Daily Archives: 20 septembre 2017

On 20 September in Asian history

ON 20 SEPTEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history”

Updated on September 20, 2017

1161: Birth of Emperor Takakura of Japan who died on January 30, 1181
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Takakura

1388: Death of Sultan Firuz Tughlaq Shah III of Delhi, born in 1309
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firuz_Shah_Tughlaq
http://www.gktoday.in/firoz-shah-tughlaq/

1498: The 1498 Nankai earthquake generates a tsunami that washes away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in. Since then the Buddha has sat in the open air.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1498_Nankai_earthquake
http://www.academia.edu/2397565/Assessing_the_impact_of_the_1498_Meio_earthquake_and_tsunami_along_the_Enshu-nada_coast_central_Japan_using_coastal_geology

Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in

1519: Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan leaves Spain to find a route to the Spice Islands in the current Indonesia. Magellan will be killed during the trip, but one of his ships eventually will make the journey
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/magellan-sets-out

1853: Birth of Siam King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), who died on October 23, 1910
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chulalongkorn


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkoqOLDTFpQ

1857: The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company after a 3 month siege


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857

1857-sepoy-rebellion

1875: Ganghwa Island incident between Japanese and South Koreans
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganghwa_Island_incident

1875-09-20-ganghwa-island-incident

1911: Birth of Shriram Sharma Acharya, Indian spiritual leader, who died on June 2, 1990
http://www.shriramsharma.com/

1915: Birth of K. H. Ting, Chinese bishop who died on November 22, 2012

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._H._Ting

K. H. Ting

1916: Birth of Malik Meraj Khalid, Former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan from November 1996 to February 1997, who died on June 13, 2003
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P026

1923: Birth of Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian Telugu actor
http://telugucinemass.blogspot.com/2008/05/telugu-actor-akkineni-nageswara-rao.html


http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xjjaiw_naga-chaitanya-remix-akkineni-nageswara-rao-premabhishekam-movie-song_news

1925: Birth of Ananda Mahidol, king of Siam (Rama VIII) from March 1935 through his assassination in June 1946
http://www.huahin-tourist-information.com/chakri/rama_viii.htm
http://tudtu.tripod.com/rama8.html


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwjZnZ5XXhk

1931: Birth of Cherd Songsri, Thai filmmaker, who died on May 21, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherd_Songsri

1933: Death of Annie Besant, British social reformer, campaigner for women’s rights and a supporter of Indian nationalism, born on October 1, 1847
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/besant_annie.shtml
http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/besant/diniejko.html

1940: Birth of Taro Aso, 59th Japanese prime minister from September 24, 2008 to August 30, 2009
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6992661.stm

1944: Birth of Riku Rinkama, Japanese actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0727684/

1945: The Pan-Indian Congress, with Gandhi and Nehru as leaders, rejects the British proposition of internal autonomy and asks the United Kingdom to quit India

1946: Birth of Alan Tang (Tang Kwong Wing), Chinese actor and producer
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=139
http://www.collamer-jones.com/tang/

1948: Death of Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian writer, born on April 14, 1881
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Husain_Salaahuddin

1949: Birth of Mahesh Bhatt, Indian film director
http://www.mapsofindia.com/who-is-who/entertainment/mahesh-bhatt.html

1950: Mao Zedong issues the order to promulgate the national emblem of the PRC
http://www.chinatoday.com/general/china-flag-emblem-anthem.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9128.html

armoiries

1954: The first Chinese National Congress adopts the first constitution of the People’s Republic of China
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954_Constitution_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9129.html

1964: Birth of Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress (In the mood for love)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maggie_Cheung
http://www.cultsirens.com/cheung/cheung.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLdjXCYaGYw

1965: In a diplomatic note to New Delhi, Beijing reminds its claim on 90,000 km2 of Indian territory

1968: U.S. officials defend use of défoliants
 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-officials-defend-use-of-defoliants

1971: Negotiations between North and South Korea resume

1971: Birth of Masashi Hamauzu, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masashi_Hamauzu

1976: Birth of Yui Horie, Japanese singer and actress
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=386

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-VxbCcz0izc

1976: Birth of Yo Hitoto, Japanese pop singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yo_Hitoto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3M0tgTuqZZI

1977: The first boat people arrived in San Francisco from Southeast Asia under a new US resettlement program

1977: Birth of Namie Amuro, Japanese singer
http://women.stareastasia.com/namie-amuro/
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/03/10/amuro-namie/

1977: Dissolution of SEATO
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1865.html

