Daily Archives: 1 avril 2019

On 1st April in Asian history

ON 1st APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 1, 2019

325: Crown Prince Jin Chengdi, age 4, succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Cheng_of_Jin

528: The daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei was made the « Emperor » as a male heir of the late emperor by Empress Dowager Hu but deposed and replaced by Yuan Zhao the next day. She was the first female monarch in the history of China, but not widely recognised
http://www.snipview.com/q/Daughter%20of%20Emperor%20Xiaoming%20of%20Northern%20Wei

1085: Death of Shenzong, the sixth emperor (1067-1085) of the Chinese Song dynasty, born on 25 May 1048
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Shenzong_of_Song_China

1220: Birth of Go-Saga, 88th emperor of Japan (1242-1246) who died on 17th March 1272
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Saga

1637: Death of Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord, born on 11 May 1571
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Niwa_Nagashige

1793: In Japan, the volcano Unsen erupts killing about 53,000

1851: King Mongkut acceeds to the Siamese throne, crowned on May 15
https://searchinginhistory.blogspot.fr/2014/12/mongkut-modernizing-king-of-siam.html
http://tudtu.tripod.com/rama4.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHJoQFuBs6o

1856: Birth of Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician who discovered the bubonic plague and died in 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacio_Gabriel_Viegas

1867: The Straits Settlement (Singapore, Penang and Malacca) become British Crown colony
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Straits_Settlements

1889: Birth of Indian Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, founder of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) who died on June 21, 1940
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._B._Hedgewar
http://samvada.org/2012/news/remembering-rss-founder-dr-kb-hedgewar-on-his-123th-birthday-on-yugadi/

Keshav Baliram Hedgewar

1901: At the Malacanang Palace, Aguildano who has been captured, swears on oath accepting the authority of the USA over the Philippines
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1051/today-in-philippine-history-april-1-1901-emilio-aguinaldo-volunteered-to-swear-his-allegiance-to-the-united-states

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3_VPUKf90Nw&feature=related

1914: Birth Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor, who died April 29, 2002
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lor_Tok

1920: Birth of Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor who died on 24 December 1997
http://www.toshiromifune.org/biography/index.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EjMi4XD2bL8

1927: Chiang Kai-shek decides to launch the anti-communist « party purge »

1928: Chiang Kai-shek’s army crosses the Yangzijiang to conquer northern China

1929: Birth of Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai cartoonist, animator, film director and teacher
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payut_Ngaokrachang

Payut Ngaokrachang

1936: Orissa Formerly known as Kalinga or Utkal becomes a state in India
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/1-april-1936-the-state-of-odisha-was-established

1936: Birth of Abdul Qadeer Khan, Pakistani nuclear scientist who headed Pakistan’s nuclear program
http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/pakistan/khan.htm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3343621.stm

1944: Japanese troops conquer Jessima, East-India, start of an offensive on Indian territory
http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=19..290311.mar11

1944: Beginning of a two months failed siege of Kohima (Burma) by the Japanese
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_kohima_1944.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9uD5Ipwegw

1945: Americans start to invade Okinawa (Ryükyü)


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-troops-land-on-okinawa
http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-okinawa
http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-okinawa-operation-iceberg.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2987.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nC06s_1Kt4Q

1946: Birth of the Malayan Union, but Singapore continues to be a British colony
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/history/events/e8db672a-3571-4fa3-9df0-220e83ee2a88
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19460402-1.2.19.aspx

1946-04-01 Malayan Union foundation

1949: After three years of fighting, the Communist Party of China helds unsuccessful peace talks with Kuomintang

1950 : Establishment of diplomatic relations between China and India

1955: Birth of Humayun Akhtar Khan, Pakistani stateman
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humayun_Akhtar_Khan

1955: Death of Lin Huiyin, Chinese female architect and writer, born on June 6, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lin_Huiyin

1963: General Ne Win launches an amnesty offer to all the rebel groups

1963: Birth of Teddy Diaz, Filipino rock guitarist (The Dawn), who was killed on August 21, 1988
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teodoro_de_Villa_Diaz

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OxqiViiUk3A

1963: In Laos, neutralist Foreign Minister Quinim Pholsena is assassinated in Vientiane
http://www.foia.cia.gov/sites/default/files/document_conversions/89801/DOC_0000598464.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinim_Pholsena

1967: Under an US bombing, death of Đặng Văn Ngữ, Vietnamese physician, born on April 4, 1910
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/%C4%90%E1%BA%B7ng_V%C4%83n_Ng%E1%BB%AF

