Daily Archives: 8 avril 2018

On 8 April in Asian history

 

ON 8 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 8, 2018

563 BC: Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, is supposed to be born that day
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/buddhists-celebrate-birth-of-gautama-buddha

622: Death of Prince Shōtoku of Japan, born on February 7, 574
http://veryasian.weebly.com/prince-shotoku.html
http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/japan/shotoku.pdf

1232: During the Mongol–Jin War, The Mongols begin their siege on Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin Dynasty, up to February 26, 1233
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_siege_of_Kaifeng

1336: Birth of Talermane (Timur), central Asian Turkic conqueror, who died on 19 February 1405
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timur
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/profilesofasianleaders/p/TimurProf.htm
http://www.silk-road.com/artl/timur.shtml

1450: Death of Sejong the Great, king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea, born on May 15, 1397 http://asiasociety.org/countries/traditions/king-sejong-great

1521 : Guided by Raja Kulambu, Magellan crew enters the Cebu Harbour
https://magellanproject.org/tag/Cebu/
http://www.cartographic-images.net/Cartographic_Images/332.2_Magellans_Globe.html

1551: Death of Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord, born in 1510
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Oda_Nobuhide
http://otsuke.blogspot.fr/2007/11/nobuhides-death.html

1759: British troops chase French out of Masulipatam (India)
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1759_-_British_expedition_against_Masulipatam

1767: In now Thailand, Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders
http://www.thaiwebsites.com/ayutthaya.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayutthaya_kingdom

1857: Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy who launched the Sepoy mutiny is hanged
http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/04/08/1857-mangal-pandey-sepoy/
http://topyaps.com/17-things-know-mangal-pandey-man-fired-first-shot-1857-indian-revolt

 

1873: Dutch land troops at Banda Aceh (Now in Indonesia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aceh_War

1894: Death of Bankim Chandra Chatterji, Indian author, born on June 26, 1838
http://www.hinduhistory.info/bankim-chandra-chatterjee-1838-1894/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/8-april-1894-bankim-chandra-chattopadhyay-bengali-writer-dieda


1902: Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
http://www.chinaforeignrelations.net/node/240

1913: Opening of China’s first parliament in Beijing

1913-04-13 China 1st parliament

1924: Birth of Kumar Gandharva, Indian music director and singer, who died on January 12, 1992
http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/kumar-gandharva-5513.php
http://theory.tifr.res.in/~mukhi/Music/gandharva.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJL_b0hxEdU

1929: At Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dadutt throw handouts and bombs to court from a gallery
http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/itihas/sbsingh.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batukeshwar_Dutt

1932: Birth of Sultan Iskandar of Johor, also the 8th Yang di-Pertuan Agong or king of Malaysia (1984-1989), who died on January 22, 2010
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baginda_Almutawakkil_Alallah_Sultan_Iskandar_Al-Haj_ibni_Almarhum_Sultan_Ismail

1934: Birth of Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect who died on 12 October 2007
https://www.archdaily.com/616907/spotlight-kisho-kurokawa
http://www.kisho.co.jp/

1942: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines
http://www.pacificwar.org.au/Philippines/FallBataanCorreg.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_Bh6zoM7_I

1945: Reluctantly, under Japanese pressure, the king of Laos issues a proclamation ending the French protectorate

1946: Death of Ye Ting, general of the Chinese Red Army
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ye_Ting

1950: India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat-Nehru Pact
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A096
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liaquat%E2%80%93Nehru_Pact

1957: In Cambodia Prince Sihanouk forms a new cabinet

1968: Death of Huangmei Opera famous artist Yan Fengying, victim of the Cultural Revolution
http://english.cri.cn/6566/2009/07/23/1321s503511.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3750.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EQm6kraaPGQ

1968: End of the siege of the US base of Khe Sanh in South Vietnam after two and half days of combat at main loss
http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/battle-of-khe-sanh
http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-khe-sanh-recounting-the-battlescasualties.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=St1yhbRdiZ4

1983: Birth of Allu Argun, Indian film actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allu_Arjun

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eb0e9inkERo

1983: Death of Isamu Kosugi, Japanese actor and director, born on February 24, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isamu_Kosugi
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0467557/

1983: Birth of Allu Arjun, Indian film actor
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/allu-arjun/biography.html

1984: Long-March 3 rocket puts on orbit the first Chinese geostationary satellite

1985: After the Bhopal disaster, India files suit against Union Carbide for the disaster which killed an estimated 2,000 and injured another 200,000
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1142333/
http://www.alterinter.org/article3451.html

