Daily Archives: 12 décembre 2017

On 12 December in Asian history

ON 12 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on December 12, 2017

1765: Death of Chinese painter Zheng Xie, born in 1693
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11634.html
http://www.chinaonlinemuseum.com/gallery-zheng-xie.php

Zheng Xie

1862: Birth of Cao Kun, Chinese military leader of the  Zhili clique in the Beiyang Army, who died on May 15, 1938
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cao_Kun

1903: Birth of Yasujiro Ozu, one of the most famous  Japanese film director, who died on December 12, 1963 (see below)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yasujir%C5%8D_Ozu
http://www.filmref.com/directors/dirpages/ozu.html
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0654868/

1911: King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are enthroned  as Emperor and Empress of India. The king announces that Delhi will replace Calcutta as the capital of  India after the building of New Delhi
http://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2011/11/11/why-delhi-the-move-from-calcutta/

1912: Birth of Prince Boun Oum, twice Laos’ prime  minister (1948-1950) and (1960-1962)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boun_Oum

1915: Chinese president Yuan Shi-kai announces his intention to restore  the monarchy for himself
http://www.gwpda.org/bio/xyz/yuansh.html

1929: Birth of Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese musician
http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/literature-and-arts/music-popular-and-jazz-biographies/toshiko-akiyoshi
https://www.arts.gov/honors/jazz/toshiko-akiyoshi

1932: USSR and China resume diplomatic relations

1936: In what is called “Xi’an incident” the generalissimo of Republic  of China, Chiang Kai-shek, is arrested by general Zhang Xueliang who demands an  alliance with the Red Army to fight the Japanese invaders
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi%27an_incident
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11643.html
https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=242

1937: Japanese aircraft shell and sink US gunboat Panay on Yangzijiang  in China. (Japan will apologize and eventually paid US $2.2 million in  reparations)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panay_incident

1940: Birth of Sharad Pawar, Indian politician,  president of National Congress Party which was founded by him in 1999
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6167853.stm

1941: Fifty four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field,  Philippines. Jesus Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off.  Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero is killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_Villamor

1941: After the December 8 Japanese attack on the Philippines, American  aircraft being entirely destroyed on the ground, lacking air cover, the  American Asiatic Fleet in the Philippines withdrew to Java

1941: USMC F4F « Wildcats » sink the first 4 major Japanese  ships off Wake Island

1941: India declares war on Japan

1948: During the Malayan emergency, Scots Guards allegedly massacre 24  unarmed civilians in the village of Batang Kali
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/3897147.stm

1950: Birth of Rajinikanth, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajinikanth
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/12th-december-1950-rajinikanth-indian-actor-and-superstar-was-born

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USopIY5IK84

1963: Despite December 6 call from Soviet Union to appease the  contraversy, the People’s Daily accuses the Soviet of betraying Marxism

1963: Death of Yusujiro Ozu, Japanese film director, born on December 12, 1903 (see above)
http://www.criterion.com/explore/22

1964: Death of Maithili Sharan Gupt Indian poet, born on August 3, 1866
http://www.poemhunter.com/maithili-sharan-gupt/biography/
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/maithili-sharan-gupt.html

1966: Birth of Pops Fernandez, Filipino singer and actress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pops_Fernandez
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/pops-fernandez-mn0001396473

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6CUYJ9v5tBE

1967: Birth of Yuzo Koshiro, Japanese composer
http://segaretro.org/Yuzo_Koshiro
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuzo_Koshiro

1967: Birth of Takenobu Mitsuyoshi, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takenobu_Mitsuyoshi


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwLLwpRfl-8

1968: Japanese writer Kawabata Yasunari receives the Nobel Prize for  Literature
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1968/kawabata-bio.html
http://neojaponisme.com/2008/04/11/kawabata-mishima-the-nobel-prize/
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1968/kawabata-speech.html