1968: North Vietnamese declare that they are ready to meet US representatives on the possibility to stop fighting. Proposition accepted by President Lyndon Johnson

1969: Opening of the IXth congress of the Chinese Communist Party, up to March 24

1970: France calls for global negotiations on Indochina

1971: During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the Pakistan Army massacre over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jinjira_massacre

1975: In Cambodia, end for president Lon Nol who flees to Indonesia
http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow/history/end.html

Lon Nol exile

1981: Death of Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader, born on January 21, 1910
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eua_Sunthornsanan

1986: Birth of Shunichi Miyamoto, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shunichi_Miyamoto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FMbDXYzCNs

1994: Soon after a meeting with United States assistant secretary of state for human rights and humanitarian affairs, Wei Jingsheng vanishes into police custody. Officials claim that he is under investigation for having committed « new crimes. »

2001: An EP-3E United States Navy plane collides with a Chinese fighter jet which pilot is killed. The American crew makes an emergency landing on Hainan Island and detained  eleven days by the Chinese authorities
http://www.historycommons.org/timeline.jsp?us_military_specific_cases_and_issues=us_military_tmln_spy_plane_crash_in_china&timeline=us_military_tmln
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30946.pdf

2001: Death of Trinh Cong Son, Vietnamese composer, born on 28 February 1939
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1260527.stm
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/trinh-cong-son-mn0001239837
http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=Trinh+Cong+Son&mid=8523B5B10FEEFFE547638523B5B10FEEFFE54763&FORM=LKVR#

Trinh Cong Son

2001: The Dalai Lama begins a visit to Taiwan despite the opposition of Beijing
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1252478.stm

2001-04-01 Dalai Lama & Lu

2003: Death of Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer, born on September 12, 1956
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leslie_Cheung
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0002000/
http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=Leslie+Cheung&sk=&sc=1-13&mid=AA6CF743A98BA18CF7F2AA6CF743A98BA18CF7F2&FORM=LKVR8#

2006: Death of In Tam, Cambodian general and politician, 26th short time Prime Minister of Cambodia in 1973, born on September 22, 1922
http://ki-media.blogspot.fr/2006/04/obituary-in-tam-lon-nol-era-leader.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_Tam

2007: In Nepal, following an agreement that put an end to ten years of civil war and five communist leaders join the temporary government

2008: Pakatan Rakyat or PR (English: People’s Alliance) is established. The political coalition comprises a group of Malaysian political parties, namely, the People’s Justice Party (PKR), Democratic Action Party (DAP), and Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), who collectively worked together as the Barisan Rakyat (or People’s Front) during the 12th Malaysian general election in 2008
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakatan_Rakyat

2009: Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai is urged by the UN and Western aid agencies to abolish a new law that they say legalizes rape within marriage
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7977293.stm

2009: China and France agree to restore high-level contacts, ending a rift that began after French President Nicolas Sarkozy met the Dalai Lama last year
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7976396.stm

2010: Hamid Karzai, the president of Afghanistan, delivers an extraordinarily harsh criticism of the Western governments fighting in his country, the United Nations and the Anglo-American press, accusing them of perpetrating the fraud that denied him an outright victory in last summer’s presidential elections
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/02/world/asia/02afghan.html?ref=asia

2011: Afghan officials said at least twelve people have been killed at a United Nations operational centre in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif when protest against the burning of the Quran turned violent. The attack appears to be the deadliest against the UN in the country since the 2001 invasion
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/04/201141152010414184.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12940014

2012: Myanmar’s opposition claims a historic victory for pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in her first bid for a seat in parliament
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/04/20124113414427185.html

2012: Thousands of Hong Kong people stage a noisy protest against the city’s incoming government chief and decried Beijing’s alleged interference in the city’s recent leadership election

2013: In Myanmar, private dailies, forced to shut down following a military coup in 1964 are again allowed
http://www.euronews.com/2013/04/01/private-newspapers-return-to-myanmar/

2015: Thailand’s ruling junta lifts martial law imposed just before a coup 10 months ago, but it invokes a security clause in the country’s interim constitution that will mean the military will retain broad powers
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-thailand-politics-martiallaw/thai-junta-lifts-martial-law-but-retains-broad-powers-idUSKBN0MS4NI20150401

Main news on Laos

1 APRIL 2019

UN finally tells the truth about Laos

Communist-run Laos has had a relative knack for staying out of the news for its human rights abuses, endemic corruption and sub-par performance in providing services to its citizens. But now finally someone of prominence is speaking out
https://www.asiatimes.com/2019/04/article/un-finally-tells-the-truth-about-laos/

24 JULY 2018

Hundreds missing after dam collapses in Laos

The collapse of a dam in Laos has reportedly left hundreds of people missing and an unknown number dead. Some 5 billion cubic meters of water were released onto villages
https://www.dw.com/en/hundreds-missing-after-dam-collapses-in-laos/a-44800846
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44935495

28 MARCH 2018

Is hermetic Laos poised for more openness?