1986: Suicide of Yukoki Okada, Japanese idol singer, born on 22 August 1967
http://www.documentingreality.com/forum/f226/suicide-okada-yukiko-japanese-youth-yukko-syndrome-125799/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yukiko_Okada

1988: In China, Yang Shangkun succeeds Li Xiannian as president of the PRC
http://www.nndb.com/people/971/000111638/

1990: After violent protests, king Birendra of Nepal lift a 30-year ban on political parties

1990: Birth of Kim Jonghyun, South Korean singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonghyun
http://www.facebook.com/kimjonghyun

1994: After only 8 months, Morihiro Hosokawa, the first no LDP Premier of Japan, resigns under allegations that he had accepted an illegal loan in 1982
http://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/11/business/cloudy-outlook-japan-hosokawa-s-resignation-could-sidetrack-modest-recovery-that.html
http://articles.latimes.com/1994-04-09/news/mn-43907_1_foreign-minister/2
http://www.c-span.org/video/?55920-1/japanese-prime-minister-resignation

1999: Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress

2001: Unpopular Japanese Premier Yoshiro Mori resigns
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/apr/06/japan

2003: In India, after a stormy debate, the parliament condemns the US attack on Irak, demanding a prompt withdrawal of the coalition forces

2005: Indonesian president Sulilo Bambang Yudhoyono on a two-day visit to East Timor
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4427123.stm
http://www.etan.org/et2005/april/01/09ipres.htm

2007: Shintaro Ishihara is for the third time reelected as governor of Tokyo
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200704/09/eng20070409_364785.html

2008: In the Philippines, nine military officers have been sentenced to jail for taking part in a failed coup plot against president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

2008: Death of Kazuo Shiraga, Japanese painter, born August 12, 1924
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/02/arts/international/art-world-rediscovers-kazuo-shiraga.html?ref=international&_r=0
http://www.artnet.com/artists/kazuo-shiraga/biography
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Kazuo+Shiraga&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwin4tymhanaAhUFWxQKHajLA1oQ_AUICigB&biw=1280&bih=603

Kazuo Shiraga

2008: Yi So-Yeon becomes the first Korean and second Asian woman to go into space
http://www.spacefacts.de/bios/international/english/lee_so-hyun.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nxtuy3CdyiA

2010: Thailand’s prime minister declares a state of emergency in the capital and surrounding areas to give the army broader powers to gain control of escalating street protests
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/04/201047111717155731.html

2010: Sri Lanka’s ruling party has won a majority in parliament. The United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA), led by Mahinda Rajapaksa, the incumbent president, had already secured 117 seats in the 225-member assembly
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/04/20104912214028272.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8610705.stm

2010: Pakistan’s National Assembly has unanimously passed a set of constitutional reforms curbing the powers of Asif Ali Zardari, the president, and transferring them to the prime minister and parliament
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/04/20104815523247104.html

2011: Moulana Showkat Shah, a Muslim leader in Indian Kashmir, who had condemned practice of throwing stones at security forces, dies in attack outside mosque
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/04/20114891931701400.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13009558

2012: Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh welcomes Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari for « fruitful » talks in Delhi, the highest-level meeting between the rival nuclear powers in seven years
http://www.france24.com/en/20120408-india-pakistan-zardari-singh-peace-nuclear-terror

2013: Bangladesh Prime Minister says no to a law against blasphemy. Sheikh Hasina said that the country is « a secular democracy » in which « everyone has the right to practice their religion. » For days, supporters of the Islamist party have been calling for a blasphemy law that prescribes the death penalty for those who offend Muhammad and Islam
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-22058462
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Bangladesh,-Prime-Minister:-No-to-a-law-against-blasphemy-27598.html

2013: North Korea says it was withdrawing all workers and suspending operations at its joint industrial zone with South Korea — the only surviving symbol of inter-Korean cooperation
http://www.france24.com/en/20130408-north-south-korea-suspend-cooperation-kaesong-complex

2014: Millions of poor people in the Philippines will have access to free contraceptives for the first time after the nation’s top court approves a deeply controversial birth control law
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/04/philippine-court-upholds-birth-control-law-2014486117854745.html

2014: Mohagher Iqbal, a leader of the 11,000-strong Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), says that his rebel group’s new political organization, the United Bangsamoro Justice Party, would be used as a springboard to contest leadership of a more powerful Muslim autonomous region to be established in the south of the largely Catholic Philippines
http://asiancorrespondent.com/121474/filipino-rebels-form-party-as-they-end-rebell

