Daily Archives: 21 mars 2019

On 21 March in Asian history

ON 21 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on March 21, 2019

927: Birth of Zhao Kuangyin who will be first Song dynasty Emperor from 960 to 976
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Zhao_Kuangyin_(Emperor_Taizu_of_China)
http://melanconent.com/lib/knowl/history/china/song/north.html

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese feudal general, born in 1118, who established the first samourai-dominated administrative government in the history of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Kiyomori

1188: Accession to the throne of Japan  emperor Antoku
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Antoku

1851: Viêt-Nam emperor Tu Duc orders the killing of Christian priests
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2013/11/monarch-profile-emperor-tu-duc-of.html

1857: An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000

1897 : Marcela Marcelo, the Woman General of the Philippine revolution dies in the Battle of Pasong Santol (Dasmariñas), Cavite.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1471/today-in-philippine-history-march-21-1897-marcela-marcelo-died-in-the-battle-of-pasong-santol
http://pinoyfolktales.blogspot.fr/2013/01/filipino-martyr-marcela-marcelo-lugo.html

1900: Birth of Sun Yu, Chinese director who died in July 1990
http://www.gildasattic.com/sunyu.html

1913: Birth of Bismillah Khan, Indian shehnai player who died on August 21, 2006
http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-music/classical-singers/bissmillah-khan.html
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/bismillah-khan-5281.php
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-march-1913-bismillah-khan-shehnai-maestro-was-born

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro

1923: Birth of Sri Mataji Nirmala Srivasta, founder of Sahaja Yogav, who died on December 23, 2011
http://www.adishakti.org/shri_mataji.htm

1925: After six months,  Syngman Rhee is removed from office after being impeached as the President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syngman_Rhee
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Government_of_the_Republic_of_Korea

1934: A fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/1182683
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2009/03/15/national/history/fire-devastates-hakodate-dalai-lama-on-the-run-leftists-protest-narita-airport-expansion/#.Vu7iZzj5PIV

1934-03-21 Fire destroys Hakodate

1944: Birth of Hideki Ishima, Japanese guitarist
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hideki_Ishima
http://www.metal-archives.com/artists/Hideki_Ishima/530377

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TIz04XAkkpw

1945: 1st Japanese human flying bombs (Ohka) attack on US ships invading Okinawa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yokosuka_MXY7_Ohka

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksqmHTtAQyQ

1947 : The Joint United States Military Advisory Group or JUSMAG, which played a key role in suppressing the Philippine Huk rebellion in the 1950s, is set up.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1027/today-in-philippine-history-march-21-1947-jusmag-was-organized
http://defenseph.net/drp/index.php?topic=277.0

1954: Birth of General Prayut Chan o cha, prime minister of Thailand
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27526495
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prayut_Chan-o-cha

1955: In Vietnam, the buddhist sects present President Ngo Dinh Diem an ultimatum demanding the formation of a National Union government

1956: In Laos, Prince Souvanna Phouma is named Prime Minister, putting an end to the political crisis and joins the neutralist faction
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0846117.html

Souvanna Phouma

1959: Birth of Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobuo_Uematsu

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukaYrxItCJ8

1960: Birth of Benito de Leon, Filipino military officer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_T._de_Leon

1967: North Vietnam rejects US president Johnson overture
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnam-rejects-johnson-overture

1968: Birth of Shin Seung Hun, South Korean ballad singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shin_Seung_Hun

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74UuCEDNpX8

1968: In Indonesia, Suharto is officially elected President of the Republic

1972: Khmer Rouge shell Phnom Penh
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-rouge-shell-phnom-penh

1977: Indira Gandhi, Indian prime minister, resigns after she lost legislative election. End of a 21 month period of emergency while she ruled by decree
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_1977
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ghosh20p/
http://uswww.rediff.com/freedom/30rajan.htm

1977-03-21 Indira demissionne

1978: Birth of Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rani_Mukerji

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHb3OQDDFJk

1980: President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/carter-tells-u-s-athletes-of-olympic-boycott

1984: Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
http://www.navalhistory.org/2011/03/21/soviet-sub-collides-with-uss-kitty-hawk-21-march-1984

1985: In Bangladesh, General Ershad gets 94,14 % of yes in the referendum he has organized to legitimate his military regime. The opposition said the vote was rigged
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-21/news/mn-20703_1_opposition-parties
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-22/news/mn-29765_1_polling

Hussain Muhammad Ershad

1990: In China, Deng Xiaoping renounces his last official positions, chairman of the Central Military Commission