Next month marks Lao Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith’s second year in power, a role few Communist Party apparatchiks have grasped with so much aplomb
http://www.atimes.com/article/hermetic-laos-poised-openness//

5 DECEMBER 2017

Hmong face military in Laos jungle in fallout from Vietnam war

Deep in the jungle in Laos, a small group of people tries to survive against all odds. Surrounded by Lao military camps, men, women and children keep themselves alive by eating roots and leaves and an occasional gibbon. They live in makeshift tents and are always on the move. Recently the shelling has intensified. But their calls for help fall on deaf ears
http://en.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20171204-anno-2017-vietnam-war-still-rages-secretly-laos-hmong

12 AUGUST 2017

Laos, Cambodia to pull back troops after PM meet

The leaders of Cambodia and Laos vowed on Saturday to recall troops from a disputed border area where tensions have been flaring for months, after the prime ministers held an emergency meeting
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/2106566/laos-cambodia-withdraw-troops-disputed-border-area
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/55/188/11/1502522224623.html

11 AUGUST 2017

Cambodian PM accuses Laos of border violation, mobilising troops

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on Friday (Aug 11) accused neighbouring Laos o sending troops into Cambodian territory in April and set an Aug 17 deadline for their departure, warning that he was mobilising soldiers to the border area
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/cambodian-pm-accuses-laos-of-border-violation-mobilising-troops-9114246
http://www.khmertimeskh.com/5077785/hun-sen-threatens-evict-lao-troops/

25 MAY 2017

Laos: On the borders of the empire

This video investigate China’s rising influence in Laos and the potentially disastrous consequences for the local population
http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/peopleandpower/2017/05/laos-borders-empire-170522105221541.html

3 MAY 2017

Impoverished Laos shows resistance to becoming a client state of China

Laos typically welcomes help from China. About 23% of the landlocked Southeast Asian country’s 6.8 million people live in poverty. Rural infrastructure lags behind most of its neighbors. So the Lao government supports growing investment from China as part of the “Belt and Road » program
https://www.forbes.com/sites/ralphjennings/2017/05/03/tiny-impoverished-laos-shows-resistance-to-being-a-client-state-of-china/#ffe93047da1b

16 FEBRUARY 2017

Little Laos tackles big corruption

In line with its communist neighbors China and Vietnam, Laos has launched an anti-corruption campaign to purge the ruling Lao People’s Revolutionary Party of corrupt members
http://www.atimes.com/article/little-laos-tackles-big-corruption/

11 FEBRUARY 2017

Despite the risks, Laos goes ahead with Pak Beng dam

With construction likely to start within months, the people most affected still have little information on the hydropower project
http://www.atimes.com/article/despite-risks-laos-goes-ahead-pak-beng-dam/

10 DECEMBER 2016

Laos long march forward

With the World Bank’s assistance, Laos has set specific targets in its Five-Year National Socio-Economic Development Plans. Under Lao’s eighth plan, approved in April 2016, goals to be achieved by 2020
http://www.atimes.com/article/laos-march-ancient-kingdom-modern-society//

12 SEPTEMBER 2016

Can Laos create a startup economy?

While there has been much attention on the diplomatic and economic fronts during the Asean summit, Vientiane was also subject to scrutiny from a different group of people: international angel investors
http://thediplomat.com/2016/09/can-laos-create-a-startup-economy/

6 SEPTEMBER 2016

US gives Laos US$90m for bomb clearance

The United States announced on Tuesday it would provide an additional US$90 million over the next three years to help Laos, heavily bombed during the Vietnam War, clear unexploded ordnance that has killed or injured more than 20,000 people
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/asia/2016-09/06/content_15491442.html
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/09/06/barack-obama-pledges-more-aid-to-laos-to-recover-from-secretive/
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-37286520
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/FreeContent/FreeConten_Laos.htm

21 APRIL 2016

Laos elects new president and PM during inaugural National Assembly meeting

The meeting named 78-year-old Bounnhang Vorachit for the nation’s top post while Tongloun Sisoulith, 70, will take on the prime ministerial role.
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2016/04/laos-elects-new-president-and-pm-during-inaugural-national-assembly-meeting/
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/new-laos-leaders-take-office-communists-welcome-world
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/Video_FileVDO/Apr16_New_leaders.htm