2015: The US State Department approves Pakistan’s request for a billion dollars worth of military hardware and equipment, identifying Pakistan as a country of vital importance for US foreign policy and national interests
http://www.dawn.com/news/1174606/us-approves-billion-dollar-arms-sale-to-pakistan

2015: Taiwan president Ma Ying-jeou says that his administration will not give up the Republic of China’s territory in the South China Sea, but will continue to seek peaceful means to address the territorial disputes in the region

2017 : Korea’s flag flew in Pyongyang as the women’s football teams of both nations clashed in the first ever competitive football match between the two to be hosted by the north
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2017/04/north-south-korea-face-off-historic-football-match-pyongyang/#c8VGRwwbDz7k2QtW.97
http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2017/04/06/2017040601538.html
http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20170407000683

 

Holidays and observances

Japan: Buddha’s Birthday

South asian countries inter-relations

8 APRIL 2018

Modi rules out India’s participation in Saarc summit in Pakistan

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi conveyed to his Nepalese counterpart KP Sharma Oli India’s firm opposition to the staging of the SAARC Summit by Islamabad, given the fact that Pakistan continued to support cross-border terrorism from its territory
http://www.thedailystar.net/politics/modi-rules-out-indias-participation-south-asian-association-for-regional-cooperation-saarc-summit-pakistan-cross-border-terrorism-1559755
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1680503/9-india-hints-sabotaging-saarc-summit-scheduled-pakistan/

26 FEBRUARY 2018

Thousands relocated in Kashmir as Pakistani and Indian forces trade fire

Authorities on both sides of the disputed Kashmir region depopulate villages following heavy artillery exchange by the Pakistani and Indian armies, in the worst border skirmishes since the 2003 ceasefire
https://www.trtworld.com/asia/thousands-relocated-in-kashmir-as-pakistani-and-indian-forces-trade-fire-15493
http://www.firstpost.com/india/panicky-villagers-along-loc-in-kashmirs-uri-flee-homes-amid-heavy-shelling-pakistan-army-tells-locals-to-leave-4366891.html

23 FEBRUARY 2018

Afghan, Pakistani, Indian officials launch Turkmen natural gas pipeline

The Afghan president and Pakistani prime minister have inaugurated a 1,814 kilometer gas pipeline that will carry Turkmenistan’s natural gas to Afghanistan as well as Pakistan and India after its construction officially began on the Afghan-Turkmen border
http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/02/23/553352/Afghanistan-natural-gas-pipeline-Turkmenistan-Pakistan-India-Kabul-inauguration-President-Ashraf-Ghani
http://www.radio.gov.pk/23-02-2018/ceremony-held-in-herat-on-completion-of-turkmenistan-section-of-tapi-project

6 FEBRUARY 2018

As the political game of chess continues in Maldives, India still stuck in decision-making mode

Even as the Indian government issued its first public statement on Tuesday condemning the island nation’s government for declaring a state of emergency, it has yet to decide what role it will play in the ongoing Maldives crisis
https://thewire.in/221711/political-game-chess-continues-maldives-india-still-stuck-decision-making-mode/
https://www.oneindia.com/india/maldives-crisis-india-keep-troops-ready-2636239.html
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/02/06/maldives-opposition-pleads-india-send-troops-countrys-president/

4 JANUARY 2017

Pakistan gives over a million Afghan refugees 30 days to leave country

Pakistan has given over a million Afghan refugees until the end of the month to leave the country, in an announcement on Wednesday, following US accusations that Islamabad shelters some of the fiercest factions of the Taliban fighting US and Afghan soldiers in neighbouring Afghanistan
https://www.trtworld.com/asia/pakistan-gives-over-a-million-afghan-refugees-30-days-to-leave-country-13892

15 NOVEMBER 2017

India-Pakistan Relations: Beyond the Security Narrative

In recent weeks, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s visit to Afghanistan and Pakistan on October 24, 2017 and his visit to New Delhi visit on October 25, and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani’s visit to New Delhi on October 24, have drawn significant attention to South Asia’s geo-political situation
http://ippreview.com/index.php/Home/Blog/single/id/589.html

23 SEPTEMBER 2017

Pakistan’s Second Strike Capability: Implications for South Asian Stability

Pakistan and India since their independence involved in never-ending arms race despite the fact the Pakistan cannot compete with Indian conventional weapon capability but in order to compete with them, they developed a nuclear and tactical weapon. India already has a second strike capability
http://moderndiplomacy.eu/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2987:pakistan-s-second-strike-capability-implications-for-south-asian-stability

