines/

14 MARCH 2018

Duterte withdraws Philippines from International Criminal Court

Outspoken Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte made the controversial decision to withdraw his country from the International Criminal Court amid a probe into alleged crimes against humanity in his brutal anti-drug crackdown that has killed thousands
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/03/14/duterte-withdraws-philippines-from-international-criminal-court.html
https://www.rappler.com/nation/198171-full-text-philippines-rodrigo-duterte-statement-international-criminal-court-withdrawal
http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/nation/646641/amnesty-international-phl-s-withdrawal-from-icc-too-late-to-stop-probe-vs-alleged-ejks/story/
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/philippines-moves-to-quit-icc-what-does-it-mean-10043370

12 MARCH 2018

Duterte goes to war with UN as he threatens to throw rights team to the crocodiles

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte fuelled an extraordinary war of words with the United Nations by saying that their human rights team should be fed to crocodiles if they came to investigate his controversial war on drugs
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/03/12/duterte-goes-war-un-threatens-throw-rights-team-crocodiles/
https://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/03/13/1796217/palace-dutertes-crocodile-response-united-nations-appropriate

French Navy ship visit to Philippines shows France commitment to security, freedom of navigation

The visit of a French Navy’s light patrol frigate to the Philippines shows France as a “Pacific power” that is committed to “security” and adherence to the principle of freedom of navigation in Southeast Asia, officials said after the Vendmiaire docked at a port in Manila on Monday
http://www.manilatimes.net/french-navy-ship-visit-to-ph-shows-france-commitment-to-security-freedom-of-navigation/385691
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/164912/philippines-france-south-china-sea-west-philippine-sea-military-cooperation-dispute-southeast-asia-defense-peace

7 FEBRUARY 2018

Philippines President Duterte slams European Union as ‘stupid’, refuses summit invite after criticism of bloody drug war

President Rodrigo Duterte has angrily turned down an invitation to an Asia-Europe summit in Brussels as he again lashed out at the EU and accused the bloc of insulting him over his deadly war on drugs
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/2132426/philippines-president-duterte-slams-europoean-union-stupid

5 FEBRUARY 2018

Philippines on China military build-up: No war option

The Philippines has declared that war is not an option in resolving its dispute with China, which was found to have continued its military build-up in disputed South China Sea areas, declared by a UN arbitration court to belong to Manila
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/02/philippines-china-military-build-war-option-180205080825411.html#
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/163814/palace-duterte-roque-south-china-sea-militarization-disputed-sea-island-military-reef
http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2018/02/06/1785089/palace-downplays-chinas-almost-done-militarization-south-china-sea

7 DECEMBER 2017

Examining the “Political Temperature” behind Philippines-China Relations

It is also important to note that China’s much-touted goodwill towards the Philippines and the rest of the region hinges on its bilateral relations. As Premier Li indicated, the increase or decrease in the “political temperature” is very important. For President Duterte, it is critical to maintain the warm temperature in Philippines-China relations for as long as he can, and not allow it to freeze again. As China presently benefits from this newly “thawed” relation, there is uncertainty and anxiety for the Philippines over the future costs of this warm reception
http://ippreview.com/index.php/Home/Blog/single/id/611.html

14 NOVEMBER 2017

Rodrigo Duterte calls Justin Trudeau’s questions about war on drugs an ‘insult’

The Philippines president, Rodrigo Duterte, attacked Canada’s Justin Trudeau at the end of a summit of Asian and western nations for raising questions about his war on drugs, a topic skirted by other leaders, including Donald Trump
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/nov/14/rodrigo-duterte-justin-trudeau-war-on-drugs-insult

13 NOVEMBER 2017

Trump-Duterte: US president hails ‘great relationship’

US President Trump has said he has a « great relationship » with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte as the two met at a regional summit in Manila. The meeting got off to a rocky start with a group handshake gone awry
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-41964930
http://www.dw.com/en/donald-trump-meets-philippine-president-duterte-as-asean-summit-kicks-off-in-manila/a-41351485

31 OCTOBER 2017

Is the Philippines’ Duterte playing China against Japan?

