Daily Archives: 4 avril 2017

Wars, conflicts and strategy on 4 April in Asian history

WARS, CONFLICTS AND STRATEGY ON 4 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “conflicts and strategy on (date + month) in Asian history”

Updated on April 4, 2017

1287: King Wareru founds Kingdom of Ramannadesa, and proclaims independence from Pagan Empire

http://www.myanmars.net/myanmar-history/king-wareru.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wareru

1885: Signature, in Paris, of a Protocol for the suspension of hostilities between France and China in Tonkin
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/cts166-76.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2976.html

1944 : The Battle of Kohima, a turning point in the Second World War that halted Japan’s advance into Asia, starts. Sometimes called the “Stalingrad of the East”, it ended on 22 June 1944 with the defeat and retreat of Japanese forces

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-two/the-pacific-war-1941-to-1945/the-battle-of-kohima-1944/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kohima
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-two/the-pacific-war-1941-to-1945/the-battle-of-kohima-1944/

1954: At the end of French Vietnam war, the French government asks the USA an air and sea operation on Dien-Bien-Phu

1967: The U.S. lost its 500th plane over Vietnam

1971: In Sri Lanka, beginning of a Che Guevarist uprising by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) or People’s Liberation Front
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1971_Uprising
http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2012/04/08/the-jvp-insurrection-and-lessons-learnt/

1975: In Vietnam, the Operation Baby Lift knows a terrific blow when an American plane transporting orphans crashes near Saigon causing 172 dies

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/operation-baby-lift-aircraft-crashes
http://www.super70s.com/Super70s/Tech/Aviation/Disasters/75-04-04(C5Vietnam).asp

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiBPFeoBkRw

1987: Secret US overture to North Korea proposing food and medical aid if Pyongyang participates in Seoul 1988 Olympic

 

On 4 April in South Asian history

ON 4 APRIL IN SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in South Asian history”

Updated on April 4, 2017

1889: Birth of Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Indian journalist, poet, and playwright  who died on January 30, 1968
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/makhanlal-chaturvedi-biography.html

Makhanlal Chaturvedi

1897: Birth of John Lionel Kotalawela, third Prime Minister of Ceylon (1953-1956) who died on 2nd October 1980
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lionel_Kotalawela

1905: In India, an earthquake at 6:19 am, hit the Kangra valley, kills 20,000, and destroys most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala

1912: Chinese republic is proclaimed in Tibet
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/04/tibet-proclaimed-china-republic-1912_n_3016243.html

1944 : The Battle of Kohima, a turning point in the Second World War that halted Japan’s advance into Asia, starts. Sometimes called the “Stalingrad of the East”, it ended on 22 June 1944 with the defeat and retreat of Japanese forces

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-two/the-pacific-war-1941-to-1945/the-battle-of-kohima-1944/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kohima
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/4-april-1944-the-battle-of-kohima-started

1949 : Birth of Parveen Babi, Hindi film actress, who died on January 20, 2005
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parveen_Babi

1971: In Sri Lanka, beginning of a Che Guevarist uprising by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) or People’s Liberation Front
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1971_Uprising
http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2012/04/08/the-jvp-insurrection-and-lessons-learnt/

1972: Birth of Lisa Ray, Indo-Canadian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lisa_Ray
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0712908/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=px3FjrWoR20&feature=fvst

1979: Former Prime Minister  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/4/newsid_2459000/2459507.stm
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/12/27/AR2007122701067.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XMvL1W_Jgz8&feature=related

1987: Death of Sachchidananda Vatsyayan, Indian journalist and author, born on July 3, 1911
http://www.poemhunter.com/sachchidananda-vatsyayan/biography/

1987: Death of Chogyam Trungpa, Tibetan Buddhist master, born in February 1939
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chogyam_Trungpa
http://shambhala.org/teachers/chogyam-trungpa/

2014: An Indian judge orders three men to hang after they were convicted of two gang-rapes, the first death sentences to be handed down for multiple sex attacks since the law was toughened last year
http://www.bbc.com/news/26887723

2016: A court in northern India sentences 47 policemen to life in prison over the massacre of Sikh pilgrims 25 years ago. The killings were committed during an insurgency by Sikh militants in the region
http://www.dw.com/en/47-indian-policemen-get-life-sentences-for-1991-sikh-killings/a-19163431

On 4 April in Southeast Asian history

ON 4 APRIL IN SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Southeast Asian history”

Updated on April 4, 2017

1287: King Wareru founds the Kingdom of Ramannadesa, and proclaims independence from Pagan Empire
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wareru

