Daily Archives: 15 janvier 2018

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 15 January in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 15 JANUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “Conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on January 15, 2018

1896: French and British sign an agreement on their south-East Asia zones of influence. France recognizes the independence od Siam and the British recognizes the French protectorate on Laos

1936: Japanese leave the Naval Conference of London
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/naval-arms-control-1935.htm

1943: During World War II, the Japanese are driven off Guadalcanal
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_guadalcanal.htm
http://www.c-span.org/video/?300576-1/battle-guadalcanal

1949: The Chinese Communist Party forces took over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianjin_Campaign
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/550.htm

1951: In Korea, United Nations stop the sino-North Korean offensive

1962: Naval incident between Indonesia and Netherland off West New Guinea

1973: Citing progress in peace negociations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive actions in North Vietnam
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/15/newsid_2530000/2530549.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-halts-military-action-against-north-vietnam

1989: “Private visit” (up to 20 January) of Vietnamese vice-minister of Foreign Affairs Dinh Nho Liem to Beijing. First high level meeting since 1979
http://articles.latimes.com/1989-01-15/news/mn-949_1_cambodian-conflict

2007: Abu Sayyaf leader Abu Solaiman is killed in a clash on the island of Jolo
http://www.arabnews.com/node/293358

2008: In the Philippines, Muslim separatists walk away from the signing of a deal with the government


2014: China launchs a scathing diplomatic attack against Japan, warning African nations of an impending « resurrection of Japanese militarism » and branding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe a « troublemaker »
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/china-slams-troublemaker-japan-after-africa-visit

 

Holidays and observances

Army Day (India)

On 15 January in South Asian history

1942 Gandhi and_Nehru

ON 15 JANUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on January 15, 2018

1923: Birth of Rukmani Devi, Sri Lankan Tamil singer and actress who died in a car accident on October 28, 1978

http://www.rukmanidevisrilanka.org/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rukmani_Devi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZoxF5iL9Pxg

1934: 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 dead
http://buildingresearch.com.np/news_events/1934_nepal_bihar_eq/news_events_1.php
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1934_Nepal%E2%80%93Bihar_earthquake

1942: Jawaharlal Nehru succeeds Mohandas K. Gandhi as head of Indian’s National Congress Party
http://www.culturalindia.net/leaders/jawaharlal-nehru.html
http://english.khamenei.ir/news/4868/How-did-Jawaharlal-Nehru-save-India-from-British-colonialism
https://www.gqindia.com/content/nehru-hero-villain/

1942 Gandhi and_Nehru

1949: Gen. K.M. Cariappa is appointed as the first Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, succeeding Lieutenant General Sir Roy Bucher. Since celebrated as the Indian Army Day
http://www.mapsofindia.com/events/india/army-day.html
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/general-km-cariappa.html

1949-01-15 General K M Cariappa Army commander

1956: Birth of Kumari Mayawati, Indian politician, chief minister of Uttar Pradesh (2007-2012)
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/15-january-1956-mayawati-bsp-leader-was-born
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1958378.stm

1982: Birth of Neil Nitin Mukesh, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Mathur

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1h0mWYK7Jo4

1989: Worth railway tragedy in Bangladesh history. 110 are killed and  1,000 wounded

1994: Death of Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati-Indian Author, Poet, Astrologis, born on January 22, 1916
http://www.harilalupadhyay.org/

1998: Death of Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian economist and politician, shortly Prime Minister of India, born on July 4, 1898

http://www.rediff.com/news/1998/jan/15nan.htm

Gulzarilal_Nanda

2002: The Sri Lankan government lifts all restriction of move of persons and commodities in the aera held by LTTE Tamil separatists

2007: In Nepal, opening of the first session of the parliament (Sansad) after king Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev has been ousted. The Maoist communist party has 83 MP among 330

2009: Leading Indian filmmaker Tapan Sinha dies in the eastern Indian city of Calcutta (Kolkata) at the age of 84
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7830022.stm