1 JULY 2017

Kashmiri rebel chief rejects US terror sanctions

The leader of a prominent Kashmir rebel group has rejected U.S. sanctions and vowed to continue fighting until the disputed Himalayan region is “liberated from India.”
https://www.voanews.com/a/kashmiri-rebel-chief-rejects-us-terror-sanctions/3924209.html
https://www.dawn.com/news/1342575/us-decision-will-not-affect-legitimate-struggle-for-kashmirs-freedom-syed-salahuddin
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1448045/declaring-terrorist-joint-move-us-israel-india-hum-chief-syed-salahuddin/

7 MAY 2017

50 Afghan soldiers killed, over 100 injured in retaliatory fire: Pakistan

Inspector General FC (IGFC) Major General Nadeem Ahmad on Sunday said that at least 50 Afghan soldiers were killed and over 100 injured when Pakistan responded to the firing by Afghan border police
https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/203046-50-Afghan-soldiers-killed-over-100-injured-in-retaliatory-fire-Pakistan
http://www.dw.com/en/worst-border-clashes-in-years-are-afghanistan-and-pakistan-at-war/a-38743051

10 APRIL 2017

Pakistan risks fallout after army decides to execute Indian ‘spy’

Pakistan will execute an Indian man arrested in the southwestern province of Balochistan last year who officials claim has confessed to being a spy for Indian intelligence, the country’s powerful military
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/south-asia/article/2086473/pakistan-risks-fallout-after-army-decides-execute-indian-spy
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/khulbhushan-jadhav-pakistan-deathsentence-4607384/
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1379765/pakistan-sentences-indian-spy-kulbushan-yadav-death/

8 APRIL 2017

India and Bangladesh sign 22 pacts

India and Bangladesh today signed 22 pacts in key sectors including defence and civil nuclear but the long-pending Teesta waters sharing agreement remained elusive though Prime Minister Narendra Modi conveyed his government’s commitment for an “early solution”
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/india-bangla-ink-22-pacts-pm-assures-early-solution-on-teesta-1.2008051
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-bangladesh-step-up-cooperation-top-developments/articleshow/58085009.cms
http://www.thestatesman.com/india/pm-modi-sheikh-hasina-launch-india-bangladesh-rail-bus-services-1491641478.htm

30 MARCH 2017

India’s demonetization shock pushes Nepal closer To China

Frustrated by India’s failure to help address the fallout of New Delhi’s rupee demonetization, Nepal is turning to China for economic and security matters
https://fronteranews.com/news/asia/indias-demonetization-shock-pushes-nepal-closer-to-china/

24 MARCH 2017

Bangladeshi PM Sheikh Hasina’s India visit is critical for South Asia

Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s forthcoming three-day visit to India (April 07-10), after two postponements, mainly because of the Indian government’s preoccupation with domestic issues, is expected to take the bilateral relations a notch higher
http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/node/2133

21 MARCH 2017

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has bought himself time with election showing but reconciliation with Pakistan still unlikely

A landslide election victory and a more conciliatory army chief may not be enough to push nuclear-armed enemies India and Pakistan toward renewed talks, even as small signs of cooperation over sensitive security issues emerge
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/diplomacy/article/2080135/indian-prime-minister-narendra-modi-has-bought-himself-time

20 MARCH 2017

Pakistan and India discuss their water dispute in Islamabad

Pakistani and Indian experts have opened round-table talks in Islamabad over water disputes between the two nuclear-armed Neighbors
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/asia/2017-03/20/content_15588554.html
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/pakistan/pakistan-india-discuss-water-dispute-in-islamabad-1.1997322
http://nation.com.pk/national/20-Mar-2017/pakistan-india-to-discuss-3-projects-as-water-talks-begin-in-lahore

9 MARCH 2017

Pakistan indefinitely closes border with Afghanistan amid rising tension

Pakistan has indefinitely closed two border crossings with Afghanistan after opening them for two days to let through Afghans with visas, officials said on Thursday
http://zeenews.india.com/asia/pakistan-indefinitely-closes-border-with-afghanistan-amid-rising-tension_1984961.html
http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2017/03/09/pak-afghan-border-closes-for-indefinite-period/

9 FEBRUARY 2017

Chinese development in Indian Ocean raising concern of possible militarisation among major players