1885: Signature, in Paris, of a Protocol for the suspension of hostilities between France and China in Tonkin
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/cts166-76.htm

1910: Birth of Đặng Văn Ngữ, Vietnamese physician and intellectual, born on April 1, 1967
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%90%E1%BA%B7ng_V%C4%83n_Ng%E1%BB%AF

1947: Birth of Wiranto, former Commander of the Indonesian Armed Forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiranto

1947: Birth of Eliseo Soriano, Philippine evangelist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliseo_Soriano

1954: At the end of French Vietnam war, the French government asks the USA an air and sea operation on Dien-Bien-Phu

1960: In Burma, U Nu is nominated PM for the third time, up to March 1962 when he will be replaced by Ne Win
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Nu

1964: Birth of Riduan Isamuddin, better known by the nom de guerre Hambali, former military leader of the Indonesian terrorist organization Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), arrested in Thailand on August 11, 2003, now in extrajudicial detention in Guantanamo Bay detainment camps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riduan_Isamuddin
http://projects.nytimes.com/guantanamo/detainees/10019-hambali-riduan-isamuddin

1964: Birth of Dang Than, Vietnamese poet and writer
http://www.thewriterspost.net/author_dangthan.htm

1967: The U.S. lost its 500th plane over Vietnam

1975: In Laos, the king gives his agreement for a government of twelve members, five of each side, plus two neutral

1975: In Vietnam, the Operation Baby Lift knows a terrific blow when an American plane transporting orphans crashes near Saigon causing 172 dies

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/operation-baby-lift-aircraft-crashes
http://www.super70s.com/Super70s/Tech/Aviation/Disasters/75-04-04(C5Vietnam).asp

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiBPFeoBkRw

1976: Seni Pramoj’s Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/momrajawong-m-r-kukrit-pramoj

1976: Prince Norodom Sihanouk resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest by the Khmer Rouge
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/prince-norodom-sihanouk

1999: In Malaysia, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail is elected chairwoman of the People’s Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat) after her husband Anwar Ibrahim has been jailed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wan_Azizah_Wan_Ismail
http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jul/09/opinion/op-49822

2006: In spite of his victory in the April 2 legislative elections, but boycotted by opposition, Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra resigns after a meeting with the king
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL0604/S00075.htm
http://www.voacambodia.com/a/a-40-2006-04-04-voa1-90152367/1353869.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3617.html

2011: A prominent Vietnamese legal scholar, Cu Huy Ha Vu, who sued the prime minister and called for multiparty democracy is convicted of propaganda against the state and sentenced to seven years in prison and another three years under house arrest. The case was one of the most highly charged political trials in Vietnam in years
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/05/world/asia/05vietnam.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Tens-of-thousands-of-Catholics-in-Vietnam-support-sentenced-dissident-21204.html

2012: Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, or NLD, wins 43 of the 44 seats it contested in the by-élections
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/04/04/world/asia/myanmar-elections/index.html?hpt=ias_c2

On 4 April in Japan’s history

ON 4 APRIL IN JAPAN’S HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Japan’s history”

Updated on April 4, 2017

1884: Birth of Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese naval commander, mastermind of the Pearl Habor attack who was killed when his plane was shot down on 18 April 1943
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=1
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/yamamoto-isoroku-japans-mastermind-of-the-pearl-harbor-attack-is-born

1944 : The Battle of Kohima, a turning point in the Second World War that halted Japan’s advance into Asia, starts. Sometimes called the “Stalingrad of the East”, it ended on 22 June 1944 with the defeat and retreat of Japanese forces
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kohima
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/4-april-1944-the-battle-of-kohima-started

1946: Birth of Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katsuaki_Sat%C5%8D

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2VjselWmpJI

1957: Birth of Nobuyoshi Kuwano, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobuyoshi_Kuwano

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJaA33gVcJQ

2007: Nobel Prize laureate Kenzaburo Oe, condemns the government decision to withdraw from the school history books any references to the imposed suicides in Okinawa before the US landing in 1945

 

On 4 April in Chinese history, Hong Kong and Taiwan

1990-04-04 Basic Law announced

ON 4 APRIL IN CHINESE HISTORY, HONG KONG AND TAIWAN

To see another date, on Internet (Google…) type “On (date + month) in Chinese history”

Updated on April 4, 2017

1885: Signature, in Paris, of a Protocol for the suspension of hostilities between France and China
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/cts166-76.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2976.html

1912: Chinese republic is proclaimed in Tibet
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/04/tibet-proclaimed-china-republic-1912_n_3016243.html

1949: Birth of Yau Shing-tung, Chinese mathematician
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/17/science/17yau.html?pagewanted=all