27 FEBRUARY 2016

China’s expanding influence in Laos

The recently signed Joint General Scheme of Mohan–Boten Economic Cooperation Zone is the first cross-border economic cooperation zone that China has established in Laos and, for that matter, in the whole of Southeast Asia.
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2016/02/26/chinas-expanding-influence-in-laos/

16 FEBRUARY 2016

New opportunities for US–Laos relations

Leadership changes announced at the 10th Congress of the ruling Lao People’s Revolutionary Party will give the United States an opportunity to boost ties with Laos when President Barack Obama visits Vientiane in September 2016. This will be the first visit ever to Laos by a sitting US president.
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2016/02/16/new-opportunities-for-us-laos-relations/

25 JANUARY

Laos assures US it will help counter Chinese assertiveness

The prime minister of communist Laos assured U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry on Monday that his small nation will help counter China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea.
http://news.yahoo.com/laos-assures-us-help-counter-chinese-assertiveness-080159765.html
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/laos-keen-avoid-militarisation-south-china-sea
http://www.voanews.com/content/secretary-of-state-john-kerry-asia-asean-laos-north-korea/3161239.html
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/FreeContent/FreeConten_John%20Kerry.htm

24 JANUARY 2016

Kerry arrives in Laos as US reaches out to wartime foe

US Secretary of State John Kerry arrived in Laos late Sunday (Jan 24) in a rare high-level visit by an American diplomat to Washington’s former wartime foe
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/kerry-arrives-in-laos-as/2454262.htm

22 JANUARY 2016

Ruling communists in Laos promote VP Bounnhang Vorachit as country’s new leader

The ruling communist party of Laos elected a new leader Friday, putting Bounnhang Vorachit in charge of the single-party country as it takes its turn as the chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
http://news.yahoo.com/ruling-communists-laos-promote-vp-countrys-leader-122505983.html
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/FreeContent/FreeConten_10th_congress.htm
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/laos-pm-party-boss-set-political-exit-after-congress-vote

Bounnhang Vorachit

15 DECEMBER 2015

3 years on, rights groups demand answers on Sombath Somphone disappearance

On the eve of the third anniversary of acclaimed community development leader Sombath Somphone’s forced disappearance, human rights groups on Monday in Bangkok urged the Lao government to provide information regarding Mr. Sombath’s whereabouts and fate.
http://asiancorrespondent.com/2015/12/sombath-somphone-disappearance/

12 DECEMBER 2015

Curfew imposed in Lao province after deadly violence

Lao authorities have imposed a curfew in north-central Xaysomboun Province after a spate of violence in which three government soldiers and three civilians were killed, police and other sources said Friday
http://atimes.com/2015/12/curfew-imposed-in-lao-province-after-deadly-violence/

2 DECEMBER 2015

Laos Touts 40 Years of Stability, but Critics Decry Debt, Corruption and Poverty

President Choummaly Sayasone marked 40 years of communist rule in Laos on Wednesday touting the stability and security of his landlocked Southeast Asian nation, but some Laotians lamented their country’s corruption, rising debt and dependence on China and Vietnam
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/laos/laos-anniversary-12022015171027.html

26 OCTOBER 2015

Report reveals plunder of Lao forests

A leaked report has revealed near epic-scale illegal logging in Laos, with virtually no law enforcement In 2013 for instance, Laos exported 1.4 million cubic metres of timber to Vietnam and China, or more than 10 times its official harvest
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/report-reveals-plunder-lao-forests

8 SEPTEMBER 2015

Laos Approaches the World Stage

Laos’s profile in Southeast Asia has become more prominent over the past several years. Today external powers compete for influence there, with Vietnam and Japan seeking to limit China’s expanding presence in Laos. Thailand, South Korea, and other states also have significant stakes there. The United States’ involvement in Laos has been minimal since 1975, when the communist government assumed power
http://cogitasia.com/laos-approaches-the-world-stage/

5 JUNE 2015

Laos and China to Set Up Joint Company for High-Speed Railway

Laos is setting up a joint company with China to oversee the construction and financing of a multibillion-dollar, high-speed railway project that will link the two neighboring countries and extend to Thailand, according to a transport ministry official
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/laos/laos-and-china-to-set-up-joint-company-for-major-high-speed-railway-06042015172519.html

5 MAY 2015

Laos expects economy to grow 7.6 pct this year

Laos expects its economy to expand by 7.6 percent this year despite headwinds slowing the pace of growth, Deputy Finance Minister Thipphakone Chanthavongsa said Monday.In a statement to the annual meeting of the Asian Development Bank
http://www.thecambodiaherald.com/cambodia/laos-expects-economy-to-grow-76-pct-this-year-8503

