Daily Archives: 25 décembre 2017

On 25 December in Asian history

ON 25 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet, type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on December 25, 2017

1680: The first Siamese embassy to Europe leaves Ayutthaya to offer the ceding of Singora (today’s city of Songkhla in southern Thailand) to France. But the vessel on which the embassy travels never reaches Europe as it sinks while on the way carrying everything and everybody on board to the bottom of the sea

1784: Birth of Yosa Buson, Japanese painter, born in 1716
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yosa_Buson
http://www.google.fr/search?q=Yosa+Buson&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=1N71TovKAYLJhAe0toTWCg&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBMQ_AUoAQ&biw=631&bih=404

1861: Birth of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University, who died in 1946
http://www.bhu.ac.in/mahamana.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/25th-december-1861-madan-mohan-malaviya-indian-educator-and-nationalist-was-born

1868: Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaido
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ezo

1876: Birth of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the father of Pakistan independence who died on September 11, 1948
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P009

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_t_5FcVk4rU

1915: Death of Huang Yuanyong, Chine writer born on January 15, 1885
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huang_Yuanyong

1919: Birth of Naushad Ali, Indian composer and director who died on may 5, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naushad
http://www.arabnews.com/naushad-ali-india%E2%80%99s-foremost-music-director

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Y2rCwNeXK4

1920: The Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) joins the Communist International

1921: Birth of Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah Pakistani journalist and writer, who died on September 10, 2000
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaib-un-Nissa_Hamidullah

1924: birth of Shri Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, shortly Indian prime minister in 1996 and from March 19 1998 to Mai 13, 2004
http://www.bjp.org/leadership/shri-atal-bihari-vajpayee
http://www.nndb.com/people/448/000044316/

1926: Emperor Taisho of Japan dies. His son Hirohito succeeds him as Emperor Showa


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taish%C5%8D
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/hirohito_emperor.shtml

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8ZJwV4HNF4&feature=related

1927: The Vietnamese Nationalist Party is founded
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalist_Party_of_Greater_Vietnam

1927: Birth of Ram Narayan, Indian sarangi player
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_Narayan

1932: A magnitude 7,6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills around 70,000 people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1932_Changma_earthquake

1932-12-25 Gansu

1933: Birth of Phan Van Khai, Vietnam Prime Minister 1997-2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phan_V%C4%83n_Kh%E1%BA%A3i

1936: Birth of Ismail Merchant, Indian-born film producer who died on May 25, 2005
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_Merchant
http://www.merchantivory.com/ismail.html

1937: Birth of of Maung Aye, number 2 in the Burma military junta from 1993 to 2011
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maung_Aye

1937: The Chinese communist forces in South China which did not embark on the Long March establish the New Fourth Army to fight the Japanese with the Kuomintang forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Fourth_Army

1939: Birth of Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader, killed on October 8, 2013
http://www.samye.org/arbio1.htm
http://www.buddhanet.net/masters/akong.htm

1941: Hong Kong falls under Japanese forces
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-surrender-hong-kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hong_Kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_Hong_Kong

1941-12-25 Jap victory

1941: As Japanese troops advance towards Manila, on the advice of President Quezon, General MacArthur declares Manila an open city

1941: Admiral Chester W Nimitz arrives at Pearl Harbor to assume command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet

1944: Birth of Mani Kaul, Indian filmmaker who died on July 6, 2011
http://chaosmag.in/manikaul.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5jlQNa3VHY

1946: The National Constituent Assembly adopts the Constitution of the Republic of China (promulgated by the National government on 1st January 1947 and into effect on 25 December 1947)

1947: The Dutch create the state of East Sumatra

1947: The constitution of the Republic of China (KMT) enters into effect
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_the_Republic_of_China

1949: Birth of Nawaz Sharif, leader of the Muslim League and Prime Minister of Pakistan
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P027
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6959782.stm

1968: 42 Dalits are burned alive in Kilavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, India, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit labourers

1972: Death of Rajaji (Rajagopalachari), India’s freedom fighter and first Indian Governor General after independence
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/crajagopalachari.html

1974: Birth of Nagma, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagma

1977: Birth of Uhm Ji-won, South Korean actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uhm_Ji-won


http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x82arm_new-mv-jin-ju-miro-feat-uhm-ji-won_music

