Daily Archives: 4 janvier 2018

On 4 January in Asian history

 1948-01-04 Indépendance

ON 4 JANUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on January 4, 2018

265: Sima Yan, the successor to his father Sima Zhao as the Cao Wei regent, forces Cao Huan to abdicate the throne and establishes the Jin Dynasty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sima_Yan
http://koei.wikia.com/wiki/Sima_Yan

1077: Birth of Zhezong, 7th Emperor of the Chinese Song dynasty (1085-1100) who died on February 23, 1100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Zhezong

1564: Death of Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander, born in 1514
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hosokawa_Ujitsuna

1823: Birth of Otto van Rees, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1884-88)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor-General_of_the_Dutch_East_Indies

1848: Birth of Katsura Taro, Japanese longest prime minister who died on October 10, 1913
http://www.jref.com/glossary/katsura_taro.shtml
http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/52.html




 1868: The restoration of Imperial rule in Japan is formally proclaimed. Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu had earlier resigned his authority to the emperor, agreeing to « be the instrument for carrying out » imperial orders. The Tokugawa Shogunate ends

1897: Birth of Chen Cheng, Chinese politician and military leader, who died on March 5, 1965
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Cheng

1897: In the Philippines, 11 of the 15 Bicol Martyrs are executed in Bagumbayan by the Spanish
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1377/today-in-philippine-history-january-4-1897-11-of-the-15-bicol-martyrs-were-executed-in-bagumbayan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fifteen_Martyrs_of_Bicol

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k4x2lFGzx94

1924: Birth of Sebastian Kappen, Indian Jesuit theologian who died on November 30, 1993
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_Kappen

1929: Birth of Yayoi Kusama, Japanese artist and sculptor
http://www.yayoi-kusama.jp/e/biography/index.html

Yayoi Kusama

1931: Death of Maulana Mohammad Ali, Indian Muslim leader, activist, scholar, journalist and poet, born on December 10, 1878
http://www.muslim.org/m-ali/contents.htm

1932: The Indian Congress Party is declared illegal by the British. Mahatmat Gandhi and Nehru are arrested

1932-01-04 UNC interdit Gandhi arrêté

1940: Birth of Chinese-born French writer Gao Xingjian, Literature Nobel prize 2000
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2000/gao-bio.html
https://www.widewalls.ch/artist/gao-xingjian/

1943: Birth of Hwang Sok-yong, Korean writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hwang_Sok-yong

1945: US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack in the Sulu Sea (Philippines)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Ommaney_Bay_(CVE-79)

1945-01-04 Ommaney Bay

1946: In Dutch Indies, Sukarno and Hatta move by night to Yogya, leaving Sjahrir and the more pro-negotiations faction in Jakarta

1946: Birth of Dr.S.Rajasekharan, Indian poet and critic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._Rajasekharan

1948: Full Independence of Burma from Great Britain. U Nu is named Prime Minister up to June 1956
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day–Burma-Declares-Independence-from-Britain.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_(Burma)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Nu

1948-01-04 Indépendance

1948: The territories occupied by the Dutch demand the foundation of the United States of Indonesia

1950: Birth of Khondakar Ashraf Hossain, Bangladeshi poet and academic who died on June 16,. 2013
http://www.poemhunter.com/khondakar-ashraf-hossain/biography/

1951: During the Korean war, Chinese and Korean Communist forces retake Seoul
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/4/newsid_2494000/2494837.stm
http://mattstodayinhistory.blogspot.fr/2006/01/north-korean-and-chinese-armies-take.html

1951-01-04 Chinois prennent Seoul

1953: Death of Prince Chichibu, younger brother of emperor Showa (Hirohito), born on June 25, 1902
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Chichibu

1956: Birth of Sarojini Sahoo, Indian feminist writer
http://sarojinisahoo.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarojini_Sahoo

1957: Birth of Gurdas Maan, Punjabi singer, actor, lyricist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurdas_Maan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=beQg3PxsNcY

1959: Birth of Yoshitomo Nara, Japanese pop artist
http://www.assemblylanguage.com/reviews/Nara.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRIU6_oKPps

1962: Agreement between USA and the government of South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem: pacification, democratization, liberalization

1964: French Prime Minister  Pierre Messmer offers a military aid to Cambodia

1966: Conference Indo-Pakistani in Tachkent (Soviet Union), up to 10. The two countries reestablish their diplomatic relations