Japan, India, Australia and the United States are closely monitoring China’s infrastructure development on the Indian Ocean rim amid increasing concern about the potential for militarisation in the sea lanes which carry much of the world’s oïl.
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-02-09/could-the-indian-ocean-become-south-china-sea/8257204?section=world

16 DECEMBER 2016

The Tangled History of the Afghanistan-India-Pakistan Triangle

Kabul’s foreign policy approach has shifted between favoring India and Pakistan since the partition
http://thediplomat.com/2016/12/the-tangled-history-of-the-afghanistan-india-pakistan-triangle/

4 DECEMBER 2016

Heart of Asia participants slam Pakistan over terrorism

Afghan President Ghani and Indian PM Modi have lashed out at Pakistan for its « lack of cooperation » in the fight against terrorism. Ghani also snubbed Islamabad’s 500-million-dollar aid at the Heart of Asia conference
http://www.dw.com/en/heart-of-asia-participants-slam-pakistan-over-terrorism/a-36633835
http://www.tolonews.com/en/afghanistan/28699-14-nations-adopt-heart-of-asia-declaration

28 SEPTEMBER 2016

SAARC summit cancelled following India-Pakistan tensions

The SAARC summit which was to be held in Islamabad in November this year will be cancelled following India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Afghanistan’s decision to boycott the summit
http://www.asiapacificstar.com/index.php/sid/248078509
http://tribune.com.pk/story/1190209/bangladesh-pulls-pakistan-summit-tensions-rise/

22 SEPTEMBER 2016

Pakistan is a terrorist state, carries out war crimes, India tells UN

India on Thursday called Pakistan a “terrorist state” and accused it of carrying out “war crimes” against Indians through its “long-standing policy” of sponsoring terrorism, hours after Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif racked up Kashmir issue at the UN General Assembly session
http://atimes.com/2016/09/pak-a-terrorist-state-carries-out-war-crimes-india-tells-un/
http://www.asiapacificstar.com/index.php/sid/247883721

19 SEPTEMBER 2016

Uri attack a deadly blow to Indo-Pakistan ties

The Uri terror attack that has left 18 Indian soldiers dead deals a lethal blow to the already frayed India-Pakistan ties, with the government coming under intense pressure to give a befitting response to Islamabad
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/uri-attack-a-deadly-blow-to-indo-pakistan-ties-1.1898853

25 JUNE 2016

Pakistan and India move closer to SCO

The six-member Shanghai Cooperation Organization approved memorandums on Friday to pave the way for India and Pakistan to join the organization
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-06/25/content_15454167.html

15 JUNE 2016

Pakistan and Afghanistan formally agree over ceasefire at Torkham

The border authorities of Pakistan and Afghanistan on Wednesday formally agreed over ceasefire at Torkham and waved white flags on both sides of the border
http://www.dawn.com/news/1265011/pak-afghan-forces-agree-on-ceasefire-at-torkham-border-wave-white-flags
http://nation.com.pk/national/15-Jun-2016/new-ceasefire-enforced-at-torkham-border

14 JUNE 2016

Pakistan, Afghanistan increase troops ar Khyber Pass border after clash

A Pakistani army officer died on Tuesday after being shot by Afghan forces in a border clash, Pakistan’s military said, a development likely to ratchet up tension between the neighbours who sources said were beefing up troop numbers on either side
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/pakistan/pakistan-afghanistan-increase-troops-at-khyber-pass-border-after-clash-1.1846138
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-pakistan-border-tensions/3375279.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/06/afghan-soldier-killed-border-clash-pakistan-160613075159320.html

6 JUNE 2015

India and Bangladesh sign historic territory swap deal

Bangladesh and India have sealed a historic land pact to swap territories, which will finally allow tens of thousands of people living in border enclaves to choose their nationality after decades of stateless limbo.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-33033342
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/06/india-bangladesh-seal-land-swap-deal-150606012711866.html
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/india-bangladesh-seal-historic-land-boundary-agreement/

2 JANUARY 2015

India Blocks China’s Attempt to Take Over South Asian Group

At the group’s 18th summit, held in the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, Beijing allies Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka pushed for China’s upgrading from observer status to full membership. India sought to defeat the initiative because SAARC, as the organization is known, operates on consensus and New Delhi feared that China would block its initiatives in the future.
http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/blog/gordon-g-chang/india-blocks-china%E2%80%99s-attempt-take-over-south-asian-group

