Daily Archives: 7 avril 2017

On 7 April in Asian history

ON 7 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 7, 2017

1506: Birth of Saint Francis Xavier, Spanish co-founder of the Society of Jesus and missionary in Asia, who died on December 3, 1552
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Xavier

1521: Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu
http://www.nndb.com/people/629/000092353/
http://www.studyworld.com/ferdinand_magellan.htm

1541: Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies
http://www.cin.org/franxav.html

1605: Death of Siam’s king Naresuan, born on April 25, 1555
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naresuan

King Naresuan

1638: Death of Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma, born on 27 November 1576
https://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Shimazu_Tadatsune

1767: The Burmese sack the starving city of Ayutthaya for the second time in history, committing atrocities. Thousands of Siamese captives are relocated to Burma. End of Burmese–Siamese War 1765–1767
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burmese%E2%80%93Siamese_War_(1765%E2%80%931767)   

1782: After a rebellion, Taksin, King of Siam (Thailand) is executed. He was born on 17 April 1734
http://www.thailandsworld.com/en/thai-people/king-taksin-the-great/index.cfm

1868: The Charter Oath, more literally, the Oath in Five Articles, is promulgated at the enthronement of Emperor Meiji of Japan The Oath outlined the main aims and the course of action to be followed during Emperor Meiji’s reign, setting the legal stage for Japan’s modernization. It can be considered the first constitution of modern Japan
http://www.duhaime.org/LawMuseum/LawArticle-1203/1868-Charter-Oath-of-the-Five-Articles.aspx
http://www.meijijingu.or.jp/english/about/7.html

1871: Birth of Epifanio de los Santos, Filipino historian, scholar and lawyer who died on April 18, 1928
http://kahimyang.info/kauswagan/articles/1060/today-in-philippine-history-april-7-1871-epifanio-de-los-santos-was-born-in-malabon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epifanio_de_los_Santos

1907 (or 1908): Birth of Le Duan, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1960 to his death on July 8, 1986
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%AA_Du%E1%BA%A9n
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/uhic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=UHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=UHIC%3AWHIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3411600047&source=Bookmark&u=imgacademy&jsid=9f08bb4976648e871c99242b6f13fbc5
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5180354.stm

Le Duan

1920: Birth of Ravi Shankar, Indian sitarist and composer
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/7-april-1920-pandit-ravi-shankar-sitar-maestro-was-born
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0788170/bio
http://www.biography.com/people/ravi-shankar-9480456


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gWCiLexilY

1921: Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China (Revolutionnary gouvernement of Guangzhou), though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/15937833

1924: Birth of Ikuma Dan, Japanese composer (Yūzuru), who died on May 17, 2001
http://www.tohokingdom.com/people/ikuma_dan.htm

1926: Birth of Prem Nazir, Indian actor who died on January 16, 1989
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/prem-nazir/biography.html
https://www.keralatourism.org/varkala/prem-nazir.php

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bI5DRz1-unU

1934: In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspends his campaign of civil disobedience
http://www.mapsofindia.com/personalities/gandhi/civil-disobedience.html

1934: Birth of Swami Shantananda, Hindu saint and philosopher
http://www.chinmaya.org/acharya.php?id=24
http://www.siddhayoga.org/biographies/Sw-Shantananda.htm

1938: End of the battle of Tai’erzhuang, won by the Chinese on Japanese
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taierzhuang
history.cultural-china.com/en/34History7595.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3595.html

 1942: Birth of Jeetendra, Indian actor
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/jeetendra/biography.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeetendra

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIe4UH2fKtg

1942: Birth of Nam Gi-nam, South Korean director of movies
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nam_Gi-nam
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1050026/

1945: Admiral Suzuki becomes Japan’s third Prime Minister in a year
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Kantaro_Suzuki
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Suzuki-K.html

1945: The Japanese battleship Yamato, the largest ever constructed, is sunk 200 miles north of Okinawa while en-route on a suicide mission in Operation Ten-go
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japanese-battleship-yamato-is-sunk-by-allied-forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_battleship_Yamato

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5UYt5ih1fc

1945: After being delayed on the roads from Xiangkhoang and Vientiane by the Franco-Laotian guerrillas (of whom the Hmong were particularly effective), two battalions of Japanese troops finally arrive in Luang Prabang
http://www.angelfire.com/folk/khunborom/japanese.htm