Although Tokyo offered financial support to Manila, Japan is in no position to rival China financially. Duterte knows this and is using the Beijing-Tokyo rivalry to his own advantage. Julian Ryall reports from Tokyo
http://www.dw.com/en/is-the-philippines-duterte-playing-china-against-japan/a-41186294

17 OCTOBER 2017

Philippine President Duterte declares Marawi ‘liberation’ from jihadists

Philippine President Duterte has declared that Marawi city is now liberated from IS-linked jihadists. Rebuilding and rehabilitating the war-torn city will be a test case for Duterte, say analysts
http://www.dw.com/en/philippine-president-duterte-declares-marawi-liberation-from-jihadists/a-40988478
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/duterte-declares-marawi-liberated-military-says-30-militants-9317748

16 OCTOBER 2017

Last leaders of Muslim militant siege in southern Philippines, killed in fighting

The two final surviving leaders of a deadly siege in the southern Philippines, including a top Asian terror suspect, were killed on Monday in one of the final battles by thousands of troops to retake the last area in Marawi city held by pro-Islamic State militants
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/2115487/isnilon-hapilon-last-leader-muslim-militant-siege-southern
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/leaders-of-marawi-war-killed-in-clashes-with-philippine-forces-defence-secretary
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20171016_33/

15 OCTOBER 2017

Duterte says he refused British aid, ready to lose Europe

The Philippine president said he has asked his finance secretary to reject an unspecified British financial aid package and that he’s ready to cut diplomatic ties with all European countries critical of his deadly anti-drug crackdown
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/75/139/219/1508040330199.html

9 OCTOBER 2017

Philippines apologises to China for using Taiwan logo at ceremony

The Philippines apologised to China on Monday for a « grievous but purely unintentional » mistake after it displayed the logo of the defence ministry of Taiwan, not China, at an event marking Beijing’s donation of 3,000 rifles to Manila.
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/philippines-apologises-to-china-for-using-taiwan-logo-at-ceremony-9292746
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2114532/philippines-sorry-grievous-error-saw-it-use-taiwan

29 AUGUST 2017

Islamic State: Australia offers to send Special Forces to help fight IS in Philippines city of Marawi

Australian Special Forces soldiers could soon be deployed to the Southern Philippines to help local forces fight Islamic State (IS) militants in the country’s south
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-08-29/australia-offers-troops-to-help-philippines-fight-is/8851750?section=world
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2017/08/australia-offers-additional-military-help-philippines-fight-islamic-state/#FqGpkVMQvMqmRWrl.97

3 JULY 2017

Philippines, US security alliance still holds

President Rodrigo Duterte’s bid for an independent foreign policy, the Philippines’ security partnership with long-time ally US remains firm, with the two countries freshly concluding a coordinated patrol exercise in the Sulu Sea in the southern Philippine island of Mindanao
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2017/07/philippines-us-security-alliance-still-holds/#fbv02JfL0KovGUxV.99

1st JULY 2017

US, Philippines Navy Ships Patrol Sulu Sea

The United States and Philippine navies held a joint naval patrol Saturday in dangerous southern Philippine waters, amid rising international concern about Islamist militancy and piracy in the region
https://www.voanews.com/a/us-philippines-patrol-sulu-sea/3924116.html
http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/A/AS_PAKISTAN_KASHMIR?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT&CTIME=2017-07-01-03-39-37

10 JUNE 2017

US commandos helping Philippines troop battle Islamist militants in Marawi

Special forces are providing support to the Philippine military battling to dislodge Islamist militants in a southern city, the US embassy said Saturday, as 13 Filipino marines were killed in fresh fighting
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/06/10/us-commandos-helpingphilippines-troop-battle-islamist-militants/
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-40231605
http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2017/06/11/1708722/us-forces-assisting-philippines-battle-end-siege

1 MAY 2017

Duterte visits Chinese warships in hometown Davao in first Philippines port call since 2010

