Daily Archives: 21 décembre 2017

On 21 December in Asian history

1942 Collaboration Japon

ON 21 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on December 21, 2017

1788: Hue Tay Son becomes emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam
https://freedomforvietnam.wordpress.com/2010/07/25/the-incredible-the-unbeatable-nguy%E1%BB%85n-hu%E1%BB%87-quang-trung/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguy%E1%BB%85n_Hu%E1%BB%87

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4TbzoqGLZ_Q

1817: Battle of Mahidpur during the Third Anglo-Maratha War between the Marathas and the British led by Sir Thomas Hislop, a town in the Malwa region in India
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mahidpur

1845: During the First Sikh War, battle of Ferozeshah
https://www.britishbattles.com/first-sikh-war/battle-of-ferozeshah/

1873: Francis Garnier, French officer and explorer known for his exploration of the Mekong River is killed by the Black Flag Army while defending Hanoi (Tonkin)
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Black_Flag_Army
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404702394.html

1898: « Benevolent Assimilation” of the Philippines Proclamation of President William McKinley
http://filipino.biz.ph/history/mc981221.html
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1379/today-in-philippine-history-december-21-1898-president-mckinley-issued-the-benevolent-assimilation-proclamation

1905: Birth of Prince Hirobumi Ito who will be the first Japanese governor of Korea
http://www.jref.com/glossary/ito_hirobumi.shtml

1909: Birth of Seicho Matsumoto, Japanese mystery writer and journalist who died on August 4, 1992)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seicho_Matsumoto

1912: Third Japanese government of Katsura Taro, a retired General, up to February 1913
http://www.jref.com/articles/katsura-taro.54/
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Katsura.html

1921: Inauguration in Calcutta (India) of the Victoria Memorial, in memory of the queen Victoria
http://tourism.webindia123.com/tourism/monuments/museums_memorials/victoriamemorial/index.htm
http://www.victoriamemorial-cal.org/

1923: United Kingdom and Nepal sign an agreement of friendship in which UK formally recognizes the independence of Nepal
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal%E2%80%93Britain_Treaty_of_1923

1932: Birth of U. R. Ananthamurthy, Indian author, poet, and critic who died on August 22, 2014 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U._R._Ananthamurthy
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ur-ananthamurthy-19322014/article6343196.ece

1935: By the Commonwealth Act N° 1, the Philippines Military Academy is formaly established
http://www.gobaguio.com/philippine-military-academy.html#.Vnby9jjMvIU
http://www.chanrobles.com/commonwealthacts/commonwealthactno1.html#.VnbbMjjMvIU
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Defense_Act_of_1935

1941: Signature of the Nippon-Thai military alliance called Pact of Alliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand_in_World_War_II
https://thailandworldwar2.weebly.com/japanese-thai-relations-during-wwii.html
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&ved=0ahUKEwiw8Lu5nOvJAhXK0hoKHfzWBzgQFghNMAc&url=http%3A%2F%2Fscholarlycommons.obu.edu%2Fcgi%2Fviewcontent.cgi%3Farticle%3D1152%26context%3Dhonors_theses&usg=AFQjCNGCwmBPWyvYheHHQ7_J9v4Z9sfPsg&sig2=Vw-HDfDCRfL-D_Ww1K9Kkg

1942 Collaboration Japon

1942: Birth of Hu Jintao, General secretary of the CCP (2002-2012) and President of the PRC in 2003-2013 http://asianhistory.about.com/od/profilesofasianleaders/p/HuJinTaoProfile.htm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/2404129.stm

1944: Birth of Zheng Xiaoyu, Chinese bureaucrat, who will become head of China’s State Food and Drug Administration an will be executed for corruption on July 10, 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zheng_Xiaoyu

1946: An 8.1 Mw earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Nankaidō, Japan, kills over 1,300 people and destroys over 38,000 homes
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031920182900899
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/earthquake-sends-tsunami-toward-japan

1949: Dutch First Chamber accepts sovereignty of Indonesia

1955: Birth of Kazuyuki Sekiguchi, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazuyuki_Sekiguchi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rkXTO2OpOZo

1957: Indonesia proclaims end to state of war

1959: Death of Kitaoji Rosanjin, Japanese calligrapher, born on March 23, 1883
http://www.e-yakimono.net/html/rosanjin-kitaoji-jt.html

1961: Birth of Francis Ng, Hong Kong actor
http://www.lovehkfilm.com/people/ng_francis.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_8wOlMwoK0

1961: Birth of Ryuji Sasai, Japanese composer
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryuji_Sasai

1963: Birth of Govinda Ahuja, Indian actor and politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Govinda_Ahuja
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21st-december-1963-govinda-indian-actor-was-born

1969: Thailand announces plans to withdraw its 12,000-man contingent from South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thailand-announces-plans-to-withdraw-troops

1984: Visit to China of Ivan Arkhipov, the highest Soviet leader in Beijing since 1969

1985: Death of Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor, born on January 15, 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamatari_Fujiwara

1985: Russian newspaper  Pravda calls for a « positive dialogue » between the different political forces in Afghanistan «including the ones which have positions hostile to the revolution »