1978: Democratic Kampuchea (Khmers Rouges) is invaded by Vietnamese troop


http://www.metacafe.com/watch/yt-cR884ADWf3g/cambodia_vietnam_invasion_of_kampuchea_1of5_en/
http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-2226.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11859.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mU6VC99gEgc

1979: Soviet forces land in Kabul, the Afghan capital
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan

1980: Birth of Reika Hashimoto, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reika_Hashimoto

1980: The Politburo of the Communist Party of China issued an « open letter » to all members of the party and the Communist youth league, urging them to take the lead in having only one child

1988: Death of Ooka Shohei, Japanese novelist, born on March 6, 1909
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ooka_Shohei

1994: Death of Giani Zail Singh, President of India (1982-1987), born on May 5, 1916
http://www.sikh-history.com/sikhhist/personalities/zail.html

1998: Khmer Rouge leaders Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea surrender to the Phnom Penh regime
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/242577.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/242670.stm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11859.html

1998: Ma Ying-jeou becomes mayor of Taipei, up to December 25, 2006
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/New+Taipei+Mayor+Ma+Ying-jeou+sworn+in.-a053537294

2001: In Vietnam, the Xth National Assembly adopts amendments to the 1992 constitution at its 10th session

2003: Second attempt to assassinate Pakistani President Musharraf causing a dozen of deads
http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2003/12/25/musharraf031225.html

2005: Sri Lankan Tamil MP Joseph Pararajasingham is shot dead as he attends midnight mass at St. Mary’s Cathedral, Batticaloa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Pararajasingham

2008: China has detained 59 people in Tibet for spreading rumours and trying to stir up racial hatred and incite violence, state media reports. They are also accused of downloading « reactionary » songs from the internet for distribution within Tibet
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7799552.stm

2009: Leading Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo is jailed for 11 years for « inciting subversion of state power », after a trial condemned in the West
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/12/200912252121168471.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/25/world/asia/25china.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8430409.stm

2010: Pakistan — A suicide bomber, believed to be a woman, attacked a checkpoint in the northwestern tribal area on Saturday where people displaced by fighting were lining up for food. At least 43 people were killed and about 100 wounded,
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/26/world/asia/26pstan.html?_r=1&ref=asia

2015: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi makes a surprise stopover in Pakistan to meet his counterpart, Nawaz Sharif, the first time an Indian premier has visited the rival nation in over a decade
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2015-12-26/indian-pm-narendra-modi-makes-surprise-visit-to-pakistan-first-time-in-more-than-a-decade/1529930
http://www.dw.com/en/india-pm-narendra-modi-leaves-lahore-after-surprise-pakistan-visit/a-18942319
http://www.dawn.com/news/1228735/modi-arrives-in-lahore-on-surprise-visit

 

Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Quaid-e-Azam’s Day

Republic of China (Taiwan): Constitution Day

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 25 December Asian history

 

WARS, CONFLICTS AND  STRATEGY ON 25 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on December 25, 2017

1680: The first Siamese embassy to Europe leaves Ayutthaya to offer the ceding of Singora (today’s city of Songkhla in southern Thailand) to France. But the vessel on which the embassy travels never reaches Europe as it sinks while on the way carrying everything and everybody on board to the bottom of the sea

1868: Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaido
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ezo

1920: The Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) joins the Communist International

1927: The Vietnamese Nationalist Party is founded

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalist_Party_of_Greater_Vietnam

1937: The Chinese communist forces in South China which did not embark on the Long March establish the New Fourth Army to fight the Japanese with the Kuomintang forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Fourth_Army

1941: Hong Kong falls under Japanese forces
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-surrender-hong-kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hong_Kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_Hong_Kong

1941-12-25 Jap victory

1941: As Japanese troops advance towards Manila, on the advice of President Quezon, General MacArthur declares Manila an open city and removed the Commonwealth government to Corregidor

1941: Admiral Chester W Nimitz arrives at Pearl Harbor to assume command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet

1947: The Dutch create the state of East Sumatra

1978: Democratic Kampuchea (Khmers Rouges) is invaded by Vietnamese troop

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/yt-cR884ADWf3g/cambodia_vietnam_invasion_of_kampuchea_1of5_en/
http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-2226.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11859.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mU6VC99gEgc