2000: Bill Clinton arrives to India. First visit of an US president since 22 years
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/gallery/bill-clintons-visit-to-india/1/3823.html#photo1

2000-03-21 Clinton

2000: In Taiwan, the Legislative Yuan (National Assembly) authorizes direct links with China from the small islands of Kinmen, Matsu et Penghu

2001: Taliban finish to blow up two giant Buddha statues in Bamiyan, Afghanistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhas_of_Bamiyan
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/19/world/taliban-explains-buddha-demolition.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-31813681

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nENvd7Zj1Qs&feature=related

2002: In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/1804710.stm

2003: Death of Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia, born in 1924
http://indonesianfamous.blogspot.com/2010/09/umar-wirahadikusumah.html

2003: Death of Shivani, Indian author, born on October 17, 1923
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivani

2004: General elections in Malaysia. The ruling coalition Barisan Nasional Le Front National wins 198 of the 219 seats, of which 109 for Umno
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_general_election,_2004

2006: In Laos, Choummaly Sayasone, 70, a retired general, replaces Khamtay Siphandone as leader of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party
http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/90851/7411513.html

Choummaly Sayasone 3

2009: Bangladesh says it will disband the country’s border force and raise a new paramilitary unit to replace it
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/20093211532659351.html

2011: The ruling communist party of Laos reelects its incumbent leader to a new five-year term. The 9th Party Congress unanimously approved Choummaly Sayasone as secretary-general of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. He was first elected to the post in 2006

2012: China’s Justice Ministry issues a requirement that new lawyers and those reapplying for licenses swear an oath of loyalty to the Communist Party, another step in a campaign to rein in lawyers who continue to challenge the political and legal systems by which the party maintains power.

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/23/world/asia/chinese-lawyers-chafe-at-new-oath-to-communist-party.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&ref=asia&adxnnlx=1332446757-sqxhpRwe8sTuwKfpANi6dA#
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Practicing-law-now-will-require-an-oath-of-allegiance-to-the-Communist-Party-24310.html

2013: The United Nations say it will for the first time establish a commission of inquiry into grave human rights violations in North Korea that may amount to crimes against humanity
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/03/2013322113345899921.html

2014: Thai court rules that general election is invalid. The vote was unconstitutional because it did not take place on the same day across the country
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-26677772
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-court-nullifies-election/1876018.html

2015: The foreign ministers of South Korea, China and Japan gather in Seoul for their first meeting in nearly three years, aimed at calming regional tensions rooted in territorial and other diplomatic disputes.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/03/asian-powers-hold-talks-year-hiatus-150321065405173.html
http://www.euronews.com/2015/03/21/china-japan-and-south-korea-meet-to-improve-frosty-relations/

2018: Maldives ex-leader Gayoom and eight others are charged with terrorism
https://www.newdelhitimes.com/maldives-former-dictator-judges-charged-with-terrorism/
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/south-asia/article/2138212/more-trouble-paradise-maldives-ex-dictator-charged-terrorism
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/34/173/1/1521605346559.html

2018: Myanmar’s President Htin Kyaw resigns ‘to take rest from duties’
https://frontiermyanmar.net/en/president-u-htin-kyaw-resigns-u-win-myint-tipped-as-replacement
http://www.dw.com/en/myanmar-president-htin-kyaw-resigns/a-43058749

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 21 March in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 21 MARCH IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on March 21, 2019

1945: 1st Japanese human flying bombs (Ohka) attack on US ships invading Okinawa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yokosuka_MXY7_Ohka

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksqmHTtAQyQ

1947 : The Joint United States Military Advisory Group or JUSMAG, which played a key role in suppressing the Philippine Huk rebellion in the 1950s, is set up
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1027/today-in-philippine-history-march-21-1947-jusmag-was-organized
http://defenseph.net/drp/index.php?topic=277.0

1967: North Vietnam rejects US president Johnson overture
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnam-rejects-johnson-overture

1972: Khmer Rouge shell Phnom Penh
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-rouge-shell-phnom-penh

1980: President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/carter-tells-u-s-athletes-of-olympic-boycott

1984: Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
http://www.navalhistory.org/2011/03/21/soviet-sub-collides-with-uss-kitty-hawk-21-march-1984

2000: Bill Clinton arrives to India. First visit of an US president since 22 years
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/gallery/bill-clintons-visit-to-india/1/3823.html#photo1

