Daily Archives: 23 février 2019

On 23 February in Asian history

ON 23 FEBRUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet, type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on February 23, 2019

1100: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhezong, born in January 1076
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Zhezong_of_Song

1464: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhengtong (1435-1449) and again from 1457 to 1464 under the name of Tianshen, born on November 29, 1427
http://www.mingtombs.eu/emp/06zhengtong/zhengtong.html
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Ming/personsmingyingzong.html

1568: Almost four months after the siege of Chitod Fortress (Rajasthan) , a musket shot fired from the Mughal army of Akbar kills Jai Mal, the leader of the Rajputs. The fort will surrender the following day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Chittorgarh_(1567%E2%80%931568)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQf-m1e_Rxg

1646: Birth of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, 5th shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty
https://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Tokugawa_Tsunayoshi
http://www.sinister-designs.com/graphicarts/tsunayoshi.html

1768: In India, by the treaty of Masulipatam agreement, Hyderabad submits to British control
http://archive.is/0CV3M
https://www.britannica.com/event/Treaty-of-Masulipatam

1852: Birth of Dục Đức, Vietnamese emperor during three days and who was executed on October 6, 1883
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%E1%BB%A5c_%C4%90%E1%BB%A9c
http://trandinh.info/bio/dduc/dd_bio.html

1883 Duc Duc

1865: Death by ritual suicide of Yamanami Keisuke, Japanese samurai, born in 1833
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Yamanami_Keisuke

Yamanami Keisuke

1872: Birth of Hiragushi Denchu, Japanese sculptor who died on December 30, 1979
http://www.geidai.ac.jp/museum/exhibit/2001/denchu/denchu_en.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirakushi_Denchū

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-x9B-_ViWk

1873: Birth of Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar, who died on January 19, 1929
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liang_Qichao
http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199920082/obo-9780199920082-0136.xml
http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/special/china_1950_democratic.htm

1885: During the Sino-French War, French Army captures Dong Dang
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_%C4%90%E1%BB%93ng_%C4%90%C4%83ng_(1885)

1904: Japan forces the Korean authorities to sign the « Korea-Japanese Agreement Letter » This letter permits Japan to use any facilities, at any time, on the Korean peninsula, to further its war strategies

1907: Birth of Lee Hyo-seok, South Korean author and poet who died on May 25, 1942
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee_Hyo-seok

Lee Hyo-seok

1923: Birth of Vietnamese General Nguyen Chanh Thi, who died on June 23, 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguyen_Chanh_Thi

Nguyen Chanh Thi

1933: Japan starts invasion of China, north of the Great Wall

1942: A Japanese submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California
http://www.independent.com/news/2012/mar/20/ellwood-bombing/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Ellwood

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4u15zyjOa-A

1944: End of the Battle od Eniwetok Atoll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Eniwetok
http://life.time.com/history/world-war-ii-rare-and-classic-photos-from-eniwetok-atoll/#1
http://www.stamfordhistory.org/ww2_eniwetok.htm

1945: US Flag is rised on Iwo Jama
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/23/newsid_3564000/3564547.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marines-raise-the-flag-on-mt-suribachi
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/02/22/opinion/ben-ghiat-iwo-jima-anniversary/index.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHe9gCgQsos

1945: US Forces, under general Mac Arthur, enter in Manila (Philippines), starting a devastating intramurros battle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_for_the_Liberation_of_Manila

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDx2dvTYizk&feature=related

1945: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_at_Los_Ba%C3%B1os
http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-liberating-los-banos-internment-camp.htm

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahvsgoMozZA

1946: General Tomoyuki Yamashita, born on November 8, 1885, « The Tiger of Malaya » is hanged
http://www.world-war-2.info/figures/tomoyuki-yamashita.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-H6HxpbZijw

1951: Death of Chinese famous educator Zhang Boling, born on April 5, 1876
http://bdcconline.net/en/stories/zhang-boling
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Boling

1952: The cabinet of Premier Sukiman Wirjosandjojo resigns in protest against the Indonesian foreign minister secretly accepted Mutual Security Aid offer from the United States

1953: Birth of Kenny Bee, Hong Kong singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenny_Bee

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gCXD1gyrD8s

1955: Conference of Bangkok establishing the South East AsiaTreaty Organization (Seato)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-council-meeting-of-seato

1960: Birth of Crown Prince Naruhito
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naruhito,_Crown_Prince_of_Japan

