ON 12 SEPTEMBER IN ASIAN HISTORY
To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history”
Updated on September 12, 2017
372: During the Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.
1736: Birth of Hsinbyushin, Burmese king who died on June 10, 1776
1875: Birth of Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor, who died on September 11, 1926
1885: Death of Ranbir Singh, 2nd Maharaja of Kashmir and Jammu, born on August 1830
1894: Birth of Kyuichi Tokuda, Japanese politician, Chairman of the Japanese Communist Party who died on October 14, 1953
1894 : Birth of Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, leading figure of Bengali Literature who died on November 11, 1950
1896 : 13 Filipinos, the « 13 martyrs » of Cavite are executed by Spanish authorities for joining the Katipunan revolution
1897: In India, Battle of Saragarhi between twenty-one Sikhs defending an army post, and 10,000 Afghan and Orakza tribesmen.
1914: Birth of Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst, assassinated on September 22, 1988
1931: Gandhi arrives in England
1934: Birth of Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher
1942: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces
1943: Birth of Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-born writer
1945: British forces, under Admiral Mountbatten, come back to Singapore and establish a military administration in Malaya to take control of the country, called the British Military Administration (BMA)
1945: Hajime Sugiyama, Japanese general and minister of war, commits suicide, born on January 1, 1880
1948: Invasion of the independent State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army (Operation Polo)
1948: In China, during the Civil War, the People’s Liberation Army launch the Liaoshen Campaign against the Nationalist (up to November 2)
1956: Chaudry Muhammad Ali quits as Pakistan’s prime minister and replaced by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
1956: Birth of Leslie Cheung Kwok-wing, Hong Kong artist, singer, actor and director, who committed suicide on April 1, 2003
1960: In Laos, Prince Boun Oum associates with general Phoumi attempts a rightist counter-revolution
1962: Death of Rangeya Raghav, Indian author and playwright, born on January 17, 1923
1964: In an editorial published in the Pravda, Soviet Union accuses China of territorial claims
1965: End of the Battle of Phillora, one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
1965: United Nations General Secretary U Thant arrives in New Delhi in an attempt to solve the India-Pakistani conflict
1971: Birth of Ahn Jae Wook, South Korean actor and composer
1983: The USSR vetoes a United Nations Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet shooting down of a Korean civilian jetliner on September 1.
1997: Opening of the Chinese communist party’s XVth congress du PCC (up to September 18)
1999: Indonesia agrees to allow UN forces in East Timor
2001: Death of Victor Wong, Chinese-American actor, born on July 30, 1927
1986: Birth of the Chinese actress Yang Mi
2007: Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted for the crime of plunder
2007: Shinzo Abe announced he resigns as Prime Minister of Japan
2008: Malaysian authorities detains a government critic blogger by invoking a colonial-era security law that allows for indefinite detention without trial
2011: Indonesia’s second-largest political party Golkar picks tycoon and power-broker Aburizal Bakrie as its presidential candidate for elections in 2014
2012: Factory fires in two major cities in Pakistan have killed more than 300 people and injured dozens more, including some who had to leap from windows to escape the flames
2012: Officials say about 100 suspected insurgents have surrendered to authorities in Thailand’s restive south, including the alleged leader of a 2004 attack that reignited longstanding violence in the region.
2014: Taliban gunmen who shot schoolgirl Malala (later Peace Nobel prize) finally arrested. Militants boarded the teenage activist’s school bus and shot her in the head in October 2012 for her outspoken views on girls’ education, in an attack that also wounded two of her friends