2000-03-21 Clinton

2001: Taliban blow up two giant Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhas_of_Bamiyan
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/19/world/taliban-explains-buddha-demolition.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-31813681

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nENvd7Zj1Qs&feature=related

2009: Bangladesh says it will disband the country’s border force and raise a new paramilitary unit to replace it
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/20093211532659351.html

2015: The foreign ministers of South Korea, China and Japan gather in Seoul for their first meeting in nearly three years, aimed at calming regional tensions rooted in territorial and other diplomatic disputes.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/03/asian-powers-hold-talks-year-hiatus-150321065405173.html
http://www.euronews.com/2015/03/21/china-japan-and-south-korea-meet-to-improve-frosty-relations/

 

On 21 March in South Asian history

2000-03-21 Clinton

ON 21 MARCH IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on March 21, 2019

1913: Birth of Bismillah Khan, Indian shehnai player who died on August 21, 2006
http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-music/classical-singers/bissmillah-khan.html
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/bismillah-khan-5281.php
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-march-1913-bismillah-khan-shehnai-maestro-was-born

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hveeMDC6Dro

1923: Birth of Sri Mataji Nirmala Srivasta, founder of Sahaja Yogav, who died on December 23, 2011
http://www.adishakti.org/shri_mataji.htm

1977: Indira Gandhi, Indian prime minister, resigns after she lost legislative election. End of a 21 month period of emergency while she ruled by decree
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_1977
https://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ghosh20p/
http://uswww.rediff.com/freedom/30rajan.htm

1977-03-21 Indira demissionne

1978: Birth of Rani Mukherjee, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rani_Mukerji

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHb3OQDDFJk

1980: President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/carter-tells-u-s-athletes-of-olympic-boycott

1985: In Bangladesh, General Ershad gets 94,14 % of yes in the referendum he has organized to legitimate his military regime. The opposition said the vote was rigged
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-21/news/mn-20703_1_opposition-parties
http://articles.latimes.com/1985-03-22/news/mn-29765_1_polling

Hussain Muhammad Ershad

2000: Bill Clinton arrives to India. First visit of an US president since 22 years
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/gallery/bill-clintons-visit-to-india/1/3823.html#photo1

2000-03-21 Clinton

2001: Taliban blow up two giant Buddha statues in Bamyan, Afghanistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhas_of_Bamiyan
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/19/world/taliban-explains-buddha-demolition.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-31813681

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nENvd7Zj1Qs&feature=related

2002: In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/1804710.stm

2003: Death of Shivani, Indian author, born on October 17, 1923
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivani

2009: Bangladesh says it will disband the country’s border force and raise a new paramilitary unit to replace it
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2009/03/20093211532659351.html

2018: Maldives ex-leader Gayoom and eight others are charged with terrorism
https://www.newdelhitimes.com/maldives-former-dictator-judges-charged-with-terrorism/
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/south-asia/article/2138212/more-trouble-paradise-maldives-ex-dictator-charged-terrorism
https://www.chinadailyasia.com/articles/34/173/1/1521605346559.html

On 21 March in Southeast Asian history

ON 21 MARCH IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on March 21, 2019

1851: Viêt-Nam emperor Tu Duc orders the killing of Christian priests
http://madmonarchist.blogspot.fr/2013/11/monarch-profile-emperor-tu-duc-of.html

1897 : Marcela Marcelo, the Woman General of the Philippine revolution dies in the Battle of Pasong Santol (Dasmariñas), Cavite.
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1471/today-in-philippine-history-march-21-1897-marcela-marcelo-died-in-the-battle-of-pasong-santol
http://pinoyfolktales.blogspot.fr/2013/01/filipino-martyr-marcela-marcelo-lugo.html

1947 : the Joint United States Military Advisory Group or JUSMAG, which played a key role in suppressing the Philippine Huk rebellion in the 1950s, is organized
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1027/today-in-philippine-history-march-21-1947-jusmag-was-organized
http://defenseph.net/drp/index.php?topic=277.0

1955: In Vietnam, the buddhist sects present President Ngo Dinh Diem an ultimatum demanding the formation of a National Union government

1956: In Laos, Prince Souvanna Phouma is named Prime Minister, putting an end to the political crisis and joins the neutralist faction
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0846117.html

Souvanna Phouma

1960: Birth of Benito de Leon, Filipino military officer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_T._de_Leon

1967: North Vietnam rejects US president Johnson overture
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/north-vietnam-rejects-johnson-overture

1968: In Indonesia, Suharto is officially elected President of the Republic

1972: Khmer Rouge shell Phnom Penh
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-rouge-shell-phnom-penh

