Daily Archives: 18 juillet 2017

On 18 July in Asian history

 

ON 18 JULY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on July 18, 2017

155: Birth of famous Chinese general Cao Cao who died on March 13, 220
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cao_Cao

45: Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi (Liaoning) during the Goguryeo–Tang War.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_campaign_in_the_Goguryeo%E2%80%93Tang_War
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Goguryeo

707: Death of Emperor Monmu of Japan, born in 683
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Monmu
http://www.mustlovejapan.com/subject/kofun_emperor_monmu/

715: Death of Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian General who conquered the Singh and Punjab regions (now in Pakistan) beginning the Islamic era in South Asia, born on December 31, 695
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Qasim

912: Death of Zhu Wen, Emperor Taizu of Later Liang, Born on December 5, 852
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhu_Wen

1391: During the Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Battle of the Kondurcha River. Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Kondurcha_River

1392: Yi Seong-gye, founder of the Korean Joseon (Yi) dynasty becomes king of Korea
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Taejo_of_Joseon

1695: Death of Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1684-1691), born on July 18, 1634
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Camphuys

1871: Birth of Sada Yacco, stage actress and singer, who died on December 7, 1946
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sada_Yacco

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1XE1kHY_UBE

1875 : Birth of Marina Dizon y Bartolome, heroine of the Philippine revolution
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1475/today-in-philippine-history-july-18-1875-marina-dizon-was-born-in-trozo-in-manila
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marina_Dizon

Marina Dizon

1889: Birth of Kōichi Kido, Japanese politician, 13th Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan who died on April 6, 1977
http://www.doug-long.com/kido.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C5%8Dichi_Kido

1907: Japan forces Korean emperor Gojong to abdicate in favor of his son Sunjong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunjong_of_Korea

1909: Birth of Mohammad Daoud Khan, first president of Afghanistan (1973-1978)
http://www.afghan-web.com/bios/yest/daoud.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDmoiz0nOmc

1935: Birth of Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayendra_Saraswathi

1944: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort
http://www.world-war-2.info/figures/hideki-tojo.php
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Tojo.html

1947: Birth of Wang Jin, Chinese film director
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0910945/

1947: King George VI signs Indian Independence Act https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Independence_Act_1947
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/july-18th-1947-the-india-independence-act-1947-comes-into-force
http://www.quora.com/Why-does-the-Indian-Independence-Act-1947-mention-the-word-dominion-for-India-and-Pakistan

1960: Premier Kishi of Japan resigns and escapes an assassination attempt

1960-07-18 Kishi attentathttps://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1928&dat=19600716&id=RlApAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QGoFAAAAIBAJ&pg=5567,4138645&hl=fr

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_NPi6WyTjE

1974: Death of S.V. Ranga Rao, Indian actor, born on July 3, 1918
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0710036/bio
http://kapunaidus.blogspot.fr/2012/08/s-v-rangarao-garu-biography.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DscotQ4QOEM

1977: Signature of a Treaty of Amity and Cooperation between Laos and Vietnam

1980: Birth of Ryōko Hirosue, Japanese actress and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ry%C5%8Dko_Hirosue
http://asianwiki.com/Ryoko_Hirosue

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=laUIK6p2z4A

1980: Rohini 1, the first Indian satellite, is launched into orbit
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1980-062A
http://indiainspaceworld.blogspot.fr/2012/02/first-indian-satellite-launch-vehicle.html

1985: The second son of Ali Bhutto, Shahnawaz, dies of poisoning in an hotel room in Cannes (France)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahnawaz_Bhutto
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CEFD91E3FF936A1575AC0A966958260

1985: Death of Toyoko Takechi, Japanese actress, born on August 25, 1908
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0847464/
http://eiga.wikia.com/wiki/Toyoko_Takechi

1990: Death of Yoon Bo-seon (Yun Po-sun), President of South Korea (1960-1962), born on August 26, 1897
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yun_Bo-seon
http://www.nytimes.com/1990/07/19/obituaries/yun-po-sun-92-dies-ex-president-of-korea.html

1993: In Pakistan, Prime minister Nawaz Sharif is forced to resign

1993: In Japan, for the first time since its foundation in 1955, DLP loses the majority in the House of Représentatives
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_general_election,_1993

1993: In Pakistan, to solve the political crisis between Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, both resign. Wsim Sajjad becomes president by interim prior to elections (up to November

1995: Death of Srinagarindra, Mother of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, born in 1900
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srinagarindra

1996: Battle of Mullaitivu, Tamil Tigers carried out this attack killing over 1200 Sri Lankan Army soldiers and capturing the base, biggest single lost to Sri Lankan Army ever
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mullaitivu_(1996)