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte on Monday visited Chinese warships docked in his hometown, highlighting fast-warming relations despite competing claims in the South China Sea
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/diplomacy/article/2092036/duterte-visits-chinese-warships-hometown-davao-first-philippines
http://www.manilatimes.net/president-open-war-games-china-sulu/325058/

30 APRIL 2017

Donald Trump invites Rodrigo Duterte to White House in ‘warm’ phone call as Chinese ships arrive in the Philippines

US President Donald Trump invites Rodrigo Duterte to the White House, telling the Philippine leader during a phone call that he is interested in developing « a warm, working Relationship »
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2017-04-30/donald-trump-invites-rodrigo-duterte-to-white-house-in-warm-phone-call-as-chinese-ships-arrive-in-th/1668166
http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2017/04/30/1695408/trump-invites-duterte-white-house-discuss-renewed-ties
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/diplomacy/article/2091832/trump-invites-duterte-washington-friendly-phone-call

27 APRIL 2017

Indonesia-Philippines sea border pact ratified

Indonesia’s Parliament on Thursday (April 27) ratified a landmark sea border agreement with the Philippines, which sets the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) boundaries between the two countries in the Mindanao and Celebes seas
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/indonesia-philippines-sea-border-pact-ratified

21 APRIL 2017

Philippine defence chief visits disputed Spratly island

Philippine Defence Secretary Delfin Lorenzana flew to a disputed South China Sea island on Friday (April 21), brushing off a challenge by the Chinese military while asserting Manila’s territorial claim to the strategic region
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/philippine-defence-chief-visits-disputed-spratly-island
http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2017/04/22/1692733/chinese-challenge-philippines-defense-chiefs-plane

19 MARCH 2017

China too powerful to confront, Durterte says

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said Sunday he could not stop China from building on a disputed shoal near his country’s west coast because it was too powerful
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2017/03/philippines-duterte-says-not-war-china-cant-stop-scarborough-shoal-activities/#H2H4yozdRHh0LQvW.97
http://globalnation.inquirer.net/153556/duterte-cant-stop-china-panatag
http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asean/1217622/duterte-bound-for-bangkok-monday-cant-stop-china

27 FEBRUARY 2017

Duterte plays a dangerous game in the South China Sea

Philippine president’s courting of China as he pivots away from the United States could reap dividends – or a military coup
http://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geopolitics/article/2073858/duterte-plays-dangerous-game-south-china-sea

1 FEBRUARY 2017

Philippine communist rebels end ceasefire, accuses Duterte’s government of human rights abuses

The move comes after a third round of peace talks aimed at ending decades of bloodshed wrapped up in Italy last week with no deal on a permanent truce
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/2067244/philippine-communist-rebels-end-ceasefire-accuses-dutertes
http://www.manilatimes.net/reds-resume-war/310159/
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/philippines-communist-rebels-end-ceasefire-but-still-support-peace-talks

16 JANUARY 2017

Philippines filed diplomatic protest over South China Sea buildup: Minister

The Philippines has filed a diplomatic protest with China, its foreign minister said on Monday, over Beijing’s installation last year of anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems on its manmade islands in the disputed South China Sea
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/philippines-filed-diplomatic-protest-over-south-china-sea/3442404.html
http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/philippines-quietly-protests-chinas-weapons-installations-on-islands

10 JANUARY 2017

Duterte wants Mindanao peace, does MILF want it too?

Last week, armed rebels with links to the Moro Islamic Liberation Front attacked a jail in the southern Philippines and freed their leaders. Are the group’s lower ranks getting frustrated with the ongoing peace process?
http://www.dw.com/en/duterte-wants-mindanao-peace-does-milf-want-it-too/a-37078888

7 JANUARY 2017

Duterte asks Russia: Be Philippine ally and protector

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte continued his offer of friendship to Russia as he visited a Russian antisubmarine vessel docked in Manila
http://www.asianews.network/content/duterte-asks-russia-be-philippine-ally-and-protector-36851
https://sputniknews.com/asia/201701071049353801-philippines-duterte-bases/