2013: The Pakistani Supreme Court orders the arrest of Raja Pervez Ashraf, the country’s prime minister, in connection with a corruption case relating to contracts for the purchase of rental power plants by the federal government when Ashraf was the federal minister for water and power
ttp://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/01/201311592859175153.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21022855

2014: Death of Namdeo Dhasal, Indian poet and activist, born on Februry 15, 1949
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/marathi-poet-namdeo-dhasaldead/article5577696.ece
http://www.livemint.com/Leisure/vaCEvauD0SFLzImbdc9NLL/Namdeo-Dhasal-A-poet-of-the-underbelly.html

 

Holidays and observances

Army Day (India)

On 15 January in Southeast Asian history

ON 15 JANUARY IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Southeast Asian history »

Updated on January 15, 2018

1678: In now Indonesia, Amangkurat II gives the Dutch Indies Company (VOC) a monopoly on the sugar trade in Jepara
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amangkurat_II_of_Mataram

AMANGKURAT 2

 1896: French and British sign an agreement on their south-East Asia zones of influence. France recognizes the independence od Siam and the British recognizes the French protectorate on Laos

1945: Death of Pedro Abad Santos, Filipino doctor, lawyer, Marxist and politician, leader of the first Philippine communist rebellions from the 1930s to the 1950s, born on January 31, 1876
http://cityofsanfernando.gov.ph/forvisitors/localheroes/pedroabadsantos#gsc.tab=0

1954: Birth of Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jose_Dalisay,_Jr.

1962: Naval incident between Indonesia and Netherland off West New Guinea

1973: Citing progress in peace negociations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive actions in North Vietnam
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/15/newsid_2530000/2530549.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-halts-military-action-against-north-vietnam

1976: Tun Hussein bin Onn becomes the third premier minister of Malaysia
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Hussein_Onn

1989: “Private visit” (up to 20 January) of Vietnamese vice-minister of Foreign Affairs Dinh Nho Liem to Beijing. First high level meeting since 1979
http://articles.latimes.com/1989-01-15/news/mn-949_1_cambodian-conflict

2002: In the Philippines, at least 32 persons are killed in Jolo while demonstrating for the release of ex-governor Nur Misuari, imprisoned for sedition

2007: Abu Sayyaf leader Abu Solaiman is killed in a clash on the island of Jolo
http://www.arabnews.com/node/293358

2007: Death of Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat, born on March 24, 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pura_Santillan-Castrence

2008: In the Philippines, Muslim separatists walk away from the signing of a deal with the government

2015: Pope Francis arrives in the Philippines for a five-day trip, seen as an effort to reinforce church membership, and highlight the issue of climate change as he meets victims of Typhoon Haiyan that killed thousands in the country in 2013
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-30809472
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2015/01/millions-cheer-as-pope-arrives-philippines-2015115101210685513.html

 

On 15 January in Japan’s history

ON 15 JANUARY IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet, type “On (day + month) in Japan’s history »

Updated on January 15, 2018

1481: Birth of shogun Ashikaga Yoshizumi (1494 -1508) who was assassinated on September 6, 1511
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashikaga_Yoshizumi
http://japan-photo.de/e-yoshizumi.htm

1538: Birth of Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, who died on April 27, 1599
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maeda_Toshiie

1905: Birth of Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor who died on December 21, 1985
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamatari_Fujiwara
http://akirakurosawa.info/2015/01/15/110-years-ago-kamatari-fujiwara-bo

kamatari Fujiwara

1936: Japanese leave the Naval Conference of London
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/naval-arms-control-1935.htm

1943: During World War II, the Japanese are driven off Guadalcanal
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_guadalcanal.htm
http://www.c-span.org/video/?300576-1/battle-guadalcanal

1943: Birth of Kiki Kirin, Japanese actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Kiki_Kirin
http://www.nipponcinema.com/tag/kirin-kiki

1956: Birth of Miki Fujimura, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miki_Fujimura 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5BJP26ukdY

2005: Death of Japanese filmmaker Noriyoshi Matsûra
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0559676/

