Daily Archives: 21 avril 2017

On 21 April in Asian history

ON 21 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date,  on Internet (Google…) type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 21, 2017

900 AD: The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (the earliest known written document found in what is now the Philippines) : the Honourable Namwaran and his children, Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are granted pardon from all their debts by the Commander and Chief of Tundun, as represented by the Honourable Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pailah. Luzon, Philippines
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laguna_Copperplate_Inscription

1521: In the Philippines, Ferdinand Magellan baptisms Cebu island chief Rajah Humabon, his wife Ratu Humanay and 500 of their followers
http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Rajah_Humabon

1526: Babur (Babar or Baber), the ruler of Kabul, leads Mughal forces against the sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, killing him in the Battle of Panipat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Panipat_(1526)
http://www.iloveindia.com/history/medieval-india/delhi-sultunate/1st-panipat-battle.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-april-1526-the-first-battle-of-panipat-was-fought

1651: Birth of Joseph Vaz, Indian priest and missionary, apostle of Ceylan, who died on January 16, 1711
http://en.radiovaticana.va/news/2014/09/17/bl_joseph_vaz,_first_saint_to_sri_lanka/1106730
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Vaz
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/664534/3-things-to-know-about-sri-lankas-first-saint-joseph-vaz

1701: Death of Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord, born on 28 September 1667
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Asano_Naganori

1782: The city of Rattanakosin, now known internationally as Bangkok, is founded on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya River by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama 1) as his new capital
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/thailand/bangkok/history
http://www.hellosiam.com/html/Bangkok/Bangkok%20-%20history.htm

Bangkok 1822

1879: Birth of Raden Ajeng Kartini, Indonesian leading feminist who died on September 17, 1904
http://www.myhero.com/myhero/hero.asp?hero=kartini_indonesia_05_ul
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kartini

R. A. Kartini

1938: Death of Sir Muhammad Iqbal, a Muslim poet, philosopher and politician who introduced the theory of the Two-Nation theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Muhammad_Iqbal
http://www.allamaiqbal.com/

1951: U.S. Defense Department announces the appointment of a Military Assistance Advisory Group for Taiwan, on whose recommendation the U.S. resumes direct military aid to the Nationalists

1954: Birth of Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebiet_G._Ade

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EIX5TwrEJ1A

1958: Birth of Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
http://lambiek.net/artists/u/usui_yoshito.htm

1959: The 14th Dalai Lama arrives in Mussoorie, India, receiving political sanctuary there
http://www.tribuneindia.com/2009/20090406/dplus.htm#1

1960: The disagreements between Beijing and Moscow publicly disclosed by some texts published in the Red Flag under the title « Long life Leninism »

1964: Death of Bharathidasan, Indian poet, born on April 29, 1891
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharathidasan

Bharathidasan

1970: On the same day that Soviet Party leader Leonid Brezhnev condemns the anti-Soviet campaign in China, the Beijing People’s Daily publishes an editorial calling for the overthrow of the Soviet government. A joint editorial in three leading Chinese newspapers the next day criticizes the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and attacks the Brezhnev Doctrine

1972: In Pakistan, Martial Law is lifted by President Ali Bhutto. The constitutional rule is restored in the country. Hamoodu-ur-Rehman is sworn in as Chief Justice of Pakistan.

1975: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu resigns and flees to Taiwan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_2935000/2935347.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thieu-flees-saigon-as-xuan-loc-falls

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xfEJJiGw2g

1977: Ziaur Rahman is sworn in as Bangladesh president
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziaur_Rahman

1987: The Tamil Tigers are blamed for a car bomb that explodes in the Sri Lanka capital of Colombo, killing 106 people
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_2525000/2525415.stm

1989: The day before the Hu Yaobang’s funeral, 100,000 students march on Tiananmen Square, gathering there before the square could be closed off for the funeral
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/chinese-students-begin-protests-at-tiananmen-square

1989: Death od Princess Dukhye (Deokhye) of Korea, born on 25 May 1912
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deokhye%2C_Princess_of_Korea

1997: Deve Gowda Indian PM since June 1, 1996 is succeeded by IK Gujral
http://www.gloriousindia.com/biographies/deve_gowda.html
http://www.gloriousindia.com/biographies/inder_kumar_gujral.html

1997: Death of Diosdado Pangan Macapagal, 9th president of the Philippines (1961-1965) born on 28 September 1910
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15013858

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syPi-wCXGuM

1999: Agreement between factions to stop violence in East Timor

2003: In Indonesia, seven servicemen, including four officers, are condemned to jail for the murder, in November 2001, of Theys Eluay, chairman of the West Papua’s Papua Presidium Council
http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/04/21/1050777211770.html

2003: In Sri Lanka, LTTE break off negotiations with the government

2006: Death of T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian communist politician, born in 1922
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-kerala/tk-ramakrishnan-dead/article3151119.ece

2011: United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights calls on the Kathmandu government to bring Maoist army and militias leaders responsible for crimes against humanity to trial. In 10 years, the conflict claimed more than 12,800 deaths and nearly 100 thousand displaced
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Kathmandu,-UN-calls-for-justice-for-victims-of-civil-war-21369.html