23 APRIL 2015

Laotian government pressures activists not to raise human rights issue at ASEAN meeting

Laotian NGOs planning to attend the ASEAN Peoples’ Forum are the target of government threats. Many of these have been scared off and will not participate. The Sombath case is still wrapped in silence after the activist disappeared more than two years ago
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Laotian-government-pressures-activists-not-to-raise-human-rights-issue-at-ASEAN-meeting-34060.html

26 JANUARY 2015

Human rights groups demand UN action on abuses in Laos

The Laos government is moving backward on human rights, says Phil Robertson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia Division. HRW issued a submission to the United Nations ahead of Laos’ Periodic Review last week, urging it to emphasize the need for reform related to enforced disappearances, freedom of speech, association, and assembly, the treatment of detainees in drug detention centers, and labor rights.
http://asiancorrespondent.com/130098/human-rights-groups-demand-un-action-on-abuses-in-laos/ 

3 JANUARY 2015

Business support is crucial for Laos to join the AEC and lock in growth

The accession of Laos to the World Trade Organization in 2013 was the latest in a series of steps towards achieving economic integration. The next milestone in its integration agenda is the establishment of the ASEAN economic community at the end of 2015
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2015/01/03/business-support-is-crucial-for-laos-to-join-the-aec-and-lock-in-growth/

21 NOVEMBER 2012

Laos’ Hydropower Boom Attracts Regional Attention

The recent decision by the government of Laos to green light the long delayed construction of the massive Xayaburi Dam made headlines across the world. Most analysts and commentators agree the move is controversial, as the dam will likely have significant negative environmental effects within Laos as well as in Cambodia and Vietnam, which lie further down the Mekong.
http://atlanticsentinel.com/2012/11/laos-hydropower-boom-attracts-regional-attention/

17 NOVEMBER 2012

Laos “Different Face” of Poverty

While Laos has been the beneficiary of rapid economic growth, not all are seeing its benefits.
http://thediplomat.com/2012/11/17/laos-different-face-of-poverty/

5 NOVEMBER 2012

Laos approves Xayaburi ‘mega’ dam on Mekong

Laos has given the go-ahead to build a massive dam on the lower Mekong river, despite opposition from neighbouring countries and environmentalists
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20203072

26 OCTOBER 2012

The World Trade Organization approves  Laos  membership

The World Trade Organization (WTO) General Council, which includes representatives from all member governments, formally approved Laos’s membership at its October 26 meeting. Laos first applied for WTO membership in 1997 and, 15 years later, will be the last member of ASEAN to join the multilateral trading syste
http://cogitasia.com/laos%E2%80%99s-wto-membership-will-help-bolster-rule-of-law/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+cogitasia%2FZCwV+%28cogitASIA+Posts%29

5 OCTOBER 2012

Is the Party over in Laos ?

A crackdown on bars in northern Laos reveals deeper problems with tourism in this small, landlocked country.
http://thediplomat.com/2012/10/05/is-the-party-over-in-laos/

2 OCTOBER 2012

Land Dispute Task Force Formed

The Lao government has set up a task force to investigate a long-running dispute with villagers affected by the development of a rubber plantation by a Vietnamese company in southern Laos’s remote Sekong province.
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/laos/thateng-10022012150922.html

11 JULY 2012

Clinton visits Laos, country US pummeled with bombs during Vietnam War

Hillary Rodham Clinton became the first U.S. secretary of state to visit Laos in more than five decades, gauging whether a place the United States pummeled with bombs during the Vietnam War could evolve into a new foothold of American influence in Asia.
http://worldnews.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2012/07/11/12682531-clinton-visits-laos-country-us-pummeled-with-bombs-during-vietnam-war?lite
http://www.france24.com/en/20120711-hillary-clinton-visits-laos-vietnam-war-united-states-secretary-of-state-asia

6 JULY 2012

Vietnam Joins Cambodia on Xayaburi Opposition

Cambodia and Vietnam will jointly urge Laos to suspend the controversial Xayaburi dam, a Cambodian official said Tuesday, following reports that the project’s construction is moving ahead despite government pledges to wait for further study.
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/laos/xayaburi-07062012163933.html

27 JUNE 2012

Laos holds first gay pride event despite taboo

Laos has held its first ever gay pride event in what supporters hope is a sign of softening social values in the small communist country.
http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20120627-355815.html

Xayaburi Construction Moves Ahead

Work on the Mekong dam in northern Laos has gone beyond preliminary preparations, an environmental group says.
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/laos/xayaburi-06272012193544.html