27 NOVEMBER 2014

South Asia summit ends with little progress

South Asian leaders signed an agreement to improve cross-border energy trade in the power-starved region on Thursday (Nov 27), as a summit overshadowed by India and Pakistan’s rivalry ended with little progress towards regional integration
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/south-asia-summit-ends-little-progress
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2014/11/disappointing-saarc-summit-2014112885157300755.html
http://tribune.com.pk/story/798067/pakistan-under-pressure-to-save-trade-agenda-at-south-asia-summit/

11 NOVEMBER 2014

 Saarc nations to ink 3 vital agreements

 In a major step towards greater regional integration in three decades of the Saarc, the South Asian nations are set to sign three framework agreements in Kathmandu for establishing rail, road and electricity connectivity
http://www.asianewsnet.net/Saarc-nations-to-ink-3-vital-agreements-67345.html

17 OCTOBER 2014

The SAARC: A Bloc Whose Time Has Come

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation is more relevant than ever before. Time to give it more power.
http://thediplomat.com/2014/10/the-saarc-a-bloc-whose-time-has-come/

17 SEPTEMBER 2014

SAARC meet proposes visa exemption for 50 eminent people by country

SAARC immigration officials here Wednesday proposed to exempt from visa requirement 50 eminent people listed by the grouping under 24 categories to enable their hassle-free travel in member countries, an official said.
http://www.sify.com/news/saarc-meet-proposes-visa-exemption-for-50-eminent-people-news-international-ojsaanebjfjdh.html

12 NOVEMBER 2011

China for ‘Saarc Plus One’ summit

China, continuing its relentless push for a larger footprint in India’s backyard, quietly approached some South Asian nations for an annual summit modelled loosely as a « Saarc Plus One » fixture, diplomatic sources said yesterday.
« China wants an annual summit with our eight members on the lines of its Asean Plus One arrangement, » a senior diplomat from one of Saarc’s smaller states told The Straits Times. « It is a move that annoys India, and most of us are just sitting quiet because we do not want to upset New
Delhi. »
http://www.thedailystar.net/story.php?nid=20981311 NOVEMBER 2011

Focus on climate, food security

17th Saarc Summit ends in Maldives with 20-point Addu Declaration; South Asian leaders also agree to forge effective cooperation for
full implementation of Safta, better connectivity and steps towards Saarc Market
for Electricity
http://www.thedailystar.net/story.php?nid=209811

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 8 April in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 8 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on April 8, 2018

1232: During the Mongol–Jin War, The Mongols begin their siege on Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin Dynasty, up to February 26, 1233
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_siege_of_Kaifeng

1759: Indian British troops chase French out of Masulipatam in India
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1759_-_British_expedition_against_Masulipatam

1759-04-08 Chute de Masulipatam

1767: In now Thailand, Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders
http://www.thaiwebsites.com/ayutthaya.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayutthaya_kingdom

1857: Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy who launched the Sepoy mutiny is hanged
http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/04/08/1857-mangal-pandey-sepoy/
http://topyaps.com/17-things-know-mangal-pandey-man-fired-first-shot-1857-indian-revolt

 

1873: Dutch land troops at Banda Aceh (Now in Indonesia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aceh_War

1902: Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
http://www.chinaforeignrelations.net/node/240

1942: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines
http://www.pacificwar.org.au/Philippines/FallBataanCorreg.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_Bh6zoM7_I

1945: Reluctantly, under Japanese pressure, the king of Laos issues a proclamation ending the French protectorate

1950: India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat-Nehru Pact
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A096
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liaquat%E2%80%93Nehru_Pact

1968: End of the siege of the US base of Khe Sanh in South Vietnam after two and half days of combat at main loss
http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/battle-of-khe-sanh
http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-khe-sanh-recounting-the-battlescasualties.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=St1yhbRdiZ4

1984: Long-March 3 rocket puts on orbit the first Chinese geostationary satellite

2003: In India, after a stormy debate, the parliament condemns the US attack on Irak, demanding a prompt withdrawal of the coalition forces

 

On 8 April in South Asian history

ON 8 APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 8, 2018

563 BC: Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, is supposed to be born that day
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=6861

1336: Birth of Talermane (Timur), central Asian Turkic conqueror, who died on 19 February 1405
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timur
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/profilesofasianleaders/p/TimurProf.htm
http://www.silk-road.com/artl/timur.shtml

1759: Indian British troops chase French out of Masulipatam
http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=1759_-_British_expedition_against_Masulipatam