1969 : Birth of Korean actor Yu Hae-jin
http://asianmediawiki.com/Hae-jin_Yu
http://www.asiandb.com/browse/people_detail.php?code=1476

1970: More than 15,000 people are killed in Tonghai County, China after a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970_Tonghai_earthquake

1971: Birth of Junichi Kakizaki, Japanese sculptor
http://www.kuruizaki.com/profile/e_biography.html
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/culture/2007/09/20/stage/butoh-flowers-of-life-and-decay/#.VKg4-L3LTUA

Junichi Kakizaki

1974: South Vietnamese president Thieu announces that war has resumed
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thieu-announces-war-has-resumed

1974: The Union of Burma is renamed the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma

1975: The first Communist Chinese delegation arrives to Malaysia

1980: President Jimmy Carter announces economic sanctions against Soviet Union which invaded Afghanan on 27 December 1979

1982: Birth of Kang Hye-jung, South Korean actress
http://asianwiki.com/Kang_Hye-Jung
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kang_Hye-jung

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQuYORWO1q8

1988: Birth of Nabila Jamshed, Indian writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabila_Jamshed

1991: Suicide of San Mao, Taiwanese writer, born on March 26, 1943

http://thelostseasons.wordpress.com/2010/02/16/the-life-of-san-mao%E3%80%8A%E5%9B%9E%E5%A3%B0%E3%80%8B/

1994: Death of Rahul Dev Burman, Indian composer and actor, born on June 27, 1939
http://www.panchamonline.com/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/4th-january-1994-r.d.-burman-renowned-music-director-died

1995: Ven. Thich Quang Do who had wroten a 44-page document addressed to Vietnam communist party general secretary Do Muoi detailing the persecution of the UBCV since the communists came to power in Vietnam is arrested (see his trial on August 15)
http://queme.org/en/profile-venerable-thich-quang-head-ubcv/?v=11aedd0e4327
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thích_Quảng_Độ

2004: Four policemen are killed, a military depot is looted and eighteen schools burned in the Muslim deep south of Thailand, starting a long bloody unrest

2004: During SAARC summit, in Islamabad, general Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee have long talks and decide to have discussions on Kashmir

2004: Afghans approve a new constitution
http://www.afghan-web.com/politics/current_constitution.html

2008: North Korea pledges to strength its “war deterrent” , days after it missed a year-end deadline for declaring its nuclear activities
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7171096.stm

2008: Death of Jimmy Nah, Singapore comedian and actor, born on April 13, 1968
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Nah

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIJSd8ysG0k

2011: The governor of Pakistan’s Punjab province, Salman Taseer, is shot dead by an armed man, thought to be part of his security detail, at a busy market in Islamabad
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/01/201114115730846269.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/05/world/asia/05pakistan.html?_r=1&ref=asia

2011: Philippine police said they had arrested a communist rebel leader following a gunfight in which he was injured. The incident could derail peace talks due to resume in a week
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110105-philippine-police-capture-communist-rebel-commander

2012: The Taliban has confirmed it has come to an « initial agreement » to open a political office overseas as part of peace talks with the US, according to a statement
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/01/201213112718977856.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/04/world/asia/taliban-to-open-qatar-office-in-step-toward-peace-talks.html?_r=1&ref=asia

2013: Cambodia’s National Election Committee has formally reaffirmed that exiled opposition leader Sam Rainsy is ineligible to run for office or vote in the country’s upcoming elections
http://www.voanews.com/content/cambodian-election-officials-block-rainsy-run/1577815.html

 

Holidays and observances

 Myanmar: Burma’s Independence day

South asian countries inter-relations

4 JANUARY 2017

Pakistan gives over a million Afghan refugees 30 days to leave country

Pakistan has given over a million Afghan refugees until the end of the month to leave the country, in an announcement on Wednesday, following US accusations that Islamabad shelters some of the fiercest factions of the Taliban fighting US and Afghan soldiers in neighbouring Afghanistan
https://www.trtworld.com/asia/pakistan-gives-over-a-million-afghan-refugees-30-days-to-leave-country-13892

15 NOVEMBER 2017

India-Pakistan Relations: Beyond the Security Narrative

In recent weeks, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s visit to Afghanistan and Pakistan on October 24, 2017 and his visit to New Delhi visit on October 25, and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani’s visit to New Delhi on October 24, have drawn significant attention to South Asia’s geo-political situation
http://ippreview.com/index.php/Home/Blog/single/id/589.html