1969: Death of Madhubala, Indian actress, from illness, born on February 14, 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhubala
http://bollywoodpicturesgallery.com/madhubala_01.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-february-1969-madhubala-indian-actress-passed-away

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDLomdrckaM

1971: Birth of Jeong Chan, South Korean actor
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Jeong_Chan.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ru0bO5CRlWE

1976: First summit of the five heads of state or of government of Asean countries in Bali
https://cil.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/formidable/18/1976-Joint-Communique-The-First-ASEAN-Heads-of-Government-Meeting.pdf
http://www.icnl.org/research/library/files/Transnational/1976Declaration.pdf

1982: Birth of Karan Singh Grover, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karan_Singh_Grover

1983: Birth of Aziz Ansari, Indian American comedian
http://www.comedycentral.com/comedians/browse/a/aziz_ansari.jhtml

1986: Birth of Kazuya Kamenashi, Japanese idol
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazuya_Kamenashi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3OsxPfYbRno

1991: In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d’état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunthorn_Kongsompong

Sunthorn Kongsompong

2004: In Beijing, second round of talks in the Six-countries Conference (Koreas, China, Japan, USA, Russia) trying to put an end to the nuclear crisis in North Korea). No agreement reached

2004: Death of Vijay Anand, Indian film director, born on January 22, 1034
http://www.theguardian.com/news/2004/mar/09/guardianobituaries.film

2004: Death of Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (India), born on August 24, 1918
http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/2004/01-15Apr04-Print-Edition/011504200486.htm

2010: Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court refuses to order the release of detained opposition leader and former army chief Sarath Fonseka

2011 : Death of Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader who founded Sahaja Yoga
http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nytimes/obituary.aspx?pid=150251414
http://shrimataji.org/site/life/shri-mataji-family/sir-c.p.-srivastava.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1R0bncg6C_w

2012: Envoys from the United States and North Korea meet in Beijing for their first talks on dismantling Pyongyang’s nuclear programme since the death of Kim Jong-il
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/24/world/asia/us-and-north-korean-officials-meet-for-talks-in-china.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/02/201222354626464321.html

2013: Death of Lotika Sarkar, Indian feminist lawyer and academic, born on January 4, 1923
http://www.legallyindia.com/Legal-opinions/lotika-sarkar-obituary
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotika_Sarkar

2015: Japan’s crown prince warns of the need to remember World War II « correctly », in a rare foray into an ideological debate as nationalist politicians seek to downplay the country’s historic crimes
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2964845/Japan-crown-prince-warns-correct-history.html
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/23/japanese-crown-prince-says-country-must-not-rewrite-history-of-ww2
http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/2/23/japan-prince-history.html

 

Holidays and observances

National Day of Brunei

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 23 February in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 23 FEBRUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on February 23, 2019

1568: Almost four months after the siege of Chitod Fortress (Rajasthan) , a musket shot fired from the Mughal army of Akbar kills Jai Mal, the leader of the Rajputs. The fort will surrender the following day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Chittorgarh

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQf-m1e_Rxg

1768: In India, by the treaty of Masulipatam agreement, Hyderabad submits to British control
http://archive.is/0CV3M

1885: During the Sino-French War, French Army captures Dong Dang
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_%C4%90%E1%BB%93ng_%C4%90%C4%83ng_(1885)

1904: Japan forces the Korean authorities to sign the « Korea-Japanese Agreement Letter » This letter permits Japan to use any facilities, at any time, on the Korean peninsula, to further its war strategies

1933: Japan starts invasion of China, north of the Great Wall

1942: A Japanese submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California
http://www.independent.com/news/2012/mar/20/ellwood-bombing/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Ellwood

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4u15zyjOa-A

1944: End of the Battle od Eniwetok Atoll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Eniwetok
http://life.time.com/history/world-war-ii-rare-and-classic-photos-from-eniwetok-atoll/#1
http://www.stamfordhistory.org/ww2_eniwetok.htm

 1945: US Flag is rised on Iwo Jama
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/23/newsid_3564000/3564547.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marines-raise-the-flag-on-mt-suribachi
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/02/22/opinion/ben-ghiat-iwo-jima-anniversary/index.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHe9gCgQsos

1945: US Forces, under general Mac Arthur, enter in Manila (Philippines), starting a devastating intramurros battle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_for_the_Liberation_of_Manila

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDx2dvTYizk&feature=related

1945: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_at_Los_Ba%C3%B1os
http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-liberating-los-banos-internment-camp.htm