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/yt-cR884ADWf3g/cambodia_vietnam_invasion_of_kampuchea_1of5_en/
http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-2226.html

1979: Soviet forces land in Kabul, the Afghan capital
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan

1998: Khmer Rouge leaders Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea surrender to the Phnom Penh regime
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/242577.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/242670.stm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11859.html

2010: Pakistan — A suicide bomber, believed to be a woman, attacked a checkpoint in the northwestern tribal area on Saturday where people displaced by fighting were lining up for food. At least 43 people were killed and about 100 wounded,
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/26/world/asia/26pstan.html?_r=1&ref=asia

On 25 December in South Asian history

ON 25 DECEMBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on December 25, 2017

1861: Birth of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University, who died in 1946
http://www.bhu.ac.in/mahamana.htm
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/25th-december-1861-madan-mohan-malaviya-indian-educator-and-nationalist-was-born

1876: Birth of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the father of Pakistan independence who died on September 11, 1948


http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P009

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_t_5FcVk4rU

1919: Birth of Naushad Ali, Indian composer and director who died on may 5, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naushad
http://www.arabnews.com/naushad-ali-india%E2%80%99s-foremost-music-director

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Y2rCwNeXK4

1921: Birth of Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah Pakistani journalist and writer, who died on September 10, 2000
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaib-un-Nissa_Hamidullah

1924: birth of Shri Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, shortly Indian prime minister in 1996 and from March 19 1998 to Mai 13, 2004
http://www.bjp.org/leadership/shri-atal-bihari-vajpayee
http://www.nndb.com/people/448/000044316/

1927: Birth of Ram Narayan, Indian sarangi player
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_Narayan

1936: Birth of Ismail Merchant, Indian-born film producer who died on May 25, 2005
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ismail_Merchant
http://www.merchantivory.com/ismail.html

1939: Birth of Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader, killed on October 8, 2013
http://www.samye.org/arbio1.htm
http://www.buddhanet.net/masters/akong.htm

1944: Birth of Mani Kaul, Indian filmmaker who died on July 6, 2011
http://chaosmag.in/manikaul.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5jlQNa3VHY

1949: Birth of Nawaz Sharif, leader of the Muslim League and Prime Minister of Pakistan
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P027
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6959782.stm

1968: 42 Dalits are burned alive in Kilavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, India, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit labourers

1972: Death of Rajaji (Rajagopalachari), India’s freedom fighter and first Indian Governor General after independence
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/crajagopalachari.html

1974: Birth of Nagma, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagma

1979: Soviet forces land in Kabul, the Afghan capital
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan

1994: Death of Giani Zail Singh, President of India (1982-1987), born on May 5, 1916
http://www.sikh-history.com/sikhhist/personalities/zail.html

2003: Second attempt to assassinate Pakistani President Musharraf causing a dozen of deads
http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2003/12/25/musharraf031225.html

2005: Sri Lankan Tamil MP Joseph Pararajasingham is shot dead as he attends midnight mass at St. Mary’s Cathedral, Batticaloa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Pararajasingham

2008: China has detained 59 people in Tibet for spreading rumours and trying to stir up racial hatred and incite violence, state media reports. They are also accused of downloading « reactionary » songs from the internet for distribution within Tibet
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7799552.stm

2010: Pakistan — A suicide bomber, believed to be a woman, attacked a checkpoint in the northwestern tribal area on Saturday where people displaced by fighting were lining up for food. At least 43 people were killed and about 100 wounded,
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/26/world/asia/26pstan.html?_r=1&ref=asia

2015: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi makes a surprise stopover in Pakistan to meet his counterpart, Nawaz Sharif, the first time an Indian premier has visited the rival nation in over a decade
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2015-12-26/indian-pm-narendra-modi-makes-surprise-visit-to-pakistan-first-time-in-more-than-a-decade/1529930
http://www.dw.com/en/india-pm-narendra-modi-leaves-lahore-after-surprise-pakistan-visit/a-18942319
http://www.dawn.com/news/1228735/modi-arrives-in-lahore-on-surprise-visit

 

Holidays and observances

Pakistan: Quaid-e-Azam’s Day

On 25 December in Southeast Asian history

ON 25 DECEMBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on December 25, 2017