23 SEPTEMBER 2017

Pakistan’s Second Strike Capability: Implications for South Asian Stability

Pakistan and India since their independence involved in never-ending arms race despite the fact the Pakistan cannot compete with Indian conventional weapon capability but in order to compete with them, they developed a nuclear and tactical weapon. India already has a second strike capability
http://moderndiplomacy.eu/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2987:pakistan-s-second-strike-capability-implications-for-south-asian-stability

1 JULY 2017

Kashmiri rebel chief rejects US terror sanctions

The leader of a prominent Kashmir rebel group has rejected U.S. sanctions and vowed to continue fighting until the disputed Himalayan region is “liberated from India.”
https://www.voanews.com/a/kashmiri-rebel-chief-rejects-us-terror-sanctions/3924209.html
https://www.dawn.com/news/1342575/us-decision-will-not-affect-legitimate-struggle-for-kashmirs-freedom-syed-salahuddin
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1448045/declaring-terrorist-joint-move-us-israel-india-hum-chief-syed-salahuddin/

7 MAY 2017

50 Afghan soldiers killed, over 100 injured in retaliatory fire: Pakistan

Inspector General FC (IGFC) Major General Nadeem Ahmad on Sunday said that at least 50 Afghan soldiers were killed and over 100 injured when Pakistan responded to the firing by Afghan border police
https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/203046-50-Afghan-soldiers-killed-over-100-injured-in-retaliatory-fire-Pakistan
http://www.dw.com/en/worst-border-clashes-in-years-are-afghanistan-and-pakistan-at-war/a-38743051

10 APRIL 2017

Pakistan risks fallout after army decides to execute Indian ‘spy’

Pakistan will execute an Indian man arrested in the southwestern province of Balochistan last year who officials claim has confessed to being a spy for Indian intelligence, the country’s powerful military
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/south-asia/article/2086473/pakistan-risks-fallout-after-army-decides-execute-indian-spy
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/khulbhushan-jadhav-pakistan-deathsentence-4607384/
https://tribune.com.pk/story/1379765/pakistan-sentences-indian-spy-kulbushan-yadav-death/

8 APRIL 2017

India and Bangladesh sign 22 pacts

India and Bangladesh today signed 22 pacts in key sectors including defence and civil nuclear but the long-pending Teesta waters sharing agreement remained elusive though Prime Minister Narendra Modi conveyed his government’s commitment for an “early solution”
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/india-bangla-ink-22-pacts-pm-assures-early-solution-on-teesta-1.2008051
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-bangladesh-step-up-cooperation-top-developments/articleshow/58085009.cms
http://www.thestatesman.com/india/pm-modi-sheikh-hasina-launch-india-bangladesh-rail-bus-services-1491641478.htm

30 MARCH 2017

India’s demonetization shock pushes Nepal closer To China

Frustrated by India’s failure to help address the fallout of New Delhi’s rupee demonetization, Nepal is turning to China for economic and security matters
https://fronteranews.com/news/asia/indias-demonetization-shock-pushes-nepal-closer-to-china/

24 MARCH 2017

Bangladeshi PM Sheikh Hasina’s India visit is critical for South Asia

Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s forthcoming three-day visit to India (April 07-10), after two postponements, mainly because of the Indian government’s preoccupation with domestic issues, is expected to take the bilateral relations a notch higher
http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/node/2133

21 MARCH 2017

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has bought himself time with election showing but reconciliation with Pakistan still unlikely

A landslide election victory and a more conciliatory army chief may not be enough to push nuclear-armed enemies India and Pakistan toward renewed talks, even as small signs of cooperation over sensitive security issues emerge
http://www.scmp.com/news/asia/diplomacy/article/2080135/indian-prime-minister-narendra-modi-has-bought-himself-time

20 MARCH 2017

Pakistan and India discuss their water dispute in Islamabad

Pakistani and Indian experts have opened round-table talks in Islamabad over water disputes between the two nuclear-armed Neighbors
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/asia/2017-03/20/content_15588554.html
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/pakistan/pakistan-india-discuss-water-dispute-in-islamabad-1.1997322
http://nation.com.pk/national/20-Mar-2017/pakistan-india-to-discuss-3-projects-as-water-talks-begin-in-lahore

