Daily Archives: 9 octobre 2018

On 9 October in Asian history

YES

ON 9 OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history

Updated on October 9, 2018

1446: The Hangul alphabet is published in Korea. Before the Korean were writing in Chinese
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangul_Day

1594: The Portuguese army is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_of_Danture

1597: Death of Ashikaga Yoshiaki, the last shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate
http://samurai-archives.com/yoshiaki.html

1740: Within Batavia, 5,000 Chinese are massacred by the Dutch and the following year, Chinese inhabitants will be moved to Glodok outside the city walls

1793: Death of Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary in China from 1750 to his death, born on February 8, 1718
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Joseph_Marie_Amiot

1799: Death of Mgr Pigneau de Behaine (Qui Nhon), French Catholic priest best known for his role in assisting Nguyen Anh (later Emperor Gia Long) to establish the Nguyen dynasty in Vietnam after the Tay Son rebellion, born on November 2, 1741
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pigneau_de_Behaine
http://countrystudies.us/vietnam/13.htm

1835: A Royal College is established in Colombo, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) with the name Hillstreet Academy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_College,_Colombo

1858: Treaty of Amity and Commerce between France and Japan
http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/9746512

1877: Birth of Gopabandhu Das, Indian journalist, poet, and activist who died on June 17, 1928
http://www.poemhunter.com/gopabandhu-das/biography/

1942: The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army’s 4th Infantry Regiment
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actions_along_the_Matanikau

1945: Kijuro Shidehara becomes the 44th Japanese Prime Minister up to May 1946
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=24204552

Kijuro Shidehara

1945: Birth of Amjad Ali Khan, Indian sarod player
http://www.sarod.com/about.html

1947: Japanese communists collaborate with the American to make more democratic the empire political system

1949: Indian Territorial Army is established
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/9th-october-1949-the-territorial-army-was-established

1950: Birth of Reichi Nakaido, Japanese rock guitarist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichi_Nakaido

1950: In Korea, start of the Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goyang_Geumjeong_Cave_Massacre

1956: Birth of Lu Hsiao-fen, Taiwanese actress
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0523716/

1959: Death of Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and director of the biological warfare unit 731. Born on June 25, 1892
http://www.moreorless.net.au/killers/ishii.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shir%C5%8D_Ishii

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ycQiAcGjuY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HEbZYArIG8

1963: China rejects Indian offer of an international arbitration to solve their border dispute

1966: Hanoi and the National Liberation Front (South Vietnam communists) turn down a British peace plan proposed by George Brown to the Labor party and the United Nations

1966: During the Vietnam War, Binh Tai massacre by South Korea forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binh_Tai_massacre

1970: The pro-American Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia by General Lon Nol
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-republic-proclaimed-in-cambodia 
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/lon-nol-5993.php

1970: Birth of Park Sang-min, South Korean actor
http://star.koreandrama.org/?p=889
http://www.hancinema.net/korean_Park_Sang-min.php

1971: Japan’s emperor Hirohito visits Netherlands

1978: Birth of Rossa, Indonesian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rossa_(singer)


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NzKbG0Ny9CE

1979: Foundation of the Cambodian people Liberation National Front, including royalists and Khmer Rouge against the pro-Vietnam government
http://countrystudies.us/cambodia/74.htm

1980: Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.

Dalai Lama and John Paul 2

1983: Attempted assassination of South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan during a visit to Burma. Chun survives but the blast kills 17 of his entourage, including four ministers, and 17 others are injured
http://hlaoo1980.blogspot.fr/p/chun-doo-hwan-kang-ming-chul.html
http://thediplomat.com/2014/05/the-ghosts-of-koreas-killers/
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Rangoon_bombing#encyclopedia

1987: Death of Guru Gopinath, Indian classic dancer
http://www.narthaki.com/info/profiles/profil13.html

1991: For the first time in history, a sumo wrestling tournament is organized outside Japan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/9/newsid_2536000/2536783.stm

1995: Death of Kukrit Pramoj, PM of Thailand (1975-76), born on April 20, 1911
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-kukrit-pramoj-1577030.html
http://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/10/world/kukrit-pramoj-thai-ex-prime-minister-dies-at-84.html

http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/kukrit-pramoj.html

kukrit-pramoj

1999: Death of Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries , born on July 15,  1914
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Akhtar_Hameed_Khan