1987: Birth of Valerie Concepcion, Filipina Actress
http://www.celebritiesph.com/actresses/filipino-actresses/valerie-concepcion.html
 
1988: The Chinese dissident Qin Yongmin is condemned to 12 years in jail for having tried to form an opposition party: Chinese Democratic Party

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/profile/qin-yongmin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_Yongmin

1989: Birth of Tamannaah Bhatia, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamannaah_Bhatia

1997: President-elect Kim Dea-jung agrees to pardon his two predecessors Chun Doo-hwan and Roh Taewoo for crime of corruption
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0DEFD6163EF932A15751C1A961958260

2004: Infuriating Beijing, Tokyo delivers a Tourist visa to the ex-Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui


2009: China’s top negotiator on Taiwan affairs arrives in Taipei for trade talks, which some Taiwanese fear could undermine the island’s sovereignty. Ahead of Chen Yunlin’s arrival, tens of thousands of protesters rallied against the visit
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8423799.stm
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/12/2009122154216896636.html

2010: Thailand has agreed to lift an eight-month state of emergency in its capital Bangkok, citing an improved political climate and a less confrontation approach by anti-government « red shirt » protesters
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/12/2010122184023138639.html
http://www.france24.com/en/20101221-thai-government-lifts-state-emergency-bangkok-red-shirts-crackdown

2013: In Malaysia, Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai, former Health minister, is elected as the MCA president and Datuk Dr Wee Ka Siong as deputy president.
http://news.asiaone.com/news/malaysia/mca-polls-former-health-minister-liow-tiong-lai-new-president

2014: Death of Sitor Situmorang, Indonesian poet and author, born on October 2, 1923
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/12/21/sitor-situmorang-senior-indonesian-writer-dies-aged-91.html
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/02/06/sitor-situmorang-a-man-all-reasons.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitor_Situmorang

2016: African island nation Sao Tome cuts diplomatic ties with Taiwan
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2056276/taiwan-losing-out-diplomatic-war-beijing-sao-tome
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/china-welcomes-sao-tomes-split-taiwan
http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201612210023.aspx

 

Holidays and Observances

Philippines: Armed Forces Day

 

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 21 December in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 21 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on December 21, 2017

1817: Battle of Mahidpur during the Third Anglo-Maratha War between the Marathas and the British led by Sir Thomas Hislop, a town in the Malwa region (India)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mahidpur

1845: During the First Sikh War, battle of Ferozeshah
https://www.britishbattles.com/first-sikh-war/battle-of-ferozeshah/

1873: Francis Garnier, French officer and explorer known for his exploration of the Mekong River is killed by the Black Flag Army while defending Hanoi (Tonkin)
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Black_Flag_Army
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404702394.html

1898: « Benevolent Assimilation” of the Philippines Proclamation of President William McKinley
http://filipino.biz.ph/history/mc981221.html
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1379/today-in-philippine-history-december-21-1898-president-mckinley-issued-the-benevolent-assimilation-proclamation

1923: United Kingdom and Nepal sign an agreement of friendship in which UK formally recognizes the independence of Nepal

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal%E2%80%93Britain_Treaty_of_1923

1941: Signature of the Nippon-Thai military alliance or Pact of Alliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand_in_World_War_II
https://thailandworldwar2.weebly.com/japanese-thai-relations-during-wwii.html
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&ved=0ahUKEwiw8Lu5nOvJAhXK0hoKHfzWBzgQFghNMAc&url=http%3A%2F%2Fscholarlycommons.obu.edu%2Fcgi%2Fviewcontent.cgi%3Farticle%3D1152%26context%3Dhonors_theses&usg=AFQjCNGCwmBPWyvYheHHQ7_J9v4Z9sfPsg&sig2=Vw-HDfDCRfL-D_Ww1K9Kkg

1942 Collaboration Japon

1949: Dutch First Chamber accepts sovereignty of Indonesia

1957: Indonesia proclaims end to state of war

1969: Thailand announces plans to withdraw its 12,000-man contingent from South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thailand-announces-plans-to-withdraw-troops

1984: Visit to China of Ivan Arkhipov, the highest Soviet leader in Beijing since 1969

1985: Russian newspaper  Pravda calls for a « positive dialogue » between the different political forces in Afghanistan «including the ones which have positions hostile to the revolution »

On 21 December in South Asian history

ON 21 DECEMBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on December 21, 2017

1817: Battle of Mahidpur during the Third Anglo-Maratha War between the Marathas and the British led by Sir Thomas Hislop at Mahidpur, a town in the Malwa region, India
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mahidpur

1845: During the First Sikh War, battle of Ferozeshah
https://www.britishbattles.com/first-sikh-war/battle-of-ferozeshah/

1921: Inauguration in Calcutta (India) of the Victoria Memorial, in memory of the queen Victoria
http://tourism.webindia123.com/tourism/monuments/museums_memorials/victoriamemorial/index.htm
http://www.victoriamemorial-cal.org/

1923: United Kingdom and Nepal sign an agreement of friendship in which UK formally recognizes the independence of Nepal
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal%E2%80%93Britain_Treaty_of_1923