1977: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nations

1979: The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML)

1980: Death of Sanpei Hayashiya, Japanese comedian, born on November 30, 1925
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanpei_Hayashiya

1983: Birth of A-Lin, Taiwanese Mandopop singer of Amis descent
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A-Lin
https://www.google.fr/search?q=A-Lin&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=lPg6UuTCHuKR1AWA6oAw&ved=0CGUQsAQ&biw=1366&bih=673&dpr=1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5FlN-NBGo8

1987: Birth of Gain, South Korean singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gain_(singer)
https://www.youtube.com/user/officialBEG 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bN_so3176AA

1992: Chuan Leekpai is appointed Thai premier for the first time, up to May 24, 1995
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuan_Leekpai

chuan-leekpai-2

1994: Gen. Tan Shwe and Gen Khin Nyunt of SLORC meet Aung San Suu Kyi for the first time since she have been put under house arrest

1996: Murtaza Bhutto, brother of Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani politician, is killed by police. Born on September 18 1954
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murtaza_Bhutto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iv5CU7Gkq3w&feature=channel&list=UL

1998: After he talked to thousands of people, Malaysian ousted vice-premier Anwar Ibrahim is arrested
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/175896.stm

1999: A United Nations multinational force arrives to East-Timor to protect the population from pro-Indonesia militias
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/20/newsid_2524000/2524891.stm

2002: Historic trip of Wu Shu-chen, wife of the Taiwan president to the United States in a ten-day private sojourn

2003: In the Maldives, the death of the prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Maldives_civil_unrest

2006: Shinzo Abe becomes the 90th Prime minister of Japan with 339 votes on 475 in the Lower House and 136 on 240 in the Upper House
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200609/26/eng20060926_306490.html

2008: At least 40 people are killed and 100 others wounded after a car-bomb attack on the Marriott Hotel in Pakistan’s capital Islamabad
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/09/200892014179932320.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/7627175.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7627207.stm

2009: Thailand « Yellow Shirt » protesters clash with police and villagers at an ancient temple in territory at the centre of a dispute between Thailand and Cambodia
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/09/200991911642927739.html

2010: Malaysia’s opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim fails in his latest attempt to have a sodomy charge against him dropped

2010: In Sri Lanka, Court martial sentences General Fonseka to three years in prison for corruption. Activists and opposition parties protest what they see as an attack against justice and democracy

2011: The peace council leader, former President Burhanuddin Rabbani, is killed by a suicide bomber in or near his heavily guarded home in the Afghan capital, Kabul
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/21/world/asia/Burhanuddin-Rabbani-afghan-peace-council-leader-assassinated.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-14985779
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-15031157

2012: Death of Dinesh Thakur, Indian actor and director, born in 1947
http://www.hindustantimes.com/bollywood/actor-director-dinesh-thakur-passes-away/story-cdxYiEt2dcm38zOtCDhCIO.html
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/bollywood/news/Actor-director-Dinesh-Thakur-passes-away/articleshow/16473392.cms

2014: Afghan presidential candidates Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah have finally negotiated a long-awaited deal to share power in a so-called national unity government, a move likely to end a months-long election crisis in the war-shattered country
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-to-announce-election-audit-results-on-sunday/2456445.html

2014: Death of Takako Doi, former head of the Japan Socialist Party and first female speaker of the Lower House, born on November 30, 1928
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/05/takako-doi
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/09/28/national/politics-diplomacy/sdps-doi-nations-first-female-leader-of-major-japanese-political-party-dies-at-85/#.Vf2e5DjAJjp
http://blogs.wsj.com/japanrealtime/2014/09/29/obituary-takako-doi-japans-first-female-lower-house-speaker/

2015: Nepal adopts its first democratic constitution in a largely peaceful event, a historic step for a nation that has seen unrest for over 65 years
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2015-09-21/nepal-constitution-born-of-bloodshed-compromise/1494826
http://thehimalayantimes.com/kathmandu/constituent-assemblys-ultimate-meeting-begins/
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/09/nepal-passes-constitution-protests-150920123704268.html

 

Holidays and observances

Feast day of the Korean Martyrs, including Andrew Kim Taegon and Laurent-Marie-Joseph Imbert

Thailand: National Youth Day

Chinese culture and history

****

20 SEPTEMBER 2017

Hoover Acquires The Personal Papers Of General Bai Chongxi, A Prominent Military Leader In Republican China