1969 : The Philippine Civic Action Group, a 1,350-man contingent from the Army of the Philippines, departs South Vietnam.
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/philippine-soldiers-depart-south-vietnam

1978: General elections in South Korea, the party in power is weakened

1979: Coup d’état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General  Chun Doo-hwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa  without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the  assassination of ex-President Park Chung Hee
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C3%A9tat_of_December_Twelfth

1979: President of Pakistan, Zia-ul-Haq, confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Order of Excellence) on Nobel  laureate Dr Abdus Salam
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/salam-bio.html

1989: Britain begins the forced repatriation of Vietnamese refugees from  camps in Hong Kong
http://articles.latimes.com/1989-12-14/news/mn-365_1_hong-kong
http://www.e-ir.info/2012/06/29/did-the-unhcr-fail-vietnamese-refugees-in-hong-kong/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lVEXSxO-8Q8

1990: Birth of Seungri, Korean Singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seungri

1995: Death of David Marshall, first Singapore Chief  Minister (1955-1956), born on March 12, 1908
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-david-marshall-1526489.html
http://www.nas.gov.sg/archivesonline/article/david-marshall-first-chief-minister
https://singapore2025.wordpress.com/2010/10/22/marshall-of-Singapore/

David Marshall

1996: India and Bangladesh sign the sharing of the Ganges water treaty
http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ahmad20m/politics/treaty96text.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharing_the_water_of_the_Ganges

2002: Pyongyang announces that because the deliveries of oil by Korean  peninsula Energy Development Organization (Kedo) have been suspended, North  Korea reactivates its nuclear plants
http://www.kedo.org/

2003: Death of Gangodawila Soma Thero, Sri Lankan monk, born on April 24, 1948
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangodawila_Soma_Thero

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qA-xrQ0UbaQ

2005: Sam Rainsy, Cambodia opposition leader, in  exile, is condemned to 18 months in jail for slandering the government
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/138764.stm

2005: Death of Ramanand Sagar, Indian director, born December 29, 1917
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0755997/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm
http://www.mohdrafi.com/meri-awaaz-suno/rafi-with-ramanand-sagar.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramanand_Sagar

2008: Taiwan’s prosecutors indicts Chen Shui-bian, the  former president, over a series of corruption-related scandals. The charges  filed are the first against Chen since he was arrested on November 12 on  suspicion of graft, forgery, money laundering and other crimes
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-indictment/taiwan-ex-president-chen-charged-with-corruption-idUSTRE4BB1L020081212

2008: Pakistan’s authorities move to close down the  offices of Jamaat-ud-Dawa, a charity run by the founder of the group India has  blamed for last month’s attacks on Mumbai in which more than 170 people died.  Analysts and diplomats have suggested that the charity is being used as a front  for Lashkar-e-Taiba
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/12/20081211165936763523.html
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-indictment/taiwan-ex-president-chen-charged-with-corruption-idUSTRE4BB1L020081212

2012: North Korea successfully launches its first satellite, using a Unha-3 carrier rocket. Immediatly condemned by the UN security council
http://www.space.com/18867-north-korea-rocket-launch-satellite.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-20690338
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20697922

2013: North Korea has executed the uncle of its leader Kim Jong-un days after he was dismissed, state news agency KCNA announced, branding the once-powerful Jang Song-thaek a traitor
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/12/n-korea-executes-uncle-leader-kim-jong-un-2013121221458939462.html
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/12/north-korea-jang-song-thaek-executed

2013: Bangladesh hangs opposition leader Abdul Quader Mollah over war crimes, making him the first person to be put to death for massacres committed during the country’s bloody 1971 war of independence.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/southasia/2013/12/bangladesh-politician-be-executed-20131212622649656.html
http://www.voanews.com/content/bangladesh-supreme-court-will-not-review-death-penalty/1808614.html