1948: In China, the communists launch a military action on the Yellow River

1954: President Dwight D. Eisenhower coins one of the most famous Cold War phrases when he suggests the fall of French Indochina to the communists could create a « domino » effect in Southeast Asia. The so-called « domino theory » dominated U.S. thinking about Vietnam for the next decade


 
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/eisenhower-gives-famous-domino-theory-speech
http://historytools.davidjvoelker.com/sources/domino.html
http://coursesa.matrix.msu.edu/~hst306/documents/domino.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1N1_JGG4XX8

1954: Birth of Jackie Chan (Sing Lung), Hong Kong actor and singer
http://jackiechan.com/biography.htm
http://men.stareastasia.com/jackie-chan/
http://jackiechan.com/

1956: In Sri Lanka, general elections. The leftist opposition wins with a program demanding the withdrawal of the British bases
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceylonese_parliamentary_election,_1956

1957: Birth of Kim Kap-su, South Korean actor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Kap-su
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0453448/
http://asianmediawiki.com/Kim_Kap-Su

1963: In Laos, Kieng-Khuang city is taken by Pathet Lao, the communist guerilla
http://countrystudies.us/laos/18.htm

1971: US president Richard Nixon announces his decision to increase the rate of American troop withdrawals from Vietnam

1976: Following the 5 April demonstrations, Deng Xiaoping is fired from all his positions and Hua Guofeng is nominated Prime Minister of China
http://www.ibiblio.org/chinesehistory/contents/01his/c05s03.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3641.html

1976 Hua Guofeng

1978: In the Philippines, first legislative elections since the Martial Law has been proclaimed in 1972. Doubtful victory for the party of President Ferdinand Marcos

1988: Russia announces that it will withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan

1992: Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon is installed as prime minister, up to May 24
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suchinda_Kraprayoon

2000: Death of Broery Marantika, Indonesian singer, born on June 25, 1944
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broery_Marantika
http://www.broery.com/

2006: Ichiro Ozawa, 63 years old, is elected chairman of the Democratic Party of Japan prevailing on Naoto Kan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichir%C5%8D_Ozawa

2007: Wu Poh-hsiung, 67 years old, Home Minister from 1991 to 1996, is elected chairman of Kuomintang, replacing Ma Ying-jeou who has resigned after he was indicted for corruption
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2007/03/30/2003354485

2008: Death of Ludu Daw Amar, Burmese writer, born on November 29, 1915
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/apr/12/burma
http://www.dvb.no/uncategorized/ludu-daw-amar-dies-aged-93/1195
http://malaccabar.org/archives/116

Daw Amar

2012: President Thein Sein meets with members of a peace delegation from the rebel Karen National Union. The first time the president had talked with rebel leaders since he issued a call for dialogue last August
http://www.voanews.com/english/news/asia/Burma-President-Meets-with-Karen-Rebels-146521725.html

2014: Sri Lanka foreign minister,says it will not co-operate with a United Nations inquiry into alleged war crimes by government forces and separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in the final phase of their 26-year war
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2014/04/sri-lanka-refuses-co-operate-with-un-probe-201447234412461564.html

2014: India’s general election begins with voters casting ballots in two remote northeastern states. Billed as the world’s largest democratic exercise, the staggered election involving some 815 million voters will conclude in five weeks
http://www.voanews.com/content/india-set-to-begin-mammoth-elections/1887569.html http://www.france24.com/en/20140407-india-vote-video-congress-bjp-aap/ http://www.fairobserver.com/article/indias-elections-mainstream-privilege-northeast-23084
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26883201?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=%2AMorning%20Brief&utm_campaign=MB%2004.07.14

2015: The Malaysian government pushs through controversial anti-terror legislation in the lower house, after parliamentarians hotly debated the Bill
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/malaysia-passes/1769488.html
http://www.france24.com/en/20150407-malaysia-anti-terror-law-human-rights/
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32194636

2016: Vietnam elects a new Prime Minister, Nguyen Xuan Phuc, to lead the emerging economy as it comes under increasing pressure to reform a scandal hit state-owned sector and banking system
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/nguyen-xuan-phuc-elected/2672918.html
http://www.dw.com/en/new-prime-minister-rounds-out-vietnams-leadership-trio/a-19170482
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2016-04-07/vietnam-elects-new-prime-minister-nguyen-xuan-phuc/1566998