9 MARCH 2017

Pakistan indefinitely closes border with Afghanistan amid rising tension

Pakistan has indefinitely closed two border crossings with Afghanistan after opening them for two days to let through Afghans with visas, officials said on Thursday
http://zeenews.india.com/asia/pakistan-indefinitely-closes-border-with-afghanistan-amid-rising-tension_1984961.html
http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2017/03/09/pak-afghan-border-closes-for-indefinite-period/

9 FEBRUARY 2017

Chinese development in Indian Ocean raising concern of possible militarisation among major players

Japan, India, Australia and the United States are closely monitoring China’s infrastructure development on the Indian Ocean rim amid increasing concern about the potential for militarisation in the sea lanes which carry much of the world’s oïl.
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-02-09/could-the-indian-ocean-become-south-china-sea/8257204?section=world

16 DECEMBER 2016

The Tangled History of the Afghanistan-India-Pakistan Triangle

Kabul’s foreign policy approach has shifted between favoring India and Pakistan since the partition
http://thediplomat.com/2016/12/the-tangled-history-of-the-afghanistan-india-pakistan-triangle/

4 DECEMBER 2016

Heart of Asia participants slam Pakistan over terrorism

Afghan President Ghani and Indian PM Modi have lashed out at Pakistan for its « lack of cooperation » in the fight against terrorism. Ghani also snubbed Islamabad’s 500-million-dollar aid at the Heart of Asia conference
http://www.dw.com/en/heart-of-asia-participants-slam-pakistan-over-terrorism/a-36633835
http://www.tolonews.com/en/afghanistan/28699-14-nations-adopt-heart-of-asia-declaration

28 SEPTEMBER 2016

SAARC summit cancelled following India-Pakistan tensions

The SAARC summit which was to be held in Islamabad in November this year will be cancelled following India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Afghanistan’s decision to boycott the summit
http://www.asiapacificstar.com/index.php/sid/248078509
http://tribune.com.pk/story/1190209/bangladesh-pulls-pakistan-summit-tensions-rise/

22 SEPTEMBER 2016

Pakistan is a terrorist state, carries out war crimes, India tells UN

India on Thursday called Pakistan a “terrorist state” and accused it of carrying out “war crimes” against Indians through its “long-standing policy” of sponsoring terrorism, hours after Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif racked up Kashmir issue at the UN General Assembly session
http://atimes.com/2016/09/pak-a-terrorist-state-carries-out-war-crimes-india-tells-un/
http://www.asiapacificstar.com/index.php/sid/247883721

19 SEPTEMBER 2016

Uri attack a deadly blow to Indo-Pakistan ties

The Uri terror attack that has left 18 Indian soldiers dead deals a lethal blow to the already frayed India-Pakistan ties, with the government coming under intense pressure to give a befitting response to Islamabad
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/india/uri-attack-a-deadly-blow-to-indo-pakistan-ties-1.1898853

25 JUNE 2016

Pakistan and India move closer to SCO

The six-member Shanghai Cooperation Organization approved memorandums on Friday to pave the way for India and Pakistan to join the organization
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-06/25/content_15454167.html

15 JUNE 2016

Pakistan and Afghanistan formally agree over ceasefire at Torkham

The border authorities of Pakistan and Afghanistan on Wednesday formally agreed over ceasefire at Torkham and waved white flags on both sides of the border
http://www.dawn.com/news/1265011/pak-afghan-forces-agree-on-ceasefire-at-torkham-border-wave-white-flags
http://nation.com.pk/national/15-Jun-2016/new-ceasefire-enforced-at-torkham-border

14 JUNE 2016

Pakistan, Afghanistan increase troops ar Khyber Pass border after clash

A Pakistani army officer died on Tuesday after being shot by Afghan forces in a border clash, Pakistan’s military said, a development likely to ratchet up tension between the neighbours who sources said were beefing up troop numbers on either side
http://gulfnews.com/news/asia/pakistan/pakistan-afghanistan-increase-troops-at-khyber-pass-border-after-clash-1.1846138
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-pakistan-border-tensions/3375279.html
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/06/afghan-soldier-killed-border-clash-pakistan-160613075159320.html

6 JUNE 2015

India and Bangladesh sign historic territory swap deal

Bangladesh and India have sealed a historic land pact to swap territories, which will finally allow tens of thousands of people living in border enclaves to choose their nationality after decades of stateless limbo.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-33033342
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/06/india-bangladesh-seal-land-swap-deal-150606012711866.html
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/india-bangladesh-seal-historic-land-boundary-agreement/