2013: Former Thai prime minister Abhisit Vejjajiva is indicted for murder in connection with a deadly military crackdown on mass opposition protests in Bangkok three years ago
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/thailand/10512614/Former-Thai-PM-indicted-for-murder.html
http://www.euronews.com/2013/12/12/former-thai-prime-minister-charged-with-murder/

2014: The wife of Thailand’s Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn, Srirasmi, has resigned her royal position, the palace announces
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-30458296

2014: Hong Kong publishing tycoon Jimmy Lai, an outspoken critic of Beijing, has stepped down as editor-in-chief of the popular Apple Daily newspaper after being arrested for refusing to leave a key pro-democracy protest site in the centre of the city
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/12/hong-kong-media-tycoon-resigns-after-arrest-201412125059872695.html

2015 : Lao authorities impose a curfew in north-central Xaysomboun Province after a spate of violence in which three government soldiers and three civilians were killed

2016 : Pro-democracy camp takes record quarter of seats on Election Committee that will choose Hong Kong’s leader
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/politics/article/2053833/pro-democracy-filmmaker-makes-breakthrough-win-seat-election?utm_source=&utm_medium=&utm_campaign=SCMPSocialNewsfeed

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 12 December in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 12 DECEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on December 12, 2017

1936: In what is called “Xi’an incident” the generalissimo of Republic  of China, Chiang Kai-shek, is arrested by general Zhang Xueliang who demands an  alliance with the Red Army to fight the Japanese invaders
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi%27an_incident
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11643.html
https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=242

1937: Japanese aircraft shell and sink US gunboat Panay on Yangzijiang  in China. (Japan will apologize and eventually paid US $2.2 million in  reparations)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panay_incident

1941: Fifty four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field,  Philippines. Jesus Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off;  Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero is killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_Villamor

1941: After the December 8 Japanese attack on the Philippines, American  aircraft being entirely destroyed on the ground, lacking air cover, the  American Asiatic Fleet in the Philippines withdrew to Java

1941: USMC F4F « Wildcats » sink the first 4 major Japanese  ships off Wake Island

1941: India declares war on Japan

1948: During the Malayan emergency, Scots Guards allegedly massacre 24  unarmed civilians in the village of Batang Kali
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/3897147.stm

1963: Despite December 6 call from Soviet Union to appease the  contraversy, the People’s Daily accuses the Soviet of betraying Marxism

1979: Coup d’état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General  Chun Doo-hwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa  without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the  assassination of ex-President Park Chung Hee
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C3%A9tat_of_December_Twelfth

1996-India and Bangladesh sign the sharing of the Ganges water treaty
http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ahmad20m/politics/treaty96text.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharing_the_water_of_the_Ganges

2002: Pyongyang announces that because the deliveries of oil by Korean  peninsula Energy Development Organization (Kedo) have been suspended, North  Korea reactivates its nuclear plants
http://www.kedo.org/

2012: North Korea successfully launches its first satellite, using a Unha-3 carrier rocket. Immediatly condemned by the UN security council
http://www.space.com/18867-north-korea-rocket-launch-satellite.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-20690338
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20697922

On 12 December in South Asian history

ON 12 DECEMBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on December 12, 2017

1911: King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are enthroned  as Emperor and Empress of India. The king announces that Delhi will replace Calcutta as the capital of  India after the building of New Delhi
http://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2011/11/11/why-delhi-the-move-from-calcutta/

1940: Birth of Sharad Pawar, Indian politician,  president of National Congress Party which was founded by him in 1999
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6167853.stm

1941: India declares war on Japan

1950: Birth of Rajinikanth, Indian actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajinikanth
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/12th-december-1950-rajinikanth-indian-actor-and-superstar-was-born

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USopIY5IK84

1964: Death of Maithili Sharan Gupt Indian poet, born on August 3, 1866
http://www.poemhunter.com/maithili-sharan-gupt/biography/
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/maithili-sharan-gupt.html

1979: President of Pakistan, Zia-ul-Haq, confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Order of Excellence) on Nobel  laureate Dr Abdus Salam
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/salam-bio.html