2013: Death of Nagasi Oshima, Japanese film-maker, born on March 3, 1932
http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2013/jan/15/nagisa-oshima
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20130117a3.html

2014: China launches a scathing diplomatic attack against Japan, warning African nations of an impending « resurrection of Japanese militarism » and branding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe a « troublemaker »
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/china-slams-troublemaker-japan-after-africa-visit

 

On 15 January in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 15 JANUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on January 15, 2018

1885: Birth of Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer who died on December 25, 1915
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huang_Yuanyong

1897: Birth of Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet, who died on November 19, 1931
http://www.poemhunter.com/xu-zhimo/biography/
http://wiki.china.org.cn/wiki/index.php/Xu_Zhimo

1923: Birth of Lee Teng-hui, Taiwan’s president from 1988 to 2000
http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/china.50/inside.china/profiles/lee.tenghui/
http://www.hs.reitaku.jp/english/ic/rpaper/2004/lee/body.htm#_edn1

1925: Birth of Liu Binyan, Chinese journalist and novelist who died in exile on December 5, 2005
http://www.hrichina.org/sites/default/files/PDFs/CRF.1.2006/CRF-2006-1_Exile.pdf
http://zonaeuropa.com/20060219_3.htm

1935: During the Long March, opening of the Zunyi conference in which Mao Zedong will be elected chairman of the Chinese communist party
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zunyi_Conference
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/222.html

1949: The Chinese Communist Party forces took over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianjin_Campaign

1951: In Korea, United Nations stop the sino-North Korean offensive

1979: Birth of Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor and taichi champ
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ken_Chu

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3LVu-43Bb0

1989: “Private visit” (up to 20 January) of Vietnamese vice-minister of Foreign Affairs Dinh Nho Liem to Beijing. First high level meeting since 1979
http://articles.latimes.com/1989-01-15/news/mn-949_1_cambodian-conflict

2006: Yu Shyi-kun, former Prime Minister and closed to president Chen Shui-bian is elected president of the Democratic Progressist Party, replacing Su Tseng-chang who resigned after the DPP defeat in local elections on 3 December 2005
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yu_Shyi-kun

2007: Death of Bo Yibo, Chinese politician, born in February 1908. Father of the current CCP Chongqing committee secretary Bo Xilai
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=8251

2010: Beijing choses a former soldier as the new governor of Tibet after the previous one resigned unexpectedly. Padma Choling, is an ethnic Tibetan who served 17 years in China’s army before joining the regional government
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8460628.stm

2013: Death of Gen. Yang Baibing, a military strongman who carried out the violent suppression of student-led protests in Tiananmen Square in 1989 and was later purged because of fears that he was accruing too much power. He was 93
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/18/world/asia/gen-yang-baibing-dies-at-93-led-tiananmen-crackdown.html
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1129672/yang-baibing-backed-1989-crackdown-and-prospered-it

2014: China launch a scathing diplomatic attack against Japan warning African nations of an impending « resurrection of Japanese militarism » and branding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe a « troublemaker »
 http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/china-slams-troublemaker-japan-after-africa-visit

 

On 15 January in Asian history

ON 15 JANUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on January 15, 2018

1481: Birth of shogun Ashikaga Yoshizumi (1494 -1508) who was assassinated on September 6, 1511
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashikaga_Yoshizumi
http://japan-photo.de/e-yoshizumi.htm

1538: Birth of Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, who died on April 27, 1599
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maeda_Toshiie

1678: In now Indonesia, Amangkurat II gives the Dutch Indies Company (VOC) a monopoly on the sugar trade in Jepara
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amangkurat_II_of_Mataram

AMANGKURAT 2

1885: Birth of Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer who died on December 25, 1915
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huang_Yuanyong

1896: French and British sign an agreement on their south-East Asia zones of influence. France recognizes the independence od Siam and the British recognizes the French protectorate on Laos