1759-04-08 Chute de Masulipatam

1857: Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy who launched the Sepoy mutiny is hanged
http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/04/08/1857-mangal-pandey-sepoy/
http://topyaps.com/17-things-know-mangal-pandey-man-fired-first-shot-1857-indian-revolt

 

1894: Death of Bankim Chandra Chatterji, Indian author, born on June 26, 1838
http://www.hinduhistory.info/bankim-chandra-chatterjee-1838-1894/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/8-april-1894-bankim-chandra-chattopadhyay-bengali-writer-dieda

1924: Birth of Kumar Gandharva, Indian music director and singer, who died on January 12, 1992http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/kumar-gandharva-5513.php
http://theory.tifr.res.in/~mukhi/Music/gandharva.html

1929: At Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dadutt throw handouts and bombs to court from a gallery
http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/itihas/sbsingh.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batukeshwar_Dutt

1950: India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat-Nehru Pact
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A096
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liaquat%E2%80%93Nehru_Pact

1983: Birth of Allu Argun, Indian film actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allu_Arjun

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eb0e9inkERo

1983: Birth of Allu Arjun, Indian film actor
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/allu-arjun/biography.html

1985: After the Bhopal disaster, India files suit against Union Carbide for the disaster which killed an estimated 2,000 and injured another 200,000
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1142333/
http://www.alterinter.org/article3451.html

1990: After violent protests, king Birendra of Nepal lift a 30-year ban on political parties

1999: Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress

2003: In India, after a stormy debate, the parliament condemns the US attack on Irak, demanding a prompt withdrawal of the coalition forces

2010: Sri Lanka’s ruling party wins a majority in parliament. The United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA), led by Mahinda Rajapaksa, the incumbent president, had already secured 117 seats in the 225-member assembly
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/04/20104912214028272.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8610705.stm

2010: Pakistan’s National Assembly has unanimously passed a set of constitutional reforms curbing the powers of Asif Ali Zardari, the president, and transferring them to the prime minister and parliament
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/04/20104815523247104.html

2011: Moulana Showkat Shah, a Muslim leader in Indian Kashmir, who had condemned practice of throwing stones at security forces, dies in attack outside mosque
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/04/20114891931701400.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13009558

2012: Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh welcomes Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari for « fruitful » talks in Delhi, the highest-level meeting between the rival nuclear powers in seven years
http://www.france24.com/en/20120408-india-pakistan-zardari-singh-peace-nuclear-terror

2013: Bangladesh Prime Minister says no to a law against blasphemy. Sheikh Hasina said that the country is « a secular democracy » in which « everyone has the right to practice their religion. » For days, supporters of the Islamist party have been calling for a blasphemy law that prescribes the death penalty for those who offend Muhammad and Islam

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-22058462

http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Bangladesh,-Prime-Minister:-No-to-a-law-against-blasphemy-27598.html

 

On 8 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 8 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 8, 2018

1521 : Guided by Raja Kulambu, Magellan crew enters the Cebu Harbour
https://magellanproject.org/tag/Cebu/
http://www.cartographic-images.net/Cartographic_Images/332.2_Magellans_Globe.html

1767: In now Thailand, Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders
http://www.thaiwebsites.com/ayutthaya.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayutthaya_kingdom

1873: Dutch land troops at Banda Aceh (Now in Indonesia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aceh_War

1932: Birth of Sultan Iskandar of Johor, also the 8th Yang di-Pertuan Agong or king of Malaysia (1984-1989), who died on January 22, 2010
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baginda_Almutawakkil_Alallah_Sultan_Iskandar_Al-Haj_ibni_Almarhum_Sultan_Ismail

1942: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines
http://www.pacificwar.org.au/Philippines/FallBataanCorreg.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v_Bh6zoM7_I

1945: Reluctantly, under Japanese pressure, the king of Laos issues a proclamation ending the French protectorate

1957: In Cambodia Prince Sihanouk forms a new cabinet

1968: End of the siege of the US base of Khe Sanh in South Vietnam after two and half days of combat at main loss
http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/battle-of-khe-sanh
http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-khe-sanh-recounting-the-battlescasualties.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=St1yhbRdiZ4

2005: Indonesian president Sulilo Bambang Yudhoyono on a two-day visit to East Timor
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4427123.stm
http://www.etan.org/et2005/april/01/09ipres.htm

2008: In the Philippines, nine military officers have been sentenced to jail for taking part in a failed coup plot against president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