 The personal papers of Bai Chongxi include official files at different stage of his military and political careers, correspondence between Bai and important Nationalist Chinese government officials, family letters and correspondence, personal diaries and documentaries recording his family activities, an inspection tour he took to Taiwan in the spring of 1947
http://www.hoover.org/news/hoover-acquires-personal-papers-general-bai-chongxi-prominent-military-leader-republican-china

5 AUGUST 2017

How Mao and Khrushchev fought over China-India border dispute

Following is a transcript of a meeting attended by Khrushchev, Mao Zedong (毛澤東), M.A. Suslov, A.A. Gromyko, Liu Shaoqi (劉少奇), Zhou Enlai (周恩來), Lin Biao (林彪), Peng Zhen (彭真), Chen Yi and Wan Xia Sang
http://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geopolitics/article/2105501/how-mao-and-khrushchev-fought-over-china-india-border-dispute

24 JULY 2017

Saving Harbin: Chinese city struggles to preserve Russian legacy

The city of Harbin, founded by colonialists during the height of the Russian empire, has a very distinct Tsarist character
http://www.aljazeera.com/video/news/2017/07/saving-harbin-chinese-city-struggles-preserve-russian-legacy-170724092530834.html

28 JUNE 2917

The last Hong Kong governor: Chris Patten on 20 years after the handover – video

Chris Patten, Hong Kong’s last governor, handed the former colony back to China on 1 July 1997 to be ruled with a degree of autonomy under a system called “one country, two systems”. Here he reflects on leaving Hong Kong and what the game plan should be going forward
https://www.theguardian.com/global/video/2017/jun/28/chris-patten-the-last-governor-of-hong-kong-video-interview
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/06/28/hong-kong-handover-anniversary-chris-patten-britain-did-not/

16 JUNE 2017

Scapegoats or traitors? The tale of the British radio propagandists in wartime Shanghai who were convicted in Hong Kong

Seventy years ago, two broadcasters for a German radio station were found guilty of assisting the enemy. Collaboration was rife, so why were these Britons singled out while so many others went unpunished?http://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/long-reads/article/2098418/scapegoats-or-traitors-tale-british-radio
http://www.historynet.com/book-review-secret-war-in-shanghai-by-bernard-wasserstein-ww2.htm

8 JUNE 2017

Echoes of 1950s persecution in China’s crackdown on liberal voices

On the 60th anniversary of the start of former Chinese leader Mao Zedong’s campaign against intellectuals that saw some half a million people persecuted by the Communist Party, some present-day scholars say there is again growing pressure from the authorities to silence liberal voices
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2097521/echoes-1950s-persecution-chinas-crackdown-liberal

28 MAY 2017

160 years on, apology for a racist tax on Chinese in Australia

The Chinese community in ­Australia has applauded an apology by the government of Victoria for a racist tax levied on immigrants more than a century ago, calling it a step towards eliminating the discrimination that continues to this day
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2096026/160-years-apology-racist-tax-chinese-australia

22 MAY 2017

The secret agents who spied on the US for China

Behind the warming relations between the world’s two leading economies, a hidden and often brutal war continues for valuable intelligence about military technology and other classified information
http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/2095195/secret-agents-who-spied-us-china

16 APRIL 2017

Chinese experts name 10 most amazing archaeological sites

Chinese archaeologists worked at more than 2,000 sites in 2016, and experts have selected the 10 best ones
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/chinese-experts-name-10-most-amazing-archaeological-sites

4 APRIL 2017

Meet the Gurkhas, fearsome fighters with a 200-year history

A former serviceman in Hong Kong explains what binds him and his fellow Nepalese to a proud military tradition
http://www.atimes.com/article/meet-gurkhas-fearsome-fighters-200-year-history/

20 MARCH 2017

Sunken treasure discovered in SW China

After more than 10,000 items of gold and silver were recovered from the bottom of Minjiang River in Sichuan Province, archeo

logists confirmed Monday the tale of Zhang Xianzhong and his sunken treasure, dating back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
http://www.chinadailyasia.com/chinafocus/2017-03/20/content_15588670.html

13 MARCH 2017

Hong Kong documentary uncovers lost history

They are called Hong Kong’s darkest days, but there’s little evidence the 1967 riots ever took place
http://www.aljazeera.com/video/news/2017/03/hong-kong-documentary-uncovers-lost-history-170313051008305.html

8 FEBRUARY 2017

Tomb of ancient general and princess discovered in China

Archaeologists have discovered the tomb of an ancient Chinese general and his princess who were buried 1,500 years ago with more than 100 mysterious figurines
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/02/08/tomb-ancient-general-princess-discovered-china/