10 MAY 2012

Xayaburi Dam Construction Suspended

Laos has suspended construction on the controversial Xayaburi dam on the Mekong River following an uproar from neighboring Cambodia and environmental groups, a senior Lao government official said Wednesday
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/laos/xayaburi-05092012154022.html

2 MAI 2012

Laos closes in on WTO

After almost a decade of major economic transformation, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic is on the brink of World Trade Organization (WTO) membership. The small country’s Herculean effort to join the exclusive trade club is a reminder to the 10 other least-developed countries (LDCs) now seeking membership of the cumbersome process involved
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/NE02Ae01.html

21 FEBRUARY 2012

Off the air in Laos
Amid an unprecedented flurry of public debate and critique of government policies and actions, Lao authorities abruptly canceled a popular call-in radio program in late January without any public explanation
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/NB22Ae01.html

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 1st April in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 1st APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on April 1, 2019

1901: At the Malacanang Palace, Aguildano who has been captured, swears on oath accepting the authority of the USA over the Philippines
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1051/today-in-philippine-history-april-1-1901-emilio-aguinaldo-volunteered-to-swear-his-allegiance-to-the-united-states

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3_VPUKf90Nw&feature=related

1928: Chiang Kai-shek’s army crosses the Yangzijiang to conquer northern China

1944: Japanese troops conquer Jessima, East-India, start of an offensive on Indian territory
http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=19..290311.mar11

1944: Beginning of a two months failed siege of Kohima (Burma) by the Japanese

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_kohima_1944.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9uD5Ipwegw

1945: Americans start to invade Okinawa (Ryukyu)


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-troops-land-on-okinawa
http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-okinawa
http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-okinawa-operation-iceberg.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nC06s_1Kt4Q

1949: After three years of fighting, the Communist Party of China helds unsuccessful peace talks with Kuomintang

1968: North Vietnamese declare that they are ready to meet US representatives on the possibility to stop fighting. Proposition accepted by President Lyndon Johnson

1970: France calls for global negotiations on Indochina

1971: During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the Pakistan Army massacre over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jinjira_massacre

1975: In Cambodia, end for president Lon Nol regime who flees to Indonesia
http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow/history/end.html

Lon Nol exile

2001: An EP-3E United States Navy plane collides with a Chinese fighter jet which pilot is killed. The American crew makes an emergency landing on Hainan Island and detained  eleven days by the Chinese authorities

http://www.historycommons.org/timeline.jsp?us_military_specific_cases_and_issues=us_military_tmln_spy_plane_crash_in_china&timeline=us_military_tmln 

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30946.pdf

2007: In Nepal, following an agreement that put an end to ten years of civil war and five communist leaders join the temporary government

2010: Hamid Karzai, the president of Afghanistan, delivers an extraordinarily harsh criticism of the Western governments fighting in his country, the United Nations and the Anglo-American press, accusing them of perpetrating the fraud that denied him an outright victory in last summer’s presidential elections
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/02/world/asia/02afghan.html?ref=asia

2011: At least twelve people are killed at a United Nations operational centre in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif when protest against the burning of the Quran turned violent. The attack appears to be the deadliest against the UN in the country since the 2001 invasion
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/04/201141152010414184.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12940014

2014: China will neither accept nor participate in international arbitration unilaterally pushed forward by the Philippines on the South China Sea disputes, said a commentary published by the state-run People’s Daily

On 1st April in South Asian history

ON 1st APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 1, 2019

1856: Birth of Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician who discovered the bubonic plague and died in 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacio_Gabriel_Viegas

1889: Birth of Indian Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, founder of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) who died on June 21, 1940
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._B._Hedgewar
http://samvada.org/2012/news/remembering-rss-founder-dr-kb-hedgewar-on-his-123th-birthday-on-yugadi/

Keshav Baliram Hedgewar

1936: Orissa Formerly known as Kalinga or Utkal becomes a state in India
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/1-april-1936-the-state-of-odisha-was-established

1936: Birth of Abdul Qadeer Khan, Pakistani nuclear scientist who headed Pakistan’s nuclear program
http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/pakistan/khan.htm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3343621.stm

1944: Japanese troops conquer Jessima, East-India, start of an offensive on Indian territory
http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=19..290311.mar11

1950 : Establishment of diplomatic relations between China and India

1955: Birth of Humayun Akhtar Khan, Pakistani stateman
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humayun_Akhtar_Khan

1971: During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the Pakistan Army massacre over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jinjira_massacre