3 JANUARY 2017

Russian warships visit Manila in Moscow’s bid to hold maritime drills

Russia wants to hold maritime drills with the Philippines to help combat terrorism and piracy, sending two warships to Manila for the first official navy-to-navy contact, as President Rodrigo Duterte pivots to United States’ traditional rivals
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2017/01/philippines-russian-warships-manila-moscows-maritime-drills/

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 11 April in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 11 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on April 11, 2019

1899 : By virtue of the December 10, 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain cedes the Philippines to the US
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/mkinly3.htm

1241: Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Mohi (or Muhi)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mohi

1945: The US troops finish the capture Tsugen Shima, near Okinawa (Japan

1951: General Douglas MacArthur is relieved by President Harry S. Truman of overall command in Korea and replaced by General Ridgway
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/newsid_3708000/3708197.stm
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0411.html#article
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/truman-relieves-macarthur-of-duties-in-korea

1952: Beginning of the Battle of Nanri island between Kuomintang and PRC forces, won by the nationalists on 15 April
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanri_island

1953: In Korea, signature of an agreement on repatriation of prisoners of war
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/55796477

1983: Second series of indirect talks in Geneva on Afghanistan. Failure, due to the question of the Afghan refugees in Pakistan

1997: Hong Kong HMS Tamar British naval base, the last one in Asia, is closed

http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9704/11/hong.kong/
http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/HMS_Tamar.htm#.VSfy3e_GNMs

2001: Release of the 24 crewmembers of a U.S. surveillance plane. The EP-3E U.S. Navy crew had made an emergency landing on 1st April after an in-flight collision with a Chinese fighter jet. The Chinese pilot was missing and presumed dead.
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30946.pdf

 

On 11 April in South Asian history

ON 11 APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 11, 2019

1241: Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Mohi (or Muhi)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mohi

1827: Birth of Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, Indian social reformer who died on November 28 1890
http://www.culturalindia.net/reformers/jyotiba-phule.html
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/jyotiba-phule-5338.php

1869: Birth of Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi, who died on February 22, 1944
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/kasturba-gandhi.html

1887: Birth of Jamini Roy, Indian/Bengali painter who died on April 24, 1972
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/jamini-roy.html
https://www.google.fr/search?q=jamini+roy+paintings&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiF8dmaurDaAhVTOMAKHXWCBY8Q_AUoAXoECAAQAw&biw=1280&bih=603

Jamini Roy

1904: Birth of Kundan Lal Saigal, Indian singer and actor who died on January 18, 1947
http://chandrakantha.com/biodata/KL_Saigal.html

1951: Birth of Rohini Hattangadi, Indian film, theatre and television actress
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/rohini-hattangadi/biography.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/11-april-1951-rohini-hattangadi-indian-film-theatre-and-television-actress-was-born

1977: Death of Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’, Indian author, born on March 4, 1921
http://www.kalpana.it/eng/writer/indian_writers/phanishwarnath_renu.htm

1983: Second series of indirect talks in Geneva on Afghanistan. Failure, due to the question of the Afghan refugees in Pakistan

1983: Death of Ahmed Rushi, Pakistani singer, born on April 24, 1934
http://www.dawn.com/news/709618/remembering-a-legend-ahmed-rushdi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Rushdi

1991: Birth of Poonam Pandey, Indian fashion model
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poonam_Pandey

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7mnVeJoer_M

1997: In India, Congress Party (I) removes its support with no participation to the government of Deve Gowda of Janata who loses his majority in parliament
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/H_D_Deve_Gowda.aspx

2007: In Bangladesh, murder charges are filed against Sheikh Hasina, alleging she masterminded the killing of four supporters of a rival party in October 2006

2009: Death of Vishnu Prabhakar, Indian author and playwright, born on June 21, 1912
http://www.topnews.in/noted-writer-vishnu-prabhakar-passes-away-2150550
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vishnu_Prabhakar

2014: Death of Nandu Bhende, Indian singer and actor, born in 1955
http://www.mid-day.com/articles/the-rockstar-a-tribute-to-mumbais-rock-legend-nandu-bhendu/15224095

 

 

 

 

 

 

On 11 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 11 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 11, 2019

1899 : By virtue of the December 10, 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain cedes the Philippines to the US
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/mkinly3.htm