On 7 April in South Asian history

ON 7 APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 7, 2017

1920: Birth of Ravi Shankar, Indian sitarist and composer
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0788170/bio
http://www.biography.com/people/ravi-shankar-9480456


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gWCiLexilY

1926: Birth of Prem Nazir, Indian actor who died on January 16, 1989
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/prem-nazir/biography.html
http://www.thehindu.com/features/metroplus/prem-nazir/article6682741.ece

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bI5DRz1-unU

1934: In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspends his campaign of civil disobedience
http://www.mapsofindia.com/personalities/gandhi/civil-disobedience.html

1934: Birth of Swami Shantananda, Hindu saint and philosopher
http://www.chinmaya.org/acharya.php?id=24
http://www.siddhayoga.org/biographies/Sw-Shantananda.htm

 1942: Birth of Jeetendra, Indian actor
http://www.filmibeat.com/celebs/jeetendra/biography.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeetendra

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qwFpKmYH4k

1956: In Sri Lanka, general elections. The leftist opposition wins with a program demanding the withdrawal of the British bases
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceylonese_parliamentary_election,_1956

1988: Russia announces that it will withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan

2014: Sri Lanka foreign minister,says it will not co-operate with a United Nations inquiry into alleged war crimes by government forces and separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in the final phase of their 26-year war
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2014/04/sri-lanka-refuses-co-operate-with-un-probe-201447234412461564.html

2014: India’s general election begins with voters casting ballots in two remote northeastern states. Billed as the world’s largest democratic exercise, the staggered election involving some 815 million voters will conclude in five weeks
http://www.voanews.com/content/india-set-to-begin-mammoth-elections/1887569.html http://www.france24.com/en/20140407-india-vote-video-congress-bjp-aap/ http://www.fairobserver.com/article/indias-elections-mainstream-privilege-northeast-23084
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-26883201?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_term=%2AMorning%20Brief&utm_campaign=MB%2004.07.14

On 7 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 7 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 7, 2017

1506: Birth of Saint Francis Xavier, Spanish co-founder of the Society of Jesus and missionary in Asia, who died on December 3, 1552

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Xavier

1521: Ferdinand Magellan arrives at Cebu
http://www.nndb.com/people/629/000092353/
http://www.studyworld.com/ferdinand_magellan.htm

1541: Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies
http://www.cin.org/franxav.html

1605: Death of Siam’s king Naresuan, born on April 25, 1555
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naresuan

King Naresuan

1767: The Burmese sack the starving city of Ayutthaya for the second time in history, committing atrocities. Thousands of Siamese captives are relocated to Burma. End of Burmese–Siamese War (1765–1767)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burmese%E2%80%93Siamese_War_(1765%E2%80%931767)   

1782: After a rebellion, Taksin, King of Siam (Thailand) is executed. He was born on 17 April 1734
http://www.thailandsworld.com/en/thai-people/king-taksin-the-great/index.cfm

1871: Birth of Epifanio de los Santos, Filipino historian, scholar and lawyer who died on April 18, 1928
http://kahimyang.info/kauswagan/articles/1060/today-in-philippine-history-april-7-1871-epifanio-de-los-santos-was-born-in-malabon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epifanio_de_los_Santos

1907 (or 1908): Birth of Le Duan, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1960 to his death on July 8, 1986
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%AA_Du%E1%BA%A9n
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/uhic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=UHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&display-query=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&search_within_results=&p=UHIC%3AWHIC&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3411600047&source=Bookmark&u=imgacademy&jsid=9f08bb4976648e871c99242b6f13fbc5
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/5180354.stm

Le Duan

1945: After being delayed on the roads from Xiangkhoang and Vientiane by the Franco-Laotian guerrillas (of whom the Hmong were particularly effective), two battalions of Japanese troops finally arrive in Luang Prabang
http://www.angelfire.com/folk/khunborom/japanese.htm

1954: President Dwight D. Eisenhower coins one of the most famous Cold War phrases when he suggests the fall of French Indochina to the communists could create a « domino » effect in Southeast Asia. The so-called « domino theory » dominated U.S. thinking about Vietnam for the next decade