2001: The Dalai Lama begins a visit to Taiwan despite the opposition of Beijing
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1252478.stm

2001-04-01 Dalai Lama & Lu

2007: In Nepal, following an agreement that put an end to ten years of civil war and five communist leaders join the temporary government

2009: Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai is urged by the UN and Western aid agencies to abolish a new law that they say legalizes rape within marriage
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7977293.stm

2010: Hamid Karzai, the president of Afghanistan, delivers an extraordinarily harsh criticism of the Western governments fighting in his country, the United Nations and the Anglo-American press, accusing them of perpetrating the fraud that denied him an outright victory in last summer’s presidential elections
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/02/world/asia/02afghan.html?ref=asia

2011: Afghan officials said at least twelve people have been killed at a United Nations operational centre in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif when protest against the burning of the Quran turned violent. The attack appears to be the deadliest against the UN in the country since the 2001 invasion
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/04/201141152010414184.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-12940014

 

On 1st April in Southeast Asian history

1946-04-01 Malayan Union foundation

ON 1st APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 1, 2019

1851: King Mongkut acceeds to the Siamese throne, crowned on May 15
https://searchinginhistory.blogspot.fr/2014/12/mongkut-modernizing-king-of-siam.html
http://tudtu.tripod.com/rama4.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHJoQFuBs6o

1867: The Straits Settlement (Singapore, Penang and Malacca) become British Crown colony
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Straits_Settlements

1901: At the Malacanang Palace, Aguildano who has been captured, swears on oath accepting the authority of the USA over the Philippines
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1051/today-in-philippine-history-april-1-1901-emilio-aguinaldo-volunteered-to-swear-his-allegiance-to-the-united-states

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3_VPUKf90Nw&feature=related

1914: Birth Lor Tok, Thai comedian and actor, who died April 29, 2002
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lor_Tok

1929: Birth of Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai cartoonist, animator, film director and teacher
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payut_Ngaokrachang

Payut Ngaokrachang

1944: Beginning of a two months failed siege of Kohima (Burma) by the Japanese
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_kohima_1944.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9uD5Ipwegw

1946: Birth of the Malayan Union, but Singapore continues to be a British
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/history/events/e8db672a-3571-4fa3-9df0-220e83ee2a88
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19460402-1.2.19.aspx
http://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/viewFile/27008/16492

1946-04-01 Malayan Union foundation

1963: General Ne Win launches an amnesty offer to all the rebel groups

1963: Birth of Teddy Diaz, Filipino rock guitarist (The Dawn), who was killed on August 21, 1988
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teodoro_de_Villa_Diaz

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OxqiViiUk3A

1963: In Laos, neutralist Foreign Minister Quinim Pholsena is assassinated in Vientiane
http://www.foia.cia.gov/sites/default/files/document_conversions/89801/DOC_0000598464.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinim_Pholsena

1967: Under an US bombing, death of Đặng Văn Ngữ, Vietnamese physician, born on April 4, 1910
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/%C4%90%E1%BA%B7ng_V%C4%83n_Ng%E1%BB%AF

1968: North Vietnamese declare that they are ready to meet US representatives on the possibility to stop fighting. Proposition accepted by President Lyndon Johnson

1970: France calls for global negotiations on Indochina

1975: In Cambodia, end for president Lon Nol who flees to Indonesia
http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow/history/end.html

Lon Nol exile

1981: Death of Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader, born on January 21, 1910
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eua_Sunthornsanan

2001: Death of Trinh Cong Son, Vietnamese composer, born on 28 February 1939
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/1260527.stm
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/trinh-cong-son-mn0001239837
http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=Trinh+Cong+Son&mid=8523B5B10FEEFFE547638523B5B10FEEFFE54763&FORM=LKVR#

Trinh Cong Son

2006: Death of In Tam, Cambodian general and politician, 26th short time Prime Minister of Cambodia in 1973, born on September 22, 1922
http://ki-media.blogspot.fr/2006/04/obituary-in-tam-lon-nol-era-leader.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_Tam

2008: Pakatan Rakyat or PR (English: People’s Alliance) is established. The political coalition comprises a group of Malaysian political parties, namely, the People’s Justice Party (PKR), Democratic Action Party (DAP), and Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), who collectively worked together as the Barisan Rakyat (or People’s Front) during the 12th Malaysian general election in 2008
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakatan_Rakyat

2012: Myanmar’s opposition claims a historic victory for pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in her first bid for a seat in parliament
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/04/20124113414427185.html

2013: In Myanmar, private dailies, forced to shut down following a military coup in 1964 are again allowed
http://www.euronews.com/2013/04/01/private-newspapers-return-to-myanmar/