7 JANUARY 2017

Struggle to get documentary on Hong Kong’s 1967 riots on screen

Film, including story of plan to import lethal weapons into British colony, held up by lack of funding, scant archives, and harassment
http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/politics/article/2060228/struggle-get-documentary-hong-kongs-1967-riots-screen

4 JANUARY 2017

260,000 Chiang Kai-shek papers to go public

More than 260,000 documents related to Chiang Kai-shek will be made available to the public online later this year, Wu Mi-cha, Curator of Taiwan’s Academia Historica, said on Tuesday afternoon
http://www.atimes.com/article/260000-chiang-kai-shek-documents-made-public/

In her series Modern Girl, artist Dina Goldstein updates 1930s Chinese adverts to lampoon our quest for the perfect lifestyle

According to Ms Goldstein, her « Modern Girl gallery » is inspired by Chinese tradition and the evolution of international commercialism. With a photographic/design sleight-of-hand (and in a tongue-in-cheek manner), she reworks the iconic advertising posters of 1930s Shanghai, China
https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2016/nov/17/dina-goldstein-modern-girl-chinese-pinups-in-pictures
http://thetravelphotographer.blogspot.fr/2016/11/dina-goldstein-modern-girl.html

16 DECEMBER 2016

The Battle of Hong Kong through the eyes of people who lived through it

There was little festive cheer 75 years ago, as the Battle of Hong Kong raged to a bloody conclusion. Some of the people who lived through the invasion recall how they suddenly found themselves in a war zone
http://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/long-reads/article/2054842/battle-hong-kong-through-eyes-people-who-lived

12 DECEMBER 2016

Chinese archaeologists begin excavation of mysterious 2,600-year-old city that was wiped out by floods

Bairen, located in central China, dates back more than 2,600 years to China’s Spring and Autumn period. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4025054/Chinese-archaeologists-begin-excavation-mysterious-2-600-year-old-city-wiped-floods.html#ixzz4TSC6zXz7

20 NOVEMBER 2016

Culture Insider: How did the ancient Chinese keep food warm in winter?

According to historical records and archaeological discoveries, ancient Chinese people were using their own methods of heat preservation as early as the Shang and Zhou dynasties
http://news.asiaone.com/news/lifestyle/culture-insider-how-did-ancient-chinese-keep-food-warm-winter

Lamu archipelago last Chinese

It is said that some of Admiral Zheng He’s sailors were shipwrecked on this island off the Kenyan coast centuries ago. Meet 6 residents of the Lamu archipelago believed to be the last descendants of those Chinese sailors
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/tv//the-maritime-silk-road/lamu-s-last-chinese/3270974.html

Hong Kong scenes shot by an early 20th century tourist
http://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/short-reads/article/2044791/old-hong-kong-pictures?utm_source&utm_medium&utm_campaign=SCMPSocialNewsfeed

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 20 September in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 20 SEPTEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY

Updated on September 20, 2017

1857: The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company after a 3 month siege


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857

1857-sepoy-rebellion

1875: Ganghwa Island incident between Japanese and South Koreans
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganghwa_Island_incident

1875-09-20-ganghwa-island-incident

1945: The Pan-Indian Congress, with Gandhi and Nehru as leaders, rejects the British proposition of internal autonomy and asks the United Kingdom to quit India

1965: In a diplomatic note to New Delhi, Beijing reminds its claim on 90,000 km2 of Indian territory

1968: U.S. officials defend use of defoliants
 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-officials-defend-use-of-defoliants

1971: Negotiations between North and South Korea resume

1977: Dissolution of SEATO
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0846053.html#axzz1017zl77o

1999: A United Nations multinational force arrives to East-Timor to protect the population from pro-Indonesia militias
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/20/newsid_2524000/2524891.stm

2008: At least 40 people are killed and 100 others wounded after a car-bomb attack on the Marriott Hotel in Pakistan’s capital Islamabad
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/09/200892014179932320.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/7627175.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7627207.stm

2011: The peace council leader, former President Burhanuddin Rabbani, is killed by a suicide bomber in or near his heavily guarded home in the Afghan capital, Kabul
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/21/world/asia/Burhanuddin-Rabbani-afghan-peace-council-leader-assassinated.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-14985779
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-15031157

On 20 September in South Asian history

ON 20 SEPTEMBER IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on September 20, 2017

1388: Death of Sultan Firuz Tughlaq Shah III of Delhi, born in 1309
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firuz_Shah_Tughlaq
http://www.gktoday.in/firoz-shah-tughlaq/