1996: India and Bangladesh sign the sharing of the Ganges water treaty
http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~ahmad20m/politics/treaty96text.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharing_the_water_of_the_Ganges

2003: Death of Gangodawila Soma Thero, Sri Lankan monk, born on April 24, 1948
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangodawila_Soma_Thero

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qA-xrQ0UbaQ

2005: Death of Ramanand Sagar, Indian director, born December 29, 1917
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0755997/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm
http://www.mohdrafi.com/meri-awaaz-suno/rafi-with-ramanand-sagar.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramanand_Sagar

2008: Pakistan’s authorities move to close down the  offices of Jamaat-ud-Dawa, a charity run by the founder of the group India has  blamed for last month’s attacks on Mumbai in which more than 170 people died.  Analysts and diplomats have suggested that the charity is being used as a front  for Lashkar-e-Taiba
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/12/20081211165936763523.html

2013: Bangladesh hangs opposition leader Abdul Quader Mollah over war crimes, making him the first person to be put to death for massacres committed during the country’s bloody 1971 war of independence.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/southasia/2013/12/bangladesh-politician-be-executed-20131212622649656.html
http://www.voanews.com/content/bangladesh-supreme-court-will-not-review-death-penalty/1808614.html

On 12 December in Southeast Asian history

David Marshall

ON 12 DECEMBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on December 12, 2017

1912: Birth of Prince Boun Oum, twice Laos’ prime  minister (7-1950) and (1960-1962)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boun_Oum

1941: Fifty four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field,  Philippines. Jesus Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off;  Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero is killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_Villamor

1941: After the December 8 Japanese attack on the Philippines, American  aircraft being entirely destroyed on the ground, lacking air cover, the  American Asiatic Fleet in the Philippines withdrew to Java

1948: During the Malayan emergency, Scots Guards allegedly massacre 24  unarmed civilians in the village of Batang Kali
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/3897147.stm

1966: Birth of Pops Fernandez, Filipino singer and actress
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pops_Fernandez
http://www.allmusic.com/artist/pops-fernandez-mn0001396473

1989: Britain begins the forced repatriation of Vietnamese refugees from  camps in Hong Kong
http://articles.latimes.com/1989-12-14/news/mn-365_1_hong-kong
http://www.e-ir.info/2012/06/29/did-the-unhcr-fail-vietnamese-refugees-in-hong-kong/

1995: Death of David Marshall, first Singapore Chief  Minister (1955-1956), born on March 12, 1908
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-david-marshall-1526489.html
http://www.nas.gov.sg/archivesonline/article/david-marshall-first-chief-minister
https://singapore2025.wordpress.com/2010/10/22/marshall-of-Singapore/

David Marshall

2005: Sam Rainsy, Cambodia opposition leader, in  exile, is condemned to 18 months in jail for slandering the government
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/138764.stm

2013: Former Thai prime minister Abhisit Vejjajiva is indicted for murder in connection with a deadly military crackdown on mass opposition protests in Bangkok three years ago
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/thailand/10512614/Former-Thai-PM-indicted-for-murder.html
http://www.euronews.com/2013/12/12/former-thai-prime-minister-charged-with-murder/

2015 : Lao authorities impose a curfew in north-central Xaysomboun Province after a spate of violence in which three government soldiers and three civilians were killed

On 12 December in Japan’s history

ON 12 DECEMBER IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on December 12, 2017

1903: Birth of Yasujiro Ozu, one of the most famous  Japanese film director, who died on December 12, 1963 (see below)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yasujir%C5%8D_Ozu
http://www.filmref.com/directors/dirpages/ozu.html
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0654868/

1929: Birth of Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese musician
http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/literature-and-arts/music-popular-and-jazz-biographies/toshiko-akiyoshi
https://www.arts.gov/honors/jazz/toshiko-akiyoshi