 1953: Birth of Chen Yi, Chinese composer and violinist
http://www.presser.com/composer/chen-yi/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQTDRRRvnbA

1954: Birth of Jackie Chan, Hong Kong actor, filmmaker, comedian, producer, martial artist, screenwriter, entrepreneur, singer and stunt performer
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000329/
http://www.jackiechan.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c9tya4EO764

1975: Execution of Zhang Zhixin, Chinese communist member opposed the the Gang of Four, born on 5 December 1930
http://www.china.org.cn/china/60th_anniversary_people/2009-09/17/content_18547110.htm
http://clearharmony.net/articles/200601/31118.html
http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2014/04/remembrance-zhang-zhixin/

1987: Death of Chogyam Trungpa, Tibetan Buddhist master, born in February 1939
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chogyam_Trungpa
http://shambhala.org/teachers/chogyam-trungpa/

1990: The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is announced and its flag is revealed
http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/attached_2.html
http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Hong_Kong

1990-04-04 Basic Law announced

 

Holidays and observances

Taiwan and Hong Kong: Children’s Day

On 4 April in Asian history

1990-04-04 Basic Law announced

ON 4 APRIL IN ASIAN HISTORY

To see another date, on Internet (Google…), type “On (day + month) in Asian history »

Updated on April 4, 2017

1287: King Wareru founds Kingdom of Ramannadesa, and proclaims independence from Pagan Empire
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wareru

1884: Birth of Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese naval commander, mastermind of the Pearl Habor attack who was killed when his plane was shot down on 18 April 1943
http://ww2db.com/person_bio.php?person_id=1
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/yamamoto-isoroku-japans-mastermind-of-the-pearl-harbor-attack-is-born

1885: Signature, in Paris, of a Protocol for the suspension of hostilities between France and China
http://www.taiwandocuments.org/cts166-76.htm
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/2976.html

1889: Birth of Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Indian journalist, poet, and playwright  who died on January 30, 1968
http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/makhanlal-chaturvedi-biography.html

Makhanlal Chaturvedi

1897: Birth of John Lionel Kotalawela, third Prime Minister of Ceylon (1953-1956) who died on 2nd October 1980
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lionel_Kotalawela

1905: In India, an earthquake at 6:19 am, hit the Kangra valley, kills 20,000, and destroys most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala

1910: Birth of Đặng Văn Ngữ, Vietnamese physician and intellectual, born on April 1, 1967
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%90%E1%BA%B7ng_V%C4%83n_Ng%E1%BB%AF

1912: Chinese republic is proclaimed in Tibet
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/04/tibet-proclaimed-china-republic-1912_n_3016243.html

1944 : The Battle of Kohima, a turning point in the Second World War that halted Japan’s advance into Asia, starts. Sometimes called the “Stalingrad of the East”, it ended on 22 June 1944 with the defeat and retreat of Japanese forces

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-two/the-pacific-war-1941-to-1945/the-battle-of-kohima-1944/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Kohima
http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/4-april-1944-the-battle-of-kohima-started

1946: Birth of Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katsuaki_Sat%C5%8D

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2VjselWmpJI

1947: Birth of Wiranto, former Commander of the Indonesian Armed Forces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiranto

1947: Birth of Eliseo Soriano, Philippine evangelist
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliseo_Soriano

1949 : Birth of Parveen Babi, Hindi film actress, who died on January 20, 2005
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parveen_Babi

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MXF7r4v7PU4

1949: Birth of Yau Shing-tung, Chinese mathematician
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/17/science/17yau.html?pagewanted=all


 1953: Birth of Chen Yi, Chinese composer and violinist
http://www.presser.com/composer/chen-yi/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQTDRRRvnbA

1954: At the end of French Vietnam war, the French government asks the USA an air and sea operation on Dien-Bien-Phu

1954: Birth of Jackie Chan, Hong Kong actor, filmmaker, comedian, producer, martial artist, screenwriter, entrepreneur, singer and stunt performer
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000329/
http://www.jackiechan.com/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c9tya4EO764

1957: Birth of Nobuyoshi Kuwano, Japanese musician
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobuyoshi_Kuwano

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJaA33gVcJQ

1960: In Burma, U Nu is nominated PM for the third time, up to March 1962 when he will be replaced by Ne Win
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Nu

1964: Birth of Riduan Isamuddin, better known by the nom de guerre Hambali, former military leader of the Indonesian terrorist organization Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), arrested in Thailand on August 11, 2003, now in extrajudicial detention in Guantanamo Bay detainment camps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riduan_Isamuddin
http://projects.nytimes.com/guantanamo/detainees/10019-hambali-riduan-isamuddin-