1996: An flag operation by Japanese extreme right militants relaunches the sovereignty dispute with China on Diayu islands (Senkaku for the Japanese)

1997: In Taiwan, the National Assembly (Legislative Yuan) pass a bill extending the power of the president and announces the end of the Taiwan provincial government

1999: In Kashmir, after the withdrawal of the Pakistanis, end of the Indian military operations in Kargil era
http://www.quora.com/India-Pakistan-Rivalry/What-is-the-truth-behind-the-Kargil-War-1
http://www.dailyo.in/politics/kargil-vijay-diwas-kargil-war-kashmir-1999-india-pakistan-war-indian-army-air-force/story/1/5182.html
http://herald.dawn.com/news/1153481
2000: Visit of Vladimir Putin in China. Common opposition to the American Theatre Missile Defence system (TMD) project

2002: Abdul Kalam is elected president of India (up to July 2007)
http://www.mapsofindia.com/who-is-who/government-politics/a-p-j-abdul-kalam.html

2005: Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement, first public joint statement by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the then U.S. President George W. Bush
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-US_civilian_nuclear_agreement

2007: Death of Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese communist politician, born on October 17 1908
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/20/world/asia/20miyamoto.html

2008: South Korea rejects a Japanese proposal to hold bilateral talks on disputed islands (Dokdo or Takeshima)

2008: Philippine government and the Milf agree to extend the Muslim region in Mindanao
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2008/07/20087187101832600.html

2010: William Burns, US Under-Secretary of State for political affairs, said military aid from the United States to Cambodia was intended to boost a civil-military relationship that was essential to a « healthy political system »
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20100718-227549.html

2011: The Vatican and Malaysia have agreed to establish diplomatic ties, following a meeting between Pope Benedict XVI and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-14181314
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Malaysian-Prime-Minister’s-visit-to-the-Pope-launches-diplomatic-relations-22131

2011: The UN’s highest court orders Thailand and Cambodia to immediately withdraw their troops from a disputed area around an ancient temple on the border between the two Asian neighbours

2012: North Korea says its leader Kim Jong-un has been promoted to marshal, cementing his status at the top of the nation’s military. North Korean state media made the announcement in a special bulletin.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/07/201271834458949728.html
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-18881524

2012: Death of Bollywood actor Rajesh Khanna at 69                                       http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/07/201271892023889660.html                                          http://asiancorrespondent.com/86099/bollywood-superstar-rajesh-khanna-dies/

2012: Cambodia and Thailand pulled hundreds of soldiers out of a disputed border area, a year after a ruling by the UN’s highest court, replacing them with police and security guards. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on July 18 last year ordered the neighbours to demilitarise a strip of land adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple which was the scene of deadly clashes in 2011
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/07/201271845840265105.html

2013: Death of Samar Mukherjee, Indian marxist politician, born on November 7, 1913
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/veteran-cpim-leader-samar-mukherjee-dies-at-100/article4928216.ece
http://www.frontline.in/other/obituary/man-of-the-masses/article4995292.ece

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 18 July in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 18 JULY IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on July 18, 2017

645: Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi (Liaoning) during the Goguryeo–Tang War.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_campaign_in_the_Goguryeo%E2%80%93Tang_War
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Goguryeo

1391: During the Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Battle of the Kondurcha River. Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Kondurcha_River

1907: Japan forces Korean emperor Gojong to abdicate in favor of his son Sunjong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunjong_of_Korea

1947: King George VI signs Indian Independence Act https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Independence_Act_1947
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/july-18th-1947-the-india-independence-act-1947-comes-into-force
http://www.quora.com/Why-does-the-Indian-Independence-Act-1947-mention-the-word-dominion-for-India-and-Pakistan

1977: Signature of a Treaty of Amity and Cooperation between Laos and Vietnam

1996: Battle of Mullaitivu, Tamil Tigers carried out this attack killing over 1200 Sri Lankan Army soldiers and capturing the base, biggest single lost to Sri Lankan Army ever
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mullaitivu_(1996)

1996: An flag operation by Japanese extreme right militants relaunches the sovereignty dispute with China on Diayu islands (Senkaku for the Japanese)

1999: In Kashmir, after the withdrawal of the Pakistanis, end of the Indian military operations in Kargil era
http://www.quora.com/India-Pakistan-Rivalry/What-is-the-truth-behind-the-Kargil-War-1
http://www.dailyo.in/politics/kargil-vijay-diwas-kargil-war-kashmir-1999-india-pakistan-war-indian-army-air-force/story/1/5182.html
http://herald.dawn.com/news/1153481