1936: In what is called “Xi’an incident” the generalissimo of Republic  of China, Chiang Kai-shek, is arrested by general Zhang Xueliang who demands an  alliance with the Red Army to fight the Japanese invaders
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi%27an_incident
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11643.html
https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=242

1937: Japanese aircraft shell and sink US gunboat Panay on Yangzijiang  in China. (Japan will apologize and eventually paid US $2.2 million in  reparations)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panay_incident

1941: Fifty four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field,  Philippines. Jesus Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off;  Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero is killed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_Villamor

1941: After the December 8 Japanese attack on the Philippines, American  aircraft being entirely destroyed on the ground, lacking air cover, the  American Asiatic Fleet in the Philippines withdrew to Java

1941: USMC F4F « Wildcats » sink the first 4 major Japanese  ships off Wake Island

1941: India declares war on Japan

1963: Birth of Ai Orikasa, Japanese voice actress and  singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ai_Orikasa

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ENkkmjGtleI

1963: Despite December 6 call from Soviet Union to appease the  contraversy, the People’s Daily accuses the Soviet of betraying Marxism

1963: Death of Yusujiro Ozu, Japanese film director, born on December 12, 1903 (see above)
http://www.criterion.com/explore/22

1966: Birth of Kouichi Nagano, Japanese voice actor
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=10944

1967: Birth of Yuzo Koshiro, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuzo_Koshiro

1967: Birth of Takenobu Mitsuyoshi, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takenobu_Mitsuyoshi


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwLLwpRfl-8

1968: Japanese writer Kawabata Yasunari receives the Nobel Prize for  Literature
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1968/kawabata-bio.html
http://neojaponisme.com/2008/04/11/kawabata-mishima-the-nobel-prize/
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1968/kawabata-speech.html

1982: Birth of Ai Kato, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ai_Kato
http://www.ttal-manga.com/image/Wallpaper/ai-kato-9320.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-npmJxzwgcM

1996: Birth of  Karen Miyama, Japanese actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karen_Miyama

On 12 December in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 12 DECEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on December 12, 2017

1765: Death of Chinese painter Zheng Xie, born in 1693
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11634.html
http://www.chinaonlinemuseum.com/gallery-zheng-xie.php

Zheng Xie

1862: Birth of Cao Kun, Chinese military leader of the  Zhili clique in the Beiyang Army, who died on May 15, 1938
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cao_Kun

1915: Chinese president Yuan Shi-kai announces his intention to restore  the monarchy for himself
http://www.gwpda.org/bio/xyz/yuansh.html

1932: USSR and China resume diplomatic relations

1936: In what is called “Xi’an incident” the generalissimo of Republic  of China, Chiang Kai-shek, is arrested by general Zhang Xueliang who demands an  alliance with the Red Army to fight the Japanese invaders
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xi%27an_incident
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/11643.htm
https://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=242

1963: Despite December 6 call from Soviet Union to appease the  contraversy, the People’s Daily accuses the Soviet of betraying Marxism

1989: Britain begins the forced repatriation of Vietnamese refugees from  camps in Hong Kong
http://articles.latimes.com/1989-12-14/news/mn-365_1_hong-kong
http://www.e-ir.info/2012/06/29/did-the-unhcr-fail-vietnamese-refugees-in-Hong-Kong/

2008: Taiwan’s prosecutors indicts Chen Shui-bian, the  former president, over a series of corruption-related scandals. The charges  filed are the first against Chen since he was arrested on November 12 on  suspicion of graft, forgery, money laundering and other crimes
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2008/12/200812127482192257.html
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-indictment/taiwan-ex-president-chen-charged-with-corruption-idUSTRE4BB1L020081212

2016 : Pro-democracy camp takes record quarter of seats on Election Committee that will choose Hong Kong’s leader
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/politics/article/2053833/pro-democracy-filmmaker-makes-breakthrough-win-seat-election?utm_source=&utm_medium=&utm_campaign=SCMPSocialNewsfeed