2002: India claims victory after completing a turbulent state election in Indian Kashmir which it long saw as an essential rite of passage before it could consider talks with Pakistan.
http://www.elections.in/jammu-and-kashmir/assembly-constituencies/2002-election-results.html
http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2002/10/kash-o22.html

2002: Koichi Tanaka (43), research scientist for precision equipment maker Shimadzu Corporation, wins Nobel prize. His development of methods of analyzing proteins, along with work by John Fenn of the United States and Kurt Wuethrich of Switzerland, paved the way for new drugs to tackle diseases
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2002/tanaka-facts.html
http://www.shimadzu.com/about/nobel/noblesoul/

2004: First free Presidential elections in Afghanistan after the Taliban, won by Hamid Karzai with 55,5 % of the votes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghan_presidential_election,_2004

2006: North Korea announced that it had conducted its first nuclear weapons test, drawing condemnation from around the world
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6032525.stm
http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/dprk/nuke-test.htm

YES


2006: Cambodian PM Hun Sen began a six-day official visit to Australia
http://www.embassyofcambodia.org.nz/October06/October1.htm

2006: Death of Kanshi Ram, founder of India’s Bahujan Samaj Party (1984). The party was founded promote the interests of India’s low caste Hindus, also known as dalits, or untouchables.Born on March 15, 1934

http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/kanshi-ram.html

Kanshi Ram

2006: Thailand’s king approves a post-coup Cabinet lineup, ushering in an interim government expected to rule the country for one year until the next elections are held.
 
2006: The UN Security Council officially nominated South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-Moon to be the next UN secretary-general
http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/SGE%20Res%201715.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Secretary-General_selection,_2006

2007: Japan’s Cabinet approved plans to extend economic sanctions against North Korea, despite the communist state’s agreement to disable its main nuclear complex by year’s end
 
2009: Myanmar’s military government allowed Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the leader of the country’s beleaguered democracy movement, to hold a rare meeting with foreign diplomats
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/10/world/asia/10myanmar.html?ref=asia
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/oct/09/aung-san-suu-kyi-diplomats

2009-11-04 ASSK & Campbell

2009: In Vietnam 9 activists are sentenced up to six years for hanging democracy banners and other acts against the state. Some of the activists were linked to an outlawed pro-democracy grouping called Bloc 8406.

2011: In Sri Lanka, President’s UPFA claims victory in 22 out of 23 local councils in contest marred by shootout that left three dead.
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/10/201110984854886773.html

2011: China marks 100th anniversary of revolution
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/44833714/ns/world_news-asia_pacific/t/china-marks-th-anniversary-revolution/#.W7vOe_ZuI2w

2012: North Korea says it has missiles that can hit the US mainland, in a statement two days after South Korea unveiled a missile deal with the US
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19879935

2012: In Pakistan, 15 years old Malala Yousafzai, a young activist for the right of girls to go to school, is fired in the head by Taliban but survived and is now and international idol after been operated in UK
http://www.malala-yousafzai.com/2012/10/malala-yousafzai-biography.html

2012-10-09-malala-attack

2015: Death of Ravindra Jain, Indian composer and director, born onFebruary 28, 1944
http://indianexpress.com/article/entertainment/music/music-director-ravindra-jain-passes-away/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ravindra_Jain

 

2017: An Indian court commuts the death sentences given by a lower court to 11 people after one of the many deadly riots that swept the western state of Gujarat 15 years ago in which more than 1,000 people died
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/death-sentence-for-11-in-train-burning-case-commuted-1.2102999
http://www.livemint.com/Politics/dcNf9VKC84zlq0mnxLQhPJ/Godhra-train-burning-case-Gujarat-high-court-commutes-death.html

 

Holidays and observances

Sri Lanka: Armed Forces Day

South Korea: Hangul Day celebrating the invention of hangul, the native Korean phonetic alphabet