2 JANUARY 2015

India Blocks China’s Attempt to Take Over South Asian Group

At the group’s 18th summit, held in the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, Beijing allies Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka pushed for China’s upgrading from observer status to full membership. India sought to defeat the initiative because SAARC, as the organization is known, operates on consensus and New Delhi feared that China would block its initiatives in the future.
http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/blog/gordon-g-chang/india-blocks-china%E2%80%99s-attempt-take-over-south-asian-group

27 NOVEMBER 2014

South Asia summit ends with little progress

South Asian leaders signed an agreement to improve cross-border energy trade in the power-starved region on Thursday (Nov 27), as a summit overshadowed by India and Pakistan’s rivalry ended with little progress towards regional integration
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/south-asia-summit-ends-little-progress
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2014/11/disappointing-saarc-summit-2014112885157300755.html
http://tribune.com.pk/story/798067/pakistan-under-pressure-to-save-trade-agenda-at-south-asia-summit/

11 NOVEMBER 2014

 Saarc nations to ink 3 vital agreements

 In a major step towards greater regional integration in three decades of the Saarc, the South Asian nations are set to sign three framework agreements in Kathmandu for establishing rail, road and electricity connectivity
http://www.asianewsnet.net/Saarc-nations-to-ink-3-vital-agreements-67345.html

17 OCTOBER 2014

The SAARC: A Bloc Whose Time Has Come

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation is more relevant than ever before. Time to give it more power.
http://thediplomat.com/2014/10/the-saarc-a-bloc-whose-time-has-come/

17 SEPTEMBER 2014

SAARC meet proposes visa exemption for 50 eminent people by country

SAARC immigration officials here Wednesday proposed to exempt from visa requirement 50 eminent people listed by the grouping under 24 categories to enable their hassle-free travel in member countries, an official said.
http://www.sify.com/news/saarc-meet-proposes-visa-exemption-for-50-eminent-people-news-international-ojsaanebjfjdh.html

12 NOVEMBER 2011

China for ‘Saarc Plus One’ summit

China, continuing its relentless push for a larger footprint in India’s backyard, quietly approached some South Asian nations for an annual summit modelled loosely as a « Saarc Plus One » fixture, diplomatic sources said yesterday.
« China wants an annual summit with our eight members on the lines of its Asean Plus One arrangement, » a senior diplomat from one of Saarc’s smaller states told The Straits Times. « It is a move that annoys India, and most of us are just sitting quiet because we do not want to upset New
Delhi. »
http://www.thedailystar.net/story.php?nid=20981311 NOVEMBER 2011

Focus on climate, food security

17th Saarc Summit ends in Maldives with 20-point Addu Declaration; South Asian leaders also agree to forge effective cooperation for
full implementation of Safta, better connectivity and steps towards Saarc Market
for Electricity
http://www.thedailystar.net/story.php?nid=209811

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 4 January in Asian history

1951-01-04 Chinois prennent Seoul

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 4 JANUARY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “Conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on January 4, 2018

1897: In the Philippines, 11 of the 15 Bicol Martyrs are executed in Bagumbayan by the Spanish
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1377/today-in-philippine-history-january-4-1897-11-of-the-15-bicol-martyrs-were-executed-in-bagumbayan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fifteen_Martyrs_of_Bicol

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k4x2lFGzx94

1945:US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack in the Sulu Sea (Philippines)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Ommaney_Bay_(CVE-79)

1945-01-04 Ommaney Bay

1948: Full Independence of Burma from Great Britain. U Nu is named Prime Minister up to June 1956
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day–Burma-Declares-Independence-from-Britain.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_(Burma)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Nu

1948-01-04 Indépendance

1948: The territories occupied by the Dutch demand the foundation of the United States of Indonesia

1951: During the Korean war, Chinese and Korean Communist forces retake Seoul
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/4/newsid_2494000/2494837.stm
http://mattstodayinhistory.blogspot.fr/2006/01/north-korean-and-chinese-armies-take.html

1951-01-04 Chinois prennent Seoul

1962: Agreement between USA and the government of South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem: pacification, democratization, liberalization

1964: French Prime Minister  Pierre Messmer offers a military aid to Cambodia

1966: Conference Indo-Pakistani in Tachkent (Soviet Union), up to 10. The two countries restablish their diplomatic relations