2003: Death of Umar Wirahadikusumah, Fourth Vice President of Indonesia, born in 1924
http://indonesianfamous.blogspot.com/2010/09/umar-wirahadikusumah.html

2004: General elections in Malaysia. The ruling coalition Barisan Nasional Le Front National wins 198 of the 219 seats, of which 109 for Umno
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_general_election,_2004

2006: In Laos, Choummaly Sayasone, 70, a retired general, replaces Khamtay Siphandone as leader of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party
http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/90851/7411513.html

Choummaly Sayasone 3

2009: In Thailand, Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva and all five cabinet ministers targeted in the two-day censure debate survive no-confidence vote

2011: The ruling communist party of Laos reelects its incumbent leader to a new five-year term. The 9th Party Congress unanimously approved Choummaly Sayasone as secretary-general of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. He was first elected to the post in 2006

2014: Thai court rules that general election is invalid. The vote was unconstitutional because it did not take place on the same day across the country
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-26677772
http://www.voanews.com/content/thai-court-nullifies-election/1876018.html

2018: Myanmar’s President Htin Kyaw resigns ‘to take rest from duties’
https://frontiermyanmar.net/en/president-u-htin-kyaw-resigns-u-win-myint-tipped-as-replacement
http://www.dw.com/en/myanmar-president-htin-kyaw-resigns/a-43058749

 

On 21 March in Japan’s history

1934-03-21 Fire destroys Hakodate

ON 21 MARCH IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on March 21, 2019

1181: Death of Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese feudal general, born in 1118, who established the first samourai-dominated administrative government in the history of Japan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taira_no_Kiyomori

1188: Accession to the throne of Japan  emperor Antoku
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Antoku

1857: An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000

1934: A fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/1182683
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2009/03/15/national/history/fire-devastates-hakodate-dalai-lama-on-the-run-leftists-protest-narita-airport-expansion/#.Vu7iZzj5PIV

1934-03-21 Fire destroys Hakodate

1944: Birth of Hideki Ishima, Japanese guitarist
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hideki_Ishima
http://www.metal-archives.com/artists/Hideki_Ishima/530377

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TIz04XAkkpw

1945: 1st Japanese human flying bombs (Ohka) attack on US ships invading Okinawa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yokosuka_MXY7_Ohka

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksqmHTtAQyQ

1959: Birth of Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobuo_Uematsu

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ukaYrxItCJ8

1984: Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
http://www.navalhistory.org/2011/03/21/soviet-sub-collides-with-uss-kitty-hawk-21-march-1984

2015: The foreign ministers of South Korea, China and Japan gather in Seoul for their first meeting in nearly three years, aimed at calming regional tensions rooted in territorial and other diplomatic disputes.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/03/asian-powers-hold-talks-year-hiatus-150321065405173.html
http://www.euronews.com/2015/03/21/china-japan-and-south-korea-meet-to-improve-frosty-relations/

On 21 March in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 21 MARCH IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on March 21, 2019

927: Birth of Zhao Kuangyin who will be first Song dynasty Emperor from 960 to 976
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Zhao_Kuangyin_(Emperor_Taizu_of_China)
http://melanconent.com/lib/knowl/history/china/song/north.html

1900: Birth of Sun Yu, Chinese director who died in July 1990
http://www.gildasattic.com/sunyu.html

1990: In China, Deng Xiaoping renounces his last official positions, chairman of the Central Military Commission

2000: In Taiwan, the Legislative Yuan (National Assembly) authorizes direct links with China from the small islands of Kinmen, Matsu et Penghu

2012: China’s Justice Ministry issues a requirement that new lawyers and those reapplying for licenses swear an oath of loyalty to the Communist Party, another step in a campaign to rein in lawyers who continue to challenge the political and legal systems by which the party maintains power.
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/23/world/asia/chinese-lawyers-chafe-at-new-oath-to-communist-party.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&ref=asia&adxnnlx=1332446757-sqxhpRwe8sTuwKfpANi6dA#
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Practicing-law-now-will-require-an-oath-of-allegiance-to-the-Communist-Party-24310.html

2015: The foreign ministers of South Korea, China and Japan gather in Seoul for their first meeting in nearly three years, aimed at calming regional tensions rooted in territorial and other diplomatic disputes.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/03/asian-powers-hold-talks-year-hiatus-150321065405173.html
http://www.euronews.com/2015/03/21/china-japan-and-south-korea-meet-to-improve-frosty-relations/