Japan’s economy

9 OCTOBER 2018

Mekong-Japan partnership strategy agreed at Tokyo summit

The agreement, titled “Tokyo Strategy 2018,” was adopted by Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, as well as Japan, at the 10th Mekong-Japan Summit Meeting
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/japan-vows-quality-infrastructure-in-mekong-region-in-push-for-free-and-open-indo
https://japantoday.com/category/politics/japan-mekong-leaders-to-adopt-new-strategy-centering-on-connectivity

5 AUGUST 2018

Japan moves to accept more foreign workers, but hurdles remain  

31 JULY 2018

US, Japan and Australia sign infrastructure agreement to counter China’s belt and road

Australia and Japan have joined with the United States to create a scheme for investing in countries across Asia and the Pacific in an apparent attempt to counter the growing influence of China,  whose massive Belt and Road Initiative could involve as much as £760 billion of spending over the next decade
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/07/31/us-japan-australia-sign-infrastructure-agreement-counter-chinas/
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/07/31/national/politics-diplomacy/japan-u-s-australia-plan-infrastructure-push-counter-china-indo-pacific/#.W2E0m9IzY2w

17 JULY 2018

EU, Japan sign deal eliminating nearly all tariffs in one-thirds of world’s trade volume

Japan and the EU signed a sweeping free trade deal Tuesday saying they were sending a « clear message » against protectionism, as Washington puts up barriers and threatens a trade war
http://ednews.net/en/news/economy/301160-eu-japan-sign-deal-eliminating-nearly-all-tariffs-in-one-thirds-of-worlds-trade-volume
https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/diplomacy/article/2155573/japan-signs-eus-biggest-ever-trade-deal-donald-trump-puts
https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20180717/p2g/00m/0in/099000c

6 JULY 2018

Japan becomes second country after Mexico to ratify TPP-11 trade deal

Japan became the second country to ratify the revised Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal on Friday (July 6), the same day the United States imposed the first round of prohibitive tariffs on some Chinese goods in a move many fear will lead to a drawn-out trade war
https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/japan-becomes-second-country-after-mexico-to-ratify-tpp-11-trade-deal

30 JUNE 2018

Japanese rocket crashes soon after liftoff

A rocket developed by a Japanese startup company burst into flames seconds after liftoff in northern Japan. The MOMO-2 rocket, developed by Interstellar Technologies, was launched on Saturday in Taiki town on Hokkaido island. The company says it believes the rocket suffered a glitch in its main engine. The explosion caused no injuries
https://www.asiapacificstar.com/news/257590526/japanese-rocket-crashes-soon-after-liftoff
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/rocket-launch-crash-japan-explosion-six-seconds-after-lift-off-a8424611.html
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/east-asia/article/2153218/privately-developed-japanese-rocket-fails-shortly-after-lift

31 MAY 2018

Scaling back of French reactor a blow for nuke fuel reprocessing

Japan’s hopes of keeping its nuclear fuel recycling program alive faces another major obstacle with signs from France that a reactor project there will be scaled back because of swelling construction costs
http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201805310040.html

22 MAY 2018

Russia, Japan threaten to levy sanctions on US exports

Russia and Japan have threatened to impose heavy bans worth almost $1 billion combined on US exports in retaliation for Washington’s hefty duties on its metal imports
http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/05/22/562585/us-japan-russia-tariff

16 MARCH 2018

Japan’s new aid strategy builds bridges with the BRI

On 23 February 2018, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his cabinet outlined Japan’s new aid strategy and approved Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) 2017 White Paper. The Japanese government has pledged to employ Japan’s aid power for the realisation of the ‘Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy’ that was announced by Abe in August 2016
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/03/16/japans-new-aid-strategy-builds-bridges-with-the-bri/

8 MARCH 2018

Nissan in talks to buy France’s Renault stake in merger prelude

Renault SA and alliance partner Nissan Motor Co. are discussing plans for a closer tie-up in which the Japanese carmaker would acquire the bulk of the French state’s 15 percent Renault stake, people close to the matter said
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/03/08/business/corporate-business/nissan-talks-buy-frances-renault-stake-merger-prelude/#.WqF2EOjOU2x

1 MARCH 2018

In America’s absence, Japan takes the lead on free trade

Japan’s leadership in obtaining signatures on the final agreement of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), also known as TPP-11, will be a big step toward Asian regionalism without the United States
http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/03/01/in-americas-absence-japan-takes-the-lead-on-free-trade/