1974: South Vietnamese president Thieu announces that war has resumed
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thieu-announces-war-has-resumed

1975: The first Communist Chinese delegation arrives to Malaysia

1980: President Jimmy Carter announces economic sanctions against Soviet Union which invaded Afghanan on 27 December 1979

2004: Four policemen are killed, a military depot is looted and eighteen schools burned in the Muslim deep south of Thailand, starting a long bloody unrest

2004: Beginning of a diplomatic warming between India and Pakistan after a meeting of the two leaders in Islamabad

2012: The Taliban has confirmed it has come to an « initial agreement » to open a political office overseas as part of peace talks with the US, according to a statement
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/01/201213112718977856.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/04/world/asia/taliban-to-open-qatar-office-in-step-toward-peace-talks.html?_r=1&ref=asia

 

Holidays and observances

 Myanmar: Burma’s Independence day

On 4 January in South Asian history

 ON 4 JANUARY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

Updated on January 4, 2018

1924: Birth of Sebastian Kappen, Indian Jesuit theologian who died on November 30, 1993
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sebastian_Kappen

1931: Death of Maulana Mohammad Ali, Indian Muslim leader, activist, scholar, journalist and poet, born on December 10, 1878
http://www.muslim.org/m-ali/contents.htm

1932: The Indian Congress Party is declared illegal by the British. Mahatmat Gandhi and Nehru are arrested

1932-01-04 UNC interdit Gandhi arrêté

1946: Birth of Dr.S.Rajasekharan, Indian poet and critic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._Rajasekharan

1950: Birth of Khondakar Ashraf Hossain, Bangladesh poet and academic who died on June 16,. 2013
http://www.poemhunter.com/khondakar-ashraf-hossain/biography/

1956: Birth of Sarojini Sahoo, Indian feminist writer
http://sarojinisahoo.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarojini_Sahoo

1957: Birth of Gurdas Maan, Punjabi singer, actor, lyricist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurdas_Maan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=beQg3PxsNcY

1966: Conference Indo-Pakistani in Tachkent (Soviet Union), up to 10. The two countries reestablish their diplomatic relations

1980: President Jimmy Carter announces economic sanctions against Soviet Union which invaded Afghanan on 27 December 1979

1988: Birth of Nabila Jamshed, Indian writer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabila_Jamshed

1994: Death of Rahul Dev Burman, Indian composer and actor, born on June 27, 1939
http://www.panchamonline.com/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/4th-january-1994-r.d.-burman-renowned-music-director-died

2004: During SAARC summit, in Islamabad, general Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee have long talks and decide to have discussions on Kashmir

2011: The governor of Pakistan’s Punjab province, Salman Taseer, is shot dead by an armed man, thought to be part of his security detail, at a busy market in Islamabad
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2011/01/201114115730846269.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/05/world/asia/05pakistan.html?_r=1&ref=asia

2012: The Taliban has confirmed it has come to an « initial agreement » to open a political office overseas as part of peace talks with the US, according to a statement
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/01/201213112718977856.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/04/world/asia/taliban-to-open-qatar-office-in-step-toward-peace-talks.html?_r=1&ref=asia

On 4 January in Southeast Asian history

1948-01-04 Indépendance

ON 4 JANUARY IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on January 4, 2018

1823: Birth of Otto van Rees, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1884-88)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor-General_of_the_Dutch_East_Indies

1897: In the Philippines, 11 of the 15 Bicol Martyrs are executed in Bagumbayan by the Spanish
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1377/today-in-philippine-history-january-4-1897-11-of-the-15-bicol-martyrs-were-executed-in-bagumbayan
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fifteen_Martyrs_of_Bicol

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k4x2lFGzx94

1945: US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack in the Sulu Sea (Philippines)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Ommaney_Bay_(CVE-79)

1945-01-04 Ommaney Bay

1946: In Dutch Indies, Sukarno and Hatta move by night to Yogya, leaving Sjahrir and the more pro-negotiations faction in Jakarta

1948: Full Independence of Burma from Great Britain. U Nu is named Prime Minister up to June 1956
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day–Burma-Declares-Independence-from-Britain.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_(Burma)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Nu

1948-01-04 Indépendance

1948: The territories occupied by the Dutch demand the foundation of the United States of Indonesia

1962: Agreement between USA and the government of South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem: pacification, democratization, liberalization