2011: The US military’s top officer, Adm Mike Mullen, accuses Pakistan’s spy agency of having links with militants targeting troops in Afghanistan. He said Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) had a « long-standing relationship » with a militant group run by Afghan insurgent Jalaluddin Haqqani
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13153538

2014: A court in Shanghai orders the seizure of a Japanese ship as reparation for a debt dating back to the 1930s. The move is considered the first confiscation of Japanese assets in a lawsuit over wartime compensation
http://www.voanews.com/content/chinese-court-orders-japanese-boat-seized-for-wartime-compensation/1897720.html

2014: Death of Win Tin, one of the founders of Myanmar’s pro-democracy opposition and the nation’s longest-serving political prisoner
http://www.euronews.com/2014/04/21/myanmar-democracy-activist-win-tin-dies-at-85/ http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/veteran-myanmar-pro-democracy-campaigner-win-tin-dies-0

2015 : Japanese maglev train sets new world speed record, hits 603 kph in test run. Bullet train tops 603 kph, with officials confident new technology is likely to shape a new global generation of trains
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/04/japan-breaks-train-speed-record-maglev-train-150421085448739.html

2016: Laos National Assemby names 78-year-old Bounnhang Vorachit for the nation’s President post while Tongloun Sisoulith, 70, will take on the prime ministerial role
https://asiancorrespondent.com/2016/04/laos-elects-new-president-and-pm-during-inaugural-national-assembly-meeting/
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/new-laos-leaders-take-office-communists-welcome-world
http://www.vientianetimes.org.la/Video_FileVDO/Apr16_New_leaders.htm

 

Holidays and observances

Indonesia: Kartini Day

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 21 April in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 21 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on April 21, 2017

1526: Babur (Babar or Baber), the ruler of Kabul, leads Mughal forces against the sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, killing him in the Battle of Panipat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Panipat_(1526)
http://www.iloveindia.com/history/medieval-india/delhi-sultunate/1st-panipat-battle.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-april-1526-the-first-battle-of-panipat-was-fought

1951: U.S. Defense Department announces the appointment of a Military Assistance Advisory Group for Taiwan, on whose recommendation the U.S. resumes direct military aid to the Nationalists

1960: The disagreements between Beijing and Moscow publicly disclosed by some texts published in the Red Flag under the title « Long life Leninism »

1970: On the same day that Soviet Party leader Leonid Brezhnev condemns the anti-Soviet campaign in China, the Beijing People’s Daily publishes an editorial calling for the overthrow of the Soviet government. A joint editorial in three leading Chinese newspapers the next day criticizes the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and attacks the Brezhnev Doctrine

1975: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu resigns and flees to Taiwan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_2935000/2935347.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thieu-flees-saigon-as-xuan-loc-falls

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xfEJJiGw2g

1999: Agreement between factions to stop violence in East Timor

2003: In Indonesia, seven servicemen, including four officers, are condemned to jail for the murder, in November 2001, of Theys Eluay, chairman of the West Papua’s Papua Presidium Council
http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/04/21/1050777211770.html

2003: In Sri Lanka, LTTE break off negotiations with the government

2006: Death of T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian communist politician, born in 1922
http://www.hindu.com/2006/04/22/stories/2006042215910400.htm

2011: The US military’s top officer, Adm Mike Mullen, accuses Pakistan’s spy agency of having links with militants targeting troops in Afghanistan. He said Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) had a « long-standing relationship » with a militant group run by Afghan insurgent Jalaluddin Haqqani
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13153538

On 21 April in South Asian history

ON 21 APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 21, 2017

1526: Babur (Babar or Baber), the ruler of Kabul, leads Mughal forces against the sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, killing him in the Battle of Panipat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Panipat_(1526)
http://www.iloveindia.com/history/medieval-india/delhi-sultunate/1st-panipat-battle.html
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/21-april-1526-the-first-battle-of-panipat-was-fought

1651: Birth of Joseph Vaz, Indian priest and missionary, apostle of Ceylan, who died on January 16, 1711
http://en.radiovaticana.va/news/2014/09/17/bl_joseph_vaz,_first_saint_to_sri_lanka/1106730
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Vaz
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/664534/3-things-to-know-about-sri-lankas-first-saint-joseph-vaz

1938: Death of Sir Muhammad Iqbal, a Muslim poet, philosopher and politician who introduced the theory of the Two-Nation theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Muhammad_Iqbal
http://www.allamaiqbal.com/

1959: The 14th Dalai Lama arrives in Mussoorie, India, receiving political sanctuary there
http://www.tribuneindia.com/2009/20090406/dplus.htm#1

1964: Death of Bharathidasan, Indian poet, born on April 29, 1891
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharathidasan

Bharathidasan

1972: In Pakistan, Martial Law is lifted by President Ali Bhutto. The constitutional rule is restored in the country. Hamoodu-ur-Rehman is sworn in as Chief Justice of Pakistan.