1964: Birth of Dang Than, Vietnamese poet and writer
http://www.thewriterspost.net/author_dangthan.htm

1967: The U.S. lost its 500th plane over Vietnam

1971: In Sri Lanka, beginning of a Che Guevarist uprising by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) or People’s Liberation Front
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1971_Uprising
http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2012/04/08/the-jvp-insurrection-and-lessons-learnt/

1972: Birth of Lisa Ray, Indo-Canadian actress
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lisa_Ray
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0712908/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=px3FjrWoR20&feature=fvst

1975: In Laos, the king gives his agreement for a government of twelve members, five of each side, plus two neutral

1975: Execution of Zhang Zhixin, Chinese communist member opposed the the Gang of Four, born on 5 December 1930
http://www.china.org.cn/china/60th_anniversary_people/2009-09/17/content_18547110.htm
http://clearharmony.net/articles/200601/31118.html
http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2014/04/remembrance-zhang-zhixin/

1975: In Vietnam, the Operation Baby Lift knows a terrific blow when an American plane transporting orphans crashes near Saigon causing 172 dies


http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/operation-baby-lift-aircraft-crashes
http://www.super70s.com/Super70s/Tech/Aviation/Disasters/75-04-04(C5Vietnam).asp

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiBPFeoBkRw

1976: Seni Pramoj’s Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/momrajawong-m-r-kukrit-pramoj
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_general_election,_1976

1976: Prince Norodom Sihanouk resigns as leader of Cambodia and is placed under house arrest by the Khmer Rouge
http://biography.yourdictionary.com/prince-norodom-sihanouk

1978: Birth of Kim Hyun Jung, Korean pop singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Hyun_Jung

1978: Birth of Aska Yang, Taiwanese singer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aska_Yang

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xQ8xCzyO5YI

1979: Former Prime Minister  Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan is executed
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/4/newsid_2459000/2459507.stm
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/12/27/AR2007122701067.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XMvL1W_Jgz8&feature=related

1986: Birth of Lee Hyuk Jae, Korean singer and member of boy band (Super Junior)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eunhyuk

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Am7YstdpLwQ

1987: Death of Sachchidananda Vatsyayan, Indian journalist and author, born on July 3, 1911
http://www.poemhunter.com/sachchidananda-vatsyayan/biography/

1987: Secret US overture to North Korea proposing food and medical aid if Pyongyang participates in Seoul 1988 Olympic

1987: Death of Chogyam Trungpa, Tibetan Buddhist master, born in February 1939
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chogyam_Trungpa
http://shambhala.org/teachers/chogyam-trungpa/

1990: The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is announced and it flag is revealed
http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/attached_2.html
http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Hong_Kong

1990-04-04 Basic Law announced

1999: In Malaysia, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail is elected chairwoman of the People’s Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat) after her husband Anwar Ibrahim has been jailed
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wan_Azizah_Wan_Ismail
http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jul/09/opinion/op-49822

2006: In spite of his victory in the April 2 legislative elections, but boycotted by opposition, Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra resigns after a meeting with the king
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL0604/S00075.htm
http://www.voacambodia.com/a/a-40-2006-04-04-voa1-90152367/1353869.html
http://history.04007.cn/en.php/HisMain/3617.html

2007: Nobel Prize laureate Kenzaburo Oe, condemns the government decision to withdraw from the school history books any references to the imposed suicides in Okinawa before the US landing in 1945

2011: A prominent Vietnamese legal scholar, Cu Huy Ha Vu, who sued the prime minister and called for multiparty democracy is convicted of propaganda against the state and sentenced to seven years in prison and another three years under house arrest. The case was one of the most highly charged political trials in Vietnam in years
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/05/world/asia/05vietnam.html?_r=1&ref=asia
http://www.asianews.it/news-en/Tens-of-thousands-of-Catholics-in-Vietnam-support-sentenced-dissident-21204.html

2012: Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, or NLD, wins 43 of the 44 seats it contested in the by-élections
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/04/04/world/asia/myanmar-elections/index.html?hpt=ias_c2

2014: An Indian judge orders three men to hang after they were convicted of two gang-rapes, the first death sentences to be handed down for multiple sex attacks since the law was toughened last year
http://www.bbc.com/news/26887723

2016: A court in northern India sentences 47 policemen to life in prison over the massacre of Sikh pilgrims 25 years ago. The killings were committed during an insurgency by Sikh militants in the region
http://www.dw.com/en/47-indian-policemen-get-life-sentences-for-1991-sikh-killings/a-19163431

 

Holidays and observances

Taiwan and Hong Kong: Children’s Day