1964: French Prime Minister  Pierre Messmer offers a military aid to Cambodia

1974: South Vietnamese president Thieu announces that war has resumed
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thieu-announces-war-has-resumed

1974: The Union of Burma is renamed the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma

1975: The first Communist Chinese delegation arrives to Malaysia

1995: Ven. Thich Quang Do who had wroten a 44-page document addressed to Vietnam communist party general secretary Do Muoi detailing the persecution of the UBCV since the communists came to power in Vietnam is arrested (see his trial on August 15)
http://queme.org/en/profile-venerable-thich-quang-head-ubcv/?v=11aedd0e4327
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thích_Quảng_Độ

2004: Four policemen are killed, a military depot is looted and eighteen schools burned in the Muslim deep south of Thailand, starting a long bloody unrest

2008: Death of Jimmy Nah, Singapore comedian and actor, born on April 13, 1968
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Nah

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SIJSd8ysG0k

2011: Philippine police said they had arrested a communist rebel leader following a gunfight in which he was injured. The incident derails peace talks due to resume in a week
http://www.english.rfi.fr/asia-pacific/20110105-philippine-police-capture-communist-rebel-commander

2013: Cambodia’s National Election Committee formally reaffirmes that exiled opposition leader Sam Rainsy is ineligible to run for office or vote in the country’s upcoming élections
http://www.voanews.com/content/cambodian-election-officials-block-rainsy-run/1577815.html

 

Holidays and observances

 Myanmar: Burma’s Independence day

On 4 January in Japan’s history

ON 4 JANUARY IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on January 4, 2018

1564: Death of Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander, born in 1514
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hosokawa_Ujitsuna

1848: Birth of Katsura Taro, Japanese prime minister who died on October 10, 1913
http://www.jref.com/glossary/katsura_taro.shtml
http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/52.html


1868: The restoration of Imperial rule in Japan is formally proclaimed. Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu had earlier resigned his authority to the emperor, agreeing to « be the instrument for carrying out » imperial orders. The Tokugawa Shogunate ends

1929: Birth of Yayoi Kusama, Japanese artist and sculptor
http://www.yayoi-kusama.jp/e/biography/index.html

Yayoi Kusama

1945:US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack in the Sulu Sea (Philippines)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Ommaney_Bay_(CVE-79)

1945-01-04 Ommaney Bay

1953: Death of Prince Chichibu, younger brother of emperor Showa (Hirohito), born on June 25, 1902
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Chichibu

1959: Birth of Yoshitomo Nara, Japanese pop artist
http://www.assemblylanguage.com/reviews/Nara.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRIU6_oKPps

1971: Birth of Junichi Kakizaki, Japanese sculptor
http://www.kuruizaki.com/profile/e_biography.html
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/culture/2007/09/20/stage/butoh-flowers-of-life-and-decay/#.VKg4-L3LTUA

Junichi Kakizaki

 

On 4 January in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 4 JANUARY IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on January 4, 2018

265: Sima Yan, the successor to his father Sima Zhao as the Cao Wei regent, forces Cao Huan to abdicate the throne and establishes the Jin Dynasty
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sima_Yan
http://koei.wikia.com/wiki/Sima_Yan

1077: Birth of Zhezong, 7th Emperor of the Chinese Song dynasty (1085-1100) who died on February 23, 1100
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Zhezong

1897: Birth of Chen Cheng, Chinese politician and military leader, who died on March 5, 1965
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Cheng

1940: Birth of Chinese-born French writer Gao Xingjian, Literature Nobel prize 2000
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2000/gao-bio.html
https://www.widewalls.ch/artist/gao-xingjian/

1951: During the Korean war, Chinese and Korean Communist forces retake Seoul
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/4/newsid_2494000/2494837.stm
http://mattstodayinhistory.blogspot.fr/2006/01/north-korean-and-chinese-armies-take.html

1951-01-04 Chinois prennent Seoul

1970: More than 15,000 people are killed in Tonghai County, China after a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970_Tonghai_earthquake

1975: The first Communist Chinese delegation arrives to Malaysia

1991: Suicide of San Mao, Taiwanese writer, born on March 26, 1943

http://thelostseasons.wordpress.com/2010/02/16/the-life-of-san-mao%E3%80%8A%E5%9B%9E%E5%A3%B0%E3%80%8B/

1992: Establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Tajikistan