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahvsgoMozZA

1946: General Tomoyuki Yamashita, born on November 8, 1885, « The Tiger of Malaya » is hanged
http://www.world-war-2.info/figures/tomoyuki-yamashita.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-H6HxpbZijw

1952: The cabinet of Premier Sukiman Wirjosandjojo resigns in protest against the Indonesian foreign minister secretly accepted Mutual Security Aid offer from the United States

1955: Conference of Bangkok establishing the South East AsiaTreaty Organization (Seato)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-council-meeting-of-seato

1991: In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d’état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunthorn_Kongsompong

Sunthorn Kongsompong

2004: In Beijing, second round of talks in the Six-countries Conference (Koreas, China, Japan, USA, Russia) trying to put an end to the nuclear crisis in North Korea). No agreement reached

2012: Envoys from the United States and North Korea have met in Beijing for their first talks on dismantling Pyongyang’s nuclear programme since the death of Kim Jong-il
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/24/world/asia/us-and-north-korean-officials-meet-for-talks-in-china.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/02/201222354626464321.html

On 23 February in South Asian history

ON 23 FEBRUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on February 23, 2019

1568: Almost four months after the siege of Chitod Fortress (Rajasthan) , a musket shot fired from the Mughal army of Akbar kills Jai Mal, the leader of the Rajputs. The fort will surrender the following day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Chittorgarh

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQf-m1e_Rxg

1768: In India, by the treaty of Masulipatam agreement, Hyderabad submits to British control
http://archive.is/0CV3M

1969: Death of Madhubala, Indian actress, from illness, born on February 14, 1933
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhubala
http://bollywoodpicturesgallery.com/madhubala_01.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/23-february-1969-madhubala-indian-actress-passed-away

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDLomdrckaM

1982: Birth of Karan Singh Grover, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karan_Singh_Grover

1983: Birth of Aziz Ansari, Indian American comedian
http://www.comedycentral.com/comedians/browse/a/aziz_ansari.jhtml

2004: Death of Vijay Anand, Indian film director, born on January 22, 1034
http://www.theguardian.com/news/2004/mar/09/guardianobituaries.film
http://www.indolink.com/displayArticleS.php?id=022204113616

2004: Death of Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (India), born on August 24, 1918
http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/2004/01-15Apr04-Print-Edition/011504200486.htm

2010: Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court refuses to order the release of detained opposition leader and former army chief Sarath Fonseka
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20100223-200494.html

2011 : Death of Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader who founded Sahaja Yoga
http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nytimes/obituary.aspx?pid=150251414
http://shrimataji.org/site/life/shri-mataji-family/sir-c.p.-srivastava.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1R0bncg6C_w

2013: Death of Lotika Sarkar, Indian feminist lawyer and academic, born on January 4, 1923
http://www.legallyindia.com/Legal-opinions/lotika-sarkar-obituary
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotika_Sarkar

On 23 February in Southeast Asian history

ON 23 FEBRUARY IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on February 23, 2019

1852: Birth of Dục Đức, Vietnamese emperor during three days and who was executed on October 6, 1883
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%E1%BB%A5c_%C4%90%E1%BB%A9c
http://trandinh.info/bio/dduc/dd_bio.html

1883 Duc Duc

1885: During the Sino-French War, French Army captures Dong Dang
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_%C4%90%E1%BB%93ng_%C4%90%C4%83ng_(1885)

1923: Birth of General Nguyen Chanh Thi, who died on June 23, 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguyen_Chanh_Thi

Nguyen Chanh Thi

1945: US Forces, under general Mac Arthur, enter in Manila (Philippines), starting a devastating intramurros battle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_for_the_Liberation_of_Manila

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDx2dvTYizk&feature=related

1945: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_at_Los_Ba%C3%B1os
http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-liberating-los-banos-internment-camp.htm

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahvsgoMozZA

1952: The cabinet of Premier Sukiman Wirjosandjojo resigns in protest against the Indonesian foreign minister secretly accepted Mutual Security Aid offer from the United States

1955: Conference of Bangkok establishing the South East AsiaTreaty Organization (Seato)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-council-meeting-of-seato

1976: First summit of the five heads of state or of government of Asean countries in Bali
https://cil.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/formidable/18/1976-Joint-Communique-The-First-ASEAN-Heads-of-Government-Meeting.pdf
http://www.icnl.org/research/library/files/Transnational/1976Declaration.pdf

1991: In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d’état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunthorn_Kongsompong