8 DECEMBER 2017

Japan and EU reach free trade deal

Tokyo and Brussels have agreed a free trade accord, opening up the EU to Japanese cars and Japan to European cheese. Japan’s economy meanwhile has recorderd its longest uninterrupted growth since 1994
http://www.dw.com/en/japan-and-eu-reach-free-trade-deal/a-41708191
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/12/08/national/politics-diplomacy/japan-eu-reach-final-accord-trade-pact-eye-implementation-early-2019/#.Wiq8oUriY2w
https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20171208_35/

25 SEPTEMBER 2017

In Contrast to the OBOR Fanfare, Japan Quietly Builds Friendships in Vietnam

The soft power cultivated by the Japanese, and shared dislike of China, may explain the business opportunities which have opened for Japanese companies in Vietnam
https://foreignpolicyblogs.com/2017/09/25/contrast-obor-fanfare-japan-quietly-builds-friendships-vietnam/

14 SEPTEMBER 2017

Abe, Modi launch India’s first bullet train project

India on Thursday inched closer to its dream of getting a bullet train when Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone for the country’s first high-speed rail link based on Japan’s famed shinkansen technologygy
https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/International-Relations/PM-Modi-and-Japan-s-Abe-launch-Indian-shinkansen-project?page=1
http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-narendra-modi-and-shinzo-abe-launch-bullet-train-project-10-important-statements-made-by-pm-2545514

14 AUGUST 2017

Japanese economy posts longest expansion in more than a decade

Japan’s economy expanded at the fastest pace for more than two years in the three months to June, with domestic spending accelerating as the country prepares for the 2020 Toyko Olympics and low levels of unemployment encouraged businesses to invest
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/aug/14/japanese-economy-posts-longest-expansion-in-more-than-a-decade
https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/Economy/Japan-logs-4.0-GDP-growth-for-April-June-quarter
http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201708140012.html

6 JULY 2017

EU, Japan seal free trade in signal to Trump

Japan and the European Union agreed on Thursday to a free trade pact, creating the world’s biggest open economic area and signalling resistance to what they see as U.S. President Donald Trump’s protectionist turn
http://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/International-Relations/EU-Japan-seal-free-trade-in-signal-to-Trump?page=1
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2017/07/06/eu-japan-rebuke-donald-trump-outline-free-trade-deal/
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/07/06/business/japan-eu-seal-fta-four-years-talks/#.WV5mHrpuI2w

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 9 October in Asian history

YES

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 9 OCTOBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on October 9, 2018

1594: The Portuguese army is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_of_Danture

1740: Within Batavia, 5,000 Chinese are massacred by the Dutch and the following year, Chinese inhabitants will be moved to Glodok outside the city walls

1858: Treaty of Amity and Commerce between France and Japan
http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/9746512

1942: The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army’s 4th Infantry Regiment
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actions_along_the_Matanikau

1947: Japanese communists collaborate with the American to make more democratic the empire political system

1949: Indian Territorial Army is established
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/9th-october-1949-the-territorial-army-was-established

1950: In Korea, start of the Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goyang_Geumjeong_Cave_Massacre

1959: Death of Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and director of the biological warfare unit 731. Born on June 25, 1892
http://www.moreorless.net.au/killers/ishii.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shir%C5%8D_Ishii

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ycQiAcGjuY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HEbZYArIG8

1963: China rejects Indian offer of an international arbitration to solve their border dispute

1966: Hanoi and the National Liberation Front (South Vietnam communists) turn down a British peace plan proposed by George Brown to the Labor party and the United Nations

1966: During the Vietnam War, Binh Tai massacre by South Korea forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binh_Tai_massacre

1970: The pro-American Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia by General Lon Nol
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-republic-proclaimed-in-cambodia 
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/lon-nol-5993.php

1979: Foundation of the Cambodian people Liberation National Front, including royalists and Khmer Rouge against the pro-Vietnam government
http://countrystudies.us/cambodia/74.htm

1983: Attempted assassination of South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan during a visit to Burma. Chun survives but the blast kills 17 of his entourage, including four ministers, and 17 others are injured
http://hlaoo1980.blogspot.fr/p/chun-doo-hwan-kang-ming-chul.html
http://thediplomat.com/2014/05/the-ghosts-of-koreas-killers/
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Rangoon_bombing#encyclopedia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=24_YY4heY-w