2000: Visit of Vladimir Putin in China. Common opposition to the American Theatre Missile Defence system (TMD) project

2005: Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement, first public joint statement by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the then U.S. President George W. Bush
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-US_civilian_nuclear_agreement

2008: South Korea rejects a Japanese proposal to hold bilateral talks on disputed islands (Dokdo or Takeshima)

2008: Philippine government and the Milf agree to extend the Muslim region in Mindanao
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2008/07/20087187101832600.html

2010: William Burns, US Under-Secretary of State for political affairs, said military aid from the United States to Cambodia was intended to boost a civil-military relationship that was essential to a « healthy political system »
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20100718-227549.html

2011: The UN’s highest court orders Thailand and Cambodia to immediately withdraw their troops from a disputed area around an ancient temple on the border between the two Asian neighbours
http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2011/07/19/national/Demilitarised-zone-30160588.html

2012: Cambodia and Thailand pulled hundreds of soldiers out of a disputed border area, a year after a ruling by the UN’s highest court, replacing them with police and security guards. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on July 18 last year ordered the neighbours to demilitarise a strip of land adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple which was the scene of deadly clashes in 2011
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/07/201271845840265105.html

On 18 July in South Asian history

ON 18 JULY IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on July 18, 2017

715: Death of Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian General who conquered the Singh and Punjab regions (now in Pakistan) beginning the Islamic era in South Asia, born on December 31, 695
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_bin_Qasim

1391: During the Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Battle of the Kondurcha River. Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Kondurcha_River

1909: Birth of Mohammad Daoud Khan, first president of Afghanistan (1973-1978)
http://www.afghan-web.com/bios/yest/daoud.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDmoiz0nOmc

1935: Birth of Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayendra_Saraswathi

1947: King George VI signs Indian Independence Act https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Independence_Act_1947
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/july-18th-1947-the-india-independence-act-1947-comes-into-force
http://www.quora.com/Why-does-the-Indian-Independence-Act-1947-mention-the-word-dominion-for-India-and-Pakistan

1974: Death of S.V. Ranga Rao, Indian actor, born on July 3, 1918
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0710036/bio
http://kapunaidus.blogspot.fr/2012/08/s-v-rangarao-garu-biography.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DscotQ4QOEM

1980: Rohini 1, the first Indian satellite, is launched into orbit
http://www.csre.iitb.ac.in/isro/rohini.html
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1980-062A
http://indiainspaceworld.blogspot.fr/2012/02/first-indian-satellite-launch-vehicle.html

1982: Birth of Priyanka Chopra, Indian miss world 2000
http://www.webindia123.com/personal/beauty/priyanka.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lK5lA_BDlPA

1985: The second son of Ali Bhutto, Shahnawaz, dies of poisoning in an hotel room in Cannes (France)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahnawaz_Bhutto
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CEFD91E3FF936A1575AC0A966958260

1993: In Pakistan, to solve the political crisis between Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, both resign. Wsim Sajjad becomes president by interim prior to elections (up to November

1996: Battle of Mullaitivu, Tamil Tigers carried out this attack killing over 1200 Sri Lankan Army soldiers and capturing the base, biggest single lost to Sri Lankan Army ever
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mullaitivu_(1996)

1999: In Kashmir, after the withdrawal of the Pakistanis, end of the Indian military operations in Kargil era
http://www.quora.com/India-Pakistan-Rivalry/What-is-the-truth-behind-the-Kargil-War-1
http://www.dailyo.in/politics/kargil-vijay-diwas-kargil-war-kashmir-1999-india-pakistan-war-indian-army-air-force/story/1/5182.html
http://herald.dawn.com/news/1153481

 

2002: Abdul Kalam is elected president of India (up to July 2007)
http://www.mapsofindia.com/who-is-who/government-politics/a-p-j-abdul-kalam.html

2005: Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement, first public joint statement by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the then U.S. President George W. Bush
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-US_civilian_nuclear_agreement

2012: Death of Bollywood actor Rajesh Khanna at 69                                       http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/07/201271892023889660.html                                          http://asiancorrespondent.com/86099/bollywood-superstar-rajesh-khanna-dies/

2013: Death of Samar Mukherjee, Indian marxist politician, born on November 7, 1913
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/veteran-cpim-leader-samar-mukherjee-dies-at-100/article4928216.ece
http://www.frontline.in/other/obituary/man-of-the-masses/article4995292.ece

On 18 July in Southeast Asian history

ON 18 JULY IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on July 18, 2017