Sunthorn Kongsompong

2012: Former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo has pleaded not guilty to an electoral fraud charge at the opening of a landmark trial
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/02/201222311129150864.html

 

Holidays and observances

National Day of Brunei

On 23 February in Japan’s history

ON 23 FEBRUARY IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on February 23, 2019

1646: Birth of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, 5th shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty
https://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Tokugawa_Tsunayoshi
http://www.sinister-designs.com/graphicarts/tsunayoshi.html

1865: Death by ritual suicide of Yamanami Keisuke, Japanese samurai, born in 1833
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Yamanami_Keisuke

Yamanami Keisuke

1872: Birth of Hiragushi Denchu, Japanese sculptor who died on December 30, 1979
http://www.geidai.ac.jp/museum/exhibit/2001/denchu/denchu_en.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirakushi_Dench%C5%AB

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-x9B-_ViWk

1904: Japan forces the Korean authorities to sign the « Korea-Japanese Agreement Letter » This letter permits Japan to use any facilities, at any time, on the Korean peninsula, to further its war strategies

1933: Japan starts invasion of China, north of the Great Wall

1942: A Japanese submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California
http://www.independent.com/news/2012/mar/20/ellwood-bombing/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardment_of_Ellwood

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4u15zyjOa-A

1944: End of the Battle od Eniwetok Atoll
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Eniwetok
http://life.time.com/history/world-war-ii-rare-and-classic-photos-from-eniwetok-atoll/#1
http://www.stamfordhistory.org/ww2_eniwetok.htm

1945: US Flag is rised on Iwo Jama
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/23/newsid_3564000/3564547.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marines-raise-the-flag-on-mt-suribachi
http://edition.cnn.com/2015/02/22/opinion/ben-ghiat-iwo-jima-anniversary/index.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHe9gCgQsos

1945: US Forces, under general Mac Arthur, enter in Manila (Philippines), starting a devastating intramurros battle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_for_the_Liberation_of_Manila

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDx2dvTYizk&feature=related

1945: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raid_at_Los_Ba%C3%B1os
http://www.historynet.com/world-war-ii-liberating-los-banos-internment-camp.htm

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahvsgoMozZA

1946: General Tomoyuki Yamashita, born on November 8, 1885, « The Tiger of Malaya » is hanged
http://www.world-war-2.info/figures/tomoyuki-yamashita.php

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-H6HxpbZijw

1960: Birth of Crown Prince Naruhito
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naruhito,_Crown_Prince_of_Japan

1986: Birth of Kazuya Kamenashi, Japanese idol
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazuya_Kamenashi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3OsxPfYbRno

2015: Japan’s crown prince warns of the need to remember World War II « correctly », in a rare foray into an ideological debate as nationalist politicians seek to downplay the country’s historic crimes
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2964845/Japan-crown-prince-warns-correct-history.html
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/23/japanese-crown-prince-says-country-must-not-rewrite-history-of-ww2
http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/2/23/japan-prince-history.html

On 23 February in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 23 FEBRUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on February 23, 2019

1100: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhezong, born in January 1076
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Zhezong_of_Song

1464: Death of Chinese Emperor Zhengtong (1435-1449) and again from 1457 to 1464 under the name of Tianshen, born on November 29, 1427
http://www.mingtombs.eu/emp/06zhengtong/zhengtong.html
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Ming/personsmingyingzong.html

1873: Birth of Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar, who died on January 19, 1929
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liang_Qichao
http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199920082/obo-9780199920082-0136.xml
http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/special/china_1950_democratic.htm

1885: During the Sino-French War, French Army captures Dong Dang

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_%C4%90%E1%BB%93ng_%C4%90%C4%83ng_(1885)

1933: Japan starts invasion of China, north of the Great Wall

1951: Death of Chinese famous educator Zhang Boling, born on April 5, 1876
http://bdcconline.net/en/stories/zhang-boling
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Boling

1953: Birth of Kenny Bee, Hong Kong singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenny_Bee

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gCXD1gyrD8s

2004: In Beijing, second round of talks in the Six-countries Conference (Koreas, China, Japan, USA, Russia) trying to put an end to the nuclear crisis in North Korea). No agreement reached

2012: Envoys from the United States and North Korea meet in Beijing for their first talks on dismantling Pyongyang’s nuclear programme since the death of Kim Jong-il

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/24/world/asia/us-and-north-korean-officials-meet-for-talks-in-china.html?_r=1&ref=asia

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/02/201222354626464321.html