1897: Birth of Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet, who died on November 19, 1931
http://www.poemhunter.com/xu-zhimo/biography/
http://wiki.china.org.cn/wiki/index.php/Xu_Zhimo

1905: Birth of Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor who died on December 21, 1985
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamatari_Fujiwara
http://akirakurosawa.info/2015/01/15/110-years-ago-kamatari-fujiwara-born/

kamatari Fujiwara

1923: Birth of Lee Teng-hui, Taiwan’s president from 1988 to 2000
http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/china.50/inside.china/profiles/lee.tenghui/
http://www.hs.reitaku.jp/english/ic/rpaper/2004/lee/body.htm#_edn1

1923: Birth of Rukmani Devi, Sri Lankan Tamil singer and actress who died in a car accident on October 28, 1978

http://www.rukmanidevisrilanka.org
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rukmani_Devi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZoxF5iL9Pxg

1925: Birth of Liu Binyan, Chinese journalist and novelist who died in exile on December 5, 2005
http://www.hrichina.org/sites/default/files/PDFs/CRF.1.2006/CRF-2006-1_Exile.pdf
http://zonaeuropa.com/20060219_3.htm

1934: 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 dead
http://buildingresearch.com.np/news_events/1934_nepal_bihar_eq/news_events_1.php
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1934_Nepal%E2%80%93Bihar_earthquake

1935: During the Long March, opening of the Zunyi conference in which Mao Zedong will be elected chairman of the Chinese communist party
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zunyi_Conference
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/222.html

1936: Japanese leave the Naval Conference of London
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/naval-arms-control-1935.htm

1942: Jawaharlal Nehru succeeds Mohandas K. Gandhi as head of Indian’s National Congress Party
http://www.culturalindia.net/leaders/jawaharlal-nehru.html
http://english.khamenei.ir/news/4868/How-did-Jawaharlal-Nehru-save-India-from-British-colonialism
https://www.gqindia.com/content/nehru-hero-villain/

1942 Gandhi and_Nehru

1943: During World War II, the Japanese are driven off Guadalcanal
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_guadalcanal.htm
http://www.c-span.org/video/?300576-1/battle-guadalcanal

1943: Birth of Kiki Kirin, Japanese actress
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Kiki_Kirin

1945: Death of Pedro Abad Santos, Filipino doctor, lawyer, Marxist and politician, leader of the first Philippine communist rebellions from the 1930s to the 1950s, born on January 31, 1876
http://cityofsanfernando.gov.ph/forvisitors/localheroes/pedroabadsantos#gsc.tab=0

1949: The Chinese Communist Party forces take over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianjin_Campaign
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/550.html

1949: Gen. K.M. Cariappa is appointed as the first Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, succeeding Lieutenant General Sir Roy Bucher. Since celebrated as the Indian Army Day
http://www.mapsofindia.com/events/india/army-day.html
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/general-km-cariappa.html

1949-01-15 General K M Cariappa Army commander

1951: In Korea, United Nations stop the sino-North Korean offensive

1954: Birth of Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jose_Dalisay,_Jr.

1956: Birth of Kumari Mayawati, Indian politician, leader of the BSP, chief minister of Uttar Pradesh (2007-2012)
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/15-january-1956-mayawati-bsp-leader-was-born
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1958378.stm

1956: Birth of Miki Fujimura, Japanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miki_Fujimura  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5BJP26ukdY

1962: Naval incident between Indonesia and Netherland off West New Guinea

1973: Citing progress in peace negociations, President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive actions in North Vietnam
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/15/newsid_2530000/2530549.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-halts-military-action-against-north-vietnam

1976: Tun Hussein bin Onn becomes the third premier minister of Malaysia
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Hussein_Onn

1979: Birth of Ken Chu, Taiwanese singer-actor and taichi champ
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ken_Chu

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3LVu-43Bb0

1982: Birth of Neil Nitin Mukesh, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Mathur

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1h0mWYK7Jo4

1989: “Private visit” (up to 20 January) of Vietnamese vice-minister of Foreign Affairs Dinh Nho Liem to Beijing. First high level meeting since 1979
http://articles.latimes.com/1989-01-15/news/mn-949_1_cambodian-conflict