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/eisenhower-gives-famous-domino-theory-speech
http://historytools.davidjvoelker.com/sources/domino.html
http://coursesa.matrix.msu.edu/~hst306/documents/domino.html

1963: In Laos, Kieng-Khuang city is taken by Pathet Lao, the communist guerilla
http://countrystudies.us/laos/18.htm

1971: US president Richard Nixon announces his decision to increase the rate of American troop withdrawals from Vietnam

1978: In the Philippines, first legislative elections since the Martial Law has been proclaimed in 1972. Doubtful victory for the party of President Ferdinand Marcos

1992: Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon is installed as prime minister, up to May 24
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suchinda_Kraprayoon

2000: Death of Broery Marantika, Indonesian singer, born on June 25, 1944
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broery_Marantika
http://www.broery.com/

2008: Death of Ludu Daw Amar, Burmese writer, born on November 29, 1915
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/apr/12/burma
http://www.dvb.no/uncategorized/ludu-daw-amar-dies-aged-93/1195
http://malaccabar.org/archives/116

Daw Amar

2012: President Thein Sein meets with members of a peace delegation from the rebel Karen National Union. The first time the president had talked with rebel leaders since he issued a call for dialogue last August
http://www.voanews.com/english/news/asia/Burma-President-Meets-with-Karen-Rebels-146521725.html

2016: Vietnam elects a new Prime Minister, Nguyen Xuan Phuc, to lead the emerging economy as it comes under increasing pressure to reform a scandal hit state-owned sector and banking system
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/nguyen-xuan-phuc-elected/2672918.html
http://www.dw.com/en/new-prime-minister-rounds-out-vietnams-leadership-trio/a-19170482
http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/2016-04-07/vietnam-elects-new-prime-minister-nguyen-xuan-phuc/1566998

On 7 April in Japan’s history

ON 7 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on April 7, 2017

1638: Death of Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma, born on 27 November 1576
https://wiki.samurai-archives.com/index.php?title=Shimazu_Tadatsune

1868: The Charter Oath, more literally, the Oath in Five Articles, is promulgated at the enthronement of Emperor Meiji of Japan The Oath outlined the main aims and the course of action to be followed during Emperor Meiji’s reign, setting the legal stage for Japan’s modernization. It can be considered the first constitution of modern Japan
http://www.duhaime.org/LawMuseum/LawArticle-1203/1868-Charter-Oath-of-the-Five-Articles.aspx
http://www.meijijingu.or.jp/english/about/7.html

1924: Birth of Ikuma Dan, Japanese composer (Yūzuru), who died on May 17, 2001
http://www.tohokingdom.com/people/ikuma_dan.htm

1938: End of the battle of Tai’erzhuang, won by the Chinese on Japanese
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taierzhuang
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34History7595.html

 1945: Admiral Suzuki becomes Japan’s third Prime Minister in a year
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Kantaro_Suzuki
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Suzuki-K.html

1945: The Japanese battleship Yamato, the largest ever constructed, is sunk 200 miles north of Okinawa while en-route on a suicide mission in Operation Ten-go
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/japanese-battleship-yamato-is-sunk-by-allied-forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_battleship_Yamato

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5UYt5ih1fc

2006: Ichiro Ozawa, 63 years old, is elected chairman of the Democratic Party of Japan prevailing on Naoto Kan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichir%C5%8D_Ozawa

 

On 7 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1976 Hua Guofeng

ON 7 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 7, 2017

1921: Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China (Revolutionnary gouvernement of Guangzhou), though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords
http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/15937833

1938: End of the battle of Tai’erzhuang, won by the Chinese on Japanese
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Taierzhuang
http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34History7595.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3595.html

1948: In China, the communists launch a military action on the Yellow River

1954: Birth of Jackie Chan (Sing Lung), Hong Kong actor and singer
http://men.stareastasia.com/jackie-chan/
http://jackiechan.com/

1976: Following the 5 April demonstrations, Deng Xiaoping is fired from all his positions and Hua guofeng is nominated Prime Minister of China
http://www.ibiblio.org/chinesehistory/contents/01his/c05s03.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3641.html

1976 Hua Guofeng

2007: Wu Poh-hsiung, 67 years old, Home Minister from 1991 to 1996, is elected chairman of Kuomintang, replacing Ma Ying-jeou who has resigned after he was indicted for corruption
http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2007/03/30/2003354485