2010: Thailand’s prime minister declares a state of emergency in the capital and surrounding areas to give the army broader powers to gain control of escalating street protests
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/04/201047111717155731.html

2014: Millions of poor people in the Philippines will have access to free contraceptives for the first time after the nation’s top court approves a deeply controversial birth control law
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/04/philippine-court-upholds-birth-control-law-2014486117854745.html

2014: Mohagher Iqbal, a leader of the 11,000-strong Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), says that his rebel group’s new political organization, the United Bangsamoro Justice Party, would be used as a springboard to contest leadership of a more powerful Muslim autonomous region to be established in the south of the largely Catholic Philippines
http://asiancorrespondent.com/121474/filipino-rebels-form-party-as-they-end-rebell

On 8 April in Japan’s history

ON 8 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on April 8, 2018

622: Death of Prince Shōtoku of Japan, born on February 7, 574
http://veryasian.weebly.com/prince-shotoku.html
http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/japan/shotoku.pdf

1551: Death of Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord, born in 1510
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Oda_Nobuhide
http://otsuke.blogspot.fr/2007/11/nobuhides-death.html

1934: Birth of Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect who died on 12 October 2007
http://www.kisho.co.jp/
https://www.archdaily.com/616907/spotlight-kisho-kurokawa

1945: Reluctantly, under Japanese pressure, the king of Laos issues a proclamation ending the French protectorate

1983: Death of Isamu Kosugi, Japanese actor and director, born on February 24, 1904
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isamu_Kosugi
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0467557/

1986: Birth of Erika Sawajiri, Japanese actress and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erika_Sawajiri
http://www.tokyohive.com/2010/09/an-inside-look-at-erika-sawajiri/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LrRtEBqr6A

1986: Suicide of Yukoki Okada, Japanese idol singer, born on 22 August 1967
http://www.documentingreality.com/forum/f226/suicide-okada-yukiko-japanese-youth-yukko-syndrome-125799/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yukiko_Okada

1989: Birth of Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hitomi_Takahashi_(singer)
http://www.recherche.aol.fr/aol/image?query=Hitomi%20Takahashi&invocationType=imageTab

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bchd4g8LV4&NR=1&feature=fvwp

1991: Birth of Minami Takahashi, Japanese actress and singer
http://stage48.net/wiki/index.php?title=Takahashi_Minami

1994: After only 8 months, Morihiro Hosokawa, the first no LDP Premier of Japan, resigns under allegations that he had accepted an illegal loan in 1982
http://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/11/business/cloudy-outlook-japan-hosokawa-s-resignation-could-sidetrack-modest-recovery-that.html
http://articles.latimes.com/1994-04-09/news/mn-43907_1_foreign-minister/2
http://www.c-span.org/video/?55920-1/japanese-prime-minister-resignation

2001: Unpopular Japanese Premier Yoshiro Mori resigns
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/apr/06/japan

2007: Shintaro Ishihara is for the third time reelected as governor of Tokyo
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200704/09/eng20070409_364785.html

2008: Death of Kazuo Shiraga, Japanese painter, born August 12, 1924
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/02/arts/international/art-world-rediscovers-kazuo-shiraga.html?ref=international&_r=0
http://www.artnet.com/artists/kazuo-shiraga/biography
https://www.google.fr/search?q=Kazuo+Shiraga&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwin4tymhanaAhUFWxQKHajLA1oQ_AUICigB&biw=1280&bih=603Kazuo Shiraga

 

Holidays and observances

Japan: Buddha’s Birthday

On 8 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 8 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 8, 2018

1232: During the Mongol–Jin War, The Mongols begin their siege on Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin Dynasty, up to February 26, 1233
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_siege_of_Kaifeng

1902: Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
http://www.chinaforeignrelations.net/node/240

1913: Opening of China’s first parliament in Beijing

1913-04-13 China 1st parliament

1946: Death of Ye Ting, general of the Chinese Red Army
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ye_Ting

1968: Death of Huangmei Opera famous artist Yan Fengying, victim of the Cultural Revolution
http://english.cri.cn/6566/2009/07/23/1321s503511.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3750.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EQm6kraaPGQ

1984: Long-March 3 rocket puts on orbit the first Chinese geostationary satellite

1988: In China, Yang Shangkun succeeds Li Xiannian as president of the PRC
http://www.nndb.com/people/971/000111638/

2015: Taiwan president Ma Ying-jeou says that his administration will not give up the Republic of China’s territory in the South China Sea, but will continue to seek peaceful means to address the territorial disputes in the region