2006: North Korea announced that it had conducted its first nuclear weapons test, drawing condemnation from around the world
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6032525.stm
http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/dprk/nuke-test.htm

YES

2007: Japan’s Cabinet approved plans to extend economic sanctions against North Korea, despite the communist state’s agreement to disable its main nuclear complex by year’s end

2012: North Korea says it has missiles that can hit the US mainland, in a statement two days after South Korea unveiled a missile deal with the US.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19879935

 

Holidays and observances

Sri Lanka: Armed Forces Day

On 9 October in South Asian history

2012-10-09-malala-attack

ON 9 OCTOBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on October 9, 2018

1594: The Portuguese army is annihilated by the Kingdom of Kandy on Sri Lanka, bringing an end to the Campaign of Danture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_of_Danture

1835: A Royal College is established in Colombo, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) with the name Hillstreet Academy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_College,_Colombo

1877: Birth of Gopabandhu Das, Indian journalist, poet, and activist who died on June 17, 1928
http://www.poemhunter.com/gopabandhu-das/biography/

1945: Birth of Amjad Ali Khan, Indian sarod player
http://www.sarod.com/about.html

1949: Indian Territorial Army is established
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/9th-october-1949-the-territorial-army-was-established

1963: China rejects Indian offer of an international arbitration to solve their border dispute

1980: Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City

Dalai Lama and John Paul 2

1987: Death of Guru Gopinath, Indian classic dancer
http://www.narthaki.com/info/profiles/profil13.html

1999: Death of Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries , born on July 15,  1914
http://www.yespakistan.com/heroofthepoor.asp

2002: The Indian governement claims victory after completing a turbulent state election in Indian Kashmir which it long saw as an essential rite of passage before it could consider talks with Pakistan.
http://www.elections.in/jammu-and-kashmir/assembly-constituencies/2002-election-results.html
http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2002/10/kash-o22.html

2004: First free Presidential elections in Afghanistan after the Taliban, won by Hamid Karzai with 55,5 % of the votes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghan_presidential_election,_2004

2006: Death of Kanshi Ram, founder of India’s Bahujan Samaj Party (1984), died. The party was founded promote the interests of India’s low caste Hindus, also known as dalits, or untouchables.Born on March 15, 1934
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/kanshi-ram.html

Kanshi Ram

2011: In Sri Lanka, President’s UPFA claims victory in 22 out of 23 local councils in contest marred by shootout that left three dead.
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/10/201110984854886773.html

2012: In Pakistan, 15 years old Malala Yousafzai, a young activist for the right of girls to go to school, is fired in the head by Taliban but survived and is now an international idol after been operated in UK

http://www.malala-yousafzai.com/2012/10/malala-yousafzai-biography.html

2012-10-09-malala-attack

2015: Death of Ravindra Jain, Indian composer and director, born onFebruary 28, 1944
http://indianexpress.com/article/entertainment/music/music-director-ravindra-jain-passes-away/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ravindra_Jain

 

2017: An Indian court commuts the death sentences given by a lower court to 11 people after one of the many deadly riots that swept the western state of Gujarat 15 years ago in which more than 1,000 people died
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/death-sentence-for-11-in-train-burning-case-commuted-1.2102999
http://www.livemint.com/Politics/dcNf9VKC84zlq0mnxLQhPJ/Godhra-train-burning-case-Gujarat-high-court-commutes-death.html


Holidays and observances

Sri Lanka: Armed Forces Day

 

 

 

 

 

On 9 October in Southeast Asian history

ON 9 OCTOBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on October 9, 2018

1740: Within Batavia, 5,000 Chinese are massacred by the Dutch and the following year, Chinese inhabitants will be moved to Glodok outside the city walls

1799: Death of Mgr Pigneau de Behaine (Qui Nhon), French Catholic priest best known for his role in assisting Nguyen Anh (later Emperor Gia Long) to establish the Nguyen dynasty in Vietnam after the Tay Son rebellion, born on November 2, 1741
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pigneau_de_Behaine
http://countrystudies.us/vietnam/13.htm