1989: Worth railway tragedy in Bangladesh history. 110 are killed and  1,000 wounded
http://www.nytimes.com/1989/01/16/world/at-least-70-die-as-2-trains-collide-in-bangladesh.html

1994: Death of Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati-Indian Author, Poet, Astrologis, born on January 22, 1916
http://www.harilalupadhyay.org/

1998: Death of Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian economist and politician, shortly Prime Minister of India, born on July 4, 1898
http://www.rediff.com/news/1998/jan/15nan.htm

Gulzarilal_Nanda

2002: In the Philippines, at least 32 persons are killed in Jolo while demonstrating for the release of ex-governor Nur Misuari, imprisoned for sedition

2002: The Sri Lankan government lifts all restriction of move of personns and commodities in the aera held by LTTE Tamil separatists

2005: Death of Japanese filmmaker Noriyoshi Matsûra
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0559676/

2006: Yu Shyi-kun, former Taiwan’s Prime Minister and closed to president Chen Shui-bian is elected president of the Democratic Progressist Party, replacing Su Tseng-chang who resigned after the DPP defeat in local elections on 3 December 2005
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yu_Shyi-kun

2007: Abu Sayyaf leader Abu Solaiman is killed in a clash on the island of Jolo
http://www.arabnews.com/node/293358

2007: Death of Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat, born on March 24, 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pura_Santillan-Castrence

2007: In Nepal, opening of the first session of the parliament (Sansad) after king Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev has been ousted. The Maoist communist party has 83 MP among 330

2007: Death of Bo Yibo, Chinese politician, born in February 1908. Father of the current CCP Chongqing committee secretary Bo Xilai
http://www.asianews.it/index.php?l=en&art=8251

2008: In the Philippines, Muslim separatists walk away from the signing of a deal with the government

2009: Leading Indian filmmaker Tapan Sinha dies in the eastern Indian city of Calcutta (Kolkata) at the age of 84
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7830022.stm

2010: China choses a former soldier as the new governor of Tibet after the previous one resigned unexpectedly. Padma Choling, is an ethnic Tibetan who served 17 years in China’s army before joining the regional government
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8460628.stm

2013: Death of Gen. Yang Baibing, a military strongman who carried out the violent suppression of student-led protests in Tiananmen Square in 1989 and was later purged because of fears that he was accruing too much power. He was 93
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/18/world/asia/gen-yang-baibing-dies-at-93-led-tiananmen-crackdown.html

http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1129672/yang-baibing-backed-1989-crackdown-and-prospered-it

2013: The Pakistani Supreme Court orders the arrest of Raja Pervez Ashraf, the country’s prime minister, in connection with a corruption case relating to contracts for the purchase of rental power plants by the federal government when Ashraf was the federal minister for water and power

ttp://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/01/201311592859175153.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21022855

2013: Death of Nagasi Oshima, Japanese film-maker, born on March 3, 1932
http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2013/jan/15/nagisa-oshima
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20130117a3.html

2014: Death of Namdeo Dhasal, Indian poet and activist, born on Februry 15, 1949
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/marathi-poet-namdeo-dhasaldead/article5577696.ece
http://www.livemint.com/Leisure/vaCEvauD0SFLzImbdc9NLL/Namdeo-Dhasal-A-poet-of-the-underbelly.html

2014: China launches a scathing diplomatic attack against Japan, warning African nations of an impending « resurrection of Japanese militarism » and branding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe a « troublemaker »
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/china-slams-troublemaker-japan-after-africa-visit

2015: Pope Francis arrives in the Philippines for a five-day trip, seen as an effort to reinforce church membership, and highlight the issue of climate change as he meets victims of Typhoon Haiyan that killed thousands in the country in 2013
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-30809472
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2015/01/millions-cheer-as-pope-arrives-philippines-2015115101210685513.html

 

Holidays and observances

Army Day (India)