Monthly Archives: août 2018

On 23 August in Taiwan history


Updated on August 23, 2018

1958: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People’s Liberation Army’s bombardment of Quemoy

1958-08-23 2d Detroit crisis


On 20 August in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on August 20, 2018

1883: Battle of Thuan An, a clash between the French and the Vietnamese during the period of undeclared hostilities which preceded the Sino-French War (August 1884 to April 1885

1887: Birth of Phan Khoi, Vietnamese journalist and scholar who died on January 16, 1959

1888: Birth of Tôn Đức Thắng, Vietnamese politician, 2nd President of North Vietnam who died on March 30, 1980

1899 : An agreement (Bates Treaty) is signed in Jolo between United States General John C. Bates and the Sultan of Sulu, Hadji Mohammed Jamalul Kiram II

1899-08-20 Bates Treaty

1906: Birth of Misiem Yipintsai, Thai painter and sculptor

Misiem Yipinstoi Coy girl

1939: Birth of Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor and politician who died on December 14, 2004,_Jr

1954: The USA decides to support Vietnam’s leader Ngo Dinh Diem

1971: Birth of Jonathan Ke Quan, Vietnamese American actor

1971: General Duong Van Minh and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky, fellow candidates for the October presidential election in Vietnam, accuse incumbent President Nguyen Van Thieu of rigging the election and withdraw from the race

1974: US Congress votes to reduce aid to South Vietnam from $1 Billion to $700 Million. Majority of the cuts were for military supplies

2010: Death of Dang Phong, Vietnamese historian, born in 1937

2012: In Burma, newspapers and broadcasts of political or religious nature are no more subject to prior examination. Last year, the government had already removed controls on less ideologically “sensitive” newspapers and magazines“all-media”-censorship-after-50-years-25583.html

On 15 August in Korean history


Updated on August 15, 2018

1945: Korean Liberation Day from Japan

1948: The Republic of Korea is formally established by Syngman Rhee who has been elected president on July 20


1974: Yuk Young-soo, First Lady of South Korea is killed amid an apparent assassination attempt upon President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee, during the anniversarial ceremony of the Liberation day

1981: Birth of Song Ji-hyo, South Korean actress

2000 : A group of 100 people from North Korea arrives in South Korea for temporary reunion with relatives they had not seen for half a century. Also a group of 100 South Koreans visits the North

Holidays and observances

Korea: Gwangbokjeol (Liberation Day)

Indonesian culture and history

11 AUGUST 2018

How Bill Clinton hastened Suharto’s demise

The iconic photograph of International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Michel Camdessus standing over then-President Suharto with his arms folded like a disapproving schoolteacher came to symbolize the eventual downfall of the long-serving Indonesian leader

20 APRIL 2018

Indonesians hate the Chinese, because they are Jewish

How Dutch colonial officials used anti-Semitism to fuel anti-Chinese hate. A Jew explanation

27 FEBRUARY 2018

Work has begun to excavate a cemetery in Indonesia where officials believe the remains of British and Dutch sailors were dumped

Work has begun to excavate a cemetery in Indonesia where officials believe the remains of British and Dutch sailors were dumped by scrap metal merchants who have raised sections of warships sunk during the Battle of the Java Sea

20 OCTOBER 2017

 Origins of Indonesia’s national language

 The development of the Indonesian language spanned hundreds of years, and was influenced by foreign traders from various parts of the world. Cultural factors, however, have hindered critical thinking and the establishment of a proper literacy tradition

17 OCTOBER 2017

Declassified US files reveal new details of Indonesia’s mid-60s mass killings

Declassified files have revealed new details of US government knowledge of and support for an Indonesian army extermination campaign that killed several hundred thousand civilians during anti-communist hysteria in the mid-1960s


On 7 August in Southeast Asian history


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Updated on August 7, 2019

1964: Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving US President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces

1965: First Vietnamese ambush on Thailand’s soil

1965: Signature at Kuala-Lumpur of an agreement for Singapore to leave Malaysia

1967: Vietnam War: The People’s Republic of China agrees to give North Vietnam an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of a grant

1974: Birth of Sek Loso, Thai Singer

1978: Indonesia establishes diplomatic relations with Kampuchéa

2003: Amrozi bin Nurhasyim, is sentenced to death for the Bali bomb attack

2008: Malaysia’s  opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim is formally charged with sodoming a former male aide

2008: Zarganar, one of Burma most popular comedians is charged with several offences, after he defied the military by giving aid to the victims of Cyclone Nargis

2014: Ex-Khmer Rouge leaders Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea are sentenced to life in prison

2016: Thailand’s military government wins overwhelming approval of a new constitution that aims to reduce the power of political parties and extend the influence of the military

On 5 August in Taiwan history


Updated on August 5, 2018

1884: Failed French landing at Keelung (Taiwan)

1952: The Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Japan, signed on 28 April, enters in force by the exchange of the instruments of ratification at Taipei

On 4 August in Japan’s history


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Updated on August 4, 2019

1854: The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships

1913: Sun Yat-sen and many other revolutionaries flee to Japan

1913 Sun Yat-sen et ami japonais

1917: Birth of Jun Tatara, Japanese actor, who died on September 30, 2006

1941: The Mengjiang United Autonomous Government is renamed as the Mongolian Autonomous Federation

1947: The Supreme Court of Japan is established

1952: In the Pacific Council, first meeting for the defense of Japan by USA, New-Zealand and Australia that found a standing political Council

1975: The Japanese Red Army takes more than 50 hostages at the AIA Building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The hostages included the U.S. consul and the Swedish charge d’affaires. The gunmen win the release of five imprisoned comrades and fly with them to Libya

1992: Death of Seicho Matsumoto, Japanese writer and journalist, born on December 21, 1909

 1993: Japanese government recognizes the reality of the “comfort women”

1994: Birth of Mayuko Fukuda, Japanese actress

2001: Birth of Seishiro Kato, Japanese child actor

2001: In Japan, election of 121 of the 247 seats of the Higher House. DPL wins 64  seats, Komeito 12 an New Conservative Pary 1

2004: Death of Fumio Watanabe, Japanese actor, born on October 31, 1929


On 2 August in South Asian history


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Updated on August 2, 2018

1763: In India, after the capture of Murshidabad, the British troops fight with Mir Kasim at Giria. Mir Kasim is defeated again

1858: The British parliament votes a bill deciding that the government of India is transferred from East India Company to the Crown

1876: Birth of Pingali Venkayya, Indian geologist, designer of the Flag of India, who died on July 4, 1963

1897: Anglo-Afghan War: The Siege of Malakand ends when a relief column is able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states adjacent to India’s North West Frontier Province

1913: Birth of Xavier Thaninayagam, Sri Lankan Tamil academic, who died on September 1, 1980

1935: The Government of India Act completes the January 24, 1935 British India Act

1989: Pakistan is re-admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations after having restoring democracy for the first time since 1972.

1989: Valvettiturai massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 64 ethnic Tamil civilians

2012: India has reversed its ban on foreign investment from Pakistan in a move designed to build goodwill amid a renewed push for a peace settlement between the nuclear-armed South Asian neighbours

2013: Death of V. Dakshinamoorthy, Indian singer-songwriter, born on December 8, 1919