1966: Hanoi and the National Liberation Front (South Vietnam communists) turn down a British peace plan proposed by George Brown to the Labor party and the United Nations

1966: During the Vietnam War, Binh Tai massacre by South Korea forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binh_Tai_massacre

1970: The pro-American Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia by General Lon Nol
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/khmer-republic-proclaimed-in-cambodia
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/lon-nol-5993.php

1978: Birth of Rossa, Indonesian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rossa_(singer)


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NzKbG0Ny9CE

1979: Foundation of the Cambodian people Liberation National Front, including royalists and Khmer Rouge against the pro-Vietnam government
http://countrystudies.us/cambodia/74.htm

1995: Death of Kukrit Pramoj, PM of Thailand (1975-76), born on April 20, 1911
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-kukrit-pramoj-1577030.html
http://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/10/world/kukrit-pramoj-thai-ex-prime-minister-dies-at-84.html

http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/kukrit-pramoj.html

kukrit-pramoj

2006: Cambodian PM Hun Sen began a six-day official visit to Australia http://www.embassyofcambodia.org.nz/October06/October1.htm
http://www.cambodiaevisa.com/australia/cambodia-embassy-in-australia/

2006: Thailand’s king approves a post-coup Cabinet lineup, ushering in an interim government expected to rule the country for one year until the next elections are held.

2009: Myanmar’s military government allowed Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the leader of the country’s beleaguered democracy movement, to hold a rare meeting with foreign diplomats
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/10/world/asia/10myanmar.html?ref=asia
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/oct/09/aung-san-suu-kyi-diplomats

2009-11-04 ASSK & Campbell

2009: In Vietnam 9 activists are sentenced up to six years for hanging democracy banners and other acts against the state. Some of the activists were linked to an outlawed pro-democracy grouping called Bloc 8406

 

 

On 9 October in Japan’s history

ON 9 OCTOBER IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on October 9, 2018

1597: Death of Ashikaga Yoshiaki, the last shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate
http://samurai-archives.com/yoshiaki.html

1858: Treaty of Amity and Commerce between France and Japan
http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/9746512

1942: The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army’s 4th Infantry Regiment
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actions_along_the_Matanikau

1945: Kijuro Shidehara becomes the 44th Japanese Prime Minister up to May 1946
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=24204552

Kijuro Shidehara

1947: Japanese communists collaborate with the American to make more democratic the empire political system

1950: Birth of Reichi Nakaido, Japanese rock guitarist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichi_Nakaido

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h_DYTjGalqY

1959: Death of Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and director of the biological warfare unit 731. Born on June 25, 1892
http://www.moreorless.net.au/killers/ishii.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shir%C5%8D_Ishii

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ycQiAcGjuY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HEbZYArIG8

1991: For the first time in history, a sumo wrestling tournament is organized outside Japan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/9/newsid_2536000/2536783.stm

2002: Koichi Tanaka (43), research scientist for precision equipment maker Shimadzu Corporation, wins Nobel prize. His development of methods of analyzing proteins, along with work by John Fenn of the United States and Kurt Wuethrich of Switzerland, paved the way for new drugs to tackle diseases
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2002/tanaka-facts.html
http://www.shimadzu.com/about/nobel/noblesoul/

2007: Japan’s Cabinet approved plans to extend economic sanctions against North Korea, despite the communist state’s agreement to disable its main nuclear complex by year’s end.

On 9 October in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 9 OCTOBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on October 9, 2018

1793: Death of Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary in China from 1750 to his death, born on February 8, 1718
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Joseph_Marie_Amiot

1956: Birth of Lu Hsiao-fen, Taiwanese actress
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0523716/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=244TtYfcGsM

1959: Death of Shirō Ishii, Japanese general and director of the biological warfare unit 731. Responsible of thousands on Chinese
http://www.moreorless.net.au/killers/ishii.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shir%C5%8D_Ishii

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ycQiAcGjuY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HEbZYArIG8

1963: China rejects Indian offer of an international arbitration to solve their border dispute

1980: Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.

Dalai Lama and John Paul 2

2011: China marks 100th anniversary of revolution
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/44833714/ns/world_news-asia_pacific/