1977: Ziaur Rahman is sworn in as Bangladesh president
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ziaur_Rahman

1987: The Tamil Tigers are blamed for a car bomb that explodes in the Sri Lanka capital of Colombo, killing 106 people
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_2525000/2525415.stm

2003: In Sri Lanka, LTTE break off negotiations with the government

2006: Death of T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian communist politician, born in 1922
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-kerala/tk-ramakrishnan-dead/article3151119.ece

2011: United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights calls on the Kathmandu government to bring Maoist army and militias leaders responsible for crimes against humanity to trial. In 10 years, the conflict claimed more than 12,800 deaths and nearly 100 thousand displaced
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Kathmandu,-UN-calls-for-justice-for-victims-of-civil-war-21369.html

2011: The US military’s top officer, Adm Mike Mullen, accuses Pakistan’s spy agency of having links with militants targeting troops in Afghanistan. He said Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) had a « long-standing relationship » with a militant group run by Afghan insurgent Jalaluddin Haqqani
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13153538

 

On 21 April in Southeast Asian history

Bangkok 1822

ON 21 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 21, 2017

900 AD: The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (the earliest known written document found in what is now the Philippines) : the Honourable Namwaran and his children, Lady Angkatan and Bukah, are granted pardon from all their debts by the Commander and Chief of Tundun, as represented by the Honourable Jayadewa, Lord Minister of Pailah. Luzon, Philippines
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laguna_Copperplate_Inscription

1521: In the Philippines, Ferdinand Magellan baptisms Cebu island chief Rajah Humabon, his wife Ratu Humanay and 500 of their followers
http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Rajah_Humabon

1782: The city of Rattanakosin, now known internationally as Bangkok, is founded on the eastern bank of the Chao Phraya River by King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama 1) as his new capital
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/thailand/bangkok/history
http://www.hellosiam.com/html/Bangkok/Bangkok%20-%20history.htm

Bangkok 1822

1879: Birth of Raden Ajeng Kartini, Indonesian leading feminist who died on September 17, 1904
http://www.myhero.com/myhero/hero.asp?hero=kartini_indonesia_05_ul
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kartini

R. A. Kartini

1954: Birth of Ebiet G. Ade, Indonesian singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebiet_G._Ade

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EIX5TwrEJ1A

1975: President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu resigns and flees to Taiwan
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_2935000/2935347.stm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thieu-flees-saigon-as-xuan-loc-falls

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xfEJJiGw2g

1997: Death of Diosdado Pangan Macapagal, 9th president of the Philippines (1961-1965) born on 28 September 1910
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=15013858

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syPi-wCXGuM

2014: Death of Win Tin, one of the founders of Myanmar’s pro-democracy opposition and the nation’s longest-serving political prisoner
http://www.euronews.com/2014/04/21/myanmar-democracy-activist-win-tin-dies-at-85/ http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/veteran-myanmar-pro-democracy-campaigner-win-tin-dies-0

 

Holidays and observances

Indonesia: Kartini Day

On 21 April in Japan’s history

ON 21 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on April 21, 2017

1701: Death of Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord, born on 28 September 1667
http://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Asano_Naganori

1958: Birth of Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
http://lambiek.net/artists/u/usui_yoshito.htm

2014: A court in Shanghai orders the seizure of a Japanese ship as reparation for a debt dating back to the 1930s. The move is considered the first confiscation of Japanese assets in a lawsuit over wartime compensation
http://www.voanews.com/content/chinese-court-orders-japanese-boat-seized-for-wartime-compensation/1897720.html

2015 : Japanese maglev train sets new world speed record, hits 603kph in test run . Bullet train tops 603kph, with officials confident new technology is likely to shape a new global generation of trains
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/04/japan-breaks-train-speed-record-maglev-train-150421085448739.html

On 21 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

ON 21 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 21, 2017

1951: U.S. Defense Department announces the appointment of a Military Assistance Advisory Group for Taiwan, on whose recommendation the U.S. resumes direct military aid to the Nationalists

1959: The 14th Dalai Lama arrives in Mussoorie, India, receiving political sanctuary there
http://www.tribuneindia.com/2009/20090406/dplus.htm#1

1960: The disagreements between Beijing and Moscow publicly disclosed by some texts published in the Red Flag under the title « Long life Leninism »

1970: On the same day that Soviet Party leader Leonid Brezhnev condemns the anti-Soviet campaign in China, the Beijing People’s Daily publishes an editorial calling for the overthrow of the Soviet government. A joint editorial in three leading Chinese newspapers the next day criticizes the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and attacks the Brezhnev Doctrine

1989: The day before the Hu Yaobang’s funeral, 100,000 students march on Tiananmen Square, gathering there before the square could be closed off for the funeral
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/chinese-students-begin-protests-at-tiananmen-square

2014: A court in Shanghai orders the seizure of a Japanese ship as reparation for a debt dating back to the 1930s. The move is considered the first confiscation of Japanese assets in a lawsuit over wartime compensation
http://www.voanews.com/content/chinese-court-orders-japanese-boat-seized-for-wartime-compensation/1897720.html