1857: The Indian Mutiny ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company after a 3 month siege


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Rebellion_of_1857

1857-sepoy-rebellion

1916: Birth of Malik Meraj Khalid, Former Caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan from November 1996 to February 1997, who died on June 13, 2003
http://www.storyofpakistan.com/person.asp?perid=P026

1923: Birth of Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian Telugu actor
http://telugucinemass.blogspot.com/2008/05/telugu-actor-akkineni-nageswara-rao.html
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xjjaiw_naga-chaitanya-remix-akkineni-nageswara-rao-premabhishekam-movie-song_news

1933: Death of Annie Besant, British social reformer, campaigner for women’s rights and a supporter of Indian nationalism, born on October 1, 1847
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/besant_annie.shtml
http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/besant/diniejko.html

1945: The Pan-Indian Congress, with Gandhi and Nehru as leaders, rejects the British proposition of internal autonomy and asks the United Kingdom to quit India

1948: Death of Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian writer, born on April 14, 1881
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Husain_Salaahuddin

1949: Birth of Mahesh Bhatt, Indian film director
http://www.koimoi.com/director/mahesh-bhatt/
http://www.mapsofindia.com/who-is-who/entertainment/mahesh-bhatt.html

1965: In a diplomatic note to New Delhi, Beijing reminds its claim on 90,000 km2 of Indian territory

1979: The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML)

1996: Murtaza Bhutto, brother of Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani politician, is killed by police. Born on September 18 1954
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murtaza_Bhutto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iv5CU7Gkq3w&feature=channel&list=UL

2003: In the Maldives, the death of the prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Maldives_civil_unrest

2008: At least 40 people are killed and 100 others wounded after a car-bomb attack on the Marriott Hotel in Pakistan’s capital Islamabad
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2008/09/200892014179932320.html
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_pictures/7627175.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7627207.stm

2010: In Sri Lanka, Court martial sentences General Fonseka to three years in prison for corruption. Activists and opposition parties protest what they see as an attack against justice and democracy

2011: The peace council leader, former President Burhanuddin Rabbani, is killed by a suicide bomber in or near his heavily guarded home in the Afghan capital, Kabul
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/21/world/asia/Burhanuddin-Rabbani-afghan-peace-council-leader-assassinated.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-14985779
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-15031157

2012: Death of Dinesh Thakur, Indian actor and director, born in 1947
http://www.hindustantimes.com/bollywood/actor-director-dinesh-thakur-passes-away/story-cdxYiEt2dcm38zOtCDhCIO.html
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/bollywood/news/Actor-director-Dinesh-Thakur-passes-away/articleshow/16473392.cms

2014: Afghan presidential candidates Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah have finally negotiated a long-awaited deal to share power in a so-called national unity government, a move likely to end a months-long election crisis in the war-shattered country
http://www.voanews.com/content/afghanistan-to-announce-election-audit-results-on-sunday/2456445.html

On 20 September in Southeast Asian history

chuan-leekpai-2

ON 20 SEPTEMBER IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on September 20, 2017

1519: Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan leaves Spain to find a route to the Spice Islands in the current Indonesia. Magellan will be killed during the trip, but one of his ships eventually will make the journey
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/magellan-sets-out

1853: Birth of Siam King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), who died on October 23, 1910
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chulalongkorn


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkoqOLDTFpQ

1925: Birth of Ananda Mahidol, king of Siam (Rama VIII) from March 1935 through his assassination in June 1946
http://www.huahin-tourist-information.com/chakri/rama_viii.htm
http://tudtu.tripod.com/rama8.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GwjZnZ5XXhk

1931: Birth of Cherd Songsri, Thai filmmaker, who died on May 21, 2006
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherd_Songsri

1968: U.S. officials defend use of défoliants in Vietnam War
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-officials-defend-use-of-défoliants

1977: The first boat people arrived in San Francisco from Southeast Asia under a new US resettlement program

1977: Dissolution of SEATO
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1865.html

1977: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is admitted to the United Nat

1990: Birth of Erich Gonzales, Filipina actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Gonzales

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MgKtB9GHOx8&feature=related

1992: Chuan Leekpai is appointed Thai premier for the first time, up to May 24, 1995
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuan_Leekpai

chuan-leekpai-2

1994: Gen. Tan Shwe and Gen Khin Nyunt of SLORC meet Aung San Suu Kyi for the first time since she have been put under house arrest