1932: Birth of U. R. Ananthamurthy, Indian author, poet, and critic who died on August 22, 2014 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U._R._Ananthamurthy
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ur-ananthamurthy-19322014/article6343196.ece

1963: Birth of Govinda Ahuja, Indian actor and politician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Govinda_Ahuja
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21st-december-1963-govinda-indian-actor-was-born

1985: Russian newspaper  Pravda calls for a « positive dialogue » between the different political forces in Afghanistan «including the ones which have positions hostile to the revolution »

1989: Birth of Tamannaah Bhatia, Indian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamannaah_Bhatia

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a0cy0b1RpPE

 

 

On 21 December in Southeast Asian history

ON 21 DECEMBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on December 21, 2017

1873: Francis Garnier, French officer and explorer known for his exploration of the Mekong River is killed by the Black Flag Army while defending Hanoi (Tonkin)
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Black_Flag_Army
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404702394.html

1898: « Benevolent Assimilation” of the Philippines Proclamation of President William McKinley
http://filipino.biz.ph/history/mc981221.html
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1379/today-in-philippine-history-december-21-1898-president-mckinley-issued-the-benevolent-assimilation-proclamation

1941: Signature of the Nippon-Thai military alliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand_in_World_War_II
https://thailandworldwar2.weebly.com/japanese-thai-relations-during-wwii.html
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&ved=0ahUKEwiw8Lu5nOvJAhXK0hoKHfzWBzgQFghNMAc&url=http%3A%2F%2Fscholarlycommons.obu.edu%2Fcgi%2Fviewcontent.cgi%3Farticle%3D1152%26context%3Dhonors_theses&usg=AFQjCNGCwmBPWyvYheHHQ7_J9v4Z9sfPsg&sig2=Vw-HDfDCRfL-D_Ww1K9Kkg

1942 Collaboration Japon

1949: Dutch First Chamber accepts sovereignty of Indonesia

1957: Indonesia proclaims end to state of war

1969: Thailand announces plans to withdraw its 12,000-man contingent from South Vietnam
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thailand-announces-plans-to-withdraw-troops

1987: Birth of Valerie Concepcion, Filipina Actress
http://www.celebritiesph.com/actresses/filipino-actresses/valerie-concepcion.html
 
2010: Thailand has agreed to lift an eight-month state of emergency in its capital Bangkok, citing an improved political climate and a less confrontation approach by anti-government « red shirt » protesters.
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/12/2010122184023138639.html
http://www.france24.com/en/20101221-thai-government-lifts-state-emergency-bangkok-red-shirts-crackdown

2013: In Malaysia, Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai, former Health minister, is elected as the MCA president and Datuk Dr Wee Ka Siong as deputy president.
http://news.asiaone.com/news/malaysia/mca-polls-former-health-minister-liow-tiong-lai-new-president

2014: Death of Sitor Situmorang, Indonesian poet and author, born on October 2, 1923
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/12/21/sitor-situmorang-senior-indonesian-writer-dies-aged-91.html
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/02/06/sitor-situmorang-a-man-all-reasons.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitor_Situmorang

 

Holidays and Observances

Philippines: Armed Forces Day

 

On 21 December in Japan’s history

ON 21 DECEMBER IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on December 21, 2017

1905: Birth of Prince Hirobumi Ito who will be the first Japanese governor of Korea
http://www.jref.com/glossary/ito_hirobumi.shtml

1909: Birth of Seicho Matsumoto, Japanese mystery writer and journalist who died on August 4, 1992)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seicho_Matsumoto

1912: Third Japanese government of Katsura Taro, a retired General, up to February 1913
http://www.jref.com/articles/katsura-taro.54/
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Katsura.html

1941: Signature of the Nippon-Thai military alliance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand_in_World_War_II
https://thailandworldwar2.weebly.com/japanese-thai-relations-during-wwii.html
http://www.google.fr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&ved=0ahUKEwiw8Lu5nOvJAhXK0hoKHfzWBzgQFghNMAc&url=http%3A%2F%2Fscholarlycommons.obu.edu%2Fcgi%2Fviewcontent.cgi%3Farticle%3D1152%26context%3Dhonors_theses&usg=AFQjCNGCwmBPWyvYheHHQ7_J9v4Z9sfPsg&sig2=Vw-HDfDCRfL-D_Ww1K9Kkg

1942 Collaboration Japon

1946: An 8.1 Mw earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Nankaidō, Japan, kills over 1,300 people and destroys over 38,000 homes
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0031920182900899
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/earthquake-sends-tsunami-toward-japa

1955: Birth of Kazuyuki Sekiguchi, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazuyuki_Sekiguchi

1959: Death of Kitaoji Rosanjin, Japanese calligrapher, born on March 23, 1883
http://www.e-yakimono.net/html/rosanjin-kitaoji-jt.html

1961: Birth of Ryuji Sasai, Japanese composer
http://squarehaven.com/people/Ryuji-Sasai/

1985: Death of Kamatari Fujiwara, Japanese actor, born on January 15, 1905
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamatari_Fujiwara

2004: Infuriating Beijing, Tokyo delivers a Tourist visa to the ex-Taiwanese president Lee Teng-hui