1695: Death of Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1684-1691), born on July 18, 1634
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Camphuys

1875 : Birth of Marina Dizon y Bartolome, heroine of the Philippine revolution
https://kahimyang.com/kauswagan/articles/1475/today-in-philippine-history-july-18-1875-marina-dizon-was-born-in-trozo-in-manila
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marina_Dizon

Marina Dizon

1977: Signature of a Treaty of Amity and Cooperation between Laos and Vietnam

1995: Death of Srinagarindra, mother of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, born in 1900
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Srinagarindra

2008: Philippine government and the Milf agree to extend the Muslim region in Mindanao
http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2008/07/20087187101832600.html

2010: William Burns, US Under-Secretary of State for political affairs, said military aid from the United States to Cambodia was intended to boost a civil-military relationship that was essential to a « healthy political system »
http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Asia/Story/A1Story20100718-227549.html

2011: The Vatican and Malaysia have agreed to establish diplomatic ties, following a meeting between Pope Benedict XVI and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-14181314
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Malaysian-Prime-Minister’s-visit-to-the-Pope-launches-diplomatic-relations-22131.html

2011: The UN’s highest court orders Thailand and Cambodia to immediately withdraw their troops from a disputed area around an ancient temple on the border between the two Asian neighbours

2012: Cambodia and Thailand pulled hundreds of soldiers out of a disputed border area, a year after a ruling by the UN’s highest court, replacing them with police and security guards. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on July 18 last year ordered the neighbours to demilitarise a strip of land adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple which was the scene of deadly clashes in 2011
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2012/07/201271845840265105.html

On 18 July in Japan’s history

ON 18 JULY IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on July 18, 2017

707: Death of Emperor Monmu of Japan, born in 683
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Monmu
http://www.mustlovejapan.com/subject/kofun_emperor_monmu/

1871: Birth of Sada Yacco, stage actress and singer, who died on December 7, 1946
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sada_Yacco

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1XE1kHY_UBE

1889: Birth of Kōichi Kido, Japanese politician, 13th Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan who died on April 6, 1977
http://www.doug-long.com/kido.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C5%8Dichi_Kido

1907: Japan forces Korean emperor Gojong to abdicate in favor of his son Sunjong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunjong_of_Korea

1944: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort
http://www.world-war-2.info/figures/hideki-tojo.php
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Tojo.html

1960: Premier Kishi of Japan resigns and escapes an assassination attempt

1960-07-18 Kishi attentat
https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1928&dat=19600716&id=RlApAAAAIBAJ&sjid=QGoFAAAAIBAJ&pg=5567,4138645&hl=fr

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4_NPi6WyTjE

1980: Birth of Ryōko Hirosue, Japanese actress and singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ry%C5%8Dko_Hirosue
http://asianwiki.com/Ryoko_Hirosue

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=laUIK6p2z4A

1985: Death of Toyoko Takechi, Japanese actress, born on August 25, 1908
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0847464/
http://eiga.wikia.com/wiki/Toyoko_Takechi

1993: In Japan, for the first time since its foundation in 1955, the DLP loses the majority in the House of Représentatives
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_general_election,_1993

1996: An flag operation by Japanese extreme right militants relaunches the sovereignty dispute with China on Diayu islands (Senkaku for the Japanese)

2007: Death of Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese communist politician, born on October 17 1908
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/20/world/asia/20miyamoto.html

2008: South Korea rejects a Japanese proposal to hold bilateral talks on disputed islands (Dokdo or Takeshima)

 

On 18 July in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 18 JULY IN CHINESE HISTORY INCLUDING TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on July 18, 2017

155: Birth of famous Chinese general Cao Cao who died on March 13, 220
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cao_Cao

645: Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi (Liaoning) during the Goguryeo–Tang War.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_campaign_in_the_Goguryeo%E2%80%93Tang_War
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Goguryeo

912: Death of Zhu Wen, Emperor Taizu of Later Liang, Born on December 5, 852
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhu_Wen

1391: During the Tokhtamysh–Timur war, Battle of the Kondurcha River. Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present day southeast Russia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Kondurcha_River

1947: Birth of Wang Jin, Chinese film director
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0910945/ 

1996: An flag operation by Japanese extreme right militants relaunches the sovereignty dispute with China on Diayu islands (Senkaku for the Japanese)

1997: In Taiwan, the National Assembly (Legislative Yuan) pass a bill extending the power of the president and announces the end of the Taiwan provincial government

2000: Visit of Vladimir Putin in China. Common opposition to the American Theatre Missile Defence system (TMD) project