1998: After he talked to thousands of people, Malaysian ousted vice-premier Anwar Ibrahim is arrested
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/175896.stm

1999: A United Nations multinational force arrives to East-Timor to protect the population from pro-Indonesia militias
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/20/newsid_2524000/2524891.stm

2009: Thailand « Yellow Shirt » protesters clash with police and villagers at an ancient temple in territory at the centre of a dispute between Thailand and Cambodia
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2009/09/200991911642927739.html

2010: Malaysia’s opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim fails in his latest attempt to have a sodomy charge against him dropped

2012: The editor and publisher of an independent journal in Burma have been charged with defamation after publishing a story about alleged corruption in government
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-19659294

 

Holidays and observances

Thailand: National Youth Day

On 20 September in Japan’s history

ON 20 SEPTEMBER IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on September 20, 2017

1161: Birth of Emperor Takakura of Japan who died on January 30, 1181

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Takakura

1498: The 1498 Nankai earthquake generates a tsunami that washes away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in. Since then the Buddha has sat in the open air.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1498_Nankai_earthquake
http://www.academia.edu/2397565/Assessing_the_impact_of_the_1498_Meio_earthquake_and_tsunami_along_the_Enshu-nada_coast_central_Japan_using_coastal_geology

Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in

1875: Ganghwa Island incident between Japanese and South Koreans
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganghwa_Island_incident

1875-09-20-ganghwa-island-incident

1940: Birth of Taro Aso, 59th Japanese prime minister from September 24, 2008 to August 30, 2009
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6992661.stm

1944: Birth of Riku Rinkama, Japanese actor
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0727684/

1971: Birth of Masashi Hamauzu, Japanese composer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masashi_Hamauzu

1976: Birth of Yui Horie, Japanese singer and actress
http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/people.php?id=386

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-VxbCcz0izc

1976: Birth of Yo Hitoto, Japanese pop singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yo_Hitoto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3M0tgTuqZZI

1977: Birth of Namie Amuro, Japanese singer
http://women.stareastasia.com/namie-amuro/
http://yummycelebrities.com/2006/03/10/amuro-namie/

1980: Death of Sanpei Hayashiya, Japanese comedian, born on November 30, 1925
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanpei_Hayashiya

1983: Birth of Yuna Ito, Japanese singer and actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuna_Ito

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n_N8hB7CoPk

1991: Birth of Naruki Matsukawa, Japanese actor
http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Matsukawa_Naoruki

2006: Shinzo Abe becomes the 90th Prime minister of Japan with 339 votes on 475 in the Lower House and 136 on 240 in the Upper House
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200609/26/eng20060926_306490.html

2014: Death of Takako Doi, former head of the Japan Socialist Party and first female speaker of the Lower House, born on November 30, 1928
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/05/takako-doi
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/09/28/national/politics-diplomacy/sdps-doi-nations-first-female-leader-of-major-japanese-political-party-dies-at-85/#.Vf2e5DjAJjp
http://blogs.wsj.com/japanrealtime/2014/09/29/obituary-takako-doi-japans-first-female-lower-house-speaker/

 

On 20 September in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 20 SEPTEMBER IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on September 20, 2017

1915: Birth of K. H. Ting, Chinese bishop who died on November 22, 2012
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K._H._Ting

K. H. Ting

1946: Birth of Alan Tang (Tang Kwong Wing), Chinese actor and producer
http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/people.asp?id=139
http://www.collamer-jones.com/tang/

1950: Mao Zedong issues the order to promulgate the national emblem of the PRC
http://www.chinatoday.com/general/china-flag-emblem-anthem.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9128.html

armoiries

1954: The first Chinese National Congress adopts the first constitution of the People’s Republic of China
http://e-chaupak.net/database/chicon/1954/1954bilingual.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/9129.html

1964: Birth of Maggie Cheung, Hong Kong actress (In the mood for love)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maggie_Cheung
http://www.cultsirens.com/cheung/cheung.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLdjXCYaGYw

1965: In a diplomatic note to New Delhi, Beijing reminds its claim on 90,000 km2 of Indian territ

1983: Birth of A-Lin, Taiwanese Mandopop singer of Amis descent
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A-Lin
https://www.google.fr/search?q=A-Lin&rlz=1G1ACAW_FRFR414&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=lPg6UuTCHuKR1AWA6oAw&ved=0CGUQsAQ&biw=1366&bih=673&dpr=1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5FlN-NBGo8

2002: Historic trip of Wu Shu-chen, wife of the Taiwan president to the United States in a ten-day private sojourn