1955: An Indian plane explodes near Indonesia in a Taiwanese attempt to kill Chinese premier Zhou Enlai, en route to Bandung conference
http://www.chinauncensored.com/index.php/most-censored/659-secret-behind-the-explosion-of-the-aircraft-kashmir-princess
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/4037.html

1957: End of the Singapore Constitutional Conference. Britain agrees to Singapore self-rule
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/newsid_2828000/2828903.stm

1968: North Vietnam proposes Varsaw for meeting point with US representatives. Washington refuses and proposes a list of 18 cities, all refused by Hanoi

2004: Death of General Sein Lwin, the “butcher of Rangoon” who was the 6th president of the Union of Burma during 17 days in 1988, born in 1923
http://www2.irrawaddy.org/opinion_story.php?art_id=3825

2009: A summit of Asean leaders in Thailand is cancelled after anti-government protesters broke into the venue in the resort of Pattaya
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7994465.stm
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/12/world/asia/12thai.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yy8_U0EfQ2E

 

On 11 April in Japan’s history

ON 11 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on April 11, 2019

1868: The shogunate system is abolished in Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shogunate
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokugawa_Yoshinobu

1931: Birth of Koichi Sugiyama, Japanese composer
http://www.vgmonline.net/koichisugiyama/

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tXa8oKJBi4I

1945: The US troops finish the capture Tsugen Shima, near Okinawa (Japan

1962: Death of Ukichiro Nakaya, Japanese physicist, born on July 4, 1900
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukichiro_Nakaya

1969: Birth of Chisato Moritaka, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chisato_Moritaka

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PyeFDMBw640

1991: Birth of Erina Mano, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erina_Mano

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2SDEoTdm8jA

2011: Japan upgrades its nuclear emergency to a maximum seven on an international scale of atomic crises, the first time the highest ranking has been invoked since the Chernobyl disaster in 1986
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110412-fukushima-crisis-worst-nuclear-disaster-chernobyl

2016: US Secretary of State John Kerry pays a historic visit to the Hiroshima memorial located on the site where American planes launched the world’s first nuclear attack. The blast and the radiation that resulted killed some 140,000 people
http://www.euronews.com/2016/04/11/john-kerry-lays-flowers-at-hiroshima-memorial/

 

 

On 11 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 11 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 11, 2019

999: Birth of Bao Zheng, Northern Song official renowned for his honesty, today metaphor for an honest politician, who died on May 20, 1062
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bao_Zheng

1241: Batu Khan defeats Béla IV of Hungary at the Battle of Mohi (or Muhi)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mohi

1919: Foundation, in Shanghai, of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea then occupied by Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Government_of_the_Republic_of_Korea
http://althistory.wikia.com/wiki/Government_in_exile_of_Korea_(Twilight_of_a_New_Era)
http://english.kookmin.ac.kr/site/about_kmu/newNhot/special/168?pn=6

1919-04-13 Gvt de Shanghai

1952: Beginning of the Battle of Nanri island between Kuomintang and PRC forces, won by the nationalists on 15 April
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nanri_island

1953: In Korea, signature of an agreement on repatriation of prisoners of war
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/55796477

1955: An Indian plane explodes near Indonesia in a Taiwanese attempt to kill Chinese premier Zhou Enlai, en route to Bandung conference
http://www.chinauncensored.com/index.php/most-censored/659-secret-behind-the-explosion-of-the-aircraft-kashmir-princess
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/4037.html

1997: Hong Kong HMS Tamar British naval base, the last one in Asia, is closed
http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9704/11/hong.kong/
http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/HMS_Tamar.htm#.VSfy3e_GNMs

2001: Release of the 24 crew members of a U.S. surveillance plane. The EP-3E U.S. Navy crew had made an emergency landing on 1st April after an in-flight collision with a Chinese fighter jet. The Chinese pilot was missing and presumed dead.
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30946.pdf

2008: In China, Chen Liangyu, the former Shanghai Communist Party boss is sentenced to 18 years in jail for corruption
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/12/world/asia/12shanghai.html