1680: The first Siamese embassy to Europe leaves Ayutthaya to offer the ceding of Singora (today’s city of Songkhla in southern Thailand) to France. But the vessel on which the embassy travels never reaches Europe as it sinks while on the way carrying everything and everybody on board to the bottom of the sea

1920: The Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) joins the Communist International

1927: The Vietnamese Nationalist Party is founded
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationalist_Party_of_Greater_Vietnam

1933: Birth of Phan Van Khai, Vietnam Prime Minister 1997-2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phan_V%C4%83n_Kh%E1%BA%A3i

1937: Birth of of Maung Aye, number 2 in the Burma military junta from 1993 to 2011
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maung_Aye

1941: As Japanese troops advance towards Manila,.on the advice of President Quezon, General MacArthur declares Manila an open city and removed the Commonwealth government to Corregidor

1947: The Dutch create the state of East Sumatra

1978: Democratic Kampuchea (Khmers Rouges) is invaded by Vietnamese troop

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/yt-cR884ADWf3g/cambodia_vietnam_invasion_of_kampuchea_1of5_en/
http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-2226.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11859.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mU6VC99gEgc
http://www.metacafe.com/watch/yt-cR884ADWf3g/cambodia_vietnam_invasion_of_kampuchea_1of5_en/
http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-2226.html

1998: Khmer Rouge leaders Khieu Samphan and Nuon Chea surrender to the Phnom Penh regime
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/242577.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/242670.stm

2001: In Vietnam, the Xth National Assembly adopts amendments to the 1992 constitution at its 10th session

 

On 25 December in Japan’s history

ON 25 DECEMBER IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on December 25, 2017

1784: Birth of Yosa Buson, Japanese painter, born in 1716
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yosa_Buson
http://www.google.fr/search?q=Yosa+Buson&hl=fr&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=1N71TovKAYLJhAe0toTWCg&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CBMQ_AUoAQ&biw=631&bih=404

1868: Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaido
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ezo

1926: Emperor Taisho of Japan dies. His son Hirohito succeeds him as Emperor Showa


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taish%C5%8D
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/hirohito_emperor.shtml

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8ZJwV4HNF4&feature=related

1941: Hong Kong falls under Japanese forces
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-surrender-hong-kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hong_Kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_Hong_Kong

1941-12-25 Jap victory

1941: As Japanese troops advance towards Manila, on the advice of President Quezon, General MacArthur declares Manila an open city and removed the Commonwealth government to Corregidor

1980: Birth of Reika Hashimoto, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reika_Hashimoto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yz4IK0E3yDc

1988: Death of Ooka Shohei, Japanese novelist, born on March 6, 1909
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ooka_Shohei

 

On 25 December in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1941-12-25 Jap victory

ON 25 DECEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on December 25, 2017

1915: Death of Huang Yuanyong, Chine writer born on January 15, 1885
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huang_Yuanyong

1932: A magnitude 7,6 earthquake in Gansu, China kills around 70,000 people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1932_Changma_earthquake

1932-12-25 Gansu

1937: The Chinese communist forces in South China which did not embark on the Long March establish the New Fourth Army to fight the Japanese with the Kuomintang forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Fourth_Army

1939: Birth of Akong Rinpoche, Tibetan-Chinese spiritual leader, killed on October 8, 2013
http://www.samye.org/arbio1.htm
http://www.buddhanet.net/masters/akong.htm

1941: Hong Kong falls under Japanese forces
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-surrender-hong-kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hong_Kong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_Hong_Kong

1941-12-25 Jap victory

1946: The National Constituent Assembly adopts the Constitution of the Republic of China (promulgated by the National government on 1st January 1947 and into effect on 25 December 1947)

1947: The constitution of the Republic of China (KMT) enters into effect
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_the_Republic_of_China

1980: The Politburo of the Communist Party of China issued an « open letter » to all members of the party and the Communist youth league, urging them to take the lead in having only one child

1998: Ma Ying-jeou, now president of Taiwan, becomes mayor of Taipei, up to December 25, 2006
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/New+Taipei+Mayor+Ma+Ying-jeou+sworn+in.-a053537294

2009: Leading Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo is jailed for 11 years for « inciting subversion of state power », after a trial condemned in the West
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/12/200912252121168471.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/25/world/asia/25china.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8430409.stm

 

Holidays and observances

Republic of China (Taiwan): Constitution Day