2014: China will neither accept nor participate in international arbitration unilaterally pushed forward by the Philippines on the South China Sea disputes, said a commentary published by the state-run People’s Daily

2015: Thailand’s ruling junta lifts martial law imposed just before a coup 10 months ago, but it invokes a security clause in the country’s interim constitution that will mean the military will retain broad powers
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-thailand-politics-martiallaw/thai-junta-lifts-martial-law-but-retains-broad-powers-idUSKBN0MS4NI20150401

On 1st April in Japan’s history

ON 1 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Japan’s history »

Updated on April 1, 2019

1220: Birth of Go-Saga, 88th emperor of Japan (1242-1246) who died on 17th March 1272
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Go-Saga

1637: Death of Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord, born on 11 May 1571
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Niwa_Nagashige

1793: In Japan, the volcano Unsen erupts killing about 53,000

1920: Birth of Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor who died on 24 December 1997
http://www.atimes.com/article/toshiro-mifune-documentary-opens-new-york/
http://www.toshiromifune.org/biography/index.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EjMi4XD2bL8

1944: Japanese troops conquer Jessima, East-India, first step of operations in India
http://e-pao.net/GP.asp?src=19..290311.mar11

1944: Beginning of a two months failed siege of Kohima (Burma) by the Japanese
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_kohima_1944.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9uD5Ipwegw

1945: Americans start to invade Okinawa (Ryukyu)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/us-troops-land-on-Okinawa
http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-okinawa
http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-okinawa-operation-iceberg.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nC06s_1Kt4Q

1980: Birth of Yūko Takeuchi, Japanese actress
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0847624/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y%C5%ABko_Takeuchi

1986: Birth of Shunichi Miyamoto, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shunichi_Miyamoto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FMbDXYzCNs

1993: Birth of Keito Okamoto, Japanese Singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keito_Okamoto
http://www.crunchyroll.com/group/Keito_Okamoto_love
http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=Keito+Okamoto&mid=50DA0350D842AB414F2750DA0350D842AB414F27&FORM=LKVR16#

 

On 1st April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 1st APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 1, 2019

325: Crown Prince Jin Chengdi, age 4, succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Cheng_of_Jin

528: The daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei was made the « Emperor » as a male heir of the late emperor by Empress Dowager Hu but deposed and replaced by Yuan Zhao the next day. She was the first female monarch in the History of China, but not widely recognised
http://www.snipview.com/q/Daughter%20of%20Emperor%20Xiaoming%20of%20Northern%20Wei

1085: Death of Shenzong, the sixth emperor (1067-1085) of the Chinese Song dynasty, born on 25 May 1048
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Shenzong_of_Song_China

1927: Chiang Kai-shek decides to launch the anti-communist « party purge »

1928: Chiang Kai-shek’s army crosses the Yangzijiang to conquer northern China

1949: After three years of fighting, the Communist Party of China helds unsuccessful peace talks with Kuomintang

1950 : Establishment of diplomatic relations between China and India

1955: Death of Lin Huiyin, Chinese female architect and writer, born on June 6, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lin_Huiyin

1969: Opening of the IXth congress of the Chinese Communist Party, up to March 24

1981: Birth of Aimee Chan, Miss Hong Kong 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aimee_Chan
http://www.alivenotdead.com/aimeechan

2001: An EP-3E United States Navy plane collides with a Chinese fighter jet which pilot is killed. The American crew makes an emergency landing on Hainan Island and detained  eleven days by the Chinese authorities
http://www.historycommons.org/timeline.jsp?us_military_specific_cases_and_issues=us_military_tmln_spy_plane_crash_in_china&timeline=us_military_tmln
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30946.pdf

2001: The Dalai Lama begins a visit to Taiwan despite the opposition of Beijing
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1252478.stm

2001-04-01 Dalai Lama & Lu

2003: Death of Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong actor and singer, born on September 12, 1956
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leslie_Cheung
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0002000/
http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=Leslie+Cheung&sk=&sc=1-13&mid=AA6CF743A98BA18CF7F2AA6CF743A98BA18CF7F2&FORM=LKVR8#

2009: China and France agree to restore high-level contacts, ending a rift that began after French President Nicolas Sarkozy met the Dalai Lama last year
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7976396.stm

2012: Thousands of Hong Kong people stage a noisy protest against the city’s incoming government chief and decried Beijing’s alleged interference in the city’s recent leadership election

2014: China will neither accept nor participate in international arbitration unilaterally pushed forward by the Philippines on the South China Sea disputes, said a commentary published by the state-run People’s Daily